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DEVONSHIRE     WILLS: 

A    COLLECTION   OF 

ANNOTATED     TESTAMENTARY     ABSTRACTS. 


DEVONSHIRE   WILLS: 

A    COLLECTION     OF 

ANNOTATED    TESTAMENTARY    ABSTRACTS, 


TOGETHER    WITH 

THE    FAMILY     HISTORY     AND     GENEALOGY    OF    MANY 

OF    THE    MOST    ANCIENT    GENTLE    HOUSES 

OF    THE    WEST    OF    ENGLAND. 


BY 


CHARLES     WORTHY,     ESQ., 

Formerly  of  H.M.  8znd  Kegt.,  and  sometime  Principal  Assistant  to  the  late 

Somerset  Herald  in  Ordinary. 
Author  of "  Devonshire  Parishes"  "Practical  Heraldry"  etc. 


"  ABKOAU  BY  ARMES,  AT  HOME  IN  STUDIOUS  KVNDE, 
WHO  SEKKES,  WITH  PAINFULI.  TOYLE,  SHALL  HONOUR  SONEST  FYNDE." 

D.  &>  C.,  Exon.,  MS.  3532. 


Xonfcon : 

BEMROSE     &     SONS,     LTD.,     23,     OLD     BAILEY; 
AND     DERBY. 

1896. 


I    DEDICATE   THESE   PAGES 
TO    THE    MEMORY    OF    MY    DEAR    YOUNGER    BROTHER, 

Efcwarfc  Htbelstan  Wortbg, 

FORMERLY  OF  WINCHESTER,    AND   AFTERWARD   OF   NEW   COLLEGE,   OXFORD, 
BACHELOR   OF  ARTS, 

WHO,    AFTER   TWENTY-EIGHT   YEARS'   ABSENCE    FROM    HIS    NATIVE    LAND, 

DURING    WHICH    HIS    DISTINGUISHED   TALENTS   WERE   CONTINUOUSLY 

DEVOTED   TO   THE    INSTRUCTION    OF    YOUTH,    AT 

CHRIST   CHURCH,    NEW   ZEALAND, 

RETURNED   TO    ENGLAND,    FOR    WELL    EARNED    REST,    IN   THE   SPRING 

OF     1894,     AND,     DURING    A    SUBSEQUENT    TOUR     ON     THE     CONTINENT, 

WAS    ACCIDENTALLY    DROWNED,    OFF   THE   SOUTH    COAST   OF    FRANCE, 

ON    THE    FOLLOWING    3 1ST   OCTOBER, 
IN    THE    FIFTY-FIRST   YEAR   OF    HIS    AGE. 


"  AND   MAY   THERE   BE   NO  SADNESS   OF   FAREWELL, 

WHEN  I  EMBARK  !  " 


206G351 


PREFACE. 


THE  following  pages  are  but  the  very  partial  outcome 
of  the  researches,  and  extensive  genealogical  correspon- 
dence, of  well  nigh  a  quarter  of  a  century,  and  of  my  personal 
labours  at  the  several  public  depositories  of  the  records  I 
have  herein  abstracted,  or  cited  ;  and  although  the  present 
work  may  be  regarded,  in  some  sort,  as  a  continuation  of  my 
previous  volumes  on  the  parochial  and  family  history  of  Devon- 
shire, culled  from  the  same  original  sources,  and  with  which 
it  is  uniform,  and  although,  in  the  midst  of  other  literary 
work,  I  have  now  contributed  some  seventeen  hundred  closely 
printed  pages,  exclusive  of  pamphlets  and  periodical  articles, 
to  this  single  subject,  I  must  freely  admit  that  the  history 
of  Devonshire,  as  a  whole,  yet  remains  to  be  written,  and 
that  it  would  most  certainly  entail  the  entire  devotion  of 
considerably  more  than  an  ordinary  lifetime  to  properly 
accomplish  the  task. 

Therefore,  it  must  be  distinctly  understood  that  I  am  now 
simply  offering  my  friends  and  supporters  a  further  instalment 
of  a  work,  to  the  extension  of  which  I  can  only  trust  I  may 
be  eventually  able  to  devote  the  whole  of  my  time  and 
attention,  not  with  the  most  distant  hope,  or,  shall  I  say,  wish, 
of  being  spared  to  complete  it,  but  in  order  to  add  to  those 
materials  which  will  some  day  conduce,  and  I  trust  con- 
siderably so,  to  a  complete  record  of  a  county  which  has 
hitherto  received  but  scant  justice  at  the  hands  of  its  pseudo 


viii  PREFACE. 

"  historians,"  who  seem  chiefly  to  have  relied  upon  the  palpably 
inadequate  information,  and,  manifestly,  in  numberless  instances, 
careless,  investigations  of  the  father  of  them,  Sir  William 
Pole,  when  they  have  not  repeated  tradition  as  matter  of  fact. 
Thus  the  works  of  Westcote  and  Risdon,  and,  in  later  times 
those  of  Polwhele  and  Prince,  are  also  full  of  inaccuracies,  and 
the  same  may  be  said,  in  but  a  slightly  lesser  degree,  of  the 
Devonshire  volumes  of  the  Magna  Britannia,  for,  although 
Samuel  Lysons  was  "  Keeper  of  His  Majesty's  Records,"  there 
is  evidence  in  nearly  every  page  of  the  joint  production  of 
himself  and  his  brother,  that  those  records  were  not  rendered 
available  to  any  considerable  extent,  and  that  when  adduced 
they  are  frequently  misquoted  or  misinterpreted. 

Whatever  may  be  my  own  shortcomings,  I  feel  that  I  can 
fairly  claim  to  have  avoided  the  slightest  suspicion  of  plagiarism, 
and  I  offer  these  pages  to  the  public,  not  as  the  "  sequence  of 
a  perusal  of  printed  accounts  and  documents,  strengthened  by 
much  help  from  friends  who  have  made  the  archives  their 
study,"  a  course,  thus  admittedly,  adopted  by  the  late  Professor 
Freeman  in  connection  with  his  History  of  Exeter,  but  "  after 
studying  the  said  archives,"  according  to  his  own  suggestion, 
"  as  they  must  be  studied  in  manuscript,"  and  that  study  (in 
connection  with  the  county  which  produced  Drake,  Ralegh, 
and  Grenville,  with  which  Queen  Elizabeth,  of  famous  memory, 
was  proud  to  claim  family  connection,  which  gave  birth  to 
that  great  General  who  procured  for  us  the  blessing  of  a 
restored  monarchy  ;  and  with  which  historic  Shire  the  early 
days  of  our  own  beloved  Sovereign  were  closely  identified), 
as  anticipated  by  the  late  Regius  Professor  of  Modern  History, 
has  truly  "  called  for  the  offering  of  no  small  part  of  a  life." 

I  will  only  add  that  my  present  notices  of  Gentle  Houses 
may  be  looked  upon  as  somewhat  scanty  and  partial,  but  it 


/'KKFACE.  ix 

must  be  remembered  that  the  limits  of  this  volume 
have  had  to  be  considered,  and  that  many  of  the  most  illus- 
trious families  of  Devonshire,  such  as  the  Redvers  and 
Courtenays,  the  DC  Brions,  the  Drakes,  the  Russells,  the 
Grenvilles,  the  Yardes,  the  Mohuns,  the  Arundells,  and  many 
others,  have  been  commemorated  in  my  previous  works, 
whilst  an  exhaustive  "  digression "  on  the  Earldom  of  Devon 
will  be  found  in  my  Suburbs  of  Exeter.  In  conclusion,  I  am 
always  glad  to  welcome  correspondence  in  connection  with  the 
family  history  of  my  native  county. 

CHARLES  WORTHY. 

He>ivitree,  Exeter, 
Afurc/i,   1896. 


TABLE     OF     CONTENTS. 


PART  I. 
WILLS    AND    ADMINISTRATIONS. 

PACK 

ARCHDEACONRY  COURT  OF  EXETER     -  r-  52 

„                    „            BARNSTAPLE  53-  80 

„                    „            TOTNES     -  81-101 

BISHOP  OF  EXETER,  CONSISTORIAL  COURT  102-117 

„            „         PRINCIPAL  REGISTRY  118-145 

PREROGATIVE  COURT  OF  CANTERBURY  146-156 

DEAN  AND  CHAPTER  OF  EXETER  157-168 

VICAR'S  CHORAL           „         „  169-170 

PART  II. 

ARCHDEACONRY  COURT  OF  EXETER  171-249 

„                    „        „    BARNSTAPLE  250-268 

„   TOTNES  269  291 

BISHOP  OF  EXETER,  CONSISTORIAL  COURT  292-299 

„                  „          PRINCIPAL  REGISTRY  300-309 

PART  III. 
GENTLE  HOUSES  OF  THE  WEST. 

INTRODUCTORY  310-316 

ACLAND,  OF  KlLLERTON,  ETC.  468-474 

BAMPFYLDE,  OF  POLTIMORE  474-484 

BASTARD,  OF  KITLEY  49 T '499 


xii  TABLE     OF    CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

BREMRIDGE,  OF  BREMRIPGE  4"-4'7 
BRITO,  HOUSE  OF 

BRITTON,  OF  BITTON  37°-374 

BRUTON,  OF  LANGLEY  363'368 

BRUTON,  OF  ALWINGTON  368-37° 

CHAFY,  OF  CHAFECOMBE  3J7'3y 

CHEVERSTONE,  OF  WRAY  386-39° 

FORTESCUE,  HOUSE  OF  456-468 

FULFORD,  OF  GREAT  FULFORD    -  4I7'43° 

GIBBS,  OF  FENTON  AND  CLIST  ST.  GEORGE  485-491 

GIDLEY,  OF  GIDLEY     -  394'399 

HAMLYN,  OF  WIDECOMBE-IN-THE-MOOR  399'4°3 

HORNIMAN,  alias  HERNIMAN,  OF  BRADWORTHY,  ETC.  33 1 -335 

KELLY,  OF  KELLY  408-410 

NORTHCOTE,  OF  PYNES  44T'447 

NORTHMORE,    OF    Cl-EVE  335'34° 

NOTT,  OF  BYDOWN       -  348-351 

PYKE,  OF  WIDWORTHY  344'348 

VENN,  OF  PEYHEMBURY  404-408 

WALROND,  OF  BRADFIELD   -  447'453 

WALROND,  OF  DULFORD      -  453*455 

WEEKES,  OF  HONEYCHURCH  383-386 

WISE,  OF  SYDENHAM    •  34°-343 

WORTH,  HOUSE  OF  -     43I"44I 

WORTH,  OF  WORTH     -  438-441 

WORTHE,  alias  WORTHY,  OF  MARLDON  AND  EXETER                437-438 

WREY,  OF  TAWSTOCK  390-394 

WYKES,  OF  NORTHWYKE  374'383 

PEDIGREES  "DISCLAIMED"  IN  1620  500-502 

INDEX  -     5°3-5T6 


LIST   OF   SUBSCRIBERS. 


Aldenham,  Lord,  Aklenham  House,  near  Elstree,  Herts. 

Asher  &  Co.,  Messrs.,   13,  Bedford  Street,  Covent  Garden,  London. 

Athill,  Chas.    H.,  Esq.,   F.S.A.   (Richmond  Herald),  Herald's  College,  London. 

Batten,  J.,   Esq.,  F.S.A.,  Aldon,  Yeovil. 

Bartlett,  Wm.,  Esq.,  Highfield   House,  Knotty  Ash,  Liverpool. 

Bartlett,  J.  A.,  jun.,  Esq.,  B.A.,  Christ  Church,  Oxford. 

Bartlett,  J.   A.,  Esq.,  Lynson,  Mossley  Hill  Road,  near  Liverpool. 

Bartlett,  T.,  Esq.,   12,  Pembroke  Place,  Liverpool. 

Bastard,  Baldwin,  J.P.,  Esq.,  Buckland  Court,  Ashburton. 

Bethell,  W.,   Esq.,  Rise  Park,  Hull. 

Bridgman,   H.   H.,  Esq.,  42,  Poultry,  London. 

Birmingham,  Mr.  W. ,  Plymouth.     (Two  copies.) 

Britton,  P.  \V.   P.,  Esq.,  F.S.A.,  Bitton  House,  Enrield. 

Boase,  Rev.    C.  W.   (the  late),  Exeter  College,  Oxford. 

Bonython,  J.   L.,  Esq.,  J. P.,  Adelaide,  South  Australia. 

Broaclmead,  W.   B.,  Esq.,  Enmore  Castle,  Bridgwater. 

Bulwer,  Col.  L. ,  Quebec  House,   E    Dereham,  Norfolk. 

Brushfield,  T.  N.,  Esq.,  M.D.,  The  Clirf,  Budleigh-Salterton,  Devon. 

Bruton,  D.   Yeo,   Esq.,  Stone  House,  Healhfield,  Sussex.     (Two  copies.) 

Burnard,   Robert,   Esq.,   3,  Hillsborough,    Plymouth. 

Chafy,  Rev.  W.   K.  W.   C.,  D.D.,  Rons  Lench  Court,   Evesham. 

Carkeet,  W. ,  Esq.,  64,  Watling  Street,   London. 

Gaunter,  W.  A.,  Esq.,   15,   Bedford  Circus,  Exeter. 

Clark,  Geo.  T.,  Esq.,  Taly-Garn,   Pontyclown,  Glamorgan. 

Clements,  H.  J.   B. ,  Esq.,   Killadoon,  Celbridge,  Co.    Kildare. 

Colby,  Rev.   F.  T.,  D.D.,  12,  Hillsborough  Terrace,  Ilfracombe. 

Cole,  C.   F.,  Esq.,  Flintfield,  Warlingham,  Surrey. 

Cokayne,  G.   E. ,  Esq.  (Clarenceux),  College  of  Arms,  London. 

Churchward,  F.,   Esq.,  Clarendon  House,  Granville  Park,  Blackheath,  London; 

and  Hill  House,  Stoke  Gabriel,  Devon. 
Commin,  Mr.  James  G.,  230,  High  Street,  Exeter. 
Cust,  Lady  E.,   13,  Eccleston  Square,  London. 
Drake,  A.  J.,   Esq.,  Stratford,   Essex. 

Drake,   II.,  Esq.,  23,  Upper  Phillimore  Gardens,  London. 
Drake,  Sir  Wm. ,    12,  Prince's  Gardens,  London. 
Drake,  W.  H.,  Esq.,  Maison  clii  Coin,  St.   Bulades,  Jersey. 
Dredge,  J.  I.,  Esq.,  Buckland   Brewer,  Bideford. 
Downing,  W.,  Esq.,  Alton,  near  Birmingham.     (Two  copies.) 


xiv  LIST    OF    SUBSCRIBERS. 

Eland,  Mr.  Henry  S.,  Exeter.     (Two  copies.) 

Finch,  Rev.  W.,  The  Monks,  Chaddesley  Corbett,  Kidderminster.     (Two  copies.) 

Fisher,  E.,   Esq.,   F.S.A.   (Scot.),  Abbotsbury,  Newton  Abbot. 

Fry,  E.  A.,  Esq.,   172,  Edmund  Street,  Birmingham. 

Gatty,  A.  S.,  Esq.  (York  Herald),  College  of  Arms,  London. 

Granville,  Rev.   R.,  The  Rectory,  Bideford. 

Gray,  Mr.   H.,  47,  Leicester  Square,  London.     (Two  copies.) 

George's  Sons,  Messrs.  Wm.,  Bristol. 

Gibbs,  A.,   Esq.,  Tyntesfield,  near  Bristol. 

Gibbs,  H.  M.,  Esq.,  Barrom  Court,  Flax  Bourton,  R.S.O.,  Somerset. 

Gibbs,  Rev.   K.   F.,  Aldenham  Vicarage,  near  Elstree,  Herts. 

Gilbert,  W.  K.,  Esq.,  6,  Dowgate  Hill,  London. 

Gidley,  G.,   Esq.,   17,  Saltash  Street,  Plymouth. 

Godwin,  J.  G.,  Esq.,  83,  Eccleston  Square,  Pimlico,  London. 

Gould,  Rev.  S.   B.,  Lew  Trenchard,  N.  Devon. 

Hawkesbury,  Lord,  2,  Carlton  House  Terrace,  London. 

Hamlyn,  J.,  Esq.,  Toll  Marsh,  Buckfastleigh. 

Hamlyn,  W. ,   Esq.,   Buckfastleigh. 

Hayne,  Rt.  Hon.  Col.  C.  S.,  M.P.,  6,  Upper  Belgrave  Street,  London. 

Hems,  H.,   Esq.,  Fair  Park,  Exeter. 

Holcombe,  W.,  Esq.,  30,  Orchard  Street,   Portman  Square,  London. 

Horniman,  F.  J.,  Esq.,  M. P.,  Surrey  Mount,  Forest  Hill,  London. 

Hovenden,  R.,  Esq.,  F.S.A.,  Heathcote  Park  Hill  Road,  Croydon. 

Hughes,  H.  R.,  Esq.,  Kinmel  Park,  Abergele. 

Hurrell,  J.  S.,  Esq.,  The  Manor  House,   Kingsbridge. 

Lindsay,  W.  A.,   Esq.   (Windsor  Herald),  College  of  Arms,  London. 

Liverpool  Athenaeum,  Liverpool. 

London,  Right  Rev.  the  Lord  Bishop  of,  Fulham  Palace,  London.     (Two  copies.) 

Mallock,  R.,  Esq.,  Cockington  Court,  near  Torquay. 

Masland,  W.,  Esq.,  31,  Fore  Street,  Tiverton. 

McDowall,  S.  S.,  Esq.,  54,  St.  James  Street,  London. 

Mowbray,  Rt.  Hon.  Sir  John  R.,   Bart.,  M.P.,  Warrennes  Wood,  Mortimer,  Berks. 

New  England  Historic  Genealogical  Society,  Boston,  U.S.A. 

Nettleship,  Mrs.  K.,  5,  Wimpole  Street,  London. 

Nicholls,  G.  J.,  Esq.,  Barrister-at-Law,  Bengal  Civil  Service,  Teekenning, 

Cornwall. 

Nicholls,  H.  Millett,  Esq.,  Culverlands,  Shedfield,  Botley,  Hants. 
North  Devon  Alhenseum,  Barnstaple. 
Northmore,  John,  Esq.  (of  Cleve). 
Oliver,  V.  L.,  Esq.,  Whitmore  Lodge,  Suminghill. 
Penzance  Library,  Penzance,  Cornwall. 

Periam,  H.  W.,  Esq.,  Blossomfield,  Solihull,  near  Birmingham. 
Peek,  C.   E.,  Esq.,   Rousdon,  Lyme  Regis. 
Rattenbury,  B.,  Esq.,  Charlottetown,  P.E.I.,  Canada. 
Rawle,  E.  J.,  Esq.,   10,  Colville  Terrace,   Bayswater,  London. 
Roddy,  John  Jordan,   10,  Rahere  Street,  London. 
Rowe,  J.   B.,  Esq.,  F.S.A.,  Castle  Barbican,  Plympton,  S.   Devon. 
Spalding,  Dr.  J.  A.,  627,  Congress  Street,   Portland,  Maine. 


LIST    OF    SUBSCRIBERS. 

Sillifant,  A.  O.,   Esq.,  Coombe,  Copplestone,  N.   Devon. 

Stevens,  Mr.  B.   F.,  4,  Trafalgar  Square,  London. 

Scribner's  Sons,  Messrs.  C.,  St.   Dunstan's  House,  Fetter  Lane,  London. 

Smith,  Tom  C.,  Esq.,  F.R.H.S.,  Longridge,  near  Preston. 

Tremayne,  Hon.  Mrs.,  Heligan,  St.  Austell,  Cornwall. 

Troup,  Mrs.  J.   R.,  Rockbeare  House,  near  Exeter. 

Venn,  Dr.  J.,  Caius  College,  Cambridge. 

Waldron,  C.,   Esq.,  Llandaff,  S.  Wales. 

Wreford,  G.,   Esq.,  Prestonbury,  Clapham  Park,  London. 

Wrey,  Miss  F.,  Tawstock  Court,   Barnstaple. 

Wise,  Major  L.  A.  (of  Clayton),  Watts  House,  Bishop's  Lydeard,  Taunton. 

White,  T.  J.,  Esq.,  59,  Bryanston  Street,  London. 

Woods,  Sir  Albert  W.   (Garter),  College  of  Anns    London. 


AUTHOR'S    LIST. 


Britton,  A.   H.,   Esq.  (Somerset  House). 

Cutcliff,  G.,  Esq. 

Fox,  Miss  Rita. 

Pyke-Nott,  J.  N.,  Esq.  (of  Bydown). 


DEVONSHIRE  WILLS 


WILLS  PROVED,  AND  ADMINISTRATIONS 

GRANTED,  IN  THE  COURT  OF  THE 

ARCHDEACONRY  OF  EXETER. 


1546.  Abstract  of  the  Last  Will  of  Elys  Venman,  of 
Sampford  Peverell.  Mentions  wife  Katherine  and  daughter 
Agnes.  Appoints  John  Venman  and  Richard  Sawnder  Over- 
seers. Wife  Executor. 

Dated  loth  Dec.,  1546.     Proved,  1546. 


1546.  Thomas  Hill,  of  "twyvordton"  (Tiverton),  1 5th  Oct., 
1546,  desires  to  be  buried  in  St.  Peter's  Church  Yard  there,  and 
gives  to  "  my  ghostly  father,  Sir  Edmund  Tuckheye,"  a  small 
bequest. 

Thomas  Cole,  mentioned  as  Town  Clerk. 

Proved,  i8th  Oct.,  1546. 

NOTE.—"  Hill  "  of  Tiverton. 

At  the  commencement  of  the  Parliamentary  rebellion,  one  William 
Hill,    of    Tiverton,    heard   that   the   soldiers   were   demolishing   what 
Queen  Elizabeth's  "visitors"  had  left  of  the  stately  burial  chapel  of 
the  Earls  of  Devon,  in  the  Parish  Church.     William  considered  that  he 
might  as  well  have  a  share  of  the  plunder,  but  found  that  everything 
had  been  pretty  well  cleared  away  before  his  arrival,  with  the  exception 
of  the  "Sanctus  bell,"  underneath  which  he  placed  a  ladder  in  order 
to  "annex"  it.     But  the  bell  slipped  through  his  fingers  and  cut  off 
his  toes   on    both  feet,  on   account   of  which  he  was  obliged  to  sell 
his  small  property  (a  tenement  and  garden)  in  order  to  pay  for  his  cure. 
But  he  remained  a  cripple,  and  was  ultimately  found  dead  in  a  ditch 
in  the  parish  of  East  Anstey. 
2 


2  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1 546.  The  last  will  of  John  Quicke,  of  "  Sent  Ceris  Newton  " 
(Newton  St.  Cyres),  I4th  Sept.,  1546.  Bequest  "To  the  Store 
of  St.  Cire.  Small  bequest  to  his  "  ladde  "  George  Kensbye. 
Residue  to  Margery,  his  wife,  who  is  sole  Executrix. 

Proved  22nd  Oct.,  1546. 

NOTE. — "  Quicke  "  of  Newton  St.  Cyres. 

According  to  Sir  Bernard  Burke,  the  Quickes  have  only  been  settled 
at  Newton  St.  Cyres  since  1591,  when  they  are  said  to  have  migrated 
from  West  Monkton,  Co.  Somerset.  That  they  were  here  earlier  than 
the  end  of  the  sixteenth  century  is  shown  by  the  above  Will. 

"The  Store  of  Sent  Ceris."  In  old  parish  accounts  mention  is 
frequently  made  of  various  "  stores  "  in  connection  with  the  Church  ; 
they  were  under  the  care  of  wardens  of  fraternities,  called  after  some 
Saint,  who  raised  money  for  various  parochial  purposes,  and  accounted 
for  the  sums  they  collected  to  the  parish  wardens  annually. 

Newton  Church  was  dedicated  to  St.  Ciricius,  properly  Quiricus,  an 
infant  Martyr  of  Tarsus,  A.D.  304. 

The  Earl  of  Iddesleigh  derives  his  second  title,  Viscount  St.  Cyres, 
from  this  parish,  in  which  his  ancestors  at  one  time  resided. 


1547.  Henry  Marvvood,  of  Halberton.  In  the  name  of  the 
father,  the  sonne  and  the  holy  Gooste,  three  persons  and  one  God 
and  lyke  power,  so  be  yt- — The  twentye  daye  of  June  yn  the 
seven  and  thyrtye  yere  of  or  moste  trysty,  victoryous,  and 
imperyall  prynce  Henry  the  eyght  by  the  grace  of  God  of 
England,  fTrance  and  Ireland  kynge  and  in  erthe  the  supreme 
hedde  next  under  god  of  the  spyritualtye  and  temporalte  w'  in 
hys  graces  seyde  domynyons  ;  I  Henrye  Marwood  of  Lyncolnes 
in,  touched  vvl  the  handes  of  God,  and  w'  longe  sickenesse  of 
bodye  for  my  great  and  many  offencys  vvorthely  afflicted  and 
punnyshed,  notw'hstandynge  as  one  unworthye,  havenge  my 
pfct  remembrance,  thanks  be  to  God,  do  make  and  order  thys 
my  last  will  and  testament  of  my  sowle,  bodye,  and  goods  as 
hereafter  esunthe.  ffyrst  and  chefflye  I  most  wretchyd  synner 
beynge  penytent,  and  sorye  for  my  sayde  ofTencys,  do  humblye 
comyt  and  bequeathe  my  sowle  unto  Allmythye  god  as  unto 
my  maker,  to  Jesus  Cryste  hys  onlye  Sonne  borne  of  the  Vyrgyn 
Marye,  as  unto  my  redemer,  and  unto  the  holy  gooste  as  to  my 
co'forter.  Unto  them  thre  as  unto  one  god  y"  whome  I 
perfctlye  belyfe,  and  have  a  lyvelye  fay  the  and  costant  hope  that 
throwghe  the  merytes  of  Crysts  passyon  hys  bludde  beynge 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  3 

plentyfullye  shedde  on  the  crosse  for  me  and  all  mankynde,  I 
shall  surelye  and  vv'  owte  my  debts  enheryte  the  kyngdom  of 
heven  and  throwghe  hym  receve  my  salvatyon  accordynge  as 
he  hathe  promysed  yn  hys  gospell,  and  not  throwghe  anye  deserts 
or  woorks  of  myne  vver  they  never  so  manye  or  so  good,  as  they 
are  both  few  and  vassie,  ne  bye  any  other  worlye  meanes  but 
only  by  Jesus  Cryste  beynge  the  pfyt  waye  throwghe,  and  lyfe 
unto  salvacyn.  Secondarylye,  as  by  the  Create,  all  thyngs,  my 
bodye  was  formyd  and  made  of  the  slyme  of  the  erthe,  borne 
and  browghte  ynto  thys  vale  of  myserie  yn  wrechydnes  and 
synne,  so  I  geve  and  comyt  my  sayde  bodye  yn  erthe  to 
remayne,  untyll  the  blyseyd  comynge  of  Cryste  my  redemer, 
and  then  from  thens  to  ryse  agayne  and  to  receyve  his  mrcyfull 
jugement  bothe  yn  bodye  and  sowle.  I  wyll  farther,  that  my 
sayde  bodye  be  browght  y"  the  erthe  wh  as  small  charges  as 
may  be  convenyentlye,  nether  wythe  ryngynge,  pypynge,  ne 
syngynge,  nether  wythe  any  other  maner  of  crymony,  but  only 
wh  the  styll  prayer  of  devout  psons,  and  a  sarmon  the  daye  of 
my  buryall  to  be  made  and  preachyd  for  the  edyfyenge  of  suche 
as  shall  be  there  present,  by  sum  Catholycke  and  lernyd  pson  ; 
the  sayde  srmoner  to  have  of  my  executryxe  for  hys  stypent  or 
wages  syxe  shyllyngs  and  eghtypens  ;  not  yntendyngne  herebye 
to  dysalowe  or  neclecte  the  sayde  ceremonyes,  but  accomptynge 
the  other  to  be  better  and  more  acceptable,  both  for  my  sowle, 
and  also  for  the  edyfyenge,  and  fedyng  of  Crysts  flocke,  wythe 
the  worde  of  god  whyche  ys  the  hevenlye  ffoode  of  the  sowle, 
and  the  chyfe  setterfourthe  of  the  glorye  of  god,  whyche  I,  and 
all  other  hys  servants,  ofte  cheflye  to  seke  and  folowe,  and  no 
other  pompe  ne  glorye  of  thys  world  to  accept  or  use,  for  y'  ys 
all  vayne,  and  shall  vanyshe  and  wither  awaye  as  dothe  the 
flowre.  Also  I  wyll  that  my  Executryx  shall  geve  and  dyspose 
syxe  shillings  and  eight-pens  to  the  powrest  of  the  people  beynge 
present  at  my  buryall.  Thyrdlye,  and  last,  I  geve  and  bequeythe 
my  goods  to  the  wordly,  that  ys  to  saye  I  geve  to  my  good 
mother,  a  rynge  of  golde  w*  a  turkes  set  theren,  and  also  I  geve 
her  another  rynge  of  golde  callyd  a  hoope  of  golde.  I  geve  also 
unto  my  brother  John  Marwood,  my  best  gowne — unto  my 
brother  Barnard  Marwood,  my  second  gowne — to  Mr.  Peter 
Osborne,  my  bedfellowe  and  specyall  frynde,  my  sealynge  rynge 


4  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

of  golde,  whervvythe  I  have  sealyd  this  my  last  wyll.  I  geve 
also  to  Master  Peter  Browne  my  daggar  trymed  \vh  sylvr ,  and 
unto  hys  vvyfe,  a  rynge  of  goolde  \vh  a  whyte  hedde  sett  theron 
called  a  came  stone;  and  a  cussynge  wh  the  armes  of  mine 
Auncestres  wrovvght  wh  corell  and  sylke.  I  geve  also  to  Master 
Thomas  Poules  wyfe,  my  other  cussynge  w'  armes  wrowght  yn 
lyke  wyse  \vl  corell  and  sylke.  I  allso  geve  to  Master  Thomas 
Waller  a  rynge  of  golde  wl  a  blewe  saver  sett  theron.  The 
rest  of  all  my  goods  I  geve  to  Mastris  Johan  Marwood  my 
mother  whome  I  ordayne  and  make  my  executryx,  she  therewth 
to  content  and  pay  my  debtys  as  far  as  theye  shall  extende,  and 
yf  my  sayde  goods  shall  not  suffyce  to  paye  my  sayde  debtys, 
I  wyll  that  my  next  heyre,  to  whome  my  lands  shall  dessende, 
shall  cotent  and  paye  the  rest  of  all  my  debts.  Fynally,  I  shall 
most  hertelye  desyre  all  such  as  I  have  offendyd  charytablelye 
to  forgive  me  my  offencys,  and  wrongs  comyttyd  agenst  them  ; 
and  frelye  I  forgeve  them  and  all  other,  endyng  my  lyfe  yn 
pfyt  faythe,  constant  hope,  and  godlye  charyte.  Thus  I  comyt 
agayne  my  sowle  ynto  the  hands  of  Allmyghtye  God,  to  whom 
be  all  honor,  glory  and  impery  world  w*out  end  Amen.  In 
wytnesse  thys  to  be  my  last  wyll  I  have  wrote  hyt  w'  my  hand, 
w'out  entirlynynge,  blottynge,  or  rasynge  thereof,  subscrybed 
my  name  and  sett  to  my  scale,  the  day  and  yere  above  wryten 

p  me  Henery  Marwood. 
Administration  granted  I3th  Sept.,  1547. 

NOTE.— The  above  interesting  Will  is  an  exact  copy  of  the  document, 
as  collated,  in  an  old  book  of  the  Archdeaconry,  page  45.  The  original, 
in  testator's  "own  hand"  has  disappeared.  It  is  the  more  important,  as  it 
is  not  referred  to  in  the  account  of  the  Marwood  family,  "  Genealogist," 
N.S.  Vols.  I.  II.— which  deals  chiefly  with  Dr.  Thomas  Marwood, 
Physician  to  Queen  Elizabeth,  and  his  descendants,  one  of  whom,  his 
grandson,  Thomas  Marwood,  attended  James  I.  in  his  last  illness,  of 
which  he  left  a  MS.  account,  in  Latin,  and  which  has  been  recently 
printed.  Testator  appears  to  have  been  a  great  uncle  of  Dr.  Thomas 
Marwood  the  elder,  who  died  1617,  aged  105  years.  Testator's 
mother,  "Johan,"  was  the  daughter  of  Humphry  Courtenay  of  Bickley, 
by  his  wife  Elizabeth  Pomeroy  of  Berry. 

Arms  of  Marwood.  Gu.  a  chevron  Arg.  between  three  goats'  heads 
erased  Ermine. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  5 

1547.     The  Last  Will  of  Edmond  Sherlond. 

He  bequeaths  his  soul  to  God,  and  his  body  to  be  buried 
within  the  yle  of  our  Ladye  in  "  my  parish  of  Wasshefylde" 
(Washfield)  paying  for  the  same  6s.  8d.  Alsoe  to  Mr.  Parson 
Worthe  "  pro  decimis  "  xxd.  Item  to  my  ghostly  father  Wm. 
Williams  to  pray  for  me  xiid.  To  Thomas  Scholond  the  Clerke 
xiid.  Executor  Son  John  Sherlond.  Witnesses,  William 
Williams,  Pryst,  Mr,  Symon  Worthe.  Overseers,  Mr.  Symon 
Worthe  and  John  Casswyll. 

Proved  I7th  June,  1547. 

NOTE.— Symon  Worthe  of  Worth  was  the  Squire  of  the  Parish. 
"  Mr.  Parson  Worlhe "  was  his  brother  Richard,  who  probably  died 
about  1547.  His  will  is  dated  that  year.  William  Williams  "Pryst" 
may  have  been  the  Curate,  but  John  Castlyn  was  instituted  to 
Washfield  Rectory,  then  "certo  modo  vacantem  "  2%th  Aug.  1554. 
No  institution  has  been  found  between  Castlyn  and  Richard  Worthe. 


1548.  The  Last  Will  of  Eliza  Toker,  "Widow  Woman  of  the 
parish  of  Bradninch."  Her  body  to  be  buried  in  Churchyard 
of  Bradninch.  She  leaves  her  goods  "  moveable  and  im- 
moveable "  to  her  "natural  daughter"  Johan  Toker,  who  is 
Sole  Executrix. 

Dated    I2th    May.       Proved    2nd    June,    1548. 

Sum       io  i  is.  6d. 


1549.     The  Last  Will  of  Robert  Toker  of  Awtrie  St.  Marie. 
He   commends   his   body    to    Holy    Grave. 
Item    to  Sister  Alys  Tawse,  "a  purse  with  four  tassels." 
Item    to    John    Facie     -/I2,    to     Elizabeth     Seaward     -/I2. 
Residue   to   John    Tawse,  "to    bestow  for  the  wealth  of  my 
Soul,  as  he  thinks  most  best." 

Dated  22nd   Nov.,   1548.     Proved   I7th  April,   1549. 
Sum  £$   135.  4d. 


1549.  Administration    to    the    Will    of    William     Drake   of 
Rewe,  granted  to   Margery  his  wife  and   Executrix. 
1 2th  Oct.,   1549. 


6  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1577.    Henery  Hamlyn  of  St.  Thomas,  Exeter,  7th  Aug.,  1567. 

He  leaves  John  Peter  twenty  nobles.  To  God-children 
/4d.  each.  To  John  Jordeyne  "my  cassock."  Half  of  the 
residue  to  Richard  Holman  and  Joan,  my  daughter,  his  wife. 
The  other  half  to  wife  Alice  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Brother  Symon  Hamlyn  and  Cousin  John  Hamlyn  Overseers. 

Witnesses,  Richard   Holman  and  Richard  Harte. 

Proved   I9th  May,   1577. 


1583.  The  last  Will  of  Francis  Ffugars,  of  Bampton, 
Husbandman.  I3th  April,  1583.  To  poor  of  the  said  parish^ 
a  sack  of  rye,  and  to  each  of  his  three  servants  /I2d.  each. 

To  daughter  Christian,  20  marks,  to  Godsons,  /I2d.  each. 

To  Brother,  James  ffugars,  Best  Cloak.  Residue  to  wife, 
Michel  1,  who  is  Sole  Executrix.  Supervisors,  Father-in-law 
Michael  Burston,  James  Fugars,  Harry  Hill  and  Wm.  Comer. 
"  Whereas  my  wife  is  now  with  Child,  my  will  is  that  his  name 
be  put  in  upon  my  bargain  if  he  be  a  man  child,  but  if  it  be  a 
daughter  I  leave  it  to  discretion  of  my  Executrix.  Testator  was 
indebted  in  the  sum  of  £5  IQS.  8d.  to  his  brother,  Humfrie 
ffugars. 

Proved  I5th  May,  1583. 


1583.  The  last  Will  of  Elyen  Connaunte  of  Collenton  Raw- 
lighe,  in  the  County  of  Devon,  Widow,  2Oth  Feb.,  25th  Elizb. 
To  the  four  Children  of  Son-in-law  John  Kinge,  "  one  whether 
sheep  each."  To  Jane,  dau.  of  said  John  Kinge,  one  pewter  dish. 

To  Johan,  dau.  of  John  Bocher,  "  my  best  kercher." 

To  Margaret,  dau.  of  James  Eliott,  one  petticoat.  To  Thomas 
Hidon  the  younger  -/6. 

Residue  to  dau.  Elizabeth,  who  is  sole  executrix.  Overseers, 
Robert  Ballemont  and  Thomas  Hidon,  who  witness  the  will. 
Amongst  the  debts,  she  owes  "my  Lady  Dennys"  i6s.  8d., 
John  Connaute  45.  8d. 

Proved  5th  April,  1583. 

The  Conants,  now  of  the  United  States,  are  said  to  have  originated 
m  Prance;  they  settled  in  the  district  around  Sidmouth,  and  produced 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  7 

many  scholars  and  beneficed  clergymen.     John  Conant,  born  at  Bicton, 
1608,  was  Rector  of  Exeter  College,  Oxford. 

"  Lady  Dennys "  was  the  wife  of  Robert  Dennis,  the  owner  of 
Bicton  aforesaid,  and  patron  of  its  church;  he  died  1592.  He  married 
twice — ist,  Mary,  daughter  of  Walter,  Lord  Mount-Joy  ;  2nd,  Margaret, 
daughter  and  heiress  of  Sir  Wm.  Godolphin  ;  the  latter  survived  him. 


1585      Administration  to  the  Effects  of  Roger  Connett  late 
of  Whimple  deceased,  granted  to  Joan   his   wife   3 1st    March, 

1585. 

James  Brodbeare  joins  the  bond. 
Sum  £16  55.  4<i. 


1585.  The  last  Will  of  Joane  Conett  of  Christowe,  Widow, 
2/th  May,  1583. 

To  Son,  Robert  Lendon,  "  a  panne  of  fower  gallons,  a 
hoggeshead  &  the  biggest  eared  tubbe."  To  Margaret,  dau. 
of  Robert  Lendon,  "  one  tynnen  podger." 

To  Son,  John  Connett,  one  brasen  crocke,  a  panne  of  three 
gallons  and  a  tynnen  platter  &  a  redde  peticote. 

Residue  to  Son  Richard  Lendon  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses,  Clirist  Townesente,  John  Synone,  and  John 
Taverner. 

Proved  i;th  April,  1585. 

Sum  £4  175.  2d. 


1585-6.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Mountstephen  of  Cadlighe, 
23rd  Feb.,  28th  Elizabeth.  He  makes  his  four  Sisters,  Cislie, 
Joan,  Marie,  &  Margaret  universal  legatees  and  Sole  Exor?. 

In  presence  of  Win.  Norcott  parson  of  Cadlighe,  and  John 
Geare,  with  others.  Proved  1586. 

NOTE  — The  Mountstephens  were  originally  of  Northampton.  The 
Devonshire  branch  resided  chiefly  at  Collumpton,  and  at  Heavitree, 
near  Exeter,  where  their  names  are  found  in  the  Parish  Registers. 


8  DEVONSHIRE 

1586.  2ist  June,  1586.  The  Will  of  John  Connaute  of  Git- 
tisham.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in  the  parish  Church.  He 
gives  to  Nicholas,  his  son,  his  Cupboard.  To  John,  his  son,  his 
Table-board.  To  Matthew,  his  son,  a  bed.  Residue  to  his  wife 
Mary,  who  is  sole  Executrix. 

Amongst  the  "debts  owing"  there  is  mention  of  a  debt  due 
from  "  one  that  dwelleth  at  Lynge  who  married  the  widowe 
Venn's  daughter,  of  Larkbeare,  whose  name  the  Testator 
remembered  not." 

Proved  2Oth  Sept.,  1586. 


1586.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Kyllande  of  South  Tawton, 
Yeoman,  Qth  Oct.,  28th  Elizb.  He  desires  to  be  buried  at  South 
Tawton,  and  leaves  to  the  poor  men's  box  "  one  sheepe."  To 
Wife,  Margaret,  £20.  To  Son  John,  I  heiffer.  To  Son  William, 
£5.  To  Son  Mark,  £5.  To  "  four  youngest  Children,  Francis, 
Walter,  Elmon,  &  Isett,"  £5  each  at  21.  To  Walter  &  Richard, 
Children  of  John  Canne,  "  a  Sheep  apeece." 

"  My  Executor  to  find  meat  &  drink  sufficient  for  their  degree 
for  Margaret  my  wife  &  my  four  youngest  Children,  for  twelve 
months  after  my  decease." 

Residue  to  Son  Gregory,  who  is  Sole  Exor.  Overseers,  John 
Canne  and  Wm.  Borne. 

Proved  9th  Nov.,   1586. 

Sum  £46  75. 

NOTE  — Now  spelt  Kelland.  An  old  yeoman  family  long  identified 
with  the  parish  of  Lapford,  and  assumed  to  be  of  the  same  stock  as 
"  Kelbnd"  of  Paynsford,  near  Totnes. 


1588.     Admon.  to  Effects  of  Robert  Mt.Steven  of  Payhem- 
bury.     Granted    loth  April,    1588,  to   Alice,  his  wife. 
Sum  £13   193.  4d. 


1586.     Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Eveleighe,  Esqr., 
of  Clist  St.   Lawrence,  Intestate.     Granted  to  Joan   his  relict. 


DEVONSH1KE     WILLS.  9 

George  Eveleighe  his  Son  and  Robert  Connante  of  Bovey  Tracy 
join  the  bond,  £40. 
Granted  1586. 

NOTE. — This  family  were  of  Eveleigh,  in  Broad  Clist.  Several  of 
them  were  Fellows  of  Exeter  College,  Oxford.  Dr.  John  Eveleigh 
was  Provost  of  Oriel;  born  at  Totnes ;  died  1814. 


1592.  The  last  Will  of  Nicholas  Tooker  of  Upton  Pyne, 
3Oth  Oct.,  24th  Elizabeth.  To  the  poor  2O/-  and  to  those  of 
Newton  St.  Cyres  and  Kirton,  Shobbrooke  and  Thorverton, 
similar  bequests.  To  Brother  William  ^3.  To  Cousin  William, 
John  Tooker's  Son  £20.  Bequest  to  each  of  my  Cousin 
Christopher  Sergun's  Children.  To  Brother  Thomas  Tooker  4/- 
and  "  my  best  cloak,  hat  and  doublett."  Also  bequests  to  Brother 
William's  wife,  to  Cousin's  Son  Walter  Halles,  and  to  Sister 
Caroline's  Son,  Richard  Pooke.  Residue  to  Mother,  Joane 
Tooker,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  Thos.  and  Wm.  Tooker. 

Proved  ist  Dec.,  1592. 

1 592.  The  last  Will  of  Christopher  Tooker.  He  desires  to 
be  buried  in  the  Parish  Churchyard  of  Throwley,  and  "  although 
sicke  of  bodye,  yet  hole  of  memory,"  &c.  gives  to  daughter  Erne 
her  mother's  best  gowne,  the  sylvern  hookes  and  one  measure 
of  tynning-  vessell.  To  daughter  Johane,  the  great  brazen  crocke. 
To  daughter  Margaret,  a  similar  bequest.  To  son  James,  "my 
best  brazen  home  and  my  best  ewere."  To  servant,  George 
Venycombe,  a  doublet  and  grey  jerkyn,  a  pair  of  leathern 
drawers,  and  second  best  hatte.  Residue  to  wife  Anne,  who 
is  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  6th  Aug.,  34th   Elizb.      Proved  4th  Oct.,   1592. 

Sum  £16  155.  4d. 


1604.  The  last  Will  of  Alice  Peeter  of  ye  cittie  of  Exeter, 
widow,  4th  June,  1604.  To  Son  Humfrie  Peeter  and  his  heirs  an 
annuity  issuing  out  of  a  tenement  in  the  Parish  of  St.  Paul, 


io  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Exeter,  for  ever.  Legacies,  to  daughter,  Alice  Keridge  wife  of 
Thomas  K.  to  be  paid  by  Son,  George  Peeter.  To  dau. 
Welthian  Tucker,  To  daughter  Joyse  Browning,  To  Son  Morice 
Peeter,  to  Cousin  Bridgett  Watts,  to  said  George  Peeter's  children, 
To  Son  Thomas  Peeter,  To  Cozen  Samuel  Tucker,  to  Son 
Valentine  Tucker  (her  Son-in-law)  who  has  also  six  silver 
spoons,  a  pair  of  great  andirons  "  which  be  in  his  fore  chamber 
at  ye  new  Ine." 

Exor.  Humfrie  Peeter.  Overseers,  Sons-in-law  Valentine 
Tucker  and  Thomas  Keridge. 

"Allc  Peeter." 

"Concordat  cum  testamento  penes  Registrarii  remanente. 
Jaeperus  Bridgeman  registrarius  Archidiaconi  Exonicnsis 
testatur." 

(From  Copy  at  Exeter  Guildhall.) 

NOTE.— She  would  seem  to  have  been  the  widow  of  William  (fourth 
son  of  John  Peter,  Mayor  of  Exeter,  1557  ;  died  1579),  descended  from 
a  brother  of  John  Petre  of  Tor-Newton,  ancestor  of  Lord  Petre. 


1606.  •  The  Last  Will  of  George  Gib,  of  Clyst  St.  George. 

In  the  Name  of  God,  Emanuel,  Amen.     I,  George  Gib,  &c. 

To  Sixe  of  the  poorer  sorte  of  the  parishe,  iijd.  To  John  Gib, 
the  elder  (his  son  by  Welthean  (Gwenllian  ?),  his  first  wife), 
one  table  borde  in  the  hall,  his  greatest  brasen  crocke,  his 
Brewing  Panne,  and  his  Cricking  bute,  "  which  things  I  was 
willed  by  my  father  to  leave  unto  my  eldest  sonne." 

To  Catherine,  his  daughter,  £20,  one  worsted  kirtle,  a  pair  of 
Silver  Hooks,  and  one  Silver  Pinne. 

To  Edward,  George,  and  John,  the  younger,  his  sons,  £8 
each.  To  Andrewe,  his  son,  .£10,  to  be  paid  to  Andrewe 
Levering,  his  brother-in-law,  and  John  Gib,  the  elder,  his 
son,  to  be  employed  for  him  in  some  lawful  and  honest 
sorte. 

To  his  Godchildren  iiijd.  apiece,  except  George  Gib,  his  son's 
son,  to  whom  he  gives  "  a  yeo  lamb  at  weyninge  time." 

The  residue  to  Marie,  his  wief  (his  second  wife),  whom  he 
makes  his  Whole  and  Sole  Executrix. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  u 

Witnesses,  Edward  Osborne,  Andrewe  Loveringe,  and  John 
Gib. 

Overseers, 'Ed ward  Osborne,  Andrewe  Loveringe,  and  William 
Gib. 

Will  dated  24th  of  February,   1605/6. 

Proved  2pth  August,  1606. 

NOTE.— George  Gibbe  was  buried  at  Clyst  St.  George,  August 
251!),  1606. 


1606.  The  last  Will  of  Elizabeth  Mortymer  of  Tedburn 
St.  Mary,  widow.  Bequests  of  Clothes,  furniture,  or  sheep, 
to  Son  William  and  his  wife  Margery,  and  their  "  children." 
To  daughter  Thomasine,  Cousins  Elizabeth  and  "Mock"(?)  and 
to  Thomas  and  Jone  French. 

To  cousin  Walter  Mortimer,  to  Jone  Connett  and  to  God- 
daughter Rose  "  Temlett "  (Tremlett  ?).  The  last  has  "  a 
Wastcote,  a  peare  of  hose,  and  shoes." 

Residue  to  Son  John,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Two  Trustees,  viz,  James  Woodley  and  Jno.  French. 

Witnesses,  Thomas  French,  Thomasine  Wonstone,  and 
Christian  Collihole. 

Proved   iQth  Dec,  1606. 

Sum  £5    135.  Sd. 

NOTE. — JAMES  WOODLEY.  The  Woodleys  migrated  to  Ashburton, 
and  were  Lords  of  the  Manor  of  Buckland-in-the-Moor,  1593. 

Present  Representative — James  Woodley,  J.P.,  of  Halshanger, 
Ashburton. 


1609.  The  last  Will  of  Lawrence  Wreaford  of  Bickleigh, 
husbandman. 

He  gives  a  sheep  to  Mrs.  Twigge  and  a  lamb  to  John 
Twigge,  and  the  residue  to  Argent,  his  wife,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Dated   i6th  April,  1st  James.     Proved   loth  March,   1609. 

Sum  £17  9s.  4d. 


12  DEVONSHIRE     IV ILLS. 

1613.  Symon  Tucker  of  Tedburne  St.  Mary.  2Oth  Oct., 
1613.  To  be  buried  in  Church  of  St.  Mary,  Tedburne. 
Bequests  to  said  Church  and  poor.  To  Jone,  daughter  of 
Henry  Woodley,  £3  5s.  at  18  or  marriage.  To  Martha, 
daughter  of  Henry  and  Elioner  Woodley,  and  to  their  Son, 
Robert  Woodley,  at  16.  Bequest — To  Son  Thomas  "  my 
table  horse "  (Trestle  ?)  and  the  new  house  after  wife's  death. 
Bequest  to  Symon  Endell. 

Witnesses,  John  and  Richard  Endell. 

Proved   iQth  Nov.,  1613. 


1613.     The  Last  Will  of  Elizabeth  Mortimer  of   Bradridge, 
Widow,  Nuncupative. 

Bequests  to  the  poor  and  towards  reparation  of  the  Church. 
Residue  to  Henry   Hille,  her  Son,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 
Dated  and  Proved  July,   1613. 


1613.  The  last  Will,  Nuncupative,  of  Elizabeth  Mortimer 
of  Bradridge,  widow,  8th  July,  1613. 

Imprimis.  To  the  poor  of  Bradridge  and  to  the  reparacion 
of  the  Church  11/6. 

To  God-children  i/-  apiece. 

Residue  to  Henry  Hille  her  Son,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

"  Money  oweynge  to  John  Hille  303/4." 

Proved  July,   1613. 


1618.     Administration  to  the  Effects  of  Henry  Mortimer  of 
Rewe.     Granted  to  Wm.  Mortimer  of  Torrington,  Yeoman. 
1 2th  May,  1618. 
Sum  £51    is.  6d. 


1617.  William  Osmond  of  Kcntisbeare.  Sept.  24th,  1617. 
To  Son  Samuel  £50.  To  dau.  Thomasine  Palmer  £5.  To 
Edward  and  Nicholas  Sons  of  Samuel  Osmond  io/-.  To 
Agnes  wife  of  said  Samuel  io/-.  To  daughter  Isot  Butstone, 
40/-.  To  Anne  and  Wilmot  Palmer  5/-  each.  To  Anstice 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  13 

Osmond,  dau.  of  Thomasine  Palmer,  io/-.  To  Agnes  wife  of 
Thomas  Symons  3O/-.  To  Thomas  son  of  said  Thomas 
Symons  io/-.  To  Thomasine  wife  of  Richard  Osmond  -/I2. 
To  John  Salter  the  younger  -/6.  To  poor  of  Kentisbeare 
3/4.  To  Kentisbeare  Church  -/2O. 

Robert   Osmond,    Sole    Exor. 

Two  rulers,  viz.  :  Ralfe  Merson  and  John  Salter  with  i/- 
each. 

Proved    iQth    March,    1617. 

Sum    £19    i /s. 


1617.     Thomas    Wreyforde     of     Exeter     "Taillor"     makes 
Gregory    Soper,   universal    Legatee  and    Sole  Executor. 
Overseer,  George  Trente. 
Dated  March  2Oth,   1616.     Proved  29th  April,   1617. 


1617.     John    Osmunde    of   Kentisbeare.      Sept.    2ist,    1616. 
He  leaves  small  bequests  to  the  Church  and  to  the  poor,  and 
the  residue  to  Johane  his  wife,  who  is  Sole  Executrix.      Two 
Overseers,  "  my  eldest  son,  George  Osmunde  of  Uffculme  and 
my  youngest  son,  John  Osmunde  of  Tiverton." 
Witnesses,  Robert  Bishoppe, 
Saml.  James, 
Thomas  Bussell. 
Proved  2nd  July,  1617. 


1618.  Henry  Osmond  of  Sampford  Peverell,  i8th  June, 
1618.  To  brother  Roger  my  wearing  apparel  "except  my 
cloak  which  is  to  be  sold  to  pay  my  funeral."  He  leaves  his 
wife  his  leasehold  dwelling  house,  determinable  on  the  lives 
of  Brother  Matthew  Osmond  and  Sister  Anstice  Rawling. 
The  goods  in  hou<-e  to  revert  to  Servant,  Elizabeth  Osmond. 

3  Trustees,  "friend"  Arthur  Hill,  and  Cousin  John  Osmond 
of  Shobrooke,  and  John  O.  Son  of  said  John. 

Witnesses,  Arthur  Hill,  Thos  Welland,  Henry  and  Matthew 
Osmond,  Richard  Saunders  and  John  Churly. 

Proved   I4th  Aug.,  1618. 

Sum  £23  5s.  4d. 


,4  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1618.     Thomas    Hamlyn  of   St.    Thomas,    Exeter,  Yeoman. 

9th  Aug.,  1618. 

To    Daughter   Mary  £50,  Son    John   £50,    Daughter    Alice 
£120,  Son  Roger  £120.     All  legacies  at  21. 

Residue  to  wife  Judith,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Mentions  "brothers"  Jentill  Venycombe  and  Roger  Hamlyn. 

Proved   i8th  Sept.,  1618. 

NOTE.— A  branch  of  the  family  of   Hamlyn  of  Widecombe-in-the- 
Moor  and  Holne.— See  Post. 


1619.     Tristram  Tucker  of  Brampford  Speke,   Husbandman. 
2nd  Jany.,  1619. 

To   eldest  daughter  "  Hebbot,"  the  bedstead  in  the  parlour. 

Residue  to  wife  Dorothy,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses  William  Flaycross,  Clerk,  Gregory  Ponsford. 

Proved  at  Exeter,   I2th  Jany.,    1619. 

Extract  from  Inventory  of  above  : — 

"Rente  laid  out  for  ground  beforehand  £4  5-s. 

Item — 2  kine  and   I  yereling  £7  5s. 

„        i   mare  and  2  foles  £12. 

„        4  flitches  of  bacon   io/-. 

„        14  yards  new  wollen  cloth. 

„        4  brass  pans,   I   cauldron  and   2  skillets. 

,,        His  dunge." 
Sum  £58   is.  4d. 

NOTE. — Flaycross  was  not  Vicar.      Tristram  Heycraft  was  collated 
to  Brampford  Speke  1609-10,  and  died  1628-9. 


1619.  Administration  of  the  Goods  of  Richard  Gibbs  of 
Clyst  St.  George  granted  to  Jane  his  widow.  Henry  Smyth 
of  Lympston  bound  with  her.  Goods  priced  by  John  Gibbe 
and  Henry  Goldsworthy,  May  25. 

Proved  May   ist,   1619. 

NOTE.— She  was  widow  of  ...  Symes  ;  manied  to  Richard 
Gibbe  at  Clyst  St.  George,  Sept.  23rd,  1601. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  15 

1619.  Ralph  Owsment  (Osmond)  of  Whimple,  29th  July, 
1619.  To  Son,  Ralph  Owsment,  my  best  suit  of  apparel. 
"  If  my  wife  marry  again  I  give  to  my  two  daughters  Anne 
and  Thomasine  half  my  household  goods." 

Residue  to  said  wife  Alice,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

No  witnesses. 

Proved  29th  Sept.,   1619. 

Sum  £11    i6s. 


1619.  The  last  Will  of  John  Tucker  of  Potcote  in  the 
parish  of  Tiverton.  He  gives  the  poor  of  the  parish  2O/- 
"  on  the  day  of  his  burial." 

He  leaves  "  each  of  my  children  "  3/4  apiece,  "  one  ewe  and 
one  sheep." 

Residue  to  wife  Katherine  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Philip  Thorbridge  and  Wm.  Hayleighe  Rulers,  John 
Fursdon  Overseer.  These  are  left  2/-  each. 

Witnesses  John  Fursdon,   Hugh  Veysey,  Richard  Tucker. 

Dated  April  2Oth,  1618.     Proved   1st  March,  1619. 

Sum  £>TJ  193.  6d. 

Inventory. 

"  Dishes,  Spoones,  Trenchers,  and  Cupps,  I/-." 
"  His    Otes,    barley  and  Barley  mault,  Wheeles,  butt  drayg, 

harrowes,     Corne  in  ground,  £4.     Haye,  io/-.     I  bullocke  and 

1  pigge>  36/-.     Duckes,  2/-." 

Item  one  deede  of  ffarme  or  purchas  £20. 

NOTE. — The  Wills  of  Ellis  Tucker,  Oct.,  1610,  and  William 
Tucker,  July,  1615,  both  of  Tiverton,  were  duly  proved,  according 
to  the  Calendars,  but  are  now  missing. 


1619.  Thomas  Mortimore  of  Tedburn  St.  Mary,  26th 
Nov.,  1619. 

He  leaves  to  the  maintenance  of  Tedburn  Church  5/-.  To 
Sons  Thomas  and  Nathaniel  4O/-  each,  at  21.  "Item — I  give 
unto  them  one  brassen  panne  contayninge  by  estimation  about 
forteene  gallandes  after  my  wife  Wilrnott's  death." 


if,  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

To  dau.  Elizabeth  and  Son  John  4O/-  each  at  21.  Residue 
to  wife  Wilmot,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Two  Trustees,  viz.  :  Wm.  May  of  Dunsford  and  Richard 
May  of  Tedbourn. 

Proved  i;th  Dec.,   1619. 

Sum  £33  8s. 

1620.  Thomas  Osmond  of  Uplowman.  To  Son  William 
all  my  apparel  "  and  after  the  decease  of  my  wyef  my  little 
caldron,  pott  hookes  and  hangings,  and  my  great  crocke." 
To  daughter  Joane,  "after  my  vvyef's  death  or  marriage,"  a 
pan  and  crocke.  Residue  to  wife  Thomasine,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved  2Oth  April,  1620. 

No  witnesses. 

Testator  was  a  weaver. 

Sum  £4  55.  2d. 


1621.  Wilmot  Osmon  of  Tiverton,  widow,  I5th  Dec.,  1621. 
There  are  small  bequests  to  the  children  of  John  Skynner, 
senr.,  of  Tiverton,  viz.,  Nicholas,  John,  Matthew,  Elizabeth, 
Mary,  Prudence,  and  Priscilla  Skynner.  To  Kinsman  Symon 
Thome,  55.  "  Item — I  give  my  "  Tanye  "  (tawny  ?)  gown  to 
my  kinswoman  Elizabeth  Cooddeney,  of  Crocombe,  widow." 

Executor,  Son-in-lnw,  John  Skynner. 

Witnesses,  John  Skynner  and  John  Puddington. 

Proved   llth  Jany.,   1621-2. 

Sum  £79  9s.  4d. 


1622.  Elizabeth  Osmond  of  Tiverton,  widow.  There  are 
bequests,  chiefly  of  household  goods,  to  Sons  Henry  and 
Thomas  Osmond,  to  Brother  John  Puddington,  to  daughter, 
Mary  Perrye,  and  to  Son  in-law,  Richard  Perrye.  To  Nephew 
Robert  Perrye,  2os.  Residue  to  said  Sons,  Thomas  and  Henry, 
who  are  Joint  Exors.  Two  Trustees,  Brother-in-law  John 
Puddington  and  John  Duckham.  These  are  the  witnesses, 
and  have  -/1 2  each. 

Dated  26th   Aug.     Proved   3rd  Oct.,   1622. 

Sum  £38   155.  8d. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  17 

1622.  The  last  Will  of  Robert  Toucker  of  Tiverton,  Hus- 
bandman. To  wife  Rabidge,  life  interest  in  all  property,  with 
reversion  to  daughter  Johane.  Dated  Dec.  ist,  1622. 

Proved  8th  Jany.,  1622  3.     Sum  £38   iis.  7d. 


1623.     The  Effects  of  Joane  Toocker  of  Tiverton   were  ad- 
ministered by  Nicholas  Tucker,  6th  March,  1623.     .£3  i6s.  rod. 


1628.  The  Effects  of  Richard  Tucker,  alias  Glover,  of  Tiver- 
ton, administered  by  John  T.,  alias  Glover,  his  Son,  who  signs 
"John  Tucker."  2ist  May,  1628. 

NOTES. — The  Will  of  John  Tucker  of  Tiverton,  proved  March,  1634, 
is  missing. 

Robert  Tucker  of  Tiverton,  by  his  Nuncupative  Will,  proved  23rd 
May,  1638,  left  small  bequests  to  his  "  eight  children,"  and  made  his 
wife,  Thomazine,  residuary  legatee  and  sole  executrix. 


1623.     Administration  to  the  Effects,  &c.,  of  John  Osmond 
of  Shobrook,  granted  to  Andrew,  his  son,  3Oth  May,   1623. 
Sum  .£127  IDS.  rod. 


1623-4.  Thomas  Osmond  of  Halberton,  Yeoman.  To  each 
of  his  Sons  55.,  and  to  their  children  2s.  6d.  Residue  to 
daughter  Elizabeth,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  Nicholas  and  Michael  Osmond. 

Dated  26th  July,   1623.     Proved   nth  March,   1623-4. 

Sum  £8 1  45.  8d. 


1624.  John  Osmond  of  Chilloman,  in  the  parish  of  Halber- 
ton, I4th  Aug.,  1624.  Desires  to  be  buried  in  the  parish  Church 
of  Uplowman,  "  where  I  was  born."  To  kinsmen  John  Osmond 
and  Robert  his  brother,  2os.  each.  To  kinswoman  Mary 
Esserye,  widow,  303.  To  the  poor  of  Uplowman,  2Os.  To 
Mary,  daughter  of  Zachary  Churly,  2os.  at  18.  To  daughter, 
Agnes  Osmond,  -/I2. 
3 


1 8  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Residue  to  daughter,  Elizabeth    Shackle,    who  is  Sole  Exe- 
cutrix. 

Witnesses,  Arthur  Hill  and  Christopher  Osmond. 
Proved  2Qth  Oct.,   1624. 
Sum  £29  5s. 


1624.  Nicholas  Hamlyn  of  St.  Mary  Steps,  Exeter,  Cord- 
vvainer,  i8th  Sept.,  1624.  To  Son  James,  best  cloak  and  one 
platter.  To  youngest  Son,  Nicholas,  best  doublet  and  breeches, 
best  jerkin,  and  one  platter  dish.  Wife  Joane,  Executrix. 

Overseers,  Augustine  Drake  and  William  Bicklye.  Proved 
22nd  Jany.,  1624. 

Sum  £25    i6s.  8d. 


1624.  John  Osmonde  of  Tiverton  desires  to  be  buried  in 
Tiverton  Church,  and  leaves  to  the  poor  there,  and  to  those 
of  Kentisbeare,  small  bequests.  Bequests  also  to  Humphry, 
son  of  Brother  George,  to  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Alexander  Hake 
of  Buckland  St.  Mary,  Somerset,  to  her  daughter  Anstis 
Hake,  to  her  son  John  Hake,  to  Alexander  Hake  the  younger, 
to  Margaret  and  Katherine,  daughters  of  the  said  Alexander 
Hake.  To  said  Brother  George  and  his  three  children,  to 
sisters  Thomasine,  Anthony,  and  Mary  Cave,  to  Kinsman 
Stephen.  Osmond  of  Tiverton,  and  to  his  brothers.  To  Joan 
wife  of  John  Minifer,  to  Wm.  Marshall  of  Tiverton,  Currier, 
Humphry  Bildo  of  the  same,  Robert  Yarde  and  John  Crooke 
of  Tiverton,  labourers,  Robert  Puddington,  weaver,  Richard 
Greane,  and  George  Pooke. 

"  Residue  to  my  master,  John  '  Mynefee.'  Witnesses,  Richard 
Capron,  Robert  '  Meavyseale.'  " 

Testator  was  a  Blacksmith. 

Dated  2nd  March,  1623.     Proved   1st  April,   1624. 

Sum  £221    155.  6d. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  19 

1624.  3 1st  March,  1624.  Nuncupative  Will  of  Charells 
Graunger  of  Kentisbeare,  made  in  the  presence  of  Walter 
Chollashe  and  Bartholomew  Butsan.  Gives  all  his  apparel  to 
Thomas  Graunger  his  son,  and  the  residue  to  wife  Elizabeth 
and  daughter  Jane.  They  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved  9th  April,   1624. 

Sum  .£23  35.   lod. 


1630.  Administration  to  the  Effects  of  Thomas  Graunger, 
late  of  Withecomb  Rawleigh,  granted  3rd  Feby.,  1630,  to 
Margaret  his  wife. 

Sum  £111    is. 


1626.  Abraham  Osmond,  191!!  Sept.,  2nd  Charles  I.,  desires 
to  be  buried  in  Halberton  Church  Yard,  and  gives  to  the 
poor  there  los.  To  son  Francis  £3.  To  daughter  Sara  £3 
and  to  children's  children  5s.  each.  To  Eliza  Somers  a  cer- 
tain coffer,  and  another  to  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Son  Abraham. 
To  apprentice  John  Stubinges,  35.  4d.  Residue  to  Son 
Nycholas,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Trustees,  Grandson  John  Haddridge  and  Son  Abraham. 

Witness,  John  Haddridge. 

Proved   I7th  Nov.,   1626. 

Sum  £76  35. 


1626.  Robert  Osmond  of  Halberton,  2Oth  Dec.,  1622.  To 
the  poor  there  4O/-,  to  each  of  Christopher,  Nicholas,  and 
James  Osmond's  Children  -/I2  each.  To  Michael,  son  of 
brother  James  Osmond,  2O/-.  To  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  brother 
Thomas  Osmond,  2O/-.  To  John  Osmond  of  Brethembottom, 
4O/-.  To  Cousin  Nicholas  Osmond,  4<D/-.  Residue  to  Cousin 
Christopher,  Son  of  brother  John,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses — Henry  Breward. 
Mighell  Osmond. 

Proved  8th  Sept.,  1626. 

Sum  £26   153.  8d. 


20  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1627.     Administration  to  the  Effects,  &c,  of  James  Osmond 
of  Tiverton. 

Granted  2Oth  Feby.,  1627,  to  A  vice  Osmond,  widow 


1627.      Administration    to    the     Effects,     &c.,     of     Edward 
Osmond  of  Kentisbeare. 

Granted  5th  June,  1627,  to  Richard  Osmond  his  relict. 
Sum  £38  7s.   i  id. 


1629.  Nuncupative  Will  of  Thomas  Gibbs  of  Clyst  St. 
George,  husbandman,  I9th  August  "or  thereabouts,"  in  the 
presence  of  Robert  Gibbe  and  Elizabeth  Crutchard.  He 
leaves  £10  each  to  his  daughters  Agnes  and  Joane  Gibbs, 
and  leaves  the  residue  to  Joane,  his  wife. 

Goods  valued  at  £162, 

NOTES. — Proved  in  the  Court  of  the  Vicars  Choral,  Oct.  6th,  1642. 
Wife  married  secondly,  William  Darke  of  Coleridge. 


1631.  The  Last  Will  of  William  Gibb  of  St.  George's 
Clyst,  near  Exeter. 

Devises  his  tenement  and  Garden,  called  Claypitt  or 
Peyght,  with  23  acres  of  land,  to  his  nephew  and  Executor, 
John  Baker,  to  whom  also  he  leaves  his  interest  held  for  two 
lives  in  the  Moiety  of  Court  Place  in  the  same  parish.  To 
the  poor  of  the  Parish  2O/-. 

Goods  appraised  in   ^"438. 

Will  dated  May  loth.     Proved  July,  1631. 

Witnesses,  Richard  Baker  and   Henry   Hunte. 

NOTES. — Buried  July  ijth,  1631,  at  Clyst  St.  George. 

On  the  death  of  George  Gibbs  of  Clyst  St.  George,  in  1723,  his 
great  nephew,  George  Abraham  Gibbs  (father  of  Sir  Vicary  Gibbs,  Chief 
Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas),  inherited  as  his  heir-at-law  a  small  estate 
in  that  parish,  called  then,  as  now,  Pytt. 

George  Gibb  of  Clyst  St.  George  was  rated  in  1650  for  part  of  Court 
Farm. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS,  21 

1637.  The  last  Will  of  George  "Worthy"  of  the  Parish 
of  St.  Sidwells,  Exeter,  3rd  Sept.,  1637.  He  mentions  his 
Son  John  "  Worthy  "  and  his  daughter  Joane  Wandricke. 

Residue  to  Joan  his  wife,  who  is  Sole   Exor. 

Signed  "  George  Worth." 

Proved  Jan.  2ist,   1637. 

NOTE. — Testator  was  fourth  son  of  John  Worthe  of  Crediton, 
whose  Will  was  proved  in  the  Principal  Registry,  4th  June,  1596. 
See  Post.  The  said  John  Worthe  was  fifth  in  descent  from  Thomas 
Worthe  of  Worth,  in  Washfield,  alive  1460.  Testator  inherited,  and 
farmed,  an  out-lying  estate  in  St.  Sidwells.  His  great  aunt, 
Alice  Worthie,  daughter  of  Otho  Worthe  of  Compton,  in  Marldon 
(long  the  principal  residence  of  this  branch  of  Worth  of  Worth), 
was  a  Nun  of  Polsloe  Priory,  and  was  buried  in  St.  Sidwell's 
Church,  June  i2th,  1586,  being  then  in  receipt  of  a  pension  from 
the  Augmentation  Office.  Her  mother's  sister,  Cecelia  (Mylleton), 
Prioress  of  Polsloe,  died  1530. 


1637.  The  last  Will  of  Mary  Redway  of  Exminster.  26th 
Oct.,  1637. 

To  be  buried  in  Exminster  Churchyard. 

To  Son,  Richard  Redway,  is.  and   I   "  puter "  dish. 

To  his  three  children   12   pence  apeace. 

To  Geeles  Redway  "on  ponger"  dish. 

To  Roger  Redway  "  I  crock  and  on  pan  and  on  plater  dish." 
To  John  Redway  the  younger  "  I  pan  and  I  plater  dish."  Elizb. 
Redway  "on  great  candlestick  and  a  skillet  and  I  lam."  Eales 
Redway  "  my  darter  "  the  bed  "  whereon  I  now  lye  performed 
with  bed  clothes,  all  my  wearing  apparel,  I  chest  and  a  Coffer." 

Residue  to  Son  John  Redway,  who  is  sole  Exor. 

Mentions  latter's  "  three  children." 

Witnesses,  Wm.   Home,  Ambrose  Smith. 

Proved   1st  Dec.,   1637. 

Sum  £26. 


1638.  The  Last  Will  of  Rabisha  (Rabidge)  Tocker  of  Tiver- 
ton,  Widow.  She  leaves  her  daughter  Thomzine  Mar  wood  is. 

To  her  daughter  Mary  Reade's  Children  (wife  of  Thomas 
Reade)  £3  each. 

To  Grandson,  Robert  Reade,  small  bequest. 


22  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

To   Henry,  Dorothy,  and    Anne   Southard,  children  of  dau. 
Dorothy,  £10. 

Residue  to  daughter  Joan   Tocker,  who  is   Sole   Executrix. 
Dated  2Oth  July.     Proved  7th  Sept.,  1638. 
Sum  £88  2s.  3d. 


1640.  The  Account  of  Peter  Hamlyn,  Guardian  to  the 
children  of  Nicholas  Brimcliffe  alias  Gaunicliffe,  viz ,  John, 
Elizabeth,  and  Mary. 

1 2th  Jany.,   1640. 


1644.  Nuncupative  Will  of  John  Gibbe  of  Clyst  St. 
George,  husbandman,  made  i6th  April,  1644,  in  the  presence  of 
Robert  Gibbe  and  others. 

He  leaves  money  to  his  daughters,  Mary,  wife  of  John 
Gibbens,  and  Anstis  Gibbe,  and  the  residue  to  his  son  and 
Executor,  Richard  Gibbe.  Value  of  Personalty,  £118  I  is.  4d. 

NOTE. — Eldest  son  of  George  Gibb  (Archd.  Exon.,  Aug.  24,  1606), 
by  Mary,  his  second  wife  (Principal  Registry,  1603.) 


1674.  Nuncupative  Will  of  Richard  Gibbe  of  Clyst  St. 
George,  made  July  I5th,  1674,  leaving  property  to  his  sisters, 
Mary  Gibbens  and  Anstice  Torner,  and  the  Residue  to  his 
wife.  Chattels  appraised  by  Robert  Gibbs  and  Benedict 
Webber. 

Date  of  Probate,  Sept.  loth,  1674. 

Witnesses,  Robert  Gibbe  and  Mary  Webber. 


1660.  Inventory  of  Peter  Tucker,  of  Cadbury,  taken  I7th  Jan., 
1660. 

"  Imprimis."  In  readie  money  that  was  taken  out  of  his 
pocket  when  lie  was  taken  out  of  the  water  by  Henry  Knolls, 
^3  4s- 

Item  two  olde  Bookes,  i  Cup  with  a  silver  mouth,  3/-. 

Two  bonds  of  desperate  debt  £31. 

Twelve  purses  and  pouches,  a  paire  of  gloves,  with  other 
small  things  in  the  Apple  Chamber. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  23 

Five  Hogsheads  of  Cyder  with  the  Casks  £6.  Two  flatches 
of  bacon  £1  IDS. 

"  This  daie  beinge  spent  we  continued  our  further  proceedings 
in  this  business  until  the  next  daye.  Humfrey  Wilcockes." 

Two  Hackney  Saddles  and  one  Pillion  I3/-. 

Three  Pack  Saddles  and  their  girtes. 

Two  yearlings  £4  ios.     Two  fat  Steers  £12. 

Twenty  weathers  £12.     Twenty  Sheep  £9. 

Two  Sows  with  Pigs  £7.  Six  Geese,  Two  Jennies,  three 
Ducks  and  three  hens,  I5/-. 

Five  Acres  of  wheat  and  Two  of  Rye  £17. 

A  moiety  of  a  parcell  of  ground  determinable  upon  the  life 
of  Rose  Tucker  and  Wm  Tucker  .£30. 

Two  oxen,  Two  Steers  and  a  heiffer  that  were  driven  away 
under  the  pretence  of  right  by  Edward  Godfrey  of  Collompton 
which  as  we  are  informed  were  worth  £22. 

NOTE. — The  above  quaint  inventory  will  serve  well  to  show  the 
price  of  farm  stock,  etc.,  in  1660. 

John  Hugh,  who  administered  to  the  effects,  subsequently  petitioned 
to  be  allowed  his  charges,  from  which  we  gather  that  the  funeral  expenses 
of  deceased,  including  the  cost  of  search  for  and  recovery  of  the  body 
from  the  river,  amounted  to  £7. 


1661.     The  Last  Will  of  Philip  Gibbe,  of  Shobrooke. 

He  leaves  io/-  to  the  poor  of  the  parish  ;  his  lands  and 
tenements  of  Ebford,  or  Ebbord,  in  Clyst  St.  George  and 
Woodbury  to  his  eldest  son  John  (then  wanting  some  years'  of 
21)  and  his  heirs  ;  with  remainder  to  his  second  son  Phillip,* 
and  his  heirs  ;  with  remainder  to  his  daughter  Mary  ;  and  after 
her,  to  the  right  heirs  of  Phillip.  Mary,  his  wife,  to  have  the 
profits  of  the  land  till  John  come  of  age  ;  and  to  enjoy  for  40 
years,  if  she  should  so  long  remain  unmarried,  the  tenement  at 
Little  ffulford,  in  Shobrooke,  where  he  was  then  living ;  with 
remainder  to  his  son  Phillip. 

He  makes  his   brothers  George,  f   Abraham,  J  and    Robert  § 


*  Archdeaconry  of  Exon.,  March,  1724-5. 

t  Principal  Registry,  Oct.,  1723. 
t  Abraham  Gibbs,  P.P.C.,  Nov  ,  1668. 
;;  Robert  Gibbs,  Vic.  Chor.,  Aug.,  1688. 


24  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.* 

"rulers  in  trust"  under  his  will,  and  his  wife,  Mary  Gibbe, 
executrix. 

Will  dated  Dec.  8th,  1656.  Proved  by  Mary,  the  widow. 
July  27th,  1661. 

Witnesses — 


1662.  Administration  of  the  Goods  of  Robert  Gibbe,  of 
Topsham,  to  Rose  Westlake,  widow,  his  daughter  ;  Raymond 
Westlake  being  bound  with  her. 

Date  of  Grant,  Jan.  24th,  1662. 

NOTE. — He  was  of  Clyst  St.  George  when  Rose  was  baptised. 


1666.  The  last  Will  of  John  Redway  the  elder,  of  Exminster, 
Yeoman,  2Oth  Feb.,  1665.  Son,  Nicholas  Redway,  the  4th  and 
8th  parts  of  Hall's  Tenement.  To  Son  William  Redway  the  4th 
part  of  Bond's  tenement,  "  until  half  a  year  after  his  Uncle 
Richard  Redway 's  decease."  To  wife  Margaret,  "  the  bed 
whereon  I  lye." 

To  Son  Nicholas,  "that  gold  ring  which  was  left  unto  me  by 
his  Mother." 

Sons  Nicholas  and  William,  then  married  and  childless,  are 
Joint  Exors. 

Overseers,  Wm.  Collins  and  John  Collins  the  elder. 

Witnesses,  John  Skynner,  Wm.  Tothill. 

Proved  i8th  May,  1666.      £157. 

NOTE. — Will  written  on  parchment.  Large  circular  Seal  attached 
with  strip.  Device — A  Griffin  (arms  of  Collins). 

The  Redways  (pronounced  and  frequently  written  Radway)  are  an 
ancient  Devonshire  family,  with  coat  armour  of  their  own — viz., 
"  Gu .,  a  chevron  between  three  owls  arg.  crowned  or"  quartered  by 
Cooke  of  Thome.  Christopher  Cooke,  in  right  of  his  mother  of 
Thorne.  She  was  Jenetta,  daughter  and  heiress  of  John  Hake,  by 
Janet,  his  wife,  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  Nicholas  Radwav.— 
Coll.  Ar.,  D.  7,  &c. 


1666.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Richard  Redway,  late 
of  Exminster,  deceased.  Granted  25th  Jan.,  1666,  to  Thomasine 
his  relict.  George  Collins  joins  the  bond. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  25 

1667.  The  Nuncupative  Will  of  Elizabeth  Redway  of 
Exminster,  I4th  March,  1667,  rdates  that  there  is  given  her  by 
the  will  of  John  Cuttaford,  of  Exminster,  2O/-  p.  a.  for  a  certain 
number  of  years.  She  gives  one  moiety  thereof  to  her  Sister 
Mary  Redway.  and  the  other  to  her  kinsman,  Richard  Molton. 
Present  at  delivery  of  the  will — Thomasine  Redway,  Gilbert 
Pearse,  and  Charles  Stoneman. 

Proved    i6th   Oct.,   1668. 


1667.  John  Evans  of  St.  Sidwells  in  the  City  of  Exeter, 
Husbandman,  1st  May  I5th  Chas.  II. 

To  daughter  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Richard  Fillmore,  weaver, 
I/-  "  starling  money." 

Residue  to  wife  Johane. 

"  And  I  doe  make  &  ordayne  my  loueinge  friend  Agnes 
Tucker  of  the  parish  of  St.  George  in  the  aforesaid  City  of 
Exeter  widdowe,  Sole  Executrix  for  the  use  &  benefit  of  the 
said  Johane  my  wife." 

Witnesses,  Richard  Hingston,  Thomas  Willing,  Thomas 
Ferris,  Thomas  Jewell,  Richard  Jewell. 

Sum  £26  155. 

Administration  granted  to  Johane  the  widow,  Agnes  Tucker 
having  renounced,  I5th  Oct.,  1667. 

Seal.    A  heart,  with  letters  "  A.  T." 

NOTE. — Tooker  of  Maddington,  Co.  Wilts.,  sixteenth  century. 
"  Vert,  on  a  bend,  engraved  arg.,  3  body  hearts  gu" 


1670.  John  Wreford  Gentleman  of  the  Parish  of  Bickley, 
i6th  July,  1659.  Small  legacies  to  Christopher  Son  of  Gawen 
Richards,  Stephen  Burrows  and  Barbara  Blackmore. 

Residue  to  present  wife  Anne,  the  daughter  of  Damaris 
Chapman.  She  is  Sole  Exor. 

Seal  of  Arms.  A  fesse  between  3  stags'  heads  cabossed. 
Proved  1st  Sept.,  1670. 

Inventory  made  by  Wm.  Wrayford,  of  Silverton,  Gentm. 

Total  £1,218   i8s. 

NOTE. — The  Arms  on  the  Seal  are  apparently  those  of  Barton  of 
Smithills,  Co.  Lancaster. 


26  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1670.  "  Memorandum,  that  on  or  uppon  the  6th  day  of 
febuary  Anno  Dmi.  1670,  Elenor  Tucker  "late  of  Sidwells" 
being  of  a  disposing  mind  &  memory  delivered  her  last  Will 
&  Testament  in  manner  and  form  following,  first  of  all  she 
gave  unto  Catherine  Davids,  wife  of  Morgan  Davids,  her 
kinswoman  all  that  she  should  dye  possessed  offe,  if  shee  did 
not  live  soe  long  to  spend  it  herself. 

"  Item  she  gave  to  Roger  ffollette's  daughter  one  paire  of 
stockings,  but  as  for  Roger  ffollett  he  should  not  have  a 
penni worth  of  her  estate.  These  words  were  spoken  being 
then  of  perfect  mind  and  memory  not  long  before  her  death 
in  the  presence  of  us,"  etc. 

Proved  Feby.,   1670. 

NOTE. — St.  Sidwell's,  Exeter — in  the  Index  of  this  Archdeaconry 
deceased  is  described  as  "  Elenor  Tucker  of  Tiverton." 


1870.  The  last  Will  of  Thomasin  Redway  of  Exminster, 
I4th  April,  1670.  Giles  Redway  and  each  of  "  his  children  " 
"  my  daus."  Mary  Stoneman,  Grace  Redway,  late  Cousin 
John  Cuttiford,  Grandson  Richard  Molton,  and  Nicholas 
Molton,  are  all  mentioned. 

She  gives  her  interest  in  a  cottage  and  nine  acres  of  land 
at  Exminster  to  Son  Richard  Redway,  with  remainder,  in 
default  of  his  issue,  to  daughters  Mary  and  Grace. 

Residue  to  said  Richard  Redway,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Proved  27th  April,   1670. 

Sum  £75. 


1670.  Inventory  of  all  the  goods  &  chatels  of  Thomasin 
Redway  of  Exminster  who  departed  this  life  the  sixteenth 
day  of  Aprill  in  the  yeare  of  our  Lord  God  1670,  taken  and 
appraised  by  us  whose  names  are  under  subscribed  : 


Imprimis  for  her  wearinge 
Item,  3  beds  performed 

apparel     ... 

£ 

...       2 

s. 
IO 
\r\ 

d. 

0 

2  chests,  3  coffers,  i   little 
For  cloth  in  the  house 
For  2  coats 

box 

...       2 

3 
o 

o 

0 

16 

o 
o 

o 

DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  27 

£     S.  d. 

For  a  Bible         ...          ...         ...          ...          ...          ...  o     5  o 

For  9  pans,  2  kittles     ...         ...         ...         ...         ...  215  o 

4  crockes,  I   posnel        ...          ...          ...         ...         ...  I    10  o 

13  pewter  dishes             ...          ...          ...          ...         ...  i     3  o 

1  Prese o  12  o 

2  Bords,   i   forme,   I  chest,  2  coffers  ...         ...          ...  018  o 

Corne  in  house  ...          ...          ...         ...          ...          ...  3     o  o 

2  milch  kine        ...          ...          ...          ...          ...          ...  6     o  o 

2  hogs       018  o 

I  hoxhead  of  sider        ...          ...          ...          ...         ...  o  14  o 

For  timber  vessels          ..           ...          ...          ...         ...  115  o 

For  victuals  in  the  house         ...          ...          ...         ...  2     o  o 

I   hand  gunn        ...          ...         ....          ...          ...          ...  o   12  o 

5  bags  &   I   packsheet                ...          ...          ...          ...  012  o 

ffor  rede 080 

ffor  working  tools  &   I   twine               ...          ...          ...  o     5  o 

ffor  woode           ...          ...          ...          ...          ...          ...  0160 

„     laders  and  a  cheese  wring            ...          ...          ...  o     4  o 

„     corne  in  the  grounde         ...          ...          ...          ...  10     o  o 

,,     I  rework  about  the  chimney          ...          ...          ...  o     4  o 

„     pte  in  a  tenement               ...          ...          ...         ...  30     o  o 

,,     things  forgotten  &  not  praised    ...          ...          ...  o     8  6 

The  some     .  .     £75   15  6 

Roger  Smith  Exhibited  29th 

Nicholas  Turner  April   1670  by  Richd.   Redway. 


1671-2.  Will  of  Richard  Redway  of  Exminster,  Husband- 
man, 1 4th  Dec,  1671. 

"  I  give  unto  my  soon  all  my  land  wch  I  doe  now  enjoy. 
I  give  unto  Richard  Molton  £8,  to  be  paide  unto  him  when 
my  Sonn  comes  in  age  in  cause  they  toe  doe  so  long  life." 
To  Nicholl  Molton  2O/-.  To  Robert  Redway  and  Mary 
"  Redwa "  i/-  "a  peace,"  and  "to  Geils  Redway  thear  father 
my  blew  coat  which  I  did  weare  worken  dayes."  To  Grace 
Redway  5/-  and  "  2  bushels  of  wheat  to  be  paid  at  harvest." 
To  wife  Sara  Redway  "  half  my  goods  in  doors  &  out." 


28  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Said  wife  is  Executrix.     "  My  Sonn "  has  the  other  half  of 
the  Residue. 

Proved   iQth  Jany.,   1671-2. 
Sum  £26  1 6s. 


1677.  The  last  Will  of  Johane  Wrayford  of  Bickleigh, 
widow,  23rd  Nov.,  1677.  To  Mr.  Samuel  Segar  £30  and 
a  mourning  ring.  To  Brother  John's  two  Children  £5.  To 
poor  of  Silverton  2os.,  and  the  same  sum  to  the  poor  of 
Bickleigh.  Mentions  her  tenement  called  "  Richards."  To 
Mother  and  Sister  Damaris  she  leaves  her  wearing  apparel. 
To  Sister  Gill  her  wedding  ring.  "  To  my  brothers  "  53. 
each.  To  Aunt  Agnes,  now  wife  of  Ambrose  Goodridge,  the 
Residue.  She  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   nth  December,    1677. 

Sum  £445. 

1680.  The  last  Will  of  Henry  Worth  of  Washfield,  dated 
I9th  Jany.,  1677. 

He  desires  to  be  buried  "  without  superfluity  of  blackes  "  but 
decently,  and  six  of  the  labourers  on  the  estate  to  "attend  his 
hearse"  and  to  have  6s.  each  and  a  "  gowne." 

"  Item — I  give  £10  towards  the  purchasinge  some  father 
estate  as  for  buyings  of  Bibles  or  some  other  books  of 
divinity  to  be  yearly  distributed  amongst  the  poor  people  of 
Washfield  for  ever." 

"  To  my  son,  Thomas  Worth,  45.  for  a  ring.'' 

"  To  my  son,  Alexander  Worth,  the  lyvinge  of  Wood  which 
I  lately  purchased  in  the  parish  of  Uplowman,  to  him  and 
his  heirs  for  ever,  and  the  sum  of  £300  to  stock  it." 

To  daughter  Dorothy,  wife  of  Robert  Collins  of  Autry 
(Ottery  St.  Mary)  Clearke,  £100. 

"  To   my  daughter,  Elizabeth   Oliver,  a   ring  of  2OS.  value." 

"  To  my  daughter,  Mary  Worth,  £700."  "  To  the  Servants 
at  Worth  at  time  of  my  death  405.  each.  To  my  Son 
John's  wife  "  my  best  piece  of  plate."  To  brother  Arthur 
Worth,  Sons-in-law  Robert  Collins,  Benjamin  Oliver,  Esq., 
Humphry  Shobrooke  Merchant,  dau.-in-law  Anne  Worth, 
Nephew  Win.  Pincombe,  two  brothers-in-law,  Francis  and 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  29 

Thomas  Bampfylde  a  ring  each  of  2Os.  value.  Residue  to  Son 
John  Worth,,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses,  George  Abraham,  John  Besly,  and  Emlin  Clat- 
vvorthy. 

Codicil,  dated   I2th  Jany.,  1679-80. 

He  leaves  his  brother  Arthur  Worth  £10,  and  to  the  children 
of  his  daughter-in-law  Ann  Worth  £10  each.  He  leaves  to 
his  Son  Alexander,  the  books,  trunks,  boxes,  and  other  things 
in  the  study  over  the  porch  of  Worth  House. 

Witnesses,  Benjamin   Oliver,   Roger   Dodge,   Saml.  Clemens. 

Seal  of  Family  Arms.  Arg.,  an  Eagle  dispd.,  wings 
elevated,  with  two  necks  Sa,  Beaks  and  legs  Gules,  Helmet 
and  Mantling. 

Crest.  "An  Arm  erect  vested  erms.  gloved  erm.  holding 
an  Eagle's  leg  couped  or." 


1680.  The  last  Will  of  Orlando  Evans  of  Exeter,  lOth 
Aug.,  1680.  "  In-holder."  To  Sons  Richard  and  Orlando, 
to  daughter  Ann  Strod,  and  daughter  Sarah  Tucker,  "  equally 
to  be  divided  between  them,  such  worldly  goods  as  I  die 
possessed  of."  They  are  joint  Exors. 

Witnesses,  Joseph  Marshalle 
Jo.  Erlye 
Jo.  Batters  by. 

Proved  2ist  Jany.,  1680. 

Seal.  A  Battle  Axe  below  the  letters  "  O.  E.,"  surmounted 
by  a  Royal  Crown. 

Motto.     "Le  Roy  Vive." 


1683.     Jonah    Tucker    of     Thorverton,    Feby.     iQth,     1682. 

To  Sons  Jonath,  John,  and  Michael,  and  to  dau.  Elizabeth 
,£10  each. 

His  wife  Elizabeth  is  to  "hold  &  enjoy"  his  "justment" 
which  he  rents  of  Sir  John  Davey  until  2Oth  March,  1684, 
then  brother  Edmond  is  to  have  it  to  "  end  of  term." 

Residue  to  said  wife  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Overseer,  Brother  Edmund  Tucker. 

Proved  8th  June,   1683. 

Sum  £85   IQS. 


3o  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1683.     Administration    to    the    effects    of   Hugh    Tucker    of 
Exeter,  Granted  to  Sarah  his  relict,  I3th  July,   1683. 

From  the  Inventory  of  Hugh  Tucker  late  of  the  Parish  of 
All  Hallows,  Goldsmith  St.,  Inn-holder,  June  8th,  1683. 

"  Item    i    Silver   Tancket,  a  tumbler,  3  Spoones    &  a  dram 
dish  4/8  to  4/10  per  oz.,  £7   153." 

Item  a  second-hand  old  watch  broken  and  out  of  order,  £i. 
Item  a  dozen  of  old  case  knives  at  2/8  a  dozen. 
Item  "  Desperate  Debts,"  £194  7s.  3id. 
„       Secure  Debts,  Thomas  Tucker,  Esq.,  £\    135.  8d. 
„  Roger  Tucker,  £70  193.  4d. 

„  Anne  Tucker,  widow,  £15   55. 

Robert  Tucker,  .£3   175.  5d. 


1684.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Orlando  Evans  of 
Ottery  St.  Mary,  deceased,  Granted  to  Elizabeth  his  widow. 
Richard  Evans,  "  Tonsorius,"  joins  the  bond. 

29th  Jany.,   1684. 


1684.     Joan  Wrayford  of  Silverton,  widow,  i6th  April,  1679. 

She  gives  her  three  daughters,  Joan  Galard,  Ann  Holmes, 
and  Grace  Bryan,  and  to  their  respective  husbands,  one  piece 
of  Gold.  To  "the  Minister"  for  a  funeral  Sermon,  the  same 
bequest.  To  each  of  her  Grandchildren  5/-.  To  eldest  Son 
William  the  Cider  pound  with  its  appurtenances.  To. the  poor 
of  Silverton  £5,  and  to  those  of  Bickleigh  £3. 

Residue  to  youngest  Son  Edward  Wrayford,  who  is  Sole 
Exor. 

Proved  4th  Feby.,  1684.     Sum  £465    135.  8d. 

Armorial  Seal.     3  Piles  in  Point. 

NOTE. — "Or,  3  Piles  in  point  azure."  These  are  the  well  known 
arms  of  Brian,  of  Tor  Brian,  Co.  Devon,  but  have  been  used,  with 
very  doubtful  right  indeed,  by  both  English  and  Irish  Bryans  for 
many  years.  Some  vary  the  Tinctures. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  31 

1684.  The  Last  Will  of  Robert  Tucker  of  Thorverton. 
He  bequeaths  his  soul  to  God  and  his  body  to  Christian  Burial. 

"  I  give  to  my  daughter  Jan,  won  shilling.  To  my  Son 
Georg.  won  shilling.  To  my  Son  Roger,  won  shilling.  To 
Henry  my  Sonn  in  law,  won  shilling.  To  Mary  my  daughter 
won  shilling.  To  Jud.,  my  daughter,  won  shilling.  To  my 
daughter's  Sons,  won  shilling.  To  my  Son  Peter,  won  shilling. 
To  my  daughter  Grace,  won  shilling." 

"  Also  I  do  mak  my  house  to  my  wif  during  her  life " 
with  remainder  to  Son  Roger,  who  is  to  pay  half  the  moytie 
to  my  younger  children.'' 

Trustees,  my  wife  and  John  my  Brother. 

Witnesses,  "  Wiliom  "  Tucker,  Henry  Tucker. 

Administration  was  granted  to  Dionysia  Tucker  the  wife  in 
minority  of  her  daughter  Peternell  Tucker,  who  had  the 
residue  and  was  Sole  Executrix  under  the  will.  i  ith  April, 
1684. 

1684.     Administration    to    the    Will    of    Robert    Tucker    of 

Thorverton,  deceased,  was  Granted  to  Dyonisia  his  wife  in  the 

minority  of  the  Executrix,  Petronell  Tucker,     nth  April,  1684. 

Inventory  of  Robert   Tucker   of  Thorverton,  Deed.,    Fuller. 

5th  April,  1684. 

Item  3  spinning  turns  and  2  skewers. 
„     i  pair  of  fullers'  shears,   io/-. 
,,     i   fullers'  press,  io/-. 
„     i   Chettell  lease,  £12. 

"  The  Sum  is  £22  75.  2d. 
The  Debt  is"  io  os.  od. 


Remains  £>\2  75.  2d. 


1686.  Joseph  Wreyford  of  St.  Thomas  the  Apostle,  and 
County  or  City  of  Exeter,  Schoolmaster.  He  leaves  his  house- 
hold goods  to  his  wife,  Elizabeth.  Mentions  his  Sons  Samuel, 
Joseph,  and  John,  and  gives  them  certain  houses.  Residue  to 
his  wife  Elizabeth,  who  is  sole  Executrix. 

Dated  22nd  Nov.     Proved  iQth  Jan.,  1686. 

Sum  £335  ss.  6d. 


32  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1686.  The  last  Will  of  Nicholas  Tucker,  of  Bampton.  Dated, 
26th  May,  1686. 

He  leaves  to  his  wife,  Anne,  3  pewter  dishes  that  are  marked 
with  the  letters  "  A.  H."  To  Joan,  dau.  of  Wm.  Norrish, 
deceased,  "one  Ammory  now  in  my  dwelling  house,  and  my 
greatest  Kaddnrne  under  the  Ammory  standing "  ;  also  one 
brewing  ffatt  '  &  "  the  sum  of  £5  in  money  to  be  paid  her  by 
Susanna  Blackmore,  now  living  with  me." 

"  To  Robert  my  brother  my  best  sutt,  viz.,  one  waistcote,  one 
long  cote,  &  a  paire  of  briches." 

To  Edward  Downe  my  best  hate. 

"  To  Cousin  James  Butford,  my  leather  deske.  To  my  mother 
2O/-.  To  brother-in-law,  William  Presser,  my  razure." 

"I  give  to  Ann  my  wife  the  right  to  dwell  in  my  house  as 
long  as  she  shall  remain  a  widow,  &  I  do  give  my  house  & 
garden  to  Susanna  Blackmore  and  residue,  and  make  her  sole 
executrix  on  this  condition  that  she  always  dwells  in  it  &  does 
not  sell  it.  In  default,  there  is  remainder  to  Joan  Norrish. 
Cousin  John  Norrish  of  Cruse  Morchard  to  be  ruler  in  trust  with 
a  bequest  of  5/-." 

Administration  granted  to  John  Norrish  in  minority  of 
Susannah  Blackmore,  2Qth  Jan.,  1686. 

Sum  £13  i  is.  6d. 


1686.  The  last  will  of  Dorcas  Evans  of  Exeter,  Spinster, 
27th  Nov.,  1685.  To  Sister,  Mary  Titherly,  "  my  farrington 
gowne  and  scarlet  large  petticoat,  &  a  greene  mohaire  petticoat 
&  a  red  cloath  petticoat,  a  Cabinet  &  a  paire  of  curtains  & 
vallens,  a  cupboard  cloath,  a  pur-<e,  pincushion  &  sheath.' 
"  Item  to  Joseph  Evans,  my  brother,  all  my  linen  undisposed 
of.  To  said  Sister  Mary,  two  gold  rings  &  one  piece  of  broad 
gold,  in  the  hands  of  Cozen  Bartholomew  Shower  of  London. 
To  Cozen  John  Anthony's  wife,  Covering  for  a  chaire  &  two 
stooles.  To  Roger  Light  &  his  wife,  a  brass  pott,  a  skillett  & 
a  butter  dish,  two  spoons  and  a  mustard  pot.  To  sd  Cozen,  his 
wife  &  daughter  £3  for  rings.  To  Cozen  Elizabeth  Hayne  & 
to  Cozens  Phineas  and  Susannah  Anthony,  sums  to  buy  rings. 
To  the  poor  of  the  City  io/-.  To  brother  John  Evans  two 
thirds  of  money  remg.  after  debts  &c.  are  paid." 


DEVONS1IIKE     WILLS.  33 

Residue  to  John  Anthony  of  Exeter,  Merchant,  who  is  sole 
Executor. 

Witnesses — Susannah  Marshall. 
Margaret  Bennett. 

Armorial  Seal. — On  a  fess,  3  roses  ?  between  3  fleur  de  lis,  on 
a  chief,  3  lions  rampt. 

Crest. — A  demi-lion  ramp,  holding  a  sceptre 

Proved  June,  1686. 

NOTE. — Evans  of  London  and  Shropshire,  and  Evans  of  Watstay  (now 
Wynnstay),  Co.  Denbigh,  and  represented  by  Sir  Watkins  Williams 
Wynn,  Bt.,  gave  "  Arg.  a  fesse  between  3  fleur  de  lis  Sa" 


Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Lewis,  alias  Evans,  of 
Exeter,  granted  to  Sarah  Lewis,  alias  Evans,  of  Exeter,  his 
daughter. 

John  Vigors,  Carpenter,  of  Exeter,  joins  the  Bond. 

1 5th  April,  1706. 


1687.     Inventory    of    Jane  Tucker,    widow,    of  Cleyhanger, 
i  ith  April,  1687. 

Item  14  silver  spoons  and  3  Gold  rings           ...  £6    o    o 

„     all  her  books            ...  ...          ...          ...         i     o     o 

„     5  cowes  and  2  calves  ...          ...          ..  20     o     o 

,,     3  heifers        ...          ...  ...          ...          ...  u    10     o 

„     i  heifer  yearling      ...          I    i.o     o 

,,   14  ewes  and  14  lambs  ...          ...          ...        968 

„  24  old  sheepe             ...  ...          ...          ...  14     80 

„  25  hog      ;,  ...  1150 

„     i  horse  and  i  mare  ...          ...           .         600 

,,     i  Sow,  6  young  pigs,  and  2  other  piggs  ...        300 

„     Corne  in  the  grounde  ...          ...          ...        7   10     o 

,,     all  her  hay  ...         ...  ..         ...         ...        300 

„     all  her  poultry          ...  ...          ...          ...        050 


1687.  The  last  will  of  Jane  Tucker  of  Cleyhanger,  widow. 
She  desires  her  body  to  be  devoutly  buried.  To  the  poor  of 
the  parish  io/-. 

To  Jane  Rendall,  her  Grandchild,  £50,  "  and  the  table  bordr 

4 


34  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

in  the  parlour,  and  the  best  chair  in  the  parlour,  and  the  tester 
bedstead  in  parlour  chamber,  the  side  saddle,"  and  "  my  wedding 

ring." 

Bequests  to  other  Grand-children — viz.,  Dorothy,  Honour,  and 

Elizb.  Rendall. 

£6  to  be  expended  on  funeral. 

Residue  to  daughter,  Jane  Rendall,  who  is  sole  Executrix. 

"  To  Thomas  Richards  of  Bradford  my  kinsman,"  4<D/-. 

Proved  I2th  April,  1687. 

Sum  £305  5s.  8d. 


1690.  The  last  will  of  Richard  Evans  of  the  City  of  Exeter, 
Inn  keeper,  6th  Nov.,  1690.  He  leaves  to  his  Cousin  Anne, 
daughter  of  his  brother  Orlando  Evans,  deceased,  £20.  To  his 

o 

Sister,  Sarah  Tucker,  widow,  £5,  "  Provided  that  they  do  not 
molest  or  trouble  my  Executrix  hereafter  named  in  the  enjoy- 
ment of  what  I  shall  leave  unto  her." 

Residue  to  wife  Rebecca,  who  is  sole  Executrix. 

Proved  i/th  April,  1691. 


1693.  The  last  Will  of  Dorothy  Tucker  of  Exeter,  widow, 
1 3th  May,  1693. 

She  leaves  to  seven  poor  widows  of  Exeter  2os.  each. 

She  bequeaths  her  interest  in  an  estate  and  term  of  years 
in  certain  houses  to  her  brother,  John  Sanford  of  Virginia 
and  her  cousin  Ann  Chilcote,  in  equal  parts.  To  all  "brothers 
and  sisters  "  of  Testatrix  2os.  each  for  mourning  rings. 

"  I  also  give  the  silver  bason  my  deceased  father  gave  me 
to  my  brother  William  Sanford,  and  my  will  is  that  after 
his  decease  the  said  bason  shall  be  a  legasie  successively  unto 
such  as  shall  bear  the  name  of  William  Sanford/'* 

Residue  to  Son,  James  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Seal  of  Arms.     Barry  wavy  of  12. 

Crest.     A  Martlet. 

Proved  3Oth  June,  1693. 


*  See  Editor's  "Practical  Heraldry,"  page  168,  etc.     London  :   Redway,   1889; 
now  Kegan   Paul  &  Trubner,  Ludgate  Hill. 


DEVONSHIRE     WII.LS.  35 

1694.  The  last  Will  of  George  Osmond  of  Tiverton,  Hus- 
bandman, dated  2 1st  Aug.,  1694. 

Bequests  to  Sisters  Mary  Glass  and  Allis  Hill.  To  '  Cosens  " 
John  and  Thomas  Hill.  To  Peter  Osmond  and  his  Sons 
Robert  and  William.  To  Thomas  Osmond  of  Autrey  (Ottery 
St.  Mary)  and  to  Thomas  his  Son.  To  George  Osmond, 
Alice  Daley,  Mary  Sellack,  and  to  Thomas  Daly's  son  John. 
Residue  to  wife  Katherine,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  Endymeon  Vacinover 
John  Thomas,  Junr. 
Michael  Frankpitt. 

6th  Dec.,   1694. 

Sum  £122  4s. 


1694.  The  last  will  of  Thomas  Tucker  of  Dunkeswell,  dated 
9tli  Sept.,  1684.  He  leaves  his  wife  Elinor  £\2  a  year  as  long 
as  she  remains  unmarried,  failing  this,  £10  p.  a. 

He  charges  his  estate  called  Winsor  in  the  parish  of  Luppitt 
with  this  annuity. 

"  I  leave  also  to  Elinor  my  wife,  the  halle,  and  all  those 
two  rooms  on  that  side  the  entry  in  my  said  house  called 
Winsor  during  her  life,  togeather  with  the  upper  garden,  &  I 
also  give  to  my  said  wife  for  her  yearly  burning  200  well 
made  faggots  of  wood."  He  further  gives  her  the  best  bed, 
certain  specified  furniture,  "  the  best  lininge  table  borde  cloth, 
one  side  saddle  &  a  pillion."  For  all  these  goods  she  is  to 
give  a  bond  to  his  Exors.  for  due  return  at  her  decease. 
Residue  to  Son  Thomas,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  3Oth  Jany.,   1694. 


1694.  Inventory   of  Thomas  Tucker  of  Dunkeswell,    made 
i8th  Jany.,  1693-4. 

Item.  His  wearing  apparel,  cash,  and  plate    ...  .£30  o  o 

,,  A  Chattlc  estate  in  Luppitt       ...  ...  500  o  o 

„  In  wood  and  fuel              ...          ...  ..     24  O  O 

„  Debts  and  Credits           ...          ...  ...     60  o  o 

„  Desperate  Debts              ...          ...  ...     20  o  o 

„  240  sheep             ...         ...         ...  ...     96  o  o 

,.          10  horses  and  Colts         ...          ...  ...     33  o  o 


36  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Item.     Crockes,  frying  pans,  spits,  and  andirons    £200 
Ei<rht  flitches  of  bacon  and  other  victualls 

O 

in  the  hall       ...  n     o     o 

„         Brass  and  pewter  ...          ...          ••       1800 

The  above  are  the  most  interesting  items  in  the  Inventory; 
the  total  of  the  personal  estate  amounted  to  £1,046  6s.   56. 


1696.  The  last  Will  of  Grace  Tucker  of  the  City  of 
Exeter,  Single  woman,  one  of  the  daughters  of  James  Tucker, 
Merchant,  deceased. 

"To  my  honoured  mother  Mistress  Joane  Tucker,  all  my 
property,  messuages,  &c.,  in  St.  Mary's  Clist  or  elsewhere, 
either  in  the  County  of  Devon,  or  in  the  City  or  County  of 
the  City  of  Exeter.  To  be  held  by  her,  her  heirs  and  assigns 
for  evermore." 

Residue  to  said  Mother,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   iQth   May,   1696. 

Seal  of  Arms.  Barry  wavy,  on  a  chevron  embattled,  betw. 
3  sea-horses,  5  gouttes  de  poix. 

(Tucker  of   Exeter.) 


1696.     Christopher  Granger  of  Broadhembury.     Administra- 
tion granted    I4th  May,   1696,  to  Mary  his  wife. 
Sum  £40  1  6s.  4d. 


1697.  The  last  Will  of  Alexander  Osmond  of  Tiverton, 
Yeoman,  25th  Oct.,  1697. 

He  leaves  to  John  Newte  of  Tiverton,  Rector,  and  Matthias 
Jenkin  of  the  same,  Merchant,  one  yearly  rent-charge  of  £14, 
in  trust  for  Grand-daughter  Elizabeth  Wheeler.  After  death 
of  said  Elizabeth,  he  gives  an  annuity  of  £7  to  Grandson 
Peter  Morse,  together  with  his  dwelling  house  on  Barnes'  Hill 
and  £100.  To  Peter,  Laurence,  and  Sarah,  children  of  said 
Elizabeth  Wheeler,  £>2O  each  at  21.  He  leaves  certain 
Messuages  to  Grandson  Wm.  Morse,  and  <:  one  piece  of  gold 
called  a  Guiney"  to  Frances  wife  of  said  Matthias  Jenkin. 
Residue  to  said  Grandson  Wm.  Morse,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  37 

Trustees,  Son-in-law  Peter  Morse  of  Tivcrton,  Mercer,  and 
Edward  Bury  of  the  same,  Mercer,  with  2O/-  each. 

He  desires  his  trustees  to  take  on  the  administration  of  the 
estate  of  the  late  Wm.  Cannington  of  Tiverton,  Serge  Maker, 
and  to  care  for  the  education  of  William  and  John  Cannington. 

Witness  John  Corrain. 

Proved  9th  Dec.,   1697. 


1697.  The  last  will  of  John  Tucker  of  Luppitt,  Yeoman, 
3rd  Jan.,  1679. 

"To  Sarah  my  wife,  whom  I  make  my  sole  Executrix,  all 
my  moiety  of  the  estate  known  as  Ruggepath  in  said  parish  of 
Luppitt,  being  parcel  of  the  manor  of  Dolditch  Shaugh,  together 
with  all  other  land  held  on  lease  from  John  Ash  ford  of  Ash  ford 
in  the  Co.  of  Devon,  Esqr,  &  determinable  on  the  deathe  of  the 
said  Sarah  my  wife,  John  Tucker  &  Susannah  Tucker,  Son  & 
daughter  of  me  the  said  John." 

Proved  27th  April,  1697. 

Sum  £369  6s.  2d. 


1699.    Administration  to  the  Effects  of    George  Wreford   of 
Exeter.     Granted   I2th  June,  1699,  to  Urith  his  wife. 
Sum  £iS  2s.  2d. 


1700.  Thomas  Wreaford  of  Whitstone,  in  the  Co.  of  Devon, 
Husbandman. 

3rd  Jan,  1700.  To  brother-in-law  Thomas  Squabble,  dwelling 
house  and  garden. 

To  Sister,  Abigail  Yewman,  ^£8.  To  Brother-in-law  Henry 
Skinner,  £$.  To  Cousins  Elizabeth  and  Ann,  daughters  of 
Thomas  Squabble,  Elizabeth  Yewman.  and  Elizabeth  and 
Alice,  daughters  of  Henry  Skinner,  small  bequests. 

Cousin  Simeon  Yewman  to  be  Executor.  He  remarks  that 
he  lent  William  Best  of  Crediton,  £$  IDS.  forty  years  ago. 

Proved   I3th  June,  1700. 

Sum  £27  7-s.  4fd. 


38  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1700.  William  Wrayford  of  "  Sillferton,"  Gentleman, 
29th  April,  1700. 

To  Mrs.  Joane  Galerd,  widow,  18  twenty-shilling  pieces  of 
Broad  Gold.  "  To  Andrew  Adams,  alias  Holmes,  the  money 
that  he  owes  me." 

To  William  Bryannd  of  Exeter,  Goldsmith,  £40.  To 
Sylvanus  Bryannd,  his  brother,  ;£io.  To  Richard  Bryannd  of 
Exeter,  Apothecary,  a  tenement  worth  £30  a  year  at  Sand  ford, 
with  reversion  to  kinsman  William  Wrayford  of  London, 
Merchant,  and  Matthew  Wrayford  of  Cornwall,  failing  issue. 
He  gives  his  servant  Mary  Haubsland  £50  and  her  life  upon 
his  houses  at  Silverton  called  Buckinghams,  but  the  land 
belonging  to  the  said  houses  he  desires  may  be  "  let  out"  at  a 
yearly  rent  for  the  benefit  of  the  poor  of  Silveiton  for  ever,  at 
the  discretion  of  the  "  Pastor,  Churchwardens  and  Overseers  of 
the  Parish."  Mr.  Troyte  is  mentd.  as  Rector.  To  Edward 
"  Bryand,"  his  life  in  a  tenement  value  £,12  p.  a.  at  Bridford. 
To  Sister  Joane  Galerd,  and  tcr  John  Davise  and  his  wife 
Margaret,  daughter  of  said  Sister  Joan,  £,1  is.  and  a  mourning 
ring.  Mentions  Robert  Marsh  of  Exeter,  Mrs.  Grace  Bryand 
widow,  "  Mr.  Francis  Weare  of  Silverton,  Esq.,"  and  Mrs.  Grace 
Weare,  Mrs.  Grace  Weare  the  younger,  "my  Goddaughter," 
John  Weaie,  and  Elizabeth  Weaie"  his  younger  Sister,"  Mr. 
John  Slade  and  Mary  his  wife.  To  poor  of  Silverton,  £\O, 
Bickleigh  £5,  and  bequest  also  to  poor  of  "  Chitherly."  He 
adds,  "  ihe  Silver  Tankert,  Silver  Salt,  and  Silver  spoons  I 
intend  to  distribute  with  my  own  hands."  To  Mrs.  Grace 
Bryand  my  Sister  £52  los.  &  my  great  gold  ring  and  my 
Sealing  ring  with  my  coat  of  arms  cut  upon  the  ring."  There 
is  further  mention  of  Mary  and  Ann  Bryand,  daus.  of  said  Sister 
Grace,  Mrs.  Agnes  Evelleigh,  John  Holmes,  Junr.,  and  Ann  his 
Sister.  Residue  of  Estate,  lying  in  Ctediton,  Sandford,  and 
elsewhere,  to  said  kinsmen  William  and  Matthew  Wrayford, 
they  are  joint  Exors.  Proved  1 5th  Nov.,  1700. 

Armorial  Seal — six  times  repeated — a  chevron  between  3 
leopards'  faces  or  (Parker  Lord  Macclesfield). 

NOTE.— The  will  of  Edward  Wrayford  of  Silverton,  Proved  ipth 
Sept.,  1691,  is  sealed  with  the  same  Seal. 

I  believe  that  a  Seal  of  Chapman,  who  bore  somewhat  similar  arms, 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  39 

came  into  the  hands  of  Wm.  Wrayford  when  he  made  the  inventory  of 
John  Wreford  of  Bickleigh,  in  1670,  and  that  it  was  altered  and 
adopted  for  their  own  arms  by  the  Wrefords  or  Wrayfords  of  Silverton, 
between  1670  and  1690,  possibly  by  their  relative  "  William  Brjannd," 
the  Exeter  Goldsmith.  Richard  Bryan  became  Rector  of  Silverton 
1675,  and  died  1688.  I  presume  that  he  was  the  husband  of 
Grace  Wrayford,  and  the  father  of  the  Bryans  mentioned  by  Testator. 
A  Coat  of  Chapman  may  be  thus  blazoned  : — "  Per  chevron 
arg.  and  gu.,  a  crescent  between  3  leopards'  heads  counterchangrd." 
It  will  be  seen  that  the  substitution  of  a  chevron  for  the  partition 
lines  would  obliterate  the  crescent.  See  ante,  page  25,  1670. 


1702.  Katharine  Osmond  of  Tiverton,  widow.  To  Dorothy, 
wife  of  James  Crosse  of  Collompton,  Mercer,  dwelling  house, 
with  appurtenances  in  Tiverton.  £10  to  be  expended  on  the 
funeral.  To  Nicholas  Tucker,  a  life  annuity  of  io/-.  To  Kins- 
women Grace  and  Dorothy  Tucker,  2O/-  a  year.  To  said  Grace 
Tucker  "  a  paire  of  my  finest  sheets  and  of  my  finest  pillytys." 
To  brother  John  Conebee  ^5.  To  brother  Robert  Banbury  £$. 
To  Sister  Elizb.  Slee,  wife  of  John  Slee,  £5,  and  one  gold  ring, 
a  dozen  table  napkins  and  my  rideing  suite  and  mantle.  To 
Sister  Jane  Banbury  2O/-.  To  Kinsman  James  Crosse  of 
Collompton,  mercer,  2O/-.  To  his  daughter  Dorothy  2O/-.  To 
Sister  Elizabeth  Slee's  four  children,  John,  Nicholas,  Edwd., 
and  Elizabeth,  2O/-  each.  To  brother  John  Coneby's  two 
children,  John  and  Thomas,  2O/-  each.  To  brother  Robert 
Banbury 's  five  children  -  To  Kinswoman  Grace  Banbury 

5<D/-  and  a  gold  ring.  To  Kinsman  Robert  Banbury  the  younger 
2O/-.  To  Kinswoman  Mary  Banbury  2O/-.  To  Grace  Holle 
and  Elizb.  Hooper,  my  kinswomen,  2O/-  each.  Residue  to 
Dorothy  Crosse,  wife  of  James  Crosse,  "  my  kinswoman,"  who 
is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  Thos.  and  Wm.  ttaron. 

Dated  5th  May,  1696.     Proved  23rd  Ap.,  1702. 


1706.  Henry  Sanger  of  Poughill,  iQth  Oct.,  1695.  To 
Father,  Henry  Sanger,  55.  To  Mother,  Joane  Sanger,  5$. 
Residue  to  Sisters,  Joane  and  Elizabeth  Sanger,  who  are  joint 
Exors.  Proved  28th  June,  1706. 

Witnesses,  Saml.  Chappell  and  Jone  Melhuish. 

Sum  j£47  45.  4d. 


40  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1708.  The  last  Will  of  James  Tucker,  the  elder,  of  the 
city  of  Exeter,  Gentleman,  22nd  Dec,  1708.  He  leaves 
to  his  five  children,  James  Tucker ;  Dorothy,  wife  of  Peter 
Morse  of  Tiverton,  Grocer;  Margaret  Tucker,  Jane,  and  Sarah 
Tucker,  in  equal  parts,  all  his  property  and  houses  in  the 
parishes  of  St.  Edmund  and  St.  Mary  Arches,  both  in  the 
City  of  Exeter,  together  with  "four  estates"  in  the  parish  of 
Collumpton. 

The  houses  in  St.  Mary  Arches  Parish  were  then  in  possession 
of  Jonathan  Fox,  Yeoman.  Testator  had  other  property  in 
the  parishes  of  St.  Pancras  and  St.  Kerrian,  both  in  Exeter. 

"To  said  Jane  Tucker,  my  Chest  of  Drawers,  my  books, 
my  brother  Risdon's  picture,  and  my  mourning  ring  which 
I  wear  outside  my  signet  ring." 

To  said  Sarah  Tucker,  "  my  flower  dressing  box  inlaid, 
my  book  styled  '  The  Whole  Duty  of  Man.' " 

To  Thomasine  and  Bridget  Stephens,  a  guinea  piece  of 
gold  each. 

"  To  my  Son,  James  Tucker,  my  Gold  ring  with  a  Cornelian 
stone,  and  my  Coate  of  Arms  sett  and  engraved  thereon  to 
keep  and  wear  in  remembrance  of  me." 

"To  Katherine  wife  of  Jonathan  Fox,  yeoman,  my  Venise 
glass.'"' 

Residue  to  daus.  Jane  and  Sarah,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved  7th  Jany.,   1708. 


1709.  The  last  Will  of  Joane  Tucker  of  the  City  of  Exeter, 
widow,  1 8th  June,  1709. 

To  her  Cousin  Gertrude,  wife  of  Henry  Turney,  Gentleman, 
and  to  her  son,  Richard  Turney,  £100.  To  Barbara,  Sister 
of  sd.  Gertrude  and  wife  of  John  Baker,  Clerk,  £100. 

To  Cousin,  Courtenay  Croker,  Esq.,  £50,  in  trust  for  use 
of  Cousin  Dorothy,  wife  of  Cousin  Samuel  Axe. 

To  said  Courtenay  Croker  £100  in  trust  for  Dorothy,  dau.  of 
sd.  Samuel  Axe  and  wife  of  Bernard  Pennin^ton 

& 

To  Cousin  Stephen  Bryan  £150,  and  further,  £50  in  trust 
for  Rachel  Bryan,  his  sister,  "lately  married."  To  Cousins 
Joseph,  Samuel,  and  Elizabeth  Bryan,  and  Cousin  Joseph,  Son 


DEVONSHIRE     IV ILLS.  41 

of  Samuel  Axe,  .£50  each.  To  Mrs.  Eleanor  Moore,  School- 
mistress in  Exeter,  £50,  with  remainder  to  her  dau.,  Mrs. 
Susannah  Moore.  To  Brother  and  Sister  Farthinge,  405.  each 
for  mourning  rings.  To  "  Servant  maid "  Martha  Powning, 
^200  and  all  her  clothes.  To  William  Rous  of  Faringdon, 
Gentleman,  .£50.  To  Florence  Sprague  of  Mary  Clist,  widow, 
£20.  To  Cousin  Robert  Bryan,  Rector  of  Clist  St.  Mary, 
the  advowson  of  said  Church,  to  him  and  his  heirs  for  ever, 
and  also  a  meadow  at  Clist,  to  pay  out  of  the  latter  8s.  p.  a. 
for  ever  towards  repairing  the  poor  houses  in  Bishop  Clist 
Town.  To  sd.  Robert  Bryan  and  Charles  Heron  of  Exeter, 
Gent™-,  the  fee  simple  of  a  house,  Garden,  and  Orchard  in 
Bishops  Clist  Town,  in  trust  to  permit  Edward  Lang  and 
Margaret  his  wife,  and  Martha  Powning,  widow,  to  have  the 
same  for  their  lives,  and  after  their  deaths  the  said  house  to 
he  an  Alms  house  for  two  ancient  poor  persons  of  Clist  St. 
Mary.  To  the  same  Trustees  she  leaves  her  house  in  which  she 
resides  in  St.  Mary  Arches  for  the  use  of  the  Minister  of 
that  parish. 

To    her   Trustees,   for   their   trouble    in    executing   the    said 
Trust,  she  gives  a  broad  piece  of  Gold. 

Residue  to   Robert   Bryan,  Samuel   Axe,    and  Saml.  Bryan, 
who  are  joint  Exors. 

Administration  granted   to  Robert  Bryan  and   Samuel  Axe, 
8th  March,   1709-10. 


1712.  Susanna  Osmond  of  Halberton,  widow,  dated  9th 
Feby.,  1711.  She  confirms  a  deed  beating  date  i6th  Feby., 
9th  Qn.  Anne,  between  the  said  Susanna  of  the  ist  part,  and 
James  Osmond  of  Bycott,  Halberton,  Gentleman,  her  son,  of 
2nd  part,  Jeremiah  Hussey  of  Okehampton  of  3rd  part,  and 
Anthony  Codner  of  Cullompton  of  the  4th  parr.  Provisions 
of  this  deed  not  expressed. 

She  bequeaths  to  daughter  Susanna  ^100  in  excess  of  .£200 
given  her  by  said  deed. 

"  My  sylver  bowle  &  Damask  Napkins,  my  pair  of  Vir- 
gennalls,  my  Side  Saddle,  fyve  sylver  spoons  marked  with  the 
letter  M.  All  my  old  gold  and  gold  rings,  except  my  new 
signet  ring,  which  I  give  to  my  Exor. 


42  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

To  my  Grandchildren  Thomas,  John,  and  Mary  May,  and 
Grace  Sanford,  5/-  each.  To  Son-in-law  Phineas  May,  and 
daughter-in-law  Mary  Osmond  5/-  each.  To  Servants  I/-  each, 
and  to  the  poor  io/-. 

Residue  to  Son  James,  who  is  sole   Executor. 

Proved   25th   Nov.,    1712. 


1720.     Last  Will  of  Mary   Lyle  of  Topsham,  widow. 

Whereas  her  late  father  Nicholas  Downe  by  his  will  dated 
Dec.  31,  1713,  gave  her  daughters  Sarah  and  Mary  Lyle 
certain  estates  in  Rockbeare  and  Ellesbeare  (Aylesbeare) 
between  them,  on  condition  that  if  Mary  should  take  the 
whole  she  should  pay  her  sister  .£500 ;  and  that  was  not 
enough  in  value  for  the  moiety,  she  therefore  gives  her 
daughter  Sarah  .£700  payable  on  Mary's  attaining  the  age  6f 
21  and  exercising  the  option  ;  but  if  she  did  not,  the  bequest 
to  be  equally  divided  between  them. 

She  leaves  a  legacy  to  her  cousin  John  Saunders  of  Pinhoe 
and  his  son  John,  and  to  her  sisters  Martha  Waad  and  Martha 
Brand,  making  them  Executors  in  trust. 

If  her  daughters  should  die  under  age  or  unmarried,  she  leaves 
Rebecca,  wife  of  John  Saunders  the  elder,  ,£100;  to  Mrs.  Jane 
Westcott  of  Farringdon,  Devon,  widow,  ;£ioo  ;  and  to  Deborah, 
wife  of  John  Bishop,  of  Marsh  Green  in  Rockbeare,  ,£5. 

Will  dated  Jany.  4th,  1717/8. 

First  probate,  Aug.  6th,  1720,  to  said  Executors. 

Second  probate,  April  loth,  1728,  to  John  Chappell,  a  qnaker, 
who  makes  affidavit  and  values  the  goods. 

Third  probate,  March  I2th,  1728-9,  to  Sarah  Lyle,  alias  Gibbs, 
widow,  and  Mary  Lyle,  alias  Burridge,  wife  of  Samuel  Burridge, 
daughters  and  co-executrixes  of  the  deceased. 

Seal — Argent,  io  billets,  4,  3  2,  and  I. 


1723.     The  last  Will  of  George  Gibbs  of  Clyst  St.  George. 

He  bequeaths  all  his  goods  and  chattels  in  Clyst  St.  George, 
and  devises  all  his  lands  in  Clyst  St.  Mary,  being  part  of  the 
Manor  of  Ashmore,  to  Francis  Pease,  Minister  of  the  Parish, 
excepting  certain  legacies,  namely,  8  sixpenny  loaves  to  the 
poor  labourers  of  Clyst  St.  Mary  every  Christmas  Easter,  and 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  43 

Whitsuntide,  and  the  1st  Sunday  in  May,  for  ever  ;  and  16  like 
loaves  at  the  same  time  to  the  poor  of  Clyst  St.  George  ;  and, 
every  second  year,  out  of  the  yearly  profits  of  the  said  lands,6hatts 
for  6  poor  boys,  and  provision  for  4  poor  children  to  be  kept  to 
reading  school,  and  that  they  have  each  a  bible  at  going  off; 
and  if  a  lad  shall  happen  to  be  sent  from  this  parish  to  either 
University,  he  is  to  have  £4.  a  year  for  4  years  ;  provided  that 
all  these  be  in  communion  with  ye  Church  of  England,  and 
constant  at  ye  parish  Church.  He  makes  his  most  affectionate 
friend  and  Minister  Francis  Pease  his  sole  Executor,  leaving 
him  all  his  lands,  goods,  and  chattels  for  his  life,  making  reference 
to  a  conveyance  executed  some  time  before.  He  leaves  to  his 
sister  Brinley  a  bond  for  .£100  due  by  her  husband  ;  also  he 
leaves  io/-  to  be  paid  for  a  charity  sermon  to  be  preached  on 
the  first  Sunday  in  May  for  ever  ;  and  desires  to  be  buried  with- 
out pompe  or  noise. 

Will  dated  July  i8th,  1721.  Proved  by  Francis  Pease, 
Octr.  nth,  1723. 

Witnesses — Silvester  Suxpitch. 
Richard  Humphry. 
Walter  Wood. 

NOTES. — Testator  was  buried  at  Clyst  St.  George,  August  gth, 
1723. 

His  sister  was  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Benjamin  Brinley,  and  daughter 
of  George  Gibbs,  of  Clyst  St.  George,  1683. 

1724.  Last  Will  of  Philip  Gibbs  of  Shobrooke. 

Leaves  his  lands  in  Upton  Helions  and  Shobrooke  to  John 
Primridge  of  Sanford,  and  John  Frost  of  Crediton,  in  trust 
during  the  life  of  his  sister-in-law  Sarah  Rither,  for  his  daughters 
Mary,  wife  of  Philip  Pyle,  and  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Anthony  Harris, 
Executor. 

Will  dated  May  2Oth,  1724.     Proved  March  4th,  1724-5. 

Admon  de  bonis  non  granted  January  7th,  1732,  to  William 
Harris  or  Winter. 

Witnesses — 

NOTE. — Testator  was  second  son  of  Philip  Gibbe  of  Shobrooke, 
1661. 


44  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1725.     John    Osmond    of    St.    Sidwells,    Tallow    Chandler. 

To  wife  Elizabeth,  an  annuity  of  £20  and  one  room  in  his 
house.  Household  goods  to  remain  with  Sons  Joseph  and 
Samuel.  To  daughter  Elizabeth  £500,  to  daughter  Grace, 
wife  of  Nathaniel  Cock  of  Bideford,  Clerk,  £50.  To  said 
Son,  Joseph,  £100.  To  said  Sons,  his  leasehold  property  in 
St.  Sidwells,  and  a  freehold  house  in  St.  George's  Parish.  To 
the  four  Presbyterian  Ministers,  Mr.  S.  Enty,  Mr.  Withers, 
Mr.  Lavington,  and  Mr.  Green  £i  is.  each.  2O/-  to  his  wife 
Elizabeth  in  trust  for  the  poor  people  of  St.  Sidwells  parish. 
Residue  to  said  Sons  Joseph  and  Samuel ;  they  are  Joint  Exors. 

Witnesses,  Esayah  Broadmead,  Francis  Worth,  John  Broad- 
mead. 

Dated  4th  Dec.,  1723.     Proved   I4th  June,  1725. 

Seal  of  Anns,     3  horses  Courant. 

NOTE-. — These  are  the  Arms  of  Fry  of  Yarty,  and  the  ring  seal 
evidently  belonged  to  Francis  Worth,  the  witness,  one  of  the  "four 
children "  of  Francis  Worth  of  Exeter,  and  Great  Grandson  of 
Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Nicholas  Fry  of  Yarty,  and  of  her  husband 
Henry  Worth  of  Worth  in  Washfield. 


1726.  The    Last    Will     of    Abraham     Gibbs    of    Topsham, 
Gentleman. 

Leaves  £$OO  to  his  son  George  Abraham  Gibbs.  .£300  to 
his  daughter  Anna  Gibbs.  £21  and  no  more  to  his  wife 
Sarah  Gibbs. 

Exors.  in  trust,  John  Ewins,  John  Rous,  and  the  Revd. 
Mr.  Christopher  Ewin  (Rector  of  Feniton). 

Will  dated   i6th  Sept.,  1726.     Proved  Oct.  24th,  1726. 

Witnesses 

NOTE.— Testator's  wife  was  daughter  and  coheir  of  Robert  Lyle 
of  Topsham,  widow  of  ...  Ewings. 

1727.  Administration  to  the  effects  of    Stephen  Worthy  of 
St.  Davids,  Exeter.     Granted  8th  Nov.,  1727,  to  Anne  his  wife. 

NOTE.— He  was  grandson  of  George  Worth,  "or  Worthy,"  of  1637, 
and  great-great-grandfather  of  the  Editor  of  this  work.  Since  his 
time,  the  final  "  e,"  abandoned  in  the  elder  line  by  Anthony  Worth 
of  Worth,  1517,  has  been  also  entirely  abandoned  by  us,  and  our 
name  written  as  above ;  in  accordance,  however,  with  the  old 
pronunciation. — ED. 


DEVONSHIRE     IV I  U.S.  45 

1729.  Elizabeth  Evans  of  St.  David's,  Exeter,  Widow,  dated 
2Oth  April,  1729. 

Slie  gives  all  her  goods  to  Nicholas  Hamling  of  Exeter, 
in  Trust  for  Magdalen,  wife  of  Thomas  Saunders. 

Administration  granted  to  Nicholas  Hamling,  171!!  Oct.,  1724. 

1733.  Administration  to  effects  of  Francis  Evans  of  Exeter, 
granted  to  Edward  his  Son,  i8th  Dec.,  1733. 


1730.  Mark  Swanger  of  Clehanger,  Yeoman.  To  brother 
Moses  Swanger  £20.  To  John,  Son  of  John  Minchin  of 
Clehanger,  £4.  To  Grace,  daughter  of  said  John  Minchin, 
£4.  The  Moiety  of  "  my  estate,"  called  Bond  house,  to 
Cousin  Robert  Milford  of  Norton  Fitzwarren,  Husband- 
man, and  to  Cousin  John,  Son  of  brother  Thomas  Swanger, 
and  their  heirs.  And  the  leasehold  moiety  of  the  same 
estate  is  also  bequeathed  to  them,  but  charged  with 
annuities  of  £10  and  £$  to  brothers  Moses  and  Thomas.  To 
Cousins  Elizabeth,  Joan,  Mary,  and  Sarah,  daughters  of 
Brother  Thomas,  .£5  each.  To  Cousin  Jane,  daughter  of 
Brother  Moses,  £5.  To  Brother  Robert  Swanger  and  Sarah, 
his  daughter,  £5  each. 

2  Trustees,  Moses  and  Thomas  Swanger. 

Residue  to  said  Robert  Milford  and  John  Swanger,  who  are 
Joint  Exors. 

Witnesses,  John  Swanger,  Mary  Isaac,  Richd.  Loudon, 
John  Minchin,  Senr. 

Dated    iotn    Aug.,    1728.      Proved    3Oth    July,    1730. 


1734.  The  last  Will  of  Elizabeth  Worth  of  St.  Sid  wells, 
Exeter,  26th  Jany.,  1733. 

She  desires  to  be  buried  with  her  deceased  husband  in 
the  Chancel  of  Washfield  Church. 

She  leaves  to  her  five  younger  Sons,  Henry,  Bampfyld, 
Simon,  Reginald,  and  Samuel  Worth,  .£10  each.  She 
mentions  her  Son,  Furse  Worth,  lately  deceased. 

She  leaves  her  daughter  Dorothy  her  gold  watch,  and  to 
her  daughter  Susannah  her  pearl  necklace. 


46  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

To  her  daughter  Matilda  her  "gold  medall  "  and  her 
diamond  ring.  To  her  brother-in-law,  the  Revd.  Mr.  Canon 
Worth,  and  to  her  Cousin  Francis  Worth,  a  mourning  ring 
each.  To  Mr.  John  Parsons,  Apothecary,  Exeter,  and  to 
Mr.  John  Norman,  Apothecary,  Tiverton,  a  mourning  ring 
each. 

She  leaves  the  residue  of  her  estate  to  her  said  Sons, 
Simon,  Reginald,  and  Samuel,  and  to  her  six  daughters, 
Mary,  Elizb.,  Bridget,  Dorothy,  Susannah,  and  Matilda,  who 
are  Joint  Exors. 

Witnesses,    John    Fortescue,    "  Catherine  Dummitt." 

Proved    ipth    Sept.,    1734. 

Crest  Seal,  in  red  wax  :  an  heraldic  tiger,  supporting  between 
its  paws  a  shield  charged  with  a  bend  betw.  2  bendlets. 
Fortescue. 

NOTES. — This  was  evidently  Dr.  John  Fortescue's  Seal.  He  was  of 
Bampton,  Co.  Oxon,  and  a  Bachelor  of  Medicine.  He  died 
unmarried  in  1752,  and  was  the  last  of  the  name  of  Fortescue  at 
Buckland  Filleigh. 

Mrs.  Worth,  the  Testatrix,  was  the  widow  of  John  Wonh  of 
Wurth,  Grandson  of  Henry  Worth,  whose  Will,  proved  1680,  has 
been  given  ante.  She  was  dau.  and  heir  of  John  Furse  of  Morshead, 
in  the  parish  of  Dean  Piior. 


1737.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Huyshe  of  Baliol  College, 
Oxford,  28th  March,  1731.  He  constitutes  his  father,  Francis 
Huyshe  of  Clist-Hidon,  universal  legatee  and  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  25th  March,   1737. 

NOTE.  —He  was  second  son  of  the  Revd.  Francis  "  Huyshe,"  Rector 
of  Clist-Hidon,  and,  through  Wentworth,  Spencer,  and  Clare,  had  a 
direct  descent  from  Joan  Plantagenet,  second  dau.  of  Edward  I.,  a 
fact  referred  to  on  the  funeral  monument  of  his  four  sisters  in  Sidbury 
Church.  His  niece,  Ann  H.,  married  John  Mtlhuish  of  Hill,  in 
Cruse  Morchard,  and  was  Editor's  great-grandmother. 


1738.  Administration  to  the  Effects  of  George  Vigor  of 
Exeter,  granted  6th  Feby.,  1738,  to  Ann  Phillips,  wife  of 
John  Ulrich  Passavant,  his  Sister. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  47 

1738.  The  last  Will  of  Dorothy  Wrayford  of  St.  Mary 
Major's,  Exeter,  2Qth  June,  1738.  She  mentions  her  Sister, 
Elizb.  Prigg,  deceased.  She  recites  that  she  is  under  "covert 
baron,"  and  bequeaths  the  estate  set  apart  for  her  separate 
use.  To  "  brother-in-law  "  Thomas  Lavington,  the  house  in  St. 
Thomas,  now  in  possession  of  Thomas  Savory,  Haberdasher 
of  hats,  in  trust  for  my  dear  and  loving  husband,  Angel  Wray- 
ford, with  remainder  to  "  Cousin  "  Thomas  Lavington  the 
younger. 

Executor,  the  first-named  Thos.   Lavington. 

Seal.     A  Bull  passant.     Bevill. 

Proved  23rd  Aug.,   1738. 

NOTE. — The  Lavingtons  were  Exeter  merchants,  and  resided  for  some 
years  at  Larkbeare.  Thomas  Lavington  may  have  been  a  brother  of 
Andrew  Lavington  of  Larkbeare,  who  became  bankrupt  in  1737.  Dr. 
George  Lavington,  Bp.  of  Exeter  1746-62,  is  said  to  have  been  of 
this  family,  and  to  have  been  born  at  Heavitree,  near  Exeter.  It 
appears,  however,  that  he  was  really  born  at  Mildenhall,  Herts.,  of 
which  parish  his  Grandfather  was  Incumbent. 


1744.  The  last  will  of  Mary  Carwithen  of  the  City  of  Exeter, 
Spinster,  I2th  Jany.,  1742.  To  brother  William  Carwithen, 
£10.  To  Sister  Sarah  Atkin,  £10.  To  Cousin  Penelope 
Saffin,  for  mourning,  £10.  To  Cousin  Robert  Atkin,  £20. 
To  Cousin  Anne  Westcote,  £5.  To  Cousin  Charles  Carwithen, 
£5.  To  Cousin  George  Carwithen,  £5.  To  Cousin  John 
Carwithen,  the  Minister,  £3.  To  Cousin  John,  Son  of  Cousin 
Elizabeth  Maye,  a  moidore.  To  Cousins  John  and  Edmund 
Atkin,  ^5  each.  To  John  Bassctt,  Esq.,  of  Heanton  Court, 
£2  2s.  for  a  ring.  To  Cousin  Wm.  Atkin,  Esq.,  her  best 
diamond  ring,  failing  his  heirs  remainder  of  said  ring  to  his 
Sisters.  To  Cousin  Mary  Atkin,  her  gold  watch,  which  belonged 
to  her  late  brother  Cudmore,  of  Templeton.  Legacies  to 
Cousin  Edmund  Carwithen,  and  to  Miss  Mary  Walrond, 
daughter  of  Dr.  Walrond,  Sister  Sarah  Atkin,  and  to  her 
Cousins,  the  6  daughters  of  her  sd.  Sister,  Sarah  Atkin,  who 
are  Joint  Executrixes  of  her  Will. 

By  Codicil  she  gives  legacies  to  Cousins  Joseph  Carwithen, 
Mary  C,  dau.  of  Cousin  Carwithen,  of  Crediton.  To  Church- 
wardens and  Overseers  of  Templeton  £\o,  to  be  placed  at 


48  DEVONSHIRE     IV ILLS. 

interest  to  keep  a  child  in  the  parish  school  "  to  learn  to  read 
the  Bible." 

£200  to  her  said  Cousin  Penelope  Saffin. 

Proved  by  Mary  Atkin  and  Anne  Westcote,  two  of  the 
Exors.,  Feb.  I2th,  1744. 

The  last  Will  of  Mary  Carvvithen  of  the  Parish  of  St. 
Petrock  and  City  of  Exeter,  Spinster,  7th  Sept.,  1751. 

She  directs  that  her  body  shall  be  buried  in  a  vault  in  the 
Parish  Church  of  Crediton,  in  the  grave  of  her  late  brother, 
William  Carvvithen,  and  bequeaths  legacies  to  her  mother, 
Esther,*  and  to  her  niece,  Esther,  dau.  of  brother  John. 

Residue  to  said  brother,  John  Carwithen,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  Feb.   I3th,   1752. 


1752.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Joan  Worth  of 
Worth,  in  the  parish  of  Washfield,  Granted  to  Henry  Worth, 
her  husband. 

Simon    Worth    of  Washfield,  Gentleman,  and  John  Brayley 
of  Tiverton,  join  in  the  bond. 

Granted  5th  June,  1752. 

N.B. — Henry  Worth  was  second  son  of  John  Worth  of  Worth, 
M.P.  for  Tiverton,  1710. 


1767.  The  last  Will  of  Mary,  wife  of  Simon  Worth  of 
Washfield,  Gentleman,  22nd  Nov.,  1766. 

She  settles  Treneeres,  in  the  parish  of  "  Maddrin  "  and  Co. 
of  Cornwall,  which  had  been  secured  to  her  by  settlement, 
upon  her  mother  Lydia,  wife  of  Samuel  Harness  of  Washfield, 
Clerk,  and  upon  her  husband  Simon  Worth,  unless  he  marries 
again.  She  mentions  her  Uncle  Arthur  Harris  of  Lifton, 
Clerk. 

Her  Cousin  William  Oliver  and  his  heirs  have  reversion  of 
said  estate  for  ever. 

By  Codicil,  3rd  Dec.,  1766,  she  leaves  certain  bequests,  viz., 
To  John  Pierce,  Esq.,  of  Chancery  Lane,  London,  £100.  To 
Revd.  Philip  Atherton  and  his  wife  Betty  £50  each.  To 

*  She  was  dau.   of   Henry  Walrond,   Esq.,  of    Bradfield,   Co.   Devon. 


DE I -QNSH1RE     H  '11.  /.  .S . 


49 


uncles  John  and  Arthur  Harris,  and  to  the  Hon.  Mrs.  Harris. 
To  mother,  Lydia  Harness,  "  my  watch  and  all  my  trinkets, 
except  the  Seal  with  the  Oliver  Arms,  my  large  chased  silver 
waiter,  my  father's  picture  and  her  picture  now  in  the  little  parlour 
at  Worth,"  "  the  picture  of  Dr.  Oliver,  my  hoop  diamond,  and 
best  diamond  ring."  To  cousin  "Miss  Caroline  Oliver,"  "my 
shagreen  tea  chest  compleat,  my  silver  tea  candlesticks,  my 
best  stone  shoe  buckles,  my  two  best  suits  of  lace,  my  best 
sack,  my  little  ruby  ring  set  with  brilliant  sparks."  To  Mrs. 
Elizabeth  Acland  "my  smelling  bottle  in  case"  and  "my  Seal 
with  the  Oliver  Arms."  To  Beavis  Wood,  "  my  silver  labels." 
To  cousin  Susannah  Benson,  a  mourning  ring.  To  said 
husband,  Simon  Worth,  four  silver  table  spoons  and  six 
common  tea  spoons.  To  said  mother,  the  use  of  my  silver- 
hafted  knives  and  forks,  to  revert  to  uncle  Arthur  Harris. 
To  Revd.  Mr.  John  Cruwys  my  silver  tea  kettle  and  lamp, 
and  a  mourning  ring. 
Proved  Oct.  151!!,  1767. 

NOTES. — Simon  Worth  of  Washfield  was  the  fourth  son  of  John 
Worth  of  Worth,  M  P.  for  Tiverton,  by  his  wife,  Elizabeth  Furse. 
Testatrix  was  the  dau.  of  Lydia,  second  daughter  of  Christopher 
Harris  of  Hayne,  in  the  parish  of  Lifton,  by  Jane  (Oliver?),  his 
wife.  The  Revd.  Samuel  Harness  was  Rector  of  Washfield  on  the 
presentation,  for  that  turn,  of  John  Harris  of  Hayne;  he  died  in  1786. 

John  Harris  of  Hayne,  who  was  Master  of  the  Household  to 
George  II.  and  George  III.,  died  two  days  before  his  niece's  Will  was 
proved,  i3th  Oct.,  1767. 

"The  Hon.  Mrs.  Harris,"  his  second  wife,  was  a  dau.  of  Francis 
Seymour,  Lord  Conway  ;  she  died  in  1774. 

The  Revd.  Arthur  Harris  was  Rector  of  Lifton,  and  died  in  1770. 


1769.  Administration  of  the  Goods  of  Elizabeth  Meachin 
of  Clyst  St.  Mary's,  deceased,  granted  to  Elizabeth  Gibbs  her 
daughter,  wife  of  John  Gibbs  of  Topsham,  mariner.  George 
Abraham  Gibbs  of  Exeter,  Joseph  Paul  of  Thornecombe,  and 
David  Williams  of  Exeter,  Sureties. 

Date  of  Grant,  Septr.  ist,  1769. 

NOTE.— Refer  to  P.  C.  C,  Jan.  3ist,  1795,  George  Abraham  Gibbs. 
Nov.  jrd,  1778,  John  Gibbs. 


5o  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1778.  A  special  Admon  of  the  goods  of  Isaac  Gibbs  so  far  as 
concerned  a  term  of  years,  sets  forth  that  Indres  of  Lease  and 
Release  dated  March  28th,  1689,  were  made  between  Benjamin 
Oliver,  Joseph  his  son,  John  Mercer  of  Ottery  St.  Mary,  Thomas 
Brooking,  Anthony  Mapowder,  and  Isaac  Gibbs,  Margaret 
Prideaux  of  Soledon,  widow,  and  Margaret  Mercer,  spinster, 
whom  Joseph  Oliver  meant  to  marry,  and  did  so  marry,  and  did 
die  leaving  issue,  Elizabeth,  wife  of  William  Williams  of  Exon., 
M.D. ;  and  that  John  Mercer,  Thomas  Brooking,  and  Anthony 
Mapowder  died,  and  Isaac  Gibbs  survived,  but  died  intestate, 
and  that  now  there  was  no  legal  representative  of  Isaac  Gibbs  ; 
and  that  Admon  was  therefore  granted  as  prayed. 

Date  of  Grant,  2Oth  September,  1778. 


1785.  The  last  Will  of  John  Gattey  of  St.  Sid  wells,  Exeter, 
Baker. 

He  leaves  his  wife  his  property  in  said  Parish,  with  remainder 
to  his  son  Joseph. 

He  mentions  certain  furniture  in  the  room  in  which  his  son 
Edward  lodges. 

He  also  mentions  his  daughters,  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Richard 
Hopkins,  Susannah,  wife  of  Shirley  Woolmer,  and  Jemima 
Gattey. 

And  his  two  sons,  John  and  William  Gattey.  His  grand- 
children, Patience  and  John,  children  of  the  said  John.  He 
refers  to  his  property  in  Paris  Street,  St.  Sid  wells. 

Dated  27th  Dec.,   1784. 

Proved   3ist  Jan.,   1785. 

NOTES.— The  Gatteys  are  believed  to  have  come  to  Exeter  from 
Cornwall. 

The  son,  Edward  Gattey,  was  a  solicitor  in  Exeter,  and  was  elected 
Town  Clerk  loth  Sept.,  1814,  resigned  1836.  His  daughter  married 
Wm.,  only  brother  of  Sir  Francis  Sykes,  Bart,  i;th  Dec.,  1821,  at 
Lympstone.  His  brother  Joseph  followed  the  trade  of  a  builder.  John 
Gattey  was  of  the  Cricklepitt  Mills,  Exeter,  and  died  5th  June,  1825. 
The  Woolmers  were  long  the  proprietors  of  the  Exeter  and  Plymouth 
Gazette.  The  property  in  Paris  St.  is  still  known  as  "  Gattey's  Court." 


BEVOXSHIRE     IV ILLS.  51 

1786.  Administration  to  the  Effects  of  Elizabeth  Mortimore 
of  the  City  of  Exeter,  deed.,  intestate.  Granted  Feby.  gth,  1786, 
to  Humphry  Mortimore  her  husband.  John  Evans  of  the  said 
City,  Gentleman,  and  Robert  Lewis,  also  of  Exeter,  "  Wool 
Sorter,"  join  the  bond. 


1798.  The  last- Will  of  Mary  Carwithen  of  St.  Sid  wells,  Exeter, 
April  1 8th,  1788. 

She  bequeaths,  inter  alia,  "  Three  family  pictures  in  gilt  frames" 
to  the  Revd.  George  Carwithen,  and  there  are  also  legacies  to 
the  Chichester  family  of  Hall.  Proved  July  28th,  1798. 

NOTE. — Some  years  ago,  the  Editor  saw  two  or  three  pictures  of 
the  Carwithen  family,  by  Sir  Peter  Lely,  at  Gidleigh  Park,  Chagfoni, 
and  the  owner,  Mr.  Whipham,  told  him  that  they  had  been  given 
him  by  one  of  the  sons  of  the  late  Revd.  W.  Carwithen,  D.D.,  of 
Manaton  Rectory,  &c.,  &c.  The  Carwithens  purchased  the  advowson 
of  Manaton  Rectory  immediately  after  the  Great  Rebellion,  and  the 
Revd.  W.  Carwithen  is  still  the  Rector,  1892. 


1803.  Administration  to  the  Effects  of  Henry  Pearce  of  the 
Parish  of  St.  Kerrian  and  City  of  Exeter,  late  mercer,  deceased. 
Granted  to  Benjamin  Mardon,  principal  creditor,  his  wife 
Elizabeth  having  renounced. 

He  seems  to  have  left  a  child,  also  deceased  since  his  death. 
Granted  23rd  May,  1803. 


1806.  Special  Admon  of  the  Goods  of  Anne  Gibbs  of  Exeter, 
widow,  so  far  as  related  to  a  term  of  years.  It  appears  that  she 
died  intestate,  that  her  husband,  George  Abraham  Gibbs,  was 
Exor.  to  Will  of  Lucy  Waymouth,  widow,  dated  Oct.  29,  1770, 
together  with  John  Trehawke,  in  trust  for  Mary,  Lucy,  John, 
and  George  Waymouth,  her  children  ;  that  Lucy  Waymouth 
made  a  codicil,  Jan.  4th,  1779,  and  died  1781  ;  that  her  children 
had  long  since  attained  the  age  of  21  ;  that  Timothy  Kenrick, 
Clerk,  had  married  Mary  Waymouth,  and  died  in  his  (G.-G.-G.'s) 
lifetime;  that  Thomas  Kenrick  died  1805,  leaving  a  will  dated 
June  1 7th,  1801,  and  that  John  Trehawke  died  1788. 


1827.  Administration  to  the  Effects  of  Robert  Pierce,  late 
of  the  City  of  Exeter,  granted  3Oth  Oct.,  1827,  to  Mary  his 
widow.  Under  £50. 


52  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1878.  The  last  Will  of  John  Francis  Worth  of  Worth 
House,  in  the  Parish  of  Washfield,  dated  Nov.  7th,  1871. 

He  leaves  certain  furniture  and  china  at  Worth  to  his  wife, 
and  certain  old  furniture  there  to  his  daughter. 

He  mentions  his  brother,  Francis  Worth,  as  tenant  in  tail 
of  Wychanger  and  Luckham,  both  in  Somerset.  He  leaves 
these  two  estates  in  equal  shares  to  his  children,  Reginald 
and  Henrica. 

Exors.,  George  Porter  of  Littleton  Rectory,  Chertsey,  Surrey, 
Isabella  my  wife,  and  Henrica  my  daughter. 

Codicil,  1 5th  May,  1872.  He  refers  to  the  death  of  his 
brother  Francis.  He  mentions  that  he  is  only  tenant  for  life 
at  Worth,  and  desires  his  son  Reginald  to  allow  his  widow 
to  remain  there  for  three  months  after  his  death. 

Proved  soth  July,   1878.     Under  £3,000. 

NOTES. — The  Worth  wills  included  in  this  volume  are  all  interesting, 
since  they  pertain  to  one  of  the  oldest  Devonshire  County  Families. 

From  the  "Domesday  Survey"  of  1087,  when  Ralph  of  Worth 
held  Worth  under  Wm.  de  Pollei,  the  elder  line  of  Worth  have  been 
seated  there  in  an  unbroken  succession  down  to  the  above  Testator. 

Towards  the  end  of  the  twelfth  century,  Sir  Hugh  Worthe  of  Worth, 
married  Avis,  daughter  of  his  neighbour  at  Tiverton  Castle,  Richard 
de  Redvers,  third  Earl  of  Devon.  The  eighth  in  descent  from  him 
married  Margerie,  daughter  and  co-heir  of  Hugh  Beauchamp,  about 
1385.  By  this  marriage  they  acquired  Beauchamp  and  other  property 
in  Washfield,  together  with  the  Manor,  and  the  Advowson  of 
Washfield  Church,  which  had  belonged  to  the  Abbots  of  Plympton, 
Alice  Abbot  having  been  grandmother  of  Margerie  Beauchamp. 
The  fourth  in  descent  from  Thomas  Worth  and  Margerie  Beauchamp 
was  Anthony  Worth  of  Worth,  alive  1523.  Amerced  at  Totnes  Castle 
that  year,  Washfield  Manor  being  held  from  the  honour  of  Totnes. 

The  above  Testator,  Mr.  John  Francis  Worth  of  Worth,  was  ninth 
in  direct  descent  from  the  said  Anthony  Worth.  Mr.  John  F.  Worth 
left  two  children,  viz.,  the  Revd.  Reginald  Worth,  heir-in  tail  of 
Washfield,  who  married,  but  died  without  issue  i2th  March,  1880. 
His  sister  Henrica,  mentioned  in  the  Will,  was  the  wife  of  the  Revd. 
Wm.  Lloyd  Jones,  Rector  of  Washfield,  who  assumed  the  name  of 
Worth  by  Royal  license,  1882,  and  died  January  8th,  1884.  Worth 
House  and  Manor,  with  other  property  in  Washfield,  were  advertised 
for  sale  in  1887,  when  a  portion  was  sold  and  realized  ^20,000. 
In  the  following  year,  1888,  another  advertisement  appeared  in  the 
local  papers,  and  the  residue  of  the  estate,  together  with  Worth  House 
(a  fine  old  mansion  rebuilt  about  the  reign  of  Queen  Anne),  was 
knocked  down  to  a  Mr.  Thomas  (who  had  made  a  fortune  in  South 
Africa),  November  i3th,  1888,  for  ,£35,000.  A  portion  of  the 
old  property  was  reserved  by  Mrs.  Worth,  who  subsequently  resided 
at  "  Beauchamp,"  and  died  there  1891. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  53 


ARCHDEACONRY    OF    BARNSTAPLE. 


1 563.  Robert  Thassell  of  Bulkeworthy,  in  Buckland  Brewer, 
Husbandman,  Dec.  I2th,  1563.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in 
the  Church  of  Buckland.  To  daughter  Ema  "all  the  unoccupied 
woll  the  sheep  bore  this  year,"  5/-  in  money  &  a  canvas 
sheet. 

Residue  to  daughter  Ales  Thassall. 

Witnesses — Sir  Thomas  Moorecroughte,  John  Burnaberie, 
Thomas  King. 

Proved  2nd  March,   1563-4. 


1565.  William  Tassell  of  Rose  Ash,  nth  March,  1564. 
Desires  to  be  buried  in  the  Parish  Church,  to  which  he  leaves 
35.  4d.  Legacies  to  William,  John,  Jane,  and  Ann  Payne. 

Halfendale  of  goods  to  wife  Margaret,  and  the  other  moiety 
to  Sons  John  and  Anthony.  Wife  and  two  Sons  Joint 
Exors. 

Rulers,  Alexander  Tasle  and   Henry  Vicarie.     Us  testibus. 

Proved   I4th  Jany.,  1565. 


1565.  Laurence  Tossell  of  Tawstke  (Tawstock),  i6th  Sept., 
1564.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in  Holy  Grave.  "To  my 
four  daughters  twenty  marks  in  money  to  be  divided  equally 
amongst  them,  that  is,  to  every  one  of  them  ,£3  6s.  8d.,"  and 
"  to  each  two  dishes  performed  &  a  hiefer  a-pice." 

To  Son  William,  "  six  sylver  spoones,  after  the  death  ot 
my  wife." 

To    John     Powe    /4d,   and    "to    ye   pore     mens    box   /I2d. 


54  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

To  Philip  Cradocke  a  yeo.  Residue  to  wief  Christian, 
who  is  Sole  Executrix." 

Witnesses — John  Combe,  "  Curat,"  Lewis  Cradocke,  John 
Comer,  Richard  Bond,  with  others. 

Proved    2/th    July,    1565. 


1565.  Roger  Worthe  of  Barnstaple,  Gentleman,  dated  28th 
Sept.,  1564.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in  Barum  Ch.,  "-in  the 
Isle  of  the  Blessed  Lady  as  near  my  wyffe  Joan  Worthe  as 
may  be." 

To  daughter  Johane  ten  "  Portugueses  which  my  mother 
Webber  gave  m^,"  also  the  Tenement,  &c.,  given  me  by  Henry 
Webber  and  Margerie,  his  wife.  To  Grace  Worthe,  my 
daughter,  seven  butts  of  Sacke  and  one  of  Malmsey,  and  the 
best  bed  standing  in  Mistress  ffynnels  chamber.  To  daughter 
Elizabeth  and  to  John  Smale  "  which  by  the  grace  of  God 
shall  marry  her,"  and  to  their  first  child,  a  tenement  "  I  bought 
of  John  Branple  of  Langtre." 

To  son  Pawle  Worthe  "  my  best  govvne  of  scarlet  furred 
with  '  fewnes,'  my  gowne  of  crymsone  ingrayne  faced  with 
white  satten,  my  doublett  of  blacke  velvett  agged  with 
golde,  my  tippett  of  velvett,"  together  with  sundry  "hangings," 
and  my  saile  of  Armes  which  I  doe  seal  withall,  and  my  blessing 
if  he  be  good  to  my  tenants." 

To  son  Walter  my  ring  of  golde. 

Residue  to  said  Walter,  who  is  sole  Executor.  He  gives 
his  father,  Roger  Worthe,  an  annuity  of  13/4  "for  four  years 
next  coming."  To  the  "  Spythall  house  of  Pylton  &  to  the 
Alms  House  of  Barum,  53/4,  by  the  Parson  of  Marwood. 

Proved  27th  July,   1565. 

NOTES. — Testator  was  nephew  of  John  Worthe  of  Compton,  and 
first  cousin  of  John  Worthe  of  Crediton',  whose  Will  was  proved 
in  the  Principal  Registry  on  the  4th  June,  1596  (which  see).  He 
was  M.P.  for  Barnstaple,  1553,  and  was  ancestor  of  the  Worths  of 
Timberscombe,  Co.  Someiset. 

His  mention  of  his  "  Mother  Webber,"  and  of  his  father,  "  Roger 
Worthe,"  proves,  conclusively,  that  the  Heralds  carelessly  omitted  a 
generation  at  the  Visitation  of  1564  as  they  make  him  son,  instead  of 
Grandson,  of  Otho  Worthe  of  Compton.  His  wife  was  Joan  Drew. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  55 

1565.  John  Toker  of  North  Molton,  24th  July,  1565.  To 
be  buried  in  "yc  Church  earth"  of  sd.  parish.  To  the 
Church  /I2d.  "To  the  poor  mens  chest"  /I2d.  To 
the  poor  of  parish  6s.  8d.  To  son,  Edmund  "  Tooker," 
six  little  silver  spoons,  two  oxen,  the  best  "  weyne,"  and 
a  brass  "  pott,"  "  according  to  my  promise  on  his  marriage." 
To  son  Wm.  "  Tooker,"  a  table  board,  six  silver  spoons,  &c. 
To  son  John,  best  yearling  and  three  sheep.  To  son  Peter, 
a  sheep.  "  Item — to  Thomas  his  (Peter's)  son,  a  yearling." 
To  Owen  Smith,  the  great  "standerd,"  and  to  his  daughter, 
a  yerling.  To  my  "  servant,"  a  calf.  To  daughter  Alice,  the 
residue  of  "my"'  puter  vessels.  Residue  to  his  "rulers,"  for 
the  use  of  daughters  Alice  and  Mary,  if  they  marry  with  their 
permission.  Exor.,  son  William.  Rulers,  brothers  William 
and  John  Tooker.  Overseers,  John  Slader  and  Wm.  Smith. 

Witnesses,  John  Gred,  Vicar,  and  said  Overseers. 

Proved   I2th  Sept.,   1565. 


1566.  Thomas  Toker  of  Trentishoe,  A.D.  1566.  He  desires 
to  be  buried  in  "  Holy  Turf,"  and  makes  his  brother  John 
Toker  of  Dene,  in  the  parish  of  Torrington  (Trentishoe?) 
Universal  Legatee  and  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses,  Phillipe  Miller,  John  Hancocke,  Davye  Howill, 
and  Nicholas  Thorne. 

Proved  3rd  Dec,  1566. 

NOTE — See  i6th  Sept.,  1573,  Post. 


1 567.  WT alter  Toker  of  "  Rowby,"  in  the  parish  of  Parracombe, 
28th  Nov.,  1565.  He  desires  to  be  buried  there,  and  gives 
to  the  Church,  3/4.  To  daughter  Joan,  £22,  and  a  kirtell. 
To  daughter  Richorde,  £6  at  her  marriage  or  at  the  age  of  14. 
To  John  Spearman,  a  mare.  Residue  to  son  Robert  Tokar, 
who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses,  John  Toker,  Thomas   Harris. 

Proved  3rd  April,  1567. 


56  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 


The  last  Will  of  Walter  Carew  of  Great  Torrington, 
dated  9th  Nov.,  1566.  He  bequeaths  his  gown  of  Black  fur  to 
George  Furlong,  and  leaves  the  residue  to  his  wife  Joane,  who  is 
Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  I3th  Oct.,  1566. 

NOTE.  —  This  Walter  Carew  finds  no  place   in  any  of  the   printed 
Carew  Pedigrees. 


1566.  The  last  Will  of  David  Melhuish,  I3th  Aug.,  1563. 
He  desires  to  be  buried  at  Knovvstone,  and  leaves  small  sums  to 
the  poor  box  there,  and  to  that  of  Cruse  Morchafd. 

"  Item  to  John  Comyn  my  gray  Coat."  Residue  to  wife 
Johan,  who  is  Joint  Executrix  with  Philip  Shapcott. 

Proved  I3th  Sept.,  1566. 


1567.  Margaret  Tassell,  widow  of  Ayshe  Rose  (Rose  Ash) 
26th  Dec.,  1567. 

To  ''  Mary  Payne  my  daughter's  daughter  one  yeo  sheepe." 
The  same  to  Johane,  daughter  of  John  Voysie  the  younger. 

Residue  to  two  Sons,  John  and  Anthony  Tassell,  who  are 
joint  Exors. 

Rulers,  John  Voysie  the  elder,  and  John  Crocker. 

Witnesses,  John  Voysie  and  John  Laneman,  "  with  others." 

Proved  3rd  Feby.,  1567. 


1567.  Christian  Towker  commends  her  body  to  Holy  Grave 
in  the  Church  yard  of  Washford,  and  leaves  to  the  poor  men's 
box  there  -/I2-  To  Thamesin  Tooker  of  Washford,  widow,  "my 
other  best  petticoat  &  two  kerchiefs."  To  Annie  Pope,  "  my 
petticoat  &  a  pair  of  chamblet."  To  four  poor  men  to  bear  my 
body  to  Washford  -/12  each.  Residue  to  "  Sir  Edward  Croke," 
who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Dated    1 2th  Aug.,    1567. 

Witnesses,  Matthew  Po.pe,  Richard  Bright. 

Proved  7th  Jany.,  1567. 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  57 

1567.  Johane  Towker  of  Bratton,  widow,  26th  March,  1565. 
Gives  her  body  to  "  Hallowed  grave."  To  poor  men's  box  -/2. 
To  dau.,  Alice  Baker,  "best  kirtell,"  12  sheep,  second  best  red 
petticoat,  and  Sylver  girdle.  To  daughter  Margaret  Towker, 
"a  podger  (porringer)  and  a  platter." 

Residue  to  son  John  Towker  and  daughter  Margaret,  who  are 
Joint  Exors. 

Witnesses,  "  Sir  John  Snowe  "  and  John  Dallynge. 

Proved  2/th  Feby.,  1567. 


1568.  John  Toker  of  Marwood,  Husbandman,  2nd  April, 
1565.  To  be  buried  in  Marwood  Church.  To  maintenance  of 
said  Church,  I  Sheep.  To  son  John,  "  after  the  lord's  fyned  of 
his  hariotte,"  all  plough  stock  and  plough  gere,  "with  a  guylding 
and  Mare,"  and  after  the  decease  of  "  Erne  his  mother,"  a  Table 
bord,  2  Bushels  of  wheat,  and  6  quarters  of  "  Otes."  To  Margaret, 
John,  and  Katherine,  children  of  the  said  John,  "each  of  them 
a  heffar."  To  "  Charity,  their  sister,  my  yeos."  To  John  Roger, 
a  cow,  and  to  Margaret  Roger,  6/8.  To  son  Richard  £20,  "  in 
peny  &  penyworth/'  To  Johan  Reyd,  "  my  servant,"  "  3  fleeses 
of  woll."  To  poor  man's  box  -J12.  To  daughter-in-law  Anstie, 
"  a  dish  performed."  To  John  Whitbere  -/I4.  Residue  to  wife 
Erne,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  John  Marwood,  Esq.,  Geffry  Clipit,  Clerke,  Roger 
Nycholl,  and  John  Whitbere. 

Proved  22nd  July,  1568. 


1568.  John  Tooker,  alias  Orcharde,  of  "  Frethelstoke,''  i6th 
April,  1568.  To  be  buried  in  the  Church  of  "  Frethelstocke." 
To  the  poor  there  -/I2.  To  son  William  £6  133.  46.  and  2 
silver  spoons,  and  one  little  Cupboard  now  with  son-in-law  John 
Morrish.  To  son  John  Tooker  the  younger  £6  135.  46.  and  2 
silver  spoons.  To  son-in-law  John  Pep  £6  135.  4d.  "  if  the  said 
John  Pep  as  like  his  bargaine  that  he  now  dwelleth  in  to  Johane 
my  daughter  nowe  his  wief  or  elles  any  other  as  good  as  that 
holye  to  herself."  Also  one  little  pan,  &c.  To  John  Morrish,  a 
folding  board. 


58  DEVONSHIRE     IV ILLS. 

Residue  to  John  Tooker,  alias  Orchard  the  elder,  who  is 
Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses,  William  Williams,  Clerk,  Curate,  and  James 
Nethewaye. 

Proved  2nd  June,  1568. 


1569.  Harrie  Toker  of  Cholocombe-raley,  Husbandman, 
1 5th  Aug.,  1562. 

To  daughter  Johan,  £20.  To  daughter  Agnes,  wife  of  Wm. 
Norman,  6/8.  To  daughter  Richorde,  wife  of  Humphry  Borrowe, 
3/4.  To  the  poor  men's  box  -/I2.  Residue  to  wife  Margaret, 
who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  Robert  and  Thomas  S  my  the,  and  Hugh  Folker. 

Proved  I4th  March,  1569. 


1572.  Thomas  Tocker,  alias  Tanner  of  Kings  Nyton  (Kings 
Nympton),  6th  Sept.,  1570.  To  be  buried  in  the  parish  Church. 
To  daughter  Wilmot  Sanger,  best  brazen  pot  and  I  dish  per- 
formed. To  Thomasine  Sanger,  6  "  yowes."  To  John  Borde, 
6  sheep.  To  the  poor  of  the  parish  -/I2.  To  Martha  and 
Jackett,  daughters  of  John  Sanger,  "  one  sheep  apiece."  To 
servant,  Robert  Coblye,  one  sheep.  Residue  to  wife  Agnes,  who 
is  Sole  Executrix. 

Trustees,  John  Tossell  and  John  Snowe. 

Witnesses,  Richard  Lucke,  Thomas  Gryffen. 

Proved  loth  April,  1572. 


1572.  John  Torner,  alias  Toker,  of  Chumleigh,  Husbandman, 
March,  1571. 

To  the  children  of  daughters  Elizb.  Snowe,  Cysslye  "Davide," 
Johan  Downinge,  and  Agnis  Hoper,  one  cowe  and  one  yarlinge 
to  be  equally  divided  between  them.  To  son-in-law  John 
"  Davye,"  "  my  best  cote,"  and  to  his  wyeff  a  "  thrumich 
coverlett."  To  Thomas,  son  of  said  John  Davye,  "  my  best 
jerkyn  &  my  white  hose."  Residue  to  wife  Elizabeth  Torner, 
who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Two  Trustees,  John   Snowe  and  John   Hathewell. 

Proved    iQth  May,   1572. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  59 

1572.  John  Toocker  of  Kentisbury.  Bequests  to  sons, 
John  the  elder,  John  the  younger,  Edward,  Phillip,  Thomas, 
and  to  daughters  Thomasine  and  Johane.  To  a  second  dau. 
Thomasine,  "  the  elder,"  he  leaves  "  one  cow  if  she  be  ordered 
&  ruled  by  her  friends  at  her  marriage." 

To  George,  son  of  Wm.   "  Toker,"    I  silver  spoon. 

To  the  Church,    I  sheep,  and  to  Wm.  Hustote,  /4d. 

Residue  to  wife  Elizabeth,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Two  Trustees,  who  witness,  viz.,  Wm.  Harris  and  Wm. 
Crocker. 

Dated   I3th  Feby.,  1571. 

Proved   I7th  June,   1572. 


!573-  John  Toker  of  Dene  in  the  parish  of  Trentishoe,  I4th 
March,  1572. 

To  daughter  Eliu,  a  brazen  pan,  and  a  brazen  crocke.  To 
daughter  Johane,  the  same.  To  son  John,  /I2d.  To  Son 
William,  /4d.  To  sons  Richard  and  Walter,  all  goods 
moveable  and  immoveable  after  their  mother's  death.  Residue 
to  wife  Ellin,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  Robert  Stephens,  Clerk  ;  Philip  Knyle,  and  Robert 
Toker ;  the  last  two  are  Trustees,  and  have  /4d.  each. 

Proved   i6th  Sept.,  1573. 


1575.  John  "Towker"  of  West  Downe,  28th  Aug.,  1575. 
He  leaves  to  John  "  Tocker,"  "my  Sonne  &  Enymy,"  4  oxen 
with  all  the  plough  geare,  and  "  all  my  wrytinges  and 
evydences."  To  son  Peter,  a  heifer,  &c.  To  daughter  Johane, 
a  heifer  calf.  To  daughter  Thomasine,  3  yeos. 

Residue  to  wife   Agnes,   who  is  Sole   Executrix. 

Trustee,  Wm.  Bright,  Vicar  of  West  Downe. 

Witnesses,  Walter  Fosse,  John  Headen,  &  Thomas  Yeard. 

Proved   I3th  Sept.,  1575. 

NOTE. — Towards  the  end  of  the  will  the  word  "enymy,"  as  applied 
to  Testator's  eldest  son,  is  erased,  and  the  word  "  hyeare  "  substituted. 
Perhaps  by  the  care  of  the  good  vicar  of  West  Downe. 


60  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1580.  The  last  Will  of  John  Killond  of  Lapford,  Husband- 
man, dated  23rd  May,  22nd  Elizabeth.  To  be  buried  on  the 
north  side  of  Lapford  Church.  To  poor,  2O/-  to  be  distributed 
by  John  Rudge,  Gentm,  and  Richard  Killand.  "  Item,  in 
consideracion  that  my  son  Lawrence  Killand  is  of  himself 
indewed  with  but  small  witt  or  knowledge,  and  not  well  able 
to  governe  himself  with  any  porcion  of  goods,"  "  My  will  is 
that  my  kinsman  Richard  Killand  shall  deliver  to  John  Rudge 
of  Morchard  Bishop,  Gentm,  and  to  John  Killond  of  Down 
St.  Mary,  Yeoman,  the  sum  of  £40,"  in  trust  for  maintenance 
of  said  son  Lawrence,  unless  Richard  Killand  elects  to  provide, 
himself,  for  him.  Legacies  to  servants,  Margery  Killand, 
Nicholas  Thorne  and  "  Ann,"  and  to  godson  Mychell  Rudge. 
Residue  to  kinsman  Richard  Killand,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Overseers,  John  Rudge  and  John  Killand. 

Proved,  2Oth  June,  1580. 

Sum  £180. 


1591.  Alexander  Sanger,  of  Mariansleigh.  To  son,  John 
Sanger  the  younger,  "  My  Table  bord,  my  selyng,  and  my 
coboard,  after  the  death  of  my  wife  yf  neither  of  us  both 
have  not  nede  to  sell  it  for  ye  maintenance  of  ourselves." 
To  son  Henry  Sanger,  six  silver  spones  and  my  great 
brazen  panne.  Residue  to  wife  Joane,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

My  sonne  Henry  Sanger  doth  owe  me  £4. 

John  Sanger  the  younger  doth  owe  me  4<D/-. 

Thomas  Sanger,  my  son,  doth  owe  me  4O/-. 

Admin,  granted  to  Joan  Sanger,  the  Executrix,  8th  April, 
1591. 

Sum  .£32  93. 


1613.  The  last  Will  of  John  Sanger  the  Elder  of  King's- 
Nympton.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in  the  Parish  Church 
and  "  with  a  Sermon  to  be  preached  to  the  poor  "  for  which 
he  leaves  3/. 

"  To  each  of  my  children  /6d." 

To  son  John  Sanger,  "4  new  bordes  that  lye  in  the  Stable." 
To  son  Robert  Sanger  and  to  Marye  his  wife,  "  One  byrding 
piece,  i  collyver,  and  one  crosse  bowe,  with  their  furniture." 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  61 

To  each  grandchild  /6d.  To  John  Downe,  "  my  daughter's 
son,"  3/4.  To  John  and  Elinore  Tomb,  alais  Yelmacole,  3/4. 
To  Lewis  Tossell,  3/4  and  a  coffer  containing  one  bushell  or 
thereabouts.  To  Agnes,  daughter  of  John  Sanger  the  younger, 
3/4.  Residue  to  wife  Wilmot,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Overseers,  "  Brother "  John  Bulleid,  John  Sanger,  Thos. 
Richards,  and  Francis  Southerne,  with  /2od.  each,  these  being 
Witnesses. 

Debts  owed.  "  Item,  I  owe  to  my  son-in-law  Thomas 
Tassell,  ^,5.  John  Bulleid,  42/-.  To  Agnes  Tassell,  widow, 
30/-." 

Sum  £45   155.  8d. 

Dated  2ist  April.     Proved   loth  June,   1613. 


1615.  The    last    will    of    William     Hamlyn    the    elder   of 
Woolsery,  23rd  July,   1615. 

To  Parish  Church,  36/4.  To  godson  Wm.  Hamlyn,  20/5. 
To  Wiilmett  and  Elizabeth  Hamlyn  io/-  each.  To  god- 
daughter Willmott  Denis,  20/6 ;  and  to  "all  the  rest  of 
Hugh  Denis's  Children  10/6  each."  To  sister-in-law  Wilmett 
Hamlyn,  10/6.  To  Jane,  wife  of  John  Stifyn,  io/6d.  Residue 
"  To  Isutt  Hamlyn  my  darter." 

Witness,  Robert  Hamlyn. 

Proved  1st  December,   1615. 

NOTE. — Ancestor  of  the  Hamlyn-Williams'  of  Clovelly,  Barts.  He  is 
described  thus  :  "  The  inventory  of  Wm  Merswill "  (the  name  of  his 
residence)  "alias  Hamlyn  of  Woulfardisworthie,  Husbandman,  taken  by 
Thomas  Prust,  Gentleman,  Robert  Praunce,  Wm  Hamlyn,  &  John 
Stevens,  ist  Dec.,  1615. 

Sum  ^49  1 6s.  4d." 

1616.  Johan  Densham  of  Lapford,  widow,  2/th  Feb.,  1616. 
To    eldest    son,    Richard    Densham,    all    moveables,    &c.      To 
son    John,    six    silver    spoons.      To    son    Richard's    daughters 
Mary  and    Richord,  and  to  his   son    Richard,   small    bequests. 
She  leaves  the  Chattell    lease    of   Trendlebury    for   the  main- 
tenance  of  sister  Alice,   with    reversion    to    said    son    Richard 
and  his  heirs. 

Residue  to  said  son  John  Densham,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 
Proved  2Qth  Oct.,   1618. 


62  DEVONSHIRE     IV ILLS. 

1618.  Richard  Harton  of  Barnstaple,  nth  May,  1618. 
Mentions  his  brother  Robert  and  step- daughter  Anne 
Clotworthy,  god-daughter  Mary  Gill,  Apprentice  Agnes 
Symons,  friends  John  Harrett  and  John  Gill,  who  are 
witnesses  and  overseers.  He  has  leasehold  land  under 
Humphrey  Colmin  of  Tiverton. 

Executrix,  his  wife  Thomasine. 

Proved  5th  August,   1618. 


1618.  Phillipe  Petor  of  Rackenford,  Husbandman.  To 
son  Robert,  all  his  wearing  apparel,  and  to  his  two  children 
2/-  each.  To  son  John,  2/-,  and  to  John,  his  son,  2/-.  To 
son-in-law  George  Vicarye,  i  Bushell  of  Rye.  To  wife 
Johane,  2  plator  dishes.  To  Margaret  Pettor,  all  household 
stuff.  Residue  to  wife  Johan,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  2Oth  April,   1615. 

Witness,  John  Pettor. 

Proved   iQth   May,  1618. 

Sum   £9  5s. 


1625.     Administration  to  the    effects    of   Mary    Tossell,   late 
of  Tawstocke,  granted  to  Simon,   her  son,  22nd  June,    1625. 
Sum   £5    is.  8d. 


1627.  Johan  Tossell  of  Brendon,  Widow.  To  the  poor 
there,  /I2d.  To  son  Wm.  Locke,  /I2d.  To  son  Bartholomew 
Tossell,  /I2d.  To  son  Henry  Tossell,  5/-.  To  son  Andrew 
Tossell,  5/-.  To  daughters  Christian  "  Hurfer/'  io/-  ;  Johan 
Bowden,  io/-  ;  Wiimot  Richards,  io/  .  To  grandchildren 
Richard,  George,  Johan,  Agnes,  and  Thomsine,  children  of 
Richard  Bowden  ;  Elizabeth,  Richard,  Andrew,  and  Mandlyn, 
children  of  David  Richards;  Wiimot  and  Ellen,  children  of 
Thomas  Bowden,  small  bequest?.  Residue  to  son-in-law 
Richard  Bowden,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Witnesses,  Bartw.   Mayne,  Hugh   Sheper,   Hugh   Brooke. 

Proved    I3th   February,    1627. 

Sum  £40  135.  8d. 


DF.  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  63 

1639.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Tossell  of 
King's-Nympton,  granted  to  Christian,  his  wife,  iith  February, 
1639. 

Extract  from  Inventory  of  Effects  of  Deceased,  made  I4th 
January,  1639. 

Item,  3  sylver  spoones,  I   sylver   boule,  and    4   candlesticks, 

47/4- 

One  chattle  lease  for  years  on  the  death   of   Samuel,  John, 

and  George  Tossell  in  a  Tenement  at  King's-Nympton,  £35. 

Another  lease  on  the  lives  of  son  John  Tossell,  Sara  and 
Cicile  Tossell,  lands  in  King's-Nympton,  £42. 

Specialty,  Debts,  &c.,  £1291   2s.  4d. 


1639.  The  last  Will  of  William  Hamlyn  the  elder  of 
Wool  fa  rd  is  worthy,  Yeoman,  9th  February,  1637. 

"John  Hamlyn  my  son  to  have  all  my  estate  in  Clifford " 
(in  said  Parish)  "and  the. lease  thereof,  demised  and  granted 
by  Thomas  Prust,  of  the  said  Parish,  Gentleman,  for  99  years 
on  lives  of  son  John  and  daughter  Martha." 

He  leaves  wife  Grace,  Estate  of  9  acres  called  Trew, 
determinable  on  lives  of  said  son  John  and  daughters  Elizabeth 
and  Mary.  To  dau.  Thomazine  Hamlyn,  an  annuity  of  48/-. 
To  dau.  Grace  and  son  William,  /4d.  each.  To  aforesaid 
daughter  Martha,  £20;  at  18  she  gives  /4d.  each  to 
daughter  Margaret  H.  Wilmott,  wife  .of  Hugh  Braund,  and 
Elizabeth,  wife  of  John  How.  Residue  to  wife  Grace,  \\ho 
is  Sole  Executrix. 

Overseers,  "  brothers"  Anthony  Hamlyn  of  Hartland,  and 
Richard  Bishop  of  Bradworthy. 

Proved  5th  March,   1639. 


1640.  Christian  Tossell  of  "King  Nympton,"  Widow,  I3th 
July,  1640.  Bequests  for  repair  of  Parish  Church,  IO/-  ;  to 
poor,  13/4,  and  to  poor  of  Romansleigh  and  of  Nymet 
St.  George,  3/4.  To  godchildren  of  deceased  husband, 
John  Tossell,  /I2d.  To  daughters  Sara  and  Cecill,  £200 
each.  To  son  George,  a  certain  Messuage  in  Nymet  St. 


64  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

George  and  £250,  with  remainder  to  son  John.  Mentions 
daughter  Sara's  grandmother,  "  Katherine  Furse."  To  cousin 
John  Bryant,  I  Ewe  Sheep.  To  cousin  Andrew  Richards 
2O/-.  To  kinsman  John  Hager,  Sen1".,  /6d.,  and  to  each 
of  his  children,  /I2d.  To  brothers-in-law  Richard  and 
Bartholomew  Tossell,  5/-,  and  to  sister-in-law  Demos  Tossell, 
2O/-.  To  god-daughter  Johan,  dau.  of  said  Bartholomew,  5/-. 
"  To  each  of  my  Cousins,  Children  of  my  Brother  "  George  Furse, 
/I2d.  each.  To  cousin  Katherine,  daughter  of  late  brother 
John  Furse,  one  ewe  sheep.  To  cousins  Christian  and  George, 
children  of  said  brother  George  Furse,  I  ewe  sheep  each.  To 
cousin  Thomas  Tossell  of  Worlington,  io/-  ;  to  god-daughter 
and  cousin  Christian  Luke,  one  Ewe  Sheep.  Her  husband 
is  stated  to  have  been  Exor.  of  John  Hutchings  and  of 
Nicholas  and  Edmund  Holland.  Residue  to  said  son  John 
Tossell,  who  is  Sole  Exor.  Trustees,  John  Pawle  of  Great 
Heale,  Gentm.,  and  Nicholas  Bulleid  of  Romansleigh,  and 
George  Furse  her  brother  with  3/-  each. 

Witnesses,   Nicholas   Bulleid. 
John  fibres. 

Proved  3Oth  Sept.,   1640. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  nth  February,  1639. 


1640.     Extract  from  Inventory  ot  effects  of  Deceased  made 
I  ith  Aug.,  1640. 

"  Item  i  hower  glass,  i  Bible  &  other  books,  8/-. 
Item  3  silver  spoones,*  i   Silver  boule  &  4  candlesticks,  45/-." 
Sum  of  personalty,  .£1284  us. 


1641.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Toker  of  Great  Torrington, 
"  Inkeeper."  To  the  poor  of  the  parish  £3.  To  brother 
Christopher  Toker  "  one  spruce  chest  &  my  best  cloke,"  one 
jug  "  with  a  sylver  —  and  a  sylver  cover."  To  kinswoman 
Katherine,  daughter  of  said  Christopher  Toker,  "  I  Brasse 
pan,"  &c.  To  Mary,  daughter  of  said  Christopher  and  wife 

*  Refer  to  Inventory  of  John  Tossell,  nth  February,  1639. 


DEV'ONSHIKK     WILLS.  65 

of  Brute  Cole,  another  brass  pan.  To  Amy,  daughter  of 
Brute  Cole,  a  sylver  spoone.  To  kinsman  Stephen  Tooker, 
a  standing  bedstead  and  "one  sylver  salte  gilte."  To  Richard, 
daughter  of  said  "  Steven,  a  sylver  spoone."  To  kinsman  Hugh 
Tucker,  sen.,  a  standing  bedstead.  To  Richard,  his  sone,  a 
middle  sized  brass  crocke.  To  kinswoman  Joan  Moysey  40,'-. 
To  Mary,  wife  of  Richard  Shorte,  4O/-.  To  John  Toker  my 
kinsman,  Glover,  4o/- ;  Lancellot  Lange  $/-  ;  Mabley  Toker, 
widow,  5/- ;  Peter  Toker,  "  Oackhampton,  Cordwainer,"  io/- 
("my  kindsman").  To  his  brother  Roger  5/-.  To  Marke 
Lange  and  his  brother,  5/-  apiece  to  each  of  them.  To  god-son 
William,  son  of  William  Cornish  of  Little  Torrington,  "  one 
sylver  plate  &  one  sylver  spoone."  To  brother  Wm.  Toker, 
a  standing  bed.  To  Samuel,  son  of  said  William,  two  sylvei 
spoones.  To  servant  io/-. 

Residue,  "  the  sealing  of  my  house  excepted  &  the  spence 
in  the  parlour  &  hall,  which  I  leave  to  Wm  Cornish,"  to  "  my 
wife  Johane,"  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Trustees,  Arthur  Dromant  and   WTm.   Tucker. 

Witnesses,  George   Bray  and    Richard   Swade. 

Dated   26th  July,    1640.       Proved   /th   April,   1641. 

Sum   £71    I2s.    lod. 

NOTE. — The  original  of  this  will  was  in  an  excessively  decayed 
condition,  and  only  decipherable  with  a  great  deal  of  care  and  trouble, 
when  I  examined  it  in  1881.  I  have,  therefore,  given  a  very  full 
abstract  for  the  sake  of  preserving  the  names  mentioned  therein. 


1644.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Hugh  Toockcr  of 
Bratton  Fleming,  Granted  i6th  Oct.,  1644,  to  Robert  Collins 
in  the  minority  of  Anthony  Toocker,  son  of  deceased. 

Sum  £33    155.  8d. 

Enclosed  with  the  papers  is  a  scrap,  with  the  following 
memorandum  : — 

Edward  yc   son  of  Hugh  Tooker  was  baptized  ye  i6th  Aprill, 

1631. 

Anthony       „  „  „  „        22nd  Jany,  1632. 

Richard         „  „  „  „         '9th  July,  1640. 


66  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1645.  Henry  Saunders  of  Chittlehampton,  I3th  May,  i;th 
Chas.  I.,  1642. 

To  daughter  Ann  Wollacott,  2nd  best  pan  and  one  pewter 
dish.  To  daughter  Johane  Ley,  2nd  best  crocke.  Similar 
bequests  and  trifling  sums  of  money  to  daughter  Agnes 
Wollacott;  to  Henry,  son  of  Symon  Wollacott;  to  Arthur, 
son  of  Philip  Wollacott  ;  to  John  Saunder  ;  to  Ann,  daughter 
of  Symone  Wollacott.  To  Mary,  daughter  of  John  Ayre, 
£5,  to  be  put  to  the  best  increase  during  her  minority,  with 
remainder,  in  case  of  death,  to  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Arthur 
Saunder,  and  Ann,  dau.  of  Symone  Wollacott. 

Mentions  land  in  Estacott,  which  he  holds  by  assignment 
from  son  Arthur. 

Residue  to  wife  Mary,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Overseers,  Arthur  Saunder  and  Symone  Wollacott. 

Proved   loth  April,   1645. 

Sum  .£31    35.  6d. 


1669.  William  Tucker  of  Clannaburrough  in  ye  Co.  of 
Devon,  i8th  May,  1668. 

To  wife  "  Agnis "  £10.  To  son  Thomas  £60.  To  son 
John  £10,  a  great  brasse  pot  and  a  chafin  dish.  To  daughters, 
Phillip,  wife  of  Phillip  Sharbrooke,  £10,  and  Agnes,  wife  of 
William  Wreaford,  .£10.  To  John,  son  of  Philip  Sharbrooke, 
£10.  To  Wm.,  son  of  Thomas  Tucker,  £5.  To  Mary, 
daughter  of  William  Wreaford,  £$.  To  all  children's  children 
now  born,  2O/-,  "  to  be  bestowed  in  sheep."  To  William,  son 
of  John  Tucker,  £$.  Residue  to  sons  Robert  and  William 
Tucker,  who  are  Joint  Exors. 

Witnesses,   Henry  Quicke,  Ann   and    Roger  Maunder. 

Sum  £473  45. 

Proved  2nd   Oct.,    1669. 


1677.  The  last  will  of  Philpott  Bowdon  of  East  Ashford, 
Widow,  2nd  Feby.,  I7th  Charles  2nd.  To  son  James  Bowdon 
40/-.  To  James  and  Marie  Bowden,  his  children,  io/-.  She 


DE  VONSHIKE     WILLS.  67 

leaves  her  leasehold  house  at    Ash  ford   to  her  daughter  Mary 
Bowden,  who  is  residuary  legatee  and   Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,    Edwd.   Score  and   Edwd.   Score,  jun. 

Act  missing.     Proved    1677. 


1681.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Hugh  Rattenbury, 
late  of  Winkleigh.  Granted  to  Mary  Rattenbury  of  Monck 
Okehampton,  widow,  and  to  Hugh  Rattenbury  of  the  same, 
wool-comber.  7th  May,  1681. 

Sum   £280  8s. 


1690.  John  Tossell,  sen.,  of  King's-Nympton,  Yeoman, 
1 8th  Oct.,  1687.  To  the  poor  there  io/-.  To  children  John, 
George,  and  Katherine  Tossell,  5/-  each.  To  John,  son  of 
said  George  Tossell,  one  heifer  ;  the  same  to  grandchild 
Elizb.  Thorne.  To  grandchild  Elizb.  Bulleid  2O/-.  To 
kinsman  Walter  Tossell  and  Elizabeth  his  sister  5/-.  To 
Thomas,  their  brother,  one  ewe.  Residue  to  daughter  Christian, 
who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  John   Treble,   Henry  Thorne,  Mary   Speare. 

Act  of  Court  missing.  In  Calendar,  as  proved  May  Qth, 
1690. 

Armorial  Seal — An   Eagle  displayed   with   2   necks. 

NOTE. — These  are  the  Arms  of  Worthe  of  Worth,  in  Washfield,  co. 
Devon. 


1691.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Gearing  of  Bideford,  Mer- 
chant, 1 7th  Nov.,  1690. 

£6  to  the  poor,  and  legacies  to  3  servants.  To  wife  Johan 
Gearing,  £50,  and  his  house  in  Conduit  Lane.  To  his  grand- 
children Sarah  and  Hannah,  daughters  of  son  Abraham  Gearing. 
£200  each. 

He  leaves  his  estates  in  Bideford  and  Woolfardisworthy  to 
his  said  son  Abraham  and  his  heirs  male,  together  with  the 
Residue  ;  he  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses,  Saiul.  Denard,  Robert  Halsworthy,  Wm.  Kelly, 
and  Christopher  Prust. 

Proved    3rd   Oct.,    1691. 


68  DETONSHIKE     WILLS. 

1694.  Mary  "  Saunders "  of  Chittlehampton,  Widow,  26th 
Sept.  169 — (obliterated).  Mentions  her  daughter  Susan  Ley, 
and  granddaughter  Mary  Ley  (under  age),  grandson  Edward 
Ley  (under  age),  daughter-in-law  John  (Joan  ?)  Saunders,  grand- 
children John,  Edward,  and  John  (Joan?)  Saunders.  Residue 
to  son  Edward  S.,  who  is  sole  Exor. 

Proved  June  2nd,  1694. 


1698.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Melhuish  of  Morchard 
Cruse,  1 8th  Jany.,  1696. 

To  wife  Joan  an  annuity  of  £8,  and  bedstead  and  bed  in 
middle  chamber,  and  chest  in  the  parler.  The  said  "  parler " 
to  be  "  at  her  use "  together  with  the  little  orchard  on  the 
west  side  of  the  Moor.  To  daughter,  Katherine  Dayment, 
£20.  Bequests  to  "  my  five  children  "  Thomas,  Fferdinando, 
Joan  Roberts,  Mary  Brooke,  and  Katherine  Dayment — "  one 
guinea  of  gold  each." 

Residue  to  son  John,  who  is  Sole  Exor.  Trustees,  sons 
Thomas  and  Ferdinando,  and  son-in-law,  Nehemiah  Brooke. 

Witnesses,  Jno.  Sowdon,  George  Bodley. 

Proved  9th  July,   1698. 


1699.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Melhuish  of  Morchard 
Cruse,  Husbandman,  2nd  Dec.,  1694.  To  the  poor  of  the 
parish  io/-.  To  sister  Katherine  Ley  io/-.  To  sister  Alice 
Genney  io/-.  Bequests  to  Benjamin  Budgood  jun.,  and  to 
Joan  Mugford.  Residue  to  brother  Richard,  who  is  Sole 
Executor. 

Witnesses,  John  Norrish,  John  Yeoinge,  Grace  Yoning,  his 
tenants. 

Proved  8th  Dec.,   1699. 


1708.  John  Saunder  the  elder,  of  Chittlehampton,  Yeoman, 
1 7th  March,  1707.  To  wife  Margaret,  a  feather  bed  in  the 
parlour  chamber,  and  a  house  at  Blackwall,  a  bond  of  £50, 
part  of  her  marriage  portion,  and  a  cupboard  in  the  house 
at  Eastacote.  Daughter  Margaret  £400  at  21. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  69 

Son  John  Saunder,  all  rents,  remainders,  services,  tene- 
ments, and  hereditaments  in  said  parish  of  Chittlehampton, 
and  also  in  St.  Giles'  and  Yearnscombe,  to  him  and  the 
heirs  of  his  body  lawfully  begotten  for  ever  ;  said  son  John 
has  residue  and  is  Sole  Exor. 

Desires  friends  Robert  Amory  of  South  Molton  and 
Joshua  Bawden  of  the  same,  to  assist  Exor. 

Witnesses,  Geo.  Remfry,  Edmond  Saunder,  and  Grace  Cole. 

Proved  by  Exor.  7th  May,   1708. 


1715.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Melhuish  of  Cruwys 
Morchard,  22nd  May,  1714.  To  Jane  his  \\ife,  "  The  Bed- 
steed,  &c.,  in  the  Middle  Chamber  and  the  Chest  that  hath 
drawers  in  it  in  the  Hall  Chamber." 

To  sons,  Thomas  io/-,  Ffardinando  £30,  Richard  £40  ;  to 
daughters  Jane  and  Dorothy  Melhuish  .£40  each. 

To  said  daughter  Jane  "  my  gold  ring,"  and  to  Dorothy 
2O/-  "  to  buy  her  one." 

To  son  John  right,  &c.,  in  Vincent  Daily's  Estate  in 
parish  of  Poughill. 

To  poor  of  Cruse  Morchard,  io/-. 

Residue  to  son  John,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses,  Humphrey  Knistone. 
Jane  „ 

Jno.  Cottihole. 

Proved  6th  June,  1715. 

NOTE. — Testator  was  eldest  son  and  heir  of  Thomas  Melhuish  of 
Hill  in  Cruse  Morchard ;  born  1603,  Will  proved  1698. — See  above. 
He  married,  1647,  Jane,  daughter  of  Charles  Courtenay  of  Molland, 
descended  from  Sir  Philip,  second  son  of  Sir  Philip  Courtenay  of 
Powderham  ;  hence  his  issue  had  descent  from  Edward  I.  through 
Bohun.  Arms  of  Melhuish  of  Hill,  arg.,  on  a  bend  engrailed  sa ,  three 
fleur-de  lis  of  the  field ;  a  quarter,  erm.,  charged  with  a  martlet  in  base 
and  in  middle  chief  point  a  dagger  az.,  hilted  or.  A  Melhuish  is  said 
to  have  pulled  the  dagger  from  Prince  Edward's  arm,  A.D.  1271,  when 
the  Princess,  Eleanor  of  Castile,  sucked  the  poison  from  her  husband's 
wound. 


70  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1722.  The  last  will  of  Joshua  Tucker  of  Tawstock, 
Gentleman,  6th  January,  1719.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in 
High  Bickington  Church  near  his  father's  monument,  a  stone 
to  be  placed  over  his  grave  with  an  inscription  showing 
his  age  and  date  of  death,  and  with  the  single  other  word 
"  Resurgam."  "  Whereas  I  did  long  since  receive  about  £2$ 
on  the  brief  for  Newmarket,  which  by  reason  of  the  death 
of  the  person  who  employed  me  and  to  whom  I  was  to 
pay  it,  and  for  several  other  reasons,  although  I  was  always 
willing  to  have  paid  it,  is  yet  in  my  hands,"  "  I  order 
and  desire  my  Executor  to  pay  the  sum  of  £50  by  way 
of  restitution  to  such  person  or  persons  as  shall  have  power 
to  receive  it,  or  else  to  the  Chief  Magistrate  and  Minister 
there  as  soon  as  possible  after  my  death."  To  the  poor 
of  High  Bickington  £4.0,  the  interest  to  be  distributed 
among  them  every  Christmas  Day  for  ever  "  by  the  Rector 
and  Church-Wardens,  who  I  hope  will  see  that  it  is  neither 
lost  or  embezzelled."  To  my  "  deare  sister "  Mrs.  Worth, 
"a  silver  cupp  with  two  handles  and  a  cover,  on  which 
cupp  my  coat  of  arms  is  engraven,"  a  five  pound  guinea 
of  King  Charles  II.,  and  also  a  diamond  ring,  the  said  ring  to 
revert  to  her  eldest  living  daughter.  To  her  three  daughters 
£21  each  to  be  spent  in  plate,  if  they  so  please,  in  remembrance 
of  me.  To  Major  John  Worth,  my  long  cane  with  a  silver 
head  in  which  is  my  cypher,  and  a  large  mourning  ring, 
which  was  for  my  late  brother  Worth,  enameled  with  thigh 
bones  and  deaths  heads,  which  I  desire  him  to  wear  in 
remembrance  of  me.  To  servant,  George  Miles,  £2  2s.,  and 
all  my  linen  and  woollen  apparel,  excepting  my  flowered  silk 
morning  gown  and  cap  and  six  shirts  to  be  chosen  by  my 
Executor,  if  he  pleaseth.  To  the  rest  of  my  servants  £i  is. 
each.  Residue  to  nephew  Thomas  Worth,  Clerk,  who  is  Sole 
Exor. 

Proved  May,  1722. 

Armorial  Seal — "  Arg.  on  a  bend  engrd,  3  body  hearts." 

NOTE. — The  Rev.  Thomas  Worth  was  son  of  Henry  Worth  of 
Worth,  by  his  second  wife,  Dorothy  Bampfylde  of  Poltimore.  He 
married  Margaret  Tucker  of  High  Bickington,  28th  Dec.,  1674  (Mar. 
Lie.),  and  died  1711.  He  was  also  Rector  of  Washfield. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  71 

1723.  Arthur  Saunder,  the  elder,  of  Chittlehampton,  Yeo- 
man, 22nd  May,  1722. 

To  son  John  Saunder,  and  to  kinsman  William  Smale  of 
Chittlehampton,  a  sum  in  trust  for  daughter  Elizabeth,  wife 
of  James  Finney.  To  children  of  son  Anthony  Saunder, 
Mary,  Elizb.,  John,  and  Arthur,  ;£ioo  each,  issuant  out  of 
lands  and  out  of  a  quarry  and  estate  called  Higher  Collacott. 
Son  Anthony  to  have  this  property  subject  to  said  charge, 
to  revert  to  his  son  Anthony,  with  remainder  to  latter's 
younger  brothers  John  and  Arthur,  and  then  to  sisters  Mary 
and  Elizabeth,  or  to  right  heirs,  etc.  He  leaves  Lower 
Collacott  and  New  Park,  saving  the  right  of  John  Brayly,  to 
said  grandsons  Arthur  and  John.  He  mentions  his  grand- 
children, Catherine,  wife  of  Charles  Nation  (formerly  Finney), 
and  James  Finney.  He  also  bequeaths  lands  in  South 
Molton  to  grandson  John  S.  and  his  heirs.  Residue  to  son 
Anthony,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved    igth  April,   1723. 


1725.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Arthur  Saunder  of 
Chittlehampton,  granted  7th  May,  1725,  to  George  Saunder. 
Agnes  Saunder  and  William  Early  join  the  Bond. 


1725.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Anthony  "  Saunders," 
of  Chittlehampton,  granted  to  Elizabeth,  his  widow,  4th 
February,  1725.  John  "Saunders"  of  Newton,  in  said  parish, 
gentleman,  and  Mary  "Saunders"  of  same,  spinster,  join  in 
Bond. 


1725.  The  Last  Will  of  Margaret  Rolle,  daughter  of  Sir 
John  Rolle  of  Stevenstone,  Knight,  24th  Oct.,  1725. 

She  gives  to  her  god-daughter  Lucia,  daughter  of  John  Rolle, 
Esqr.,  1 6  broad  pieces  of  old  gold.  To  Barnstaple  Charity 
School  £5.  To  niece  Florence,  daughter  of  Sir  Bourchier  Wrey, 
Bart.,  fifty  broad  pieces  of  gold  to  "  buy  a  jewel  or  other 
remembrance  of  her."  To  nephew  Henry  Rolle,  white 
cornelian  seal.  Residue  to  John  Rolle  of  Stevenstone  and 


72  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Chichester  Wrey,  Clerk,  Rector  of  Tawstock,  in  trust  for 
said  niece  Florence  Rolle.  If  said  Florence  die  in  minority 
without  issue,  the  family  pictures,  plate,  and  china  belonging 
to  Testatrix  are  to  be  reserved,  and  the  residue  of  the 
estate  sold  and  the  proceeds  spent  either  in  erecting  a 
Charity  School,  or  as  Trustees  may  direct.  She  desires  to 
be  buried  privately  and  at  night  at  Tawstock,  in  the  grave 
of  her  brother,  Charles  Rolle,  eight  old  women  to  be  her 
bearers,  who  are  to  have  5/-  each. 
Proved  26th  Nov.,  1725. 


1729.  The  last  Will  of  John  Densham  of  Morchard 
Bishop,  4th  April,  1729. 

To  daughter  Jane  Pounsford,  IO/6.  To  Thomas  Densham 
"  and  his  now  wife,"  5/-.  To  John  Densham  "  my  son  "  and 
his  now  wife,  5/-.  To  son  Robert  Densham,  5/-.  To  daughters 
Mary  James  and  Sarah  Godsland,  and  to  all  grandchildren, 
small  bequests. 

To  son  William  Densham,  Right  in  Stone  Park. 

Residue  to  said  William  Densham,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  3rd  January,   1729. 


1731.  John  Saunder  of  Newton  in  Chittlchampton.  He 
mentions  his  brother  Anthony's  children,  Mary,  Elizabeth, 
John,  and  Arthur,  and  his  brother  Arthur's  children,  Mary, 
Anne,  and  Arthur. 

"Cousin"  George  Saunder,  "the  fee  and  inheritance  of 
3rd  part  of  '  Collacot '  to  be  continued  with  Newton,  and 
to  his  son  John  after  him."  To  cousin  James  Finney  £5, 
"  in  trust  for  his  mother."  To  poor  of  parish  and  those  of 
Swimbridge,  2O/-  each. 

Residue  to  wife  Cicely,  who  is  Sole   Executrix. 

Dated    I2th    February,    1729. 

Proved  7th  May,   1731. 

Edmond   Saunder,  a  witness. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  73 

1734.  The  last  Will  of  William  Tucker  of  North  Molton, 
Gentleman.  To  poor  there,  2O/-.  To  brother  Peter  Tucker 
of  Swymbridge,  all  wearing  apparel.  To  brother  Richard 
Tucker  of  Chittlehampton,  ^5.  To  nephew  Peter  Tucker 
of  South  Molton,  glazier,  .£5.  To  grandson  Lewis 
Southcombe,  Jun.,  £50.  To  grandsons  George  Southcombe 
.£50,  and  Thomas  Southcombe,  £5.  Residue  to  grand- 
daughter Elizb.,  wife  of  Joshua  Hole,  the  younger,  of  South- 
Molton,  Apothecary.  She  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  Grace   Biyatt 
&  Win.   Hill. 

Dated    I2th  April,    1733. 

Proved  Oct.    i6th,    1734. 

Armorial  Seal — A  fess  between   3  roses. 


1736.  William  Pollard  of  Northam,  Mariner,  24th  February, 
1722. 

Mentions  his  mother  Joane,  and  wife  Katherine  ;  the  latter 
has  residue  and  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  June  4th,    1736. 

Crest  Seal — A   Lion  pass.  gd. 


1741.     George    Tossell   of    King's   Nympton,  Yeoman,   nth 
Nov.,   1741. 

To  daughter  Elizabeth  Johnston,  leasehold  dwelling  house 
orchard,  and  garden.  To  granddaughter  Mary  Tossell  John- 
ston .£5  at  21.  To  son  John  Tossell  i  guinea  in  gold.  To 
son  George  Tossell  ^130.  To  brother  Walter  Tossell  5/-. 
To  son  Abraham  Tossell,  Bidgoods,  The  Broomfield,  and 
the  Broad  Meadows,  witli  remainder  to  son  George,  charged 
with  a  payment  of  4O/-  per  annum  to  Thomas  Webber  of 
King's  Nympton,  Gent"1,  and  to  said  son  John  Tossell,  in 
trust  for  said  daughter  Elizabeth  Johnston. 

Residue  to  son  Abraham,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses,  John  Lewis,  Susie  Bendall,  Jeffery  Harris. 

Proved   Dec.   4th,    1741. 


74 


DE  VONSHIRE     WIL  LS. 


1742.     John  Tossell  of  King's  Nympton,  Yeoman,  6th  May, 

1738. 

To  sister  Miriam  Hooper  4<D/-  per  annum  charged  on 
"  Reeds  "  Estate,  during  the  life  of  brother  Edward  Tossell. 

To  "  nephew "  Frances  Tossell  an  annuity  of  £6  to  be 
paid  "  her "  during  life  of  said  Edward.  Her  trustee  to  be 
John  Bawden  the  younger  of  South  Molton. 

A  further  annuity  of  £$  out  of  "  Reeds "  to  be  paid  to 
Elizabeth  and  Sarah  Hooper. 

To    Elizb.  Smith,  alias   Southard,  4<D/-  at   21. 

Wearing  Apparel   and  2O/-   to  John   Smith,  alias  Southard. 

Residue  to  said   brother   Edward,  who  is   Sole    Exor. 

Witnesses,  Thomas  and  John   Lane. 

Armorial  Seal — "A   Griffin   Segreant." 

Proved   February    iQth,    1742. 

Sum,  £73    ios.    lod. 


1742.  George  "Vigures"  of  Ilfordcombe,  Yeoman,  I5th 
Aug.,  1741.  To  son  Samuel  the  fee  simple  of  lands  in 
Little  Torrington,  charged  with  payment  of  £20  to  grandson 
Samuel  "Vigers,"  son  of  said  Samuel,  at  21.  Bequests  to 
daughters,  Thomasine  and  Agnes  Vigers,  and  Ann  Norman, 
and  £2  each  to  her  four  children,  Thomas,  George,  John,  and 
Sarah  Norman. 

Residue  to  said  son  Samuel  "  Viguers,"    who   is    Sole  Exor 

Witnesses,  Geo.  Sommers,  Wm.  Vickers,  and  Abraham 
Boone. 

Proved  Jan.    I4th,   1742. 


1742.  Francis  Pollard  of  Clovelly,  23rd  Aug.,  1728.  He 
mentions  his  sons  Francis  and  Robert,  and  his  daughter 
Dorothy  Way.  His  grandsons  George,  Robert,  and  Francis 
Pollard.  His  granddaughters  Mary,  Grace,  Thornasine,  and 
Dorothy  Pollard,  and  his  grandchildren  William  and  Dorothy 
Way.  His  son-in-law  John  Way  and  his  daughters-in-law 
Dorothy  and  Margaret  Pollard.  Residue  to  wife  Thomasine, 
who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  29th  March,   1742. 


DE  VON  SHI  RE     WILLS.  75 

1743.  Thomas  Pollard  of  Northam,  5th  March,  1742-3. 
He  leaves  his  son  William  2O/-.  Residue  to  his  wife  Mary, 
who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  4th  Aug.,   1743 


1743.     William     Pollard    of    Clovelly,    Mariner.     Makes    his 
brother  John  Pollard,  Sen  ,  Mariner,  Sole  Executor. 
Proved   May  6th,   1743. 


1745.     John  Tucker  of  South   Molton,  Surgeon,  3Oth  March, 

1743- 

He  has  assigned  "certain  particular  estates"  to  Dennis 
Buckingham,  Rector  of  Charles,  and  Joshua  Bawden  of  South 
Molton,  Mercer,  for  the  payment  of  his  debts.  Residue  to 
his  wife  Catherine,  save  I/-  to  his  father  and  mother  and 
I/-  to  each  of  his  sisters. 

Administration  granted  to  Catherine,  the  widow,  5th  April, 

1745- 
Under 


1748.  Administration  to  the  Effects  of  Edward  Tossell  of 
King's  Nympton,  deceased.  Granted  to  Thomas  Webber  and 
Francis  Clark,  in  minority  of  Frances  Tossell,  his  only 
daughter. 

January   1 3th,   1748. 


1752.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Melhuish  of  Morchard  Cruwys, 
5th  July,  1751.  He  gives  to  wife  Elinor  the  use  of  certain 
rooms  in  his  house  at  Fork,  in  said  parish — his  tea-spoons, 
tea-pots,  coffee  service,  and  whatever  else  belongs  to  the 
garnishing  of  the  tea  table.  Bequests  to  daughter-in-law  Elinor 
Sloane  and  to  son-in-law  Adam  Sloane.  "  To  my  trusty  friends 
Mr.  Thomas  Melhuish  of  Morchard  Cruse,  and  Mr.  Humphry 
Melhuish  of  Puddington,"  £300  in  trust  for  use  of  "  my  daughter," 
Sarah  Maunder,  and  ;£iOO  for  "  my  daughter  Rebecca  Anstey." 
To  daughter  Mary  Commins  "  the  moiety  or  halfendale  of  the 


76  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

overland  in  Columpton,  with  remainder  to  her  eldest  son. 
To  my  3  grandchildren,  George  and  Mary  Maunder  and 
Thomas  Melhuish  Commins  £10  each,  and  to  daughter  Joan, 
wife  of  John  Bragg  of  Berry  Castle,  in  Woolfardisworthy. 

Residue  to  sons-in-law  John  Bragg  and  Thos.  Commins, 
who  are  Exors. 

Witnesses — Wm.  Maunder,  Richard  Manley,  Wm.  Moxey. 

Proved  3oth  July,  1752. 


1753.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Melhuish  of  Cruse  Mor- 
chard,  3rd  April,  1726. 

To  Joan  "  Crook,"  daughter,  and  to  Robert  "  Crooke,"  grand- 
son, £i  each.  To  daughter  Ann  Hewish  £20.  To  daughter 
Elizabeth  Smorth  £i.  To  grandson  John  Smorth  £$  at  21 
and  ^5  to  grandson  Richard  Smorth. 

Residue  to  John  and  Mary  Melhuish,  his  son  and  daughter, 
who  are  sole  Exors. 

Witnesses,  Wm.  Maunder,  George  Callard,  Thomzin  Maunder. 

Proved  May  7th,  1753. 


1754.      Anthony    Saunders    of    Chumleigh,    Wool     Comber, 
i8th  Nov.,  1751. 

Mentions  son  William  and  daughter  Mary  Lawrence,  widow. 
Residue  to  wife  Mary  Saunders,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 
Proved  April  29th,  1754. 


1754.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  George  Tossell  of 
Chulmleigh  "  Chirurgeon,"  granted  to  Elizabeth  his  widow, 
April  7th,  1754. 

Under 


1758.  John  Tossell  of  King's  Nympton,  Yeoman,  I4th  Nov., 
1757.  To  sons  George  and  Humphrey  Tossell  £20  each. 
"  My  great  brass  pott  and  panne  and  ten  pewter  dishes  to  be 
divided  equally  between  my  said  Sons."  To  daughters  Mary 
and  Elizabeth  £10  each. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  77 

1759.  Thomas  Pollard  of  Barnstaple,  Weaver.  With  the 
exception  of  a  legacy  to  Hannah  Hogg-,  he  makes  his  wife 
Mary  universal  legatee  and  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  7th  Nov.     Proved  Nov.  I3th,  1759- 


1767.  Agnes,  wife  of  Richard  Tucker,  late  of  Georgeham,  but 
now  of  Braunton,  Gentleman,  i6th  Nov.  1766. 

By  power  of  marriage  settlement  dated  4th  Dec.,  1760,  she 
having  been  therein  described  as  Agnes  Peploe  of  Heanton 
Punchardon,  widow.  To  husband  the  said  Richard  Tucker 
and  to  his  children,  Richard,  Susanna,  and  Mary,  she  leaves 
£2  2s.  each.  To  her  brother,  Richard  Heddon  of  Heanton 
Punchardon,  "  warming  pan "  and  £20.  To  sister  Eleanor 
Incledon,  widow,  £20.  To  brother  George  Heddon  "  my  bureau 
for  life,"  with  remainder  to  "  Cousin "  George,  son  of  Sister 
Eleanor  Incledon.  Bequest  to  "  niece "  Eleanor,  wife  of 
Wm.  Richmond  of  Heanton  Punchardon,  of  "  Brass  crock, 
pewter  dishes,  and  plates,  and  brass  candlesticks,  and  a  pestle 
and  mortar.  Residue  to  said  brother  George  Heddon  and  said 
"  Cousin  "  George  Incledon,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Witnesses,  "  Parker  "  Widlake,  Robert  Ballyman. 

Proved  5th  Dec.,  1766. 

Crest— Seal,  "  A  Wolf's  head  erased." 


1767.  John  Tossel  of  King's  Ash,  otherwise  Ashreigny,  Sur- 
geon, 1 5th  April,  1766. 

He  desires  to  be  buried  "  in  a  private  handsome  manner,"  in 
late  wife's  grave  in  King's-Nympton  Churchyard,  "  in  a  hand- 
some tomb,  another  such  as  now  placed  on  my  grandfather's 
grave,"  William  Ford  of  "  Chiltenholt  "  (Chiltlehamholt)  to  make 
his  coffin.  Bearers  are  specified,  and  are  to  have  a  blue  or  grey 
coat  each.  To  dear  wife  Susanna  Tossel,  a  house  at  King's  Ash, 
and  such  sums  as  are  hers  by  marriage  settlement,  and  an 
annuity  of  ^3  to  issue  out  of  land  in  Winkleigh,  Dowland,  and 
Iddesleigh.  A  further  annuity  of  £$  55.,  and  a  similar  sum  to 
daughter-in-law  Susanna  Fuss.  To  the  poor  of  Burrington 
los.  per  annum,  to  issue  out  of  Halisbury  in  said  parish  for  ever. 


7S  DE  VONSH1RE     WILLS. 

To  Mary  Slader  "  my  mourning  ring  which  I  had  in  remem- 
brance of  my  late  wife,  and  her  Bible."  To  kinswoman  Mary 
Matthews  £2  2s.  To  Ann,  daughter  of  "my  partner"  Richard 
Stucley,  £10  los.  To  John,  son  of  Thomas  Tossel,  late  of 
King's-Nympton,  .£1  is.  a  year  for  five  years.  To  brother-in- 
law  Samuel  Johnson  £10  p.  a.  for  four  years  "  if  he  deliver  to  my 
brother  Abraham  Tossel  a  counterpart  of  lease  of  Wood 
tenem1  which  he  lately  demised  him."  To  nephew  Peter 
Johnson  his  choice  of  fifty  of  "  my  medical  books  "  "  when  he 
shall  have  lived  abroad  two  years  with  an  able  surgeon  and 
apothecary,  also  my  late  brother  George's  house  in  Chulmleigh. 
To  said  brother  Abraham  "  Puson "  in  Winkleigh  in  trust  for 
nephew  John  Tossel  Johnson  at  28. 

Residue  to  said  brother  Abraham  Tossel,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

He  directs  his  said  "grandfather's"  tomb  and  his  own  to  be 
"  enclosed  with  a  handsome  pale  or  palisadoes." 

4  sheets  of  paper. 

Proved  April  4th,  1767. 

Refer  to  Dec.  4th,  1741,  and  to  April  7th,  1754. 

N.B. — "  Puson,"  which  is  contracted  in  the  will,  is  probably  in- 
tended to  mean  the  farm  at  Winkleigh,  known  as  Punchardon. 

With  reference  to  the  bequest  of  io/-  per  annum  to  the  poor  of 
Burrington,  the  Charity  Commissioners  remark  :  "  Although  this  gift 
is  void  under  the  Mortmain  Act,  the  Rev.  John  Tossel  Johnson, 
proprietor  of  Halisbury  Farm,  regularly  pays  the  annuity  which  is 
bestowed  according  to  Testator's  directions." 


1772.  The  last  Will  of  John  Saunder  of  Chittlehampton, 
1 3th  Jany.,  1772. 

Eldest  son  John  Saunder  and  sons  Arthur  George  and 
Francis,  £  io  each. 

Daughters,  Susanna  Harris,  Joan  Skinner,  Mary  Brailey,  and 
Grace  Holland,  £10  each. 

Granddaughters,  Mary  Fewins,  a  cow,  and  Ann  Holland  ,£10. 

Daughter,  Ann  Burgess  £10. 

Son  Paul  Saunder  £10  los. 

Residue  to  wife  Grace,  who  is  sole  Executrix. 

Proved  March  6th,  1772. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  79 

1784.     George  Saunder  of  Chittlehampton,  I2th  Sept.,  1784. 

To  son  John  "  Saunders  "  £80  at  21.  To  son  William  ^90 
at  21.  To  daughter  Grace  £So.  To  daughter  Elizabeth,  wife 
of  Giles  Skinner,  ^60.  To  grandson  George  Skinner  ^"5  at  21. 

Residue  in  equal  portions  to  "  my  wife  "  and  son  George,  who 
are  joint  Exors. 

Proved  Dec.  3rd,  1784. 


1789.  The  last  Will  of  Grace  Saunders  of  Chittlehampton, 
dated  4th  Feby.,  1788. 

She  mentions  her  eldest  son  John,  her  son  Arthur,  and  his 
children,  John,  Elizabeth,  Susan,  and  Grace.  Her  son  George, 
deceased,  and  his  children  George,  John,  William,  Grace,  and 
Elizabeth,  wife  of  Giles  Skinner.  Her  son  Edward  and  his 
children  John,  Francis,  Edward,  and  George.  Her  son  Pawle, 
his  wife  Ann,  and  their  children  Edward,  Ann,  Grace,  John, 
Mary,  and  Betty.  Her  daughters  Susannah  Harris,  Joan 
Skinner,  Margaret  Braily,  and  Ann  Burgess. 

Residue  to  son  Francis,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  4th  Feby.,  1789. 


1832.  The  last  Will  of  John  Melhuish  of  Hill,  in  Cruwys 
Morchard,  Gentleman,  9th  Aug.,  1830.  To  daughter  Elizabeth 
Worthy  an  annuity  of  ^10  charged  on  land,  and  to  son  George 
£30,  charged  on  same  land  ;  during  the  joint  lives  of  said  George 
and  of  "  my  son  "  Thomas  Abraham  Melhuish. 

To  nephew  Thomas  Melhuish  of  Poughill,  Gentm.,  Jonathan 
Tanner  of  Roseash,  Gentm.,  and  Thos.  Comins  of  Witheridge, 
Gentm.,  the  estates  known  as  Eastland  and  East  and  West  Hill, 
in  trust  to  pay  the  rents  to  the  said  Thomas  Abraham  Melhuish 
for  life,  with  remainder  to  his  children  male  or  female,  and  with 
reversion  in  default  thereof  to  his  said  son  George,  with 
remainder  to  his  grandson  John,  son  of  the  said  George  for  ever. 
In  pursuance  of  the  power  given  him  by  his  late  father  Thomas 
Melhuish,  Gentleman,  of  Poughill,  he  further  leaves  to  the 
said  George  Melhuish,  Rowcliffe,  Vulscombe,  Sullacks,  Hetty- 
land  and  Hittyland,  Burridges,  Thorn-hayes,  and  Thorndown, 
the  moiety  of  the  manor  of  Yedbury,  the  tything  house  and 


So  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

a  high  rent  of  43.  4d.  per  annum  out  of  Hickeridge's  tenement, 
together  with  Edbury  Mill,  all  in  Cruse  Morchard,  for  ever.  To 
his  said  grandson  John  he  gives  the  Silver  Jug  with  initials 
engraved  thereon.  To  Mary  Maunder,  his  housekeeper,  £20  per 
annum  as  long  as  she  remains  unmarried,  charged  upon  Eastland 
and  East  and  West  Hill.  Residue  to  said  Son  George,  who  is 
Sole  Exor. 

By  Codicil,  i/th  Nov.,  1830,  he  revokes  the  bequest  to  Mary 
Maunder,  since  he  has  now  provided  for  her  by  deed. 

Witnesses  to  Will  and  Codicil — 
Thomas  Maunder. 
Thomas        „         Jun. 

Proved  by  George  Hewish  Melhuish,  the  Exor.,  i6th  June, 
1832. 

NOTE. — After  the  death  of  Rev.  Thomas  Abraham  Melhuish,  who 
died  unmarried,  1849,  George  Melhuish  and  his  son  John  sold  the 
whole  property.  Testator  had  an  elder  son,  John,  Captain  R.N.,  pre- 
deceased him,  unmarried,  and  another  daughter,  Mary,  wife  of  Wm. 
Ford.  Elizabeth  was  Editor's  Grandmother.  Testator  was  great- 
grandson  of  Thomas  Melhuish,  see  page  69. 


1840.  The  last  Will  of  Elizabeth  Richards,  widow,  of  Ilfra- 
combe,  Devon. 

She  gives  all  her  furniture  and  all  stores  in  the  house  and 
money  that  may  remain  when  all  expenses  are  paid,  to  the 
children  of  the  late  James  Richards  of  Brighton,  and  her  Plate 
to  the  Rev.  Thomas  Miller  Richards  and  William  James 
Richards,  whom  she  makes  her  Executors. 

Witnesses,  Thomas  Capel  and  Jane  Capel,  his  wife,  2  Novr., 
1839. 

A  memorandum  enclosed  gives  her  gold  watch  to  her  niece 
Mary  Gibbs,  and  her  pearl  ornaments,  earrings,  etc.,  to  the  said 
Mary  and  her  sister  Frances  between  them.  To  her  niece  Agnes 
Richards  all  her  cloathes.  To  Mrs.  Samuel  Richards  "  I  give 
my  dear  husband's  picture,  box  of  pearl  fish  and  counters,  and 
diamond  ring  on  blue."  To  Miss  Balderstone  my  painted 
work-table.  To  Mrs.  Capel  the  cups  and  saucers  on  the  parlour 
chimney  piece.  To  Mrs.  Alder  my  hoop  rings,  pearl,  &c,  by 
her  desire.  I  give  £5  to  Ann  Dunn  if  she  is  living  with  me  at 
my  death. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  81 


ARCHDEACONRY    OF    TOTNES. 


1600.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Johanne  Peeter, 
late  of  Wembury,  intestate.  Granted  to  John  Kember  and 
Elizabeth  his  wife,  sister  of  the  said  deceased,  I3th  Sept., 
1600.  Under  .£10. 

The  endorsement  gives  the  names  of  other  brothers  and 
sisters. 

"  Ita  quod  daret  Simoni  Willielmo  et  Wilielmo  suis  fratribus, 
et  Blanche  et  Katherine  ejus  sororibus." 


1602.  The  last  Will  of  Mary  Arundell  of  Trerise,  in  the  Co. 
of  Cornwall,  Gentlewoman,  dated  1st  Dec.,  1602.  To  sister 
"  Mrs.  Grace  Dinham  3  smockes,  3  ruffe  bands,  2  goundes,  2  waist- 
coth,  2  petticotes,  I  cloake  and  hoode  of  cloathe,  r  saffgard  and 
all  things  that  are  heare,  and  2  frenche  hoodes  of  vellett  per- 
formed." To  nephew  "John  Arundell  of  Trerise,  i  featherbed 
performed  withe  pillyows  and  courtyans  and  vallans  of  silke  and 
I  long  cushion  of  Tynsell,  2  short  cushions,  and  I  longe  cushion 
of  armes  of  myne  workinge."  To  God-daughter,  Ebbot  Grcnvile, 
"  my  best  gounde  of  tuffe  taffeta  whiche  I  never  wore."  To 
niece  Mrs.  Mary  Dennis  an  (i)  laze  of  pearle  and  gould.  "To 
my  mann  George  Sercombe  £10,  two  boxes  of  books  and  all 
other  things  and  bookes  remaining  in  my  great  truncke  at 
Penheale,  2  wrought  cushions  excepted."  "  More  to  my  man 
George  Sercombe  ^4  of  lawful  money  owed  for  wages.  To  the 
maid  servants  in  Sister  Dinhame's  house  2/6  each.  Residue 
to  niece  July  an  Keckwiche  who  is  Sole  Executrix." 

Witnesses — Nicholas  and  Grace  Dinham,  George  Seccombe. 

"Memorandum  that  i  cheane  of  gold  being  at  Wortham,  at 
7 


82  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

the  time  of  the  signing  and  sealing  hereof,  2  days  afterwards, 
Mrs.  Mary  Arundell  did  say  that  the  said  Mrs.  Julyan  Kekewiche 
should  have  the  saide  cheane." 

Proved  3rd  Dec.  1602. 

Endorsed — "  Nuper  de  Lifton." 

Sum  £37  195.  4d. 


1609.  The  last  Will  of  John  Elford  of  Meavy.  Dated  26th 
March,  1608.  Mentions  mother  Elenor  Elford,  brother  Wm. 
Elford,  sisters  Margaret  and  Thamsin  Elford,  Richard  Elford, 
and  Peter  Francklinge. 

Residue  to  Brother  John  Elford,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  i;th  Feb.,  1609. 


1611.  John  Wreaford  the  elder,  of  Hennock,  I2th  June,  9th 
James.  To  poor  of  Hannock,  2/0.  To  daughter  Elizabeth,  wife 
of  Wm.  Strange,  £4.  To  son  John  Wreaford,  £6.  To  daughter 
Joane  W.,  £16.  To  son  Stephen,  £3  los.  To  Robert,  son  of 
said  Stephen,  los.  To  Thomsine,  dau.  of  said  Stephen,  I  yeo 
lamb,  and  to  Mary  her  sister  the  same.  John,  son  of  Wm. 
Strange,  ios.,  and  to  William,  Dorothy,  and  Elizabeth  Strange» 
a  sheep  each.  To  servants  Eliza  Wreaford  and  Joane  Den- 
ford,  a  yeo  sheep  and  lamb. 

Residue  to  son  George  Wreaford,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  9th  July,  1611. 

Sum  ^98  145.  4d. 


1614.  The  last  Will  of  William  Wreyford,  2Oth  Dec.,  I2th 
James.  Legacies  to  poor  of  Hennock  and  Teigngrace,  Newton 
Bushill  and  Newton  Abbot.  To  son  James,  Bradleigh,  in  the 
parish  of  South  Bovey,  to  him  and  his  heirs  for  ever.  He  gives 
a  meadow  in  Bovey  to  wife  Eleanor,  and  daughters  Christian 
and  Rose.  Residue  to  said  wife  Eleanor,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  nth  Feb.,  1614. 

Sum  £267  33.  4d. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  83 

1617.     The   Will  of  Arthur  Cundye  of  Bridgerule  and   Co. 
Cornwall,  was  proved  at  Okehampton,  24th  May,  1611. 


1625.  John  Wreford  of  Moreton,  Weaver,  I7th  June,  1625. 
He  gives  to  eldest  daughter,  Richard  Croote,  £6  133.  4d.  To 
Wilmot  Savage,  second  daughter,  23/4.  To  servant,  Alice 
Croote,  bequest. 

Residue  to  son  John,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  3Oth  July,  1625. 

Sum  £67  13*.  8d. 


1626.     John   Wreford   of  Hennock,  yeoman,  24th  Dec.,  1624. 

To  poor  of  Hennock .     To  Richard  Cornish,  2OS.     To  Joane 

wife  of  Wm.  Harris,  los.  To  George  Wreaford,  IDS.  To  Eliza- 
beth Strange,  93.  Small  sums  to  John,  William,  Dorothy  and 
Elizabeth  Strange,  John  and  Wm.  Cornish  junr.,  and  John 
Cornish's  two  daughters.  To  Stephen  Wreaford  my  best  doub- 
lett.  To  John  and  Michael  W.  a  yeo  sheep  each.  To  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  John  W'reaford,  late  deceased,  I  yeo  sheep.  To 
John  W.  best  jerkin  and  second  best  breeches,  and  53.  To 
Elling,  wife  of  Wm.  Kine,  53.  To  Joan  Kynes,  "  my  servant," 

2OS. 

Residue  to  son  John,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 
Proved  1st  April,  1626. 


1626.  The  last  Will  of  John  Sanger  of  Buckfastleigh.  To 
the  poor  of  "  Lower  Town,"  33.  4d.  To  Peter  Petsvene,  4  yards 
of  New  Cloth  and  the  sum  of  los.  To  Weltym  Tolyard,  los.  at 
marriage.  To  wife  Nycole  "  my  close  of  land,"  with  remainder 
to  Maryne  Sanger,  my  daughter. 

Residue  to  said  wife  and  daughter,  who  are  Joint  Exors. 

Witnesses — Nycholas  Wolacot,  Andrew  Feseye. 

Overseers — Thomas  Collard  and  Daniell  Fox. 

Dated  23rd  May. 

Proved  8th  Dec.,  1626. 

NOTE — "  Tolyard  "  is  equivalent  to  Tolchard,  still  a  local  name. 
"  Feseye  "  is  the  same  as  Vesey. 


84  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1626.     Inventory  of  Richard  Sangwill  made  of  Plympton  St. 
Mary,  deceased  24th  Feb.  1626. 
Sum  £5  IDS.  lod. 

NOTE — The  wrapper  of  this  document  is  endorsed  "John  Sangell, 
late  of  Holbeton,  intestate,  granted  to  Beatrice  his  wife,  i4th  Feb., 
1627. 

It  encloses  a  second  Inventory  to  the  amount  of  ^14  izs.  6d. 


1634.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas,  son  of  John  Wreyford  of 
Tamerton  ffolyett  (Foliot)  Batchelor.  Mentions  brother  John 
Wreyford,  sister  Elizabeth  Edwards,  and  her  sons  Nicholas  and 
John  Edwards;  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Wm.  Gaye.  Interest  in 
land  at  Egg  Buckland,  to  brother  Wm.  Wreyford. 

Residue  to  sister  Joane  Wreyford,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  2Oth  July. 

Proved  23rd  Oct.,  1634. 


1637.  Alice  WTreyford  of  Moreton  Hampstead,  Widow,  loth 
March,  1636.  Bequests  to  son  Richard,  daughters  Wilmot, 
Anne,  Alice,  wife  of  Ciperian  Wreyford,  Jane  (daughter  of  son 
John  Wreyford).  To  Wm.  Ellicomb,  son  of  dau.  Wilmot.  To 
Mary  Brocke,  daughter  of  daughter  Elizabeth.  To  Judith 
Brocke,  daughter  of  daughter  Anne.  To  servant  Wilmote 
Wreyford.  "To  all  my  children's  children  I5d.  each." 

Residue  to  son  John,   who  is   Sole   Exor. 

Proved  28th  April,  1637. 


1640.  Administration  to  the  effects,  &c.,  of  Elizabeth  Thuell 
of  South  Brent,  granted  I2th  Feb.,  1640.  To  John  Thuell  of 
South  Brent,  Husbandman.  Edward  Searle  of  Exeter,  Gentle- 
man, joins  the  Bond. 

NOTE — She  was  daughter  of  John  Gould,  Esq.,  of  Coombe,  in 
Staverton,  by  his  wife  Alice,  daughter  of  John  Trehawkes,  and  married 
John  Thuell  of  Brent. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  85 

1660.  Matthew  Tucker  of  Hardness  (Dartmouth),  in  the 
Co.  of  Devon,  Marryner.  To  poor  of  Hardness,  2os.  He 
bequeathes  to  William  Bragg  of  Dartmouth,  "  Marryner,"  all  his 
clothes  excepting  his  "  searge  cloake,"  and  he  also  gives  him  the 
north  and  south  parts,  and  his  Tenement  in  South  Town,  Dart- 
mouth, after  the  death  of  his  Executrix.  To  Johane,  wife  of 
said  Win.  Bragg,  certain  furniture,  and  to  the  children  of  said 
Wm.  Bragg,  2Os.  each. 

To  Maryan,  wife  of  Nicholas  Risdon  of  Dartmouth,  one 
cupboard,  and  to  each  of  her  children  2Os.  each. 

Residue  to  "Ambris"  his  wife,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  lyth  July,  1649.     Proved  3Oth  Nov.,  1660. 

See  22nd  Aug.,  1663,  post. 


1662.  George  Rowe  of  Lamerton,  Husbandman,  3rd  April, 
1662.  He  gives  his  father,  Robert  Rowe,  his  interest  in  the 
lease  of  Widdeslade,  in  said  parish.  Brother  Nicholas,  best 
cloak,  best  coat,  and  best  breeches,  and  to  the  children  of  said 
brother,  and  of  brother  Richard,  I  sheep  apiece.  Bequests  to 
sisters  Elizabeth  and  "Jonas."  Mentions  his  grandfather,  John 
Colling.  Brother  Francis,  6d.  Servant  Margaret  Cudlipe,  6d. 

Residue  to  wife  Mary,   who  is   Sole   Executrix. 

Proved  4th  June,  1662. 

Witnesses — John  Rowell,  Tristram  ffarris. 

NOTE — See  my  "  Devonshire  Parishes,"  Vol.  I.,  pp.  207-8. 


1663.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Hamlin  of 
Withecombe.  Granted  to  Maria  his  widow.  John  Hamlin  of 
the  same,  Husbandman,  joins  the  Bond.  Granted  I2th  Dec., 
1663. 

NOTE — Inventory  made  by  James  and  Thomas  Hamlyn  of.  Lake. 


1663.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Ambrose  Tucker,  late 
of  Townstall,  in  the  Parish  of  Dartmouth,  widow.  To  Joanna 
Atkins,  her  cousin  and  next-of-kin.  Granted  22nd  Aug.,  1663. 


86  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1663.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Ambrose  Tucker,  late 
of  Dartmouth.  Granted  to  Philip  Square  of  South  Huish, 
Clothier,  the  nephew.  Granted  nth  Dec.,  1663. 


1665.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Noah  Wreford  of 
Moreton.  Granted  to  George  Wills,  in  minority  of  Elizabeth 
Wreford,  daughter  and  Executrix. 

2Oth  Sept.,  1665. 


1667.  Robert  Hamlyn  of  Chittleford,  in  the  Parish  of 
Withecombe,  Yeoman,  4th  Dec.,  1667.  To  daughter  Florence, 
Tenement  called  Venton,  for  99  years,  on  life  of  John,  son 
of  brother  William.  Term  to  commence  p.m.  of  Robert 
Hamlyn  of  Venton,  and  John  Jerman.  Also  "  Lower  Dun- 
stone"  for  99  years,  on  lives  of  Peter,  son  of  Walter  Hamlyn 
and  Johane,  daughter  of  said  Walter — p.m.  of  Richard,  son 
of  Edwd.  Hamlyn — under  the  ancient  yearly  rent  of  468.  8d 
for  Venton,  and  305.  for  Dunston.  To  brother's  son,  Hugh 
Hamlyn,  the  quarter  part  of  Higher  North  Dunstone  for  life, 
upon  determination  of  the  estate  therein  of  Wm.  and  Phillip 
Hamlyn. 

To  Sidrack  Jerman,  jun.,  and  his  assigns,  the  moiety  of 
Blackslade,  after  determination  of  estate  therein  of  Mary 
Hodge  and  Philip  Hamlyn. 

To  said  daughter  Florence,  and  to  her  heirs,  his  fee  simple 
lands  in  Chittleford,  Scobtor,  and  Okehampton.  To  Susan 
Hamlyn,  405.,  and  to  her  brother  Edward  Hamlyn,  2os. 

To  the  children  of  brother  Wm.  Hamlyn,  I2d.  each,  "and  to 
his  3  grandchildren,  I2d."  To  Robert,  son  of  Richard  Hamlyn, 
2s.  To  apprentice,  Richard  Hamlyn,  I2d.  To  wife  Johane, 
certain  specified  furniture  at  Chittleford.  To  poor  of  Wide- 
combe,  33.  4d.  for  bread. 

Residue  to  sd.  daughter  Florence,  who  is  sole  Executrix. 

Proved  ist  Jany.,  1667. 

Sum  .£200  4-s.  rod. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  87 

1667.     Admon.    to   effects  of  Richard  Tooker  of  Modbury. 
Granted  25th  April,  1667.  to  Susanna  his  widow. 
Extract  from  Inventory  of  Richard  Tooker  :  — 

"  60  sheep  &  28  lambs          ...          ...          ...£22  10     o 

"  8  labour  nags  &  mares       ...         ...          ...     21  6     8 

"  Item  60  bushels  of  corne  ready  thrashed         1 1  o     o 

"  Corne  in  barn  &  mowe       ...          ..,         ...     21  16     o 

"And  in  ground    ...          ...          ...     55  10     o 

"  One  ffowling  piece  &  one  sword  ...          ...     o  15  11 


"  Total  sum     ...  £185     7     2 


1668.  Cyprian  Wreyford  of  Moreton,  Weaver,  6th  June, 
1649. 

Bequests  to  sons  Abraham  and  Isaack.  To  daughters 
Rebecca,  Alice,  Mary,  and  to  daughter-in-law  Elizb.  Heaward. 
Residue  to  son  Noah,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Administration  granted  to  Marke  and  Elizabeth  Manne  of 
Abbot's  Kerswell,  jrd  April,  1668. 


1670.  William  Wrayford  of  Bovey  Tracy,  Yeoman,  I2th  Nov., 
22nd  Clias.  II.  To  son  James,  my  tenement  called  Bradley,  in 
said  parish,  to  him  and  his  heirs  for  ever,  charged  with  .£40  each 
to  son  William  and  daughter  Mary  Wrayford.  "  To  Peter  son 
of  John  Gray  my  brother-in-law  5/-"  To  Johan,  daughter  of 
brother-in-law  Wm.  Cater,  5s.,  and  to  William,  son  of  brother- 
in-law  Philip  Solomon,  55. 

Residue  to  wife  Ellen,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  6th  March,  1670. 

Sum  £54  os.  2d. 


1672.  Julyan  Gould  of  Staverton,  Widow,  151)1  March, 
1668. 

To  poor  of  Staverton,  405.  To  son  Henry,  £40.  To  Mary 
wife  of  Richard  Savery  of  Ollacombe  in  Rattery,  Gentm.,  .£40, 
"  &  the  halfendale  of  all  my  chest  of  lynnen,  and  one  gold 


88  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

ring  with  fower  gems."  To  god-daughter  Julyan  Row,  405.  ; 
and  to  her  eight  brothers  and  sisters,  2os.  each.  To  her  son 
John  Row,  403.,  and  to  his  two  brothers  and  one  sister  IDS. 
each. 

"To  my  daughter  Julyan  Abraham's  there  daughters  2O/- 
each.  2O/-  each  to  Katherine  Gould  &  her  three  sisters  &  to 
Edward  Gould  &  John  Gould  his  brother.  To  Gt  Grand- 
daughter Elizabeth  daughter  of  Julyan  Courtill." 

Residue  to  said  daughter  Julyan  Abraham,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved  I4th  June,  1672. 

Sum  £150  133.  4d. 

NOTE — She  was  widow  of  Edward  Gould  of  Coombe  in  Staverton, 
and  is  mentioned  in  the  Herald's  Visitation  of  1620,  as  daughter  and 
co-heir  of  Zachary  Irish  of  Chudleigh. 


1674.  Richard  Hamlinge  of  Withecombe  in  the  Moor,  Yeo- 
man, 2nd  July,  1667. 

Legacies  to  son  Richard  and  to  Richard  son  of  said  Richard. 
The  latter  then  under  14.  To  dau.  Ann  Gould.  To  son-in-law 
Andrew  Downinge.  To  son  Walter  H. 

Residue  to  Peter,  son  of  Walter  Hamlinge,  who  is  Sole 
Ex  or. 

Proved  8th  Oct.,   1674. 

Sum  £94  8s.  4d. 

NOTE — Richard  Hamlinge  made  the  inventory. 


1675.  Nuncupative  Will  of  Mary  Tucker  of  Tavistock 
Jany.  4th,  1675.  She  makes  her  cousin,  Richard  Tucker, 
universal  Legatee  and  Sole  Executor. 

Proved  iQth  Jany.,  1675. 

Sum  £3  i  is.  lod. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  89 

1674.     Robert  Rowe  of  Lainerton,  27th  Feby.,  1673. 
Small  bequests,  viz.,  is.   to  son   Nicholas,  55.   to  son  Richard, 
is.  to  daughter  Jonne  Fursman,  is.  to  all  grandchildren. 
Residue  to  daughter  Elizabeth,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 
Witnesses — Thomas  Burnaford,  Julian  Burnaford,  John  ffarris. 
Proved  2nd  Dec.,  1674. 
Sum  £47  143.  lod. 

NOTE — Nicholas  Rowe  the  Poet  was  of  the  Lamerton  family,  being 
son  of  John  Rowe,  Sergt.-at-law,  died,  1692.  See  my  "  Devonshire 
Parishes,"  Vol.  I.,  pp.  204-207. 


1675.  Peter  Hamling  of  Withecombe-in-the-Moor,  Yeoman, 
6th  Dec.,  1674. 

Legacies  to  brother-in-law  John  Jerman.  To  sister  Barbary 
Jerman,  and  to  Walter  and  John,  sons  of  John  Jerman. 

To  Cousin  Francis  Hambling,  "  my  fowling-piece  and  pistol." 
Legacies  to  "  Cosins  "  Mary  and  Richard  Hamling. 

Poor  of  Parish,  2Os. 

Residue  to  sisters  Mary  and  Margaret  Hamling,  who  are  Joint 
Exors. 

Witnesses — Richard  Hamling  and  others. 

Proved  7th  May,  1675. 

NOTE — Admon.  Bond  attached  to  Will,  which  was  proved  by  Richard 
Hamlyn  (Uncle  of  the  Executrices  Mary  and  Margaret,  in  their 
minority),  and  by  Richard  Tupper  of  Widecombe. 


1675.  The  last  Will  of  Samuel  Wrayford,  the  son  of  Thomas 
Wrayford  of  Moreton,  Tailor,  2Qth  June,  1675.  To  brother 
Jonathan,  all  interest  in  a  close  of  land  called  Furspark  in  the 
Parish  of  Totnes.  Charged  with  an  annuity  of  2os.  to  Aunt 
Elizabeth  Torroway.  To  Aunt  Modistis  Browne,  2Os.  per 
annum.  To  Jonathan  and  George,  sons  of  brother  Thomas, 
55.  each.  To  sister-in-law  Anne  Stone,  2s.  6d. 

Residue  to  said  father,  Thomas  Wrayford,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Sum  £14. 

Proved  28th  July,  1675. 


90  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1678.  Christopher  Hamlyn  of  Withecombe  in  the  Moor, 
Yeoman.  To  Nicholas,  son  of  John  Mory,  £20.  To  brother 
James'  children,  Katherine  and  Susan,  2Os.  each.  To  Isot,  dau. 
of  Edward  Woodley,  2Os  To  Joane  Berry,  dau.  of  brother  John 
Hamlyn,  2Os.  To  Thomas  Hamlyn's  children,  James,  Thomas, 
and  Joane,  2os.  each.  To  Christopher,  son  of  Christopher 
Hamlyn,  2Os.  To  John,  son  of  Richard  Hamlyn,  2Os.  To 
John  Sherwill's  children,  William,  George,  Mary,  and  Agnes, 
2os.  each.  To  Thomas,  Edward,  Mary,  Joane,  and  Agnes, 
children  of  Nicholas  Furse,  2Os.  each.  To  Edward,  Richard, 
John,  Joan,  Rabbidge,  and  Honour,  children  of  Elizabeth 
Arnell,  2Os.  each.  To  Mary  and  Francis,  children  of  Walter 
Coulton,  IDS.  each.  Out  of  tenement  called  Rowbrooke  to  brother 
John  Hamlyn,  an  annuity  of  £3  during  the  life  of  wife  Agnes, 
and  Mary  wife  of  John  Mory.  To  poor  of  Holne,  2os.  Lower 
Hannaford  to  wife  Agnes  for  life,  with  remainder  to  Thomas, 
son  of  brother  Thomas  Hamlyn. 

Residue  to  wife  Agnes,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses — Thomas  Hamlyn,  with  others. 

Dated  I5th  Feby.,  1677. 

Proved  8th  June,  1678. 

Sum  £178  los.  9d. 


1681.  James  Hamlyn  the  elder,  of  Withecombe-in-the-iVIoor, 
Yeoman,  6th  Mar.,  1679.  To  poor  of  the  parish,  55.  Certain 
furniture,  to  wife  Alice.  Mentions  daughters  Katherine 
Woodley  and  her  children,  Isott  and  Susannah  Woodley, 
daughter  Susannah  Townsend,  and  grandchildren  James  and 
Richard  Townsend. 

To  brother  John  Hamlyn,  IDS.  To  God-daughter  Rose 
Hamlyn,  2s. 

Residue  to  daughter  Alice  Hamlyn,  who  is  sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses — John  Hamlyn,  Agnes  Hamlyn  junr.,  Susanna 
Hamlyn. 

Proved  25th  April,  1681. 

Sum  £,107  173.  8d. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  91 

1682.  William  Hamlyn  of  Withecombe  in  the  Moor.  To 
wife  Elizabeth,  household  furniture.  To  Daughter  Joane,  ^30. 
To  dau.  Mary,  wife  of  Peter  Mann,  £5.  To  Peter  Mann's 
children  Mary,  Elizabeth,  Sibella,  and  Silvester,  2os.  each.  To 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Ellis  Thomas,  £$.  To  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  son  John  Hamlyn,  2os.  To  daughter  Hannah, 
"  one  bed  performed." 

Residue  to  son  Hugh  Hamlyn,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Dated  iQth  May,  1680. 

Proved  2Oth  Jany.,  1682-3. 


1682.  Agnes  Tucker  of  Dartington,  in  the  Co.  of  Devon, 
Widow.  Legacies  to  sons  William  and  Samuel,  and  to  daughter 
Mary,  wife  of  Thomas  Adams.  To  grandson,  Thomas  Edwards, 
£3.  To  grandchildren,  son  and  dau.  of  Wm.  Tucker,  55.  each. 
To  Samuel  and  John,  sons  of  son  Saml.,  5s.  To  granddaughter 
Mary  Tucker,  40$. 

Residue  to  son  Thomas,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses — Edwd.  Chastor,  Hy.  Adams,  Hy.  Nethcrton. 

Proved  7th  Feby.,  1682. 


1685.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Row  of  Lamer- 
ton,  in  the  Co.  of  Devon,  granted  to  Nicholas  Row  his  father,  of 
the  said  parish  of  Lamerton,  Gentleman,  I5th  July,  1685. 

NOTE— See  ante,  2nd  Dec.,  1674,  and  4th  June,  1662. 


1689.  The  account  of  Elias  Newcomen,  Administrator  of  the 
goods,  &c.,  of  Thomas  Trenhale,  late  of  Kingsweare  in  the 
County  of  Devon,  deceased.  Delivered  I2th  Dec.,  1689. 

Signed,  "  Elias  Newcomen." 

NOTE — This  was  the  father  of  the  Inventor  of  the  Stationary  Steam 
Engine,  and  the  grandson  of  the  Revel.  Elias  Newcomen,  Rector  of 
Stoke  Fleming,  3rd  son  of  Charles,  2nd  son  of  Brian  Newcomen  of 
Saltfleetby,  Co-  Lincoln.  One  of  the  oldest  families  in  that  county. 

See  my  "  Devonshire  Parishes,"  vol.  I.,  pp.  372  et  seq. 


92  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1691.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Singer  of 
Plymouth.  Granted  loth  March,  1691,  to  Elizabeth  Holman 
of  the  same,  Principal  Creditor. 

Enclosed  is  the  following  Affidavit — 

"  These  are  to  certify  that  John  Singer  of  Virginia  made  a 
nuncupative  Will,  &  gave  &  bequeathed  all  his  goods  &  chattels 
unto  his  mother-in-law,  Elizabeth  Holman,  upon  the  considera- 
tion of  a  daylie  support  he  received  from  her,  the  truth  of  which 
we  doe  hereby  attest  &  have  sett  our  hands  to  the  same,  all 
belonging  to  their  Majesty's  ship  Portsmouth  now  -in  Plymouth. 
1 5th  Dec.,  1691. 

"  Under  £50. 

"John  Jones,  Wm.  Wilson,  Walter  Hockin." 


1691.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Hamlyn  of  Ash  in  the  parish 
of  Widecombe  in  the  Moor,  Yeoman.  To  wife  Elizabeth,  .£10, 
and  the  Great  Bible,  the  Chest  in  the  Hall  Chamber,  and  an 
annuity  of  £$,  to  issue  out  of  Lighter. 

To  son  Thomas  Hamlyn,  £10,  and  an  annuity  of  .£5  out  of 
Lighter.  To  grandchildren,  sons  and  daughters  of  son  James, 
403.  each.  To  seven  grandchildren,  children  of  Edward  Gifford, 
403.  each.  To  the  two  children  of  son  Thomas,  403.  each.  To 
the  four  children  of  John  Hamlyn  of  Lake,  husband  of  daughter 
Johane,  403.  each. 

Residue  lands  and  goods,  &c,  to  son  James  Hamlyn,  who  is 
Sole  Exor. 

Dated    i6th   Jany.,   1690.       Proved    1st  July,    1691. 

Sum  .£237  os.  4d. 


1695.  Elizabeth  Hamline  of  Withecombe-in -the- Moor, 
widow.  To  son  James,  is.  To  son  Thomas,  the  Great 
Bible.  To  daughter  Joane  Hamline,  is.,  and  "half  my  wearing 
apparel."  "The  other  half"  to  daughter-in-law  Mary  Jefford. 
To  Phillip  ffole  of  North  Bovey,  widow,  ios. 

Residue  to  son  Edward  Jefford,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Dated    i8th  Feby .,    1692.       Proved   25th   July,    1695. 

Sum  ^5  5s.  lod. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  93 

1696.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Thomas  Mortimore  of 
Slapton,  granted  to  Rebecca  Mortimore,  his  sister,  nth  June, 
1696. 


1699.  Walter  Blatchford  of  Highampton,  Yeoman, 
April,  1694.  Grandson  Ricliard  Blatchford,  £11  los.  at  16. 
To  brother  John  Blatchford's  children,  IDS.,  that  is  to  say,  53.  to 
Godson  Walter  B.,  and  is.  to  the  other  five  children. 

To  son  Robt.  Blatchford,  leasehold  tenement  called  Stendon, 
for  life,  with  remdr.  to  grandson  John  Blatchford,  charged  with 
an  annuity  of  £6  to  Thomasin,  mother  of  the  said  John.  To 
wife  "  Rachwell,"  two  leasehold  tenements  called  Oadham  and 
Whitacre,  with  remainder  to  said  son  Robert  ;  who  is  to  put  in 
grandson  Walter's  life  on  said  tenement.  To  said  grandson 
Walter  B.,  £50. 

Residue  to  said  son  Robert,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses — Thomas  and  Margt.  Stafford  and  Mary  Ffleming. 

Proved  by  Exor.  at  Hatherleigh,  5th  March,  1699. 

Sum  .£255  los. 


1702.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Jacob  Singnar,  alias 
Cisard,  of  Plymouth,  of  the  Royal  Ship  "  Pembroke."  Granted 
3Oth  May,  1702,  to  Maria  Bandram  his  cousin. 


1706.  John  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe,  Yeoman.  His  leasehold 
house  in  Ashburton,  courtlage  and  herb  garden  (determinable 
upon  the  lives  of  John  and  Elizb.  Cane),  to  daughter  Mary 
Hamlyn. 

To  daughters  Elizabeth  and  Susan  H.,  £20.  To  brother 
Hugh  Hamlyn,  the  lands  in  Blackslade  :  and  all  head  rents  to 
him  and  his  heirs  for  ever. 

To  Hugh  Hamlyn's  children,  I2d.  apiece.  To  Sibly,  daughter 
of  Silvester  Mann,  is. 

Residue  to  "  Joane  my  wife,"  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  29th  Aug.,  1705. 

Proved  April,  1706. 

Sum  £117  os.  2cl. 


94 


DE  VONSHIRE     WI1.  LS. 


1707.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Isaac  Tucker  of 
Plymouth.  Granted  to  Sara  his  sister,  wife  of  John  Holditch 
5th  Nov.,  1707. 


1719.  William  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe-in-the-Moor,  Yeoman 
To  the  poor,  5s.  To  daughter  Elizabeth  Hamlyn,  £30,  at  21. 
Mentions  Richard  Hext  "my  kinsman  "  of  Hannaford. 

Residue  of  estate  in  Blackdon  Pipard  in  Widecombe  to  said 
daughter  Elizabeth  after  death  of  Robert  Hamlyn,  my  father, 
and  Elizabeth,  my  wife.  To  brother-in-law  John  Saunders,  is. 
To  sister  Katherine  Saunders,  2os.  To  brother-in-law  Saml. 
Eales,  is.  To  brother  in-law  James  Luckham,  is.  To  sister-in- 
law  Mary  Gaunter,  is.  Apprentice  Humphry  Passmore,  los. 
To  apprentice  Sibil  Hamlyn,  5s. 

Residue  to  wife  Elizabeth,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  28th  Feby.,  1718-19. 

Proved  8th  July,  1719. 


1719.  Administration  to  the  estate  of  James  Hamlyn  of 
Withecombe,  granted  to  his  father,  James  Hamlyn,  and  to 
Robert  Mann,  in  the  minority  of  James  and  Thomas  Hamlyn, 
children  of  said  deceased. 

There  is  a  memo,  which  shows  that  a  "  Caveat  against  admon." 
had  been  lodged  by  the  two  administrators  who  afterwards 
agreed. 

Admon.  granted  May  23rd,  1719. 


1719.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Robert  Tucker,  late  of 
Blackawton,  deceased.  Granted  to  Agnes  his  relict.  John 
Tucker  of  Blackawton  joins  the  bond. 

1 6th  Jany.,  1719. 


1719.  John  Hamlyn  of  Lake  in  the  parish  of  Widecombe  in 
the  Moor,  Yeoman.  To  wife  Joane  Hamlyn,  .£10.  To  son 
Richard  H.  all  right  in  Higher  Ash  in  said  parish.  Bequest  to 
Elizabeth,  wife  of  Thomas  Hamlyn,  and  to  her  four  children. 


DEVONSHIRE     W/LLS.  95 

To  daughter  Mary  Hamlyn,  £70,  and  a  similar  sum  to  daughter 
Joane  Hamlyn  at  21. 

To  son  James  Hamlyn  at  21,  Corndon  in  said  parish,  and  in 
the  Manor  of  Spitchwick  for  ever.     With  remainder  to  said  son 
Richard  Hamlyn.      Mentions    Mary,   wife  of  John  Leyman  of 
"  Bonehill,"  Mary  Puttercombe,  Sara  and  John  Stanckombe. 

Residue  to  said  son  Richard,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Witnesses — Joane  Gefford,  Jane  Hamlyn. 

Dated  I  ith  July. 

Proved  3 1st  Aug.,  1719. 


1719.  Richard  Hamlyn  of  Lake  in  the  parish  of  Widecombe, 
Yeoman,  22nd  Dec.,  1719.  To  brother  James  H.,  3  fields  in 
Higher  Hannaford.  To  poor  of  Widecombe  io/-.  To  mother 
Joane  Hamlyn  £$,  with  an  additional  sum  of  £10,  "  formerly 
given  by  my  father  John  Hamlyn  to  my  mother."  To  kins- 
man John  Emmett  2O/-.  To  sister  Elizabeth,  now  wife  of 
Thomas  Hamlyn  of  Ash  £,$.  Residue,  remainder  of  term 
in  Higher  Ash  and  tenement  in  "Hier"  Hannaford  to  three 
sisters,  Mary,  Johane,  and  Dunes  Hamlyn. 

Witnesses,  James  Hamlyn. 
Thomas     „ 

Proved    I3th  Feby.,    1719. 

Sum   ^339  6s.  yd. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  Will  of  John  Hamlyn  of  Lake,  3ist  Aug.,  1719, 
ante. 


1725.  Joan  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe,  widow.  To  poor  there 
2O/-.  To  youngest  daughter,  Dunes  Hamlyn,  £1$.  To 
daughter  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Thos.  Hamlyn,  "  my  best  govvne." 
To  other  two  daughters,  Mary  and  Joan,  I/-  each.  To  all  my 
seven  grandchildren  5/-  each. 

Residue  to  son  James,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Dated   nth  Oct.,    1723.     Proved  3Oth  June,   1725. 

Sum  £44   155.   4d. 


96  DE  VONSH1RE     WILLS. 

1725.  James  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe-in-the-Moor,  Yeoman. 
To  son  Thomas  H.  I/-.  To  daughter  Anne,  wife  of  Richard 
Peny,  I/-.  To  daughter  Mary,  late  wife  of  Henry  Gaunter 
deceased,  I/-.  To  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Thomas  Grigg,  I/-. 

Residue  to  "  my  wife,"  who  is   Sole  Executrix. 

The  "  Act  of  Court"  proves  that  his  wife  was  called  "  Mary." 

Dated    8th  Feby.,    1724.     Proved  6th  Nov.,    1725. 

Sum  £18  35.   lod. 


1727.  Administration  to  the  Effects  of  Maria  Tucker  of 
Hatherleigh  Granted  to  William  Tucker,  her  husband. 
Feby.  iQth,  1727.  John  Tucker  joins  in  the  bond. 


1729.  Hugh  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe,  Yeoman.  To  wife 
Joane,  Scobbator,  in  said  parish,  for  life,  with  remainder  to 
son  William,  and  to  the  latter  "  all  my  lands  in  the  Manor  of 
Dunstone  for  ever." 

To  son  Hugh,  "  my  right  in  Blackslade,  which  Anne  Brewsey 
now  possesses,"  with  reversion  to  son  Edward  H.  To  son 
John  £,12.  To  three  daughters,  Hannah,  Jane,  and  Susanna, 
£j  each.  To  daughter  Joane,  wife  of  Robert  Hamlyn,  .£3  35. 
To  daughter  Elizabeth,  wife  of  John  Tarr,  £2  2s.  To  my  two 
grandchildren,  daus.  of  John  Tarr,  5/-  each. 

Residue   to    wife   Joane,   who   is   Sole   Executrix. 

Dated  2Oth  Feby.,  1728.  Proved  at  Newton  Abbot,  2ist 
May,  1729. 


1736.  William  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe-in-the-Moor,  Yeoman. 
To  wife  Katherine  his  goods,  in  trust  to  provide  for  all  his 
children. 

He  recites  that  his  late  father,  Hugh  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe, 
bequeathed  him  all  his  lands  in  the  Manor  of  Dunstone,  to 
him  and  his  heirs,  and  he  leaves  the  said  Manor  to  the  child 
now  conceived  by  his  wife  if  it  be  a  man  child,  but  if  not, 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  97 

then    Dunstona  is    to    be  divided    amongst   all    his   daughters, 
with  reversion  to  brother  Hugh  Hamlyn. 

Overseers  :  Peter   Hamlyn   and   Sylvester  Mann. 

Witnesses :  Edward    Hamlyn,   with  others. 

Dated    i6th   Oct.       Proved    1st   Nov.,    1736. 


1736.  Jane  Tooker  of  Milton  Abbot,  "Spinster"  To  her 
daughter  Elizb.  Trais  I/-.  To  daughter  Mary  Tooker  I/-. 
Residue  to  son  John  Tooker,  who  is  Sole  Exor.  John  Ward 
Exor.  in  Trust  during  minority. 

Witnesses  :  Pierce  Edgcumbe,  Daniel  Ward. 

Dated    5th    Feby.,    1735.       Proved   Qth    Feby.,    1736. 


1740.  Administration  to  the  Effects  of  Charles  Blachford 
of  Totnes,  late  H.M.S.  "  Burford."  Granted  to  Elizabeth, 
wife  of  Azarias  Cundetf,  sister  of  deceased. 

3 1st  Jany.,    1740. 


1742.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Blachford  of 
Totnes.  Granted  to  Christian  Blachford  of  the  same,  widow, 
4th  Dec.,  1742.  John  Clift  of  the  same,  cooper,  and  Richard 
Coll,  carpenter,  join  the  bond. 

Sum   £83    145. 


1746.  Will  of  Richard  Heath  of  Stoke- Damerell,  late 
H.M.S.  "Woolwich."  Dated  23rd  June,  1739.  Probate  ob- 
tained by  Ann  Cleverton,  formerly  Heath,  relict  of  said 
Testator  and  now  wife  of  John  Cleverton,  I2th  Feby.,  1746. 

Monition   to  remove  to   P.  C,  Canterbury,  6th    Nov.,    1751 


1750.     Thomas  Blatchford    of   Plymouth,    3rd    April,    1750. 

To     friend     John  Cooban     of    Plymouth,    surgeon,      freehold 

dwelling  house  in  Plymouth   in    trust  for  son   Wm.    Blatchford 

8 


98  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

at  21.  Charged  with  payment  of  £20  to  son  Thomas  Blatch- 
ford  at  21.  To  wife  Thomasine  use  of  said  house  during 
minority  of  the  said  two  children. 

Witnesses  :  Elizb.  Murch,  John  Commin,  Richard  Sandford. 

Proved   I4th  Feby.,   1750. 


1751.  Administration  of  the  effects  of  John  Hamlyn  late 
of  Widecombe-in-the-Moor,  deceased.  Granted  to  his  brother 
Richard  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe,  and  to  Thomas  Hamlyn  of 
Tor  Bryan,  Thomas  Hamlyn  the  father  of  deceased  having 
renounced.  Granted  2Qth  June,  1751. 


1752.  John  Tucker  of  Halwell  in  the  Co.  of  Devon, 
Husbandman.  "  I  due  heare  give  to  my  wife  Ellenor  all  my 
goods  &  chattels  &  the  tenement  called  Horseville  for  life,  & 
after  her  death  to  my  granddaughter  Mary  Penny,  who  is  to 
take  care  of  her  grandmother  for  the  rest  of  her  life  &  to  have 
the  said  house  for  the  remdr  of  ye  lease." 

To  sister  Avice  a  brass  crocke.  To  granddaughter  Mary 
Paige  "  my  deepe  bottomed  brasse  panne  which  was  my 
mother's."  To  granddaughter  Ann  Paige  a  pewter  dish  marked 
J.  J.  T.  To  granddaughter  Sarah  Paige  a  "  Puter  dish  marked 
T.  H." 

Witnesses :  Samuel   and  Joan   Wakeham. 

Dated  June   29th,   1746.     Proved  3rd   Feby.,   1752. 


1754.  Walter  Mortimer  of  North  Bovey,  Yeoman.  To 
wife  Joan,  the  best  bed,  "and  one  thing  of  a  sort  necessary  for 
a  single  woman  to  have  the  use  of,  for  life." 

Bequests  to  eldest  son  George,  to  daughter  Agnes,  wife 
of  John  Boone,  and  to  their  children,  Joan,  Mary,  Benjamin, 
Elizabeth,  and  Susanna  Boone.  To  daughter  Mary  Mortimer 
£10,  and  to  son-in-law  Richard  Honniwill  2/6. 

Residue  to  sons  Walter  and  Nicholas  Mortimoor,  who  are 
Joint  Exors. 

Witnesses:  John  Willcocke,  John  Tallamy,  George  Underhay. 

Proved   8th    May,    1754. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  99 

1763.     Administration  to  the   effects    of    Hugh    Hamlyn  of 

Widecombe-in-the-Moor,     deceased,      intestate.        Granted  to 
Mary,  his  widow,  24th  March,   1763. 


1771.  Thomas  Hamlyn  of  Hannaford,  in  the  parish  of 
Widecombe-in-the-Moor.  To  daughter  Elizabeth  Smerdon, 
£5.  To  grandson  John  Bedlake,  and  to  granddaughter, 
Charity  Bedlake,  £$.  To  granddaughter  Mary,  daughter  of 
Richard  Cocke,  £5.  Residue  to  grandson,  Thomas  Hamlyn 
Sherwill,  Sole  Exor.,  son  of  John  Sherwill.  Overseers  during 
minority,  son-in-law  George  Sherwill,  and  grandson  Richard 
Burnell. 

Dated  3rd  July,  1766.     Proved  9th  March,    1771. 

Sum  .£74  I2s.  6d. 


1772.  Peter  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe-in-the-Moor,  Yeoman. 
To  sons  Richard,  £3,  George,  2O/- ;  and  Bequests  to  sons 
Thomas  and  Hugh,  and  to  daughter  Mary,  wife  of  Wm. 
Nosworthy.  To  daughter  Ruth  Hamlyn,  .£10.  To  grandson 
Peter,  son  of  son  Francis  Hamlyn,  io/-. 

To  each  of  daughter  Joan's  children,  she  being  late  wife  of 
John  White,  deceased,  io/-.  Residue  of  real  estate,  lands,  &c., 
to  son  Peter  Hamlyn,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Dated   141!)  Feb.,  1770.     Proved   I2th  June,   1772. 


1772.  Francis  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe-in-the-Moor,  Yeoman. 
To  loving  wife  Anne,  the  South  Part  of  Sercombe  for  99 
years,  with  reversion  to  nephew  Peter  Hamlyn  and  his  male 
heirs,  he  being  son  of  brother  Peter  H.  The  other  sons  of 
said  brother  Peter  have  remainder  of  said  estate,  viz.,  Richard, 
George,  Francis,  William,  Thomas,  and  Hugh  Hamlyn.  In 
default  of  heirs  of  these,  Sercombe  is  settled  on  brother 
George  Hamlyn  of  Aveton  Gifford  and  his  sons,  George, 
Richard,  John,  Arthur,  and  Francis  Hamlyn,  and  in  default 
to  right  heirs  of  said  nephew,  Peter  Hamlyn.  He  bequeaths 


ioo  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

in    similar    terms    the    other   moiety  of   Sercombe,  and  all  his 
tenements,  &c.,  in  Ashburton  and  elsewhere. 

Residue  to  wife  Anne,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  29th  April,  1749.     Proved  gth  May,  1772. 

No  Inventory. 

(On  four  sheets  of  paper.) 


1772.  John  Hamlyn  of  Corndon  in  the  parish  of  Wide- 
combe-in-the-Moor,  Yeoman.  To  mother  Mary  Hamlyn,  £1$. 
To  brother  James  Hamlyn,  2O/-.  To  sisters  Mary  and  Eliza- 
beth Hamlyn,  £4  each.  To  sister  Anne,  wife  of  Jno.  French, 
2O/-.  To  brother  James'  sons,  John  and  James,  55.  each. 
Bequests  of  i/-  each  to  John  French's  children,  viz.,  Elizabeth, 
Ann,  Susanna,  Mary,  and  Sarah,  John  and  William  French. 
To  William,  son  of  "  sister  Joane,"  I/-. 

"  My  brother  Richard  Hamlyn  to  be  my  Executor." 

Dated  7th  Oct.,   1772. 

Witnesses — Richard   Hamlyn,  with  others. 

Proved   I4th   Nov.,   1772. 

Sum  ,£100  95. 


1784.  Thomas  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe-in-the-Moor.  "  To 
Cousin  Thomas  White  my  sister  Joane's  son,"  £3  35. 

Residue  to  Dorothy,  otherwise  Dolly  Hamlyn,  my  wife,  who 
is  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated   ist  Dec.,   1767.     Proved  2Oth  April,  1784. 


1798.  The  last  Will  of  Mary  Howell  of  Plymouth  Dock, 
widow,  2nd  May,  1789. 

She  leaves  her  son,  Samuel  Blatchford,  her  sylver  quart 
and  six  spoons.  Mentions  her  grandson  Henry,  son  of  said 
Samuel ;  Alice,  wife  of  said  Samuel. 

The  residue  of  plate  to  daughter  Jane  Blatchford. 

Mentions     brother     Henry     Heath,    sisters    Sarah    Newson, 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  101 

Susannah  Rowe,  and  her  brothers  Robert,  Samuel,  and  Richard 
Heath,  who  are  to  have  mourning  rings. 

Residue  to  said  Samuel  and  Jane  Blatchford,  who  are  Sole 
Exors. 

Proved   i8th  Sept.,  1798. 

Under  £100. 


1806.  John  Hamlyn  of  Lake  in  the  parish  of  Widecombe- 
in-the-Moor,  Yeoman.  Dated  /th  Feby.,  1801. 

He  leaves  his  daughter  Mary  £5  ;  and  bequeaths  the 
residue  to  his  wife  Grace  and  son  William.  The  latter  is 
Sole  Executor. 

Proved   nth  March,   1806. 

Under  £100. 


DE  I'ONSHIRE     I VI L  I.  S. 


CONSISTORIAL     COURT. 


1541.  The  last  Will  of  John  Hamlyn  of  Chudleigh.  Dated 
5th  June,  1541. 

"  To  the  store  of  our  Lady  of  Chagford  a  shepe."  To  son 
John  Hamlyn  of  Chagford,  all  goods  remaining  there. 

To  wife  Margery  all  household  stuff.  Joint  Exors.,  wife 
Margery  and  son  John. 

Witness — Richard  Northcote,  Clerk. 

To  poor  of  Chudleigh,  a  wether  sheep. 

No  act  of  proof. 

Collated  Will  Old  Bk.,  Cons.  Ct,  Fo.  85. 


1547.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Worth,  Clerk,  Parson  of 
Washfield  and  Thurlestone.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in  the 
Chancel  of  Washfield  Church,  and  leaves  to  "  my  Cosen 
Wenefred"  /I2d.  To  godson  Arthur  Worth,  fad.  Also  to 
godson  "at  harpryge,"  /4d.  Residue  to  servant  Wm.  Davye 
"as  seemeth  him  best."  Dated  isth  May,  37th  Hy.  VIII. 
By  Nuncupative  Codicil  made  by  Michael  Brown,  according 
to  instructions  received  from  said  Wm.  Davye  and  dated 
27th  July,  same  year,  Testator  confirms  his  former  Will,  and 
gives  Henry  Morgan,  Clerk,  Vicar  of  Alvvyngton,  his  "  chamlot 
gowne "  and  nominated  him  Joint  Exor.  with  Wm.  Davye, 
in  presence  of  Richard  Halse,  Clerk,  Vicar  of  Broadclist. 
Gregory  Basset  "Parson  of  St.  Martyn's  Exeter"  witnesses  the 
instructions  for  Codicil. 

Proved  6th  Aug.,  1547. 

Collated  Will — Old  Book,  Consistory  Court,  Fo.    197. 

NOTES. — Testator  was  fifth  son  of  Anthony  "  Worth  "  of  Worth,  whose 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  103 

brother  Roger  was  ancestor  of  the  Worthes  of  Compton,  Barnstaple, 
Crediton,  and  Exeter. 

The  Worthes  presented  to  Wash  field  in  right  of  inheritance  from 
the  Beauchamps,  through  Abbot.  Thomas  Worth  of  Worth  presented, 
1410,  and  his  direct  descendant  Mrs.  Worth,  whose  husband,  the  late 
Rev.  W.  Jones,  assumed  her  name,  similarly  presented,  1884. 

From  Abbot,  through  Beauchamp,  the  Worthes  also  derived  the 
Manor  of  Wash  field.  These  Beauchamps  were  a  younger  branch  of 
the  White  Lackington  family,  whose  heir,  in  elder  line,  brought  that 
est  tie  to  Speke,  and  derived  from  Milo  Beauchamp  of  Eaton,  younger 
brother  of  Walter  Beauchamp,  the  ancestor  of  the  Earls  of  Warwick. 


1549.  The  last  Will  of  Henry  Gibbe  (or  Gybbes  as  in 
the  Calendar)  of  Woodbury  in  the  County  of  Devon. 

Leaves  money  to  the  "  poor  man's  hope "  of  the  said 
Parish,  and  money  to  the  poor  of  Clyst  St.  George,  be- 
queathing the  residue  to  Joane  his  wife  who,  he  was  sure, 
would  dispose  of  it  in  the  best  way  for  the  good  of  his 
soul.  He  makes  her  his  Executrix. 

Witnesses — William  Gybbe,  Clerk,  and  George  Gybbe  of 
Clyst  St.  George. 

Date  of  Will,  October  2nd,  1549.  A  Commission  was  issued 
to  the  said  William  Gybbe,  therein  described  as  Rector  of 
Clyst  St.  Mary,*  to  prove  the  Will. 

Probate  granted  Oct.  2Oth,   1549. 


1569.  Grant  by  John  Arundell  of  Lannherne,  Co.  Cornwall, 
Miles,  of  the  advowson  of  the  Rectory  of  St.  Columb  for 
one  turn  whenever  or  by  whatever  means  it  may  be  vacant, 
to  nephew  Nicholas  Bosgrave  of  London,  gentm.,  2Oth  April, 
1569. 

Confirmation  by  John,  son  and  heir  of  John  Arundell  of 
Lannherne,  lately  deceased,  of  the  next  presentation  to  Rectory 
of  St  Columb  to  Nicholas  Bosgrave,  i8th  May,  33rd  Elizb. 

NOTE. — From  a  Book  of  Exhibits,  Archives  Consistory  Court, 
F.xeter. 


Instituted  Sept.   7th,   1543.     He  was  afterward   Rector  of  CljM  St.  deorge. 


104  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1571.  The  last  Will  of  Willyam  Gibbe*  (Rector)  of  Clyst 
St.  George. 

After  some  small  charitable  bequests  he  appoints  John 
Gibbe,  son  of  George  Gibbe,  deceased,  of  St.  George's  Clist, 
his  Executor  and  Residuary  Legatee. 

To  the  poor  of  Clyst  St.  George,  io/-.  To  the  poor  of 
Clyst  St.  Mary,  6/8.  To  the  poor  of  Sowton,  5/-.  To  the 
maintenance  and  reparation  of  Apshamt  Cawsey,  io/-.  To 
Charles  Rug^e,  Richard  Peat,  and  John  Pears  the  Younger, 
^3  6s.  8d.  apiece,  and  to  the  said  John's  children,  2O/-  apiece. 
To  his  godchildren,  I2/-  apiece.  To  William  Rugge,  £6  135.  4d. 
To  Thomas  Rugge,  if  he  should  remain  at  Oxford  a  year 
after  the  testator's  death,  £10 ;  otherwise  £3  6s.  8d.  of  it  to 
the  poor.  To  Joane,  daughter  of  Charles  Rugge,  £10,  and 
six  spoons  parcel  git.  To  Margaret  and  Mary,  daughters  of 
the  said  Charles,  £>6  133.  4d.  each.  To  Jane  Rugge,  £10, 
and  a  silver  salt.  He  mentions  also  his  servants  Agnes  and 
Jone  Besse. 

Will  dated  May  6th,  and  proved  June  8th,   1571. 

Overseers — William  Rugge  and   John   Pears. 

Witnesses — George  Coade,  John  Pears,  and  Wm.  Eton. 


1582.  The  last  Will  of  Edward  Langley  of  Chudleigh. 
Dated  /th  Jany.,  1582. 

He  leaves  his  mansion  house  and  lands  to  his  son  George 
Langley  "  the  younger  " ;  son  William  to  have  the  "  workinge 
shoppe." 

He   mentions   his   son   George   Langley  "the  elder." 

In  a  Codicil  dated  nth  Jany.,  1582,  he  mentions  daughters 
Margaret  and  Margerie. 

Proved   i6th  Jany.,   1582. 

Sum  £55   i6s.  i  id. 


*  William  Gybbe,  instituted  to  the  Rectory  of  Clyst  St.  Mary,  1543.  Still  there 
in  1549.  Buried  as  Kecter  of  Clyst  St.  George,  May  3Oth.  1571.  Called  Gybbes 
in  the  Index  of  Wills. 

t  Topsham  Causeway. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  105 


1594.  James  Peter  of  Marldon,  Yeoman,  lyth  Sept.,  35th 
Elizabeth. 

To  sons  Harry  and  William  Peter,  £10  each.  To  daughter 
Emlyn  -Peter,  £20  at  24  or  marriage.  To  Oder  and  Gilbert, 
sons  of  Gilbert  Peter  "  my  son,"  "  one  yoowe  each."  To 
Richard,  Alexander,  and  Andrew,  sons  of  John  Dodd,  "  my 
son-in-law,"  "one  yeowe  lambeeach";  the  same  to  son-in-law 
John  Comyn's  daughter  Margerie.  He  leaves  certain  house- 
hold furniture  and  the  moiety  of  his  iron,  ropes,  and  yokes, 
and  plough  stuff  between  his  children  and  his  wife  Anne.  To 
son  John  Peter,  3<D/-. 

Residue  to  wife  Anne,  who  is  Sole   Executrix. 

Overseers  —  "  Loving  cousin  "  John  Peter,  and  friends  Wm. 
Pascowe  and  John  Grendon. 

Proved    I3th   April,    1594. 

Sum  £147   155.   8d. 

NOTE.  —  Gilbert  was  evidently  called  after  Gilbert  of  Compton 
Castle,  in  this  Parish.  "  Od^-r  "  (modern,  Otho)  was  a  well-known 
Gilbert  Christian  name. 


1595.  Henry  Tucker  of  King's-Nympton,  Husbandman. 
3rd  June,  37th  Elizabeth.  To  be  buried  in  the  Parish 
Church.  To  the  poor  there,  /I2d.  To  sons  Robert,  William, 
and  George,  £10  each  at  21.  To  son  Roger,  "in  remem- 
brance of  fatherly  good  will  towards  him,"  io/-,  "to  be 
delivered  to  him  immediately  upon  his  coming  to  his  mother 
to  do  his  duty."  To  daughters  Margaret  and  Johane, 
£13  6s.  8d.  each  on  their  marriage  day.  To  daughter  Wilmot, 
£6  133.  4d.  on  her  marriage  day.  To  Agnes,  daughter  of 
daughter  Thomasine  Kingdon,  i  lamb.  To  godson  John 
Cole,  /4d.  Residue  to  wife  Wilmot,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Two  Trustees — John  Cole  of  King's-Nympton  and  brother 
George  Tucker. 

Witnesses — "  Edmonde  Squer,  Pastor  of  King's-Nympton 
and  Scipio  Squier  his  sonne  the  writers  thereof." 

Proved  3Oth  Aug.,   1595. 

Sum  £>7\   155.  8d. 

NOTE. — "Scipio  Squier."  Little  Fulford,  situated  partly  in  the  Parish 
of  Shobrooke,  and  partly  in  that  of  Crediton,  was  granted,  before  the 


106  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

reign  of  Edward  II.,  by  Michael  L'  Ercedekne  (Archdeacon)  to 
Roger  Le  Squier.  There  are  seven  generations  of  the  Squiers  of 
Heanton  Punchardon  recorded  in  the  Heralds'  Visitation  of  Devon, 
1564.  Agnes,  daughter  and  heir  of  William  Squier,  and  granddaughter 
of  Thomas  Squier,  or  Squire,  the  first  mentioned  in  the  pedigree, 
married  William  Marwood,  and  her  daughter  and  heir  Joane  was  the 
mother  of  Sir  Lewis  Pollard,  Kt.,  and  grandmother  of  Hugh  Pollard. 
The  male  line  of  the  Squier  family  had  been  continued  by  Thomas, 
second  son  of  Thomas  Squier  of  Heanton  aforesaid.  Edmond  Squier, 
Rector  of  King's-Nympton,  was  presumably  of  this  family,  since  the 
patronage  of  his  Rectory  lay  with  the  Pollards.  His  son,  Scipio  Squier, 
was  a  great  local  antiquary,  and  left  some  valuable  heraldic  manu- 
scripts relative  to  the  arms  in  Devonshire  churches,  which  were 
amongst  the  collections  of  Dr.  Jeremiah  Milles,  Dean  of  Exeter  and 
President  of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries,  1765.  He  appears  to  have 
paid  a  visit  to  Exeter  in  1607.  when  he  recorded  several  notes  of 
arms  in  the  Guildhall,  at  Polsloe  Priory,  and  other  places  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  the  city.  He  must  have  lived  to  a  great  age,  as 
Elias  Ashmole,  Windsor  Herald,  made  his  acquaintance,  as  shown  by 
his  diary,  May  24th,  1659,  sixty-four  years  after  he  wrote  and  witnessed 
the  above  Will.  His  lather,  the  Rev.  E.  Squier,  died  in  1620,  and 
was  succeeded  at  King's-Nympton  by  William  Blake,  i2th  August  that 
year.  Patron,  hac  vice,  Nicholas  Blake  of  Plymouth,  Merchant,  by  grant 
of  Lewis  Pollard,  Esq.,  of  King's-Nympton,  the  true  Patron.  The  last 
of  the  family,  Hugh  Squier,  built  and  endowed  a  school  at  South 
Molton.  His  Will  is  dated  1709. 

John  Veysy,  alias  Harman,  consecrated  Bishop  of  Exeter,  1519,  died 
1554,  was  the  son  of  Joan,  daughter  of  Henry  Squier  of  Hands- 
worth,  Co.  Stafford. 


1596.  Thomas  Tucker  of  Morchaid  Bishop.  3Oth  June, 
1595.  He  desires  to  be  buried  at  Morchard.  To  eldest 
daughter  Joane  Tucker,  2O/-  and  one  yeo  sheep.  To  eldest 
son  John  Tucker,  2O/-  and  "one  crossbowe  and  the  buideres." 
To  son  Robert  Tucker,  2O/-.  To  son  Henry  Tucker,  2O/- 
and  "  on  paire  of  lombes."  To  daughter  Maria,  2O/-,  and  the 
"  best  brassen  crocke  after  the  decease  of  wife  Agnes."  Item 
to  daughter  Johane  Tucker,  jun.,  2O/-  and  a  yeo  lamb.  To 
son  Simon  Tucker,  2O/-  and  a  yeo  sheep.  To  daughter 
Thomasine,  2O/-  and  a  yeo  lamb.  To  son  Edward,  2O/-  and 
the  second  best  pan.  To  daughter  Agnes,  wife  of  Richard 
Saunder,  one  yeo  sheep.  To  godson  Thomas  Pollarde,  I  yeo 
lamb.  All  the  legacies  to  be  paid  to  the  beneficiares  at  21. 

Residue  to  wife  Agnes,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Two  Trustees:  Laurence  Southwoode  and  William  Venicombe. 

Proved  22nd  April,  1596. 

Sum  £308   1 7s.  4d. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  107 

1597.  Robert  Toker  (no  date)  desires  to  be  buried  "in  the 
parish  Churchyard  of  St.  Stephen's"  (by  Saltash,  Co.  Corn- 
wall?). To  the  poor  there,  io/-.  To  son  Walter,  £6  135.  4d. 
at  ten  years  old.  To  son  Robert,  £6  135.  4d.  at  same  age, 
and  to  daughter  Siblie  at  same  age,  £,6  135.  4d.  To  god- 
child John  Toker,  /6d.  To  Mablie,  daughter  of  Henry  Tooker, 
one  heiffer.  Residue  to  wife  Siblie,  who  is  Sole  Executrix, 
on  condition  that  she  maintains  his  mother  Margaret  Toker, 
or  allows  her  £6  a  year.  To  sister's  daughter,  Alice  Garnfit, 
one  yeo  lamb.  To  Walter  Vigurs  and  Christopher  Horwell, 
who  are  trustees,  3/4  each. 

Witnesses — Henry  Tucker,  Walter  Vigurs,  and  Christopher 
Horwell,  "  Rober "  Bicklie,  Thomas  Lowes. 

Proved    I5th   Dec.,   1597. 

Sum  £36  95.    id. 


1603.  The  last  Will  of  John  "Tucker,"  Clerk,  Rector  of 
Cardingham  in  the  Co.  of  Cornwall,  ojfrn  Hellande.  i$th  Nov., 
1602.  Desires  to  be  buried  in  the  Chancel  of  Cardingham 
Church.  100  marks  to  daughters  Mary,  Anne,  and  Tilvey, 
to  be  paid  when  they  attain  the  age  of  18.  The  same  to 
daughters  Temperance  and  Penelope.  To  son  Zacharie  Tucker, 
best  silver  salte  and  tunne  and  best  silver  goblet,  to  remain 
in  custody  of  Exors.  until  he  is  a  housekeeper.  He  leaves 
property  at  "Trenie,  Penquite,  Cathan,  St.  Neot,  and  Bodmin, 
to  Nichs.  and  Wm.  Clieve,  Gentlm.,  in  trust  for  Anne,  his 
wife,  with  remainder  to  son  Zacharie." 

Residue  to  wife   Anne,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Three  Overseers,  viz.,  Wm.  Parker,  Official  of  Cornwall, 
Wm.  Clieve,  jun.,  and  Nichs.  Clieve,  gntlm. 

Witnesses — John  Sprey,  Samuel  Tucker,  John  Tucker, 
Humfrie  Tamlyn. 

"  Item,  I   do  give  my  son   Zacharie  all   my  books." 

Proved  3 1st  Jany.,   1603. 


io8  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1603.     The  Inventory  of  Ellyas  Fetter,  alias  Berringe,    late 
deceased  in  the   Sherowes  ward,  made  8th  Aug.,   1603. 
Will  and  Admon.  missing. 
Sum  £13  33.  4d. 
Endorsed,  "  Of  Torrebrian." 

NOTE. — The  Peters  of  Torbryan  were  a  well-known  Devonshire 
family.  The  name  of  this  Elias  Peter,  who  evidently  died  a  prisoner 
for  debt,  does  not  occur  in  the  Pedigrees,  but  he  was  probably  a  son  of 
John  Petre  of  Tor-Brian  and  his  wife  Joan  Ridgeway. 

William,  second  son  of  this  John  Petre,  was  the  ancestor  of  the  Petres 
of  Ingarstone,  Co.  Essex,  and  of  the  Lords  Petre. 


1611.  Thomas  Peter  of  the  parish  of  Paynton.  5th  May, 
43rd  Elizabeth. 

To  the  poor  of  the  parish,  /I2d.  To  son's  daughter  Ammye 
Peter,  2O/-  at  26,  and  2  yeo  sheep.  To  Wilmott,  her  sister. 
£4  at  26,  and  2  yeo  sheep. 

Residue  to  son  James  Peter,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Overseers — James  Churchward  and  Nicholas  Lowman  with 
/I2d.  each. 

Proved   I3th  May,   1611. 

Sum  £30.  I2s.  8d. 


1618.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Peter,  Parson  of  the  Church 
of  St.  Mawgan-in-Pyder,  Co.  Cornwall,  Clark.  22nd  Oct., 
1617.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in  Mawgan  Chancel.  Debts 
to  be  paid  and  the  residue  to  be  distributed  "  amongst  my 
children."  Wife,  Elizabeth  Peter,  to  have  the  advowson  of 
Mawgan.  She  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Overseers — James  Killstone,  Francis  Hearl,  Clarke,  Leo 
Loveys,  Wm.  Poynter,  Leonard  Browne,  Wm.  Powell,  and 
Thomas  Howe. 

Proved  6th  Nov.,  1618. 


28th  December,  1643.  Inventory  of  the  goods  of  William 
Bartlett  of  Marldon,  taken  by  Thomas  Bartlett  and  William 
Bartlett. 

Sum  is  eight  scoore,  £7   us.  8d. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  109 

5th  November,  1644.  Admon.  granted  in  the  Consistorial 
Court  of  Exeter  to  Anne  Bartlett  his  widow,  who  in  the 
Bond  is  described  as  of  Marldon  in  County  of  Devon,  widow, 
and  the  sureties  are  William  Bartlett,  of  the  same  parish, 
Yeoman,  and  David  Davis,  Clerk,  Vicar  of  Paignton,  but 
there  are  only  two  signatures. 

Sign.,  A.  Anne  Bartlett  ;    David   Davies. 

NOTE. — The  Bond  is  not  signed   by   William   Bartlett. 


1647,  loth  Feby.  Edward  Tooker  of  Langbrocke,  in  parish 
of  Milton  Abbot,  Carpenter.  To  poor  of  parish,  4O/-.  To 
Nicholas  Tooker,  Clerk,  £10.  To  Phillippe,  dau.  of  kinsman 
John  Tooker,  £5  ;  to  rest  of  his  children,  ros.  each. 

To  Edmund,  son  of  kinsman  Roger  Tooker,  £5,  and  to  his 
children,  6/8  each. 

To"  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  said  John  Tooker,  "  my  best  crocke." 

Other  bequests  to  godson  Danl.  Sargent ;  to  kinswoman 
Joy,  dau.  of  Thomasine  Adams,  widow ;  and  to  rest  of  her 
six  children.  To  brother  Saml.  Tooker,  godsons  Roger, 
Richard,  and  Edmund  Sargent 

Residue  to  kinsman  John  Tooker  of  Langbroke,  and  to  Joan 
Crabb,  servant ;  they  are  Sole  Exors. 

Witnesses — Zachaeus  Jordan,   Hy.  Tremure.      No  Proof. 

NOTE. — From  an  old  Book  of  Exhibits  in  Archives  of  Consistory 
Court,  Exeter.  No  Proof. 

See  Principal   Registry,    Dec.,    1648. 


2nd  May  (22  Chas.),  1646.  Thomas  Bartlet  of  Compton,  in 
the  County  of  Devon,  Yeoman,  by  Will  gives  to  Joane 
Bartlet  his  wife,  his  household  goods  for  life,  and  after  to 
his  four  sons.  To  Thomas  Bartlet,  his  grandchild,  his  greatest 
bras  pan  when  he  shall  enjoy  the  tenement  wherein  the 
testator  then  dwelt. 

Residue  of  goods  to  three  youngest  sons.  Recites  that 
Walter,  Jane  als  Bartlet,  by  Deed  dated  2Oth  September, 
8th  Charles,  did  sell  to  William  Evens  and  Jasper  Pounce 


i  io  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

of  Marldon,  moiety  of  tenement  in  Compton,  upon  trust  for 
testator  in  fee,  who  gives  it  to  Samuel  Bartlet  and  Odes 
Bartlet  his  sons.  Proviso,  that  Thomas  Bartlet  his  grand- 
child do  pay  them  £2$  apiece  within  two  years  after  the 
death  of  testator  and  wife,  the  said  Thomas  is  to  have  said 
moiety  in  fee,  but  if  he  should  die  without  heirs  of  his  body 
the  moiety  is  to  go  to  testator's  son  Samuel  in  fee. 

Wife  Joan,  Executrix. 

Signed — William  Bartlet;  William  Evens. 

Teste. — Gualtero  Bartlet. 

Inventory  taken  8th  May,  1646,  by  William  Evens,  Walter 
Bartlet,  and  Henry  Bartlet  of  Marldon,  £73  :8s.  lod. 

Proved  3Oth  May,  1650,  by  the  Executrix,  in  the  Consistorial 
Court  of  the  Bishop  of  Exeter. 


1658,  Dec.  29.  Johan  Bartlett  of  Marldon,  Devon,  by  her 
Will  of  this  date,  gives  small  legacies  to  her  sons  Henry,  Samuel, 
and  Thomas,  and  to  her  son  Samuel's  children,  viz.,  William 
and  Susan,  and  appoints  her  son  Otho  Bartlett  Executor,  who 
proved  the  said  Will  the  3Oth  April,  1661. 


1661,  Jany.  3rd.  Otho  Bartlett  of  Marldon,  by  his  Will  of 
this  date,  gives  legacies  to  William  Bartlett  and  Susan  Bartlett, 
son  and  daughter  of  his  brother  Saml.  Bartlett.  To  Thomas 
Bartlett  his  kinsman,  to  John  Bartlett  his  kinsman,  and  to 
his  four  god-children  (not  named),  and  Edward  Ford  and  the 
poor  of  Marldon  ;  and  appoints  his  brother  Henry  Bartlett 
and  Thomas  Bartlett  Executors  ;  to  whom  Probate  was  granted 
1 2th  April,  1667. 


1666.  "Admon.  de  bonis  non,"  of  effects  unadministered  by 
Richard  Bonithon,  father  of  John  Bonithon,  Executor  of  the  Will 
of  Gilbert  Holcombe,  late  of  Mylor,  Co.  Cornwall,  deceased. 
Granted  to  Sir  Peter  Courtenay  of  Ladock,  Co.  Cornwall, 
26th  Nov.,  1666. 


DE  VONSH1RE     WILLS. 


Seal    of  Arms — Quarterly     1st    and   4th,    Or,    3    Torteaux ; 
2nd  and  3rd,  Or,  a  Lion  Ramp.,  Azure  (Courtenay). 

NOTE. — Gilbert    Holcombe,    married    Ann,  sister  of    Peter,  fourth 
son  of  Peter  Countenay  of  Ladock.     Dead  before  1642. 


"  1666.  In  the  Name  of  God,  Amen.  I  Walter  Bartlett  of 
Compton  in  the  parish  of  Marldon  do  make  and  ordaine  this 
my  last  Will  and  Testament  in  manner  and  forme  following 
Imprimis  I  bequeath  my  soul  to  God  my  Maker  and  Redeemer 
by  whome  I  hope  to  have  comfort  in  the  later  day,  and  my 
body  I  ordaine  to  bee  buried  in  the  Church  of  Marldon. 
Item.  I  give  to  William  Bartlett  my  sonne  all  my  land  to 
him  and  his  heirs  forever.  Item.  I  give  to  Alice  Bartlett, 
Westerland  living  with  all  the  right  that  I  have  in  it.  Item. 
I  doe  ordaine  and  bequeath  to  Katherine  Bartlett  my  daughter 
too  hundred  pounds  to  be  paide  unto  her  by  Allice  her 
sister  in  six  years  after  that  shee  shall  enjoy  it.  Item.  I 
doe  ordaine  William  Bartlett  my  sonne  to  bee  my  hole  and 
sole  Executor.  Item.  If  William  Bartlett  die  and  have  noe 
heirs  then  it  shall  goe  to  Allice  Bartlett,  and  if  Allice  have 
no  heirs  then  it  shall  goe  to  Katherine  Bartlett  and  if  shee 
die  without  heires  then  to  the  heires  of  Thomas  Bartlett  of 
Stocke  Gaberiell.  And  I  doe  institute  and  ordaine  Master 
John  Prouse  of  Brent  to  bee  one  of  my  rulers  of  this  my 
last  Will  and  Testament.  Item.  I  ordaine  Mr.  Elias  Phillippe, 
James  Peter,  William  Bartlett,  William  Brendon  to  be  the 
others  of  my  rullers  of  this  my  last  Will  and  Testament. 
And  I  give  unto  them  Twenty  shillings  for  their  paines,  and 
if  my  goods  will  not  hold  out  to  pay  my  debts  I  doe  ordaine 
that  Gildon's  Feeld  and  Burlanch  shall  bee  sold.  In  witnesse 
heere  of  I  have  heere  unto  put  my  hand  even  the  9th  day 
of  January  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  God  1666." 

Witnesse — Waller  Bartlett ;   James  1C  Cholwill. 

Proved  on  the  26th  day  of  January,  1666,  by  the  Oath  of 
Juliana  Bartlett,  widow,  during  the  minority  of  William 
Bartlett  the  son  and  Sole  Executor. 


112  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

9th  January,  1666.  Walter  Bartlett  of  Marldon,  by  his 
Will  of  this  date,  gives  to  his  son  William  Bartlett  all  his 
lands,  to  him  and  his  heirs  for  ever,  and  if  he  die  and  have 
no  heirs  upon  the  trusts  thereinafter  mentioned.  To  Alice 
Bartlett,  Westerland  living.  To  Katherine  Bartlett,  £200 ; 
and  appoints  his  son  William  Executor. 

Admon.  with  Will  annexed  granted  on  the  26th  Febiuary 
1666,  to  Juliane  Bartlett,"  widow,  during  the  minority  of 
Executor. 


1671.      The    Account    of    Julyan     Bartlett    the    Relict   and 
Administrix  of  the   goods   and     chattels    of    Walter     Bartlett, 
late  of   Marldon,  Devon.     Exhibited    27th  April,   1671. 

£     s.     d. 
The  charge  ...  ...  ...  418   19     8 

The  discharge        ...  ...  ...  437     o     o 


£iB     o     4 


1674.  William  Bartlett,  by  his  Will,  without  date,  makes 
bequests  of  small  nature  to  his  wife  (not  named),  and  to  his 
grand-children  Allis  Katherine  Bartlett  and  William  Bartlett ; 
and  appoints  the  said  William  Bartlett  Executor ;  to  whom 
Probate  was  granted  on  the  24th  Sept.,  1674. 

Inventory  £24   55. 


1 68 1.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Margaret  Wreyford 
of  Morchard  Bishop.  Granted  1st  March,  1681,  to  Elizabeth 
her  daughter.  Matthew  Wreyford  joins  the  bond. 

Sum  £6  8s. 


1688.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Elizabeth  Wreyford 
of  Morchard  Bishop.  Granted  to  Matthew  Wreyford  her 
brother,  3rd  Oct.,  1688.  William  Wreyford  of  the  same  parish 
joins  in  bond. 

NOTE. — Matthew  Wreyford  was  a  Wool-comber  ("  lanionem "). 
William  a  weaver  ("  textorem  "j ;  thus  described  in  the  Admon.  Bond. 


DE  VONSHIRE     IV I L  LS.  113 

1692-3,  March  22nd.  Henry  Bartlett  by  his  Will  of  this 
date  gives  to  his  brother  Thomas  Bartlett  his  half  plase  in 
the  Common  Field  at  Compton,  for  the  term  of  years  he 
had  therein,  on  condition  of  his  paying  .£15  to  Testator's 
Executor  and  he  also  makes  small  bequests  to  his  kinsman 
Thomas  Bartlett,  jun.,  and  to  the  children  of  Henry  Tozer 
and  to  his  kinswoman  Elizabeth  Bartlett,  whom  he  appoints 
Executrix. 

Admon.,  with  the  Will  annexed,  granted  on  the  2oth  day  of 
June,  1693,  to  Thomas  Bartlett  of  Stokegabriel,  Devon, 
Elizabeth  Bartlett,  the  Executrix  named  in  the  Will,  having 
renounced  the  execution  thereof. 

Inventory  .£55   55. 


1698,  January  nth.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Susanna 
Bartlett,  late  of  Marldon,  was  granted  to  her  husband  William 
Bartlett. 

No  Inventory. 


1705,  August  i/th.  William  Bartlett  of  Compton  within 
the  parish  of  Marldon,  Yeoman,  by  his  Will  of  this  date 
gives  to  Edvvd.  Goodridge  of  Berry  Pomeroy,  yeoman,  James 
Peter  of  Marldon,  gentleman,  and  Thomas  Bartlett,  sen.,  of 
Marldon,  yeoman,  all  his  lands,  tenements,  houses,  orchards, 
meadows  and  fields  and  his  Comon  of  pasture  with  the  appurts. 
belonging  thereto  and  all  his  goods  and  chattels  whatsoever 
Upon  Trust  to  sell  same  real  and  personal  Estate  and  after 
paying  his  debts,  etc.,  to  pay  the  balance  equally  between 
his  two  daughters  Susanna  and  Mary  when  they  attain 
20  years  of  age,  and  if  one  died  to  the  survivor  wholly  ;  and 
he  appointed  the  said  Trustees  to  be  Executors  of  his  Will, 
who  proved  the  same  on  23rd  October,  1705. 

Inventory  £200  8s. 


ii4  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1712.  Administration  to  the  Effects  of  Katherine  Gould 
of  Staverton,  Granted  9th  Nov.,  1712,  to  Jonathan  Laskey, 
her  grandson. 

NOTE. — Rebekkah,  widow  of  the  Rev.  Alexander  Laskey,  curate  of 
Ashburton,  died  there,  3rd  Nov.,  1777,  and  was  buried  in  the  church. 

License  of  marriage  between  Alexander  Laskey  of  Ilsington,  clerk, 
and  Rebekkah  Laskey  of  Yealmpton,  spinster.  Jan.  23rd,  1740. 
Mar.  Lie.,  Prin.  Regy.,  Exon. 


1713,  Nov.  12.  Thomas  Bartlett  of  Marldon,  Yeoman,  by 
his  Will  of  this  date  gives  his  two  fields  called  Coombe  Park 
and  Wood  Park  in  Kingscarsewell,  and  the  house  and  orchard 
in  Marldon  unto  his  kinsman  Thomas  Bartlett  and  to  his 
heirs  and  assigns  for  ever ;  and  he  gives  the  closes  of  land 
called  Olda  Court,  Bottom  Hood,  Hostawill  Park,  the  three 
Compton  Parkes,  and  the  Broom  Parkes,  unto  his  said  kinsman 
Thomas  Bartlett,  until  Thomas  Bartlett,  jun.,  son  of  Thomas 
Bartlett,  Testator's  kinsman,  should  attain  20  years  of  age, 
and  on  the  said  Thomas  Bartlett  the  younger  attaining  20  years 
of  age  to  him  for  all  Testator's  term  and  interest  therein.  All 
other  the  Testator's  messuages,  lands,  and  tenements  he  gave 
to  his  said  kinsman  Thomas  Bartlett  the  elder  and  his  assigns 
To  hold  the  same  until  his  son  the  said  Thomas  Bartlett 
attained  20  years  of  age,  and  on  his  attaining  that  age  to 
the  said  Thomas  Bartlett  the  son  and  the  heirs  of  his  body 
lawfully  begotten  on  the  body  of  Elizabeth  his  then  wife,  and 
in  default  of  such  issue  to  the  said  Thos.  Bartlett  the  elder 
his  heirs  and  assigns  for  ever.  Unto  Rebecca  Bartlett,  daughter 
of  the  said  Thos.  Bartlett  the  elder,  he  gives  £250  to  be 
paid  her  when  21,  and  the  same  is  charged  on  his  lands,  and 
testator  also  gives  small  legacies  to  his  cousin  John  Hurrell, 
Thomas  Bartlett,  to  Richard  Phillipp's  children,  to  Agnes 
Collins  and  her  daughter  (not  named). 

Residue  to  kinsman  the  said  Thomas  Bartlett  the  elder,  who 
is  appointed  executor,  and  who  proved  the  said  Will  on  the 
24th  October,  1714. 

Inventory  £819  6s. 


DE  I  'ONSHIKE     W1IJ.S.  \  \  5 

1735,  Oct.  ii.  Thomas  Bartlett  late  of  Marldon,  Yeoman, 
by  his  Will  of  this  date,  gives  small  legacies  to  his  nephews 
Jacob  Bartlett  and  Thomas  Bartlett,  and  to  Thomas,  William, 
Mary  Elizabeth,  and  Jacob  Bartlett,  sons  and  daughters  of 
his  said  nephew  Thomas  Bartlett,  and  to  the  poor  of  Marldon, 
and  then  gives  to  his  wife  Elizabeth  Bartlett,  her  heirs  and 
assigns  for  ever,  all  that  tenement  called  the  Lower  Tenement 
and  three  closes  of  land  called  the  Etherhays  and  Churchward 
Hay,  a  field  called  the  Ridgevvays  Bridge  and  two  fields 
called  the  Winkhorns,  and  a  tenement  called  Martins,  and  all 
other  his  messuages,  lands,  tenements,  and  hereditaments,  and 
appoints  his  said  wife  Executrix  and  Residuary  Legatee ;  to 
whom  probate  was  granted  on  the  22nd  October,  1736. 

Inventory  £276    193.  2d. 


1736,  May  1 8th.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Joan  Bartlett, 
wife  of  Jacob  Bartlett  late  of  Marldon,  deceased,  was  granted 
to  her  husband  the  said  Jacob  Bartlett  on  the  date  aforesaid. 

No  inventory  exhibited.      Bond  given    for  £200. 


1742,  June  3<Dth.  Jacob  Bartlett  of  Marldon,  Yeoman,  by 
his  Will  of  this  date  gives  to  his  wife  the  use  of  all  his 
household  goods  as  was  hers  before  marriage,  and  on  her 
death  or  re-marriage  to  daughter  Joan  Bartlett.  He  also  gave 
to  said  daughter  £200,  and  charged  same  on  his  real  and 
personal  estate,  and  also  the  yearly  sum  of  £$  till  she 
attained  21.  He  gives  to  his  son  Jacob  Bartlett  £100,  and 
to  his  godson  Jacob  Collier,  to  his  wife  (Joane),  and  to  his 
brothers  William  and  Thomas,  .£5  ;  and  the  residue  to 
his  son  Jacob  Bickford  Bartlett ;  and  he  appoints  his  said 
wife  and  two  brothers,  William  Bartlett  and  Thos.  Bartlett, 
Executors. 

Proved  on  the  22nd  May,  1742,  by  Joan  Bartlett  and  Thos. 
Bartlett,  two  of  the  Executors,  power  being  reserved  to  Wm. 
Bartlett  the  other  Executor. 

No  Inventory  exhibited. 


1 1 6  DE  VONSH1RE     WIL  LS. 

1742,  Nov.  8th.  Elizabeth  Bartlett  late  of  Marldon,  by 
her  Will  of  this  date,  gives  small  legacies  to  her  son  Henry 
Holditch  and  niece  Elizabeth  Ford  ;  and  gives  the  residue 
of  her  estate  and  effects  to  her  two  sisters  Joan  Withiell  and 
Judith  Ford,  and  appoints  them  Executrixes. 

Proved  on  the  fourteenth  day  of  January,  1742,  by  Judith 
Ford,  one  of  the  Executrixes  ;  Joan  Withiell,  the  other 
Executrix,  having  renounced. 

No   Inventory. 


1748.  Thomas  Bartlett  of  Marldon,  Clothier.  ioth  Nov., 
1748.  To  wife  Christian,  house  at  Marldon,  late  Mrs.  Adams'. 
Revert  to  son  Nicholas,  charged  with  £50  to  daughter 
Christian.  To  said  wife  ^300  in  trust  for  said  daughter,  and 
for  other  children,  Christopher,  John,  and  Susanna  Bartlett. 
To  son  Thomas,  messuage  in  which  I  reside,  called  "Way- 
mouthe  Tenement."  Residue  to  brother  William  Bartlett  of 
St.  Mary  Church,  Gent"1.,  in  trust  for  children  Thomas,  William, 
Jacob,  Mary,  and  Elizabeth  Bartlett,  at  21.  Said  brother 
William  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses :  Mary  Hander,  George   Lyde,  Robert  Furneaux. 

Proved   3Oth  Dec.,    1748. 

NOTE. — The  house  at  Marldon  known  as  "  Madger  Place  "  is  the 
house  of  "  late  Mrs.  Adams  "  referred  to.  "  Wife  Christian  "  was 
daughter  of  Nicholas  Adams  by  his  wife  Agnes  Drewe.  Madger  Place 
was  conveyed  by  Sir  Edwd.  Carey  to  Christopher  Adams  in  1650. 


1777,  4th  April.  Letters  of  Administration  of  the  personal 
estate  of  Thomas  Bartlett  late  of  Marldon,  deceased,  left 
unadministered  by  Elizabeth  Bartlett  his  widow,  the  Sole 
Executrix  of  his  Will,  who  died  intestate,  were  granted  to 
John  Leach  Brown  of  Stokeinteignhead,  Gentleman,  so  far 
as  related  to  certain  estates  vested  in  the  said  Thomas  Bartlett 
as  surviving  Trustee  under  certain  Indentures  of  Lease  and 
release  of  8th  and  Qth  September,  1718. 

The  property  is  described  as  All  those  messuages  and  lands 
called  Moretor  and  Lovetor  in  Marldon,  containing  46  acres  ; 
a  messuage  and  tenement  in  North  Willborough,  containing 
2O  acres;  and  several  fields  or  parcels  of  land  therein  mentioned. 


DE  VONSHIRE     \  VII.  /..V.  1 1 7 

1785.  Administration  to  the  Effects  of  Samuel  Wreford 
late  of  Crediton,  intestate.  Granted  i8th  M^rch,  1785,  to  his 
brothers  John  Wreford  of  Clannaborough,  and  Silvanus  Wreford 
of  Bow  ;  Elizabeth  Wreford,  mother  and  next  of  kin  to 
deceased,  having  renounced. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  2nd  August,  1595,  Principal  Registry.  The  re- 
currence of  the  Christian  name  "Silvanus,"  and  the  mention  of  property 
in  West  Sandford,  close  to  Bow,  and  Morchard  Bishop,  clearly  points 
to  the  origin  of  the  North  Devon  Wrefords. 


1 1 8  DE  VONSHIRE     I V1LLS. 


PRINCIPAL    REGISTRY. 


"In  the  name  of  God  Amen,  the  I2th  April,  1537.  I 
Roger  Wreyyfford  stedfast  and  perfyct  of  mynd  and  rembrans 
make  these  my  last  Will  and  testament  after  this  manner  and 
forme,  fferst  I  bequeth  my  sowle  unto  Almighty  God  and  to 
all  the  Celestyall  Companye  yn  Heven  and  my  bodye  to 
holy  buryall  to  be  beryd  yn  the  Churchyerth  of  Saynt  Swithine 
Sampford.  ffyrst  I  geve  and  bequeth  unto  our  -ladye 
brethered  of  Credyton  xijdf.,  also  to  Seynt  Swithine  of 
Sampford  a  yawe,  allso  I  geve  and  bequeth  unto  John 
Podycomb  xija7.,  allso  I  geve  and  bequeth  unto  John  Owsborne 
prysh  clarke  \\\]d.  Allso  I  geve  and  bequeth  unto  John 
Wreyfford  my  son  my  best  half  dossyn  of  sylveryn  spoons 
allso  I  geve  and  bequeth  unto  the  same  John  my  best  brasyn 
pott  allso  I  geve  and  bequeth  unto  the  same  John  a  pessenott 
allso  I  geve  and  bequeth  unto  the  same  John  allff  a  dossyn 
of  vessells  pfformyed  and  a  chaffyn  dysch  of  latyn  and  a 
candelstyc  also  I  geve  and  bequeth  unto  the  same  John  a 
fflock  bed  and  a  per  of  blanekeytts  allso  I  geve  and  bequeth 
unto  Richard  Cowyll  and  to  Nicholas  Dellff  to  Every  of  them 
\\}S.  \\\]d.  allso  I  geve  and  bequeth  unto  Maryytt  my  servant 
njs.  \\\]d.  or  a  petycowytt  clothe  allso  I  will  that  Richard 
Cowyll  and  Nicholas  Dellff  shalbe  my  overseers  and  governors 
to  see  thys  my  last  wyll  and  testament  performyd  according 
to  the  desyr  of  my  mynd  the  goods  not  geve  nor  bequeth 
I  geve  and  bequeth  unto  Maryerye  my  wyff  whom  I  have 
ordaynd  and  made  my  Executor  trustyn  she  will  dyspose  for 
the  welth  of  my  sowll  as  she  may  se  hyt  most  best  or 
convenynte  :  herto  be  wyttnes  John  Podycomb  (clerke), 
Nicholas  Dellff,  Nycolas  Wrefford,  John  Owsborne,  and 
William  Ffrost." 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  119 

1595.  Thomas  Wrayford  of  Mod  bury,  I5th  June,  1594. 
To  daughter  Katharine  Pearse,  3  silver  spoons.  To  Mary 
fface  her  daughter,  and  to  each  of  Thomas  Pearce's  children, 
6s.  8d. 

To  daughter  Mary  Sweete,  3  silver  spoons,  and  to  each  of 
Henry  Surete's  four  children,  6s.  8d.  To  Johane  Face,  an 
annuity  of  2O/-  out  of  land  called  "  Heale,"  in  West  Sinford, 
after  death  of  wife  Johane.  "  To  Silvanus,  my  son's  child," 
I  gilt  salt 

Residue  to  son  William,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  2nd   August,    1595. 

Sum  £128  45. 


1596.  The  last  Will  of  John  Wourth  of  Crediton,  co.  Devon, 
dated  loth  Jany.,  1595.  He  gives  his  son  John  .£8  in  money, 
"  all  my  best  gownes,  a  goblett  of  sylver  parcel  gilt,  five  silver 
spoons  with  name  engraved  on  them,"  etc. 

He  makes  specific  bequests  of  money  and  furniture  to  his 
sons  William,  George,  and  Nicholas,  and  also  to  his  daughters 
Christian  and  Elizabeth. 

Residue  to  wife  Joane,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Trustees :  John  Trowbridge  and   Lawrence   Davie. 

Proved  4th  June,    1596. 

NOTE. — Testator  was  eldest  son  of  John  Worthe  of  Compton  Pole, 
in  Marldon,  by  Agnes,  daughter  of  John  Bodley  of  Dunscombe, 
Crediton.  His  wife  "  Joane "  was  daughter  of  Robert  Clark  of 
Crediton. 


C.  1600.  From  a  terrier  in  the  Principal  Registry  of  the 
Bishop. 

"A  note  concerning  the   Rectory  of  Cardyngham. 

"  Imprimis  that  ye  Earle  of  Bath  and  John  Arundell  of 
Lanherne,  Esquyer,  are  Patrons  of  the  said  benefice  and  doe 
give  the  same  alternis  vicibus,  and  that  Mrs.  Arundell  is  to 
present  ye  next  turne. 

"  Item  there  is  about  one  hundred  akers  of  land  belonging 
to  ye  glebe  of  ye  said  parsonage  the  said  ground  being 
bounded  on  the  East  and  south  with  ye  patron's  lands  and 


I2o  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

on   the   West   side    with    Mr.    John    Doorleyne's  land,  and    on 
ye  North  side   with  ye  Queene's  High  waye. 

"  Item  there  are  no  implements  belonging  to.  > e  said  par- 
sonage house. 

John  Toker. 

Registrar's  Office. 

C.  1600.  Helland,  co.  Cornwall.  A  note  concerning  ye 
Rectory  of  Helland.  Mr.  Thomas  Hale  of  Fleet  in  Devon 
is  patrone  of  ye  said  benefice,  who  presented  John  Toker, 
Clerk,  now  incumbent  there.  That  their  is  about  xvi  akers 
of  land  belonging  to  the  said  Rectory.  Item  their  is  no 
impliments  belonging  to  the  said  Rectory. 

John   Toker. 

Registrar's  Office. 

NOTE. — See  Rev.  John  Toker's  Will,  Consistorial  Court,  Jan.,  1603. 


1616.  Joan  Wrayford  of  Christow,  I2th  Oct.,  1615. 
Legacies  to  "  Sister  Richorde  "  ;  to  brother  Stephen  Wrayford  ; 
to  Wm.  Cornish  the  younger  ;  to  kinswoman  Elline  Cornish  ; 
and  to  Susan  Cornish.  Residue  to  John  Cornish,  who  is 
Sole  Executor. 

Proved  26th  July,  1616. 

Sum,  £4  153.  6d. 


1627.  Probate  of  the  Will  of  Alexander  Arundell,  Rector 
of  Lapford,  granted  9th  Nov.,  1627,  to  Mary  his  Relict  and 
Executrix. 

Sum,  £1,009   T6s.  3d. 

(Episcopal  Registers.) 

NOTE. — The  Ecclesiastical  Commissioners  state  in  their  report  that 
they  were  unable  to  find  this  Will. 

Mrs.  Arundell  soon  consoled  herself  with  another  husband,  as  she 
married  her  husband's  successor  at  Lapford,  on  the  2ist  of  the 
following  February. 

Rev.  George  Allen,  Instituted  to  Rectory  of  Lapford,  6th  Feby., 
1627-8. 

License  of  Marriage  between  George  Allen,  Clerk,,  Rector  of  Lapford, 
and  Mary  Arundell,  widow  of  the  same,  2ist  Feby.,  1627. 

Probate  of  the  Will  of  George  Allen,  Clerk,  Rector  of  Lapford, 
granted  to  Mary  his  Relict,  Jany.  291)1,  1637.  Sum,  £22$.  (Ibid.} 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  121 

1627.  Probate  of  the  Will  of  Edmund  Peter,  late  of  Ottery 
St.  Mary.  Granted  to  Eniline,  his  Relict  and  Sole  Executrix, 
nth  Aug.,  1627. 

Sum,  £24  1 2s.    lod. 

(Episcopal  Registers.) 


1627.  Administration  of  the  Nuncupative  Will  of  Florence 
Lenfee  alias  Lenfield,  of  Marwood.      Granted  to  John  Tucker 
of   the    same    Parish,  in    trust    for    the    children  of    deceased. 
27th  Sept.,   1627. 

(Ibid.} 

1628.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Elizabeth  Courtenay, 
alias    Gorges,    relict   of    Edward    Courtenay,   and    Admon.    to 
effects     unad ministered    by   the    said     Elizabeth,    of    William 
Bligh,  Esq ,  deceased,  and  also  of  the  said  Edward  Courtenay. 
Granted  to  Sir  Wm.  Courtenay,   Knight,   brother  of  deceased, 
in  the  minority  of  Peter  Courtenay,  Esq.,  Edward  Courtenay, 
and   Hutton  Courtenay,  children  of  said  Elizabeth. 

Granted   i8th  March,  1628. 

(Extracted  from  the   Registers  of  Bishops  of  Exeter.) 

NOTE. — Sir  Wm.  Courtenay  of  Powderham,  born  1553,  died  1630. 
Col.  Vivian,  in  his  edition  of  the  "Visitations  of  Devon,"  only  gives 
him  one  sister — Jane,  wife  of  Sir  Nicholas  Parker  ;  and  I  find  no 
mention  of  Elizabeth  in  any  other  Courtenay  pedigree  in  my  possession. 


1629.  The  Bishop  of  Exeter,  at  London,  from  the  house 
of  the  Earl  of  Norwich,  in  the  parish  of  St.  Giles-in-the-Fields, 
admitted  Robert  Herrick,  Clerk,  Master  of  Arts,  to  the 
Vicarage  of  Dean  Prior,  vacant  by  the  promotion  of  Barnabas 
Potter  to  the  See  of  Carlisle. 

(Episcopal  Registers.) 

NOTE. — This  was  Robert  Herrick,  the  Poet,  author  of  the  "  Hespe- 
rides,"  admitted  to  this  little  Devonshire  Church  upon  the  presentation 
of  King  Charles  I.  He  died  in  1674,  and  was  buried  at  Dean 
Prior. 

"The  Earl  of  Norwich,"  was  Edward  Denny,  knighted  by 
Queen  Elizabeth  :  created  Karl  of  Norwich,  1626;  died  without 
male  issue,  zoth  Dec.,  1630.  The  King  then  gave  the  Earldom  of 
Norwich  to  the  late  Earl's  nephew,  the  celebrated  Lord  Goring, 
in  1644. 


122  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1631.  "Caveat"  against  Administration  to  the  effects  of 
Katherine  "  Carey,"  Widow,  of  Clovelly,  without  notice  given 
to  John  Arundell  of  Trerise,  Esq.,  and  Henry  "  Carye "  of 
Clovelly,  her  son,  co-exors.  of  her  last  Will  and  Testament, 
Jan.  2nd,  1631. 

(Epis.  Regs.  Exon.) 


1633.  Commission  for  Administration  directed  to  John 
Saunders,  Clerk,  Vicar  of  Bodmin,  and  to  Master  Peter  Tucker, 
Rector  of  Cardinham,  in  the  case  of  Susannah,  widow  of 
Peter  Bolt,  late  of  Bodmin,  deceased.  2Qth  July,  1633. 

(Epis.  Regs.,  Exon.) 

NOTE. — To  enable  her  to  Administer  without  incurring  the  trouble 
and  expense  of  a  journey  to  Exeter. 


1633.     A  similar  Commission   to  Gregory    Arundell,  Rector 
of  Sheviocke,  in   the  case  of  Win.  Bond.     i6th  Aug.,   1633. 
(Ibid.} 


1635.  Probate  of  the  Will  of  Thomas  Arundell  of  Stovv- 
ford,  gentleman,  concerning  his  goods  only  within  the  Diocese 
of  Exeter.  Granted  to  Mary,  his  widow.  I2th  Jany.,  1635. 

(Epis.  Reg.,  Exeter.) 


1636.  Probate  of  the  Will  of  Wm.  Sheeres,  Clerk,  deceased, 
late  Rector  of  St.  Stephen's,  and  of  All  Hallows,  Goldsmith 
Street,  Exeter.  Granted  to  Susanna,  his  wife.  I5th  March, 
1636. 

(Epis.  Reg.,  Exon.) 


1637.  Commission  for  Administration  to In  the 

matter  of  Mary,  relict  of  Sir  Edward  Gyles,  Kt.  iQth  Dec., 
1637- 

Administration  to  the  estate  of  Sir  Edward  Gyles,  late  of 
Dean  Prior,  deceased,  granted  to  "  Lady  Marie  Gyles,"  his 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  123 

relict.      2Oth    Jany.,     1637.      Sum,    .£968    $s.    8d.      Inventory 
exhibited,  24th  Jany.     (Ibid.} 
(Epis.   Reg.,   Exon.) 

NOTE. — Lady  Gyles  was  Mary,  daughter  and  heir  of  Edmund 
Drewe  of  Hayne.  She  had  no  issue.  Sir  Edward  Gyles,  Knight, 
was  one  of  Prince's  "  Worthies  "  of  Devon.  For  an  account  of  him, 
see  also  the  Editor's  "  Ashburton  and  its  Neighbourhood,"  p.  134, 
et  seq. ;  also  "  Devonshire  Parishes,"  by  same  author,  Vol.  i.,  p.  306. 


1639  Administration  of  the  estate  of  Silvester  Whiteway  of 
Ashburton,  deceased.  Granted  to  Humphrey  Tooker  of  the 
City  of  Exeter,  Merchant.  2nd  Nov.,  1639. 

(Epis.  Regs.,  Exon.) 


1640.  Probate  of  the  Will  of  Hugh  Clifford,  Esq.,  of 
Bremell,  in  the  parish  of  Ashton.  Granted  to  Marie  his 
relict.  2/th  March,  1640. 

Sum,  £374  8s. 

(Epis.  Regs.,  Exon.) 


1643.  Probate  of  the  Will  of  John  Baker  of  the  City  of 
Exeter,  Merchant,  deceased.  Granted  to  Thomas  Baker, 
Clerk,  and  Anne  Tucker,  his  children  and  Co-Exors.  "Ejus 
filiis  et  co-executoribus."  2gth  Feb.,  1643. 

(Epis.  Regs.,  Exon) 


1643.  The  last  Will  of  Marie  Gib*  of  St.  George's.  She 
leaves  £8  to  her  son  John  Gibb.f  and  I/-  each  to  her  son 
John  Gibbes  his  children.  £1$  to  her  son  Andrew  Gibbe, 
and  IO/-  each  to  his  children.  She  leaves  also  legacies  to 
Marie,  the  daughter  of  George  Gibb ;  William,  the  son  of 
George  Gibb  ;  and  George,  the  son  of  George  Gibb.  She 
gives  6/8  to  the  poor  of  Clyst  St.  George,  and  4/-  to  the 


*  Second   wife  of  George  Gibb,   and    sister   of  Andrew    Ixweringe.      Refer   to 
Archdeaconry  of  Exon.,   Aug.   24th,   1606.      George  Gibb,   her  husband. 
I  Refer   to    Archdeaconry   of   Exon.,  April,    1644. 


124  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

poor  of  Whimple.  The  residue  of  her  goods  she  bequeaths 
to  George  Gibb,*  her  son,  and  Executor  of  her  Will. 

Overseers — Richard  Parker  and  Robert  Gibb,f  the  son  of 
John  GibbJ  of  Clyst  St.  George. 

Will  dated  August    loth,  1640. 

Proved, 

Witnesses  §  — 


1643.'  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Zachary  Hooker, 
alias  "Howell"  (not  Vowell},  Clerk,  Rector  of  Caryhais, 
deceased.  Granted  to  Grace,  his  relict.  28th  Jan.,  1643. 

Sum,  .£194  ios. 

(Epis.    Regs.) 

NOTE. — He  was  the  fourth  son  of  John  Hoker,  alias  Vowell, 
Chamberlain  of  Exeter,  and  author  of  the  celebrated  "  History  of 
the  City,"  still  in  MS.,  by  his  second  wife,  Anastasia,  daughter 
of  Edward  Bridgman  of  Exeter.  "Visit.  Devon,"  1564. 

Rev.  Zachary  Hooker  was  succeeded  at  "Caryhayes"  by  the  Rev. 
John  Archer,  upon  the  presentation  of  Joan  Beauford  of  Columb 
Major,  widow,  by  grant  from  the  true  Patrons — Bernard  Tanner, 
Esq.,  and  John  Coke,  Esq.  isth  May,  1644. 

(Epis.   Regs.,  Exon.) 


1644.  Probate  of  the  Will  of  William-  Lake,  late  of  Ash- 
bury,  deceased.  Granted  to  John  Lake,  his  son.  1 5th  April, 
1644. 

Sum,  £417   i/s.  4d. 

(Epis.  Regs.,  Exon.) 


1645.     Probate  of  the  Will  of  Nicholas   "  Carwithy "  of  the 
City  of  Exeter.      Granted  to  Margaret,  his  wife.      igth   June, 

1645- 
(Epis.  Regs.,  Exon.) 

NOTE. — Nicholas  Carwithen  of  St.   Petrock's,   Exeter.      His  grand- 
son, John  Carwithen,  Town  Clerk  of  Exeter,  purchased  the  advowson 

*  Administration   in   P.C.C.,  Nov.,  1660. 

f  Court  of  Vicars   Choral,   Feb.   27th,   1701-2. 

j  Eldest   son   of  George   Gibb,    husband   of  testatrix,   by   his  first  wife. 

§  Witnesses   and   precise   date   of   Probate   wanting. 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 


12$ 


of  the  Rectory  of  Manaton  for  £100  for  the  term  of  1,000  years, 
from  Francis  Kirkham  in  1720;  and  in  1723  purchased  the  fee 
thereof  for  ^5  55.  His  brother  Thomas  Carwithen  had  been  instituted 
to  this  Rectory  in  1698,  and  it  has  ever  since  remained  with  his 
descendants,  the  present  Rector,  1893,  being  the  Rev.  William 
Henry  Carwithen,  A.M.,  many  years  Vicar  of  Aylesbeare,  and  a 
kinsman,  through  Melhuish,  of  Editor's.  Since  1698,  nine  Carwithens 
have  been  Rectors  of  Manaton,  but  there  have  been  four  inter- 
missions— 1753,  1766,  1848,  1887. 


1644.      Probate  of   the  Will  of  Mark   Law,  Clerk,  Vicar    of 
Ashburton.     Granted  to  Marie,  his  relict.     23rd  Jany.,  1644. 
Sum,  £98  1 8s.  4d. 
(Epis.  Regs.,  Exon.) 

NOTE. —  He  was  the  son  of  the  Venerable  Robert  Law,  Archdeacon 
of  Barnstaple  and  Treasurer  of  Exeter  Cathedral,  and  succeeded  his 
father  in  the  Vicarage  of  Ashburton,  1629.  He  married  Maria 
Tidball,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Samuel  Tidball,  Master  of  Ashburton 
Grammar  School,  by  whom  he  was  himself  succeeded  in  the  Vicarage 
of  Ash  burton,  which  Editor's  father,  the  Rev.  Ch.irles  Worthy,  sub- 
sequently held  from  1861  to  his  death  in  1879. 


1644.     Probate  of  the  Will  of  Robert  Carey  of  Launceston. 
Granted    1 7th   Feby.,   1644,  to  Alice,  his  wife. 
(Epis.  Regs.,  Exon.) 


1645.  Administration  to  the  estate  of  Richard  Hill,  late 
Rector  of  Manaton,  to  James  Hill  his  grandson.  And  of 
William  Hill,  late  Rector  of  Manaton,  to  said  James  his 
son. 

Both  dated '26th,"  Nov.,   1645. 

(Epis.  Regs.,  Exon.) 

NOTE. — Rev.  Richard  Hill  was  instituted  to  Manaton,  March  2ist, 
1579,  and  died  in  1612,  when  he  was  succeeded  by  his  son  William, 
who  died  1645. 

James  Hill,  the  above  Administrator,  was  instituted  to  Manaton, 
27ih  Nov.,  1645.  On  his  death  in  1661,  he  was  followed  by  the 
Rev.  James  Eastchurch,  whose  successor  was  the  Rev.  Thomas 
Carwithen,  igth  May,  1698.  (See  previous  note,  igth  June  this 
year.) 


126  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1646.  Peter  Hole,  of  North-Tawton,  igth  Feby.,  2ist 
Charles.  He  gives  to  wife  Margery  his  whole  estate  in  a 
Tenement  called  Farthinges,  in  the  parish  of  Zeal  Monachorum. 
He  mentions  Robert  Hole  his  brother.  To  daughter  Alice 
Hole,  ,£30.  To  son  John  Hole,  ^"30  at  21.  To  daughter 
Elinor  Hole,  ,£30  at  21.  To  son  Andrew  Hole,  ^30  at  21. 
To  wife  Margery,  an  acre  of  best  rye  growing  at  Higher 
Nichols-Nymtt.  Exor.  to  maintain  his  son  John  until  he  is 
21,  and  to  have  the  "labours"  of  the  said  John  in  exchange. 

Residue  to  son  William,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Rulers — Mark  Cottle,  Esq.,  brother  Robert  Hole,  John  Gould, 
gentm.,  John  Splatt  and  David  Westron. 

Proved,  5th  July,   1646. 

NOTE. — The    Chatell    lease    of    Nichols-Nymet    is   valued    in    the 
Inventory  at  ^390. 
"  Faithinges  "  at  £28. 


1648.  Affidavit  of  John  Tooker  and  Joane  Crabb,  Exors. 
to  the  Will  of  Edmund  Tooker,  Carpenter,  of  Milton  Abbot, 
made  1st  Dec.,  1648. 

No  Will   annexed. 

Sum,  £143   I2s.   5d. 

NOTE. — The  copy  of  the  Will  is  in  "  Consistory  Archives  at  Exeter 
Cathedral."  (See  "  Consistorial  Court,"  Feby.,  1647.) 


1665.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Roger  Wreyford. 
Granted  to  Wm.  Tucker,  Emanuel  Harvey,  and  Wm.  Wrey- 
ford, Overseers  named  in  the  Will  of  said  deceased,  in 
minority  of  Nicholas  Wreyford  the  son.  I4th  July,  1665. 

(Epis.  Regs.,  Exon.) 


1665.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Jane  Osmond,  late 
of  Tiverton,  deceased.  Granted  to  Thomas  Hussey  and  John 
Gill  in  the  Minority  of  Alice  and  Jane  Bryant,  the  Executors. 
3 ist  July,  1665. 

(Epis.  Regs.,  Exon.) 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  127 

1666.  The  Will  of  Edward  Arundell,  jun.,  late  of  North 
Molton,  Gentleman,  was  proved  by  John  Arundell,  his  brother 
and  Executor.  25th  July,  1666. 

(Epis.  Regs.,  Exon.) 


1666.  Probate  of  the  Will  of  Dorothy  Gary,  late  of 

Exeter.  Granted  to  the  Very  Rev.  George  Gary,  Dean  of 

Exeter.  ;th  Sept.,  1666. 

(Epis.  Regs.) 

NOTE. — She  was  third  daughter  of  William  Gary  of  Clovelly,  by 
his  second  wife,  Dorothy,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir  Edward  Gorges. 
Col.  Vivian,  "  Visitation  of  Devon,"  notes  that  she  was  "  dead 
before  1674." 

Her  brother  George — Dean  of  Exeter,  1663 — was  twice  offered  the 
Bishopric  of  Exeter  by  Charles  II.,  but  declined  the  dignity.  King 
Charles  I.  had  presented  him  to  the  Rectory  of  Clovelly,  1638,  and 
he  was  buried  there,  Feby.,  1680-1,  at.  69.  His  eldest  brother, 
"  Sir  Robert  Gary,  Kt.,"  was  Gentleman  of  the  Privy  Chamber  to 
Charles  II. 


1667.  "Memorandum:  That  on  the  27th  March,  1667, 
Mr.  Gascoigne  Canham  of  Arlington,  Clerke,  as  undoubted 
Patron  of  Bratton  Fleming,  did,  by  deed,  grant  to  the  Master 
and  Fellows  of  Gonville  and  Caius  College,  Cambridge,  the 
perpetual  advowson  of  the  said  Rectory  of  Bratton  Fleming, 
to  present  the  eldest  fellow  of  said  College." 

(Epis.   Regs.) 

NOTE. — Mr.  Canham  was  55  years  Rector  of  Arlington,  and  was 
buried  there  in  1667.  Bratton  Fleming  has  a  tithe  rent  charge, 
according  to  the  commutation,  of  ^435  per  annum,  and  there  are 
256$  acres  of  Glebe.  The  population  in  1881  was  523. 


1670.  Probate  of  the  Nuncupative  Will  of  George  Arun- 
dell of  Launceston.  Granted  to  Richard  Killiowe,  the  Executor. 
9th  Feby.,  1670. 

(Epis.    Regs.) 


128  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1671.  Probate  of  the  Will  of  Jonathan  Fox,  late  of  Lancells, 
deceased  3ist  August,  1671.  Granted,  Sept.  1671,  to  Wm. 
Potter,  Executor  "  during  minority." 

(Epis.   Regs.) 


1671.  The  last  Will  of  Peter  Toker  of  Cardinham,  Cornwall, 
Clerk. 

To  eldest  daughter,  Mary  Toker,  and  to  eldest  son, 
Matthew  Toker,  all  messuages,  lands,  &c.,  in  Penstrode  and 
Blissland,  to  them  and  their  heirs,  with  reversion  in  default 
thereof  to  daughter  Katherine,  wife  of  Christopher  Worthe- 
vail,  gentm.,  and  to  her  heirs  of  body.  To  son  Mark  Toker, 
"  the  bidstead  on  which  he  now  lyeth." 

Residue  to  daughter  Katherine,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

No   Act. 

Sum  of  personality,  £4.9  i6s.  5d. 

(Registrar's  Office,  Exeter.) 

NOTE. — Deceased  was  Rector  of  Cardinham.  Commission  to  Ad- 
minister Oaths,  dated  8th  January,  1671. 


1671.  The  Nuncupative  Will  of  Jonathan  Fox  of  Lancells, 
Husbandman,  dated  2Oth  June,  1671.  He  gives  to  his  sister, 
Grace  Fox,  one  white  pigge  of  one  year  old.  To  his  wife 
Julian,  a  Tenement  at  Ossington  in  Lancells,  Co.  Cornwall, 
until  she  succeeds  to  the  moiety  of  the  tenement  at  Whitistone 
in  said  County,  after  the  decease  of  her  mother  Ulalia  Addams. 
Reversion  of  Ossington  then  to  his  children  Ulalia  and 
Jonathan  Fox.  Ossington  is  held  on  lease  determinable  on 
the  lives  of  Testator's  sisters,  Mary,  wife  of  Wm.  Potter,  and 
Grace  Fox.  Residue  to  Philip  Boteler  of  Pancras  Wick,  and 
Wm.  Potter  of  Uffculme  in  trust  for  said  children  ;  they  are 
Exors. 

Witnesses — Wm.  Potter,  Lydia  Cole,  and  Mary  Potter. 

Admon.  to  Wrm.  Potter,  clothier,  of  Uffculme.  3 1st  Aug., 
1671. 

Sum,  £$2  75.  6d. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  .29 

1674.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Granger  of  Liskeard,  and 
Rector  of  St.  Melyan  in  the  County  of  Cornwall,  Clerk. 
Dated,  4th  July,  1673.  To  the  poor  of  St.  Melyan,  2O/-. 
To  son  Thomas  Granger,  "  all  my  books  "  and  £$o,  "  advanced 
to  him  to  be  laid  out  on  a  mortgage  of  a  tenure  in  the 
Duchy  Manor  of  Calstock,  the  said  Thomas  being  now  the 
tenant."  To  said  son's  wife  Elizabeth,  2O/-.  To  son-in-law 
Robert  Warren,  2O/-,  and  to  daughter  Priscilla,  wife  of  said 
Robert,  2O/-,  and  a  further  legacy  of  £20. 

Residue  to  wife  Priscilla,  who  is  Sole   Executrix. 

Proved  Qth   April,    1674. 

Sum,  £238    los.  6d. 

NOTE. — It  appears,  from  the  Inventory,  that  the  Rector's  library 
was  valued  in  £20. 


1677.  The  last  Will  of  Roger  Drake  of  Stoakstowne  in 
the  Co.  of  Wexford,  Gentm.  2Oth  Oct.,  1677.  To  each  of 
his  daughters,  and  to  that  child  his  wife  "now  goeth  with," 
£120.  He  leaves  a  life  interest  in  his  property  to  his  wife 
Hannah,  with  reversion  to  his  "  only  son "  John  Drake.  To 
sister  Anne  Skinner,  £20. 

Residue  to  wife  Anne,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Two  Trustees. 

Witnesses — Dennis  Driscoll,  Clerk,  Barbara  Rowles,  Mary 
Driscoll. 

Proved,  Prin.  Regy.,  Exon.,  I4th  March,  1677,  by  Hannah 
Drake  the  Executrix. 

(Registrar's  Office,   Exeter.) 

NOTE. — This  Will  is  especially  interesting,  as  it  is  not  to  be  found 
at  Exeter  Probate  Court.  1  came  upon  it  accidentally  in  the  Office 
of  the  Registrar  of  the  Diocese.  It  was  evidently,  from  the  names 
of  two  of  the  witnesses,  executed  in  Ireland,  and  would,  therefore, 
be  scarcely  likely  to  be  looked  for  at  Exeter. 


1682.  Will,  with  Codicil,  of  John  Peter,  Clerk,  late  Vicar 
of  St.  Enodoc,  Co.  Cornwall.  Probate  granted,  I4th  Dec., 
1682,  to  "Renato"  Peter,  son  and  Exor. 

(Epis.    Regs.) 


130  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1683.  The  last  Will  of  George  Gibbs*  the  elder,  of  Clyst 
St.  George,  Yeoman.  To  the  poor  of  the  Parish,  4O/-.  To 
George  Gibbs,  his  eldest  son,  the  goods  and  household  stuff 
in  his  dwelling-house.  To  Samuel  Gibbs,  his  son,  2O/-,  and 
the  land  which  he  had  purchased  for  him  in  Clyst  St.  George, 
to  him  and  his  heirs  for  ever.  To  Sarah  Goulsworthy,  his 
daughter,  £20.  To  Henry  Goulsworthy,  his  grandson,  5s. 
To  Thomas  Goulsworthy,  his  grandson,  ,£5.  To  Elizabeth 
Henley.t  2O/-,  and  3/-  to  each  of  her  three  sons.  To  his 
son  Abraham,:}:  all  the  residue  of  his  goods. 

Will  dated  March  6th,  1682-3.  Proved  by  Abraham  Gibbs, 
Sole  Executor,  August  1st,  1683. 

Overseers — Willm.  Clare,  Thomasin  Toake,  Samuel  Truelake. 


1683.  Administration  to  the  effects,  &c.,  of  John  Wreyford 
of  Beerferrers,  granted  to  Elizabeth  his  relict  27th  Aug.,  1683. 
Matthew  Wreyford  of  Dunterton,  Surgeon,  joins  the  bond. 


1685.  The  last  Will  of  Ann,  daughter  of  Nicholas  Borlase 
of  Trelodro,  Esqr.,  deceased.  Dated  3rd  July,  1685.  To  nephews, 
Giles  Chichester,  £100;  John  Chichester,  ,£200.  To  niece, 
Ursula  Chichester,  .£150,  and  5  broad  pieces  of  gold.  To  niece, 
Prudence  Chichester,  similar  legacy.  Legacies  to  "  kinsfolk," 
children  of  William  Borlace,  viz.,  John,  Joan,  Ann,  and  to  the 
youngest  son  of  Phillipe  Lincoln  and  to  Margt.  Chichester. 
Legacy  to  Mary,  dau.  of  Henry  Borlace  ;  godchildren,  Nicholas 
James  and  John  Hawton.  Servant,  Mary  James,  an  annuity  of 
£6.  £200  to  be  spent  on  the  funeral,  at  direction  of  "  Sister 
Chichester."  Residue  to  niece,  Katherine  Chichester,  who  is 
Sole  Executrix. 

Exors.  in  trust,  during  minority  of  Executrix,  Walter  Blunt, 
Sir  John  Southcote,  Edward  Cary,  Esq.,  and  brother,  John 
Chichester.  Proved  i;th  Oct.,  1688. 

Crest-Seal—"  A  Wolf  passant." 

NOTE. — See  Dec.  igth,  1701,  post. 


*  So  signed.      He   is   called   Gibbs   in   the   Will.       Eldest   son   of  John   Gibbs 
the  elder,    of  Clyst   St.    George,    was  buried    there,  July    i8th,   1683. 

t  Wife   of  Benjamin  Brinley.  %  Afterwards  of  Exeter,    1668. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  131 

1687.  George  Pollard  of  Fremington,  Esqr.,  29111  April,  1687. 
He  desires  to  be  buried  near  his  brother  "  Slow-ley  "  if  he  happens 
to  die  in  Fremington.  If  not,  then  near  his  brother,  Robert 
Pollard,  at  King's-Nympton.  He  mentions  his  brother  "  Sir 
Ames  Pollard  Bart."  and  his  sister  Dorothy  Slowley.  His 
cousin,  Margaret  Pollard. 

Proved  8th  March,   1687. 


1688.     Probate  of  the  will  of  Sir  Edward  Seymour  of  Berry, 
granted  to  Dame  Anne  his  wife,  15111  Jany.,  1688. 
Epis.  Regs. 


1692.  Michael  Wrayford  of  Bovey  Tracy,  9th  May,  1692. 
To  sons  John,  Michael,  and  William,  and  to  daughters  Elizabeth, 
Sarah,  and  Mary  is.  each. 

Residue  to  wife  Mary,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses — George  and  Elizb.  Wrayford. 

Proved  2nd  Aug.,  1692. 

Sum  £57. 


1693.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Francis  Pollard, 
granted  to  her  niece  Margaret  Hartnell,  wife  of  John  Hartnell, 
Sir  Ames  Pollard,  brother  of  deceased,  having  renounced. 

1 7th  April,  1693. 


1698.  The  last  Will  of  Margaret  Prideaux*  of  Shobrooke, 
co.  Devon,  widow,  "  being  ancient."  She  leaves  to  the  poor  of 
Sandford,  South  Molton,  and  Holdworthy  £10  each  parish  ; 
to  the  poor  of  Bradworthy  IDs.,  and  of  Shobrooke  £5.  £50  to 
Mary  Trosse,  daughter  of  her  cousin  Mary  Trosse  of  Exeter  ; 
£50  to  Thomas  Trosse,  son  of  her  cousin  Thomas  Trosse  of 
Upincott  ;  and  £50  to  his  sister  Margaret  Trosse,  desiring 
Mr.  James  Newton  their  grandfather  to  be  their  guardian.  £20 

*  Daughter  of  ...  Lane  and  widow  of  ...  Hunt.  (See  Pedigree  of  Prideaux 
and  Hrune,  p.  34).  Married  Nicholas,  eldest  son  of  Nicholas  Prideaux,  of  Soldon, 
Co.  Devon. 


1 32  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

to  Simon  Hall  the  elder  of  Shobrooke,  and  £10  to  John  Hall 
his  son.  £20  to  John  Croome  of  Milton  Damerel.  Theadvovv- 
son  of  Plymptree  and  £200  to  her  cousin  Robert  Mercer,  son  of 
her  cousin  John  Mercer  of  Ottery  St.  Mary,  deceased.  ^100 
to  William  Mercer,  son  of  her  cousin  William  Mercer  of  Budley. 
£100  to  John  Mercer,  son  of  her  said  cousin  John  Mercer.  To 
John  Mercer,  giandson  of  her  said  cousin  John  Mercer,  all  her 
lands,  &c.,  in  Ipplepen,  to  him  and  his  heirs.  Also  to  Malachy 
Mercer,  brother  to  said  John,  and  his  heirs  the  messuage  called 
Ford  in  the  Parish  of  Cheriton  Fitz  Payne.  Also  to  Richard, 
brother  of  the  said  John  and  Malachy,  and  his  heirs,  her  house 
in  Ottery,  a  house  in  Shobrooke  and  ^100.  Also  to  Jael 
Mercer*  their  sister  ^800  "  if  she  be  not  married  before  my 
decease."  Her  cousins  Isaac  Gibbsf  of  Exeter  and  Joseph 
Olliver  of  Exwick  to  be  guardians  of  the  four  children  last 
named.  To  her  sister  Agnes  MercerJ  her  tenement  in  Sowton 
called  Walcombes  for  life,  and  after  her  death  to  Nicholas  and 
Henry  Ashe,  sons  of  her  cousin  Henry  Ashe  of  Swoton,  on 
condition  that  they  pay  their  sisters  Elizabeth  and  Anne  Ashe 
£100  each.  Also  to  Margaret,  Joseph,  and  John  Oliver, 
children  of  her  said  cousin  Joseph  Olliver,  all  her  lands 
in  South  Molton,  North  Molton,  Chittlehampton,  Bishops 
Nympton,  and  Bow,  on  condition  that  they  pay  Benjamin, 
Mary,  and  Elizabeth  Oliver,  their  brother  and  sisters,  £50 
each.  Also  to  Anne  Gibbs,  daughter  of  her  said  cousin  Isaac 
Gibbs,  her  house  in  Northgate  Street  in  Exeter.  Various 
legacies  to  John  Hawkins  ;  John  Downe  ;  Joane  Baker  ;  Mary 
Ware  ;  Southcott  Luttrell,  Esqre.,  and  Joane  his  wife ;  John 
Moore,  Esq.,  and  Elizabeth  his  wife  .  .  Olliver  of  Cowley, 
Esqre.,  and  his  wife  ;  to  her  cousin  Joseph  Olliver  ;  to  her  cousin 
Isaac  Gibbs  and  Elizabeth  Gibbs§  his  mother  ;  to  her  cousin 
Mr.  Henry  Ashe  of  Sowton  and  his  wife  ;  to  William  Mercer 
and  Budley  his  wife  ;  to  Sarah  Mercer||  of  Ottery,  widow  of  John 

*  Mentioned  in  the  Will  of  Elizabeth  Gandy,  of  Exeter,  1719. — See  next  page. 

t  Isaac  Gibbs  married  first  Anne,  daughter  of  John  Mercer,  of  Ottery  St.  Mary, 
by  Sarah  his  wife.  Admon.  May,  1726,  C.  P.C.,  and  Sep.,  1778.  Archd.  Court, 
Exeter. 

J  Agnes,  wife  of  William  Mercer,  and  mother  of  John  abovenamed. 

§  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Isaac  Mauduit,  of  Exeter,  wife  of  Abraham  Gibbs,  of 
Exeter,  whose  will  in  C.P.C.  Nov.  6,  1668. 

||  Sarali,  daughter  of  Robert  Huntington,  of  Stanton  Harcourt,  Co.  Oxon., 
married  1657  to  John  Mercer  of  Ottery  S.  Mary. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  133 

Mercer,  deceased  ;  to  John  Mercer  of  Ottery  and  his  wife;  to 
Mary  Trosse  of  Exeter,  widow  ;  to  Thomas  Trosse  of  Upincott 
and  his  wife ;  to  Symon  Hall  the  elder  of  Shobrooke  ;  and  to  the 
said  John  Croom  and  his  wife.  To  John  Gibbs,*  son  of  her 
said  cousin  Isaac  Gibbs  of  Exeter  all  her  lands  in  Shobrooke, 
Cheriton,  and  Crediton  (not  before  given)  to  him  and  his  heirs 
for  ever,  or,  in  default  of  such  issue,  to  his  sister  Anne  Gibbs,  or, 
in  default,  to  the  right  heirs  of  her  cousin  Isaac  Gibbs,  and  in 
default  of  such  heirs  to  John  Mercer,  grandson  of  her  cousin 
John  Mercer,  deceased,  and  to  his  heirs. 

Residue  of  Realty  and  Personalty  to  the  said  John  Gibbs. 
Will  dated  March  9,  1697/8. 

Admon  with  will  annexed  to  Isaac  Gibbs  during  the  minority 
of  John  Gibbs,  Sole  Exor.,  i8th  Octr.,  1698. 

Probate  to  John  Gibbs,  August  7th,  1704. 

Parties  to  administration  bond,  Isaac  Gibbs  of  Exeter,  Eliza- 
beth Gibbs  of  the  same,  widow,  and  Elizabeth  Gandy  of  the 
same,  widow. 


1701.  Admon.  de  Bonis  non  to  the  effects  of  Ann  Borlace, 
late  of  Trelodro,  in  the  County  of  Cornwall,  and  of  Arlington, 
in  the  Co.  of  Devon.  Unadministered  by  John  Chichester,  one 
of  the  exors.  Granted  to  Gyles  Chichester,  nephew  of  deceased, 
1 9th  Dec,  1701. 

"The  original  will  was  proved  in  common  form  ye  7th  Oct., 
1685,  in  which  bundle  you  will  find  ye  original  will. 

NOTE. — See  Oct.  i7th,  1638,  ante. 


1701.  Renunciation  of  Richard  and  Daniell  Tucker  of  Cruse 
Morchard  to  the  effects  of  Joan  Payn  of  Caddely,  who  died 
1st  March,  1700. 

"Their  own  sister's  daughter  and   next  of   kin." 

They  desire  that  admon.  be  granted  to  Richard  Smith  of 
Cheriton,  the  Sole  Exor.  under  the  said  Joan  Payne's  nuncupa- 
tive will. 

From  Archives  Prin.  Regy.,  Exeter  Cathedral. 

*  John  Gibbs,  of  Exeter.     Will  in  Principal  Registry,  Exeter,  Nov.  i,  1742. 


134  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1704.  Probate  of  the  Will  of  William  Arundell,  late  of 
Filleigh,  clerk,  deceased.  Granted  to  Honor  his  relict. 
6th  Sept.,  1704. 

Epis.  Regs. 


1704.  Administration  of  the  estate  of  the  male  child  of  John 
Arundell  and  Margaret  his  wife,  deceased  before  baptism. 
Granted  to  John  his  said  father  25th  Jany.,  1704-5. 

Epis.  Regs. 


1706.  Administration  of  the  effects  of  Robert  Gary  of  Sid- 
bury,  granted  to  Susanna  his  relict  I4th  Feby.,  1706. 
Sum  £102  5-s.  4d. 
Epis.  Regs. 


1706.  William  Hole  of  North  Tawton,  2ist  Oct.,  1704  (Yeo- 
man). To  wife  Joane  ,£80.  To  daughter-in-law  Mary  Moore 
£4.  To  Thomas  Crispin's  children,  "  that  he  had  by  his  wife 
Anne,"  £9.  To  kinsman  Richard  Hole  of  the  parish  of  Bundley 
"my  interest  in  Loutton  in  said  parish"  and  the  sum  of  .£10. 
To  kinsman  Thomas  Hole  of  Zeal  Monachorum  2os.  To 
kinswoman  Prudence,  wife  of  James  French  of  North  Tawton, 
4O.s.  per  annum.  Mentions  his  kinsman  Peter  Ware  of  North 
Tawton.  Residue  to  brother  Andrew,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Proved  22nd  May,  1706. 

Inventory  £653  8s.  4d. 

Value  of  Chattle  estates  £450. 


1708.  Admon.  of  John  Tucker  of  Morvvenstovv,  granted 
1 5th  Dec.,  1708,  to  Narcissus  Hatherleigh,  Gentm.,  of  Bideford, 
John  Honny  of  Kilkhampton,  Gentm.,  and  Arthur  Judd  of 
Bradworthy,  Gentm. 

Under  £500. 

From  Archives  Prin.  Regy.,  Exeter  Cath. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  135 

1709.  Appointment  of  Trustee  for  Gilbert  Yard  of  his  mother 
Joan  Yard,  he  being  a  minor  of  the  age  of  12  years,  and  heir 
at  law  to  the  estate  of  his  late  grandmother  Elizabeth  Yard 
late  of  Bradley,  in  the  parish  of  Highweek,  intestate. 

Signed  Gilbert  Yarde. 

Witnesses — William  Rayner  and  Francis  Pocock. 

Seal  of  Arms — Arg.  a  saltire  engrailed  enn.  (Rayner) 
Impaling,  arg.  on  a  fess  indented  betw.  3  delves,  each  charged 
with  a  lion  ramp.,  3  roundles  (Rolle). 

Date  1 6th  Nov.,  1709. 

Registrar's  Office,  Exeter. 

NOTE. — Elizabeth  Yaid,  the  grandmother,  was  widow  of  Gilbert 
Yard  of  Bradley,  and  daughter  of  Henry  Northleigh  of  Peamore.  Joan 
Yard,  the  mother,  was  widow  of  Gilbert  Yard  of  Bradley,  and  dau.  and 
heir  of  Henry  Blackaller  of  Sharpham.  Gilbert  Yanl,  aged  12,  1709, 
sold  Bradley  to  Mr.  Thomas  Veale  in  1751.  He  had  two  sons,  Giles 
and  James.  Giles  Yard  purchased  Trowbridge  in  Crediton  parish, 
which  is  now  the  property  of  Mr.  John  Yard.  See  my  "  Devonshire 
Parishes,"  Vol.  II.,  p.  294. 


i/io.  Thomas  Granger,  Clerk  and  "  Minister  of  God's  word 
at  Lammerton,"  Nov.  I4th,  1709.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in 
the  churchyard  there  near  his  "dear  wife."  To  the  poor  there 
2os.  To  son  Thomas  ^ico.  To  Lydia,  wife  of  said  Thomas, 
and  to  each  of  his  children,  £i.  To  daughter  Elizabeth,  wife 
of  Joseph  Vill,  and  to  each  of  their  children,  £i.  To  sister 
Priscilla  Warren  and  to  her  daughter  Sarah,  £i. 

Residue  to  son  Edmund,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses — John  Doidge,  Thomas  Burnaford,  Joanna  Doidge. 

Proved  2nd  Nov.,  1710. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  g\h  April,  1674  The  mention  of  sister  Priscilla 
proves  that  deceased  was  son  of  Thumas  Granger,  Rector  of  St.  Melynn. 


1711.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Thomas  Pollard  of 
Abbots  Bickington,  granted  7th  Nov.,  1711,  to  Sarah  his 
relict. 


136  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1719.  The  last  Will  of  John  Osmond  of  Exeter,  M.D.  He 
desires  to  be  privately  interred  in  the  night  in  "the  Chappel 
where  Bishop  Oldam  lies  buried  in  St.  Peter's  Church,  if  the 
Church  of  Exeter  will  permit."  £100  to  be  expended  on  his 
funeral.  To  his  "  wife"  £100,  and  £$O,  "  which  was  the  bequest 
of  her  sister  Mrs.  Dorothy  Champneys,"  together  with  £10, 
"  the  bequest  of  Mrs.  Catherine  Pollard."  To  sister  Elizabeth 
Pyle  £20.  To  nephew  and  niece,  John  and  Elizabeth  Hare, 
.£50  each  at  25.  "  To  my  dear  wife"  Rings,  Jewels,  Gold  Box 
and  the  "  Broad  pieces  "  "  that  belong  to  it,"  "  her  gold  watch, 
Pearl  necklace,  wearing  apparel,  and  Books."  Plate  to  be 
equally  divided  between  "  my  wife  and  my  executrix."  "  To 

my Anne    Champneys  living   with    me "    £20.      To   "  my 

wife's  brother,  Mr.  Arthur  Champneys,  and  to  his  daughter,  £10. 

Residue  to  sister  "  Mrs.  Rebeckah  Osmond,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix." 

Will  dated  4th  Jany.,  1712.     Proved  29th  March,  1719. 

Witnesses — John  Vinicombe. 
Wm.  Pitfield. 
Christopher  Hunt. 

Seal — A  fess  dancettee  charged  with  9  ermine  spots. 

Crest — An  Eagle  displayed. 

NOTE. — Dr.  Osmond  was  buried  as  he  desired  in  St.  Saviour's  Chapel 
in  Exeter  Cathedral.  He  died  3rd  April,  1716,  aet.  60.  From  his 
epitaph  we  learn  that  his  wife's  name  was  "  Honora."  His  library  was 
sold  at  his  house  in  the  Cathedral  Close  i6th  July,  1716.  The  arms  of 
Osmond  of  Uplowman,  Halberton,  and  Tiverton,  four  descents,  are 
registered  in  the  V.  of  1620.  They  are  S.  a  fess  dancettee,  erm.  in 
ch.,  an  Eagle  displd.,  arg. 


1719.  John  Pollard  of  Beaworthy  in  the  County  of  Devon, 
Clerk.  He  leaves  his  son  Thomas  los.  Daughter  Amy,  wife 
of  John  Shepperd,  £5.  Daughter  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Robert 
ffiney,  £5.  Daughter  Susanna,  wife  of  Wm.  Harris,  ,£5. 
Daughter  Priscilla,  wife  of  John  Herring,  £$.  To  son  John  £10. 

Residue  to  daughter  Jane  Pollard,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  I2th  Nov.,  1719.     Proved  I3th  Feby.,  1719-20. 

Sum  ;£       i2s.  6d. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  137 

1724.  Andrew  Hole  of  North  Tawton.  He  leaves  to  his  son 
Andrew  his  interest  in  the  Tenement  known  as  Wood  in  Loose- 
beare  and  parish  of  Zeal  Monachorum,  charged  with  the  pay- 
ment of  £10  to  son  William.  To  son  Richard,  Tenements  called 
Lower  Reave  and  Church  Parks  in  the  parish  of  Brushford, 
charged  with  payment  of  .£200  to  daughter  Susannah.  To  son 
Peter  Hole,  £150.  To  son  John  Hole,  £5.  To  daughter  Eliza- 
beth White,  2os.  To  Jane  Newcomb,  5s.  Mentions  "  Mr.  Robert 
Hole  and  Peter  Ware."  Testator  reserves  the  Tenement  called 
Nymets  Nicholl.  Residue  to  son  Richard,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Reversion  of  Brushford  property  to  son  Andrew. 

Proved  2Qth  Jany.,  1724. 


1726.  William  Burlace  of  Plymouth,  Gentleman.  Dated 
3<Dth  March,  1726.  He  discharges  his  nephew  John  Burlace  of 
"  Pendiens,"  Esqr.,  of  £700  due  to  him,  but  to  pay  the  interest 
thereof.  To  cousin  Mary  Pendarvis,  formerly  Mary  Pearse, 
.£100  "due  to  me  in  her  maiden  name,  and  since  confirmed  by 
her  husband  Henry  Pendarvis."  To  Elizb.  Condy  of  Plymouth, 
£20.  Residue  to  John  Gennys  of  Plymouth,  merchant,  and 
his  heirs  for  ever.  He  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses — John  Elliot,  sen.  and  jun.  ;  John  Wicote. 

Proved  loth  Oct.,  1726. 

Seal — Arms  of  Borlase.  Erm.  on  a  bend,  two  hands  tearing 
asunder  a  horse  shoe.  A  crescent  for  difference  (Borlase). 
Crest,  a  wolf  passant  regardant. 


1728.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Robert  Borlase,  late  of 
Newlyn,  Co.  of  Cornwall,  deceased.  Granted  4th  Aug.,  1728, 
to  Teresa  his  sister. 


1728.  John  Tucker  of  Totnes,  Dyer,  24th  Jany.,  1726.  To 
his  mother  Susanna  Tucker,  one  suit  of  mourning.  To  sister 
Elizabeth  the  same.  To  daughter  Susanna  Tucker,  his  house 
and  ;£ioo  at  21.  He  gives  all  his  property  to  said  daughter 
Susanna  after  the  death  of  her  mother,  with  reversion,  failing 


,3g  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

heirs,  to  his  said  sister  Elizabeth,  provided  his  wife  is  not  with 
child  when  he  dies,  but  should  she  have  a  son,  said  son  to 
inherit  the  lands  and  pay  his  sister  Susanna  £100  more. 

Wife  Elizabeth  Sole  Executrix.      Residue  undisposed  of. 

Witnesses— Joseph  Fox,  Frederick  Cross,  Wm.  Churchward. 

Proved  6th  Aug.,  1728.    . 


1730.  License  granted  to  James  Sheppard,  Esqr.,  to  remove 
the  "corps"  of  his  deceased  mother  from  Chudleigh  Church, 
and  to  re-inter  it  with  his  father  Sir  James  Sheppard  deceased, 
one  of  His  Majesty's  Sergts.  at  Law,  in  the  Church  of  Honyton, 
April  2 ist,  1730. 

Epis.  Reg.,  Exon. 


1733.  The  last  Will  of  Tryphcena  Gibbs  of  Topsham,  "of 
considerably  advanced  age."  Leaves  £65  to  Edward  Rowe* 
of  Exeter  .and  Lawrence  Rowef  of  Shobrooke,  Gentn.,  and  all 
her  wrought  plate,  to  be  divided  between  her  three  grand- 
childrent  George  Abraham,  Anna,  and  John,  the  first  and 
second  to  have  £30  apiece,  and  John  £5. 

Will  dated  Nov.  2Oth,  1727.     Proved  May  I7th,  1733. 

Executors  her  daughters  Elizabeth  Pett  and  Mary  Peters. § 

Witnesses — Elizabeth  Row  and  John  Conant. 


1733.  Bond  of  £10  from  David  Evans  of  the  city  of  Exeter, 
Locksmith,  and  Francis  Bidwell  of  the  same,  Serge  Weaver,  to 
Walter  Husband  of  Whitestone,  Co.  Cornwall,  Gentm. — the 
condition  being  that  Richard  Tucker  and  Susanna  his  wife, 
alias  Call,  having  received  a  legacy  of  .£10  under  the  will  of 
Stephen  Call,  late  of  Stratton,  from  the  said  Walter  Husband, 
surviving  Exor.  to  said  will,  the  above  bounden  shall  be  respon- 
sible for  the  debts  of  said  Stephen  Call. 

Registrar's  Office,  Exeter. 

*   Her  brother.          f  Son  of  her  elder  brother  William  Rowe. 

£  George  Abraham  Gibbs  [P.  C.  C.,  1795]  and  Anna  Gibbs,  children  of  her  son 
Abraham  [Dean  and  Ch.  1726]  by  his  first  wife  Mary  Monke ;  and  John  his  son  by 
his  second  wife  Sarah  Lyle. 

§  Wife  of  Nicholas  Peters  of  Topsham,  Surgeon  [Will  Pr.  Reg.,  1747],  married  at 
Clyst  St.  George,  March  8th,  1719. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  139 

1737.  Thomas  Hole  of  Beere  in  North  Tawton,  Yeoman. 
9th  April,  1737.  To  wife  Elizabeth,  £5.  To  daughter  Eliza- 
beth, £200.  To  daughter  Catheiine,  £200.  To  kinswoman 
Elizb.  Dennaford,  403.  To  son  Thomas  and  his  heirs  male 
and  female,  "  the  lands  of  my  inheritance  known  as  Becre  & 
my  tenmt.  called  West  Lee,  in  the  parish  of  Coleridge." 

Residue  to  said  son  Thomas,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Exors.  in  Trust,  all  children  being  under  21,  father-in-law, 
Roger  Durant  of  Zeal  Monachorum  ;  brother-in-law,  George 
Durant  of  North  Tawton  ;  kinsman,  Wm.  Skinner  of  North 
Tawton. 

Testator  is  owner  of  "  Lower  Nichols-Nymet"  Provision  of 
,£600  for  a  boy,  £200  for  a  girl,  should  his  wife  be  enciente 
at  his  death. 

Proved   I5th  July,  1737,  by  Roger  and  George  Durant. 

NOTE. — The  Skinners  were  of  Ashridge  in  North  Tawton.  The 
daughter  and  co-heir  married  Orchard ;  their  daughter,  Cornisli,  the 
present  owner  of  Ashridge. 


1738.  Edmund  Granger  of  Crmvys  Morchard,  Clerk. 
2Oth  Aug.,  1737.  Desires  to  be  buried  in  the  churchyard  there 
near  his  wife.  To  the  poor,  303.  ;  and  to  those  of  Brampford 
Speke,  2Os.  To  daughters  Elizabeth  and  Susannah  Granger, 
£100  each.  To  sons  Thomas  and  Edmund  Granger,  my  Study 
of  Books,  "  they  giving  my  two  daughters  such  books  of  divinity 
and  morality  as  shall  be  thought  most  proper  and  consistent  for 
them." 

Residue  to  said  children,  the  two  sons  being  joint  Exors. 

Witnesses — Daniel  Domett ;  Peter  Pridham  ;  William  Hak- 
worthy. 

Pioved   iQth  April,  1738. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  Nov.  and,  1710.  Edmund  Granger  was  instituted 
to  the  Vicarage  of  Brampford  Speke  24th  Aug.,  1708.  His  successor 
there,  Thomas  Johnson,  was  admitted  3oih  May,  1738.  He  was 
buried  at  Cruse  Morchard,  as  he  desired,  2ist  J.muary,  1737. 


,4o  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1742.  The  last  Will  of  John  Gibbs  of  Exeter,  Esqre. 
Desires  to  be  buried  by  his  father*  in  the  Church  of  St.  Mary 
Arches,  Exeter.  Leaves  his  lands  in  Exeter  to  pay  his 
debts.  Gives  £20  each  to  his  kinsman  Henry  Gandy,f  and 
Jael  [Mercer]  his  wife  ;  and  to  his  sons-in-law  Stephen  Weston, 
Dr.  Ballyman,  and  Samuel  Pierce  of  Shobrooke,  leaving  to 
these  three  last  in  trust,  for  his  daughter  Anne  Ballyman 
and  her  heirs,  the  manor  of  Cross  in  Cheriton  Fitzpaine, 
Poughill,  and  Morchard  Cruwys,  and  all  other  manors,  except 
that  of  Shute  and  Satchfield  in  Cheriton  Fitzpaine,  and 
certain  lands  in  Shobrooke  which  were  entailed  by  his  aunt 
Prideaux.l 

Sealed  with  arms  and  crest  as  George  Gibbs,  1691. 

Executrix — Anne  Ballyman. 

Witnesses. 

Will  dated  Nov.  2nd,  1741.     Proved  Nov.  1st,  1742. 


1744.     Administration  to  the  effects  of  Charles  Granger  of 
WToodbury.     Granted  to  Martha  his  wife  5th  Nov.,  1744. 
Under 


1747.  Richard  Hole  of  North  Tawton,  Clerk,  ist  May, 
1747.  Being  seized  in  fee  of  the  perpetual  advowson  of 
the  Rectory  of  North  Tawton,  and  intending  that  it  shall 
remain  in  his  name  and  family,  he  bequeaths  it  to  his 
nephew  Thomas  Hole,  son  of  brother  Robert  Hole,  and  his 
heirs  male ;  failing  such  to  Richard,  son  of  said  Robert  Hole, 
and  his  heirs. 

Upon  trust  that  one  of  said  Testator's  name  and  family  shall 
always  be  presented  upon  any  avoidance,  with  preference  to  the 
heir  in  possession  if  duly  qualified  to  hold  it.  His  "  worthy 
friend"  Wm.  Hole,  Archdeacon  of  Barnstaple,  to  have  the  said 
Rectory  in  commendam  after  his  death  under  a  bond  of  ,£4,000, 


*  Isaac  Gibbs.     Admon.   1726. 

t  Son  of  Simon  Gandy  and  Elizabeth  his  wife,  sister  of  the  said  Isaac  and  daughter 
of  Abraham  Gibbs,  1668. 

£  Margaret,  wile  of  ...  Prideaux  was  the  aunt  of  Anne  Mercer,  wife  of  Isaac 
Gibbs. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  141 

to  resign  it  when  any  of  Testator's  name  and  family  can  take  it. 
Every  incumbent  to  give  a  bond  of  .£1,000  to  reside  upon  the 
said  living.  To  said  nephew  Richard  Hole  the  fee-simple  of 
Lark-worthy  in  North  Tawton.  Mentions  niece  Mary  Hole, 
daughter  of  said  brother  Robert.  To  nephew  Richard,  son  of 
brother  Emmanuel  Hole,  £$o.  To  kinsman  Wm.  Pidsley  of 
Colebrook,  £50.  To  nephew  Richard  Hole  of  Colebrook,  son 
of  brother  Thomas,  £$o.  Bequests  to  niece  Lucy,  wife  of 
George  Hert  of  Highampton  ;  niece  Rebecca,  wife  of  Roger 
Hert  of  Burrington  ;  and  to  Gertrude  Hert  and  Mary  Hert, 
"  my  servant  maids."  To  the  first  child  of  niece  Martha 
Hearding,  ;£ioo. 

Exors.  in  trust,  Revd.  John  Heath  of  Sampford  Courtenay  ; 
William  Pidsley  ;  Richard  Hole  of  Colebrook  ;  and  Richard 
Hole  of  Exeter  (nephew),  for  benefit  of  said  nephew  Thomas 
Hole. 

Proved  2/th  June,  1747. 


1748.  The  last  Will  of  Ann  Gregson*  of  Exeter.  Leaves 
her  husband  William  Gregson*  the  manors  of  Shute  and  Satch- 
field  in  Cheriton  Fitzpayne,  and  lands  in  Shobrooke  (which  she 
thinks  were  entailed  by  her  aunt  Prideaux's  willf  on  Ann  Maria 
Heath  for  life)  for  his  life ;  remainder  to  Samuel  Pierce  of 
Gendacott  her  brother-in-law,  and  to  Stephen  Weston,  Esqre., 
of  Exeter,  in  trust  for  her  daughter  Elizabeth  Pierce.J  To  the 
same  persons  also  she  devises  her  manors  of  Cross,  &c.,  and  all 
other  her  manors  in  Devonshire,  and  the  rest  of  the  estates 
which  came  to  her  from  her  father.§ 

Executor. 

Will  dated  Feb.  3rd,   1747-8.     Proved  1748. 

Witnesses. 


*  Daughter  of  John  Gibbs  of  Exeter,  by  Mary,  daughter  of  Nicholas  Hall;  married, 
firstly,  Feb.  nth,  1728,  Adam  Pierce  (who  died  1732);  secondly,  Ur.  Ballyman  ; 
and  thirdly,  William  Gregson,  in  1746-7. 

t  Oct.,  1698.     Admon.  August,  1702.     Probate  in  the  Principal  Registry,  Exeter. 

%  Married,  1752,  to  Thomas  Taylor,  Esq.,  of  Denberry  and  Ogwell  ;  died  1777  ; 
only  child. 

§  Principal  Registry,  Nov.,   1742. 


142  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1762.  "Administration  de  Bonis  non "  of  the  effects  of 
Edward  Borlace,  late  of  St.  Michael's,  Penkevil,  and  County  of 
Cornwall,  deceased.  Unadministered  by  Mary  Bolitho,  daughter 
of  the  said  deceased.  Granted  6th  March,  1762,  to  Simon 
Bolitho,  late  husband  of  the  said  Mary. 


1764.  "  Admon.  de  Bonis  non"  of  goods  unadministered  by 
Mary  Wreford,  deceased,  and  once  the  estate  of  Samuel  Wreford 
of  Landkey,  in  the  County  of  Cornwall.  Granted  3rd  May, 
1764,  to  William  Wreford  of  Clanaborough,  yeoman.  Win. 
Wreford,  jun.,  of  the  same  parish  and  County  of  Devon  joins 
the  bond. 

The  affidavit  states  that  the  said  William  Wreford  the  elder 
is  the  Executor  named  in  the  Will  of  said  Mary,  who  adminis- 
tered to  the  estate  of  her  deceased  husband ;  Saml.  Wreford  of 
Landkey,  is  believed  to  have  died  intestate. 


1765.  Roger  Granger  of  Woodbury,  yeoman,  6th  June,  1765. 
To  brothers  Thomas  and  Richard,  is.  each.  Residue  to  wife 
Ann,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses — John  Stokes  ;    Mary  Penguin. 

Proved   iQth  July,   1765. 


1767.  "  Admon.  de  Bonis  non  "  of  the  goods  unadministered 
by  Cecily,  the  relict  of  John  Saunder,  late  of  Chittlehampton. 
Granted  28th  June,  1767,  to  George  Saunder  the  nephew. 

NOTE. — See  Barnstaple,  ante.     7th  May,   1731. 


1770.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Pollard  of 
Mariansleigh.  Granted  to  William  Bowdon,  of  Bishops- 
Nympton,  23rd  November,  1770,  Margaret  the  widow  having 
renounced. 

NOTE. — William  Bowdon,  was  the  son-in-law  of  deceased. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  143 

1779.      Administration     to   the   effects   of   John  Pollard    of 

Gwennap,    in    the   county    of    Cornwall.       Granted  pth    July, 
1779,  to  Martha   Pollard,  his  widow. 


1772.  Thomas  Hole  of  North  Tawton,  Clerk,  26th  May, 
1770. 

To  his  mother  Martha  Hole,  of  Zeal  Monachorum,  widow, 
£21. 

He  leaves  the  Advowson  of  North  Tawton  to  his  brother, 
the  Rev.  Richard  Hole  and  his  heirs.  Residue  to  said  brother 
Richard,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  1772. 

Armorial  Seal — An  Annulet  between  3   fusils. 

NOTE. — "  Az.  an  annulet  arg.  between  3  lozenges  or."  Hole  of 
Ebberly  in  Great  Torrington. 


1772.  Administration  to  the  Effects  of  Henry  Woodley 
late  of  Ashburton,  deceased  intestate.  Granted  27th  Feby., 
1772,  to  Catherine,  wife  of  Richard  Harris,  of  Ashburton, 
his  sister,  and  only  next  of  kin. 


1777.  Edmund  Granger  of  Sowton,  Clerk,  1st  April,  1772. 
To  the  poor  there,  405.  ;  and  to  the  poor  of  Clist  Honiton,  403. 

Residue  to  his  wife    Ann    Granger,  who    is  Sole  Executrix. 

He  desires  his  brother  Thomas  Granger,  his  friend  Thomas 
Binford,  and  his  brother-in-law  Thomas  Prowse  to  "advice  his 
wife,"  he  wishes  her  to  dispose  of  his  property  amongst  "  the 
children." 

Witnesses — Wm.  Wedcott  (Westcott  ?) ;  Jos.  Free. 

Proved  26th  Sept.,  1791. 

Seal  of  Arms. — A  fess  between  two  acorns. 

Crest. — A  hand  holding  a  Portcullis. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  igth  April,  1738.  This  Edmund  Granger  had  a 
"  portion  "  of  Bampton  Vicarage,  Diocese  Oxon.,  which  he  exchanged 
with  Elias  Taunton  for  the  Rectory  of  Sowton,  near  Exeter,  i6th  Feb., 
1750-1.  Mr.  Granger  died  25th  Aug.,  1777,  set.  64.  His  wife  Ann 
was  buried  with  him  at  Sowton,  Qth  Sept.,  1812,  set.  82. 


144  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1789.  The  last  Will  of  John  Wreford  of  Nyniet  Rowland, 
yeoman,  7th  Aug.,  1787.  To  wife  Judith,  £21,  and  best  bed. 
To  son  William,  the  Clevehanger  estate,  subject  to  wife's 
jointure,  and  charged  with  an  annuity  of  .£25  towards  the 
maintenance  of  daughters  Mary,  Anne,  Catherine,  and  Judith 
during  their  minority.  They  are  to  have  j£ioo  each  at  21. 

Clatworthy,  in  the  parish  of  Coleridge,  to  Richard  Vickery 
and  Thomas  Melhuish  Comins  in  trust,  together  with  Browns- 
land  in  Colebrook,  for  the  benefit  of  sons  John,  Samuel,  and 
Richard  Wreford  in  equal  division  at. 21. 

Residue  to  said  Wm.  Wreford,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses — Ann  Comins  ;   Grace  Pedler  ;   Betty  Partridge. 

Proved  2Qth  May,   1789. 


1794.  Thomas  Osmond  of  Silverton,  Gentleman.  Dated 
1 2th  Aug.,  1786.  He  gives  certain  leasehold  closes  of  land  in 
the  parish  of  Willand  to  trustees,  viz ,  Charles  Leigh,  Gentle- 
man, of  Uffculme,  and  John  Wyett  of  the  same,  for  the  following 
uses : — To  pay  an  annuity  of  £10  to  sister  Joan  Tanner,  and 
to  give  the  rents  of  a  portion  of  the  said  property  to  nephew 
John,  with  remainder  to  his  son  Thomas  Osmond  Tanner  and 
his  heirs ;  failing  such  to  revert  to  John,  second  son  of  said 
John  Tanner  and  his  heirs.  To  William,  son  of  Thomas 
Quicke,  and  Joan  his  wife,  "  my  late  niece,"  both  deceased,  he 
gives  the  reversion,  failing  issue  of  the  Tanners  of  freehold 
property  in  Halberton  in  fee  simple ;  and  he  further  leaves 
the  sum  of  .£400  in  trust  for  John,  James,  Henry,  and 
George  Quick,  the  other  children  of  the  said  Thomas  and 
Joan  Quick.  Residue  to  said  nephew  John  Tanner,  who  is 
Sole  Executor. 

Witnesses — John  and  Ann  Head  ;  John  Pudnor,  sen. 

Five  sheets  of  paper. 

Proved    nth  March,   1794. 


1794.  The  last  Will  of  John  Seaward  of  the  Close,  Exeter, 
3Oth  March,  1791.  Legacies  to  daughters  Martha  Jones,  and 
Jane  King.  He  mentions  his  wife  Anne.  He  refers  to  his 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  145 

property  at  Woodbury  and  St.  George's  Clist,  and  to  his  house 
in  St.  Peter's  Churchyard,  Exeter,  now  in  possession  of 
Mr.  Jackson,  Postmaster. 

Proved  2Oth  Feb.,   1794. 

Registrar's  Office,  Exeter. 

NOTE. — Testator  was  doubtless  of  the  family  of  John  Seaward  of 
Clist  St.  George,  whose  son,  Edward  Seaward,  a  merchant,  of  Bradninch 
precinct,  Exeter,  was  mayor  of  Exeter,  1691,  and  received  the  honour 
of  knighthood  from  William  of  Orange.  He  was  first  Governor  of 
Exeter  Hospital.  Sir  Edward  died  ist  of  May,  1703,  and  had  children 
— Nicholas,  Edward,  John,  and  Hannah,  who  all  pre-deceased  him, 
Hannah  was  christened  at  St.  Mary  Majors,  Exeter,  May  igth,  1682. 
Her  mother  was  Hannah,  daughter  of  Nicholas  Brooking.  Sir 
Edward's  picture  is  in  the  chapel  of  Exeter  Workhouse,  and  he  has  a 
fine  monument  in  St.  Paul's  Church,  Exeter.  Elizabeth  Seaward,  of 
the  Clist  St.  George  family,  married  Peter  Chears  of  Exeter  ;  their 
great-grandson,  Captain  H.  Bennett,  sometime  Governor  of  the  Island 
of  Ascension,  was  the  husband  of  Mary,  daughter  of  Jonathan  Worthy, 
Esq.,  of  Exeter,  and  their  only  surviving  son,  Major-General  Henry 
Worthy  Bennett,  married,  secondly,  in  1878,  his  first  cousin,  Lucretia, 
daughter  of  the  late  Rev.  C.  Worthy,  Vicar  of  Ashburton,  by  whom  he 
has  issue. 


1 1 


146  DEVONSHIRE     IV ILLS. 


PREROGATIVE  COURT  OF 
CANTERBURY. 


1571.  The  last  Will  of  Roger  Mathevve  of  Clyst  St.  George, 
co.  Devon. 

He  leaves  to  Margaret  Gybbe,  daughter  of  John  Gybbe.* 
" a  read  heaffer."  To  the  said  John  Gybbe,  his  best  colte,  "his 
herriot  being  chosen."  To  Julian,  daughter  of  the  said  John 
Gybbe,  one  ewe  shepe  and  one  lambe.  To  the  poor  of  Clyst 
St.  George,  io/-;  to  the  poor  of  Stooklonde,  2O/- ;  and  to 
the  poor  of  Upotery,  2O/-.  To  Nicholas,  son  of  Edmund 
Hutchyn,  deceased,  £5  ;  and  to  two  other  sons  of  the  said 
Edmund,  each  a  shepe.  To  William,  son  of  Richard  Hutchin, 
£10.  To  William  Code  his  son-in-lawe,  £20.  To  his  sister 
Johane  Lake,  one  sparked  heifer.  To  every  of  the  children 
of  Willyam  Clode  "  which  he  hath  by  my  sister,  one  shepe." 
To  the  children  of  his  brothers  Willyam  and  John  Mathewe, 
each  a  sheep.  To  the  children  of  his  brother-in-law  Thomas 
Buller  the  debt  which  the  said  Thomas  oweth  him.  John 
Hutchyn  of  Upoterief  to  have  and  enjoy  "all  that  my  terme 
of  yeares,  and  interest  in  the  land,  meadow  and  pasture,  with 
the  appurtenances,  called  Huggleshayes  in  the  parish  of 
Upoterie,  with  common  of  pasture  for  threescore  shepe  thereto 
belonging."  To  each  of  the  children  of  Robert  Podyn,  a 
shepe ;  and  a  shepe  to  each  of  the  children  of  John  Lake. 
To  each  of  the  children  of  Robert  Hutchyn,  Robert,  Roger, 
Humphrey,  Mary,  Briget,  and  Grace,  2O/-.  To  the  children 
of  his  brother-in-law  Thomas  Buller,  "  the  debt  that  he  oweth 
me,  to  be  divided  between  them."  To  William  Mathevv, 

*  Son    of   George    Gybbe    of  Clyst    St.    George.      Will  in  Dean  and  Chapter's 
Court,  Exeter,  December,   1593. 

*  Up  Ottery.-     (Query-  the  same  as  Mohun's  Ottery  ?) 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  147 

the  son  of  Robert  Mathew,  deceased,  4O/-.  To  Elenor  and 
Joyce,  daughters  of  the  said  Robert,  £10  apiece.  To  each 
of  his  godchildren,  2/-.  To  Mary  Mabell,  daughter  of 
Hamond  Mabell,  5/-.  "To  my  servant  Robert  Knyght  one 
stere,  the  price  forty  shillings  and  six  shillings  and  eight 
pence."  To  each  of  his  servants  Thomas  Edward,  Tris- 
tram Haccombe,  Christopher  Wall,  John  Bobbyn,  and  John 
Scott,  5/-. 

Willyam  Gybbe,  clerk,*  Thomas  Haydon  the  younger,  and 
Edmund  Were,  to  be  Overseers  of  his  will. 

Witnesses — Willyam  Gybbe,  clerke,  Thomas  Haydon  the 
younger,  gentm.,  John  Gybbe,  Thomas  Suchespyche,  Willyam 
Eton  and  others. 

Will  dated  April  2Oth,  1571.  Proved  May  nth,  1571,  by 
Christian  Mathewe  his  residuary  legatee  and  Executrix. 


1577.  The  last  Will  of  Christian  Mathewe  of  Clyst  St. 
George,  Co.  Devon,  WTulowe. 

She  desires  to  be  buried  at  Clyst  St.  George,  by  her  "  last 
husband  "Roger  Mathewe." 

She  leaves  to  her  "  son  in  lawe  John  Gibbet  to  the  use  of 
h«s  children,  twentie  pounds."  To  "  my  son  George  Code 
sixty  pounds,  on  condition  that  not  by  any  meanes  or  pro- 
ceesement  he  trouble  my  Executor."  Also  "  sixe  silver  spoones 
signed  with  the  Apostles."  Also  "a  white  cuppe  covered  with 
silver  and  not  gilted."  To  "Jone  his  wieff  my  best  russett 
cassock."  "To  Cicellie  Gibbe  my  daughter  my  best  silke  hatt, 
my  best  cassocke,  my  best  two  kerchiefs,  my  best  two  necker- 
chiefes  with  three  crosse  cloathes."  "  To  Margaret  Gibbe  my 
daughter's  daughter  one  cowe."  "  To  John  Gibbe's  sonne 
William  Gibbe  a  yew  and  a  lambe,  and  to  Julian  Gibbe  a 
yewe  lambe." 

To  the  poor  of  the  Parish  of  "  Upawtry/'J  2O/-.  To  the 
poor  of  Clyst  St.  George,  io/-,  and  one  dozen  wooddis. 


*  Rector  of  Clyst  St.  George  (and  before  ihnt  of  Clyst  St.  Mary),  died  1571. 
Will  in  the  Consistory  Court,  Exeter,  1571,  June  8th. 

t  Son  of  George  Gibbe  of  Cly»t  St.  George.  Will  in  the  Archdeacon's  Court 
of  Kxeter,  aoth  Dec.,  1593. 

%  Up-Ottery,  near  Honiton. 


148  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

To  Margaret  Hutchin,  a  black  kirtell  with  chamlett  bodies. 
To  James  Hole,  her  brother-in-law,  £6  135.  40*.  ;  and  "  lo  his 
wieff  my  cassock  made  of  my  govvnes."  To  Elizabeth  Mais 
of  Clyst  Hidon,  a  yew  shepe.  To  Alice  Lake  of  Loupitte, 
twentie  shillings.  To  Elizabeth  Hunt  of  Clyst  St.  George, 
"  my  redd  kirtell  with  chamlett  bodies."  To  Morice  Payn,  $/-. 
To  her  god -children,  I2d.  each.  To  her  servant  Johaii  Scott, 
£10,  and  "  my  best  petticote  with  taffeto  bodies,  and  my  best 
felt  hatt  saving  one."  To  Jone  Plimpton  "  a  petticote  with 
chamlett  bodies."  She  makes  her  sonne,  William  Code,  her 
Executor  and  Residuary  Legatee. 

In  a  Codicil  dated  March  4th,  1576-7,  she  leaves  to  the  two 
daughters  of  John  Gibbe,  Margaret  and  Julian,  "  two  latten 
pottes  standing  on  the  cubborde,"  and  to  Margaret  one  platter 
and  a  black  cassock.  To  Margaret  Hutchin,  a  peck  of  rye 
and  a  cheese.  To  Robert  Buckland,  person,  io/-.  To  her 
manservants,  2/-  each.  To  Johan  Edwards,  a  bushel  of  malt. 
"  To  my  mayde  Alice  Seward,"  2O/-.  "  To  each  of  my 
boyes,"  I2d.  To  Dennes  Peers,  a  peck  of  rye  and  a  bushell 
of  malte.  To  John  Chapman,  a  peck  of  rye  and  a  bushell 
of  malte.  To  Jane  Pln'llip  of  Apsham,*  a  peck  of  rye  and 
i6d.  To  Johane  Scotte,  "  io/-  more  besides  that  given  her  on 
my  will."  To  Grace,  daughter  of  George  Code,  2O/-  ;  to  Johan, 
"  wieff  of  George  Code  my  best  side  sadell."  To  Agnes  Besse, 
three  poundes  of  lambe  tovve.  To  Thomas  Suckespiche,  half 
that  is  due  to  me. 

Will  dated  Jan.  i8th,  1576-7.     Proved,  with  Codicil,  April  4th, 

1577- 

Overseers,  William   Code  and    Nicholas  Elliott. 

Witnesses — Robert  Buckland,  clerk,  parson  there,  John 
GH)be,  Edmund  Weare,  and  Nicholas  Elliott,  with  W'illiam 
Eton,  writer  hereof. 


1580.  Adnion.  of  the  goods  of  William  Gibbes  of  Fcnton, 
in  the  Parish  of  Dartington,  in  the  County  of  Devon, 
Esquire.  Granted  in  November,  1580,  to  John  Ayer  of 

*  Instituted   1571. 


DEVONSHIRE    WILLS.  149 

Penegett,  Co.  Cornwall,  during  the  minority  of  William 
Wotton,  son  of  Silvester  Gibbes,  alias  Wootton,  daughter  of 
deceased. 

NOTE. — William  Gibbes  was  the  last  of  a  long  line  of  that  name 
possessors  of  Fenton  (<>r  Venton),  which  passed  at  his  death  to  the 
Wottons,  the  eldest  of  his  two  daughters  and  co-heirs,  Silvestra,  having 
married  Walter  Wotton,  and  the  youngest,  Elizabeth,  Edward  Wotton, 
his  elder  brother,  after  whose  death — sans  issue — she  married  Edmund 
Drewe  of  Hayne.  See  Funeral  Certificate  at  the  College  of  Arms, 
showing  his  banner,  Gibbes  (see  under  George  of  Clyst  St.  George, 
1691)  impaling  Berkeley. 


1668.  The  last  Will  of  Abraham  Gibbs*  of  the  City  of 
Exeter,  and  of  St.  George's,  near  Exeter. 

After  clivers  charitable  bequests,  he  divides  his  property  into 
three  parts :  one  to  his  wife  Elizabethf  absolutely  ;  one  to  her 
for  life,  and  afterwards  to  his  children  ;  and  one  to  his  children 
in  equal  shares. 

Executrix,  Elizabeth  his  wife. 

Overseers,  Isaac  MaudittJ  and  Jasper  Mauditt,  merchants, 
his  brothers-in-law,  and  George  Gibbs  §  and  Robert  Gibbs,§  his 
brothers. 

Witnesses — Samuel   Izacke,  Phill.  fforce. 

Will  dated  I2th  Sept.,  1668.  Proved,  6th  Nov.,  1668,  by 
Elizabeth  Gibbs,  Executrix. 


1668.  The  last  Will  of  Abraham  Gibbs  of  the  City  of 
Exeter  and  of  St.  George's,  near  Exeter. 

After  divers  charitable  bequests,  he  leaves  to  his  wife  Elizabeth 
(his  Executrix)  one  third  of  his  property,  absolutely ;  and  one 
third  for  her  life  with  remainder  to  his  children  equally  ;  and 
the  other  third  to  his  said  children,  in  equal  shares. 

Overseers — His    brothers-in-law,   Isaac    Mauditt    and    Jasper 


*  Fourth  son  of  John  Gihbe  the  elder,  of  Clyst  St.  George,  son  of  George  Gihb 
(Court  of  Archd.,  Exon.,  29th  Aug.,  1606).  Abraham  Gilibs  was  Steward  of 
Exeter  in  1660. 

t  Daughter  of  Isaac  Mauduit  of  Exeter,  J.P.  &  D.L. 

I  Steward  of  Exeter,  1669  ;    Mayor,   1681. 

§  Eldest  and  third  sons  of  the  said  John  Gibbe.  (Principal  Registry,  1st  Aug., 
1683.  Court  of  Vicars  Choral,  2;th  Feb.,  1701-2.)  » 


150  DEVONSHIRE     IV ILLS. 

Mauditt,  merchants,  and  George  Gibbs  and  Robert  Gibbs, 
yeomen,  his  brothers. 

Witnesses — Samuell  Izacke,   Phill.   fforce. 

Will  dated  Sept.    I2th,    1668.     Proved,  Nov.  6th,   1668. 

Seal — His  merchants  mark  :  the  escutcheon,  surmounted  by 
an  esquire's  helmet. 


1677-8.  The  last  Will  of  John  Gibbs*  of  Exeter,  Grocer. 
He  bequeaths  405.  to  the  Rev.  Mr.  Gillard,  a  minister  of  God's 
word,  and  rings  of  2os.  each  to  Mrs.  Prudence  Rolston  of 
Exeter,  and  Mr.  John  Dyer  of  Shovvbrook.  He  forgives 
Michael  Eastridge  £$  of  the  .£10  owing  by  him,  and  leaves  all 
the  residue  of  his  property  to  his  brother-in-law  Benjamin 
Brinley  of  Exeter,  and  his  sister  Elizabeth,t  wife  of  the  said 
Benjamin,  whom  he  makes  his  Executors. 

Will  dated  24th  Jan.,  1677-8.  Proved  by  Benjamin  and 
Elizabeth  Brinley.  [13  Reeve.] 

Witnesses — Joshua  Saunders ;  Andrew  Godfrey ;  Lewis 
Bare. 


1678.  The  last  Will  of  John  Gibbs  of  Exeter,  Grocer. 
Leaves  405.  to  Mr.  Gillard,  minister  of  God's  word  ;  a  ring  of 
2os.  each  to  Mrs.  Prudence  Rolston  of  Exeter,  and  Mr.  John 
Dyer  of  Showbrook.  Forgives  Michael  Eastridge  "Five 
pound  of  a  debt  of  £10  which  he  oweth  me;"  gives  his 
Thomasine  Voysey  403. ;  and  the  residue  of  his  property  to  his 
brother-in-law  Benjamin  Brinley,  and  his  sister  Elizabeth,  wife 
of  the  said  Benjamin. 

Exors. — Benjamin  and  Elizabeth  Brinley. 

Witnesses — Joshua  Saunders,  Andrew  Godfrey,  Lewes  Bare. 

Will  dated  Jan.  24th,  1677-8.     Proved  Feb.  25th  following. 

Seal. — A  merchant's  mark  much  like  that  of  his  uncle 
Abraham  Gibbs,  1668. 


*  Third  son  of  George  Gibbe   of  Clyst    St.    George.     (Principal   Registry  of  ihe 
Bishop  of  Exeter,  3rd  Aug.,  1683). 
t  Third  daughter  of  the  same. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  151 

1678-9.  Susanna  Bartlett  of  the  City  of  Exeter,  widow, 
1 7th  December,  1678.  To  my  daughter  Susanna  those  two 
houses  where  Mrs.  Hide  and  Mrs.  Carey  now  live  in  the  parish 
of  St.  Petrox,  within  the  city  of  Exeter,  and  also  the  household 
goods  in  the  house  where  I  now  live,  save  one  suit  of  damask, 
&c.,  and  my  moneys.  To  Mr.  John  Bartlett,  minister  of  God's 
woid  in  Exeter,  and  to  Mr.  Thomas  Ware,  also  a  minister  in 
the  same,  £$  each.  I  give  £20  towards  the  education  of  my 
sister  Brownsford's  children.  Residue  to  my  son  Tristram 
Bartlett,  and  he  Exor. 

I  make  Mr.  John  Starr  and  Mr.  John  Home,  both  of  Exeter, 
overseers  until  the  expiration  of  my  son's  apprenticeship,  two 
years  hence. 

Witnesses — Yachaire  Foswell,  James  Brownsford. 

Proved,  February,  1678-9,  by  Tristram  Bartlett,  son,  and  Exor. 


1693.  The  last  Will  of  Jacob  Gibbs*  of  the  city  of  London, 
Citizen  and  Salter.  He  leaves  all  that  he  has  to  his  brother, 
the  Rev.  John  Gibbs*  of  Oxford. 

Will  dated  in  St.  Clement's,  Eastcheap,  May  23rd,  1693  ; 
proved  the  same  d.iy. 

Witnesses — Joane  Harrison,  Sarah   Hayes,  Stephen   Holland. 

Sealed   with   the   arms  of   Holland. 


1698  9.  Nuncupative  Will  of  John  Gibbs,f  LL.D.,  Rector 
of  Welwyn,  co.  Herts.,  made  "on  or  about  7th  Jan.,  1698, 
English  style,"  shortly  before  his  death  in  January,  1698-9. 

He  leaves  his  property  to  his  sister  Elizabeth  Gandy,J  she 
being  a  widow  and  having  two  children  alive.  He  says  that 
his  mother,  Elizabeth  Gibbs, §  was  old,  and  well  provided  for, 
and  that  his  brother  Isaac  ||  lacked  nothing. 

Probate  granted  to   Elizabeth   Gandy,  3 1st  March,    1699. 

Deponed  by  three  witnesses  (same  date),  William  Battell, 
John  Twydell,  and  Elizabeth  Twydell. 

*  Sons  of  Abraham  Gibbs  of  Fxeter,   1668. 

t  Second  son  of  Abraham  Gibbs  of  Exeter  (P.C.C.,  12th  Sept.,  1668),  was  of 
Exeier  College,  Oxfoid,  and  Fellow  of  All  Souls. 

*  Widow  of  Simon  Gandy  (who  died  1689).     See  her  Will,  P.C  C.,  1st  Sept.,  1719. 
§  Daughter  of  Isaac  Mauduit  of  Exeter. 

j|   Eldest  son  of  Abraham  Gibbs  (C.P.C.,  5th  May,    172*)). 


152  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1719.     The  last  Will   of  Elizabeth  Gaudy*  of  Exeter. 

Mentions  her  grandson  Samuel,  son  of  Abraham  Gandy, 
deceased,  to  whom  she  leaves  £100  at  21.  To  her  daughter- 
in-law,  Grace  Gandy,f  £10  for  mourn'.. g.  To  her  daughter- 
in-law,  Elizabeth  Gandy,  the  same.  To  her  brother,  Isaac 
Gibbs,  for  his  own  and  her  sister's  mourning,  £10.  To  her 
friends,  Mrs.  Grace  Sampson,  widow,  and  Mrs.  Jael  Mercer,:}: 
a  Jacobus  apiece. 

Residue  to  her  son   Henry  Gandy.J 

Will  dated  Sept.  3Oth,  1717.  Proved  Sept.  1st,  1719,  by 
the  Executor,  Henry  Gandy. 

Witnesses — George   Phillips,  Silva.  Evans. 


1726.  Administration  of  the  Goods  of  Isaac  Gibbs, §  late 
of  Exeter,  was  granted  to  John  Gibbs,  Esq.,||  of  the  same, 
son  of  the  deceased  ;  Sarah  Gibbs,^[  relict  of  the  said  Isaac, 
renouncing. 

Date   of  Grant,  May    5th,   1726. 


1732-3.  The  last  Will  of  Adam  Pierce  of  Yendacott,**  Co. 
Devon,  Esquire. 

He  leaves  his  coach  and  four  horses,  his  jewels,  wardrobe, 
etc.,  to  his  wife  Ann. ft  To  her,  also,  and  to  her  father  John 
Gibbs,  Esquire,  JJ  and  to  his  brother  Samuel  Pierce  (whom  he 
makes  his  Executors)  he  leaves  all  his  freeholds,  in  trust,  to 
pay  his  debts,  and  then  to  his  sons,  if  any,  in  tail  male  ; 

*  Daughter  of  Abraham  Gilibs.  P.C.C.,  November,  1668,  and  widow  of 
Simon  Gandy  of  Ide,  Co.  Devon. 

f  Wife  of  Heniy  Sanely,  daughter  of  —  Sampson.     Married,   1705. 

|  Henry  Gaudy  married  Jael,  daughter  of  John  Mercer,  as  his  second  wife,  in 
1719. 

§  Steward  of  Exeter,  1685  ;  Sheriff,  1692 ;  Receiver,  1693.  He  was  son  of 
Abraham  Gibbs  (P.C.C.,  1668),  who  was  Steward  of  Exeter,  1660. 

||  Will  in  Principal  Registry  of  the  Bishop  of  Exeter,   1742. 

*|f  Sarah,  sister  of  Roger  and  Phineas  Chetke,  and  widow  of  ...  Clutterbrook. 
Will  in  C.P.C.,  1743-4. 

'*  On  the  Original  is  endorsed  "  Nuper  de  Yarrenton  in  parochia  de  Shobrooke." 

ff  Daughter  of  John  Gibbs  by  Mary  his  wife,  daughter  of  Nicholas  Hall,  Esq.  She 
mairied,  secondly,  Dr.  Ballyman  ;  and  thirdly,  William  Gregson  ;  and  died,  1748 
(leaving  one  daughter,  afterwards  married  to  Thomas  Taylor,  Esq.)  Will  in 
Principal  Registry,  Exeter. 

JJ  John,  son  of  Isaac  Gibbs.     Will  in  Principal  Registry,  Exeter,  Nov.  ist,  1742. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  153 

remainder  to  his  daughters  as  tenants  in  common  ;  remainder 
to  his  brother  Samuel  Pierce  for  life,  with  remainder  to  his 
son  in  tail  male ;  remainder  to  his  brother  Thomas  Pierce  for 
life,  and  then  to  his  sons  in  tail  male  ;  remainder  to  his 
brother  John  Pierce  for  life,  and  then  to  his  sons  in  tail 
male  ;  remainder  to  his  own  right  heirs  for  ever. 

As  to  the  leaseholds,  the  same  trust,  except  that  failing  his 
own  issue  male,  the  remainder  of  one  quarter  of  the  manor  and 
lands  at  Thorowton  to  his  brother  Samuel,  absolutely,  and  the 
rest  of  the  leaseholds  to  his  own  daughters. 

The  plate  to  remain  as  heirlooms  in  the  Pierce  family. 

Personalty  to  remain  as  a  fund  for  the  education  of  his 
children. 

Confirms  his  Marriage  Settlement  (February,   1728). 

Will  dated  Dec.  4th,  1732.  Proved  27th  Feb.,  1732-3,  by 
the  three  Exors. 

Witnesses — Francis  Ely  ton,  Eliz.  Dennis,  Nicholas  Thomas, 
jun. 

Seal. — 1st  and  4th,  Pierce.*  2nd  and  3rd,t  a  lion  rampant 
impaling,  argent,  3  battleaxes  sable  for  Gibbs. 


1744.  The  last  Will  of  Sarah  GibbsJ  of  Exeter,  widow.  She 
desires  to  be  buried  by  her  husband  in  the  Church  of  St.  Mary 
Arches.  Mentions  her  brothers  Roger  and  Phineas  Cheeke, 
and  makes  the  latter  her  Executor;  also  her  sister  Susanna 
Poole  and  her  children,  John  Poole,  Sarah  Bellew,  and  Susanna 
and  Jane  Poole.  To  Anne,  daughter  of  John  Pyne,  Esquire,  of 
Dartmouth,  she  leaves  a  legacy  (revoked  by  a  Codicil,  Dec.  I2th, 
1728),  and  one  to  Malachy  Pyne  his  son  ;  also  one  to  John 
Pyne  himself;  also  to  her  cousin  Jane  Mayor,  wife  of  John  Gill. 
She  leaves  money  also  to  the  poor  of  St.  Sidwells,  and  £5  to 
the  poor  of  St.  Mary  Arches  ;  but  she  revokes  this  last  by  a 
Codicil,  Oct.  22nd,  1743,  having  altered  her  mind  as  to  being 
buried  in  that  church.  Legacies  also  to  the  Rev.  John  Wither, 

*  Apparently  3  cross-crosslets  on  a  bend,  or  bend  wise,  Or,  the  field  Argent ',  but 
the  seal  is  very  small,  and  I  had  no  magnifying  glass. 

t  Qtury — Cossins  ?     E.  C.   was  mother  of  Adam   Pierce. 

j  Second  wife  of  Isaac  Gib'is  of  Exeter  (P.C.C.,  May,  1726.  Archd.  Court, 
Exeter,  Sept.,  1748),  having  been  before  the  wife  of  ...  Clutterbrooke. 


154  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

and  to  John  Lavington  of  Exeter ;  and  to  Mrs.  Enty  and 
Mrs.  Green  ;  to  John  Gibbs,  Esquire,*  and  to  his  wife  Maryf 
and  their  two  daughters  Mary!  and  Anne  ;  §  also  to  Henry 
Gandy,  Gentleman,  and  his  wife. 

Will  dated  Sept  3Oth,  1726.  Proved,  with  two  codicils,  by 
Phineas  Cheeke,  Jan.  i/th,  1743-4. 

Witnesses — Nosse  Clapp  ;  Roger  Clapp. 


1778.  The  last  Will  of  John  Gibbs||  of  Topsham,  mariner, 
Bequeaths  all  his  goods,  especially  his  half  share  in  the  Brigan- 
tine  "  Ceres,"  to  his  wife  Elizabeth,^  whom  he  makes  his 
Executrix.  George  Abraham  Gibbs**  of  the  Cathedral  Close 
of  St.  Peter,  Exeter,  and  Anthony  Gibbsff  of  St.  Mary  the 
More,  testify  to  the  handwriting  and  signature  of  the  deceased, 
on  the  2Qth  of  October,  1778. 

Will  dated  June  22nd,  1773.     Proved  Nov.  3rd,  1778. 


1779.  The  last  Will  of  Elizabeth  Gibbs  of  Topsham,  wido\v.|J 
She  mentions,  amongst  her  other  property,  the  Brigantine 
"Ceres"  and  a  copyhold  close  of  land  in  the  manor  of  Royke 
Regis  and  Elwell,  which  by  the  custom  of  the  manor  should 
go  to  John  Gibbs,  her  eldest  son.  She  mentions  her  brother- 
in-law  George  Abraham  Gibbs,§§  and  enumerates  her  children, 
William  || ||  (whom,  with  John,  she  makes  Trustee  for  distributing 
her  property),  Abraham,^  George,***  Lyle,ttt  Thomas,!*! 
and  Elizabeth.§§§ 


*  Son  of  Isaac  Gibhs,  by  his  first  wife,  Anne,  daughter  of  John  Mercer.     Will  in 
Principal  Registry,    Nov.  1st,  1742. 

t  Daughter  of  Nicholas  Hall,  Esq.,  of  Exeter,  and  Elizabeth  his  wife. 

J  Wife  of  Stephen  Weston,  son  of  the  Bishop  of  Exeter  ;  died  July  4th,  1749. 

§  Wife  of  Adam  Pierce.     P.C  C..  Feb.,  1732-3. 

||   Son  of  Abraham  Gibbs  of  Topsh.im,  by  Sarah  [LyleJ,  his  second  wife. 

IT  Daughter  and  heir  of  William  Meachin.     P.C.C.,  1779. 

**  Son  of  Abraham  Gibbs  of  Topsham,  by  Mary  [Monk],  his  first  wife.     P.C.C., 

1795- 

ft  Son  of  George  Abraham  Gibbs  by  Anne  [Vicary],  his  wife.     P.C.C.,  1815. 
jt  Of  John  Gibbs  of  Topsham.     (P.C.C.,  3rd  Nov.,    1778.) 
§§  C.P.C.,  Jan.  3ist,  1795. 
Illl  Died  1830. 

^[  He  died  July,    1816.      His  only  child   was  grandmother  to  the  present  EnrI 
of  Pembroke. 

***  Died  1793.         ftt  Died  in  Genoa,  1839.         JJJ  C.P.C.,  7th  Nov.,  1796. 
§§§   Wife  of  James  Richards. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  155 

Will  dated  29th  Oct.,  1778.  Proved  28th  July,  1779,  by  her 
Executors,  George  Abraham  Gibbs  and  William  Gibbs,  power 
being  reserved  to  John  Gibbs. 


1795.  The  last  Will  of  George  Abraham  Gibbs  of  Exeter, 
Surgeon.  Leaves  all  his  lands  in  Clyst  St.  George  and  Clyst 
St.  Mary,  "  with  any  other  lands  that  I  am  at  present  or  may 
hereafter  be  possessed  of  or  entitled  to,"  to  his  most  dearly 
beloved  and  excellent  wife  Anne  Gibbs,  whom  he  makes  his 
Sole  Executrix  and  Sole  Trustee  for  his  children,  leaving  her 
also  all  monies  and  other  personal  property.  In  a  codicil  of 
the  same  -date  as  the  will  he  begs  his  brother*  John  Gibbs, 
and  his  friends,  William  Pitfield,  Edward  Addicot,  and 
John  Mallett,  to  assist  his  wifef  in  her  arrangement  of  his 
affairs  after  his  death,  leaving  to  each  a  set  of  books  worth 
five  guineas. 

In  a  codicil  dated  April  26th,  1775,  he  leaves  Pitfield  and 
Addicot  10  guineas  each,  and  to  Pitfield  his  dearest  and  best 
friend  whatever  set  of  books  he  likes.  He  appoints  no  Trustees 
because  he  is  sure  that  his  brother  and  said  three  friends  will  do 
all  that  is  necessary. 

Will  dated  August  2nd,  1764.     Proved  Jan.  3ist,  1795. 

Witnesses — John  Stephens,  John  Stephens,  jun.,  Frances 
Stephens. 

The  Will  is  all  in  his  own  hand,  whereof  John  Stoodly  and 
William  Cutcliff  make  oath  on  the  22nd  Jan.,  1795. 

Seal — Argent,  3  battleaxes,  sable  [Gibbes  of  Fenton],  with  the 
arms  of  Vicary  of  Dunkeswell  ;  sa.  on  a  chief,  arg.,  two  cinque- 
foils,  gu.,  on  an  escutcheon  of  foretence. 


1796.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Gibbs,t  Second  Lieutenant 
of  H.M.S.  "  Minotaur."  §  Leaves  his  nephews  William  ||  and 

*  Half  brother  ;  son  of  Abraham  Gibbs  of  Topsham,  by  Sarah,  liis  second  wife. 

t  Daughter  and  heir  of  Anthony  Vicary  of  Kxeter. 

t  Sixth  son  of  John  Gibbs  of  Topsham  and  Elizabeth  [Meachin]  his  wife.  P.C.C., 
June,  1778. 

§  Flagship  of  Admiral  McBride. 

II  William  Henry  Gibbs  of  Naples  and  Genoa,  merchant,  died,  unmarried,  at 
Clyst  St.  George.  Principal  Registry,  London,  1859. 


I  $6  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

John*  Gibbs,  sons  of  his  brother  William  Gibbsf  of  Topsham, 
all  his  share  of  prize  money  due  for  the  "  Victorieuse "  and 
"Walshingham  Packet,"  and  all  the  proceeds  of  his  kit,  which 
he  begs  his  friend  Dr.  Remmettf  to  receive  and  distribute. 

Will  dated  June  2Oth,  1796. 

No  Executor  named  in  the  Will. 

Admon.  with  Will  annexed,  granted  Nov.  7th,  1796,  to 
WTilliam  Gibbs,  his  brother  and  next  of  kin. 


*  John  Ley  Gibbs  of  Genoa  and  Manchester.     Buried  at  Blackley,  1837. 
t  Second  son  of  the  said  John  Gibbs  of  Topsham. 

t  Of    Plymouth  ;    M.U.  ;    husband    of    Elizabeth,    eldest    daughter    of    George 
Abiaham  Gil>bs.     P  C.C.,   1795. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  157 


DEAN    AND   CHAPTER. 


1547.  The  last  Will  of  Rafife  Carsleghe  of  Buckland-in-the- 
Moor,  dated  22nd  June,  1st  Edward  VI.  He  leaves  his  body 
to  holy  burial  within  the  churchyard  of  St.  Peter's  Church, 
of  Buckland-in-the-Mcor.  He  bequeaths  to  the  "  Hed  Store  " 
and  to  the  Store  of  our  Lady  within  the  said  church  I  yeo 
sheep  to  each.  To  Wm.  Brooking,  Curate,  to  pray,  &c.,  xiid. 
To  mother,  a  steer  of  3  years  old.  To  brother's  son,  Thomas 
Carsleghe,  "  my  shavyng  knives."  Residue  to  wife  Wilmot, 
who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses — Wm.  Brooking,  Wm.  and  Thomas  Carsleghe. 

Proved  6th  Dec.,  1547. 

Collated  Will,  Old  Book,  Peculiar  Court,  D.  and  C,  Exon. 

NOTE. — This  Will  proves  that  Buckland  Church  (united  to  Ash- 
buiton)  was  dedicated  to  St.  Peter,  and  not  to  St.  Mary,  as  hitherto 
supposed.  (See  my  "  Ashburton  and  its  Neighbourhood,"  p.  54.) 


"  Bekyngton  p.  Aysheberton." 

•1547.  The  last  Will  of  John  Ferris,  dated  lOth  Oct.,  1545. 
He  desires  to  be  buried  in  the  churchyard  of  Seynte  Nicholas 
of  Bekenton,  and  bequeaths  to  the  said  Saint,  "  To  our  blessed 
Lady,"  and  to  St.  Michael,  all  within  the  said  Church,  4d.  each. 
To  Sir  Thomas  Smardon,  4d.  To  Robert  Kcrtais,  a  sheppe. 
To  Roffe  Shaptor,  a  bollocke.  Residue  to  John  Shaptor,  who 
is  Sole  Executor — "  He  to  fynde  my  wyffe  or  cause  her  to  be 
found  as  long  as  she  lyveth." 

Witnesses — Sir  Thomas  Smardon,  Priest  ;  Richard  Kirtois 
(Curtis) ;  Wm.  Whytvvaye. 

Proved  Qth  Dec.,  1547. 

Collated  Will,  Old  Book,  Peculiar  Court,  D.  and  C.,  Exon. 

NOTE. — This  Will  proves  that  Bickirgton  Church,  separated  from 
Ashburton,  1861,  was  not  dedicated  to  St.  Mary  as  commonly  supposed 
hitherto.  (See  my  "  Ashburton  and  its  Neighbourhood,"  p.  57.) 


158  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1547.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Wyndeatt  of  Ashburton, 
1 3th  October,  1547.  He  bequeaths  to  the  "  hedd  store"  within 
the  Church  of  Ashburton  4d.  Residue  to  wife  Joan,  who  is 
Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses — Nicholas  Landeman,  Curate. 
John  Wyndeatt. 
Thomas  Wyndeatt. 
George  Wyndeatt. 
Proved  i8th  June,  1548. 
Personality,  £4  153.  7d. 
Collated  Will  in  Old  Book,  Peculiar  Court,  D.  and  C,  Exon. 


1548.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Toker  of  Staverton,  2nd 
Edward  VI.,  A.D.  1548.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in  Staverton 
Church,  and  bequeaths  to  the  Stoer  of  St.  Peter  and  Paule  there 
and  to  the  High  Cross  in  the  same  Church  4d.  To  the  Stoer 
of  SS.  Michael  and  George,  4d.  To  son  Thomas  Toker,  405. 
To  daughter  Elizabeth,  403.  Residue  to  wife  Joane,  who  is 
Sole  Executrix. 

Witness — Alexander  Shaptor,  Curate  ;  John  Prystod. 

Sum,  £60  12s. 

Proved   1 8th  June,   1548. 

Collated  Will  in  Old  Book,  Peculiar  Court,  D.  and  C.,  Exon. 


1550.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Hamlyn  of  Staverton,  dated 
"  2nd  Edwd.  VI."  Bequeaths  his  soul  to  God  and  body  to 
burial  in  ye  Church  earth  of  Staverton.  To  wife  Luce  a  third 
part  of  all  goods.  Another  third  to  son  John  Hamlyn  and  to 
daughters  Catherine  and  Ysoth.  A  third  to  daughters  Eleanor 
and  Bridget,  with  remainder  to  son  John  aforesaid  and  daughter 
Emlyn.  Residue  to  said  John  Hamlyn,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses — John  Ysshel,  Thomas  Abraham,  and  John  Pry- 
stone. 

Proved  22nd  Sept.,  1550. 

Sum,  £18  143.  4d. 

Collated  Will,  Old  Book,  Peculiar  Court,  D.  and  C,  Exon, 
fo.  60. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  159 

1570.  Robert  Tocker  of  Sallcombe,  i6th  Dec.,  1549.  To 
daughter  Joan,  405.  To  son  Nicholas,  2OS.  To  son  Thomas, 
2os.  Residue  to  wife  Isabel,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witness — John  Upton,  "cum  aliis." 

Proved  2nd  Sept,  1570. 

Collated  Will  in  Old  Book,  Peculiar  Court,  D.  and  C,  Exon. 


1580.  Wm.  Wreford  of  Ashburton,  2Oth  April,  1579.  To 
each  child  he  Itavcs  a  sheep.  To  son  John,  half  a  dole  in  a 
tyn  work  called  Wellysfuurd,  and  the  twentieth  part  of  a  Tynn 
worke  called  Allerbrook,  and  a  sixth  part  of  another  called  Moor 
Parke  Head. 

Residue  to  wife  Elizabeth,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses — Thomas  Taylor,  Harry  Whiteway. 

Rulers — Wm.  and  Harry  Whiteway. 

Proved  3rd  June,  1580. 

Collated  Will,  Old  Book,  Peculiar  Court,  D.  and  C,  Exon. 

NOTE — Allerbrook  is  a  small  tributary  of  the  Dart,  about  five  miles 
from  Ashburton,  and  in  the  middle  of  Holne  Moor. 


1593.  The  last  Will  of  John  Gibbe  of  Clyst  St.  George, 
Yeoman.  I,  John  Gibbe  .  .  .  being  somewhat  sicke  in  body, 
but  of  good  and  perfect  remembrance,  thankes  be  given  unto 
Almightie  God,  doe  make  and  ordayne  .  .  .  &c.  I  give  and 
bequeathe  my  soul  into  the  hands  of  Almightye  God,  Father, 
Sonne,  and  Holie  Goste,  three  persons  and  one  God,  trusting 
that  the  same  my  soul  shall  be  received  into  the  fellowshyppe 
of  the  ellecte  and  faythfull  persones  by  the  meryt,  deathe,  and 
passyon  of  Jesus  Christe  the  Sonne  of  God  and  Seconde  Person 
in  Trinitye,  by  whose  means  only  I  hope  to  be  saved  and  by 
none  other.  And  I  will  my  Body  to  be  buryed  in  the  parishe 
Church  of  Cliste  St.  George  or  elswhere,  where  it  shall  please 
God  to  call  me. 

He  leaves  to  the  poor  2Os.  To  Elizabeth  Myddleton,  2os. 
To  Philippe,  Stephen,  and  John  Bruton,  each  one  yeo  sheepe. 
To  his  well-beloved  wyfle  Cecylie  7  of  his  best  kyne,  40  weathers 


160  DE  VONSH1RE     WILLS. 

and  five  yeowes ;  also  one  mare  or  gelding  "  which  shall  not 
happen  to  be  seased  for  a  heariott  by  the  Lord  or  his  officers  ; " 
also  the  moitye  and  halfendeale  of  all  his  corn  and  grayne,  and 
(for  her  life)  of  all  his  puter  and  brasen  vessells.  He  gives  her 
also  all  Butter,  Cheese,  Beef,  Bacon,  and  other  Provision  of 
House  that  may  be  in  the  House  at  his  death  ;  also  one  blacke 
steyre  now  put  to  fattynge,  and  all  pultry  ;  also  all  the  haie  in 
the  talletts  ;  also  all  the  home-made  Clothe  in  the  House  ;  also 
"the  one  halfe  of  all  my  welle  being  in  my  house  at  the  tyme 
of  my  death."  To  his  daughter  Margarett,  £150.  To  his 
daughter  Christyan,  £100,  to  go,  in  case  of  her  death  under  age, 
to  his  son  William  (his  Executor),  or,  if  William  should  die 
before  her,  to  his  daughters  Margarett  and  Jane,  and  to  the 
survivor  of  them.  To  his  daughter  Jane  when  she  is  21,  .£80, 
with  the  same  proviso,  the  money  being  divided  between  Mar- 
garett and  Christyan  in  case  of  William's  death.  The  Residue 
of  everything  to  go  to  the  said  William. 

Overseers — William  Coade  his  brother-in-law  and  George 
Morris  his  cousin. 

Witnesses — William  Keyner  of  Ottery  St.  Mary,  William 
Coade,  and  George  Morris. 

Will  dated  Oct.  loth,  1593.     Proved  Dec.  2Oth,  1593. 

Buried  at  Clyst  St.  George,  Dec.  i/j-th,  1593. 


1619.  Administration  of  the  Goods  of  Robert  Gibbs*  of 
Topsham  was  granted  to  Katherine  Gibbes  his  widow,  William 
Wotton  being  bound  with  her. 


1619.  The  last  Will  of  Laurence  Wreyforde  of  Ayshberton, 
29th  March,  1619.  To  daughter  Elizabeth  Wreyforde,  £5.  To 
sister  Mawte  Norrish,  £5.  Residue  to  wife  Mary  ("nowe  wife  "), 
who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  /th  May,  1619. 

£34  1 6s.  4d. 


*  This  may  be  the  same  man  as  Robert,  father  of  Robert  Gibbe  of  Topsham  (and 
Clyst  St.  George).  See  Jan.  24th,  1662,  Archdeacon's  Court  ;  but,  if  so,  Katherine 
must  have  been  a  second  wife,  Margaret  (Oxenbeare)  being  the  mother  of  Robert. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  161 

1629.  John  Wreaforde  of  Ashburton,  ipth  Jan.,  4th  Charles. 
To  daughter  Peternell,  wife  of  Richard  Taprill,  a  pewter  dish. 
Mentions  children  of  said  Peternell,  viz.,  John,  Ann,  and 
Peternell. 

Residue  to  wife  Barbara,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  i/th  April,  1629. 

Sum,  £21  75.  5d. 


1633.     Elizabeth  Gould  of  Ashburton,  Widow.     Dated 

.  She  gives,  amongst  other  bequests,  an  annuity  of 
£2  to  the  poor  of  Ashburton  to  issue  out  of  her  meadow  called 
Persford. 

Proved  ,    1633,    by   James    Gould,   the    Executor 

named  in  the  Will. 

NOTE. — When  I  saw  this  Will,  23rd  August,  1880,  the  document  was 
in  fragments,  and  the  top  and  bottom  of  the  paper  were  both  missing. 
The  annuity  to  the  poor  of  Ashburton  has  been  long  discontinued,  and 
I  never  heard  of  it  during  my  intimate  connection  with  the  parish 
extending  over  eighteen  years,  1861-1879.  Edward  Gould,  of  the 
same  family,  was  a  benefactor  to  Ashburton  by  his  Will  dated  i6th 
March,  1735,  and,  singularly  enough,  one  of  his  bequests  was  a  sum 
of  4o/-  to  the  poor  of  Ashburton  and  Staverton,  2o/-  to  each  parish 
yearly,  charged  on  land.  Can  it  have  been  his  intention  to  thus  carry 
out  the  Will  of  Elizabeth  Gould  ?  He  was  also  a  considerable  bene- 
factor to  Ashburton  Grammar  School. 


1634.  William  Gould  the  younger  of  Staverton,  Clothier, 
28th  October,  loth  Charles.  To  poor  of  Staverton,  55.  To  son 
Philip,  £5  at  i  5.  To  daughter  Marie,  £$  at  16.  To  daughter 
Agnes,  £$  at  17. 

Residue  to  wife  Mary,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witness — Leonard  Irish. 

Proved  1 8th  Nov.,  1634. 

Sum,  £7  9s.  2d. 


1666.     The  last  Will  of  Samuel  Tidball  of  Ashburton,  Gentle- 
man.    2Oth    May,    1666.      To  the  poor   there,  £3.      To   sister 
12 


.162  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Martha  Tidball  he  leaves  all -his  fee-simple  lands  in  Ashburton, 
.with  remainder  to  Hugh  Stowell,  Esq.,  and  his  heirs.  Residue 
to  said  sister  Martha,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses — Wm.  Denet,  Dorothy  Griffin. 

Proved   I3th  July,   1666. 

NOTE. — Testator  was  son  of  Rev.  Samuel  Tidball,  who  went  to 
Ashburton  as  Curate  to  Robert  Law,  Archdeacon  of  Barnstaple  and 
Vicar  of  Ashburton,  1613,  and  became  Master  of  Ashburton  Grammar 
School,  1616,  and  succeeded  Mark  Law,  son  of  the  Archdeacon  of 
Barnstaple,  as  Vicar  of  Ashburton  in  1644  >  died  1647.  The  said  Mark 
Law  was  the  husband  of  testator's  other  sister,  Maria  Tidball. 

Hugh  Stowell  was  of  Herebeare  in  the  parish  of  Bickington  prope 
Ashburton.  He  was  of  a  younger  branch  of  the  Stawels  (pronounced 
Stowel)  of  Cothelstone,  co.  Somerset,  and  his  immediate  relatives  were 
long  resident  at  Herebeare. 

Miss  M.  Griffin,  of  the  same  race  as  "  Dorothy  G.,"  died  at  Ash- 
burton, May  1 5th,  1853,  aged  105.  She  had  been  present  at  the 
coronation  of  George  III. 


1669.  Katherine  Osmond  of  Culmestock,  Widow,  nth  May, 
1669.  To  brother  John  Smeath  of  Burlescomb,  405.  To 
cousin  Anslie  Cherriton,  best  petticoat.  Bequests  to  cousin 
Charity  Smeath  and  daughter  Mary  Osmond,  "my  spinning 
torne"  and  ^40.  To  Humphry  and  Joan,  children  of  John 
Osmond,  is.  each.  Residue  to  son  Humphry  Osmond,  who  is 
Sole  Executor. 

Proved  8th  Dec.,  1669. 

Sum,  £174  7s.  8d. 

Witnesses — Francis  Hayzell,  James  Southwood. 


1672.  Mary  Granger  of  Clist  Honiton,  24th  Jan.,  1671. 
There  are  bequests  to  daughter  Mary  Robbins  ;  to  sons  James 
and  Francis  Granger.  Residue  to  son  Richard  Granger,  who 
is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses — John  Curell,  Mary  Robbins. 

Proved  27th  May,  1672. 

Sum,  £8  is.  8d. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  163 

1677.  Henry  Gculd  of  Staverton,  Gentleman,  1st  Oct.,  1675. 
To  daughter  Katherine,  wife  of  John  Lackey,  405.  To  daughter 
Margaret,  wife  of  John  Kingwill,  los.  To  daughter  Elizabeth 
Gould,  £40. 

Residue  to  wife  Katherine,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses — John  Rowe,  Andrew  Tarr. 

Proved  3rd  Apiil,   1677. 

Sum,  £473. 


1677.  Walter  Palke  of  the  Towne  of  Ashburton,  Yeoman, 
5th  Nov.,  1677.  To  sister  Dionis  Townsend,  £10,  and  her 
life  in  all  lands  in  Ashburton  after  decease  of  wife  Agnes.  To 
cousin  Margaret,  daughter  of  Dionis  Townsend,  ;£io.  To 
cousins  John  and  Joan  Townsend,  505.  each.  To  cousin  Walter, 
son  of  Thomas  Palke,  deceased,  Reversion  of  the  Ashburton 
lands  after  the  death  of  Dionis  Townsend  and  of  wife  Agnes, 
charged  with  an  annuity  of  2Os.  to  cousin  Dionis. 

Residue  to  wife  Agnes,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses — Thomas  Palke,  Agnes  Hanniford,  Wm.  and 
Mary  Hanniford. 

Proved   iQth  Dec,  1679. 


1679.     Inventory  of  Walter   Palke   of  the   Towne  of  Ash- 
burton, made   by  George    Fabyan   and    Richard  Tapper,  24th 
Dec.,  1679. 

"  His  wearing  apparel          ...          ...          ...          ...  ;£i     o     o 

Item  one  paire  of  looms,  with  querling  torne 

and  other  materials  belonging  to  them      ...     o  10     o 

IO  Pewter  dishes O  16     o" 

Various  other  articles         ..  ...         ...          ...  63     I     6 


£65     7     6 


1680.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Thomas  Palke  of 
Staverton,  granted  to  Susannah  his  relict ;  Matthew  Palke  joins 
the  bond. 

Sum,  £37  i6s.  8d. 

Granted  3rd  Sept.,  1680-1. 


1 64.  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1684.     Administration   to  the    effects   of   Frank    Granger  of 
Clist  Honiton.     Granted  to  Mary  his  relict. 
3Cth  Jan.,  1684. 
Sum,  £18   195.  2d. 


1686.  Agnis  Granger  of  Clist  Honiton,  loth  Dec.,  1685. 
She  leaves  her  leasehold  house  and  orchard  in  Broadclist  to 
her  children,  Joan  her  daughter  and  Richard  her  son. 

Residue  to  said   Joan  Granger,  who  is   Sole   Executrix. 

Witnesses — John   Herne,  Wm.  Ayre,  John  Curell. 

Proved   1 3th  Aug.,   1686. 

Sum,  £21    35.  2d. 


1693.  Mary  Granger  of  Clist  Honiton,  Widow,  28th  March, 
1693.  Bequests  to  son  Abraham  Granger  and  to  daughter 
Hannah.  Residue  to  daughter  Grace  Granger,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Witnesses — Joan  Granger,  Julyan  Pearsse  and  Thomas 
Wescott. 

Proved  28th  April,  1693. 

Sum,  £37  1 6s. 


1707.  The  last  Will  of  Walter  Palk,  sen.,  of  Ashburton, 
22nd  Feb  ,  1705.  To  Walter  "  Paulk,"  my  eldest  son,  all  my 
lands  after  the  decease  of  his  mother,  charged  with  the  pay- 
ment of  £100  as  follows  :  —  £40  to  Jonathan,  second  son  ; 
£30  to  Thomas,  third  son  ;  £30  to  daughter  Grace  Palke. 

Residue  to  wife  Grace,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses  —  John  Smerdon,  John  Fursman,  Robert  Jerman. 

Proved  27th   May,   1707. 

£160  ios 


NOTE  —  Testator  was  the  grandfather  of  Sir  Robert  Palk,  Bart.,  and 
therefore  the  direct  ancestor  of  the  present  Lord  Haldon.  Although 
described  as  "  Cousin  "  (as  was  then  usual),  he  was  really  nephew  of 
Walter  Palk,  whose  will  was  proved  igth  Dec.,  1679,  to  which  refer. 

His  son  Jonathan  was  subsequently  Vicar  of  Ilsington.  See  my 
"Devonshire  Parishes,"  vol.  ii.,  p.  325,  et  seq. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  165 

1725.  The  last  Will  of  Abraham  Gibb  (or  Gibbs)  of  Tops- 
ham,  Yeoman.  Leaves  his  wife  Tryphoena  Gibbs*  a  Rent- 
charge  of  £20,  and  his  daughters  Elizabethf  and  MaryJ  £250 
apiece  at  the  age  of  21  ;  and  all  his  lands  in  Crediton  and 
elsewhere  to  his  friends  and  brothers-in-law,  William  Rowe  § 
of  Shobrooke,  and  Benjamin  Brindley  ||  of  Exeter,  and  Philip 
Gibbs  his  kinsman,!  in  trust  for  his  son  Abraham  Gibbs,*  * 
whom  he  makes  his  Executor,  the  three  trustees  abovenamed 
being  Overseers. 

Will  dated  July   ist,  1718.     Proved  Sept.   loth,   1725. 

Witnesses. 


1726.  The  last  Will  of  Abraham  Gibbs  ft  of  Topsham, 
Gentleman.  He  leaves  £500  to  his  son  George  Abraham 
Gibbs,$J  £300  to  his  daughter  Anna  Gibbs,§§  and  £21  "and 
no  more"  to  his  son  John  Gibbs. |||]  The  Residue  to  his 
wife  Sarah  Gibbs.H1[ 

Executors  in  trust  John  Ewins,  John  Rous,  and  the  Rev.  M. 
Christopher  Ewins. 

Will  dated  i6th  Sept.,  1726.     Proved  Oct.  24th  following. 


1733.  Abraham  Granger  of  Clist  Honiton,  Yeoman,  ist 
March,  1732.  To  wife  Hannah  use  of  all  goods  for  life.  To 
daughter  Mary  Hayman,  eventual  moiety  of  said  goods,  and 
£\O.  To  daughter  Hannah,  the  other  moiety  of  his  goods,  and 
.£10.  To  son  Thomas,  £10.  To  son  Roger,  ;£ioo,  and  he  is  to 
pay  all  legacies  after  the  death  of  Testator's  wife  ;  he  is 
residuary  legatee  and  Sole  Executor. 

Witnesses — Thomas  Perkins,  Richard  Granger. 

Proved  2Oth  June,  1733. 

Sum,  £187  2s.  6d. 

*  Will  in  Principal  Registry,  1733.  t  Wife  of  ...   Pctt. 

J  Wife  of  Nicholas  Peters  of  Topsham,  Surgeon. 

§  Will  in  Archdeaconry  Registry,  1725-6.         ||   Husband  of  his  sister  Elizabeth. 
11  His  first  cousin  (son  of  his  uncle  Philip  Gibbe).     Will,  Archdeaconry,  1724  and  1732. 

**  Will  in  Archdeaconry  Reg.,  1726. 

ft  Son  of  Abraham  Gibbs  (Sept.  loth,  1775,  same  Court). 
JJ  C.P.C.,  Jan.  3ist,  1795.         §§  Afterwards  wife  of  .  .  .  Kemmett  of  Crediton. 

Illl  C.P.C.,  3rd  Nov.,  1778. 

^[  Sarah,  daughter  and  coheiress  of  Robert  Lyle  of  Topsham  ;  married,  thirdly, 
Robert  Framin^hnm. 


166  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1742.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Hannah  Granger  of 
Clist  Honiton.  Granted  to  Thomas  Granger  her  brother, 
20th  Jan.,  1742. 

Under  ;£ioo. 


1743.  Thomas  Granger  of  Lyons  Inn  and  County  of 
Middlesex,  Gentleman.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in  the  Parish 
Church  of  Clist  Honiton,  Co.  Devon.  He  leaves  his  Goods, 
&c.,  to  his  granddaughter  Lydia  Granger  at  21,  or  on  her 
marriage  day,  with  remainder  to  two  nephews,  Rev.  Thomas 
Granger  and  Mr.  Edmund  Granger,  and  to  niece  Mrs.  Susan 
Granger.  He  appoints  his  daughter-in-law  Margaret,  widow  of 
son  Thomas  deceased,  and  said  two  nephews,  Joint  Exors. 

Witnesses — John  Roberts  and  William  Bennett. 

Dated   I2th  Feb.,   1739.     Proved  29th  July,   1743. 

NOTE. — The  testator  is  shown  by  a  memorandum  attached  to  the 
Will  to  have  resided  at  Clist  Honiton  entirely  for  the  nine  months 
preceding  his  death. 


1743.  Hannah  Granger  of  Clist  Honiton,  Widow,  4th  Aug., 
1742.  To  grandson  William  Hayman,  large  brass  kettle.  To 
granddaughter  Mary  Hayman,  two  gold  rings.  To  son-in-law 
John  Hayman,  is.  To  son  Thomas  Granger,  £$  53.  To  son 
Roger  Granger,  is.  To  Rev.  Edmond  Granger,  £1  is.  for 
preaching  a  funeral  sermon.  "  Item,  I  give  five  bushells  of 
wheat  to  be  baked  into  bread  unto  all  such  poore  peopel  as 
usually  byes  bread  of  me."  Residue  to  son  Richard  Granger 
and  to  Jane  Palmer,  who  are  Joint  Exors. 

Witnesses — Samuel  Drake,  Robert  Phelp. 

Proved  7th  Oct.,  1743. 


1743.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Elizabeth  Granger 
of  Clist  Honiton,  intestate,  granted  I4th  Oct.,  1743,  to  Thomas 
Granger  her  brother. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  167 

1763.  Martha  Granger  of  Clist  Honiton,  Widow,  iQth  Oct , 
1761.  To  son  Edward  Nott  of  Tiverton,  is.  To  granddaughter 
Mary  Nott,  "  my  house  called  the  Green  House  at  Clist 
Honiton,"  with  reversion  to  Sarah  and  Edward,  children  of 
George  Nott. 

Son  George  Nott  of  Clist  Honiton,  Sole  Exor. 

Residue  undisposed  of. 

Witnesses — Samuel  and  William  Clarke,  George  Westcott. 

Proved  I3th  Dec.,  1763. 

Under  £20. 


1767,  Nov.  7th.  William  Bartlett  of  St.  Mary  Church, 
Devon,  Gentleman,  by  Will  of  this  date  charges  his  lands 
devised  to  his  eldest  son  Jacob  Bartlett  and  his  personal  estate, 
with  the  payment  of  his  Debts,  &c.  Gives  to  his  son  William 
Bickford  Bartlett  an  orchard  at  Paignton,  which  he  purchased 
of  William  Wallers,  and  share  of  Brigantine  Vessel  called 
"  The  Lady,"  provided  he  gives  a  discharge  "  from  one  Jacob 
Bickfoid  his  grandfather  or  any  Executor;"  also  the  House 
in  which  he  (the  Testator)  lived,  and  the  use  of  his  goods,  &c., 
in  case  he  shall  live  therein,  but  if  he  refuses  to  live  therein 
£300  instead.  Gives  to  his  daughter  Mary  Hele  the  £20 
which  her  husband  owed  him,  and  £\Q  to  be  laid  out  in 
mourning.  To  grand-daughter  Susannah  Hele,  daughter  of 
said  Mary,  ;£ioo  with  interest,  until  she  attains  21,  and  the 
House  and  Cellar  which  Captain  Woollcott  rents  at  Torkey, 
and  Household  goods  in  possession  of  Elizabeth  Emling, 
widow,  after  her  decease.  To  grand-daughters  Agnes  Hele, 
Nancy  Hele,  Peggy  Hele,  £10  each  on  attaining  21.  To 
daughter  Grace  Jackson,  estate  called  Codners,  in  Tor  Mohun, 
for  life.  To  his  grandson  William  Bartlett,  House,  Barn, 
Orchard,  &c.,  being  part  of  the  estate  he  purchased  of 
William  Browse  of  St.  Mary  Church  and  his  heirs,  and  for 
want  of  such  issue  to  his  grandson  James  Salter  Bartlett 
and  his  heirs,  and  for  want  of  such  issue  to  the  right 
heirs  of  his  own  body  for  ever.  To  his  grand-daughter 
Elizabeth  Bartlett,  .£100,  on  attaining  21. 

Residue     to    his    son    Jacob    Bartlett,    whom    he    appoints 


1 68  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Executor,   and    who   proved   in    the    Court   of  the    Dean    and 
Chapter  of  Exeter,  2 1st  June,  1768. 

Witnesses — Wm.    Browse,    Christopher    Waynworth,     Ann 
Henly. 


1769.  Administration  to  the  effects,  &c.,  of  William  Granger, 
late  of  Clist  Honiton.  Granted  2ist  Feb.,  1769,  to  Anne,  wife 
of  James  Clapp,  mother  of  deceased. 

Under  £20. 


1779.  Richard  Tucker  of  Braunton,  Yeoman,  i5th  Dec., 
1776.  He  leaves  his  household  goods,  &c.,  to  son  Richard 
Tucker  of  Georgeham,  "  and  all  the  things  I  left  at  Cryde  in 
Georgeham  when  I  came  to  Braunton."  To  daughter  Ann, 
wife  of  James  Burn  of  Northam,  ;£io.  To  daughter  Mary, 
wife  of  Richard  Knill  of  Braunton,  Carpenter,  and  to  daughter 
Susanna  Tucker,  "the  estate  wherein  I  now  dwell."  Residue  to 
said  two  daughters,  who  are  Joint  Exors. 

Witnesses — George  Ferryman,  Thos.  Knill,  and  Robert  Dunn. 

Proved    1 2th  May,   1729. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  5ih  Dec.,  1766,  Archdeaconry  of  Barnstaple.  It 
will  be  noticed  that  this  testator  is  described  in  his  wife's  Will  as 
"  Gentleman."  He  describes  himself  as  "  Yeoman,"  and  his  daughter, 
who  is  a  considerable  "  beneficiare  "  under  the  above  Will,  evidently 
married  a  mechanic;  this  shows  that  undue  stress  is  sometimes  laid 
upon  notes  as  to  social  position  in  Wills  and  Parish  Registers. 


1798.  Ann  Tucker  of  Braunton,  Widow,  4th  Nov.,  1788. 
To  her  daughter  Ann  Tucker  and  to  her  daughter-in-law 
Prudence  Tucker,  in  trust  for  three  grandchildren,  John  and 
Elizabeth  Tucker,  and  Ann,  wife  of  Edmund  Barrow,  a  certain 
tenement  called  "  The  Balls."  To  son-in-law  George  Webber 
2s.  6d. 

Witnesses — John  Parker,  Robert  Dunn. 

Proved  nth  June,  1798. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  169 


COURT     OF      THE     VICARS      CHORAL, 

EXETER. 


1642.  Administration  of  the  goods  of  Agnes  Gibbs  of 
Woodbury  was  granted  to  Joane  her  mother,  wife  of  William 
Darke  of  Coleridge,  during  the  minority  of  Joane  Gibbs,  sister 
of  the  deceased,  her  goods  being  but  £10,  a  legacy  of  Thomas 
Gibbs*  her  father.  George  Trobridge  and  Richard  Fleming, 
sureties. 

Date  of  grant,  Oct.  6th,  1642. 


1671.      Administration    of   the  goods  of   George   Gibbsf    of 
Woodbury  was  granted   Aug.  23rd,   1671,  to  Joane  his  widow. 


1686.  Administration  of  the  goods  of  Samuel  GibbsJ  of 
Woodbury  was  granted  2jrd  Nov.,  1686,  to  Elizabeth  his 
widow,  and  Robert  Gibbs§  of  Woodbury,  and  Abraham  Gibbs|| 
of  Clyst  St.  George. 


1701-2.  The  last  Will  of  Robert  Gibbslf  of  Woodbury, 
Yeoman.  He  bequeaths  certain  goods  to  his  loving  wife 
Dorothy**  for  life,  and  then  to  his  son  Robert  Gibbs,ff  whom 


*  See  Archdeacon's  Court  (Exon),  Aug.  igth,  1629. 
t  Second  son  of  George  Gibbs  of  Woodbury  (P.C.C.,  Nov.,  1660). 
£  Youngest  son  of  George  Gibbs  of  Clyst  St.  George  (Principal  Registry,  ist  Aug., 
1683). 

§  Brother  of  the  said  George  Gibbs  and  father  of  Elizabeth,  wife  of  the  Testator 
Samuel  Gibbs  (Court  of  Vicars  Choral,  Feb.  27th,  1701-2). 

||  Brother  of  the  Testator  (Court  of  Dean  and  Chapter,  loth  Sept.,  1725). 

IT  Fourth  son  of  John  Gibbe  the  elder  of  Clyst  St.  George. 
**  Dorothea  Crosse!  ft  Same  Court,  7th  Sept.,  1721. 


1 70  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

he  makes  his  Executor.  He  mentions  his  daughter  Anstice 
Pearse,*  Dorothy  Lyde,  and  Elizabeth  Gibbs, f  and  his  daughters- 
in-law  Joane  KentisbeereJ  and  Elizabeth  Gibbs.§  To  his 
grandson  Robert  Gibbs  ||  and  to  his  [own]  son  RobertlT  he 
leaves  his  messuage  and  tenement  at  Ebford,  between  them, 
"to  each  such  distinct  part  as  in  a  deed  bearing  date  March  5 
in  the  3d  year  of  our  Sovereign  Lord  King  James  the  2d  that 
now  is  on  England  A.D.  1686,  by  me  made  and  executed 
unto  my  trusty  friends  Gideon  Haydon,  Abraham  Gibbs,  * 
and  George  Gibbs,**  yeomen,  are  particularly  set  forth  and 
expressed." 

Will  dated   2/th  August,    1688.     Proved    2/th  Feb.,    1701-2, 
by  Robert  Gibbs,  jun. 

Witnesses — Eleanor  Haydon,  Sarah  Edwards,  Henry  Ross. 


1718.  The  last  Will  of  George  Gibbsft  of  Woodbury,  Yeo- 
man. He  leaves  money  to  his  cousins  John,  Nicholas,  Joane, 
and  Mary  Leate,  sons  and  daughters  of  the  late  John  Leate 
of  Clyst  St.  Mary,  and  Mary  Leate  his  sister,  now  of  Wood- 
bury,  widow,  whom  he  makes  his  Executrix. 

Will  dated  2Oth  July,  1717.     Proved  3rd  Oct.,  1718. 

Witnesses. 


1721.     Administration   of   the  goods    of  Robert   Gibbs|$    of 

Woodbury   was  granted    7th    Sept.,    1721,  to    Dorothy   Gibbs, 

spinster,  and   Elizabeth  Duelly  alias  Gibbs  his  daughters,  John 
Way  of  Clyst  St.  George  being  Surety. 


*  Wife  of  Roger  Pearse. 

t  Afterwards  wife  of  her  cousin  Samuel  Gibbs  (same  Court,  23rd  Nov.,  1686). 
%  John  Kensbeere  was  married  at   Clyst  St.  George  in  1684  to  Joane  Gibb,  who 
must  have  been  a  second  wife  of  the  Testator's  son  Robert. 

§  Wife  of  his  son  Robert.  ||  Son  of  (he  said  Robert. 

IT  Same  Court,  7th  Sept.,  1711. 

**  His  nephews,  second  and  fourth  sons  of  his  brother  George  Gibbe  of  Clyst 
St.  George  (Court  of  the  Dean  and  Chapter,  loth  Sept.,  1725,  and  Court  of  the 
Archdeacon  of  Exeter,  nth  Oct.,  1723). 

ft  Only  son  of  George  Gibbs  of  Woodbury  (same  Court,  22nd  Aug.,  1671). 
££  Son  of  Robert  Gibbs  of  Woodbury  (same  Court,  2.7th  Feb.,  1701-2). 


DEVONSHIRE    WILLS 


PART    II. 


ARCHDEACONRY   OF    EXETER. 


1545.      Richard    Toker   of  Ottery    St.    Mary,    loth    August, 

1545- 

Desires  to  be  buried  in  the  churchyard  of  St.  Mary  of 
Ottery,  and  makes  his  wife,  Margaret,  universal  legatee  and 
Sole  Executrix. 

Unindexed.     Proved   22nd  Sept.,   1545. 


1567.  Nicholas  Toker  of  Holcombe  Rogus,  28th  Dec.,  1566. 
To  daughter  Jone,  £5.  To  son  Robert,  "one  steer,  and  one 
calfe  which  is  weaned  from  its  dame."  To  John,  son  of  said 
Robert,  one  steer.  To  god-son  Nicholas  Wynn,  two  sheep. 

Residue  to  wife,  Chrystin,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Personal  Estate,  £21  2s.  8d. 

Proved  4th  April,  1567. 


1617.     Administration  to  the  effects  of  William   Tucker  of 
Exeter,  granted   I3th  Sept.,  1617,  to  Anne,  his  widow. 

Theophilus  Meddicke  and  Richard  Tremayne  join  the  bond. 


172  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1618.     Administration    to   the    effects    of    John    Tucker    of 
Exeter,  granted  2ist  May,    1618,  to  Emelin,  his  widow. 
Gregory  Wood  joins  the  bond. 


1618.  The  last  Will,  nuncupative,  of  Amy  Mortimer  of 
Dunsford,  Widow,  dated  24th  June,  1618.  She  leaves  her 
best  gown  to  son  John  Mortimer  of  Bridford  ;  and  the  rest 
of  her  apparel  to  her  "  natural  daughter,  Jone  Hedgeland." 

Residue  to  son  Thomas   Mortimer,   who  is  Sole   Exor. 

Proved   nth  July,  1618. 


1618.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Mortimer,  late 
of  Tiverton,  deceased,  granted  i/th  Sept.,  1618,  to  Silvester 
Parkehowse. 

Sum  £10  5s.  6d. 


1618.  Agnes  Mortimer  of  Shobbroke,  6th  Jany.,  1618, 
Widow,  gives  certain  household  goods  to  Ambrose,  John,  and 
Agnes,  children  of  Hugh  Gregory  of  Culmstock. 

Said  Agnes  to  have  "  my  best  petticoat,  and  white  fustian 
waistcoat,  white  linnen  apron,  partlett  &  kerchief,  at  21  years 
of  age." 

To  daughter  Margaret  Wood,  "one  greate  vaute  (vat)  and 
best  gowne."  To  Thomasine,  daughter  of  said  Margaret,  "  a 
skillett  and  a  gridiron."  To  John,  brother  of  last,  "  one  great 
brass  candlestick  and  one  bran  dishe."  To  latter's  brother, 
Nicholas  Wood,  another  brass  candlestick,  and  to  William, 
another  brother,  "  the  least  candlestick." 

1 8s.  to  be  expended  on   her  funeral. 

Residue  to  son-in-law,  W'illiam  Wood,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  ipth  March,  1618. 

Sum  £4  I2s.  6d. 


1620.     The    last    Will   of  John  Tooker   of    Bradninche,  and 
co.    of   Devon.     Bequeaths    his    body    to  Christian   burial,    and 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  173 

small  sums  to  the  poor  and  for  the  "  reparacion "  of  the 
parish  church. 

Daughter  Joan,  ^40,  if  she  marries  with  her  mother's 
consent. 

He  leaves  said  daughter  certain  household  furniture,  and  a 
sum  of  ;£io,  owing  to  him  by  John  Maudyt  of  Padbrooke, 
together  with  an  annuity  of  £4. 

He  gives  to  daughter  Dorothy,  wife  of  William  Borowe,  a 
close  of  land,  called  "  Horsepark,"  in  the  parish  of  Cullompton. 

Residue  to  wife,  Ellina,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

By  Codicil,  he  leaves  all  his  lands,  tenements,  and  heredita- 
ments in  Up-Ottery,  to  said  two  daughters,  their  heirs,  etc.,  etc., 
in  equal  portions. 

Proved    I3th  Oct.,   1620. 

Personalty,  £107   195. 


1621.  The  last  Will  of  William  Tucker,  of  Up-Ottery, 
and  county  of  Devon,  dated  3Oth  May,  1621. 

To  be  buried  in  parish  churchyard. 

Leaves  his  brother  John  Tucker  two  pieces  of  cloth,  one 
being  at  "  Robert  Quicke's  house." 

His  "  apparel "  to  John   Halsey. 

Bequests  to  sisters  Thamsine  Jealfrey  and  Elizabeth 
Warren,  and  also  to  Edward,  son  of  John  Goolde. 

"  Uncle  Edmund,"  residuary  legatee  and  Sole  Exor. 

Proved   i/th  Sept.,  1621. 


1621.     The  last  Will  of  John  Tucker  of  St  Mary  the  Great 
in  the  city  of  Exeter,  dated  "Feast  of  St.  Stephen,"   1621. 

Bequests  to  sons  John  and  Hugh,  and  also  to  the  child  his 
wife  expects  to  bear  him. 

Residue  to  wife  Ursula,  who   is  residuary  legatee  and  Sole 
Executrix. 

Witnesses — Gregory  Soper. 

Dorothy  Sparrow. 

Proved   i6th  Jany.,  1621. 


174  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1622.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Richard  Tucker,  late 
of  Southleigh,  intestate,  granted  I5th  April,  1622,  to  William 
Warren  of  said  parish,  in  minority  of  the  son,  Richard  Tucker. 

Gregory  Warren  joins  the  bond. 


1622.     Inventory  of  the  effects  of  Andrew  Tucker  of  Cley- 
hidon,  made  2Oth  May,  and  exhibited   loth  Oct.,  1622. 
Sum  £,2  45.  8d. 


1622.      The    last    Will    of   William    Tucker    of    Gideshame 
dated  Dec.  27th,   1622. 

Bequeaths  "  bodye  to  the  grone,  &  soulle  to  God  who 
gave  it." 

To  son  William,  "  the  beste  cubbord  &  the  dishes  uppon  it." 

To  son-in-law  Thomas  Pearse,  the  "worste  cubbord,  the  old, 
table-board,  the  'sealinge'  behind  the  bench,  and  the  dishes 
on  the  cubbord." 

Wife  to  have  life  interest  in  said  effects. 

Residue  to  said  wife,  Joan,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   I7th  Jany.,  1622. 

In  the  inventory  "a  cowe,  an  heyffer,  and  a  nagge,"  are 
valued  together  at  £6  135.  4d. 

Two  "small  pigges,"   135.  4d. 

"  One  little  mowe  of  wheate,  barley,  &  oates,"  2os. 


1622.  John  Tooker  of  Halberton  "or  otherwise  Yarnicombe 
or  Varnicombe,"  by  Will  dated  i/th  Sept.,  1622,  desires  his 
body  to  be  buried  in  the  churchyard  of  Halberton. 

Bequests  to  Elizabeth  Cha  (?),  George,  Philip,  and  Samuel 
Parker,  and  Thamsin  Crosse. 

Residue  to  brother  "John  Tocker,"  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  8th  Jany.,  1622-3. 


1623.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Joane  Tucker  of 
East  Budleigh,  granted  i$th  Aug.,  1623,  to  Gilbert  Smythe 
and  Jane  Smythe,  late  "Tucker. 


DEVONSHIRE     WI£LS.  175 

1623.  The  last  Will  of  Jane  Mortimer  of  Poughill,  co. 
Devon,  Spinster. 

To  my  mother,  Joan  Philpe,  40*.  To  brothers  John  and 
Roger  Mortimer,  303.  "To  the  ringers  of  my  knell,"  I2d. 
each.  Residue  to  cousin,  Robert  Gye,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Other  bequests  to  Wm.  Dodridge,  and  to  Robert,  his  son, 
and  to  Walter  Barton. 

Dated  27th  Aug.,   1622.     Proved    iQth  Sept.,    1623. 


1624.     Administration    to    the  effects  of  Andrew  Tucker  of 
Exminster,  granted   i/th  May,  1624,  to  Julian  Tucker. 


1624.  The  last  Will  of  Joan  Tucker  of  Tedborne  St. 
Mary,  Widow,  dated  6th  Feby.,  1618. 

To  Parish  Church  35.  4d.,  and  to  Poor  33.  4d. 

Bequests  to  son  Thomas  Tucker,  to  Johane  fford,  and  to 
Ursula,  daughter  of  Henry  Woodley.  To  John  Endell,  the 
great  brass  crocke,  and  to  Ellen  Endell,  is. 

Residue  to  Johane,  daughter  of  Henry  Woodley.  She  is 
Sole  Executrix. 

Sum  £37  2s.  8d. 

Proved  2ist  Jany.,  1624. 


1624.  Inventory  of  Joan  Tucker  of  Tedburne  St.  Mary. 
Extracts — 

"  Item,  one  horse  xl  shillings.  Three  kine,  and  a  yearling, 
ix  //.  (pounds).  Nine  pigges,  I2/-." 


1624.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Nicholas  Mortimore 
of  Tiverton,  granted  2ist  Sept.,  1624,  to  John  Bastard,  his 
son-in-law. 


1625.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Mortimer  of 
Upton  Hellions,  granted  loth  June,  1625,  to  Christopher, 
father  of  Christopher  Payne,  brother-in-law  of  deceased. 


176  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1626.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Agnes  Mortimer, 
alias'  Payne,  of  Upton  Hellions,  granted  April  26th,  1626, 
to  Christopher  Payne. 


1626.  The  last  Will  of  John  Mortimer,  alias  Tanner,  of 
Cadleigh,  ijth  May,  1625.  To  be  buried  in  parish  church. 
To  sister  Elizabeth  Sharland,  403.  Bequests  to  Ralph  Tanner, 
John  Berry,  Sander  Norrish,  Gecrge  Norrish,  both  of  Cheriton, 
Thomasine  Ellat  of  Poughill,  Joan  Pathericke,  Agnes,  Symon, 
Robert,  John  and  Alice  Berrie,  of  Tiverton,  Eleanor  and 
Katherine  Passmore,  Thomas  Beedell,  "to  the  useable  work- 
men of  Sir  Symon  Leache's  house,"  Joan  Clokye,  Bridget  and 
Mary  Norrish,  Christian  Aisse  (Ash),  John  Langworthy,  and 
John  Matthew. 

To  Richard  Aisse  of  Cadleigh,  2\  yards  of  "  Meltie  Cloth." 

Residue  to   William   Matthew,  who  is   Sole  Exor. 

Proved    ipth   May,    1626. 

Sum  £8   IDS. 


1626.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  William  Tucker  of 
Exeter  and  of  the  parish  of  St.  Sidwell,  granted  23rd  June, 
1626,  to  Mary,  his  relict. 


1626.  John  Mortimer  of  the  "  Cytie  of  Exeter,"  July  — , 
1626,  leaves  his  body  to  Christian  burial. 

He  gives  his  best  cloak  to  his  brother  William  Mortimer  ; 
his  "Testament"  to  "Sister  Wilmott."  To  sister  in-law 
"  Dorothie,"  "one  boke  with  a  broad  forrell  called  the 
'Sufferings  of  Christ'" 

To  John  Bayle,  a  book  called  "  The  plain  Man's  Pathway 
to  Heaven." 

To  cousin  William   Hellyar,  a  paire  of  loomes. 

To  sister's  son,  "  Richard,"  "  so  much  of  my  old  cloake 
as  will  make  him  a  coat." 

"  Item,  to  wife's  son   Peter,  the  little  loome." 

Residue  to  "  my  wife,"   who  is   Sole   Executrix. 

Proved  22nd  Aug.,  1626. 


DEVONSHIRE    WILLS.  177 

1627.  The  last  Will  of  Ann  Fry,  Widow,  of  Thorncombe, 
dated  Qth  April,  1624. 

She  gives  legacies  to  grandchildren  John,  Anne,  and  Mary 
Fry,  children  of  her  deceased  son,  Gylles  (?)  Fry,  Mentions 
Alys,  wife  of  John  Downe. 

She  desires  to  be  buried  in  the  churchyard  of  Thorncombe. 

Residue  to  son   William,   who  is   Sole  Executor. 

Proved  at  Exeter,    1627. 

Inventory  made   I7th  May,  1626. 


1627.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Fry  of  Honiton,  dated 
5th  March,  1626.  Mentions  sons  Thomas  and  William, 
daughters  Johan  and  Frances. 

Son   Christopher  Fry   is   Sole  Executor. 

Inventory  made  by  "  William  Fry  "  and  others. 

Witnesses,  Robert  Leach. 
Walter  Abbott. 

Proved  28th  March,   1627. 


1627.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Alexander  Tucker 
of  Siockleigh  English,  granted  May  2Oth,  1627,  to  James 
Tucker. 

Richard    Tucker  joins  the  bond. 


1627.  Inventory  of  Alexander  Tucker  of  Stockleigh  Eng- 
lish, exhibited  2Oth  May,  1627.  Extracts— 

"  Item,  one  bond  of  debt  from  Henry  Tucker,  his  brother, 
of  £20,  for  the  true  payment  of  £10. 

"Item  of  £,6  from  Richard  Tucker,  his  brother,  fof  pay- 
ment of  £3." 

Sum  £23  73.  8d. 


1628.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Edward  Tucker  of 
Broadclist,  granted  I3th  March,  1628,  to  Grace  Tucker,  his 
daughter. 

Henry  Tucker  joins  the  bond. 

Sum  £$  7s.  6d. 
'3 


I78  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1628.  Inventory  of  the  effects  of  Richard  Tucker,  alias 
Glover,  of  Tiverton,  2ist  May,  1628.  Extracts — 

"  Item,  17  sylver  spoones  &  household  effects,  valued  at 
£g2  43.  8d." 

Crest  Seal — A  horse's  head  issuant  from  a  coronet  (Bayly 
of  Hambrook,  co.  Gloucester). 

NOTE. — Refer  to  year  1628,  page  17,  ante. 


1628.  The  last  Will  of  Mary,  Widow  of  Thomas  Fry, 
dated  Columpton,  6th  Feby.,  1627.  Legacies  to  Henry 
and  Priscilla  Howe,  and  to  Sara,  wife  of  Abell  Downe. 

Daughter  Mary  to  have  apparel. 

Residue  to  son  Thomas  Fry,  who  is  Sole   Exor. 

Proved   I2th  March,   1628. 


1620;.  William  Tucker  of  Spreyton  desires  to  be  buried  at 
Spreyton,  and  leaves  is.  to  that  church  and  to  the  poor,  and 
is.  to  the  church  of  Morchard  Bishop,  with  55.  to  the  poor 
there. 

To  his  daughters  Katteron  and  Joane,  money  bequest  at 
21,  and  three  silver  spoons  each,  and  to  each  certain  "brazen 
crockes." 

To  brother  Michael's  children,  sixpence  each. 

To  brother  Robert's  children,  sixpence  each,  and  a  like 
sum  to  "sister  Sibley's"  children,  and  to  those  of  his  two 
brothers-in-law,  John  Tracey  and  John  Moxhay. 

Residue  to  wife  Katteron,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  3Oth  May,  1629.  No  proof.  Index  dated  "  May, 
1629." 


1629.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Jane  Tucker  of  St. 
Mary  the  More  (i.e.,  St.  Mary  the  Great,  commonly  called 
St.  Mary  Major),  in  city  of  Exeter,  Widow,  granted  to  Susan 
Tucker,  6th  July,  1629. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  1621,  Part  II.,  ante. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  179 

1629.     The  last  Will  of  Mark   Fry  of  Stokeintinhead,  dated 
1626.     Mentions  daughters   Anstiss  and   Richord. 
A  legacy  to  poor  of  Stokeintinhead. 
Residue  to  wife  Margaret,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 
Proved  at  Exeter,  2Oth  Aug.,   1629. 


1631.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Tucker  of  Exminster,  dated 
7th  Feby.,  1631. 

To  poor  of  the  parish,  405.,  to  be  distributed  on  the  third 
Sabbath  after  his  burial. 

To  daughter  Grace,  £80,  to  be  paid  in  two  instalments,  on 
the  2nd  Feby.,  1633,  and  on  the  2nd  Feby.,  1635  ;  with 
reversion  to  Margaret,  daughter  of  Peter  Tucker  of  Kenn, 
if  said  Grace  should  die  before  she  attains  the  age  of  four 
years. 

To   Grace,  daughter  of  said  Peter  Tucker,  .£10  at  21. 

To  Thomas,  son  of  Edward   Tucker  of  Dawlish,  £10  at  21. 

To  brother  Edward  Tucker,  £$,  and  like  sum  to  brother 
Peter  Tucker. 

Residue  to   wife  Grace  Tucker,   who  is   Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   I5th  Feby.,   1631. 


1631.  Nuncupative  Will  of  William  Tucker  of  Shobrooke, 
dated  loth  April,  1631.  Wife  Petronell,  universal  legatee  and 
Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  April   I5th,   1631. 

Sum  £83   is.   i  id. 


1631.      Administration    to   the   effects   of  Tristram    Tucker, 
granted    i8th  Nov.,   1631,  to  Joan,  his  widow. 


1631.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Tucker  of 
Poltimore,  deceased,  granted  3rd  Ma)',  1631,  to  Mar}-  Tucker, 
the  widow. 


i8o  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1631.      Inventory   of   John    Tucker   of   Poltimore,  exhibited 
3rd  May,  1631,  made   2pth  April. 

5  acres  and  a  half  of  Wheat  in  the  ground  ...  £14. 

4|     „      of  Barley £13. 

2       „      of  Rye      £l. 

4£     „      of  Pease £3. 

6i     „      of  Oats £8. 

2   Bushels  of  Wheat          ...                                    ...  £i. 


1631-2.     Administration  to  the  effects  of  Alice  Tucker,  late 
of  Exeter,  granted  Jany.  24th,  1631-2,  to  Elizabeth  Stabbicke. 


1632.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  William  Mortimore 
of  Revve,  granted  3<Dth  April,  1632,  to  Christian  Mortimore, 
his  widow. 

"  Dennys  Mortimer,  widow,  was  a  debtor  to  the  estate  of 
deceased." 


1632.  The  last  Will  of  Thomasine  Osmond  of  Uplowman, 
Widow,  dated  5th  Feby.,  1631.  To  son  William,  i  Platter 
dish. 

Residue  to  son-in-law  John  Darcy,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 
Witnesses — Bennet  Bobishe. 

Phillippe  Shepp.ird. 
Michaell  Bobishe. 
Proved  25th  July,  1632. 


1632.  Peter  Tucker  of  Upton  Pyne,  i6th  Nov.,  1632. 
Leaves  his  body  to  Christian  burial.  Bequests  to  William 
Mogridge  and  Wilmot,  his  wife. 

To  sons  John,  Peter,  and  Thomas  Tucker,  at    16,  £10  each. 

To  brother  George  and  sister  Thamsin,   los.  each. 

Residue  to  wife  Wilmot.  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Trustees — John  Tucker  and   Robert  Pridham. 

Proved   Dec.    nth,   1632. 

Sum  £223   i2s.   rod. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  181 

1633.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Tucker  of 
Tiverton,  granted  March  i/th,  1634,  to  George  Parrington, 
his  son-in-law. 


1633.      Administration    to  the  effects  of   Thomas   Fry,  late 
of  Colompton,  granted  27th  Oct.,  1633,  to  Mary,  his  widow. 


1635.  The  Will  of  John  Tooker  of  Brampford  Speke,  dated 
1st  April,  1635. 

He  leaves  in  trust  to  Amias  and  John  Warren  of  Stoke 
Canon,  £80  ;  in  trust  for  son  John  Tucker. 

To  said  trustees,  £90,  for  son  Tristram. 

To  daughter  Ebbot  .£40  at  24,  and  to  granddaughter  Maty 
Coxx,  2Os. 

Residue  to  wife  Mary,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Sum  £210   145. 


1636.  The  last  Will  of  William  Mortimer  of  Bradninch. 
Gives  to  "  reparacion  of  parish  church,  35.  4d.,  and  to  the 
poor,  i  os." 

To  his  kinswoman  Grace,  wife  of  Robert  Miller,  to  Judith 
Downing's  children,  to  Christopher  Taylor's  daughter  Mary, 
to  John  Garnsey's  son,  and  to  Thomas  Wood,*  there  are  small 
bequests.  To  son  Thomas  Mortimer,  the  tenement  at  Bollam 
in  Tiverton. 

Residue  to  wife  Johan,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  3ist  July,   1635.     Proved  3rd  March,  1636. 


1637.  The  last  Will,  nuncupative,  of  John  Moi  timer  of 
Bridford,  Husbandman. 

To  the  poor  of  the  parish,  2s.  To  son  Edward,  and  to  his 
children,  small  bequests  ;  and  also  to  son  Gilbert. 

Residue  to  sons  John  and  Symon  Mortimer,  \\ho  are  joint 
Executors. 

Proved  28th  April,  1637. 

Sum  £53   I2s. 

*  Refer  to  March,  1618,  Will  of  Agnes  Mortimer. 


1 82  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1638.       Robert    Tocker    of    Tiverton,    by    Will    nuncupative 
dated   3 1st   April,    1638,  left  his   eight   children   sixpence   each. 
Residue  to   wife  Thomazine,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 


1638.     William  Tooker  of  Broadclist,  dated  7th  Aug.,  1638. 

By  Will  nuncupative  he  then  left  2Os.  each  to  daughters 
Richorda,  Julian,  and  Mary  Tooker,  and  mentions  his  son 
John. 

Residue  to  wife,  Mary,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  3rd  Sept.,   1638. 


1638.  Thomazine  "  Tacker,"  late  of  Tiverton,  by  Will 
nuncupative  of  2Oth  Sept.,  1638,  gave  her  daughter  Julian  her 
dwelling-house  and  all  her  goods  save  "one  brazen  crocke." 

Residue  to  Mary  "  Tucker,"  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  Oct.  2Oth,  1638. 


1639.     Simon    Tucker   of   St.   Mary   Steps,  Exeter,  by    Will 
nuncupative  22nd   Sept.,  "  or  thereabout." 

Bequeaths    to    poor    of    the    parish    2Os.       To     grandchild 
Nicholas   Coombe,    503.,  and  an   annuity  of  is. 
To  cousin   Emlyn  Tucker,  £10. 
Residue  to  wife  Agnis,  who   is   Sole   Executrix. 
Proved  15th  Oct.,   1639. 
Sum  £108    is.   8d. 

Inventory  of  above  made  I4th  Oct.,  1639. 
"  Imprimis  his  purse  &  girdell  &   wearing  apparell,  with  his 
gown,  £6  I os." 

Item,  2  sylver  bowles  and  a  bere  bole. 
Item,  in  the  Chamber  over  the  Shoppe,  one  muskett  with 
pair  of  bandaliers  and  a  sworde,  with  other  articles,  £17  6s.  lod. 
In  the  kitchen,  2   Bibles. 
Item,  for  8  kine,  ^24. 

"  for  Wheat  in  the  barne     ...          ...         ...     £7   16  10 

"Hay  3   10     9 

"One  reeke  of  woode  in  the  garden,    is.  6d." 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  183 

1639.     The  Nuncupative  Will  of  John  Mortimer  of  Bishop's 
Cheriton,  dated    igth  Feby.,  1639. 

Mentions  sons  James,  John,  and  Gilbert  ;  daughters  Frances, 
wife  of  Robert  Chapell,  and  Ann  and  Joan  Mortimer. 

Residue  to  wife  Wilmot  Mortimer,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses — John  Woodly. 

Roger  Mortimer. 

Proved  Feby.,  1639. 

Sum  £30  95.   lod. 


1640.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Tucker  of  Tiverton.  To 
be  buried  in  parish  church  or  churchyard,  and  leaves  the 
poor  I  os. 

To  son  John  Tucker,  £30  at  21.  To  child  "wife  now  goes 
with,"  a  similar  legacy. 

If  wife  marry  again  to  pay  £60  to  brothers  William  and 
Nicholas  Tucker,  for  purpose  of  said  bequest. 

Wife  Ebbot,  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  "  i6th  year  of  Charles."     Proved  July  3ist,   1640. 


1640.      Extracts   from    Inventory   of    Richard  Tucker,    ex- 
hibited 3 1st  July,  1640. 

Item  3  score  sheepe  &     lambs          £,20. 

„      all  his  hogges      ...          ...          ...          ...  £3. 

„      Corn  in  grounde  ...          ...          ...  .£46. 

„      Reed,  furse,  &  dunge £i. 

„      i  horse  &   I  colt  £3   los. 

„      3  kine  &  2  calves          £>\2. 

„      all  his  poulti ye    ...         ...          ...          ...  .£0  2s.  6d. 

„      Butter,  beef,  &  bacon     ...          ...  ..  £\. 

„      Wood,  &c £2. 

Total  sum  of  personalty,  £123   135.    lod. 


1640.  Administration  to  estate  of  Elizabeth  Tocker  of 
Thorncombe,  Widow,  granted  I2th  May,  1640,  to  William 
Tocker,  her  son. 


184  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1641.  The  last  Will  of  Marie  Tucker  of  Brampford  Speke, 
Widow. 

She  confirms  a  legacy  of  her  late  husband's,  "  John  Toocker," 
of  £90  to  their  youngest  son  Tristram,  and  adds  to  it  £40 
and  an  annuity  of  405.,  all  payable  out  of  a  messuage  in  said 
parish,  and  she  also  gives  said  son  "  Tristram  "  "  the  occupation 
of  a  chamber  in  her  dwelling  house."  To  daughter  Mary, 
wife  of  Richard  Copp,  "  my  best  gown."  To  daughter  Ebbot, 
"  my  wearing  apparell." 

Residue  to  son  John  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Dated  Sept.   1st,  1637.     Proved  3rd  Dec.,   1641. 

Sum  £237  35.  4d. 


1642.  Nicholas  Tucker  of  Clayhanger,  Husbandman, 
Sept.,  1642,  "  intreates  his  surviving  friends  to  bury  his  corps." 
Confirms  to  sister  Mary  (with  remainder  to  children  of  late 
Cilian  Cornworthy ;  aunts  Ursula  Harte  and  Christian  Webber ; 
and  daughter  Jane  Tucker,  with  further  remainder  to  sister 
Joane  Tucker),  a  legacy  of  ;£8o,  thus  bequeathed  by  his 
father,  Nicholas  Tucker. 

Gives  sister  "Jaune  Tucker"  £10,  in  addition  to  £10  left 
her  by  said  father.  "  To  daughter  Jane,  aforesaid,  my  Chiste, 
Bible,  and  all  the  rest  of  my  books." 

Residue  to  wife,  "Jaune,"  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Memorandum — "  This  is  the  true  intent  and  meaning  of 
Nicholas  Tucker,  deceased,  but  brought  unto  better  form. 
Edward  Gardiner,  Clericus." 

Witnesses — Hugh   Pimme,  Denys   Mortymore. 

Proved  25th  Oct.,   1642. 

Sum  ^263   i os. 

NOTE. — That  learned  clerk,  "Edward  Gardiner,"  was  not  vicar  of  the 
parish,  but  about  this  time  William  Norris  was  ejected  from  the  living 
by  the  Puritans  and  was  afterwards  restored. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  185 

1643.  Thomas  Tucker  of  St.  Thomas  the  Apostle,  Black- 
smith. 

To  son  George,  53.  To  daughter  Elizabeth,  "the  best 
lattine  Candlestick"  (*>.,  brass  candlestick). 

To  daughters  Johane,  Mary  "  the  elder,"  and  Mary  the 
younger,  furniture  and  sundry  "  brasse  pannes." 

To  son  Nicholas,  freehold  house,  orchard,  and  garden,  after 
the  expiration  of  the  present  lease. 

Residue  to  wife  Johan  and  son  Nicholas,  who  are  joint 
Exors. 

Proved   I3th  Jany.,   1643. 

Sum  £43  8s.  8d. 


1643.     Administration  to  the  estate  of  John   Mortimer,  late 
of  Ashton,  granted   ipth  Feby.,  1643,  to  Elizabeth,  his  relict. 
Sum  £21  43.  2d. 


1643.  The  last  Will,  nuncupative,  of  John  Mortimoore  of 
Bridford,  made  in  presence  of  Michaell  Dollinge,  clearke,  and 
Mary,  wife  of  Gilbert  Mortimoore  of  Bridforde.  He  leaves 
the  poor  of  Bridford  45.  To  brother  Gilbert,  is. 

Residue  to  two  brothers,  Edward  and  Simon,  who  are 
Sole  Exors. 

Proved  29th  Dec.,  1643. 

Sum  £23  55.  4d. 


1644.  The  last  Will  of  Robarte  Tucker  of  Spreyton.  He 
leaves  his  children  William  and  Mary  2Os.  each,  payable  three 
years  after  his  death,  by  his  widow,  Tiiomasine  Tucker,  who 
is  residuary  legatee  and  Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  "i3th  Feby.,  ipth  Charrell." 

Proved  26th  April,   1644. 

Sum  £26  173.  4d. 


1 86  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1644.  Roger  Tucker  of  Luppitt,  Will,  nuncupative,  dated 
7th  June,  1643. 

To  daughter,  wife  of  Gervase  Burroughs,  £5  ;  to  her  two 
children,  Margery  and  Mary  Burroughs,  £5  each. 

To  grandchildren  John,  Jonathan,  Susanna,  Mary,  and  Ger- 
trude, children  of  son  James  Tucker,  £s  each. 

To  brother  Walter's  son,  John  Tucker,  2os. 

Residue  to  son  James,  who  is  Sole   Exor. 

Proved  at  Exeter,  May,   1644. 

NOTE. — This  Will  is  omitted  from  the  Calendars  of  the  Exeter 
District  Registry. 


1644.  Nuncupative  Will  of  Gilbert  Tooker  of  Kenne, 
1st  May,  1644. 

He  gives  "  one  ewe  sheep  apiece "  to  each  of  the  children 
of  his  sons  Edward  and  Peter,  and  of  his  son-in-law,  Roger 
Densham.  To  son  John  Tooker,  certain  furniture,  four  mat- 
tocks, a  bill-hook  and  a  hatchet.  To  son  Edward,  .£10.  To 
Grace,  daughter  of  said  son  Peter,  "  one  coffer." 

Residue  to  said  Peter  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Proved  3ist  May,   1644. 


1644.  The  last  Will  of  William  Tucker  of  Cadbury,  dated 
23rd  June,  1643. 

To  god-daughter  Joan,  55.,  and  to  the  other  children  of 
John  Carpenter,  is.  each. 

Legacies  to  sister's  children,  Henry  and  Grace  Bradford, 
and  to  "  Cousins  "  Henry  and  William  Tucker. 

Residue  to  cousin,  Peter  Tucker. 

Two  Trustees,  of  whom  "  Cousin   Henry  Bradford  "   is  one. 

Proved  22nd  Nov.,   1644. 

Sum  £71  95. 


1646.     Administration  to  the  effects  of  Robert  Mortimer  of 
Dunsford,  granted  to  his  wife,   Ursula,   13111  May,  1646. 
Sum  £78  55.  8d. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  187 

1646.  The  last  Will  of  Mary  Tucker,  Widow,  of  Poltimore, 
dated  July  27th,  1646. 

Mentions  sons  Robert,  William,  and  Valentine  Tucker, 
daughter  Mary,  wife  of  Roger  Druscombe,  and  her  daughter, 
Mary  Druscombe. 

Residue  to  daughter,  Elline  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  28th  Aug.,   1646. 


1646.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Tucker  of 
Tiverton,  granted  Oct.  2ist,  1646,  to  Agnes,  his  daughter, 
and  to  her  husband,  John  Gill. 

Inventory  made  by  "John  Tucker"  and  others. 


1647.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Tucker  of  Tedburn  St. 
Mary,  3ist  Jany.,  1646. 

35.  4d.  to  the  poor  of  the  parish,  on  the  day  of  his  funeral. 

Legacies  to  son  Robert,  and  grandchild  Bridget,  daughter 
of  said  son. 

Residue  to  wife,  Johan,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  26th  May,   1647. 

Sum  £6 1    i os.  4d. 


1647.  The  last  Will,  dated  3rd  Oct.,  1646,  of  John  Tucker 
of  Kenne,  Yeoman. 

Legacies  of  153.  to  poor  of  Kenne  and  Uartington. 

To  son  Henry,  all  goods,  &c.,  in  parish  of  Dartington. 

To  daughter  Amys  Ewen,  2Os.,  and  to  her  children  6s.  8d. 
each. 

Certain  furniture  in  the  hall  to  daughter-in-law  Elizb. 
Nosworthy. 

To  daughter  Mary  Tucker,  .£100  at  22  or  at  marriage, 
together  with  the  beds  and  other  furniture  in  the  new  cham- 
ber, two  pieces  of  plate  and  a  dozen  silver  spoons,  and  a 
dozen  best  pewter  dishes,  pots,  crocks,  and  the  andirons, 
brought  from  Dartington.  If  said  Mary  marries  without  the 


1 88  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

consent  of  her  mother,  or  dies  in  minority,  there  is  remainder, 
as  follows : — 

To  son  Henry,  ^40  and  a  piece  of  plate,  "  parsell  giltes," 
to  daughter  Amys  Ewens,  £40  and  a  piece  of  white  plate, 
and  £20  to  daughter  Elizabeth  Nosworthy. 

Residue  to  wife  Elizabeth,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  by  Executrix,  23rd  April,  1647. 

NOTE. — Inventory  shows  that  testator's  plate  consisted  of  "  2  sylver 
booles,  and  one  dozen  syllver  spoones,"  valued  at  ^7. 


1648.  \_CopyJ]  "Margaret  Tucker,  Tiverton,  July  I7th,  1646. 
Imprimis  I  give  unto  my  two  brothers,  Allen  Tucker  and 
John  Tucker,  IDS.  apiece.  Also  I  give  to  my  sisters,  Susan 
and  Elizabeth  Tucker,  10  poundes  apiece.  Item  I  give  unto 
Jane  Browne  ffive  poundes.  Item  I  have  made  my  lovinge 
ffather  mine  Executor. 

"  Margaret  Tucker." 
Witnesses — Robert  Coad. 

Humphry  Codner. 


1648.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Margaret  Tucker  of 
Tiverton,  deceased,  granted  2nd  Feby.,  1648,  to  Henry  Tucker, 
her  father. 


1648.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Tucker  of  Tiverton, 
Apothecary,  dated  3rd  Sept.,  1644. 

Leaves  to  "  the  minister  that  preacheth  my  ffuneral  sermon, 

XXs'" 

To  Allen,  John,  Susanna,  and  Elizabeth,  children  of  brother 
Henry  Tucker,  403.  each. 

"  I  make  my  Cousin,  Margarite  Tucker,  now  my  servant, 
eldest  daughter  to  my  brother  Henry,  residuary  legatee  and 
Sole  Executrix." 

Administration  granted  to  testator's  brother,  Henry  Tucker, 
2nd  Feby.,  1648. 

NOTE — Testator's  Will,  who  evidently  died  before  tytli  July,  1646, 
must  have  been  left  unproved  by  the  executrix  named  therein.  See  her 
own  will  ante. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  189 

1648.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  William  Tucker  of 
Tiverton,  granted  I4th  July,  1648,  to  Sara  Tucker,  alias 
Lakey,  his  relict. 

Sum  £2  6s. 


1649.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Alexander  Toker 
of  Stockley  English,  granted  I2th  July,  1649,  to  Henry 
"  Tooker,"  his  brother. 


1649.  The  last  Will  of  ...  Mortimore  (Andrew  ?)  of 
Upton  Helinge,  Husbandman,  dated  2Oth  Feby.,  i6th  James. 
He  gives  his  "wife"  the  residue  of  a  lease  of  rent-charge 
upon  property  in  Crediton  and  Cheriton  Fitz-Payne,  de- 
terminable  on  the  life  of  Thomas  Mortimore  ;  he  charges  it 
with  an  annuity  of  £5  to  son  John. 

Trustees — William  Bremebridge  and  William  Esworthy, 
with  6s.  8d.  each  for  their  trouble. 

Name  of  Exor.   omitted  ;  residue  undisposed   of. 

Witnesses— John  Passord,  Henry  Stogdon,  John  Hayman, 
Bartholomew  Goche. 

Administration  granted  i6th  July,  1649,  to  Christopher 
Payne,  the  husband  of  Agnes,  relict  and  executor,  de  jure, 
of  deceased,  called  "  Andrew  "  Mortimore.  of  Upton  Hellions, 
in  the  Calendars  of  the  district  registry,  and  who  had  died 
without  proving  her  father's  will. 

NOTE. — "  William  Bremebridge,"  the  trustee,  whose  family  name  is 
otherwise  variously  written  in  old  documents — Bremelrig,  Bremebrig, 
and  now  Bremridge,  was  "aged  21"  in  1598,  and  was  son  and  heir 
of  John  Bremridge  of  Bremridge  in  Sandford,  co.  of  Devon,  who  was 
thirteenth  in  descent  from  Robert  Bremridge  of  Bremridge,  AD.  1218, 
great-grandson  of  Drogo  Fitz-Mauger  of  Bradleigh,  and  Bremridge  its 
"parcel,"  sub-tenant  of  the  latter  manor  in  1087,  and  also  of  Brem- 
ridge in  South  Molton.  The  said  Drogo  Fitz-Mauger  was  son  of 
Mauger,  Earl  of  Arquois,  son  of  Richard  II.,  and  grandson  of 
Richard  I.,  Dukes  of  Normandy,  by  Gunnora,  sister  of  Herfast,  the 
Dane.  Bremridge  passed,  by  the  marriage  of  Anna  Maria,  daughter 
and  ultimate  heir  of  John  Bremridge  of  Bremridge,  with  Richard 
Melhuish  of  Poughill.  co.  Devon,  marriage  license  2oth  Nov.,  1775,  to 
her  son  Thomas  Melhuish  of  Poughill.  The  Bremridges  of  Exeter 
and  Winkleigh  are  a  younger  branch  of  this  ancient  family. 

Arms — Sa.,  a  chevron  between  3  crosslets,  or. 


1 9o  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1650.  The  last  Will,  nuncupative,  of  Francis  Tucker  of 
Exeter,  dated  i/th  Sept.,  1650.  He  gives  all  the  books  in 
his  study  to  his  brother  Lawrence.  "All  his  ready  money, 
and  whatsoever  he  has  in  his  box  to  his  kinswomen,  Mary 
and  Elizabeth  Mapowder,  daughters  of  Francis  Mapowder  of 
Exeter,  merchant. 

Admon.  granted  to  said  Mary  and  Elizabeth,  3<Dth  Sept., 
1650. 


1650.  The  last  Will  of  Edward  Mortimore  of  Bridford, 
dated  3rd  Aug.,  1650. 

He  leaves  to  the  poor  of  the  parish,  35.  4d.  To  eldest 
son,  Edward,  £40,  and  like  sums  to  sons  Abraham,  Nathaniel, 
and  Gilbert,  at  21,  and  to  daughter  Thomasine. 

Lease  of  ''  Townsend  living  "  in  Dunsford  to  wife  Elizabeth. 
Trustees,  "  my  good  friends  Thomas  Mortimer  of  Dunsford 
and  Gilbert  Mortimer  of  St.  Thomas." 

Residue  to  said  wife,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  6th  Sept.,  1650. 

Sum  £247   I2s.  4d. 


1651.  The  last  Will  of  Dorothy  Tucker  of  Thorverton, 
Widow,  dated  iQth  June,  1649.  Bequests  to  the  poor  of 
Thorverton  and  Shobrooke. 

She  leaves  her  daughters  Charity  Venne  of  Payhembury, 
Joan  Styling,  Agnes  Hughes  (Tiverton),  and  Marie  Kelland, 
£10  each. 

To  John,  son  of  son  Henry  Tucker  of  Stoke  Canon,  and 
to  the  latter's  other  children,  Lewis,  Elizabeth,  and  Dorothy, 
.£10  each  at  16.  Residue  to  Humphry  Thomas  of  Thorverton, 
who  is  Sole  Exor. 

By  the  Inventory  it  appears  that  Walter  Ciossc  owed 
testatrix  .£248  6s.  8d.,  and  also  £200 ;  Edmund  Browne  of 
Newton  St.  Cyres,  .£50. 

Proved  by  Executor  named,  3<Dth  May,   1651. 

Sum  £510  IDS. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  191 

1660.  The  last  Will  of  Roger  Tooker  of  the  city  of 
Exeter,  "In  holder,"  dated  I3th  Oct.,  1660.  Legacies  of 
.£100  to  sons  Hugh  and  Roger,  at  24. 

Residue  to  wife  Amy,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved    i8th  Dec.,  1660. 

NOTE. — Indorsed  "Roger  Curtis  Tooker." 


1661.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Henry  Tucker  of 
Cadbury,  granted  to  Christian,  his  widow,  I7th  Jany.,  1661. 

He  had  a  chattell  lease  of  a  close  of  land  and  a  house 
called  "  King's  House,"  in  parish  of  Tiveiton. 


1662.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Tucker  of 
Whimple,  granted  4th  Feby.,  1662,  to  Alice  Crutchett,  next 
of  kin. 


1662.  The  last  Will,  nuncupative,  of  Peter  Tooker  of  Kenn, 
Yeoman,  dated  28th  July,  1662. 

To  daughters  Margaret  Barter,  Grace  Lamb,  and  Joan 
Damarell,  .£5  apiece.  His  house  to  eldest  son,  Gilbert;  a 
meadow  to  son  Thomas. 

Residue  to  wife  Mary,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  22nd  Aug.,   1662. 

Sum  £75   1 8s.  4d. 


1664.  The  last  Will  of  William  Tucker  of  Tiverton,  Hus- 
bandman, dated  29th  Nov.,  1664.  To  son  Humphry  and 
daughter  Grace,  £50  each. 

Residue  to  son  William,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  7th  Dec.,  1664. 

Armorial  Seal,  in  red  wax — "an  antelope." 

Sum,  £145   i8s.   lod. 


1665.     Administration   to  the  effects  of  William  Tucker  of 
Axminster,  granted  to  Agnes  his  wife,  I7th  May,  1665. 
Sum,  £13  45. 


192  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1665.       Johanna    Tucker    of     Whitstone,     granted   to   Anne 
Kingwell,  her  daughter,  of  M orchard  Bishop,   I3th  June,   1665. 


1665.       Nicholas    Tucker    of   Plymtree,    to    Lucy,    his    relict, 
2Oth  Sept,   1665. 
Sum,  ,£23   145.  5d. 


1665.     The  last  Will  of  Elizabeth  Tucker  of  Kenn,  Widow. 

To  poor  of  Kenn,  2Os.  To  daughter  Mary,  wife  of  John 
Wright  of  Feniton,  a  silver  bowl.  To  grandchildren  Elizabeth, 
Philip,  and  Mary  Wright,  and  John,  Thomas,  and  David 
Nosworthy,  403.  each.  To  grandchild  Honor  Nosworthy, 
"  the  standing  bedstead  '  performed '  (i.e.,  perfect),  the  Spruce 
Chest,  the  table  board,  and  the  form,  all  standing  in  the 
new  chamber,  one  brass  pot  and  three  pewter  dishes." 
Similar  bequests  of  furniture  to  grandchildren  Mary  and 
Elizabeth  Nosworthy.  Mentions  daughter  Elizabeth  Nosworthy. 

Residue  to  John  Nosworthy,  the  elder,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved   2Oth  Oct.,   1665. 


1666.     A<1  ministration     to    the    effects    of  John    Tucker    of 
Tiverton,  granted   lOth   May,   1666,  to  Deborah,  the  widow. 
Sum,  ;£8   lOs. 


1667.  The  last  Will  of  Susanna  Tucker  of  Luppit,  Widow, 
dated  2Oth  July,  1657.  She  gives  her  leasehold  estate  called 
Rugpath,  and  her  best  petticoat,  to  her  son  John  Tucker. 
She  gives  son  Thomas  £90,  and  his  bed,  and  "  my  best  pot 
called  Thomazine's  pot  &  platter." 

To  son  Joseph,  his  bed  and  £90,  and  the  "  olde  pot." 
Further  bequests  to  daughters  Elizabeth  Wiet*  and  Rabbage 
Flood,  and  granddaughters  Elizabeth  Wiet  and  "  five  "  others, 
and  also  Stephen  Flood. 

Residue  to  son  John,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Proved    loth  April,   1667. 

Sum,  £415    1 8s.  6d. 

*  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Christopher  Wiet  of  Ottery  St.  Mary. 


DEVONSHIRE     IV ILLS.  193 

1667.     Administration  to  the  effects  of  Nicholas  Tucker  of 
Bampton,  granted    I2th  Sept.,   1667,  to  Margery,  his  relict. 


1667.       Inventory   of    Nicholas    Tucker,    made  I5th  March, 
1666. 

"Item  6  Steers  &  4  HefTers,  with  2  yerdings  ...  £30    o     o 

"36  Shcepe            1600 

"4  Pigs       300 

"  Corne  in  barne  ...          ...          ...          ...          ...  900 

"Bacon        300 

"Butter  &  Cheese            o  10     o 

"3  Horses  with  their  takelin* 9     o     o" 

Sum,  £145. 


1667.  The  last  Will  of  Mary  Tucker  of  Halberton,  Widow, 
dated  i6th  Oct.,  1667. 

Tenement  in  said  parish  to  son  Nicholas  Tucker  ;  certain 
furniture,  and  "  the  house  ladder,  hanging  over  John  Hancock's 
door." 

To  grandchildren  Anne  and  Rebecca  Tucker,  "  one  pewter 
dish  apiece,'"'  "  which  are  uppon  the  cupboard  in  the  parler." 

To  son-in-law  Christopher  Burton,  "  one  olde  tubbe  to  keep 
corn  in."  Mentions  grandchildren  Mary  and  Elizabeth  Burton, 
and  Mary  Martyn. 

Residue  to  son-in-law,  Robert  Martyn,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved   iSth  Nov.,   1667. 


1668.  The  last  Will  of  Susannah  Osmond  of  Tiverton, 
Widow,  Sept.  26th,  1668. 

To  kinsman  George  Osmond,  .£5.  To  James  Osmond,  405. 
Residue  to  "  kinsfolk  "  Elizb.  Ward,  and  Thomas  and  Elizb. 
Osmond,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

John  Osmond  a  Trustee. 

Proved  7th  Oct.,  1668. 

Sum,  £185   iis.  8d. 

*  1 1. 


194  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1668.  The  nuncupative  Will  of  Joseph  Tucker  of  Luppit, 
1st  Nov.,  1667. 

To  John  and  Elizabeth,  children  of  John  Flood  of  Broadway, 
co.  Somerset,  £12  each  at  21.  To  Susannah,  their  sister,  403. 
To  their  mother,  "  Rabetch  Flood  "  (Testator's  sister),  £14. 

To  brother  Thomas  Tucker,  to  sister  Elizabeth,  wife  of 
Christopher  Wyetr,  and  their  children  Elizabeth,  Christopher, 
John,  Susan,  and  Samuel  Wyett,  small  bequests  at  21. 

To  brother  John  Tucker,   los.  at  21. 

Residue  to  said  last-named  brother,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Proved   1 8th  Dec.,   1668. 


1669.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Maria  Mortimer  of 
Cheriton,  granted  6th  Oct.,  1669,  to  Thomas  Ward,  her  son. 
Thomas  Ward  of  Cheriton,  husbandman,  joins  the  bond. 


1669.      Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Mortimore  of 
Spreyton,  granted    I9th  March,    1669-70,  to   Alice,  his   wife. 


1669.  The  last  Will  of  John  Osmond  of  Willand,  dated 
25th  Sept.,  1669. 

He  assigns  a  legacy  "  left  him  by  Father  "  to  the  maintenance 
of  son  James  Osmond,  to  be  administered  by  brothers  George 
and  James  Osmond  as  trustees,  and  he  leaves  them  the  residue 
of  his  estate  in  trust  for  the  benefit  of  wife  Mary,  with 
remainder  to  nephew  James,  son  of  said  George  Osmond,  and 
James,  son  of  brother  Thomas  Osmond,  deceased. 

Witnesses,   Robert   and   Elizabeth   Dowdney. 

Administration  granted  to  testator's  said  brothers,  George 
and  James  Osmond,  I4th  Jany.,  1669. 

NOTE. — The  Dowdneys,  otherwise  Dewdeneys,  were  long  settled  at 
Doddiscombleigli,  and  more  recently  at  Stoke  Canon. 
Arms — Sable,  a  bund  erm.,  cotised  or. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  195 

1669.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Agnes  Tucker  of 
Tiverton,  granted  8th  Oct.,  1669,  to  Maria  Tucker,  her 
daughter. 


1670.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  William  Tucker  of  Halber- 
ton,  granted   I2th  Aug.,   1670,  to  Amy,  his  widow. 


1670.      "Amy"    (or    Anne)    Tucker    of    Halberton,    Widow, 
granted   i$th  Sept.,   1670,  to  Richard  Tucker,  her  brother. 


1670.  The  last  Will  of  Nicholas  Tucker  of  Westmeare  in 
parish  of  Tiverton,  I3th  Aug,  1667.  Legacies  to  children 
John,  Elizabeth,  Alice,  and  Margaret  Tucker,  Mary,  wife  of 
Stephen  Stone.  Special  bequest  to  Margaret,  "one  coffer, 
second  best  paire  of  Sheets,  and  one  dyaper  bord  cloth." 

Residue  to  children  James  and  Johan,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Kinsman  Thomas  Tidbolle,  trustee. 

Proved  9th  Sept,   1670. 

NOTE. — The  Tidboulds,  Tidbolles,  or  Tidballs,  are  an  old  Devon- 
shire family,  of  late  years  resident  at  Chulmleigh. 

Samuel  Tidball,  in  1613,  accepted  the  curacy  of  Ashburton,  and  was 
subsequently  Head  Master  of  the  Grammar  School.  Upon  the  death 
of  his  son-in-law,  Mark  Law,  who  had  married  his  daughter  Maria, apd 
had  succeeded  his  father,  Archdeacon  Law,  as  Vicar  of  Ashburton,  Mr. 
Tidball  was  himself  instituted  to  that  preferment  in  1644.  He  died  in 
1647. 

The  Will  of  his  son,  Samuel  Tidball,  gentleman,  dated  2oth  May, 
1666,  was  proved  in  the  Court  of  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Exeter, 
1 3th  July,  that  year. 


1670.  The  last  Will  of  John  Tucker  of  Tiverton,  Bachelor, 
dated  loth  Oct.,  1670. 

To  his  two  sisters  Mary  Tucker,  "  the  elder,"  and  Mary 
Tucker,  "the  younger,"  £20  each.  He  settles  an  estate  called 
"  Coomburlleys,"  in  said  paiish,  upon  the  sons  of  his  brother 
Philip,  and  their  heiis,  with  remainder,  in  default,  to  his  said 
two  sisters.  £$  to  be  spent  on  his  funeral. 

Residue   to  brother  William  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 


196  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

John  Harriett,  testator's  grandfather,  and  John  Burragc, 
serge  maker,  are  trustees. 

Admon.  granted  to  John  Burrage  and  John  Chilcott,  in 
minority  of  Exor.,  i/th  Jany.,  1670. 


1670.  The  last  Will,  nuncupative,  of  Francis  Osmond  of 
Halberton,  dated  23rd  July,  1670.  Mentions  sons  Robert, 
Abraham,  and  John,  daughters  Jone  and  Deborah,  and  grand- 
child Deborah  Lee.  Residue  to  said  sons,  and  to  Francis, 
their  brother,  and  to  daughter,  Deborah  Lte,  who  are  joint 
Exors. 

Proved  5th  Aug.,  1670. 


1670.  Administration  to  the  estate  of  James  Osmond, 
Gentleman,  of  Halberton,  granted  i6th  August,  1670,  to 
Susannah,  his  relict. 


1671.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Mortimore  of  Harp  ford, 
2 1st  Jany.,  1663. 

He  gives  wife  Ursula  certain  furniture,  and  "  that  cheare 
which  I  brought  away  from  Salterton." 

Bequests  to  Emmet,  wife  of  Robert  Harries  of  Exeter,  and 
to  their  daughter  Mary. 

To  Richard  and  Mary,  children  of  late  Richard  Mortimore, 
£2  55.  each. 

"To  the  clarke  to  toll  the  bell,  is    6d." 

"  To  the  bedman  for  his  paynes,  is."  To  the  poor,  is,  and 
to  the  poor  of  Newton  Poppleford,  is. 

Residue  to  John,  son  of  late  Richard  Mortimore,  who  is 
Sole  Exor. 

2Os.  to  be  spent  on  the  funeral. 

Witnesses,  John  Saiward  (Seaward),  Richard  Dagworthy, 
and  Jacob  Clarke. 

Proved  2nd  May,   1671. 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  197 

1671.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Mortymore  of  Bradninch, 
22nd  May,  1671.  He  doubles  a  bequest  of  2Os.  by  father, 
William  Mortymore,  in  favour  of  "  my  two  daughters,"  Elizb., 
wife  of  William  Maye,  and  Mary,  wife  of  Thomas  Hardinge. 

Mentions  grandchildren  John,  Joan,  and  Richard  Hardinge. 
Grandchild  Thomas  Venn,  "  a  Bible,  five  wagges  (wedges),  and 
a  thort  saw "  (cross-cut  saw).  Residue  to  grandchildren 
Thomas,  Agnes,  and  Amos  Venn,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved  by  trustees,  Robert  Salter  and  Thomas  Hardinge, 
7th  June,  1671. 


1671.     Administration  to  the  effects  of  William  Fry,  Yeoman, 
of  Upottery,  granted  28th  April,   1671,  to  Joan,  his  relict. 


1671.  The  last  Will  of  Robert  Mortimore,  of  Faringdon, 
ist  July,  1671. 

To  son  Robert,  "  my  brewing  kieve."  To  daughter  Hannah, 
"  a  standard,  and  one  pewter  dish."  To  daughter  Joan,  "  a 
bedstead  and  bed,  with  liberty  to  come  and  go  until  she  is 
married  or  dead."  Mentions  son  Thomas  and  daughters  Alice 
and  Hester.  Gives  house  and  garden  to  son  Henry,  and  makes 
him  residuary  legatee  and  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  2Oth  Oct.,   1671. 


1671.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  George  Tucker  of 
Shobrooke,  granted  3rd  Feby.,  1671,  to  Maria  Tucker,  his 
daughter. 


1672.  The  last  Will  of  Valentine  Tucker  of  Poltimore, 
8th  May,  1672.  To  poor  of  the  parish,  io/-.  Gives  daughter, 
Joan  Wilcocks,  an  interest  in  "  Tongington,"  in  parish  of 
Exminster.  Mentions  "  my  two  sons-in-law,"  Philip  and 
Amias  Wilcocks.  Residue  to  son  John,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  7th  Jany.,  1672. 

Sum,  £238   175.   icd. 


198  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1673.  The  last  Will  of  Robert  Tucker  of  Tedburn.  To 
son  Robert,  ^50.  To  children,  Bridget,  Elizabeth,  Johan, 
John,  Mary,  and  Peter  Tucker,  £20  each.  To  sons  Thomas 
and  Mark  Tucker,  the  tenement  called  Colly-Hay,  his  residence. 
Residue  to  wife  Bridget,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved    nth  April,   1673. 


1673.  The  last  Will  of  Nicholas  Osmond  of  Halberton, 
1 8th  Feby.,  1668.  To  poor  of  parish,  5<D/-.  Bequests  to 
daughters,  Elizb.  Osmond  and  Anne  Chamberlyn,  and  to 
latter's  son,  John  Chamberlyn.  To  brother,  Francis  Osmond  ; 
to  sister,  Sarah  Bennett  ;  to  Henry  Gold  the  elder  ;  and  to 
his  daughter,  Maudlyn  Gold.  Residue  to  son  Abraham  Os- 
mond, who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  2nd  June,  1673. 

Sum,  £245   I3s.    lod. 


1673.  The  last  Will  nuncupative  of  Michael  Osmond  of 
Halberton,  ist  Nov.  1672.  He  makes  his  wife  Joane,  his 
daughter,  Joane  Weber,  and  his  son,  Christopher  Osmond, 
joint  residuary  legatees  and  Exors. 

Trustees — Arthur  and  John  Kerslake. 

Proved   nth  July,  1673. 


1674.  The  last  Will  of  Christian  Tuker  of  Stokeintinhead, 
Widow,  8th  Feby.,  1673. 

She  gives  her  house  and  garden  to  Grace,  daughter  of 
brother  Abraham  Ladimer  (Latimer)  of  the  parish  of  St. 
Nicholas  (Shaldon).  Mentions  sister,  Amy  Lang,  and  gives 
Sara  Lang  "  one  gold  ring  which  was  her  grandmother's." 
To  Mary  Lang,  "  one  drawer  of  apills."  "  Cosin  "  (i.e.,  nephew) 
Abraham  Ladimer,  "George  Monk's  children,"  and  Joan  Poole, 
are  also  mentioned.  Residue  to  brother-in-law,  Thomas  Lang, 
who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved   1st  May,   1674. 


DEVONSHIRE     \VII.LS.  199 

1674.      Admon.    to    the    estate    of  Arthur  Tucker,    late   of 

St.  David's,  Exeter,  granted  26th  June,  1674,  to  Agnes  Blake, 
otherwise  Tucker. 


1674.      Admon.    to   the    estate    of    Matthew    Mortimore    of 
Christowe,  granted   I5th  Nov.,   1674,  to  Isot>  h's   relict. 


1674.  The  last  Will  of  Simon  Mortimer  of  Dunsford.  Gives 
£20  each  to  sons  Thomas  and  "  Symon,"  and  to  daughter 
Mary  Mortimer.  Mentions  brother  Gilbert  Mortimer,  son-in-law 
George  Mortimer,  and  sister-in-law  Amy  Potter.  To  grandson 
George  Mortimer,  £12.  Residue  to  wife  Ellinor,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved   24th   March,   1674. 


1675.  The  last  Will  of  George  Osmond  of  Broadclist, 
Yeoman,  ist  Det.,  1675.  To  son  James,  "  my  tenement  called 
Goosens"  at  21.  Residue  to  wife  Margaret,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved  Qth   Feby.,   1675. 


1678.  The  la.^t  Will  of  Agnes  Osmond  of  Halberton, 
Widow,  8th  Sept.,  1676.  Mentions  grandchildren,  Agnes 
Turner,  widow,  Thomasine  Turner,  Margt.  Turner,  Elinor, 
wife  of  Edward  Weeks,  Henry  and  Abraham,  sons  of  Henry 
Trent,  and  Joan,  wife  of  Henry  Trent.  Daughters  Joan,  wife 
of  Abraham  Turner,  and  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Edward  Hitchcocke. 
She  also  mentions  "  Elizabeth,  wife  of  John  Morrish,"  and 
Robert  Bragg. 

Residue  to  said  "  grandchild  "  Joan,  wife  of  Henry  Trent, 
who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  Thomas  Dowdney  and  Maudlyn  Gold. 

Proved   loth  June,  1678. 


200  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1679.  The  last  Will  of  Tobias  Tucker  of  Cheriton  Fitz- 
paine,  23rd  Dec.,  1679.  He  leaves  his  "  cosens "  Gilling, 
Elizabeth,  Mary,  and  Constance  Jones,  children  of  his  sister 
Elizabeth,  4O/-  each.  To  Thomasine  Easterbrook,  4O/-  ;  and 
to  "  brother's  two  children,"  4O/-  each.  To  Bartholomew 
Huish,  5/- ;  to  John  Huish,  senr.,  2O/-  and  the  "little  mare"; 
to  William,  son  of  John  Huish,  io/-.  To  godson,  Roger 
Glanfield,  io/-.  Funeral  to  cost  £4.  Residue  to  brother, 
Richard  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  6th  Jany.,   1679. 


1679.  The  last  Will  of  John  Tucker  of  Cleyhidon.  To  his 
two  daughters  Margt,  wife  of  George  Pocock,  and  Elizabeth, 
wife  of  Thomas  Somerhayes,  5/-  each. 

£160  to  be  raised  on  his  estate,  and  the  interest  paid  to 
daughter  Bridget,  wife  of  John  Seyman,  with  remainder  to 
her  sons,  John,  Edmond,  and  William  Sparke,  and  Nicholas 
Seyman.  To  son-in-law,  John  Troke,  I/-.  He  bequeaths  a 
debt  of  .£40,  due  to  him  from  George  Pocock,  to  his  grand- 
children, Elizabeth,  Joane,  Henry,  and  George  Pocock. 

And  a  debt  of  £10,  due  to  him  from  Thomas  Somerhayes, 
to  grandchild  Elizb.  Somerhayes.  To  grandchild  Alice  Troke, 
£5  at  21.  Residue  to  son  Nicholas  Tucker,  who  is  Sole 
Exor. 

Proved   5th  May,   1679. 


1679.  The  last  Will  of  Philip  Tucker  of  Tiverton,  i5th  Dec., 
1679.  To  Mary  Pullin  and  Mary  Webber,  leasehold  house 
and  garden  adjoining  the  Churchyard  gate. 

Residue  of  a  lease  of  a  house  in  occupation  of  William 
Chilcote,  to  "cosens"  Mary,  Agnes,  and  Susannah  Pullen  and 
their  issue,  for  a  term  of  2,000  years,  and  also  an  eighth  part 
of  "Way"  for  similar  term. 

To  brother,  William  Tucker,  io/-.  Residue  to  said  "cosen" 
Agnes  Pullin,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  2ist  Feby.,   1679. 

Admon.  granted  to  Petherick  Hopkins,  in  minority  of  Agnes 
Pullin,  2 1st  Feby.,  1679. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  201 

1679.  The  last  Will  of  Roger  Tucker  of  St.  Thomas,  by 
Exeter,  2Oth  Oct.,  1679.  To  the  poor  of  St.  Thomas  the 
Apostle,  3O/-. 

To  nephew  Henry,  son  of  late  George  Tucker  of  George- 
Nymet,  4O/-/.0.  The  will,  which  extends  over  two  sheets,  is 
filled  with  names  of  his  mere  acquaintance.  To  "  the  children  " 
of  his  "  mother's  sister  by  Thomas  Worthen  "  he  gives  £>g. 
To  Dorothy  Godfrey  "  the  remnant  of  white  woollen  cloth 
which  was  last  in  her  custody,  and  his  Bible."  Residue  to 
George,  son  of  said  brother,  George  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  26th  Feby.,   1679. 


1680.  The  last  Will  of  William  Tucker  of  St.  Thomas  the 
Apostle,  nigh  Exeter,  4th  Oct.,  1680. 

Bequests  to  brother  Thomas  and  his  child  ;  to  brother 
Anthony  and  his  wife  and  child ;  to  brother  Samuel  and 
sister  Joan. 

To    "cosen"    George,    son    of  George    Tucker,    £5    at    21 
Residue  to  brother,  George  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved   igth  Nov.,  1680. 


1680.     Administration    to    the    effects    of   Stephen    Tucker, 
late  of  Luppit,  granted  2ist  Oct.,  1680,  to  Anstis  his  wife. 


1680.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Mary  Mortimer  of 
Holcomb  Burnell,  granted  2ist  March,  1680,  to  Mary  Braggats 
Mortimore  her  daughter. 


1680.     Administration  to  the  effects  of  Harry  Mortimore  of 
Farringdon.  granted  5th  Oct.,  1 680,  to  Joan  his  wife. 


1680.  Aclmon.  to  the  effects  of  John  Mortimore  of  Thorver- 
ton,  granted  I2th  Jany.,  1 680-81,  to  John  Norrish,  their  uncle, 
for  the  benefit  of  Thomas  Mortimore  and  Lewis  Melhuish, 
brothers  of  deceased. 

Dyonisius  Melhuish  of  Thorverton  joins  the  bond. 


202  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1681.  Admon.  to  the  estate  of  Gilbert  Tucker  of  St.  Nicholas 
(Shaldon),  granted  22nd  Oct.,  1681,  to  his  daughter  Dorothy, 
wife  of  Thomas  Mudsre. 


1681.  The  last  Will  of  Johan  Tucker  of  St.  Thomas,  by 
Exeter,  Widow,  I4th  Dec.  1681. 

To  son  Thomas,  £$,  failing  his  life,  to  his  wife  and  to  his 
daughter,  Elizabeth  Tucker. 

To  son  George,  "  two  rumes  of  my  house,  to  vvitt  the  ground 
rume,  and  the  chamber  over,  and  halfe  of  the  garden  ploot, 
that  is  now  sett  with  the  saide  rumes." 

To  son  Anthony,  "  the  backer  chamber,  commonly  called 
the  chamber  over  the  pentline,  and  a  stable,  and  the  other 
halfe  of  saide  garden." 

To  son  Samuel,  "  the  other  tenement,  with  a  garden  ploot, 
the  same  size  as  George  and  Anthony's,  and  they  to  have  a 
piece  of  ground  apiece  to  build  a  pig's  stye  on." 

Residue  to  daughter  Johane,  who  is  Sole   Executrix. 

Proved   loth  Jany.,   1681. 


1 68 1.  The  last  Will  of  George  Osmond  of  Halberton, 
June  6th,  1681,  Yeoman.  To  the  poor,  io/-. 

To  son  James,  £10,  and  the  "silver  salt." 

To  son  George,  a  tenement  called  "  Shilcrofr,"  and  certain 
furniture. 

To  son  Philip,  £200,  and  a  "  little  desk." 

To  daughter  Welthian,  £120. 

Residue  to  wife  Welthian,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  2Oth  Sept.,  1681. 

Sum,  £427  2s.  4d. 


1681.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Andrew  Osmond,  late  of 
the  City  of  Exeter,  granted  I4th  Oct.,  1681,  to  Edward 
Bampfield,  principal  creditor. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  203 

1682.  The  last  Will  of  John  Tucker  the  elder,  of  the  parish 
of  Holy  Trinity,  and  City  of  Exeter,  dated  6th  May,  1682. 
House  and  Garden,  mortgaged  to  John  Tucker,  merchant,  to 
son,  John  Tucker.  Mentions  "  three  daughters."  Residue  to 
wife  Rebecca,  and  son  Morris  Tucker,  they  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved  pth  June,   1682. 


1682.  Induction.  Mandate  from  "Thomas,"  the  Bishop,  to 
the  Archdeacon  of  Exeter  (Dr.  Edward  Lake),  to  induct 
Nicholas  Tucker,  clerk,  to  the  Rectory  of  Hittesleigh,  loth  June, 
1682. 

NOTE. — "  Thomas,"  Lord  Bishop  of  Exeter,  was  Dr.  Thomas  Lam- 
plugh,  he  became  Archbishop  of  York,  Nov.,  1688.  "Dr.  Edward  Lake," 
was  the  son  of  an  Exeter  clergyman  ;  born  1642,  at  first  of  VVadham 
C«.»ll.,  Oxford,  but  graduated  at  Cambridge.  He  became  attached  to 
the  household  of  the  Duke  of  York  in  1670,  and  was  chaplain  and 
tutor  to  the  princesses  Mary  and  Anne,  afterward  Queens  of  England. 
He  was  present  at  the  marriage  of  the  former  with  her  cousin,  the 
Prince  of  Orange,  subsequently  William  III.,  and  left  in  his  diary  a 
curious  account  of  the  ceremony  which  was  solemnized  in  the  bed- 
chamber of  the  princess  at  St.  Jamts'  Palace,  at  9  o'clock,  on  the  night 
of  Nov.  4th,  1677,  after  a  formal  engagement  of  fourteen  days. 
Dr.  Lake  died  in  London,  ist  Fc-hy.,  1704,  and  was  buried  in  the 
church  of  St.  Katherine,  Tower  Hill. 


1682.  The  last  Will  of  William  Tucker  of  Cheriton  Fitz- 
Paine,  nth  June,  1678.  He  leaves  £4  to  daughter  Margaret 
Sharlen.  Residue  to  son  Simon,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved   23rd   Oct.,  1682. 


1682.  The  last  Will  of  Henry  Glover  of  Tiverton,  26th 
Feby.,  1682.  He  leaves  his  four  children,  William,  Thomas, 
Thomazine,  and  Mary,  ,£4  each.  Residue  of  real  estate  to 
wife  Thomazine,  for  benefit  of  said  children.  Residue  of 
personality  to  son  Thomas  "Glover  alias  Tucker,"  who  is 
Sole  Exor. 

Proved  2ist  March,  1682. 

Sum,  £279  7s.  6d. 


204  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1683.  The  last  Will  of  William  Mortimore  the  elder,  of 
Tiverton,  22nd  August,  1682.  "To  William  Mortimore's  wife 
my  three  gold  rings."  To  son,  John  Mortimore,  "  one  sylver 
spoone."  Residue  to  sons,  William  and  John  Mortimore,  who 
are  joint  Exors.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in  Crediton 
Churchyard. 

Proved   i6th  May,  1683. 

Oval  seal  in   black   wax — charged  with  a  fleur-de-lys. 


1683.      Administration    to    the    effects    of   John    Tucker    of 
Thornecombe,    granted    24th    April,    1683,    to   Joan    his   relict. 
Inventory  of  above,  made   7th    Nov.,    1682  : — 
"Item   5  cows         ...  ...  ...  ...£i$ 

„      3  heifers      ...  ...  £7 

„      2  fatt  cows...  ...  ...  ...  £9     5 

„      2  yearling  heifers      ...  ...  ...  £2 

„      One  mare  and  takeling  belong    to  lier...  .£3 

„      2  Piggs        ...  ...  ...  ...   £2   1 6." 


1683.  John  Tucker  of  Newton  St.  Cyres,  July  loth,  1683. 
He  leaves  his  wife  Joan  an  annuity  of  5o/-.  Residue  for 
the  benefit  of  his  children,  Joan,  Mary,  Francis,  and  John,  in 
trust  to  brother,  Nicholas  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  Sept.    nth,    1683. 


1683.     Inventory  of   the  effects  of   John   Tucker  of  Wood- 
leigh,   in    the    parish  of  Newton    St.    Cyres,   made    by    Walter 
Tucker  and  others,    i6th  July,    1683. 

"Imprimis  his  purse   and    apparel      ...  ...^4 

Item   one   mare   with   his  furniture  ...  ..  ,£3 

„      2  Bullocks  ...  ...  ...  ..-,£5   10 

„      One  little  nursery     ...  ...  ...£i    10 

„      3  young  piggs  ...  ...j£i 

„      i   littel   plot  of  wheat  with  the  cabbage 

plants,  carrots  &  beans      ...  ..  £2 

„      All  the  apples  ...  ...  ...£2     5 

„      3    brasse    crockes,    3    brasse    panns,    & 

3    brass    kettles    ...  ...  •  ••£$   19." 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  205 

1683.  The  last  Will  of  John  Tucker  of  Brampford  Speke. 
To  the  poor  of  the  parish  and  to  the  "  reparashion  "  of  the 
parish  church,  3/4.  He  leaves  certain  bedding,  with  liberty 
to  reside  in  his  house,  to  beloved  wife  Thomazine.  Small 
legacies  to  daughter  Mary  Sowdon,  and  to  her  children 
Henry  and  Mary  Sowdon.  Residue  to  daughters  Alice  and 
Elizabeth  Tucker,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved  28th   Nov.,   1683. 


1684.  Richard  Tucker  of  Halberton,  bequeaths  his  "body 
to  the  earth  from  which  it  was  extracted."  He  devises 
leasehold  property  at  "Five  Bridges"  to  son  Nicholas,  and  £5 
to  son  Thomas.  Mentions  "  sister,  Blackmore,"  and  sister, 
"  Prudence  Snow."  Residue  to  wife  Rebecca,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Brother   Nicholas  Tucker  a  trustee. 

Dated    I2th   Sept.,    1684. 

Proved   i/th  March,   1684-85. 


1684  The  last  Will  of  Samuel  Osmond  of  Broadclist, 
Yeoman,  dated  ist  May,  1684.  2O/-  to  poor  for  bread,  and 
2C/-  to  poor  labourers.  To  wife  Thomasine  certain  furniture  ; 
to  brother  John  Osmond,  to  sister  Mary  Palmer,  and  to 
cousin  Jane  Osmond,  ^5  each.  To  sister  Wilmot  Walker, 
and  to  Samuel  Walker,  her  son,  5<D/-.  Residue  to  mother, 
Catherine,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved    loth  May,    1684. 


1684.  The  last  Will  of  Abraham  Mills  of  Halberton, 
otherwise  Osmond,  23rd  March,  1683.  To  the  poor  "twenty 
dusson  of  bread."  Mentions  brother-in-law,  George  Northcote, 
"  To  the  parson  that  preaches  my  funeral  sermon  2O/-." 
Small  bequests  to  Hannah  Hookins,  Margt.  Hill,  Thomas 
Rogers  and  Thomas  Halkwill.  To  sister  Elizabeth,  a  pair  of 
gloves.  Residue  to  wife  Joan,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses — John  and   George   Northcote. 

Proved    i/th   April,    1684. 


206  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1685.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Richard  Mortimore,  late 
of  Harpford,  deceased,  granted  pth  March,  1685,  to  his  relict 
Margaret  Dagworthy  alias  "  Mortymer,"  now  wife  of  Richard 
Dagworthy. 

NOTE. — The  Inventory  shows  that  deceased  died  4th  Sept.,  1658 
(twenty-seven  years  previously),  and  left  personal  estate  valued  at 
^109  los.  6d. 


1685.  Bernard  Tucker  of  Southleigh,  Husbandman,  2ist 
May,  1685.  Mentions  children  John,  Thomas,  and  Grace. 
Residue  to  wife  Mary,  who  is  Sole  Executdx. 

Proved  23rd   Sept.,    1685. 


1686.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Tucker  of  Southleigh, 
"old  &  stricken  in  years,"  2 1st  July,  1682.  Leaves  certain 
furniture  to  wife  Judith.  Legacies  to  son  Charles  and  his 
children  Charles  and  Jane;  to  son  Thomas  and  his  child 
John  Tucker;  to  daughter  Elizb.,  wife  of  Win.  French,  and 
to  her  son,  Thomas  French  ;  to  grandson  James,  son  of 
James  Tucker,  deceased.  Residue  to  son  and  daughter, 
Richard  and  Barbara,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Witness — Bernard  Tucker. 

Proved  2Oth  April,  1686. 


1686.  Humphry  Tucker  of  Pinhoe,  nigh  Exeter,  desires 
to  be  buried  in  the  parish  yard.  To  son  Humphry  (married 
to  "  Elizabeth  "),  leasehold  tenement  at  "  Southley  alias  Sowlee," 
"  known  by  the  name  of  Holster."  Residue  to  daughter 
Emline,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   i6th  April,   1686. 


1686-87.  Will,  nuncupative,  dated  26th  Nov.,  1686,  of 
Elizabeth  Tucker  of  Brampford  Speke,  Spinster,  ^5  to  poor, 
and  a  like  sum  to  sister  Mary  Sowdon's  four  children.  To 
sister  Alice  Tucker,  a  field  called  Cross  Park.  Residue  to 
mother,  Thomazine,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  by  Executrix,  4th  Feby.,    1686-87. 


DE  VON  SHI  RE     WILLS.  207 

1687.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Joanna  Tucker  of  Thorne- 
combe,  daughter  of  John  Tucker,  deceased.  Granted  nth  April, 
1687,  to  Joan  Tucker,  her  mother. 

Sum,  £$2   i8s.    5|d. 


1687.  Gilbert  Tucker  of  Honiton,  pth  Nov.,  1686,  leaves 
grandchildren  Gregory,  John,  and  Elizabeth  Oke,  I/-  each 
at  21.  Residue  to  daughter  Elizabeth,  wife  of  John  Oke,  who 
is  Sole  Executrix.  To  be  buried  in  Honiton  Churchyard. 

Sum,  £i    IQS.  3d. 

Proved  2nd  Feby.,   1687. 


1687.  The  last  Will  of  George  Moitimore  of  the  City  and 
County  of  the  City  of  Exeter,  i6th  Feby.,  1687.  He  recites 
a  marriage  settlement  by  which  a  moiety  of  "  Gibbs,"  situate 
at  Witnell  in  County  of  Somerset,  has  been  granted  to 
daughter  Elizb.  Bowden,  and  he  bequeaths  the  other  moiety 
to  daughter  Deborah  Mortimore,  together  with  the  sum  of 
£190,  a  silver  tankard,  and  silver  porringer.  Bequests  to 
Jonathan,  Elizabeth,  and  Deboiah  Bowden,  children  of  said 
daughter  Elizb.,  and  to  brother  Antony  Mortimore  and  his 
"children."  To  Elizabeth  Blackaller,  io/-. 

Residue  to  said  daughters,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved    I5th  March,   1687. 


1687.  The  last  Will  of  Symon  Mortimer  of  Dunsford,  to 
nephew  Symon,  son  of  Abraham  Shilston  of  said  parish,  and 
to  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  brother  Thomas,  I/-  each. 

Residue  to  daughters  Ellinor  and  Dorothy,  who  are  joint 
Exors. 

Remainder  to  children  of  brother-in-law,  Nicholas  Payne, 
and  of  Mary,  wife  of  brother-in-law,  Wm.  Shilhton,  "my 
sister." 

Witnesses — John  Peddericke,  Wilmett  Hammett,  and  John 
Davy. 

Proved   nth  Nov.,  1687. 

Armorial  Seal — 3  Estoiles. 


2o8  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1687.  Will,  nuncupative,  of  Thomas  Osmond,  late  of  Tiver- 
ton,  "  who  died  on  St.  Stephen's  day,  last  past." 

To  eldest  son,  Thomas,  "  best  coat  &  best  hatt,  best 
stockings  &  shoes  &  I/-."  To  second  sou,  George,  "close 
bodyed  coat  &  I/-."  To  son  Peter,  "best  breeches  &  I/-." 
Residue  to  wife  Joan,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   I2th  April,   1687. 


1688.     Administration    to    the    effects    of    Peter    Tucker   of 
Cadbury,  granted    i8th    May,    1688,  to   William  his  son. 


1688.  The  last  Will  of  Welthyan  Osmond  of  Hearn,  in 
the  parish  of  Halberton,  Widow.  To  son  George  and  his 
three  children,  Thomas,  Elizabeth,  and  Joan,  £$  each.  To 
son  Philip,  .£5  ;  to  daughter  Welthyan,  £60.  To  the  poor, 
2O/-.  Residue  to  son  James  Osmond,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  3rd  May,   1688. 


1688.  The  last  Will  of  Nicholas  Tucker  of  St.  Thomas  the 
Apostle,  nigh  Exeter,  Schoolmaster.  To  sister,  Mary  Bicknell, 
5s.  To  son  Thomas,  the  lease  of  the  schools,  and  to  Mary, 
Joan,  and  Agnes  Tucker,  children  of  said  Thomas,  £2  los. 
each.  Legacies  to  daughter  Mary  Rugg,  and  her  children 
Mary  and  Thomas. 

Residue  to  wife  Agnes,  who  is  Sole  Executrix.  Dated 
I7th  April,  1688.  Latter  to  have  disposal  of  goods  if  she 
remains  unmarried,  but  he  wishes  his  children  to  have  the 
"  benefit  of  that  which  he  hath  carefully  gotten." 

Proved   3rd   Sept.,    1688. 


1689.  The  last  Will  of  James  Tucker  of  Tiverton,  dated 
I7th  March,  1688-89.  His  body  to  be  "decently  buried, 
according  to  the  computation  of  the  Church  of  England." 
His  "  wearing  cloths  "  to  his  brother  Roger  Tucker. 

Residue  to  wife  Ann,  and  daughter  Sarah,  who  are  joint 
Exors. 

Proved   i6th  April,  1689. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  209 

1689.     Admon.  to  the  effects    of  Lewis    Tucker   of   Exeter, 
granted  9th  Sept.,   1689,  to   Dorothy,  his  widow. 


1689.  Dorothy  Osmond  of  Uplowman,  Widow,  3Oth  Oct., 
1689.  Legacies  to  son-in-law  James  Osmond,  and  to  Agnes 
his  wife,  and  to  Edward  and  Piiscilla,  their  children. 

To  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Thomas  Osmond,  "one  suit  of 
apparel  which  I  did  usually  weare  Saboth  dayes." 

To  Mary,  wife  of  Robert  Heard,  "  my  best  cloth  pettycote." 
To  Mrs.  Ann  Calwoodleigh,  2O/-. 

Residue  to  "  my  friend,"  Mrs.  Thomasine  Calwoodleigh, 
who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  8th  Nov.,  1689. 

NOTE. — "  Mrs.  Ann  Calwoodleigh,"  baptized  at  Uplowman,  1662, 
was  daughter  of  James,  and  sifter  of  John  Calwoodleigh,  buried  at 
Uplowman,  May,  1663. 

The  descent  of  these,  doubtful  as  regards  legitimacy,  is  recorded  in 
the  Herald's  Visitations  of  Devonshire,  and  is  traced  to  John  C.  of 
"  Calwoodleigh,"  pronounced  and  now  written  Calverleigh,  who  married 
a  daughter  of  John  Floyer,  early  in  the  i5th  century.  The  younger 
branch  removed  from  Padstow  to  London. 

Arms  of  Calwoodleigh  of  Calverleigh — "  Az.  two  wings,  conjoined, 
Arg.  surmounted  by  a  fess,  Gu.  thereon  3  bezants." 


1690.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Tooker  of  Dunsford, 
5th  Oct.,  1687. 

Bequests  to  sons  Robert  and  Nicholas,  daughter  Elizabeth, 
and  grandchildren  Robert  and  Margaret  Tucker. 

Residue  to  wife  Elizabeth,   who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  /th  March,  1690. 


1690.  Nicholas  Tucker  of  Halberton,  26th  Dec,  1689. 
Bequests  to  children  Andrew,  Nicholas,  and  Anne.  Half  of 
goods  to  wife  Rebecca.  Eldest  daughter,  Rebecca,  "  to  be 
sole  executrix  of  everything,  in  doors  and  out." 

Residue   undisposed  of. 

Proved  6th   May,    1690. 


210  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1690.  The  last  Will  of  Sarah  Osman  of  Exeter,  "  single 
woman."  Bequests  of  I/-  to  brother-in-law  Abraham  Seely, 
and  to  his  children  Abraham,  Peter,  Elizb.,  and  Joan  Seely. 
£4  to  brother  John  Osman's  children.  To  sister  Hannah 
Seely,  "all  my  cloathes." 

Residue  to  said  brother,  John  Osman,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 
Dated  28th  June,  1689. 

Witness — Elizb.   Follett. 

Proved  2/th  Sept.,   1690. 


1690.     Admon.   to  the  effects  of  William   Fry  of  Silverton, 
granted   i$th  Aug.,   1690,  to  Dorothy  his  relict. 


1691.  The  last  Will  of  Johan  Tucker  of  Poltimore,  Widow, 
2Oth  Dec.,  1690.  She  divides  her  property  amongst  her 
children  Amos  and  Philip  Wilcocks,  and  grandchildren  Mary 
and  Johan,  Roger  and  Isaac  Wilcocks.  Bequests  to  son-in- 
law  John  Tucker,  and  to  kinswoman  Ann  Harris. 

Residue  to  Philip,  son  of  Philip,  and  Elizabeth,  daughter 
of  Amos  Wilcocks,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Admon.  to  Amos  and  Philip  Wilcocks,  sons  of  Testatrix, 
in  minority  of  Exors. 

Granted  29th  May,   1691. 


1691.     Administration  to  the  effects  of    Richard    Tucker   of 
St   Thomas,   granted   25th   Aug.,    1691,   to   Jane   his   wife. 


1691.  The  last  Will  of  Jone  Osmond  of  Tiverton,  Widow, 
1 6th  Jany.,  1690.  Mentions  sons  Peter,  Thomas,  and  George 
Osmond,  grandchildren  Robert  and  William  Osmond. 

Residue  to  daughter  Alice  Daley,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  22nd  Dec,  1691. 


1-692.  William  Tucker,  the  elder,  of  Axminster,  Yeoman, 
Dec.  2Oth,  1690.  To  wife  Armonell,  land  in  Stockland  and 
Dal  wood. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  211 

To  daughters  Joane  Callard,  Bridget  Liddon,  and  Elinor 
Nevvberry,  £20  each.  To  "all  his  grandchildren,"  £10  each; 
William  and  Richard  Newberry  only  excepted.  The  latter 
to  have  reversion  of  a  cottage  and  meadow  in  Dalwood,  for 
residue  of  a  term  of  2,000  years. 

Cousin  Elizb.  Haydon,  £5  ;  wife's  sister's  daughter,  Joane 
Davy,  £2  25. 

He  settles  all  the  land  in  Stockland  and  Dalwood  upon  his 
son  William  Tucker  and  his  issue  male,  with  remainder  to 
the  children  of  Matthew  Callard  and  Joane  his  wife,  of  Robert 
Liddon  and  Bridget  his  wife,  and  Richard  Newberry  and 
Elinor  his  wife. 

2O/-  to  the  poor  of  the  aforesaid  three  parishes  respectively. 

To  brother  and  sister's  children,  2/6  each. 

Residue  to  son  William,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved   iQth  April,  1692. 


1692.  John  Tucker  of  Southleigh,  Husbandman,  24th  Sept., 
1692. 

Bequests  to  wife  Mary,  to  "  cosen "  Charles  Tucker,  to 
"  cosen "  Thomas  ;  brother  Thomas'  son  ;  to  cousins  John, 
Thomas,  and  Grace,  children  of  brother  Bernard  T.,  John, 
son  of  cousin  Thomas  Tucker.  To  Richard,  son  of  said 
brother  Thomas,  a  tenement  called  "Mount  Drake"  in  Mus- 
bury.  Residue  to  cousin,  Margt.  Phillips,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved  23rd  Jany.,  1692. 


1692.  The  last  Will  of  Joseph  Fry  of  Axminster,  April, 
1692.  Mentions  late  wife  Eleanor  Howse,  and  her  children 
Eleanor  and  Rebecca. 

Residue  to  second  wife,  Mary,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   I9th  April,  1692. 


1693.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  James  Osmond  of  Halberton, 
granted  23rd  Sept.,  1693,  to  George  Osmond,  his  brother. 


212  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1693.  The  last  Will  of  John  Tucker  of  Broadclist,  loth  Aug., 
1692. 

Bequests  to  daughter  Mary  West,  and  to  her  children,  sons 
and  daughters  of  Matthew  West,  Mary,  John,  Elizb.,  Richard, 
and  Robert  West. 

Residue  to  son  John  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  4th  May,  1693. 


1694.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  William  Osmond, 
late  of  Silverton,  deceased,  granted  nth  June,  1694,  to  Mary 
Nicks,  alias  Osmond,  his  relict. 


1694.  The  last  Will  of  George  Osmond  of  Tiverton.  Be- 
quests to  sisters  Mary  Glass  and  Allis  Hill,  to  "cosens"John 
and  Thomas  Hill.  To  Peter  Osmond  and  his  sons  Robert 
and  William.  To  Thomas  Osmond,  Autrey  (Ottery),  and  to 
his  son  Thomas.  To  George  Osmond,  Allis  Daley,  Mary 
Sellack,  and  to  Thomas  Daley's  son,  John. 

Residue  to  wife  Katherine,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  6th  Dec.,  1694. 


1694,  The  last  Will  of  Mary  Fry,  Widow,  of  Axminster. 
She  leaves  a  bequest  to  "  the  most  ancient  poor  of  the  said 
parish." 

Residue  to  "  brother-in-law "  John  Brewer,  "  who  married 
my  own  sister."  He  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  8th  Aug.,  1694. 


1694.      Marie    Berry    of  Tiverton.      Administration    granted 
1st  June,   1694,  to  her  husband  John    Berry. 


1695.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Richard  Tucker  of  St. 
Thomas,  granted  nth  March,  1695,  to  Jane  Tucker,  his 
sister-in-law. 


DEVONSHIRE    WILLS.  213 

1695.  The  last  Will  of  Jane  Tucker  of  St.  Thomas, 
Widow,  6th  July,  1695.  To  eldest  son,  Zacharias  Tucker, 
£1$.  Bequests  to  son  James  and  daughter  Jane.  Residue 
to  son  Richard  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 


1695.  Admon.  of  above,  granted  nth  March,  1695,  to 
Jane  Tucker,  daughter-in-law  of  testatrix  ;  Exor.  named 
therein,  brother  of  Administratrix,  having  deceased. 


1696.     Admon.    to    the    effects  of  Richard   Mortimore    late 
of  Ailsbeare  ;  granted   2gth   Dec.,    1696,  to  Mary  his  wife. 


1696.  The  last  Will  of  Tristram  Tucker  of  Brampford 
Speke,  1 7th  April,  1696.  Mentions  his  daughter  Hannah, 
her  husband  John  Gale,  and  their  children,  John,  Samuel, 
Hannah,  and  Mary  Gale,  and  leaves  the  latter  a  silver  spoon 
each  at  21. 

Son-in-law  John  Hooper,  I/-,  and  sons  John  and  Tucker 
Hooper,  and  daughter  Grace  Hooper. 

Son-in-law  John  Dennis  and  his  children  James,  Elizabeth, 
and  Mary  Dennis,  "  I  silver  spoon  apiece." 

To  ten  poor  husbandmen,  I4d.  each,  "  to  be  paid  on  the 
23rd  June  next  after  my  decease." 

Residue  to  daughter  Sara  Dennis,  who  is   Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   5th   March,   1696-97. 

NOTE. — This  Will  is  omitted  from  the  calendars.  Testator  left  nine 
silver  spoons,  valued  at  ^2  55.  Total  sum  of  personality,  ^44  izs.  4d. 


1696.  The  last  Will  of  William  Tucker  of  Tiverton,  dated 
nth  March,  1695.  Mentions  wife  Thomazine,  son  Richard, 
and  his  children  Richard  and  Theophilus.  Son-in-law  Thomas 
Burton,  and  his  daughter  Sidwell  Burton,  the  latter  to  have 
"  my  warming  pan." 

Son  John  and  his  children  William,  John,  Wilmot,  Mary, 
and  Richard,  2O/-  each. 

Residue  to  said  son  John,  who  is   Sole  Exor. 

Proved   I4th  May,   1696. 


214  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1697.  The  last  Will  of  Grace  Tucker  of  Southleigh,  Spinster, 
29th  May,  1696.  She  divides  her  household  goods  between 
her  brothers  Thomas  and  John,  and  leaves  them  two  small 
debts  due  to  her  from  "  cousin  Thomas  Tucker,"  and  "  Gideon 
Phillips,  his  wife." 

"Also  I  give  to  Joice  Dawley  my  best  white  whittle,  my 
best  say  apron,  my  searge  coate,  and  one  of  my  best  chaires. 

"  Also  to  Charity  Wislade,  my  best  halt,  and  best  stiffen 
waistcoat 

"  To  sister,  Rachel  Tucker,  my  largest  red  whittle,  and  to 
Elizabeth  Phillips,  who  formerly  lived  with  me,  my  best  Bible, 
&  cotton  whittle ;  also  to  Mary  Clarke,  my  old  clothen  coat 
and  waistcoat,  and  my  second  best  hatt" 

Residue  of  her  various  garments  to   sister  Jane  Tucker. 

General  residue  to  brother  John  Tucker,  aforesaid,  who  is 
Sole  Exor. 

Proved  2/th  April,   1697. 


1697.  Ralph  Tucker  (no  parish  mentioned,  but  refer  to 
Will  of  John  Tucker  of  Broadclist,  proved  May,  1693). 
Mentions  Elizb.  Newberry,  Joan  Lane,  grandchildren  William 
and  Mary  West,  and  wife  Joan. 

Residue  to  son  Ralph,  who  is  Sole  Exor.  Dated  5th  June, 
1697. 

Proved  25th  June,    1697. 


1698.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Tucker  of 
Newton  St.  Cyres,  granted  8th  March,  1698,  to  Joan,  now 
wife  of  William  Collins,  but  formerly  of  deceased. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  Will  of  John  Tucker  of  Newton  St.  Cyres,  proved 
Sept.  nth,  1683,  by  Exor.  Nicholas  Tucker  in  trust  for  wife  and 
children.  The  above  was,  of  course,  a  second  Admon. 


1698.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Sarah  Tucker  of  "  Loopitt," 
granted  nth  June,  1698,10  Betty  and  Susanna  Lowman,  her 
nieces. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  215 

1698.      Admon.    to    the    effects    of    Symon    Mortimore    of 
Dunsford,  granted    3rd    Aug.,    1698,   to   Thomasine   his    wife. 


1699.  The  last  Will  of  Nicholas  Tucker  of  South  Tavvton, 
9th  Sept.,  1697. 

After  the  expiration  of  a  life  interest  by  Cressett  his  wife, 
and  Joan  his  daughter,  he  settled  the  fee  simple  of  a  house 
and  garden  in  Tawton  town,  upon  his  son  Simon  Tucker,  with 
remainder  to  the  "  right  heir  of  him,  the  said  Simon,  in  the 
name  of  the  Tuckers  for  evermore." 

To  sons  Christopher  and  Joseph,  £$  each.  To  "  grandson," 
£$  at  21.  To  grandchildren  Susannah  and  Joane  Tucker, 
5/-  each  ;  to  Mary  Weekes,  5/-. 

Residue  to  said  children,  Simon  and  Joan  Tucker,  who  are 
joint  Exors. 

Proved    3 1st   March,    1699. 


1700.  The  last  Will  of  Nicholas  Tucker  of  Halberton  ; 
dated  2ist  June,  1600.  To  grandchild  Mary,  daughter  of 
Margaret  Tucker  by  Thomas  Elvvorthy,  and  to  other  grand- 
daughters by  said  Thomas,  4<D/-  each.  To  grandchildren 
James  Vynecombe,  2O/-,  and  Izaac  Salter,  4O/-. 

To  the   son   and    daughter   of  son    William   Tucker,   4O/-. 

Residue  to  said  son  William,  and  daughter  Margaret  Vyne- 
combe, who  are  joint  Exors. 

Two  Trustees,  viz.,  Wm.  Elworthy  and  his  son  Thomas 
Elworthy. 

Proved   ist  July,  1700. 


1702.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Edmond  Tucker  of  Netherex  ; 
granted  26th  Feby.,  1702,  to  Elizabeth  Tucker,  his  relict. 


1702.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Nathaniel  Mortimore, 
late  of  Bridford,  granted  3rd  Feby.,  1702,  to  Susanna  Morti- 
more, widow.  Wm.  Mortimore,  of  Bridford,  joins  the  bond. 


216  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1702.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  John  Mortimore  of  Bridford, 
granted  3rd  Feby.,  1702,  to  Susannah  Mortimore  his  mother. 
Wm.  Mortimore  joins  the  bond. 


1702.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Osmond  of  Uplowman, 
1 8th  Feby.,  1701.  He  leaves  property  in  Uplowman  and  in 
Clisthidon,  subject  to  certain  charges  in  favour  of  daughter 
Isot,  to  wife  Mary  Osmond. 

He  divides  other  property  between  sons  Thomas,  Richard, 
John,  Francis,  and  Robert.  Residue  to  wife  Mary,  who  is 
Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  27th  Oct.,  1702. 


1704.  The  last  Will  of  John  Mortimore  of  Dunsford,  2oth 
April,  1702.  His  leasehold  estate  in  said  parish  to  wife  Johan 
for  life.  Legacies  to  grandchildren,  sons  and  daughters  of 
Robert  Harris  of  Crediton,  and  Mary  his  wife,  John,  Robert, 
Henry,  William,  Joseph,  and  Mary  Harris. 

Residue  to  said  daughter,  Mary  Harris,  who  is  Sole  Exe- 
cutrix. 

Proved  24th   May,   1704. 


1704.  Bridget  Tucker  of  Tedbourn  St.  Mary,  Widow,  27th 
July,  1703.  Small  bequests  to  children  Joan,  Robert,  Peter, 
and  Mark  Tucker  and  Mary  Rowe.  Residue  to  son  Thomas 
and  daughter  Joan,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved  i6th  June,  1704,  by  said  Thomas  Tucker,  his  sister 
Joan  having  renounced. 


1704.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Peter  Osmond  of  Tiverton, 
to  Ann  his  wife,  granted   loth  Jany.,   1704. 


1705.  The  last  Will  of  Christopher  Osmond  of  Exeter, 
1 5th  Jany.,  1702.  Bequests  to  brother  James,  and  to  sisters 
Gertrude,  wife  of  Walter  Purchase,  and  Elizabeth,  wife  of 
Robert  Arnold. 

Residue  to  wife  Eleanor,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  28th  Aug.,  1705. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  217 

1705.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Matthew  Mortimore  of 
Christow,  granted  i$th  March,  1705,  to  Edward  Mortimore 
his  brother. 

NOTE. — Deceased  died  intestate,  and  his  wife  Elizabeth  renounced 
her  right  to  administer. 


1705.  Admon.  John  Osmond,  H.M.  Ship  Antelope,  and  late 
of  St.  Sidwell's,  Exeter.  Granted  to  John  Osmond,  his  father, 
1 2th  Oct.,  1705. 


1706.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Jane  Tucker,  alias 
Risdon.  Granted  ist  July,  1706,  to  James  Tucker  of  the  City 
of  Exeter. 

"  Memorandum. 

"This  administration  was  granted  to  the  husband,  only  for 
the  recovery  of  a  legacy  of  ;£ioo,  given  to  his  wife  by  the 
will  of  Jane  Risdon,  deceased,  and  contained  in  the  bundle 
of  1672." 


1706.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  William  Tucker  of  Exeter, 
granted  7th  May,  1706,  to  Mary  Davys,  otherwise  Tucker, 
wife  of  Miles  Davys  of  Colyton,  and  daughter  of  deceased. 


1706.      Admon.  of   Nicholas  Tucker  of  Axminster,  granted 
to  nephew  Samuel  Tucker,  i6th  Jany.,  1706. 


1706.  The  last  Will  of  Francis  Mortimore  of  Down  St. 
Mary,  dated  2ist  July,  1705. 

He  leaves  his  "  caster  house "  to  son  John,  and  his  "  wester 
house "  to  his  children  Roger,  Francis,  and  Elizabeth,  after 
his  wife's  death. 

To  children  Simon  and  Hannah,  2O/-  each. 

Residue  to  wife  Elizabeth,  who  is  Sole  Executrix.  She  is 
to  remain  a  widow  or  forfeit. 

Proved   i6th  Oct.,  1706. 


2 1 8  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1707.  Nicholas  Were  of  Halberton,  in  the  county  of  Devon, 
desires  his  "body  to  be  buried  in  Christian  like  manner," 
25th  June,  1706.  Mentions  son  Nicholas  and  daughters  Eliza- 
beth ,and  Susannah.  Residue  to  wife  Susannah,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Two  Trustees,  one  of  them  "  my  beloved  friend  Robert 
Manley,"  Vicar  of  the  Parish. 

Proved  3Oth  April,  1707. 


1707.  "Caveat"  against  admon.  to  the  Will  of  Nicholas 
Were,  by  John  Frankpitt  of  Uplovvman,  I4th  March,  1707. 
Subsequently  withdrawn. 


1707.      Inventory    of    Nicholas    Were,    otherwise    known    as 
Tucker,  1st  Feby.,  1706  7. 
Total  £79  2s.  6d. 


1707-8.      Admon.    William    Tucker    of    St.    Thomas,    nigh 
Exon.,  granted  to  Mary  his  widow,  26th  Feby.,  1707. 


1707-8.     Admon.    to    the    effects    of    Dorothy    Osmond    of 
Silverton,   granted    I3th    Feby.,   1707,  to  Margaret  her  sister. 


1708.  The  last  Will  of  George  Osmond  of  Ilalberton, 
30th  May,  1707. 

To  son  Thomas,  certain  property  in  said  parish.  To 
daughter  Elizabeth  Stone,  £80. 

To  daughter  Joan  Osmond,  .£120. 

To  daughter  Susannah  Osmond,  ;£ioo. 

To  grand-daughter  Susannah  Stone  "a  piece  of  plate  of 
503.  value,  with  my  name  ingraven  in  letters  at  large  in  ye 
said  plate." 

To  daughter  Joan  aforesaid,  "a  great  chest  marked  with 
the  letters  '  J.O.'  in  the  foreside." 

Residue  to  wife  Elizabeth,  who  is  Sole  Executrix.  Philip 
Osmond  (brother)  a  trustee. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  219 

By  codicil,  he    gives    to    poor   of   the    parish,    3O/-,  and   to 
Mr.  Robert  Manley,  minister,  a  new  pulpit  cloth. 
Thomas  Elvvorthy  a  witness. 


1708-9.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Mortimore 
of  Broadclist.  Granted  9th  Feby.,  1708-9,  to  Agnes  his  widow. 
William  and  Abraham  Taylor  join  the  bond. 


1709.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  John  Osmond  of  Broad- 
hambury,  deceased,  granted  24th  March,  1709,  to  Mary  his 
relict. 


1709.     Admon.  Peter  Tucker  of  Exeter,  granted    I3th  Oct., 
1709,  to  Elizabeth,  his  relict. 


1709.  The  last  Will  of  Jane  Tucker  of  Exeter,  dated  28th 
Oct.,  first  year  of  Queen  Anne  (1702).  Legacies  to  daughters 
Dorothy,  Margaret,  Sarah,  and  Jane  Tucker,  the  latter  are 
residuary  legatees  and  joint  Exors. 

She  leaves  her  good  friend,  Mr.  George  Stoning,  .£15,  for 
mourning  for  himself  and  wife,  and  to  each  of  them,  2O/-,  to 
buy  mourning  rings. 

To  "  friend "  Mrs.  Samuel  Izacke,*  4O/-,  to  buy  mourning 
rings. 

Mr.  George  Stoning  and  Edward  Collings  trustees  in  minority 
of  daughters. 

Proved  28th  Oct.,  1709. 


1709-10.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  William  Tucker 
of  Colompton,  granted  3rd  M^rch,  1709-10,  to  Emeline 
Andrewes,  otherwise  Tucker,  wife  of  Jacob  Andrewes,  and 
mother  of  deceased. 

*  "Samuel  Izacke,"  her  husband,  was  the  son  of  Richard  Izacke,  and  published  a 
new  edition  of  his  father's  plagiarism  of  John  Iloker's  "MS.  History  of  Exeter," 
in  1724.  He  was  appointed  Chamberlain  of  Exeter  in  1693  and  had  been  previously 
gratuitously  admitted  to  the  freedom  of  the  city.  For  levying  "black  mail"  upon 
the  common  councillors,  he  was  ignominiously  disfranchished,  6th  October,  1718. 


220  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1709.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Tucker  of  Stokeintinhead, 
dated  i8th  Jany.,  1707.  Legacies  to  brothers  John  and  Richard, 
sister  "  Francis,"  and  brother-in-law  William  — ,  father-in-law 
Simon  Drew,  and  Francis  his  wife. 

Residue  to  wife  Ann,  who  is   Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   lOth  Jany.,   1709. 


1711.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  William  Tucker  of  Downe 
St.  Mary,  granted  i8th  March,  1711,  to  Joan  Tucker,  widow. 
John  Tucker  of  same  parish,  joins  the  bond. 


1711.  Inventory  of  the  effects  of  William  Tucker  of  Downe 
St.  Mary,  made  March  6th,  1711. 

"  Imprimis,  all  his  wearing  apparel  and  money  in  his  purse, 
£20. 

"Item  one  estate,  in  reversion,  called   East   Bradford,  ;£iio. 

"  Remainder  of  our  other  estate,  called  Sherlands,  £30. 

"  Item  speciality  debts,  £208. 

"  Six  oxen  and  steers,  £40. 

"  5  milk  cows,  £20. 

"  2  steer  yearlings  &  3  heiffers,  £$  2s.  6d. 

"  i  horse,  3   mares,  &  their  suckling,  ^23. 

"  3  calves,  £3. 

"  20  ewes  with  their  lambs,  &  25  hogge  sheep,  £20. 

"All  the  silver  plate, 


1712.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Elizabeth  Tucker  of  Broad- 
clist,  granted   6th   Feby.,    1712,  to  Edward  her  son. 


1712.  The  last  Will  of  Elizabeth  Osmond  of  Halberton, 
Widow,  dated  26th  Jany.,  1711. 

To  daughter  Jane  Osmond,  interest  in  certain  leasehold 
property,  a  broad  piece  of  gold,  a  worsted  paine,  and  a  ffusting 
paine  (counterpane).  To  daughter  Elizabeth  Stone,  a  broad 
piece  of  gold.  To  daughter  Susannah  Eastcot,  to  son  Thomas, 
a  broade  piece  of  gold  each,  the  latter  to  buy  his  daughter 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  221 

Grace  a  silver  cup.  To  cousin  Welthyn  Osmond,  my  second 
suit  of  apparel.  Legacies  to  grand-daughters  Susannah  Stone 
and  Elizabeth  Eastcot. 

Three  Trustees,  viz.,  Mr.  Robert  Manley,  minister,  cosen 
Edward  Cross,  and  brother-in-law  Philip  Osmond. 

Residue  to  said  three  daughters,   who  are  joint   Exors. 

Proved   nth  March,  1712. 


1712.  The  last  Will  of  Sampson  Mortimore  of  Drews- 
teignton,  dated  I5th  March,  1711-12.  £10  for  his  funeral. 
Certain  "  peculiar  goods "  to  wife  Elizabeth. 

Legacies  to  son  John,  daughters  Elizabeth  and  Ann  ;  Mary, 
now  wife  of  Mark  Cumbe,  and  to  their  daughter  Sarah  ;  to 
daughters  Sarah  and  Susannah,  and  Joan,  wife  of  William 
Seaward  ;  to  grandchildren  William  Mortimore,  and  to  John, 
Sampson,  James,  Edward,  and  Thomasine,  children  of  said 
son  John. 

Residue  to  son  Sampson,  who  is   Sole   Executor. 

Witnesses,  Thomas  Amerie,  John  Symes,  and  Job  Glenvile. 

Proved  2nd  May,   1712. 

Circular  Seal. — A  stag  courant. 


1713.  The  last  Will  of  Nicholas  Tucker  of  the  parish  of 
Cleyhidon,  dated  2nd  May,  1710. 

He  leaves  his  house  at  Hole  to  wife  Mary,  and  to  his 
daughter  Joan  ,£100.  To  poor  of  the  parish,  2os. 

Residue    to   "  son  &  heir,"  John  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  8th  May,    1713. 


1713.     Inventory   of    effects   of    Nicholas    Tucker   of    Cley- 
hidon, made  2nd  May,   1713. 

Imprimis,  wearing  apparel        ...          ...         ...  £10     o     o 

Item  Money  in  purse  and  plate         ...         ...  £20    o    o 

Item   Books          ...         ...         ...         ...          ...  £500 

"Table  linen        £1    10    o" 

"  In  the  entry  chamber,  3  musquetts  &  other 

things £18     o    o" 


2  DE  VONSH1RE     WILLS. 

In  the  kitchen  chamber,  a  weather  glass,  2 
brass  pistols,  four  swords,  a  carbine,  and 
a  clock  £n  10  o 

His  farm  stock,  worth  about       £500     o     o 

Sum  £688   IDS. 


1713.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Isaac  Tucker  of  Downe  St. 
Mary,  granted  2pth  April,  1715,  to  John  Tucker  of  the  said 
parish,  in  the  minority  of  William  Tucker  the  son. 


1713.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  John  Mortimore  of  Spreyton, 
granted  5th  June,  1713,  in  the  minority  of  daughters  Catherine, 
Alice,  and  Elizabeth,  to  their  uncle,  John  Hopper. 


1716.  The  last  Will  of  Josias  Tucker  of  Newton  St.  Cyres, 
dated  2Oth  Jany.,  1704-5.  Mentions  sister  Joan  Bowden  ; 
kinswoman  Susannah  Tucker,  who  is  left  a  house  and  garden 
during  the  life  of  Mark  Oxenham  ;  brother  Christopher  Tucker. 

Residue  to  brother  Simon  Tucker,  who  is   Sole   Exor. 

NOTE. — Exor.  and  his  brother  Christopher  both  declined  to  ad- 
minister, and  the  will  was  proved  2yth  Sept.,  1716,  by  Thomas  Clarke, 
of  Exeter,  a  principal  creditor. 


1716.  The  last  Will  of  James  .Mortimer  of  Uplowman, 
dated  25th  Jany.,  1711-12.  Legacies  to  son  James  and  his 
children,  Mary,  Susannah,  and  James ;  to  daughter  Susannah 
and  her  husband,  John  Kyte,  and  their  children,  Susannah, 
Mary,  Elizabeth,  and  Agnes  ;  to  grandson  Richard  Mortimer ; 
to  Susanna,  Mary,  and  James,  children  of  son  John  ;  to  grand- 
sons John  and  Hugh,  and  granddaughter  Jane  Mortimer. 

Residue  to  son  John,  who  is   Sole  Exor. 

Trustees,  John  Chave  of  Uplowman,  and  Richard  Locke  of 
Sampford  Peverel. 

Proved   i6th  April,   1716. 


1716.     Admon.  to  the  estate  of  Maria  Mortimore  of  Drews- 
teignton,  granted  2Oth  July,  1716,  to  John  Dicker,  her  brother. 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  223 

1663.  Edward  Younge,  D.D.,  Dean  of  Exeter,  bequeathed 
a  principal  sum  of  £250.  The  interest  to  be  applied  to  the 
Alms  House  of  St.  Katherine,*  to  the  Choristers  of  the  Cathe- 
dral, and  to  the  Prisoners  in  the  Castle.  The  income  to  be 
distributed  by  the  Dean  of  Exeter  annually  on  the  29th  May, 
"  the  day  of  the  blessed  restauration  of  his  sacred  majesty." 

Will  dated  6th  June,  1663. 

Proved  I4th  Aug.  same  year. 


1718.  The  last  Will  of  Jane  Tucker  of  Exeter,  3Oth  April, 
1717.  To  Sister  Sarah  all  lands  and  estates  in  the  city  of 
Exeter  and  elsewhere.  To  brother  James  and  sister  Margaret 
a  "gold  ring  of  a  guinea  each."  A  gold  ring  to  Richard 
Sandford  of  Exeter.  To  servant,  Thomazine  Stevens,  £10. 
Residue  to  said  sister  Sarah,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Richard  and  Joseph  Sandford,  Hugh  Mills,  and  John  Hussey 
to  be  bearers  at  funeral,  and  to  each  £\  is.  to  buy  mourning 
rings,  and  to  each  a  "  mourning  hatt  band  and  gloves." 

Admon.  to  Sarah  Tucker,  2ist  Oct.,  1718. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  will  of  Dorothy  Tucker,  proved  1693,  P-  34>  ante. 


1719.     Administration   to  the  effects  of  Jacob   Tucker,  late 
of  Exeter,  granted   3ist  Dec.,   1719,  to  Alice  his  relict. 


1719.  John  Mortimer  of  Exeter,  Goldsmith,  to  "my  two 
daughters  is.  apeece." 

Residue  to  wife  Sarah,  who  is  Sole  Executrix.  Dated 
Aug.  — ,  1708. 

Proved   23rd  July,  1719. 


*  These  ancient  almshouses — founded  by  John  Stevens,  Canon  of  Exeter  (will 
dated  February  3rd,  1457,  proved  February  27th,  1460) — were,  with  their  chapel, 
advertised  for  sale  by  the  trustees  in  1893.  They  were  purchased  by  the  "Ilonble. 
Lady  Hotham  "  (Jane  Sarah,  third  daughter  of  second  Lord  Bridport,  and  widow 
of  Sir  Charles  Hotham,  K.N.,  grandson  of  second  Lord  Hotham),  in  December 
that  year,  with  a  view  to  their  restoration  and  re-application  to  church  purposes. 


224  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1720.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Tucker  of  Tedburn  St. 
Mary,  dated  4th  Sept.,  1718.  Legacies  to  brothers  Mark, 
Robert,  and  Peter  Tucker;  to  kinsman  George,  son  of  Peter 
Tucker ;  and  to  kinswoman  Ann,  daughter  of  Peter  Tucker  the 
elder. 

Residue  to  wife  Honor,  who  is  Sole  Executiix.  Reversion 
of  a  moiety  of  leasehold  tenement  "Collyhey"  in  Tedburne 
to  George  Tucker,  son  of  brother  Peter. 

Proved  8th  April,  1720. 


1720.  The  last  Will  of  Mark  Tucker  of  Christow,  dated 
1 6th  May,  1720.  Legacies  to  brothers  Robert  and  Peter,  to 
nephews  Mark  and  Robert,  sons  of  Robert  Tucker.  "  To  Mr. 
Samuel  Starkey,  one  hogshead  of  cyder  or  2os.  in  lieu  thereof." 
Legacies  to  Mary,  daughter  of  Peter  Tucker  "  of  this  parish," 
and  to  nieces  Mary  Browne  and  Sarah  Laskey,  daughters  of 
Robert  Tucker. 

Residue  to  "kinsman"  Peter  Tucker  "of  this  parish,"  who 
is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  lOth  Feb.,  1720. 

NOTE. — Ttstator  had  a  moiety  of  the  leasehold  estate  known  as 
"Collyhey."  See  preceding  will. 


1720.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  William  Osmond  of  Burles- 
combe,  granted   6th   May,   1720,  to  Robert  his  father. 


1720.     Admon.  to  effects  of  Edmund  Osmond  of  Bradninch, 
granted   3rd   Jan.,    1720,  to  Anne  his  relict. 


1721.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Michael  Tucker  of  Bradninch, 
renounced  by  Martha  his  widow,  and  granted  I2th  May,  1721, 
to  Nicholas  Murch  of  the  same  parish,  principal  creditor. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  225 

1721.  The  last  Will  of  John  Tucker  of  Foltimore,  dated 
1 7th  Oct.,  1719.  Legacies  at  21  to  Sarah,  daughter  of  Roger 
and  Ann  Wilcocks.  Residue  to  wife  Sarah,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Admon.  granted  to  said  widow  loth  Oct.,  1721. 


1722.  The  last  Will  of  Welthian  Osmond  of  Halberton, 
single  woman.  To  brother  Philip  Osmond  and  his  heirs,  two 
cottages  in  said  parish  known  as  "  Lock  houses." 

Residue  to  said  Philip,  who  is  Sole  Exor.  Dated  I4th  Jan., 
1719. 

Proved  I9th  April,  1722. 

Seal  of  Arms — A  fess  dancettee,  ermine,  in  chief  an  eagle 
displayed. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  page  41,  ante,  and  to  other  wills  of  Osmond  of 
Halberton. 


1722.  The  last  Will  of  Mary  Tucker  of  St.  Leonards  (nigh 
Exeter),  Widow. 

To  son  Francis  and  to  grandsons  Francis  and  John  Tucker, 
one  guinea  each. 

To  son  Arthur  and  granddaughter  Elizabeth  Tucker,  £6  6s. 
To  sisters-in-law  Jane  Browning  and  Sarah  Clarke,  a  mourning 
ring  each. 

To  brother  John  Browning,  brother-in-law  Philip  Clarke, 
and  Samuel  Pine  of^Exeter,  "  Gentleman,"  certain  lands  in 
St.  Leonards,  Hartland,  and  Buckland,  and  in  the  parish  of 
Holy  Trinity,  Exeter,  in  trust  for  daughter  Mary  Tucker. 

Mentions  deceased  husband  John  Tucker.  Residue  to  said 
Mary  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   loth  Aug.,  1722. 


1724.     Admon.  to  effects  of   Caleb  Tucker  of   Kilmington, 
granted  6th  March,  1724,  to  son  William  Tucker  of  Seaton. 


16 


226  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1724.  The  last  will  of  Peter  Tucker  of  Upton  Pyne,  dated 
loth  Dec.,  1721. 

He  leaves  his  wife  "  the  feather  bedd  performed  "  (that  is, 
perfect],  and  to  Sarah,  daughter  of  Nicholas  Cunniby,  of  Upton 
Pyne,  £5  at  21. 

To  two  Trustees — John  Quick  of  Brampford  Speke  and  John 
Butcher,  alias  Radcliffe,  of  Thorverton — certain  two  messuages, 
in  trust  for  the  benefit  of  wife,  Mary,  with  remainder  to  the 
children  of  John  Hooper  of  Upton  Pyne,  Francis  Gerrard  of 
Exeter,  Joseph  Hall  late  of  Exeter,  tailor,  and  John  Lugg  of 
Torrington,  as  well  as  to  Sarah,  wife  of  Henry  Street  of 
Topsham,  and  to  Richard  Moore  of  Upton  Pyne. 

Residue  to  said  Trustees  on  same  trusts.  Admon.  to  Mary 
Tucker  the  widow,  Trustees  having  renounced. 

April  28th,  1724. 


1724.  Admon.  "  de  bonis  non  "  of  John  Mortimore,  late  of 
Spreyton.  Granted  2 1st  Dec.,  1724,  to  Alice  Mortimore,  of 
goods  unadministered  by  John  Hopper  ;  her  sisters,  Katherine, 
wife  of  John  Tregoe  of  Thorverton,  and  Elizabeth,  wife  of 
Samuel  Maine  of  Colebrook,  having  renounced. 


1725.     Eleanor  Tucker  of  Luppitt,  Widow,  I2th  Oct.,  1725. 

Bequests  to  Edward,  son  of  Oliver  Lee  of  Exeter,  to  Hannah 
Whitlocke,  to  cousin  William  Chase  of  Red  Lane.  "  Parson 
Lockyer  "  to  preach  funeral  sermon. 

Residue  to  son-in-law,  Thomas  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  4th  Dec,  1725. 


1725.  Admon.  to  the  estate  of  Philip  Osmond,  late  of 
Tiverton,  granted  2ist  May,  1725,  to  Thomas  Osmond  of 
Otterford,  during  the  minority  of  George  Osmond,  son  of  the 
deceased. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  227 

1726.  The  last  will  of  Robert  Osmond  of  Burlescombe,  ipth 
May,  1725.  Legacies  to  sons  Robert  and  John,  and  to 
daughters  Agnes,  Penelope,  Margaret,  and  Grace. 

Residue  to  "  my  wife,"  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  loth  June,  1726. 


1727.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Mortimore  of  Broadclist, 
I2th  Aug.,  1726.  Furniture  and  a  legacy  of  ;£io  for  four  years 
to  wife  Elizabeth.  To  brother  John  Mortimore  is.  To  William 
Evans  "  my  best  hatt."  Residue  to  daughter  Mary,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix,  with  remainder  of  a  tenement  at  "  Burriton "  to 
said  wife. 

Circular  Seal. — A  stag  courant. 

NOTE. — These  arms  are  attached  to  will  of  Sampson  Mortimore, 
ante,  2nd  May,  1712. 


Admon.    granted    22nd    Feb.,    1726-27,   to    Andrew   Taylor, 
principal  creditor,  the  daughter  having  renounced. 


1727.  Mark  Mortimor  of  Powderham,  Yeoman,  27th  Oct., 
1727. 

In  minority  of  grandson,  Mark,  son  of  William  Mortimor,  a 
tenement  in  Powderham  to  daughter  Elizabeth,  after  decease  of 
wife  Mary. 

To  son  William  aforesaid,  is. 

Legacies  to  daughters,  Mary,  wife  of  Samuel  Ware,  "  Easter," 
wife  of  John  Row  (Hesther?).  To  son-in-law,  William  Davey, 
"  my  sarge  coat  and  vest,  and  blew  brichers."  To  son-in-law 
"  Wm.  Row,"  best  great  coat. 

Residue  to  said  William  Row,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  loth  Nov.,  1727. 


1727.  Grace  Tucker  of  Cullompton,  7th  June,  1720. 
Bequests  to  Dorothy,  wife  of  Robert  Foss  of  said  parish  ;  to 
Edward,  son  of  Francis  Pratt  of  Kentisbeare  ;  and  to  latter's 


228  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

other  children  Dorothy,  Joan,  Agnes,  and  Elizabeth  Pratt. 
Residue  to  Dorothy,  wife  of  said  Francis  Pratt,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved  28th  Dec.,   1727. 


1728.     Admon.    to  the  effects  of  Henry  Osmond  of  Exeter, 
granted  26th  April,  1728,  to  Elizabeth  his  wife. 
£223   is.  7d. 


1728.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Richard  Tucker  of  Upottery, 
granted   i$th  May,  1728,  to  Anne  Tucker  the  widow. 

Inventory  of  said  Richard   Tucker,  nth  April,  1728. 

£    s.    d. 
"  Item  four  silver  spoons ...          ...         ...         ...          103 

"Books        o    o  10 

"  One  hackney  saddle,  stirrups,  and  gambadoes"  o  10     6 

"  One  fowling  piece           ...          ...          ...          ...  050 

"  A  clocke  and  case. 

"  A  leasehold  estate  called  Harrietwood            ...  140     o     o" 

Sum  total,  £324  6s.  io£d. 


1729.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Edward  Tucker  of  Tiverton, 
granted  22nd  May,  1729,  to  Mary  Tucker,  the  widow. 
Sum  £80  153.  lod. 


1729.  The  last  Will  of  James  Osmond  of  Sampford 
Peverell,  27th  June,  1729. 

To  each  of  his  daughters,  Mary  and  Joan  Osmond,  £450. 

Residue  to  trustees,  Robert  Blake  of  Halse,  Co.  Somerset, 
Edeth  Blake  of  Sampford  Peverell,  Gentleman,  and  Nicholas 
Harris,  Vicar  of  Culmstock,  for  benefit  of  son  Thomas  Osmond. 

Witnesses,  Francis  Taylor,  Thomas  Jutsum,  and  Humphry 
Marsh  Jutsum. 

Proved  2Oth  Feb.,  1729. 

Seal  of  Arms — A  chevron  between  3  coots. 

NOTE. — Argent,  a  chevron,  sable,  between  3  coots  proper. 
Attributed  to  "  Cowlin."     "  John  Cowlin  "  is  mentioned  in  several 
wills  of  this  neighbourhood  and  period. 
See/<?5/  April,  1733,  and  Sept.,  1736. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  229 

1729.     Mary  Tucker  of  Brampford   Speke,  Qth   Nov.,    1728. 

Bequests  to  brothers  Francis  and  Arthur  and  to  Elizabeth 
Lethbridge  ;  to  Francis  Tucker,  jun.,  the  great  Bible;  to  John 
Tucker,  a  silver  spoon  ;  to  Honour  Tucker,  gold  locket  and  ear- 
rings ;  to  Mrs.  Samuel  Rols,  one  piece  of  gold  ;  and  to  Mrs. 
Jane  Rols,  six  best  table  napkins.  To  Wm.  Barwick  and 
Grace  his  wife,  a  gold  ring  each  ;  and  also  to  Grace,  wife  of 
Laurence  Harvvard.  zos.  to  poor  of  the  parish,  and  a  like  sum 
to  the  poor  of  Padstow  and  of  Pilton. 

Residue  to  aunt  Sarah,  wife  of  Philip  Clarke,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved  25th  July,  1729. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  will  of  Mary  Tucker  of  St.  Leonards,  Aug.,  1722, 
ante. 

The  bequests  to  "  Mrs.  Samuel  and  Mrs.  Jane  Rols  "  are  interesting. 
The  latter  must  have  been  very  aged  in  1728;  she  was  the  wife  of 
Dennis  Rolle,  brother  of  Robert  Rolle  of  Heanton  Sachville,  an 
ancestor  of  Lord  Clinton.  She  was  the  mother  of  Dennis  Rolle,  who 
married  Arabella  Tucker  at  Hartland,  141)1  February,  1697,  and  also  of 
the  said  Samuel  Rolle  of  Hudscote,  who  was  buried,  at  Chittlehampton, 
3rd  March,  1734-5- 


1729.  The  last  Will  of  John  Mortimore  of  Uplowman, 
iSth  April,  1728. 

Legacies  to  sons  James  and  John,  to  daughter  Mary  Fini- 
more  and  her  husband  Humphry,  each  is.  To  Sir  Hugh 
Mortimore  remainder  of  cottage  called  Crossland  ;  another 
tenement  called  "Cleaks"  to  daughter  Joan. 

Residue  to  said  wife,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  22nd  May,  1729. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  will  of  James  Mortimore  of  Uplowman,  April, 
1716,  ante. 


1729.  The  last  will  of  John  Tucker  of  "  Church-Tawton, 
Gentleman." 

He  divides  the  lands  of  which  he  stands  "  seized  "  between 
Joan,  his  wife,  for  life,  with  remainder  to  George  and  William, 
sons  of  late  Henry  Pocock,  and  Elizabeth,  sister  of  said  George  ; 
cousin  Clement  Waldron,  my  godson,  to  Wm.  Harford  and 


230  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

William  Blackmorc,  also  god-children  ;  cousins  John  and 
Mary  Pring,  James,  son  of  James  Gill  and  Joan  his  wife,  of 
Culmstock,  Elizabeth  Holway  and  her  heirs,  Susannah  and 
Mary  Holway,  and  James  Holway. 

Testator  leaves  £400  to  pay  his  debts,  charged  on  a  tene- 
ment which  reverts  to  the  aforesaid  Gills'.  To  poor  of 
Cheyhidon  and  Churcb-Tawton,  2Os. 

Residue  to  Joan  his  wife,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  9th  Dec.,   1729. 

NOTE. — The  parish  in  which  deceased  resided  was  Church-Stanton, 
Co.  Devon,  seven  miles  from  Taunton. 

The  beneficiare  under  the  above  will,  "  Cousin  Clement  Waldron," 
must  not  be  confused  with  the  Walronds  of  Dulford  and  Bradfield, 
although  both  families  are  nearly  equal  in  point  of  antiquity,  and  may 
possibly  have  a  common  ancestor  in  the  head  of  the  old  baronial  house 
of  Waleran. 

"  Clement  Waldron's "  collateral  ancestor,  John  Waldron,  was  a 
merchant  at  Tiverton  of  the  sixteenth  century,  and  founded  the  alms- 
house  there  still  called  by  his  name.  He  died  i8th  July,  1579. 
This  John  Waldron  died  issueless,  but  was  succeeded  by  a  nephew  of 
the  same  name,  son  of  his  brother  Robert. 

Mary  Waldron,  in  1749,  gave  land  to  the  poor  of  the  parishes  of 
Hemiock,  Church-Stanton,  and  Cleyhidon.  Will  dated  nth  Oct., 
that  year.  Proved  by  John  Southwood,  residuary  legatee  and  sole 
exor.  An  Irish  branch  ot  the  Waldrons  have  long  held  county 
rank  in  Leitrim  and  Tipperary,  etc.  They  are  descended  from  Sir 
Richard  Waldron,  who  migrated  from  the  West  of  England  in  1609. 


1729.  The  last  Will  of  Mary  Tucker  of  "  Clehidon,"  2Oth 
Dec.,  1729. 

Bequests  to  brother  Robert  Pring,  to  cousin  Elizabeth 
Holway,  and  to  Joane,  widow  of  son  John  Tucker. 

Proved  3rd  May,  1732. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  gth  Dec.,  1729  (John  Tucker  of  Church-Tawton), 
ante. 


1730.     Samuel    Osmond    of    St.    Sidwells,    Exeter,   Tallow 
Chandler,  5th  Aug.,   1729. 

Property  in  said  parish  to  brother  Joseph. 

To  mother,  Elizabeth  Osmond,  .£200. 

To  sisters,  Grace  Cock  and  Elizabeth  Osmond,  £200  each. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  231 

To   the   four    Presbyterian    ministers,    Messrs.    Enty,   Green, 
Withers,  and  Lavington,  .£1  is.  each. 

Residue  to  brother  Joseph  Osmond,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 
Witnesses,  Stephen  Holditch. 

John  Conant. 
Proved  2nd  May,  1730. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  page  44,  ante,  for  the  will  of  the  father  of  above 
testator. 


1731.  The  last  W^ill  of  Thomas  Osmond  of  Halberton, 
27th  Sept.,  1727. 

Legacies  to  daughter  Mary  and  to  her  husband  John  Pullen. 
To  daughters  Agnes,  Elizabeth,  Grace,  and  Sarah  Osmond. 

Leasehold  property  in  said  parish  and  in  Sampford  Peverell 
to  sons  Thomas  and  Phillip  Osmond. 

Residue  to  brothers  John  and  Francis  Osmond  in  trust  for 
wife  Elizabeth. 

Witnesses,  Wm.  Lock,  Philip  Hinimore,  Humphry  Marsh 
Jutsum. 

Admon.  4th  Feb.,  1731,  to  Elizabeth  the  relict,  vice  the 
trustees,  who  have  renounced. 


1730.  The  last  Will  of  Elizabeth  Tucker  of  the  city  of 
Exeter,  I4th  March,  1725. 

Bequests  to  Elizabeth,  Anne,  and  Susannah  Dally ;  to 
Mistress  Leap,  widow,  their  sister,  and  to  Nicholas,  Anne,  and 
John,  children  of  Zephaniah  Geare  of  Exeter,  notary  public. 

Residue  to  George  Broughton  Hull  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Proved  29th  Aug.,  1730. 

NOTE. — The  Geares,  still  well  known  in  Exeter  in  association  with 
the  law,  are  the  descendants  of  the  "Geeres"  of  Heavitree  and  Kenn, 
who  registered  a  pedigree  of  four  descents  at  the  visitation  of  1564,  and 
again  entered  their  descent  in  1620.  Nicholas,  Anne,  and  John  are 
all  family  names. 

Arms — Gules  on  2  bars  or,  six  mascles  az.,  3  and  3,  on  a  canton  of  the 
second,  a  leopard's  face  of  the  third. 


232  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Admon.  "de  bonis  non  "  of  Peter  Tucker  of  Exeter,  and 
admon.  of  estate  of  Elizabeth  Tucker,  widow  of  said  Peter, 
granted  29th  Aug.,  1730,  to  George  Broughton  Hull. 

NOTE. — The  Hulls  were  an  old  Exeter  family  of  some  distinction, 
who  resided  at  Larkbeare,  subsequently  the  property  of  the  Barings, 
and  where  the  latter  effected  their  rise  and  progress.  John  Hull  was 
Recorder  of  Exeter,  1379.  George  Hull  ultimately  sold  Larkbeare  to 
Sir  Nicholas  Smith  at  the  commencement  of  the  seventeenth  century. 
His  ancestors  had  then  owned  Larkbeare  for  more  than  two  centuries, 
and  many  of  them  were  mayors  of  Exeter. 

Arms  of  "  Henry  Hull  of  Larkbeare." — Sa.  a  chevron  between  3 
talbots'  heads  arg. — MS.  D.  and  C.  Exon.,  No.  3532. 


1730-32.      Admon.    to   the   effects    of    Nicholas    Tucker    of 
Halberton,  granted   I3th  Feb.,  1730,  to  Rebecca  his  widow. 


1732-3.     Admon.  to  effects  of  Nicholas  Tucker  of  Halberton, 
granted  2nd  Jan.,  1732-3,  to  Samuel  Tucker  his  son. 


1733.  The  last  Will  of  James  Osmond  of  Bycott,  Hal- 
berton, nth  Sept.,  1732.  He  leaves  Bycott  and  his  other 
property,  subject  to  his  wife's  jointure,  to  mortgage  or  sell  for 
a  term  not  exceeding  five  hundred  years,  to  date  from  his  wife's 
death,  for  the  benefit  of  his  sister  Susannah  Osmond  for  life, 
with  remainder  to  his  nephew  Thomas  May,  his  heirs,  and 
assigns.  Mentions  nephew  and  niece,  John  and  Mary  May, 
and  gives  them  "  hat  bands  and  gloves  "  ;  cousins,  daughters 
of  John  Sanford,  and  brother-in-law  William  Sellicke,  "  Phineas 
May,"  "  Mr.  Thomas  Osmond  of  Hearn,"  and  John  Cowlen. 
"  To  my  said  wife,  an  hood,  ring,  and  gloves." 

Residue  to  said  sister  Susannah  Osmond,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Seal,  A  lion  rampant. 

Witnesses,  Nathaniel  Marshal,  Thomas  Osmond,  Benjamin 
Chapman.  Proved  28th  April,  1733. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  p.  41,  ante.  The  "Lion  Rampant,"  being  the 
arms  of  Marshall,  Earl  of  Pembroke,  and  the  name  of  one  of  the 
witnesses,  who  very  possibly  drew  the  will,  being  Marshal,  is  fair  evidence 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  233 

that  arbitary  assumption  of  armorial  bearings,  as  in  this  and  other 
instances,  is  by  no  means  peculiar  to  the  present  century,  although  the 
contrary  is  often  contended. 

This  will  was  subject  to  a  Chancery  suit  from  igth  April,  1737. 
Thomas  May,  plaintiff;  James  and  Mary  Sandford,  John  Dally,  and 
Grace  his  wife,  defendants. 


1734.  The  last  Will  of  Elizabeth  Osmond  of  Halberton, 
Widow,  3rd  April,  1732. 

She  refers  to  the  Executors  of  her  late  husband,  "  Thomas 
Osmond,"  having  renounced.  She  states  that  she  has  pur- 
chased a  meadow,  which  she  leaves  to  her  son  Thomas 
Osmond,  partly  with  money  left  him  by  Mistress  Agnes 
Chave,  and  wills  him  the  said  meadow.  To  son  Philip  £10 
owing  her  by  Nicholas  Osmond,  her  tenant. 

To  son  James  "  the  gift  of  my  mother-in-law,  Mary  Osmond 
of  Uplowman." 

"Her  Christening  Paine"  to  daughter  Grace,  or  los.  in  lieu 
thereof. 

Mentions  daughters  Agnes,  Elizabeth,  and  Sarah  Osmond, 
and  Mary  Pullen. 

Residue  to  brother-in-law  John  Osmond  and  son-in-law  John 
Pullen,  in  trust  for  sons  Philip  and  James  aforesaid. 

Proved  25th  April,  1734. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  1731,  ante,  will  of  Thomas  Osmond. 


1734.  Mary  Mortimer  of  Exeter,  Spinster.  She  leaves  to 
Nicholas  Green  and  Samuel  Weymouth  of  Exeter,  tobacconist, 
£10  in  trust,  the  interest  for  the  use  of  the  minister  of  the 
Baptist  meeting.  2ist  March,  1733. 

To  brother-in-law  John  Mortimer  of  Froom,  Somerset,  .£5, 
and  to  his  brother  Joseph  £5.  Household  effects  to  Sarah, 
wife  of  Thomas  Wiggington  of  Exeter,  mercer.  China,  &c., 
to  "  Miss  Mary  Hodges,"  daughter  of  "  the  Lady  Hodges." 
To  Mary  and  Elizabeth  Wiggington,  a  ring  each.  Teaspoons 
to  Mary  Munn.  £2  2s.  to  "  Revd.  Mr.  Stennett."  £10  to  be 
spent  on  funeral. 


234  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Residue  to  nephew  and  nieces  Francis,  Susannah,  and  Jane 
Taylor,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Witness,  John  Conant. 

Mrs.  Wiggington  being  dead,  Testatrix  leaves  by  Codicil 
certain  effects  to  Grace  Craddick. 

Proved  29th  Dec.,  1734. 

NOTE. —  Samuel  Waymouth's  daughter  Hannah  married  Elias,  second 
son  of  Thomas  Newcoman,  of  Dartmouth,  the  inventor  of  the 
stationary  steam  engine.  See  my  "  Devonshire  Parishes,"  Vol.  I., 
P-  374- 


1735.     John  Mortimore  of  Cadbury,  I5th  June,  1734. 

He  leaves  53.  each  to  his  wife  Susanna  and  his  daughter 
Elizabeth. 

Residue  to  his  mother  Joan  Mortimore,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved  27th  June,  1735. 


1736.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Richard  Mortimore  of 
Broadclist,  granted  to  Ambrose  Bussell,  husband  of  the  late 
Mary  Bussell,  daughter  of  deceased. 

Proved  25th  June,  1736. 


1736.  The  last  Will  of  Susannah  Osmond  of  Halberton 
(refer  to  28th  April,  1733),  dated  March  27th,  1733.  She 
states  that  her  mother  Susannah  Osmond  (refer  to  page  41, 
ante)  charged  Bycott  with  £200  for  her  benefit,  which  has 
never  been  paid,  and  directs  her  Exors.  to  sue  for  the  same. 

Legacies  to  brother-in-law  Phineas  May  ;  to  nephews  Thomas 
and  John  May  ;  to  kinswoman  Joan,  wife  of  nephew  John 
May  ;  to  cousin  Sandford's  two  daughters  Mary  and  Grace. 
To  John  Cowlen  and  Susannah  his  wife,  "a  ring  and  a  silk 
hood."  Ann  Wills  a  hood,  and  Elizabeth  Turpin  los. 

Residue  to  kinswoman    Mary  May,  who   is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  Wm.  Were  and   Mary  Ballamy. 

Proved  3rd  Sept.,  1736. 

NOTE. — Armorial  Seal,  apparently  a  cross  between  four  coots  (?), 
another  device  of  Cowl  in.  See,  a/t/e,  Feb.,  1729,  note. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  235 

1737.     John  Mortimore  of  Drewsteignton,  3Oth  April,   1734. 

Bequests  to  sons  William,  John,  Sampson,  James,  and 
Edward,  and  to  daughter  Thomasine,  in  addition  to  the  2Os. 
eacli  given  them  by  "  their  grandfather." 

To  grandson  John,  son  of  said  John  Mortimer,  55. 

Residue  to  wife  Thomazine,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   nth  May,  1737. 

By  James  the  son,  his  brothers  and  sister  having  renounced, 
and  their  mother  having  died  without  proving. 

Personality  over  £200. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  will  of  Sampson  Mortimore,  2nd  May,  1712,  ante. 


1738.      The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Tucker  of   Uplyme.     To 
wife,  leasehold  property  there  and  at  Wootton  Fitz-pain,  Dorset. 
Residue  to  said  wife  Ann,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 
Proved  22nd  May,  1738. 


1738.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Thomas  Tucker  of 
Kenn,  granted  2ist  March,  1738,  to  Goldworthy  Tucker,  his 
son. 


1738.  George  Mortimer  of  Dunsford,  I4th  April,  1733. 
Legacies  to  John  and  Richard  Mortimer,  sons,  and  to  George 
and  Elizabeth  Mortimer,  grandchildren. 

Residue  to  wife  Anna,  who  is  Sole  Executrix,  but  must  not 
marry  again. 

Witnesses,  Joseph  and  Daniel  Tucker. 

Proved  23rd  Oct.,   1738. 


1740.  Joseph  Osmond  of  St.  Sid  well's,  Exeter,  Tallow 
Chandler.  To  sister  Elizabeth,  wife  of  John  Whitehead,  Gentle- 
man, of  St.  Sidwell's,  £20  per  annum,  with  reversion  of  the 
property  on  which  the  legacy  is  charged  to  sister  Grace  Cock. 
To  cousin  Mistress  Elizabeth  Chears,  £50.  He  leaves  £100 
for  dissenting  ministers  or  their  widows.  Legacies  to  father- 
in-law,  "  Mr.  Townsend,"  and  to  "  each  of  his  children."  To 


236  DEVONSHIRE     IV ILLS. 

Rev.  James  Green  and  Rev.  Joseph  Hallett,  £20  for  poor 
housekeepers  of  St.  Sidwells.  Residue  to  Rev.  Nathaniel  Cock 
and  Grace  his  wife,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Witnesses,  Caleb  Youatt,  John  Conant. 

Proved  I2th  Aug.,  1740. 


1741.  Martha  Tucker  of  Exeter,  Widow,  2Oth  May,  1741. 
To  son  Nathaniel  Tucker  of  London,  Gentleman,  one  gold 
ring.  To  sons  Joseph  and  John  Tucker  of  Exeter,  Glaziers 
(a  gold  ring  to  Joseph).  To  grand-daughter  Elizabeth  Tucker, 
"  my  striped  loodstring  gowne."  Son  John  has  a  leasehold 
house  in  Matthew's  Alley,  South  Street. 

Residue  to  said  John,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  I5th  June,  1741. 


1741.  John  Tucker  of  Axminster,  loth  Aug.,  1741.  To 
wife  Elizabeth,  his  leasehold  estates  and  household  goods, 
charged  with  an  annuity  of  3Os.  to  sister  Mary  Tucker. 

Residue  to  said  wife,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  3ist  Aug.,  1741. 


1741.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Thomas  Osmond  of  Ottery 
St  Mary,  granted  i8th  Sept.,  1741,  to  Hannah,  wife  of  Stephen 
Gill,  his  great  grand-daughter. 


1743.-  The  last  will  of  Mary  Osmond  of  Tiverton,  Widow, 
loth  Feb.,  1742. 

To  be  buried  in  "  Moores  Isle,"  in  Cullompton  Church,  by  the 
side  of  her  mother. 

To  kinsman  William  Bailey  the  younger,  of  Tiverton,  silver 
tankard,  salver,  and  punch  ladle,  the  tea  cannister,  six  tea 
spoons  and  tongs,  and  a  gold  watch.  To  his  wife  Mary  "a 
diamond  ring  with  a  green  stone  in  it,"  best  white  satin  gown 
flowered  with  gold,  and  "  my  linrien  gown  that  I  bought  in 
London."  To  kinswoman  Susannah  Sellick,  "if  she  be  living  in 
the  same  station  at  Kensington  as  I  lately  saw  her,"  a  diamond 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  237 

ring  and  silver  podinger.  To  kinsman  William  Sellick,  £j  145. 
per  annum.  To  kinsman  Peter  Slape,  £$o.  To  kinswoman 
Ann,  wife  of  Francis  Matthews,  ;£ioo.  To  Miss  Mary  Coles, 
£$o,  and  to  her  father  Thomas  Coles  and  to  Susannah 
Haviland,  a  mourning  ring  each.  To  Mrs.  Mary  Osmond  of 
Halberton,  two  pairs  of  gold  buttons,  and  to  Eleanor  Floyer, 
a  mourning  ring.  The  arms  of  her  first  husband,  "  Mr.  Moore," 
to  be  put  on  her  hearse. 

Residue  to  said  Wm.  Bailey,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  I7th  Dec.,  1743. 

Trustees,  Saml.  Rogers,  Rector  of  Withycombe,  Somerset, 
and  Vicar  of  Halberton  ;  Thomas  Balliman,  and  Thomas  Coles. 

NOTE. — Testatrix,  whose  marriage  license  with  "  Mr.  Moore  "  is  not 
to  be  found,  and  whose  maiden  name  is  left  blank  in  the  pedigree  of 
Moore  of  Moorhays,  was  probably  a  daughter  of  William  Sellick,  who 
purchased  the  right  of  presentation  to  Cullompton  Church,  and  pre- 
sented thereto,  in  171 9. 

She  was  the  widow  of  George  Moore  of  Moorhays,  who  died 
5th  Nov.,  1711,  and  by  him  had  an  only  daughter  Mary,  the  wife  of 
John  Blackmore  of  Sheldon,  and  the  ancestor  of  the  present  owner  of 
Moorhays. 


1606.  The  last  Will  of  Catherine  Lady  "More"  of  Cul- 
lompton, dated  26th  April,  1606.  Desires  to  be  buried  in  the 
parish  church,  and  leaves  for  the  reparation  thereof  ios.,  and 
to  the  poor  6s.  3d.  To  Robert  Denys,  ios. 

Residue  to  my  servants  "  Mr.  Tryslade  and  Mrs.  Shepherd," 
who  are  Sole  Exors. 

Proved   June,    1606. 

NOTE. — The  personal  effects  of  Testatrix  were  valued  at  £21  6s.  id., 
inclusive  of  two  horses  and  a  mare,  which  were  valued  at  £8.  She 
was  the  widow  of  Sir  John  Moore  of  Moorhays,  and  the  daughter  of 
Sir  Thomas  Pomeroy  of  Berry,  by  Jane,  daughter  of  Sir  Piers  Edg- 
combe. 


1745.      William  Tucker  of  Kenn,  I4th  May,  1739. 

Bequests  to  poor  of  Kenn  ;  to  Thomas  Dewdney  of  Kenn, 
and  to  (his  brother)  John  Dewdney  of  Stoke  Canon  ;  to  Eliza- 
beth, wife  of  William  Harris  of  Kenn  ;  to  Grace,  wife  of 
Matthias  Dyer  of  Exminster  ;  and  to  Mary,  wife  of  John 
Dingle  of  Exminster.  He  leaves  his  messuages,  &c.,  situate 


238  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

at  Heavitree,  in  County  of  Devon,  to  Rev.  Thomas  Ley,  Clerk 
of  Kenn,  and  to  John  Dingle,  and  their  heirs,  in  trust  for 
son  John  Tucker  and  his  issue,  male  or  female,  without  impeach- 
ment of  waste,  with  reversion,  failing  such,  to  John  Dewdney 
of  Stoke  Canon,  for  life,  and  then  to  latter's  sons  John  and 
Thomas  Dewdney,  and,  failing  them,  to  their  sisters  Elizabeth 
and  Mary  Dewdney,  and  their  right  heirs  for  ever. 

Residue  to  son  John  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  6th  Feb.,  1745,  by  nephew,  John  Dewdney.* 


1746.  The  last  Will  of  Peter  Tucker  of  Kenn,  Yeoman, 
5th  Dec,  1741. 

He  divides  property  in  the  parish,  videlicet,  "  Smithny,"  part 
of  "  Whitcombes,"  "  Clapton,"  part  of  "  Shindlestone,"  and 
"  Clarke's  Meadow,"  between  his  sons  Peter  and  Thomas. 

To  daughters  Joan,  Elizabeth,  and  Izost  (Tucker),  £100 
each. 

Residue  to  wife  Joan  and  son  Thomas  Tucker,  who  are  joint 
Exors. 

Mentions  a  daughter  "  Mary  Harris." 

Proved   I3th  June,  1746. 


29th  April,  1746.  Laurence  Tucker  of  His  Majesty's  Ship 
"  Ruby,"  makes  his  wife  Margaret,  of  the  parish  of  St.  Shad- 
well's  (Sidwell's),  Exeter,  universal  legatee  and  Sole  Executor. 

Proved  2nd  Sept.,  1746. 


1748.     John  Tucker  of  Exeter,  3ist  Oct.,   1742,  leaves  Ann 
his  wife  two  houses  in  Matthew's  Alley,  South  Street. 
Residue  to  said  wife,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 
Proved   I5th  Feb.,  1748. 


*  The   Dewdneys   were   an    old   gentle  family,  long  settled  in  the  neighbouring 
parish  of  Doddiscombleigh.     Arms,  sa.,  a  bend,  erw.,  cotised,  or. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  239 

1749.  nth  Dec.,  1749,  William  Tucker  of  Kenn,  makes 
Elizabeth  his  daughter,  wife  of  John  Hutchings  of  Brenton, 
Yeoman,  universal  legatee  and  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   I5th  Jan.,   1749. 


1749.     Mary  Tucker  of  Exeter,  Widow,  I9th  Aug.,  1749. 

To  son  Jonathan  Tucker,  ^510,  and  certain  plate,  including 
a  great  silver  Tankard.  To  said  son's  "  wife,"  £10  and  plate. 
To  grandson  Jonathan  Tucker,  gold  ring  and  plate. 

"Apparel,  both  linen  and  woollen,  to  wife  of  son-in-law 
John  Tucker  and  to  their  daughter  Elizb.  Soper,"  save  "  best 
gown,  quilted  coat  and  cloak,"  which  are  bequeathed  to  grand- 
daughter Sarah,  son  Jonathan's  eldest  daughter.  To  grandson, 
Richard  Evans,  silver  tankard.  Other  bequests  of  plate  and 
money  to  son-in-law  "  Mr.  Evans,"  and  to  Jonathan,  son  of 
John  Tucker. 

Residue  to  said  son  Jonathan,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved   Jan.,  1749. 


1754.  Joan  Tucker  of  "Church  Tawton,"  in  the  County  of 
Devon,  Widow,  I4th  Oct.,  1753. 

To  cousin  Thomas  Southwood  of  Pitminster,  Somerset, 
Gentleman,  £10. 

To  cousin  Grace,  widow  of  John  Sparrow,  and  to  cousin 
Jane  Barton,  £10  each. 

Bequests  to  Samuel,  Thomas,  and  Joan,  children  of  said 
Thomas  Southwood  ;  to  cousin  Mary  (relict  of  Clement 
Waldron,  Gentleman),  of  Wellington,  Somerset,  to  two  servants, 
and  to  the  poor  of  "  Church  Tawton  and  Cleyhidon." 

Residue  to  said  Thomas  Southwood,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  9th  Jan.,  1754. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  1729,  Dec.  gth,  will  of  John  Tucker  of  "  Church- 
Tawton." 


1754.     Samuel  Tucker  of  Cullompton,  Yeoman,  24th  May, 
1754,    leaves   all    his  wearing   apparel    to   his    brother   George 


240  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Tucker.  Certain  property  in  Halberton  to  grand-daughters 
Joan  and  Mary,  daughters  of  Edward  Kerby. 

To  wife  Sarah  Tucker,  certain  messuages  called  "  Tucker's," 
situate  at  Ash  Thomas,  in  Halberton,  for  life,  with  remainder 
to  Humphry  Blackmore,  gentleman,  and  Nehemiah  Upcott, 
serge  maker,  in  trust  for  grandsons  Edward  Kirby  and  Samuel 
Kirby  (in  default),  in  tail  male  and  female. 

Mentions  daughter  Mary,  wife  of  Edward  Kerby.  Residue 
to  wife  Sarah  and  grand-daughter  Agnes  Kerby,  who  are  Joint 
Exors.  ;  wife  to  give  a  bond  of  ^300  to  return  her  share  if 
she  marries  again,  and  is  directed  to  leave  testator's  property, 
in  any  case,  to  such  of  his  children  as  "shall  behave  well  and 
kind  to  her." 

Proved   I9th  July,   1754. 


1757.  Edward  Tucker  of  Broadclist,  1st  Jan.,  1755.  He 
leaves  daughter  Joan  "  five  shillings  only  and  no  more,"  and 
gives  the  residue,  "  in  token  of  many  favours  received,"  and 
"  signal  benefits,"  to  William  Martyn  of  Broadclist,  in  trust ;  to 
pay  £$  per  annum  to  son  Edward  Tucker  "in  weekly  pay- 
ments on  Saturdays." 

Proved  2nd  November,  1757. 


1758.  Samuel  Tucker,  late  of  Cullompton,  deceased. 
Admon.  granted  to  Agnes  Ward,  formerly  Kerby,  now  wife 
of  Robert  Ward,  grand-daughter  of  deceased,  7th  April, 
1758. 

NOTE.— Second  admon.  Refer  to  will  of  Saml.  Tucker,  igth  July, 
1754,  ante. 


1758.  Isett  Osmond  of  Uplowman,  Spinster,  I7th  Jan., 
1755.  She  desires  to  be  buried  near  her  father  in  Uplowman 
Church,  and  to  have  a  headstone,  and  another  of  the  same 
kind  for  her  father. 

Legacies  to  brothers  Thomas,  Francis,  and  Robert  Osmond  ; 


DEVO  \SHIRK     IVff.f.S.  241 

to    "cousin"    John     Stone,    son    of    sister    Mary;    and    sister 
Alice. 

Residue  to  sister  Sedwell   Osmond,  who  is  Sole   Executrix. 

Proved   rsth  Sept.,   1758. 


NOTE.  —  Testatrix  was  daughter  of  Thomas  Osmond  of  Uplowman 
(will  Oct  ,  1702,  ante),  and  sister  of  Francis  Osmond,  "  son-in-law  of 
last  Testator."  See  preceding  will. 

Armorial  Seal  —  A  demi-lion  rampant,  holding  a  horseshoe. 


1758.  The  last  Will  of  John  Osmond  of  Sampforde  Peveiel. 
To  son-in-law  Francis  Osmond  certain  leasehold  property, 
charged  with  annuities  to  daughters  Mary  and  Isett. 

There  is  remainder  for  Mary's  children,  Thomas,  Joan,  and 
Richard  (Osmond). 

To  John,  "  son  of  Francis  Osmond,"  one  heifer. 

Isett's  annuity  to  be  held  by  her  brother-in-law  Francis 
Osmond  for  her  maintenance. 

Proved   I7th  June,   1758. 


1762.  John  Tucker  of  Tiveiton,  131!)  Feb.,  1762.  Legacies 
to  daughter  Mary,  wife  of  Robert  Ferries  of  Silverton  ;  to  her 
brother  John  Ferries ;  and  to  daughter  Grace,  wife  of  Henry 
Hill  of  Tiverton. 

Residue  to  wife  Grace,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Seal  "  J.  T.,"  with  an  estoile  over  the  letters. 

Proved    I2th  May,   1762. 


1764.  The  last  Will  of  John  Mortimer,  the  elder,  of 
St.  Nicholas,  Yeoman,  loth  Sept.,  1763.  To  son  Joseph  and 
heirs  of  his  body,  certain  land  in  Kingsteignton  called  Fostwell 
and  Heathfield,  with  remainder  to  other  sons  John  and  William. 
To  said  son  John,  two  leasehold  estates  at  Preston,  in  King- 
steignton. To  daughter  Hannah  Drew,  £\  is.  To  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  said  son  Joseph,  dwelling-house  on  the  Strand  at 
Ringmoie.  To  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  said  son  William,  £,$ 
at  21.  To  sister  Joan  Codner,  .£3  35.  A  debt  of  £40  owing 
by  son  Joseph  is  partly  bequeathed  to  grandsons  Joseph  and 


242  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

John,  sons  of  said  Joseph,  and  partly  to  John,  Ann,  Mary,  and 
William  Mortimer,  children  of  said  son  John.  Residue  to 
said  son  William  Mortimer,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses,  Wm.  and  Mary  Waye  and  Richard  Langdon. 

Proved  August  22nd,   1764. 

NOTE. — Testator  was  son  of  John   Mortimer  of  Uplowman,  and  is 
mentioned  with  sister  Joan.     See  the  will  ante  A.D.  1729 


1766.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Susannah  Mortimer  of 
Dunsford,  granted  to  John  Mortimer  her  husband,  July  I5th, 
1766. 


1767.  William  Mortimer  of  Drevvsteignton,  i8th  Sept.,  1763. 
To  daughter  Mary  Frost,  widow,  small  annuity  and  legacy ; 
the  same  to  daughters  Joanna  "  Houdg  "  and  Thomazine,  wife 
of  John  Buard  ;  and  to  grandson  Joseph  Buard.  Residue,  with 
leasehold  interest  in  Knowle  estate,  to  son  William  Mortimer, 
who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  3Oth  March,  1767. 

NOTE. — Testator  was  son  of  John  Mortimer,  1737  ante,  and  brother 
of  Sampson  Mortimer,  post  1776. 


1767.  The  last  Will  of  Grace  Tucker  of  Tiverton,  Widow, 
ilth  April,  1764. 

Mentions  daughter  Mary,  wife  of  Robert  Ferries  of  Silverton  ; 
grandsons  John  and  George  Ferries  ;  grandchildren  John  and 
Mary,  son  and  daughter  of  Grace,  wife  of  Henry  Hill,  of 
1  iverton. 

Residue  to  said  daughter  Grace  Hill,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  3 1st  March,  1767. 


1767.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Jonathan  Tucker  the 
younger,  of  Exeter,  intestate,  granted  nth  Nov.,  1767,  to 
Mary  his  widow. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  243 

1774.  Nicholas  Tucker  of  Tiverton.  To  brothers  Roger 
and  Edward,  £10  each.  To  niece  Mary  Ferris,  daughter  of 
late  brother  John  Tucker,  £10  ;  to  children  of  brother  Roger, 
John,  and  Elizabeth,  ,£30  and  £,60. 

To  children  of  brother  Edward,  viz.,  Elizabeth  Williams 
and  Ann  Tucker,  ;£io  and  ^5. 

To  niece  Grace  Hill,  daughter  of  said  brother  John,  2Os.  per 
annum,  to  issue  out  of  two  messuages  in  Bampton  Street, 
Tiverton.  Moiety  of  tenement  called  "  The  Eight  Bells," 
near  St.  Peter's  Church,  and  the  three-eighths  part  of  certain 
messuages  (leasehold  i,OOO  years)  to  said  nephew  John 
Tucker. 

Residue  to  Nicholas  Tucker,  son  of  said  brother  Roger, 
who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Crest  Seal — A  mermaid. 

Proved  4th  Jan.,   1774. 


1774.  Richard  Mortimer  of  Dunsford,  2Oth  Nov.,  1768. 
He  gives  his  son  George  the  Dunsford  Mills  and  the  marshes 
adjoining,  "  being  part  of  Court,"  charged  with  2Os.  per  annum 
to  "  my  three  daughters." 

To  Ann,  wife  of  said  George,  £,i    is. 

To  daughters  Elizabeth  and  Ann  Mortimer,  £70  each,  and 
to  daughter  Mary,  wife  of  John  Connett,  £20,  and  one  guinea 
to  her  husband. 

Wife  Ann  to  have  life  interest  both  in  the  mill  and  mes- 
suages. She  is  residuary  legatee  and  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  2Qth  July,   1774. 


1775.  James  Tucker  of  St.  David's  and  city  of  Exeter, 
Innholder,  I3th  April,  1771. 

Mourning  rings  to  David  Cox  of  Ilminster  and  his  wife ; 
to  brother  Win.  Tucker  of  Bath  and  his  wife  ;  to  wife's 
mother  "Mrs.  Bastard;"  to  Anthony  Symons  of  Broadclist  ; 
and  to  Isaac  Sercombe  of  Exeter,  wine  cooper. 

To  wife  £100  and  a  copyhold  estate  at  Stoke  Canon,  in  the 


244  DEVONSHIRE     IV ILLS. 

occupation  of  "Mr.  Devvdney."  Property  to  be  realised  by 
three  trustees,  to  invest  same  for  son  James  Tucker. 

Residue  to  said  son  at  21. 

Proved  by  trustees,  Cox,  Symons,  and  Sercombe,  aforesaid, 
8th  May,  1775. 

NOTE. — Deceased  was  the  owner  and  occupant  of  the  "  Oxford  Inn  " 
in  St.  David's  parish. 


1776.  Sampson  Mortimer  of  Drewsteignton,  22nd  Jan., 
1774.  To  daughter  Elizabeth  an  annuity  of  383.  a  year  out 
of  Knowle,  in  said  parish.  He  mentions  a  legacy  of  £2  given 
her  by  her  grandfather. 

Similar  legacy  to  daughter  Thomazine,  who  is  also  to  have 
a  "  family  spoon  "  lettered  S  M.  Residue  to  son  James,  who 
is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  5th  Jan.,  1776. 

NOTE. — The  legacy  to  "Elizabeth  Mortimer"  is  not  referred  to  in 
the  will  of  her  grandfather.  See  ante.  May,  1737,  John  Mortimer  of 
Drewsteignton. 


1776.     Sarah  Tucker  of  Lympstone,  Widow,  3rd  Sept.,  1771. 

She  leaves  her  freehold  lands  in  said  parish  to  niece  Edith 
Oats,  and  legacies  to  Thomas,  Hugh,  and  Philip  Oats,  sons 
of  said  Edith. 

Proved  24th  June,   1776. 

Seal,  Arms,  and  Crest — The  arms  are  too  indistinct  for 
blazon,  but  the  crest  is  a  demi  sea-horse. 

NOTE. — One  of  the  best  known  coats  of  "  Tucker  "  contains  three 
sea-horses,  but  the  crest  is  a  lion's  gamb. 


1777.     Elizabeth  Tucker  of  Exeter,  Widow,  I7th  Jan.,  1777. 
Legacies  to  son  Joseph  and  to  daughters  Elizabeth  and  Mary. 
Residue  to  son  Wrilliam  Fryer  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 
Proved  27th  Feb.,  1777. 
"  William  Sanford  "  a  witness. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  245 

1778.      Admon.    George    Mortimer   of    Dunsford,    intestate, 
granted  2nd  Feb.,  1778,  to  Ann  the  widow. 


1778.  Ann  Mortimer  of  Dunsford,  3rd  Feb.,  1778.  To 
Elizb.,  wife  of  James  Connett,  .£40,  and  one  guinea,  instead  of 
a  gold  ring,  six  silver  teaspoons,  and  all  the  "  chainea."  To 
daughter  Mary,  wife  of  John  Connett,  £40.  To  daughter-in- 
law  Ann  Mortimer,  £1  is. 

To  George  and  Ann  Connett  she  gives,  inter  altis,  "  my  best 
looking  glass  and  my  new  prayer-book,  with  all  the  tea  dishes, 
saucers,  and  .basons  belonging  to  makeing  of  tea,  except  the 
spoons."  Her  son  George  being  dead,  she  gives  the  residue  of 
the  lease  of  Dunsford  Mills  to  her  daughter-in-law  Ann  Morti- 
mer, with  reversion,  for  the  99  years,  terminable  on  the  death 
of  "  brother  John  Mortimer"  to  George,  John,  Elizabeth,  and 
Richard,  children  of  deceased  son  George. 

Proved  3rd  July,  1778. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  July  agth,   1774,  ante. 


1779.  Philemon  Mortimore  of  Silverton,  I3th  March,  1772. 
Legacies  to  brother  Richard  Mortimore  and  to  sister  Joan,  wife 
of  Thomas  Heard.  Legacies  to  children  of  said  Richard, 
William,  Thomas,  John,  Betty,  and  Ann.  Fee  simple  of  houses 
in  Silverton  to  Mary  Purser  as  long  as  she  remains  a  widow, 
with  remainder  to  "nephew  Richard  Mortimore,"  charged  with 
an  annuity  of  2Os.  to  Jenny,  daughter  of  deceased  brother 
Henry  Mortimore. 

Residue  to  said  Mary  Purser,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  I5th  Oct.,  1779. 


1781.  John  Tucker  of  Tiverton,  Maltster,  I7th  Nov.,  1777. 
To  John  Govett,  surgeon,  and  Beavis  Wood,  gentleman,  both 
of  Tiverton,  certain  property  in  trust  for  wife  Jane  for  life,  with 
remainder  to  son  Thomas  and  Ann  his  wife,  intail  upon  their 
son  John  Tucker. 

There  are  further  remainders  to  daughter  Jane  Hodge  and 


246  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

her  son  John  Hodge  ;  to  son  William  Tucker,  his  heirs  and 
assigns  for  ever. 

Mentions  son  Richard,  his  wife  Betty,  and  their  children 
George  and  John  Tucker ;  granddaughter  Sarah,  daughter  of 
said  son  William  ;  daughter  Susannah  Vickery.  To  said  son 
Thomas  "  the  mourning  ring  presented  to  me  upon  the  death 
of  the  late  Lord  Chief  Justice  Ryder." 

To  said  son  Richard  "  my  scarlet  corporation  gown  and  my 
mourning  ring  for  late  Mr.  William  Wood." 

Residue  to  said  wife  Jane,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  2nd   May,  1781. 

NOTE.— Sir  Dudley  Ryder,  Kt.,  Lord  Chief  Justice  of  the  King's 
Bench,  1754,  died  before  his  elevation  to  the  peerage  (the  patent  for 
which  was  signed  the  day  previously),  25th  May,  1756;  his  son  was 
created  Lord  Harrowby  twenty  years  later.  The  first  peer's  grandson, 
Canon  Ryder  of  Lichfield,  married  secondly,  1841,  Eliza  Julia,  daughter 
of  Lieut. -Col.  John  Tucker,  and  by  her  had  issue.  The  first  peer  was 
M.P.  for  Tiverton. 


1782.  Mary,  wife  of  John  Mortimer  of  Dunsford,  Yeoman, 
8th  May,  1778. 

She  bequeaths  her  separate  estate  of  ;£i8o;  £$o  to  nephew 
Edward  Ramsey  of  Exeter,  schoolmaster,  son  of  brother 
Edward  Ramsey,  deceased.  To  nephew  John  Ramsey  £50. 
To  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Richard  Mortimer  and  wife  of  James 
Connett,  .£30. 

Residue  to  husband    John  Mortimer,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Proved  28th  July,   1782. 


1787.  John  Mortimore  of  Halberton,  3Oth  November,  1786. 
He  leaves  John  Chave,  Esq.,  of  said  parish,  £30  in  trust  for 
daughter  Mary,  wife  of  Robert  Seaman  of  Willand. 

To  daughter  Jane,  wife  of  John  Templeman,  Langford  Bud- 
vile,  Somerset,  £20.  To  daughter  Elizabeth,  wife  of  William 
Webber  of  "  Milocton,"  Somerset,  £20  (Milverton  (?),  near 
Langford  Budville).  To  daughters  Sarah  £20,  and  Susannah 
and  Ann  Mortimore  £60  each.  Daughter  Dinah  Mortimore 
£150,  and  daughter  Joan  Mortimore  £$o. 


DEVONSHIRE     ll'ILLS.  247 

To  said  Trustee  the  estate  known  as  "  Burruges,"  otherwise 
"Joans,"  in  Bradninch,  for  use  of  son  John  Mortimore  at  21. 
To  grandsons  John  and  Thomas  Seaman  £5  each  at  21. 

Residue  to  wife  Hannah,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  9th  February,  1787. 


1789.  Francis  Osmond  of  Lee,  in  Silverton,  I9th  September, 
1787. 

To  two  trustees  Thomas  Osmond  of  Uplowman  and  Thomas 
Rowe  of  Sampford  Peverel,  an  estate  called  Colebrook,  in 
Cullompton,  lately  purchased  of  Richard  Hall  Clarke  for 
benefit  of  daughter  Joan  Osmond  for  life,  charged  with  an 
annuity  of  £5  to  daughter  Sarah,  wife  of  John  Gould. 
Remainder  to  granddaughter  Mary  Gould.  Lands  in  Hal- 
berton  to  similar  uses. 

Residue  to  said  trustees  for  benefit  of  said  daughters. 

Witnesses — Thomas  Floyd,  Henry  Brutton. 

Proved   1 8th  February,   1789. 


1789.  Richard  Mortimore,  late  of  Silverton,  intestate,  to 
Susannah  Mortimore,  widow. 

John  Reynolds  of  Pinhoe  and  William  Mortimore  join  the 
bond. 

9th  April,  1789. 


1795.  Francis  Osmond  of  Halberton,  2Oth  February,  1795. 
Legacies  to  son  John  and  to  daughter  Jenny,  wife  of  Henry 
Brice.  To  granddaughter  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Samuel  and 
Betty  Norrish,  and  to  grandchildren  Samuel,  Richard,  Mary, 
and  Jenny  Norrish. 

To  son  Francis  Osmond  "  Speedland  "  in  Sampford  Peverel, 
charged  with  payment  of  a  mortgage  of  £100,  and  with  an 
annuity  of  403.  to  son  Thomas.  John  Osmond  of  Heavitree  is 
a  trustee. 

Residue  to  son  Robert,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Proved  1 3th  April,  1795. 


248  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1797.  John  Mortimer  of  Ringmore,  in  Stokeintinhead. 
Having  already  provided  for  them,  he  now  leaves  son-in-law 
William  Langley,  daughter  Ann  Langley,  and  eldest  son  John 
Mortimer,  one  guinea  each. 

Mentions  daughter  Catherine  and  granddaughter  Mary 
Langley. 

Residue  to  wife  Ann,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  July,   1797. 


1798.  Frances  Tucker  of  Axminster,  Spinster,  nth  Nov., 
1797.  £250  each  to  brother  George  Tucker;  sister  Sarah,  wife 
of  Rev.  John  Davey  Hodge  of  Leigh,  co.  Essex,  clerk  ;  Betsy, 
Uriah,  and  Mary  Ann  Dare,  children  of  deceased  sister  Eliza- 
beth, wife  of  Uriah  Dare  ;  nieces  Jane  and  Mary  Ann  Andrews, 
daughters  of  Thomas  Andrews  ;  sisters  Ann,  Mary,  and  Amelia 
Tucker.  Smaller  legacies  to  Sarah,  wife  of  Robert  Ackland  of 
Tiverton  ;  Mrs.  Susannah  Tucker  the  elder,  widow,  of  Axminster ; 
Ann,  wife  of  Thomas  Byshop  ;  and  Betty  Spence  of  Colyton. 
To  sister  Mary  aforesaid  "  gold  ring  set  with  pearls."  To  said 
sister  Amelia  "  miniature  picture  and  silver  castors.' 

To  godmothers  Sarah  Tucker  and  Ann,  wife  of  John  Liddon 
of  Axminster,  £,2  I2s.  6d.  each  for  rin^s.  The  same  to  Elizabeth, 
wife  of  John  Joy  of  Glastonbury,  Esquiie.  To  sister-in-law 
Elizabeth  Tucker  "gold  ear-rings  and  drops"  ;  to  Sarah,  wife  of 
Rev.  Mr.  Mules,  of  Ilminster,  "red  morocco  pocket-book  bound 
with  silver." 

"To  Phocion  Dare  of  Lyme  Regis,  druggist,  a  mourning  ring 
for  his  kind  attention  to  me  when  I  was  confined  at  his  house 
at  Taunton." 

Residue  to  said  brother  George,  who  is  Sole  Executor. 

Proved  6th  August,  1798. 


1798.  Gregory  Osmond  of  Newton  St.  Cyres,  I5th  June, 
1798.  Legacies  to  daughter  Elizabeth,  wife  of  William  Ellis, 
and  to  daughter  Ann,  wife  of  James  Moxey.  To  son  Edward 
£50  in  trust  for  granddaughter  Mary  Ann  Butter. 

Residue  to  said  son  Edward,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  2nd  Nov.,   1798. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  249 

1805.     Adinon.  of  Thomas  Osmond  of  Uplovvman,  intestate, 
granted  May  2/th,  1805,  to  Thomas  his  son. 


1806.  Mary  Osmond  of  Silverton,  Widow,  3Oth  May,  1805. 
Legacies  to  nephews  Charles,  Robert,  and  John,  sons  of  brother 
Robert  Rowe.  To  nieces  Mary  Berne,  Elizabeth  Morgan,  and 
Mary  Mortimer,  Mary  Symes,  Emmeline  Flood,  and  Thomasine 
Drake,  ,£150  each.  To  nephew  John  Payne,  nephews  Richard, 
Charles,  Robert,  and  James,  sons  of  brother  Richard  Rowe  and 
their  sister  Martha  Hewitt.  Mentions  "  John  and  Philip  Bas- 
tard "  of  Silverton,  "  the  five  childien  "  of  former,  and  John,  son 
of  Philip  Bastard.  £350  for  benefit  of  Mary,  daughter  of  niece 
Elizabeth  Salter,  and  £50  to  Elizabeth,  another  daughter  of 
said  Elizabeth  Salter. 

Residue  for  benefit  of  said   niece  Elizabeth  Salter. 

Proved  by  Trustees  as  Executors,  24th  Oct.,   1806. 

Witnesses — E.  Spry,  John  Puyh. 


1810.  James  Osmond  of  Halberton,  /th  March,  1804.  He 
leaves  his  moiety  of  Neither  Mill,  in  the  parish  of  Halberton, 
to  his  son-in-law  Henry  Radford,  with  remainder  to  daughter 
Sarah  Radford  for  life,  to  revert  to  her  son  James  Osmond 
Radford,  in  trust,  male  or  female,  for  ever. 

To  sister's  son  John  Quant  of  Bradninch,  all  wearing 
apparel. 

Proved  26th  April,   1810. 


1823.     Francis  Osmond  of  Halberton,  2/th  June,   1822. 

To  son  Francis  ;£iOO  charged  on  "  Speedland  "  in  Sampford 
Peverel,  after  decease  of  brother  Thomas  Osmond.  Legacy 
to  son  Richard. 

£25  each  to  daughters  Sarah,  wife  of  John  Kerslake,  Eliza- 
beth, Joan,  Mary  Ann,  and  Charlotte  Osmond. 

Speedwell  estate  to  wife  Sarah,  who  is  residuary  legatee 
and  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   i6th  January,   1823. 


250  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 


PART    II. 


ARCHDEACONRY    OF     BARNSTAPLE. 


1563.  The  last  Will  of  David  Melhuish  of  Knowstone, 
dated  I3th  August,  1563.  Legacies  to  the  "  poor  men's  box" 
of  his  parish,  and  to  that  of  Cruse  Morchard.  Bequests  to 
"  Richard  Melhuish  and  to  John  Comyn."  Residue  to  wife 
Johane  and  to  Philip  Shapcote,  who  are  joint  Executors. 

Proved   I3th  Sept.,  1563. 


1565.  William  Hamlyne  of  Frithelstock,  I2th  Dec.,  1565. 
With  other  bequests,  he  leaves  his  son  Hugh  Hamlyne  "  a 
sylver  spoone  and  a  sheepe,"  and  there  is  a  similar  bequest  to 
son  William. 

Residue  to  wife  Joan,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   I2th  Feby.,   1565-66. 


1573.  The  last  Will  of  John  Tocker  of  West  Buckland, 
25th  Feby.,  1573. 

Mentions  son  George  and  daughter  Urithe ;  gives  former  his 
sheep,  in  the  parish  of  Countisbury. 

Legacies  to  Margaret  Shaplonde  and  Davie  Holsworthie. 

Residue  to  wife  Elizabeth  and  son  John,  who  are  joint 
Exors. 

Witnesses — David  Kente,  parson  of  West  Buckland  ;  John 
Waite  and  George  Harris,  parishioners  ;  and  Oliver  Tocker  of 
Chawlegh. 

Proved  27th  March,  1573. 


DE  VONSHIRE     WIL  I.S. 


25' 


1593.  The  last  Will  of  Joane  Sanger  of  Maryansleigh, 
Widow,  1 2th  March,  1592.  Legacies  for  repair  of  the  church 
and  to  the  poor. 

To  godson,  son  Roger  Sanger,   I2d. 

Legacies  to  goddaughter  Amye  Smale  and  son  Thomas 
Sanger.  Residue  to  John,  "  my  youngest  son  of  that  name." 
He  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  2 1st  June,   1593. 


1597.  Elizabeth  Hatch  of  Salterleigh,  Spinster,  26th  April, 
1597.  Bequests  to  poor  of  Salterleigh;  to  sister  Gertrude's 
children  Marmaduke  and  Hugh  Walsh  ;  to  nephews  Robert 
and  Lewis,  brother  Robert's  children. 

Residue  to  Rev.  Hugh  Tooker,  Clerk,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  July,  1597. 

NOTE. — See  will  of  Robert  Hatch,  October,  1644,  post. 


1597.  The  last  Will  of  Emmeline  Hamlyn,  Widow,  of 
Tawstock,  5th  March,  1589.  Mentions  sons  Richard  and 
William,  and  gives  them  certain  household  effects. 

Residue  to  son  Christopher  Hamlyn,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses — Richard  Stribling  the  elder  and  Richard  Strib- 
ling  of  Exeter,  minister. 

Proved   1st  April,  1597. 


1606-7.  The  last  Will  of  Christopher  Wood  of  Ashridge,  in 
the  parish  of  North  Tawton,  Esquire,  25th  Nov.,  1606. 

To  be  buried  in  south  aisle  of  parish  church,  and  leaves  to 
its  "  reparacion  "  403. 

To  the  poor  loos.  To  grandson  Christopher,  son  of  John 
Wood,  £40. 

Mentions  grandson  John,  another  son  of  said  John  Wood. 

Residue  to  wife  Katherine,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  7th  March,  1606-7. 

NOTE. — Testator's  wife  Katherine  was  the  daughter  of  Sir  John 
"Windham"  of  Orchard  Windham,  co,  Somerset,  and  is  mentioned  in 


252  DE  VONSH1RE     WILLS. 

the  will  of  her  father,  proved  28th  April,  1575.  Her  brother  John 
"  Wyndham  "  was  the  grandfather  of  Sir  Wm.  Wyndham,  created  a 
baronet  i3th  Charles  II.,  1662.  The  fourth  baronet,  by  a  limitation, 
succeeded  to  the  Egremont  title,  on  the  death  of  his  uncle  Algernon, 
Duke  of  Somerset.  The  earldom  of  Egremont  became  extinct  April, 
1845- 


1610.      Laurence     Densham     of     Lapford.       Administration 
granted   nth  March,  1610,  to  Joane  his  widow. 


1612.  Admon.  Hugh  Hamlyn  of  Bideford,  granted  6th  May, 
1612,  to  Thomasine  his  wife.  John  Jarman  of  Bideford  joins 
the  bond. 


1613.  The  last  Will  of  Nicholas  Mortymer  of  Winkleigh, 
2nd  Dec.,  1611. 

To  the  poor  of  the  parish  2s.  ;  to  Charethie  Mortymer  "my 
beste  bande  and  my  best  stockins  ;  to  Elizabeth  Hatherleigh 
my  second  beste  dublett  and  jerkyn,  my  best  wastcoatt,  and 
one  canvas  shirt ;  to  Samuel  Crocker  my  second  best  jerkyn  ; 
to  Barnard  Reed  my  greene  breeches  ;  to  Johane  Joanes  my 
best  shoes  ;  to  Johane  Bynford  my  blue  stockins  ;  to  Samuel 
Crocker  my  new  canvas  shirt ;  to  Joha  Hatherleigh  my  best 
halt" 

Residue  to  Master  Andrew  Beare,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved   nth  Dec.,   1613. 


1614.       Admon.     William      Densham    of     Lapford,    granted 
28th  April,   1614,  to  Joan  his  relict. 


1615.  The  last  Will  of  William  Mortimore,  otherwise 
Tanner,  of  Fremington,  A.D.  1614  (month  omitted).  Legacies 
to  the  poor  and  to  sons  William,  Matthew,  and  James  Tanner. 
To  daughter  Ellynor  six  silver  spoons. 

Residue  to  wife  Ellynor,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Two  Trustees,  viz.,  William  Farechilde  and   Robert   Hill. 

Witnesses — Robert  Hill  and  Thomas  Pamer  (?  Palmer). 

Proved    I2th  Sept.,   1615. 


DEVONSHIRE    WILLS.  253 

1618.  Richard  Densham  of  Lapford.  Administration  granted 
29th  Oct.,  1618,  of  goods  unadministered  by  Johan  his  mother, 
to  John  Densham  his  son. 


1619.  John  Hamlyn  of  Tavvstock,  3ist  May,  1619.  To 
son  Marmaduke  "  my  best  doublett  and  jerkyn."  Legacies  to 
brothers  William,  Christopher,  and  Richard,  and  to  godson 
Richard  Hamlyn. 

Residue  to  wife  Sidwell  for  life,  with  reversion  to  said 
Marmaduke  Hamlyn. 

Proved  4th  May,  1619. 


1625.     Walter  Hammett  of   Northam.      Admon.  granted  to 
Dorothy  his  widow,  6th  Oct.,   1625. 
Sum  £13    is.  4d. 

NOTE. — James  Hammett,  eldest  son  of  Richard  H.  and  Elizabeth 
Risdon,  second  son  of  Richard  Hammett  of  Clovelly,  and  Thomasine 
Hamlyn,  changed  his  name  to  Hamlyn,  by  Act  of  Parliament,  in  1760. 
He  was  created  a  baronet  in  1795. 


1628.     Richard   Hamlyn  of  Tawstock,   loth  Feby.,  1624. 
Mentions    sons    Richard,    John,    William,    and    Giles,     and 
daughter  Mary. 

Residue  to  wife  Mary,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 
Codicil  dated  5th  Dec,   1628. 
Proved  26th  Feby.,  1628-29. 


1637.  The  last  Will  of  Elinor  Mortimore,  otherwise  Tanner, 
of  Fremington,  Widow.  She  desires  to  be  buried  in  the 
parish  churchyard,  just  by  the  chancel  door,  near  to  the 
"sepulchre"  of  husband  William  Mortimore,  alias  Tanner,  and 
leaves  IDS.  to  the  poor  of  the  parish.  Mentions  sons  Matthew 
and  Henry  Mortimore,  alias  Tanner,  and  daughter  Elinor 


254  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Friend  ;  also  son  Tymothy  Hatherley  and  daughter  Eylin 
Hanver. 

Residue  to  said  daughter  Elinor  Friend,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Witnesses — William  Blanchard,  minister  ;    John  Barwicke. 

Proved  3Oth  Aug.,  1637. 

NOTE.  —  Refer  to  her  husband's  will,   i2th  Sept.,    1615,  ante. 


1637.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Lewis  Hatch  of 
Salterleigh,  granted  1/j.th  April,  1637,  to  Robert  his  father. 
John  Fisher  of  Nymet  St.  George,  Clerk,  joins  the  bond 
(during  minority  of  Lewis  and  Thomas,  younger  children  of 
deceased). 


1643.     Mary   Hamlyn  of  Tawstock,  Widow,    1st  April,  1643, 
Mentions  sons   Richard,   John,    and    William,   and    daughter 
Mary,  granddaughter  Dorothy,  child  of   said  Mary. 
Sister  Dorothy  Shorte,  and  godson  "  William  Shorte." 
Residue  to  son  Giles  Hamlyn,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 
Proved  23rd  Sept.,  1643. 


1644.  The  last  Will  of  Robert  Hatch  of  Salterleigh,  Gentle- 
man, 2oth  April,  1642.  Bequests  to  the  poor  and  parish 
church.  To  wife  Margery  certain  furniture  at  "  Hatchington, 
in  the  parish  of  Swimbridge."  Mentions  daughter-in-law  Chris- 
tian Hatche,  widow  of  son  Lewis  Hatche  deceased,  their  children 
Robert  ("  my  grandchild  and  heir  apparent "),  Lewis,  and 
Thomas  Hatche.  He  leaves  said  Lewis  Hatche  the  tenement 
known  as  Uphome,  in  Cheriton,  after  the  death  of  his  said 
mother  Christian.  Mentions  son-in-law  John  Mayne  and 
nephews  Marmaduke  and  Hugh  Welsh. 

Residue  to  said  grandchild  Robert  Hatch,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 
Overseers,  John  Fisher,  Clerk,  Hugh  Sparke,  and  John  Paul, 

Proved    I4th  Oct.,    1644. 

NOTE. — There  are  many  discrepancies  and  inaccuracies  both  in  the 
pedigrees  and  historical  notices  of  the  family  of  Hatch. 

They  derived  their  name  from  the  manor  of  Hache,  written  Hax  in 


DE  VONSHIKE     WILLS.  255 

Domesday,  which  belonged  at  the  Conquest  to  Baldwin  de  Brion,  and 
subsequently  to  Arundel.  Upon  this  estate,  in  the  parish  of  Loddis- 
well,  "  John  of  Hach,"  supposed  to  have  been  son  and  heir  of  "  Adam 
of  Hach,"  resided  in  1345-6.  Their  descendant  Jeffry  Hatch,  described 
as  of  "Wolleigh,"  in  the  parish  of  Beaford,  was  really  of  Soutli  Molton, 
and  gave  name  to  an  estate  there,  hence  known  as  Hatch,  which  has 
assisted  the  confusion  I  have  noted. 

This  Jeffry  Hatch,  of  South  Molton,  appears  to  have  had  two  sons. 
The  elder  of  these,  John  Hatch,  was  the  great  grandfather  of  Robert 
Hatch,  who,  by  his  marriage  with  Wenlyan,  daughter  and  heir  of  Sir 
John  Murdock,  Kt.,  became  possessed  of  Wolleigh.  This  Robert  died 
in  1406  (Inq.  p.  m.  7th  Henry  IV.),  and  his  branch  became  extinct  in 
male  line  about  the  middle  of  the  sixteenth  century,  when  the  Wolleigh 
property  went  with  the  daughter  and  heir  to  Mallet ;  but  William  and 
Oliver  Hatch,  baptised  at  Kenwyn  1614  and  1616,  were  cadets  of  the 
Wolleigh  line,  and  the  former  had  a  grandson,  John  Hatch,  baptised 
there  in  1673. 

The  second  son  of  Jeffry  Hatch  of  South  Molton,  Gilbert  Hatch, 
married  Claris,  daughter  and  heir  of  William  de  Awre  of  Awre,  com- 
monly called  Aller,  in  South  Molton.  Thomas  Hatch  of  Aller,  fifth  in 
descent  from  Gilbert,  was  the  father  of  Lewis  Hatch  of  Aller,  whose 
line  terminated  late  in  the  eighteenth  century,  upon  the  death  of 
Thomas  Hatch,  cousin  and  heir  of  Elizabeth  (will  proved  1747),  grand- 
daughter and  heir  of  John  Hatch  of  Aller.  Will  proved  1731-2. 

Thomas  Hatch,  father  of  said  Lewis,  had  also  a  third  son,  Robert 
Hatch,  who  has  been  entirely  overlooked  by  the  heralds,  and  he  was 
the  father  of  Robert  Hatch,  the  above  testator,  and  also  of  two 
daughters,  Gertrude  and  Elizabeth,  who  are  likewise  omitted  from  the 
visitation  pedigrees.  The  father  of  the  testator,  Robert  Hatch,  married 
Joan  Parker  of  South  Molton,  and  received  by  deed  of  gift  from  his 
father,  Thomas,  the  Salterleigh  property,  by  indenture  dated  loth  Dec., 

1553- 

The  Salterleigh  branch  of  the  Hatch  family  terminated  with  co-heirs 
married  to  Stafford,  Drake,  and  Burdock,  upon  the  death  of  Robert 
Hatch  of  Salterleigh,  who  was  buried  there  i3th  Dec.,  1699. 


1662.  The  last  Will  of  Christopher  Wood  of  Ash  ridge,  in 
the  parish  of  Northtavvton,  Esquire,  I5th  Oct.,  1661.  Legacies 
to  poor ;  to  wife  Mary  and  daughter  Mary ;  daughter-in-law 
Elizabeth,  wife  of  son  and  heir  Christopher.  Residue  to  wife 
Mary,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  22nd  June,   1662. 

NOTE. — Mary  (Fowell)  was  testator's  second  wife;  she  died  1683. 
Ashridge  subsequently  belonged  to  the  Skinners,  who  held  it  for  some 
descents.  The  daughters  and  co-heirs  of  the  last  Skinner  of  Ashridge 
married  Orchard,  and  Sheriff,  and  the  property  now  belongs  to  the  late 
Mrs.  Orchard's  grandson,  Major  Charles  Orchard  Cornish,  late  i8th, 
Royal  Irish,  and  73rd  Regiments.  See  my  "  Devonshire  Parishes," 
Vol.  II.,  p.  72. 


256  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1665.      Administration    to    the    effects    of    Roger   Sanger   of 
Mariansleigh,  to  "  Sarah  Sanger,  Widow." 
Henry  Sanger  joins  the  bond. 
Sum  £94  iis. 


1669.  Sara  Sanger  of  "  Marley,"  Widow,  nth  Jan.,  1668. 
Legacies  to  son  John  Sanger,  to  daughter  Marian  Vicary,  and 
grandson  Joseph  Vicary  and  his  three  brothers,  and  their 
sisters  Sibil  and  Francis. 

The  latter  to  have  my  "jump  coat  and  one  of  my  pewter 
dishes." 

To  the  children  of  John,  James,  Henry,  and  Elias  Sanger 
2s.  each. 

Residue  to    youngest    son  Elias    Sanger,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved   I4th  April,   1669. 

Inventory  exhibited  by  Roger  and  Jonathan  Sanger  and 
William  Adams. 

NOTE. — "  Marley"  is  a  corruption  of  Mary  Ansleigh,  and  about  two 
miles  from  Meshaw,  in  the  same  hundred  and  deanery.  This  parish 
is  called  in  some  old  documents  "  Anstey  St.  Mary." 


1669.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Wilmot  Hamlyn, 
granted  5th  Feby.,  1669,  to  William  Hamlyn  of  Hartland,  her 
son. 

Sum  £41    133.  6d. 


1672.     The  account  of  William    Hamlyn,  son,  and  adminis- 
trator of  Wilmot   Hamlyn   of  Hartland,  dated  7th  Dec.,    1672. 
Sum  of  personalty  £41    133.  6d. 
For  funeral  expenses  £2. 
Letters  of  admon.   123.  6d. 

Drawing  and  double  writing  the  accompt  los.  6d. 
Balance  £38   los.  6d. 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  257 

1673-4.  The  last  Will  of  Lewis  "  Hacche "  of  Satterley, 
"minister  of  the  Gospel,"  i/th  June,  1673.  Desires  to  be  buried 
in  the  "  little  window  of  the  chancel  of  Satterleigh  Church." 
Bequeaths  "  my  books "  to  nephew  Robert  Hacche,  and  other 
books  to  <;  Mrs.  Hildersham."  Mentions  "sister  Mrs.  Sarah 
Hacche,"  cousin  Christian  Hacche,  "  Uncle  Lavercombe,"  cousin 
John  Nott,  and  Thomas  Nott  his  son  ;  Thomas  Wade,  his  wife 
and  their  son  Lewis  Wade  ;  John  Pincombe  of  Warkleigh. 

Residue  to  brother  "  Robert  Hacche,  Esq.,"  who  is  Sole 
Exor. 

Proved  6th  Feb.,   1673-4. 


1674.  The  last  Will  of  William  Mortymer  of  Great  Tor- 
rington,  dated  I7th  Feb.,  1673. 

He  leaves  directions  for  a  funeral  sermon  from  the  text 
Cor.  ii ,  c.  13,  v.  u,  "Finally,  brethren,  farewell."  To  son 
Gyles  a  charge  of  i8s.  per  annum  out  of  the  house  of  Anthony 
Budd  during  the  life  of  Francis  Budd,  as  per  indenture,  &c., 
of  Charles  Budd,  brother  of  the  aforesaid  Anthony  and 
Francis. 

To  said  son  "  my  signet  ring,"  &c. 

To  daughter  Agnes  Mortymer  £100,  i.e.,  £$O  on  marriage, 
and  £50  on  the  birth  of  "her  living  child,"  and  there  is  a 
like  legacy  to  daughter  Dorothy  Mortymer.  Legacies  to  poor 
of  Torrington  ;  to  goddaughter  Mary,  daughter  of  Anthony 
Budd  ;  to  Cosen  Ann,  daughter  of  Charles  Budd  ;  and  to 
brother  George  Mortymer's  daughters.  Mentions  "  my  son " 
"  An  "  Payne  and  brother  "  An  "  Budd. 

Exors.,  wife  Agnes  and  son  Gyles ;  brother  "  An "  Budd 
and  George  Mortymer  to  be  joint  Exors.  in  trust. 

Seal,  a  heait,  with  letters  "  W.  M." 

Proved  4th  July,   1674. 


1675.  The  last  Will  of  William  Mortymer  of  Kentisbury, 
Yeoman,  I3th  Aug.,  1674.  Legacies  to  poor  of  said  parish, 
and  to  the  poor  of  Great  Torrington,  Benynarber,  Comb  Martin, 

and  Parracombe.      To  daughter-in-law    Agnes  Mortymer,  and 
18 


•  258  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

to  Agnes  and  Dorothy,  daughters  of  son  William  Mortymer, 
deceased.  To  kinsman  Giles  Mortymer,  to  daughter-in-law 
Philippa  Budd,  and  to  her  six  children.  To  son-in-law  Francis 
Budd  and  to  his  seven  children  Winifred,  Agnes,  Giles,  Mary, 
Wrilmot,  Ellinor,  and  Francis  Budd.  To  Agnes  and  Elizabeth, 
daughters  of  said  Giles  Mortymer. 

To  son  Thomas  Mortymer  certain  lands  in  Berrynarber  and 
others  in  possession  of  Amias  Serrill.  Mentions  said  son's 
daughters,  Agnes  and  Dorothy.  Dorothy,  daughter  of  son 
George  Mortymer,  has  £100  and  right  in  "  Colley,"  testator's 
residence.  Mentions  Agnes,  sister  of  last  mentioned  Dorothy, 
and  her  mother  Wilmott  Mortymer. 

Residue  to  son  George,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Overseers — Francis  and  Anthony  Budd. 

Proved  7th  May,   1675. 


1679.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Grace  Hamlyn  of  Parkham, 
granted  5th  July,  1679,  to  Margaret,  wife  of  Richard  Payne 
of  Stratton,  Co.  Cornwall. 


1684.  The  last  Will  of  Roger  Sanger  of  Meshaw,  alias 
Meshutt,  2Oth  April,  1684.  To  the  poor  of  Meshaw  and 
"Marleigh"  (Mary  Ansleigh)  los.  each.  He  leaves  his  lease- 
hold estate  Prescott,  on  which  he  resides,  held  on  the  lives  of 
"me  Roger  Sanger  and  Agnes  my  wife,"  "if  Roger,  son  of 
brother  Jonathan,  soe  long  live,"  to  said  Roger  his  nephew, 
charged  with  an  annuity  of  £20  to  kinswoman  Elizabeth 
Lithiby.  To  kinsman  Wm.  Chardon  of  Romansleigh,  .£10. 
Part  of  a  sum  of  £12  advanced  by  said  William  for  William 
Adams  of  Marleigh.  Legacies  to  kinsfolk  Ann,  William,  and 
Joshua  Lithiby  the  younger,  and  to  Daniel,  son  of  Wm. 
Chardon. 

Residue  to  wife  Agnes,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  May  (?),  1684. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  259 

1685.     Agnes   Sangcr  of  Meshaw,  Widow,   i8th  June,  1684. 

Legacies  to  kinsfolk  John,  William,  and  Ann  Lithiby,  and 
to  John,  son  of  William  Addams. 

To  Alexander  Addams ;  to  kinswoman  Ann  Lithiby  the 
elder. 

Residue  to  kinswoman  Elizabeth  Lithiby,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Trustees,   Edward  Kemp  and  John  Addams. 

Witnesses,  Edward   Kemp  and  Lewis    Deamant  (Daymant). 

Proved  Sept.  (?),  1685. 


1685.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  John  Tussle  of  Barnstaple, 
granted   loth  April,   1685,  to  Katherine  his  widow. 
43.  id. 


1686.  The  last  Will  of  Jonathan  Sanger  of  Marleigh,  alias 
Maryansleigh,  2Oth  Jan.,  1682.  To  the  poor  of  the  parish,  2s. 

"Having  already  settled  a  competent  maintenance  upon  my 
wife  Johana,  I  give  her  the  lands  and  tenements  settled  on  her 
in  bar  of  her  dower,"  together  with  the  use  of  certain  furniture. 
To  son  Nicholas,  los  ;  to  son  Roger,  "  my  right  in  Bourne 
Park";  to  son  Elias,  ''my  right  in  Upcote";  to  daughters 
Dorothy  and  Johane,  £$o  each. 

There  are  arrangements  for  the  maintenance  of  son  Alexander. 

Overseers,  kinsmen  Richard  and  Elias  Bray. 

Witnesses,  John  Spencer,  John   Addams,  and    John  Treble. 

Sum  £804  135.  4d. 

No  "  act  "  of  proof. 

In  Calendar,  Probate  4th  Feb.,  1686. 


1686.  Agnes  Mortimer  of  Great  Torrington,  Widow,  I4th 
Jan.,  1683.  Legacies  to  son  Giles  Mortimer  and  his  six 
children;  to  daughter-in-law  Philippis  Mortimer;  to  daughter 
Anne,  wife  of  Anthony  Payne  ;  and  to  her  five  children. 

Residue  to  daughter  Dorothy,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  Oct.  2nd,  1686. 


260  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1687.  The  last  Will  of  William  Hamlyn  of  Barnstaple, 
dated  3Otli  Nov.,  1687.  Bequests  to  brother  James  Hamlyn, 
sisters  Martha  and  Hannah  Hamlyn,  cousins  Mary  and 
Rebecca  Lancey. 

Residue  to  wife  Mary,  who  is   Sole   Executrix. 

Proved   I3th  Feb.,    1687. 


1692.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Hamlyn  of  Tawstock, 
Yeoman,  dated  3Oth  March,  1687.  Mentions  daughters  Mary 
and  Katherine,  sons  John  and  James  Hamlyn. 

Residue  to  wife  Katherine,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Codicil  dated   nth  Nov.,  1690. 

Proved   I7th  Feb.,  1692. 


1693.  The  last  Will  of  John  "  Hamlin "  of  Abbotsham, 
24th  April,  1691. 

Mentions  sons  William  and  Richard,  grandchildren  Richard 
and  Grace  Ellis. 

Residue  to  daughter  Agnes  "  Hamling,"  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved  3rd  Feb.,   1693. 


1693.  The  last  Will  of  John  Hamlyn  of  Barnstaple,  dated 
22nd  Feb.,  1692. 

Mentions  his  two  daughters  Rachel  wife  of  Thomas  Wel- 
lington of  Barnstaple  and  Mary  Hamlyn. 

Grandson  John  Lancey  (?),  granddaughters  Margaret,  Dorothy, 
and  Elizabeth  Lancey  (?). 

Residue  to  daughter  Mary  Hamlyn,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   ist  September,   1693. 

NOTE. — The  name  of  Willington,  above  written  "  Wellington,"  is  of 
great  repute  and  antiquity  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Barnstnple.  Ori- 
ginally seated  at  Willington,  in  Derbyshire,  Sir  Ralph  de  Willington, 
living  1252,  migrated  to  Devonshire  in  consequence  of  his  marriage 
with  Joan,  daughter  and  heir  of  William  Champernowne,  of  Umber- 
leigh  and  adjacent  parishes,  property  which  had  been  derived  from  the 
Soleignys,  by  the  marriage  of  Mabel  de  Soleigny  with  Jordan  Champer- 
nowne, the  said  Mabel  having  been  the  granddaughter  of  Gilbert  de 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  261 

Soleigny,  of  Stoke  Rivers  and  Umberleigh,  by  his  wife,  Lady  Avis 
Redvers,  daughter  of  Baldwin,  second  Earl  of  Devon,  and  aunt  of 
Lady  Avis,  wife  of  Sir  Hugh  Worthe,  of  Worth,  knight. 

The  son  and  heir  of  Sir  Ralph  Willington  and  Joan  Champernowne 
was  Governor  of  Exeter  Castle  in  1253,  and  Sheriff  of  Devon  four 
years  later.  His  eldest  son,  Sir  John  Willington,  was  created  Lord 
Willington  of  Keirkenny,  by  writ  of  n  Edward  I.,  1283,  and  was  patron 
of  the  Church  of  High  Bickington  in  1309.  This  first  Lord  Keirkenny 
had  a  son,  who  succeeded  as  second  lord,  and  also  seven  brothers. 
The  third  of  the  latter,  Sir  Reginald  Willington,  was  found  heir-at-law 
to  his  nephew,  Lord  Keirkenny,  in  1348,  aiid  also  died  childless. 
Another  of  the  brothers  was  killed  at  Borough  Bridge,  another  was 
beheaded  in  1322,  another  was  a  priest.  The  heritage  ultimately  came 
to  Lord  Keirkenny's  youngest  uncle,  William  Willington,  of  Huntshaw, 
who  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  Sir  Alexander  Freviile,  by  his  wife, 
a  co-heir  of  Marmion.  The  last  heir  male  of  the  elder  line,  John 
Willington,  of  Umberleigh,  died  S.P.  1397.  And  all  the  lands,  inclusive 
of  the  claim  to  the  then  dormant  barony  of  Keirkenny,  weie  divided 
between  his  sisters,  whilst  the  peerage  honours  have  since  been  in 
abeyance  amongst  their  posterity.  The  eldest  sister  and  co-heir, 
Isabel  Willington,  married  William  Beaumont,  and  had  the  Umberleigh 
and  other  property,  which  ultimately  passed  to  the  Bassets.  Her 
younger  sister,  Margaret  Willington,  married  Sir  John  Worthe,  of  Worth, 
in  Washfield,  and  brought  the  Worthes  considerable  estates  in  Barnstaple 
and  Braunton,  which  were  ultimately  entailed  upon  the  second  house  of 
Worthe,  settled  at  Compton,  in  the  parish  of  Marldon,  an  estate  derived 
from  the  marriage  of  Sir  John  Worthe,  father-in-law  of  Margaret  Wil- 
lington, with  Cicelye,  daughter  and  co-heir  of  Sir  John  Doddescombe. 
See  notes  to  Worthe  wills,  ante  pp.  21,  44,  52,  etc. 

The  Willingtons  of  Tamworth,  Co.  Warwick,  and  of  Killoskehane, 
and  of  Castle  Willington,  County  Tipperary,  both  claim  to  be  cadets  of 
this  truly  historical  family,  and  their  genealogies,  as  such,  are  inserted 
in  Burke's  "  Landed  Gentry." 


1697.     The    Inventory    of  William    Rawle,   late   of   Chittle- 
hampton,  deceased,  Yeoman,  exhibited  25th  Feb.,  1697. 


1702.  The  last  Will  of  William  Hamblyn  of  Hartland, 
6th  May,  7th  William  the  Third  (1695). 

Bequests  to  wardens  for  repair  of  the  church,  2Os.  To 
brothers  John  and  Thomas.  To  godchildren  Henry  Snowe  ; 
Wilmot,  wife  of  John  Alford  ;  William,  son  of  Richard  Sherme  ; 
Thomas,  son  of  John  Barons  ;  and  Ishmael,  son  of  Margaret 
Smale. 

Residue  to  wife  Amy  Hamlyn,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  6th  March,   1702. 

Sum  £101   73.  6d. 


262  DE  VONSH1RE     WILLS. 

1702.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Joseph  Hamlyn  of 
"  Clovelleigh,"  granted  4th  July,  1702,  to  Christiana  his  wife. 

William  Hamlyn  of  "  Woolsery,"  yeoman,  and  William 
Hamlyn  of  "  Clovelleigh,"  yeoman,  join  the  bond. 

Sum  .£160  145.  2d. 


1703.  George  Mortimer  of  Kentisbury,  lotli  Oct.,  1702. 
Legacies  to  poor  of  said  parish,  and  to  those  of  Comb  Martin, 
Trentisho,  and  Parracombe.  Tenement  in  Trentisho  to  son- 
in-law  William  Knight,  after  the  death  of  Julian  Gubb.  To 
daughter  Dorothy  Knight,  £10.  Legacies  to  grandchildren 
William,  Elizabeth,  Dorothy,  and  George  Knight  ;  grand- 
daughter Agnes  Hamond. 

Residue  to  son-in-law  William  Knight,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses,  John  Courtney,  William.  Herding,  Robert  Troute. 

Proved  22nd  June,   1703. 


1705.  Thomas  Mortimer  of  Berrynarber,  Yeoman,  2ist  Aug., 
1705.  Legacies  to  daughter  Dorothy  and  her  husband  William 
Lerwill ;  to  grandchild  Ann,  daughter  of  George  Bowden  ;  to 
daughter  Wilmot  Mortimer.  Mentions  "  cosen "  W7illiam 
Knight,  "  senr.,"  of  Kentisbury.  Said  Wilmot  to  have  fee- 
simple  estate  in  Berrynarber,  with  remainder  to  daughter 
"  Thamsin  Witheridge's '"'  children.  To  son-in-law  John 
Witheridge,  53. 

To  poor  of  Berrynarber  and  Comb  Martin,  2Os.  each.  Legacies 
to  "cosen"  William  Knight  of  Kentisbury  and  to  his  four 
children  William,  George,  Elizabeth,  and  Dorothy  Knight. 

Residue  to  son-in-law  George  Bowden,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  5th  Oct.,   1705. 


1706.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  John  Hamlyn  of  Tawstock, 
granted  7th  March,  1706,  to  Gertrude  his  wife.  James  Hamlyn, 
Yeoman,  and  Richard  Limbery  join  the  bond. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  263 

1709.  The  last  Will  of  Catherine  Hamlyn  of  Tawstock, 
2nd  April,  1708.  Bequests  to  poor,  2OS  ;  to  son  James 
Hamlyn,  his  wife  Honor,  and  to  their  children  James  and  Mary; 
to  daughter  Mary  Mattack,  and  daughter-in-law  Gartherett 
Hamlyn;  to  Judith,  wife  of  Richard  Budd,  "second  best  cote 
of  staining  cloth." 

Residue  to  daughter  Catherine  Hamlyn,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Overseer,   brother  William   Berry. 

Proved  6th  May,  1709. 

Sum  £139  I2s.  6d. 


1709.  The  last  Will  of  Amy  Hamlyn  of  Hartland,  Widow, 
8th  Feb.,  1708-9. 

Bequests  to  parish  church  ;  to  sister  Rebecca  Wakely  and 
to  James  and  Richard  Wakely  ;  to  Agnes  Yeo,  Richard 
Sherme,  and  to  latter's  sons  William,  Hugh,  and  Richard  ;  to 
sister  Mary  Vine ;  to  godchildren  Matthew  Bragg  and  John 
Batisholl  ;  to  Oliver  Simon's  wife  and  her  son  Charles  Budd  ; 
to  Eme,  daughter  of  William  Brown,  Susan  Bawdon,  James 
Vine,  and  Thomasine  his  wife. 

She  leaves  her  right  in  Ponsdowne,  in  the  parish  of  Pan- 
craswick,  to  William,  son  of  William  Brown.  To  John  Vine, 
I  OS. 

Residue  to  said  William  Brown  the  younger,  who  is  Sole 
Exor. 

Proved  4th  Nov.,  1709. 

Armorial  Seal — A  fesse  between  three  mullets  (argent,  a 
fesse  between  three  mullets,  sable,  is  a  well-known  coat  of 
"  Brown.") 


1714.  The  last  Will  of  James  Hamlyn  of  Tawstock, 
Yeoman,  I7th  Aug.,  1713. 

To  son  James  the  tenements  known  as  Bratabeer  and  Poolly 
after  wife's  death. 

To  daughter  Mary,  £120  at  21. 

To  sister  Mary  Maddicke  of  Dartmouth,  403. 


264  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

To  twenty  poor  people  of  Tavvstock,  2Os. 
Residue  to  wife  Honour,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 
Witnesses,  Abigail  Berrye,  Henry  Millford. 
Proved   I2th  Nov.,  1714. 
Seal  of  Arms — A  lion  rampant. 

NOTE. — The  die  evidently  bore  the  name  "  William  Hamlyn."  The 
half  of  the  "  W"  and  the  letters  "ILL  "  are  only  apparent  on  the 
impression,  which  is  very  indistinct.  The  ancient  arms  of  the  house 
of  Hamlyn  were,  gules,  a  lion  rampant,  ermine,  crowned,  or,  and  are 
hus  blazoned  for  Sir  John  Hamlyn  on  the  "  Boroughbridge  Roll," 
who  bore  them  at  that  engagement,  i6th  March,  1322. 


1725.     The  last  Will  of  Joseph    Hamlyn  of  Clovelly, 
July,   1725. 

"  To  my  honoured  father,  one  suit  of  clothes." 

"  To  my  honoured  mother,  one  puter  dish." 

"To  loving  brother  William  Hamlyn,  my  best  hatt." 

"To  sister  Margaret,  one  of  my  best  nets.1' 

Residue  to  wife  Mary  Hamlyn,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   1st  Oct.,   1725. 

Inventory  of  effects  of  above  testator  : — 

"  His  apparel  and  purse,  £4. 

"  His  part  of  fishing  boat  and  nets,  .£10. 

"  His  bed  performed,  £2  IDS." 

His  Pewter,  £1    153. 

Brass  crocke,  kittell  and  skillett,  155. 

Table  board  and  four  chairs,  43.  6d. 

Chimney  stuff,  73.  6d. 

Other  lumber  not  mentioned,  is.  6d. 

Witnesses — Henry  Yealland. 

Alice  Madge. 

Thomas  Yeo. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  admon.  of  Joseph  Hamlyn  of  "  Clovelleigh,"  July, 
1702,  ante. 


1726.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  James  Hamlyn  of  Tawstock, 
granted  27th  Jan.,  1726,  to  Jane  his  wife. 

Edward  Lancey  of  Heanton  and  John  Paddon  join  the 
bond. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  265 

1733.  The  last  Will  of  Lewis  Gregory  of  Barnstaple,  Devon, 
Gentleman,  i/th  Jan.,  1732-33. 

Desires  to  be  privately  buried  in  the  chancel  of  Barnstaple 
church. 

He  leaves  his  son  George  Gregory  the  advowson  of  the 
Rectory  of  Combmartin.  Mentions  daughter  Anne  and  niece 
Mary  Gregory.  Residue  to  dear  wife  Joan,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved  2nd  July,   1733. 

NOTE. — Testator  was  the  son  of  the  Rev.  George  Gregory,  son  of 
Rev.  Samuel  Gregory,  son  of  Rev.  Anthony  Gregory.  The  last  was 
rector  of  Charles,  1654,  and  the  first  was  instituted  to  same  rectory 
2oth  March,  1664.  Testator's  daughter  Anne  was  the  wife  of  John 
Drake,  Town  Clerk  of  Barnstaple,  and  the  grandmother  of  the  late 
Sir  Wm.  Drake,  Kt. 

The  parish  now  known  as  "  Charles,"  near  South  Molton,  was  anciently 
called  Charneys.  The  Rectory  was  for  some  years  in  the  patronage 
of  the  Gregory  family. 


1734.     Roger  Sanger   of  Mariansleigh,  Yeoman,  Feb.    I3th, 

1730. 

To  wife  Elizabeth  an  annuity  of  £10,  charged  upon  Higher 
Upcott.  He  also  bequeaths  her  certain  furniture,  together  with 
three  rooms  in  his  house,  and  liberty  of  ingress  and  egress  for 
herself  and  friends  "  through  the  hall."  To  daughter  Elizabeth, 
£120.  To  granddaughters  Ann  Sanger  and  Elizabeth,  daughter 
of  John  Hill  of  Withy  pool,  Somerset,  ,£5  each  at  21. 

To  the  poor  of  Marleigh,  2os. 

Residue  to  son  John  Sanger,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses,  Henry  Bowden  and  John  Rocke. 

Proved  26th  April,  1734. 


1739.  The  last  Will  of  Ann  Drake,  Widow,  of  Barnstaple, 
lotli  Nov.,  1718. 

Mentions  "brothers"  William  Yeo  and  Richard  Evans  of 
Cullompton  ;  sister  Amy  Stephens  of  the  parish  of  Denbury  ; 
daughter  Christian  Standish  and  grandson  Henry  Drake. 
Cousins  Robert  Daw  of  Exeter  and  John  Pearce.  Grand- 
children Henry  and  John  Drake  are  both  under  age. 


266  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Mentions  Richard,  George,  William,  and  Elizabeth,  children 
of  said  "brother"  Richard  Evans;  Elizabeth  and  Amy, 
daughters  of  said  William  Yeo. 

Desires  a  private  funeral,  no  funeral  sermon,  orders  "  hatt 
bands  and  gloves,"  and  appoints  her  "  bearers,"  viz.,  Messrs. 
Bowchair  (Bouchier?)  and  Spark,  Nicholas  Glass,  Samuel 
Berry,  John  Richards,  and  Walter  Tucker. 

Said  John  Pearce  Executor  in  trust  during  minority  of  said 
grandson. 

Proved   i?th  Nov.,  1739. 

NOTE. — This  will  was  proved  twenty  years  after  the  death  of  testatrix, 
who  was  buried  at  Barnstaple,  October  26th,  1719.  She  was  widow  of 
Henry  Drake,  sometime  Mayor  of  Barnstaple,  who  died  1688,  and  at 
the  date  of  her  marriage  with  him  the  widow  of  William  Noyse  of 
Exeter. 

Her  "  daughter  "  Christian  Standish  was  the  younger  daughter  and 
co-lieir  of  Robert  Hatch  of  Satterleigh,  and  after  the  death  of  her  first 
husband  John  Drake,  son  of  testatrix,  she  married  Charles  Standish  of 
Barnstaple.  The  grandchild  of  testatrix,  John  Drake,  mentioned  in 
the  will  as  "  under  age  "  in  1718,  had  been  baptized  2;th  September, 
1710.  He  died  in  1770,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son  Henry  Drake, 
born  1745,  subsequently  Town  Clerk  of  Barnstaple,  who  died  in  1806. 

The  latter  was  the  grandfather,  through  his  second  son,  of  the  late 
Sir  William  Drake,  knighted  ist  October,  1869,  and,  through  his  eldest 
son,  he  was  the  great  grandfather  of  General  John  M.  C.  Drake,  C.B., 
Royal  Engineers,  born  1833,  wno  nas  issue« 


1753.     Nicholas   Sanger  of  Marleigh,  dated    loth  May,  1711. 

He  gives  to  the  poor  of  the  parish  the  interest  of  a  sum  of 
To  John,  son  of  John  "  Sangor,"  "  my  great  brasse  pot." 
Residue  to  Jonathan  Sanger  and  unto  Johane,  daughter  of 
Roger  Sanger,  "  my  brother,  my  kinsfolk "  ;  they  are  joint 
Exors. 

Witnesses,  John  Adams  and  Roger  Packer. 

Proved  Dec.  7th,   1753. 

NOTE. — The  above  legacy  to  the  poor  of  Mariansleigh  was  stated  in 
a  return  made  to  Parliament  in  1786  to  have  been  given  by  deed  of 
Nicholas  Sanger  in  1707.  The  "^10"  was  then  vested  in  John 
Adams,  and  produced  IDS.  per  annum.  The  principal  sum  was  sub- 
sequently in  the  hands  of  William  Adams,  who  paid  8s.  a  year  in 
respect  thereof;  the  parishioners  had  no  security  for  the  principal,  and 
the  Parliamentary  Commissioners  suggested  that  it  should  be  placed  in 
a  bank.  According  to  "  White's  Devonshire,"  edition  1878,  the  bequest 
is  now  lost. 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  267 

177S-  John  Torsall  of  Lapford,  2ist  April,  1774.  To 
daughter  Mary  Richards  certain  household  goods.  Mentions 
son-in-law  John  Richards. 

Residue  to  "John  Torsall,"  no  relationship  expressed,  who 
is  Sole  Exor. 

Witnesses — Peter  and   Susanna  Richards,  VVm.  Cook. 

Proved  Nov.  4th,   1775. 


1779.  Susannah  Tossell  of  Ashreigney,  26th  May,  1777. 
To  son-in-law  Edmond  Foss  and  to  his  wife  Susannah,  and 
to  their  five  children,  one  guinea  each. 

To  son  James  Babbage's  six  children  one  guinea  each. 

Legacy  to  Betty  Pridham  Babbage,  and  mentions  "Jane 
Babbage." 

Residue  to  the  four  children  of  son  John  Babbage,  viz., 
Elizabeth,  John,  William,  and  Richard,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved  by  John  Babbage  and  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Samuel 
Alford,  two  of  the  Exors. 

M.irch  5th,  1779. 


1780.  "John  Tossel,"  4th  June,  1779.  To  Humphry,  son 
of  George  Tossel  of  Kingsnympton,  one  guinea.  To  Thomas 
Tow  is. 

Residue  to  John,  son  of  George  Tossel,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  July   1st,  1780. 

NOTE. — No  parish  is  mentioned,  but  testator  is  described  in  the 
Calendar  as  of  Kingsnympton. 

Admon.  granted  to  George  Tossel  in  the  minority  of  his  son  John, 
the  Exor.  named  in  the  will. 


1781.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  John  Sanger  of   Maryans- 
leigh,  Yeoman,  granted  5th  May,   1781,  to  Mary  his  widow. 


268  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1787.     Elizabeth  Tossel  of  Marwood,  Widow,  nth  June,  1787. 

Legacies  to  Elizabeth,  wife  of  John  Berry  of  Marwood  ;  to 
Elizabeth  their  daughter  ;  to  John  their  son  ;  to  Thomas  Shar- 
land  of  Marwood ;  to  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Wm.  Gammon  of 
Marwood  ;  to  Ann  Scott  of  Fremington ;  to  Jane,  wife  of  John 
Manley  of  Marwood  ;  to  John  Radford  of  Marwood ;  to  Eliza- 
beth, wife  of  Wm.  Thome  of  Martinho;  to  Mary  Berry;  to 
George  and  Wm.  Radford  his  son  ;  to  Jane  Paltryman  of 
Tawstock ;  to  Mary  Cross,  George  Radford,  and  Johanna, 
daughter  of  Hannah  Stanbury,  all  of  Marwood ;  and  to 
Thomas,  son  of  John  Berry. 

Residue  to  John  Berry,  sen.,  of  Marwood,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  2nd  July,   1787. 


1794.  The  last  Will  of  John  Mortimore  of  Torrington, 
Surgeon,  4th  June,  1793.  Wife  Ursula  universal  legatee  and 
Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   I5th  Dec.   1794. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  269 


PART    II. 


ARCHDEACONRY    OF    TOTNES. 


1601.  The  last  Will  of  Johane  Tooker  of  East  Allington, 
Widow,  I3th  Dec.,  1600.  Legacies  to  the  poor;  to  son  Zachary, 
and  to  his  eldest  son  William  ;  his  daughter  Rabyn  Dodd  and 
to  her  three  children  ;  to  daughter  Mary,  wife  of  Nicholas 
Wakeham  ;  to  daughter  Johan,  and  to  son  John  Tooker. 

Residue  to  said  children  John  and  Johane,  who  are  joint 
Exors. 

Proved  23rd  Jan.,  1600. 


1601.  The  undated  Will  of  Peter  Tucker  of  Blackauton. 
"  To  the  poor  men's  box,  2s. ;  to  brother  Thomas  Tucker's  two 
children,  John  and  Samson,  a  lamb  to  each." 

Residue  to   wife  Margaret,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved    I2th   Oct.,   1601. 


1603.     Dorothy  Fry  of   Hatherleigh.      Mentions  son   Henry 
Fry,  daughters  Mary  and  Avline. 
Witness,  Richard   Fry  and  others. 
Proved  at  Okehampton  6th  Feb.,  1603. 


1605.  The  last  Will  of  Joane  Mortymore  of  Stokingham. 
Legacy  to  the  poor  of  the  parish.  To  daughter  Ebbot,  wife  of 
Robert  "  Mortemor,"  £10.  'I  o  Mychell,  Thomas,  and  Eliza- 
beth, children  of  John  Mortymore,  small  legacies.  To  Julian 
Mortymore,  "  my  great  longe  leged  crocke,  &  my  great  pan." 


270  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Similar  bequests  of  goods,  &c.,  to  Wilmot  and  Christian  Morty- 
more,  to  Joan  Stisson,  to  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  Hawkins, 
to  William  Knight,  and  William  Pascovv. 

Residue  to  son  Robert  Mortymore,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  7th  Feb.,  1605. 


1605.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  John   Mortimer,  of  Inward- 
leigh,  granted  I3th  March,  1605,  to  Margery  his  relict. 


1607.  John  Toker  the  younger  of  the  parish  of  Blackawton, 
8th  Sept.,  1607. 

To  the  poor,  6s.  8d.,  to  be  distributed  by  brother  Stephen 
Toker.  Legacies  at  21  to  daughters  Sylphine,  Richorde,  and 
Alice.  To  sons  Richard  and  Christopher.  To  wife  Jane  the 
custody  of  his  son  John  during  minority,  and  to  pay  the  sum  of 
£100,  due  on  bond,  to  his,  testator's,  father  John  Toker.  To 
godson  Stephen  Toker,  a  lamb,  and  another  to  god-daughter 
Marie. 

Residue  to  eldest  son  John  Toker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  22nd  Feb'.,  1607-8. 

Admon.  granted  to  said  wife  Jane  Toker  in  minority  of 
Exor. 


1607.  The  undated  Will  of  Walter  Tucker  of  the  parish  of 
Blackawton. 

To  be  buried  in  parish  church. 

Legacies  to  eldest  son  John  and  to  other  sons  Robert, 
William,  and  Richard. 

To  daughter  Margaret  and  to  her  children  Nicholas  and  Anna 
Clarke.  To  daughter  Honor  Elliot  and  to  John  Elliot  her 
son.  To  daughter  Thomsin.  To  Mary  and  Elizabeth,  children 
of  son  John.  Residue  to  wife  Joan,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  28th  May,  1607. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  271 

1611.  The  last  Will  of  Tliomazin  Tuke  of  the  parish  of 
Bcaworthy,  Widow,  9th  July,  8th  James  I.,  1610. 

Bequests  to  all  godchildren  and  to  the  parish  poor  and 
church. 

Mentions  sons  John  and  William  and  daughter  Thomazin 
Northam  of  Halwill. 

To  daughter  Margaret  Peerse,  "  my  best  coffer  and  all  my 
apparel,  my  sylver  hookes  gilted,  with  my  sylver  ringe,  and 
also  a  brazen  crocke." 

Legacies  to  John  Northam's  children  ;  to  Roger  and  John, 
sons  of  son  William.  To  Grace,  daughter  of  Richard  Peerse. 
Residue  to  grandson  David,  son  of  said  Richard  Peerse,  who  is 
Sole  Exor. 

Proved  1st  Aug.,  1611. 


1616.  The  last  Will,  nuncupative,  of  William  Mortymer  of 
Bovey  Tracy.  Legacies  to  daughter  Joan  and  to  the  child  now 
expected  by  his  wife. 

Residue  to  wife   Joan,  who  is   Sole  Executrix. 

Dated  29th  Aug.,  1616. 

Proved  91!)  Nov.,  1616. 


1616.  "Soli  deo  laus." 

The  last  Will  of  Nicholas  "  Tucker  "  of  Blackawton,  Yeoman, 
6th  Dec.,  1616. 

To  the  poor  of  Blackawton,  55. 

"A  lamb  a  peece"  to  son  Lewis  Tucker,  and  to  his  children 
Nicholas,  James,  Roger,  Agnes,  Suse,  and  Jane  Tucker. 

To  son  Roger  Tucker's  first  child  a  lamb ;  to  daughter  Jane 
Pook,  two  lambs;  to  William  Dowell,  a  lamb. 

To  son  Chrispine  Tucker,  .£30.  His  wife  Suse  to  have  the 
use  of  certain  farm  implements,  inter  aliis,  of  "  the  plough, 
scuffle,  wheels,  and  harrows/' 

Bequests  to  John  Comyn,  John  Vynsent,  Isabel  Coome,  and 
Margaret  Wetyne,  and  kinsman  Henry  Tucker. 

Residue  to  said  wife,  Suse  "  Tucker,"  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  Feb.  I4th,  1616. 


272  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1616.     Inventory  of  the  effects  of  Nicholas  Tucker  of  Black- 
avvton,  deceased,  made  I3th  Jan.,  1616. 

Item,  one  yoke  of  oxen        ...          ...          ...          ...  £j 

„      2  milch  kine    ...          ...          ...          ...          ...  £$ 

»      3  yonge  bullocks        £4 

„      3  labor  beastes            ...          ...          ...          ...  £6 

„       50  sheepe  young  &  old          ...          ...          ...  £14 

„      5  swyne  hogges           ...         ...          ...          ...  307  - 

„      A   cliattell  lease  of  certain   ground  in  Bur- 

lieton,  in  parish  of  Blackawton  ...          ...  £36 

„      One  ox  that  hath  been  sicke             ...          ...  3<D/- 

„       His  Armore     ...          ...          ...          ...           .  .  I5/- 

„       Eight  silver  spoons     ..           ...          ...          ...  2O/- 

Total  of  personal  effects,  £170  os.  8d. 


1618.  The  last  Will  of  Joane  Tooker,  otherwise  Webb,  of 
"  Edford "  (Ideford),  Widow.  To  the  poor  there,  ten  groats. 
To  Mary  Manninge,  "  my  best  govvne,  one  little  milke  panne,  my 
best  hat,  best  wastcoate,  best  saveguard,  best  cloake,  and  to 
every  one  of  her  four  children  a  sheepe  apeece,  together  with 
one  down  coverlet,  one  blanket,  one  canvas  sheet,  one  pillow, 
and  one  pilloty."  To  servant  Elizabeth  Tottell,  403.  and  a 
heifer  of  two  years  old.  "  Item,  I  give  to  '  Kathron  '  twelve 
pens."  To  goddaughter  Sissy  Swetland,  twenty  nobles  at  her 
marriage.  To  Edward,  Thomas,  and  James,  children  of  William 
Swetland,  one  sheep  each.  To  goddaughter  Joane  Swetland, 
ten  groats.  Residue  to  son-in-law  William  Swetland,  who  is 
Sole  Exor. 

Proved  23rd  May,  1618. 


1618.  The  nuncupative  Will  of  Margaret  Tucker,  otherwise 
Michelmore,  wife  of  John  Tucker  of  Totnes,  dated  2nd  April, 
1618.  She  desires  to  be  buried  in  Totnes  yard.  She  leaves  her 
servants  sixpence  each,  and  the  residue  of  her  separate  estate 
to  her  husband  the  said  John  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  loth  July,  1618. 

From  the  Inventory  of  said  testatrix — "  Item,   a  legasie  of 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  273 

£300  given  unto  the  said  Margaret  by  the  last  will  and  testa- 
ment of  Richard  Michelmore,  her  father,  deceased,  payable  six 
years  after  his  death,  .£300." 


1622.  The  last  Will  of  John  Towker  of  Whitecombe,  in  the 
parish  of  East  Allington,  roth  May,  1619. 

To  be  buried  in  parish  churchyard.     To  poor,  35.  46. 

Legacies  to  son  Nicholas  Towker  ;  to  daughter  Jone  Michel- 
more  ;  and  to  daughter  Edith  Bryan. 

Residue  to  wife  Anne,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  i/th  Jan.,  1622. 


1625.     Admon.   to  the  effects  of  Roger  Tucker  of  Slapton, 
Yeoman,  granted  8th  July,  1625,  to  Susie,  his  mother. 

Inventory   made  by  Lewis  Tucker,  Richard  Tokerman,  and 
Crispin  Tucker. 

"  Item,  5  silver  spoons       ...         ...         ...         ...  I5/- 

„      7    acres  of  wheat  in  ground         ...          ...  £12 

6\      „      of  barley  £10 

j£      „  '  rye  ...  £2  155. 

„       20      „      oats          ...          ...          ...          ...  £20 

„       3  milch  kine  ...          ...          ...         ...  £8 

„      64  sheep  &  8  kine...          ...         ...          ...  £21 

,,      40  lambs     ...          ...          ...          ...          ...  £6 

Total  sum  of  personality,  .£100  6s." 

NOTE. — Is  is  shown  by  his  will,  as  recited  by  his  mother,  that  he  had 
paid  "Crispin  Tooker  "  the  sum  of  ^65,  and  Richard  Pooke  a  like 
amount,  for  which  they  were  respectively  to  free  his  mother's  executors  ; 
but  the  will  referred  to  is  not  in  the  bundle. 

See  post,  March,   1633. 


1625-6.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  John  Chappie  of  Modbury, 
intestate,  granted  i/th  Jan.,  1625-26,  to  Marie  his  relict. 
Osmond  Pullablanke  of  Modbury  joins  the  bond. 

Inventory  made  by  William  Pullablanke. 

Sum,  £66  I os. 


274  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1633.  The  last  Will,  nuncupative,  of  Joan  Mortymore  of 
Stoldngham,  i6th  May,  1633.  To  the  poor  of  the  parish,  is. 
Bequests  to  Robert  and  Helene,  children  of  Elizabeth  Hingston  ; 
to  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  Hingston;  to  kinsman  Thomas 
Mortymore  and  to  his  children  John  and  Joan  ;  to  John  and 
Elizabeth,  children  of  Nicholas  Colle ;  to  kinsman  John  Gould  ; 
to  Ebbott,  wife  of  Nicholas  Garland  ;  to  the  three  children  of 
Edward  Milton ;  to  William,  Marie,  Nicholas,  and  Agnes, 
children  of  Christopher  Jilleard  ;  to  god-daughter  Margery 
Edwards  ;  to  Rachell  and  Robert,  children  of  Wilmot  Eweine  ; 
and  to  daughter  Julyan  Mortymore. 

Residue  to  daughter  Wilmot  Eweine,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  8th  June,  1633. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  will  of  Joane  Mortymore  of  same  parish,  February, 
1605. 


1633.  The  last  Will  of  Suse  "  Tooker "  of  Blackawt  on, 
Widow,  2nd  Dec.,  1633.  Legacies  to  the  poor  of  Blackawton 
and  Brixham  ;  to  daughter  Jane,  wife  of  Richard  Pooke  ;  to 
son  Crispin  and  his  children  ;  to  John,  Lewis,  and  Elizabeth, 
children  of  son  Roger  ;  to  Johan,  daughter  of  son  Lewis  ;  to 
Jane,  daughter  of  William  Partridge  of  Chivelstone  ;  to  grand- 
children by  son  Christopher.  She  recites  that  she  administered 
to  the  goods  of  her  son  Roger. 

Residue  to  son  Lewis,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  2 1st  March,  1633. 

NOTE. — This  will  was  disputed  upon  the  affidavits  of  Nicholas  and 
Jane  Tooker ;  it  appears  to  have  been  made  by  one  "  Henry  Sharp- 
ham." 

Refer  to  Feb.,  1616,  and  to  July,  1625,  ante. 


1635.  The  last  Will  of  Julian  Mortymer  of  Stokingham, 
Maiden,  1st  April,  1635.  Bequests  to  Marianne,  Mary,  Nicholas, 
and  Robert  "  Gillord  "  ;  to  Robert  and  Rachell  "  Ewen  "  ;  to 
William  Cook,  John  Lowe,  Robert  and  John  Gould. 

Residue  to  sister  Wilmot  "  Ewen,"  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  22nd  Jan.,   1635. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  275 

1636.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Elinora  Tucker  of  Hather- 
leigh,  granted  1 3th  Sept.,  1636,  to  John  Wadland,  cousin. 


1637.  The  last  Will,  nuncupative,  of  Katherine  Tucker  of 
Okehampton,  Spinster,  gih  Nov.,  1 3th  Charles  I.  She  gives 
los.  "to  the  poor  of  Spreyton,  to  be  employed  and  to  remain 
to  the  use  of  the  said  poor  for  ever." 

To  Anne  Arscott,  her  sister-in-law,  "one  oring  coloured  petti- 
coat, one  silver  coloured  waistcoat,  one  kupp  band,  my  worst 
hatt,  &  greene  apron." 

To  Katherine  Luke,  "  two  old  petticotes  &  one  old  waistcoate, 
a  saveguard,  &  a  small  laced  band." 

Residue  to  sister  Johan  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Admon.  granted,  in  minority  of  executrix,  to  Humphry 
Tracy  of  East  Worlington. 

NOTE. — The  bequest  to  the  poor  of  Spreyton  is  not  noticed  in  the 
report  of  the  Charity  Commissioners.  The  Spreyton  poor  long  had 
the  benefit  of  205.  per  annum  issuant  out  of  West  Bigbear,  by  virtue 
of  the  will  of  Thomas  Hore,  dated  i4th  May,  1746  ;  for  although  this 
gift  was  void  by  the  Mortmain  Act  of  gth  George  II.,  it  was  sometime 
paid  by  the  owners  of  Little  Bigbear. 

They  also  had  the  interest  of  ^50  left  by  John  Cann  for  their  use 
for  the  fifty  years  following  his  death,  by  will  dated  i3th  March,  1798, 
and  proved  in  the  Principal  Registry  of  the  Bishop  of  Exeter  in  1807  ; 
the  term  expired  in  1857. 

The  testatrix,  Katherine  Tucker,  left  personality  ^58  ics.  4d.,  and 
the  i  os.  to  the  poor  may  have  been  absorbed  in  the  ^45  raised  and 
paid  to  Arthur  Kelly  in  1760  for  the  property  now  known  as  "  Poor- 
lands,"  the  said  sum  having  been  partly  furnished  by  "  pecuniary 
donations  to  the  poor  of  this  parish,  some  of  which  had  been  lost,  and 
the  residue  laid  out  in  this  purchase  "  as  far  as  they  sufficed,  the 
balance  having  been  made  up  by  the  trustees  of  the  said  newly  acquired 
poor  lands. 


1641-2.  The  last  Will  of  Mary  Chappell  of  Mod  bury,  Widow, 
dated  Qth  Jan.,  1640-41. 

She  makes  her  sons  Samuel  and  John  Chappell  universal 
legatees  and  Sole  Exors. 

Inventory  by  William  Cotley  and  Ralph  Webber,  who  witness 
the  will. 

Proved  3rd  Jan.,  1641-42. 


276  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1644.     Admon.    to    effects    of  Julyan    Frye    of    Black    Tor- 

rington,  granted ,   1644,  to  Lewis  and  Leonard  Frye. 

Inventory  attested  by  Howard  (Henry  ?)  Frye. 


1645.  The  last  Will  of  John  Tucker  of  Okehampton,  3rd 
March,  1644.  He  makes  his  daughters  Elizabeth  and  Sara 
universal  legatees  and  Joint  Exors.  Three  trustees — Richard 
Heayne  and  Thomas  Carter  of  Okehampton,  and  brother  Philip 
Tucker  of  Rattery. 

Proved  2jrd  April,  1645. 


1646.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Michael  Mortimer  of  Stoking- 
ham,  to  Joanna  Mortimer  of  the  same  parish,  Widow. 
Hercules  Giles  joins  the  bond. 
Granted  2ist  July,  1646. 


1664.  "The  account  of  Nathaniel  Tucker  of  Northlew,  who 
bought  the  administration  of  the  goods  of  John  Tucker, 
deceased,  at  the  Archdeacon's  Court  at  Okehampton,  2ist  Feb., 
1664. 

"  Paid  for  tithes  that  was  due  to  the  parson,  £i  ?s. 

"  Paid  for  a  mortuary  to  the  parson,  los. 

"  To  Michael  Tucker  for  wages  due  to  him,  /s. 

"To  John  Tucker,  due  to  him  on  bond,  £2  135. 

"  Due  to  myself  from  the  said  John  Tucker,  deceased,  £6." 

With  other  payments,  total  sum,  £51  is.  6d. 

"  So  it  appears  from  the  account  that  the  accountant  has  payd 
more  than  the  inventory  comes  to,  the  sum  of  £i  I  45.  2d." 


1665.  The  last  Will  of  Abraham  Mortymer  of  Bovey  Tracy, 
I4th  June,  1664.  To  the  poor  there,  53.  Legacies  to  Edward, 
Nathaniel,  and  Gilbert  Mortymer  ;  to  sister  Thomasine  Conant  ; 
to  godson  Abraham  Conant  ;  to  mother  Elizabeth  Casely. 

Residue  to  Jane  Heath,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  Christopher  Tynes,  William  Heath. 

Proved  3rd  June,  1665. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  277 

1665.  The  last  Will  of  John  Tooker,  the  elder,  of  the  parish 
of  Milton  Abbot,  6th  June,  1665. 

Legacies  to  Dorothy  Drewe,  grandchild,  and  to  Daniel 
Drewe's  four  sons.  To  grandchild  Dorothy  Bragge,  and  to 
grandchildren  Elizabeth  and  John  Tooker ;  to  Katherine  and 
Elizabeth  Horwill  and  to  daughter  Katherine  Bragge. 

Residue  to  son  John  Tooker,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

No  act  of  proof.     Inventory  exhibited  i/th  Jan.,  1665. 

Sum,  £19  7s.  8d. 


1666.  The  last  Will  of  Nicholas  Tucker  of  Totnes,  Merchant, 
2Oth  July,  1666. 

To  son  Nicholas,  dwelling-house  and  herb  garden,  "  without 
the  north  gate,"  and  the  house  called  the  "  Vineyard,"  to  him 
and  his  heirs  male  for  ever.  There  is  remainder  to  son  Richard, 
to  daughter  Joan,  to  brother  Richard,  and  to  the  heirs  male  of 
Grace  Weekes,  deceased,  late  wife  of  Thomas  Weekes,  and 
finally  to  sister  Amy  Tucker  and  her  heirs.  To  said  son 
Richard,  £100,  issuant  from  property  at  Alphington.  Mentions 
property  at  Darlington  ;  to  daughter  Joan,  £140 ;  to  wife  Edith, 
the  best  feather  bed. 

Mentions  grandfather  Richard  Tucker,  deceased,  in  connection 
with  a  legacy  of  .£80  left  to  testator's  brother  Richard.  To 
Mr.  John  Ford,  minister  of  Totnes,  2os.  for  funeral  sermon.  For 
the  poor  of  Totnes,  Dartington,  and  St.  David's,  Exeter,  2os.  to 
each  parish.  Residue  to  said  son  Nicholas,  who  is  Sole  Exor., 
but  a  minor. 

Exors.  in  trust,  "Brother  Richard,"  Peter  Windball  of  Exeter, 
distiller,  and  William  Yenning  of  Tor-Brian,  clothier. 

Proved  by  trustees,  23rd  Oct.,  1666. 

Personality,  £1,026  173.  46. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  Edith  Tucker,  Jan.,  1705,  post. 


1667. — The  last  Will  of  Margaret  Tucker  of  Kingswear, 
Widow,  i6th  March,  1667.  To  Susannah,  wife  of  William 
Rawlings,  £5  ;  to  Edward  Knight  of  Brixham,  2Os.  ;  to  Agnes 
Knight  of  Yealmpton,  20s.,  and  "  my  old  red  coat  and  waist- 
coat." "  Item,  I  give  to  two  children  of  John  Crute  of  Woodis, 


278  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

ios.  a  pece,  and  to  thare  mother,  Elizabeth  Ball  of  Cockington, 
a  red  coat  and  a  cullered  waistcoat."  To  Elizabeth  Thomas, 
2Os.  "  and  a  red  petticoat  bound  with  a  green  lase."  To  the 
younger  son  of  Mr.  George  Renoles,  a  "  signight  ringe,"  and  in 
money  405.  ;  to  his  children  Elizabeth  and  George,  405.  each. 
To  Susanna,  wife  of  Richard  Parker,  £$.  To  poor  of  Kings- 
wear,  ios.  Mentions  the  "  children  of  Cheston  Ceilings,  Suse 
Glover,  Jone  Sallis,  Elizabeth  Smith,"  and  "  Mr.  Briyat  of 
Plumleigh,  William  Parker,  Susan  Rawlings  the  younger,  and 
daughter-in-law  Christian  Toker. 

Residue  to  Richard  Parker  of  Dartmouth,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  I4th  June,  1667. 

NOTE. — This  will  is  sealed  probably  with  the  "  signight  ringe " 
referred  to;  it  is  a  poor  impression,  but  evidently  not  armorial. 
Apparently  a  text  T,  surrounded  with  an  ornamental  border. 


1668.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  John  Hamlyn  of 
Widecombe-in-the-Moor,  granted  22nd  April,  1668,  to  William 
Hamlyn  his  son. 


1669.  The  last  Will  of  Walter  Hamlyn  of  Withicombe-in- 
the-Moor,  3rd  Oct.,  1668. 

To  wife  Margaret  leasehold  interest  in  property  at  Buck- 
fast,  charged  with  support  of  daughter  Margery. 

To  son  Peter  leasehold  interest  in  Dunston,  terminable  on 
lives. 

Mentions  children  Johane,  Mary,  and  Richard,  "sisters  and 
brother  of  said  Peter." 

Residue  to  wife  Margaret  aforesaid. 

Proved   I5th  Feb.,  1669. 

NOTE. — Testator  was  brother  of  Richard  Hamlyn  of  Buckfast- 
leigh.  Will  proved  April,  1690,  post. 


1669.  The  last  Will  of  John  Hamlyn,  sen.,  of  Dean  Prior, 
Yeoman,  2nd  June,  1665.  Mentions  daughters  Elizabeth, 
Grace,  Agnes,  Mary,  and  Barbara. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  279 

To  sons,  John  and  Henry  Hamlyn,  i6d.  each.  To  John, 
son  of  said  son  John  Hamlyn,  55.  To  grandchild  Mary, 
daughter  of  said  Henry,  5s. 

To  the  rest  of  son  John's  children,  is.  each. 

Residue  to  wife  Mary,  who  is  Sole  P^xecutrix. 

Proved   I7th  Sept.,   1669. 


1670.     Admon.  to  effects  of  Phillip  Fry  of  Ashwater,  granted 

July,  1670,  to  Margaret  Fiy. 
Arthur  Bassett  joins  the  bond. 


1670.  Admon.  to  effects,  &c.,  of  Alexander  Fry  of  Milton 
Damarell,  granted  I7th  Nov.,  1670,  to  Alexander  his  son. 

Inventory  by  John  Fry,  Humphry  Dene,  and  Walter 
Williams,  6th  Nov.,  ibid. 

Sum,  £85  43.  8d. 


1672.  Walter  Mortimere  of  North  Bovy,  i6th  April,  1672. 
Legacies  to  sons  John,  Thomas,  and  Walter,  and  to  daughters 
Richord  Mortimere  and  Thomasinc  Langdon.  Residue  to  wife 
Richord,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  3rd  April,  1672. 


1673.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Hamlyn  of  Plymouth, 
Merchant,  I4th  Nov.,  1672. 

He  leaves  wife  Prudence  a  messuage  and  tenement  in  parish 
of  St.  Andrew,  and  to  poor  of  said  parish,  153. 

Mentions  son  Timothy  Hamlyn  and  daughter  Elizabeth. 

Overseer,  cousin  George  Ceely. 

Residue  to  said  wife,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  27th  Nov.,   1673. 

His  silver  plate  was  valued  at 


28o  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1674.  The  last  Will  of  William  Bartlett,  the  elder,  of 
Marldon. 

Desires  to  be  buried  in  church  or  churchyard  of  Marldon. 

He  gives  his  "  wife"  "  half  the  butter  and  chees  in  the  house," 
and  likewise  the  "  victuals  "  ;  2os.  each  to  grandchildren  Alis 
and  Katherine  Bartlett. 

Residue  to  grandson  William  Bartlett,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Probate  granted  I4th  Sept.,  1674. 

Inventory  exhibited  28th  May,  1675,  in  which  deceased  is 
described  as  a  "  yeoman." 


1678.  The  last  Will  of  John  Tucker  of  Woodland  (prope 
Ashburton,  not  "Woodleigh,"  as  entered  in  the  Kalendar), 
20th  Sept.,  1662.  The  tenement  called  "  Millcliff"  to  wife 
Mary,  together  with  a  house,  &c.,  in  St.  Lawrence's  lane,  Ash- 
burton,  held  of  Hugh  Woodley,  and  now  in  occupation  of 
Gregory  Holkmore,  Esq.  To  sister  Thomasine,  40$.  Mentions 
daughter  Mary,  granddaughter  Jane  Tucker,  and  "Cozen" 
Francis  Tucker. 

Residue   to  wife  Mary,  who  is  Sole   Executrix. 

Admon.  granted  to  Mary  Tucker,  daughter  of  deceased, 
28th  Feb.,  1678. 


1679.     Admon.   to  the  effects  of  John  Mortimore  of  North 
Bovey,  granted  26th  July,  1679,  to  Isot,  his  widow. 


1679.  The  last  Will  of  Richord  Mortimere  of  North  Bovey, 
Widow,  5th  Nov.,  1678.  To  daughter  Thomasine  Langdon, 
"  all  my  clouse  woolling  &  lening  except  my  best  geompt."  To 
granddaughter  Thomasine  Langdon,  "  my  best  goumpt  towrn, 
and  one  pudyer  dish." 

Similar  legacies  to  grandchild  John,  son  of  Thomas  Morti- 
mere ;  to  grandchild  John,  son  of  John  Mortimere  ;  to  son  John 
Mortimere;  to  son  Walter  Mortimere;  to  grandchild  William 
Mortimere  ;  to  daughter  Richord  White,  "  my  meidle  coat  & 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  281 

wascout."      Residue  to  son  Thomas    Mortimore,   who   is   Sole 
Exor. 

Witnesses,  Wm.  Paulle,  jun.  ;  John  Knowling,  John  Brocke. 

Proved  26th  July,  1679. 


1690.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Hamlyn  of  Buckfastleigh. 
To  son  Richard  my  right  in  "  Old  Walls,"  situate  at  Buckfast, 
together  with  "  Latherhole  Park  "  in  Widecombe.  To  son  Giles 
Hamlyn  land  situated  at  Lana  Water  in  Ashburton.  To  son 
Francis  is.  ;  to  daughter  Mary,  53.  Said  son  Richard,  his 
lease  in  Hembury  during  the  life  of  Ann  Gould  the  younger. 
He  has  also  residue,  and  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  2 5th  April,   1690. 

NOTE. — Testator  was  of  the  Southcombe  branch  of  the  family.  His 
son  Francis,  who  is  "cut  off  with  a  shilling,"  was  born  1660,  and  was 
the  father  of  Peter  Hamlyn  of  Southcombe,  Widecombe-in-the-Moor, 
born  1690.  Peter  Hamlyn,  great-grandfather  of  testator,  had  paid  the 
subsidy  on  Southcombe  in  1621.  The  latter  was  grandson  of  Richard, 
brother  of  Robert  Hamlyn,  ancestor  of  the  Hamlyns  now  of  Buckfast- 
leigh. 


1692.  The  last  Will  of  Achilles  Frye  of  Ashwater,  dated 
22nd  Oct.,  1692.  Bequests  to  the  poor  of  the  parish;  to  sister- 
in-law  Margaret  Frye;  to  Anstis  and  Jone,  children  of  Sidrach 
Frye ;  to  kinsfolk  Charity  and  Elizabeth  Frye  and  Richard 
Bounde  ;  to  brother  William  and  to  kinsman  William  Frye. 

Residue  to  John,  son  of  Richard  Martyn,  and  kinsman 
aforesaid  Sidrach  Frye ;  they  are  joint  Exors. 

Witnesses,  Elizabeth  Frye,  Jeremiah  Cross,  and  William 
Cruse. 

Proved  2 5th  Nov.,   1692. 


1692.    Admon.    to    the    effects    of    Thomas    Mortimore    of 
Hennock,  granted  to  Joane  his  widow,  6th  Dec.,   1692. 


282  DEVONSHIRE  WILLS. 

1696.  Admon.    to    the    effects  of    Thomas    Mortimore    of 

Slapton,  granted   nth    Jan.,   1696,  to  Rebecca    Mortimore  his 
sister. 


1701.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Walter  Fry  of  Tavistock, 
granted  3ist  Jan.,  1701,  to  Henry  Manaton  "of  Harwood,  in 
County  of  Cornwall,"  Esq.,  the  principal  creditor,  Honor  Fry, 
the  widow,  having  renounced. 

NOTE. — Harewood  (pronounced  Harwood)  forest,  about  ten  miles 
west  of  Tavistock,  and  on  the  further  side  of  the  Tamar,  the  scene, 
according  to  Mason,  the  dramatist,  and  others,  of  the  murder  of  Ethel- 
wold  by  Edgar,  the  Saxon  king,  in  965,  to  enable  him  to  marry  his 
victim's  wife,  Elfritha,  who,  in  her  turn,  murdered  her  step-son,  Edward, 
hence  called  "  the  martyr,"  to  make  way  for  the  succession  of  her  own 
offspring,  known  in  history  as  Ethelred  "  the  unready."  The  Manatons, 
who  inherited  Kilworthy,  near  Tavistock,  by  virtue  of  the  marriage  of 
Ambrose  Manaton  with  the  daughter  and  heir  of  William  Kelly,  great 
granddaughter,  maternally,  of  Sir  John  Glanville  of  Kilworthy,  had 
also  a  house  in  Tavistock,  rendered  conspicuous  by  its  heraldic  decora- 
tion. They  were  remarkable  for  their  kindness  towards  their  poorer 
neighbours,  and  hence  possibly  Henry  Manaton's  connection  with  the 
private  affairs  of  the  above  deceased  intestate. 

There  are  Manaton  inscriptions  in  the  church  of  Tavistock — 
Robert,  1740;  Robert,  1769.  The  daughter  of  the  last  of  them 
brought  Kilworthy  and  other  property  to  her  husband,  a  clergyman 
called  Butcher,  who  sold  it  to  the  Duke  of  Bedford.  The  Mana- 
tons, described  "as  of  Southill,  in  the  County  of  Cornwall,"  bore  for 
arms  : 

Arg.,  on  a  bend,  sable,  3  mullets,  pierced,  of  the  field. 

Crest — A  demi-unicorn  rampant,  sable. 


1703.  Robert  Granger  of  Plymouth,  H.M.S.  "  Pendennis," 
makes  his  friend  John  Little  of  the  same  ship  universal  legatee 
and  Sole  Exor.,  dated  3Oth  Sept. 

Proved  4th  Nov.,  1703. 


1705.  The  last  Will  of  Edith  Tucker  of  Totnes,  Widow, 
loth  April,  1703. 

She  leaves  to  Mr.  Robert  Burscough,  Vicar  of  Totnes,  or  to 
the  Vicar  at  the  time  of  her  death,  as  "  a  free  gift,"  "  one  guinea 
of  gold "  to  buy  a  mourning  ring.  To  Thomasin  Sanders, 
widow,  of  Totnes,  IDS.  To  nephew  Samuel  Wimball,  £$.  To 
son  Nicholas  Tucker  of  Totnes,  mercer,  "  my  wedding  ring 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  283 

and  the  picture  of  my  late  son  Richard  Tucker.  Mentions 
Susanna,  Isabella,  Richard,  and  Nicholas,  children  of  said  son 
Nicholas. 

"And  whereas  I  formerly  by  an  accident  hurted  my  skull, 
and  by  the  advice  and  management  of  my  phisitians,  some  little 
part,  or  piece  thereof,  being  broken,  was  taken  out,  which  I 
now  have  by  me,  my  desire  is  that  the  same  may  after  my 
decease  be  putt  att  or  soe  neare  the  place  in  my  head  from 
whence  it  was  taken,  as  possible  may  be  without  opening  my 
head,  and  that  the  same  may  be  buried  with  mee." 

Residue  to  daughter   Joane  Tucker,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   i6th  January,   1705. 

NOTE. — See  my  "  History  of  the  Borough  of  Totnes,"  "  Ashburton 
and  its  Neighbourhood,"  p.  115. 

Mr.  Burscough  inherited  the  "  guinea  of  gold."  He  was  Vicar  from 
March  2nd,  1681,  and  placed  his  library  at  the  disposal  of  John  Prince, 
his  predecessor,  and  the  author  of  the  "  Worthies  of  Devon."  He 
died  in  1709;  his  successor  Arthur  D'Anvers  was  instituted  yth  Nov. 
that  year. 


1706.     Administration    to    the    effects    of   Abcdnego  Fry  of 
Inwardleigh. 

Granted  9th  July,  1706,  to  Joseph  Vosper  his  nephew. 


1706-7.  The  last  will,  nuncupative,  of  Mary  Ford,  of  Berry 
Pomeroy,  Widow,  dated  1st  Jan.,  1706-7. 

She  leaves  all  her  effects  to  eldest  son  Roger  Ford  of  said 
parish. 

Inventory  by  George  Campion  and  Walter  Mitchell. 

Proved  Jan.,  1706-7. 


1707.  The  last  Will  of  Joseph  Fry  of  Plymouth,  Mariner. 
He  makes  his  wife  Elizabeth  universal  legatee  and  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved  25th  July,  1707. 


284  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1708.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Edward  Tossell,  late  of 
Plymouth,  H.M.  ship  "  Rupert,"  granted  I2th  Nov.,  1708,  to 
Elizabeth  his  widow. 


1711.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  William  Hamlyn  of 
Kattery,  deceased,  granted  22nd  Dec.,  1711,  to  John  Hamlyn 
of  Dean  Prior,  and  Samuel  Cowling  of  Rattery,  the  son 
William  Hamlyn  having  renounced. 


1716.  The  last  Will  of  Mary  Hamlyn  of  Dean  Prior, 
Widow,  2nd  Feb.,  1715.  Mentions  children  Mary  Tucker, 
Barbara  Pearse,  Rachell  Hamlyn,  Elinour  Parsons,  Henry, 
Richard,  and  Thomas  Hamlyn,  grandchildren  Abraham  Maine, 
William  and  John  Hamlyn,  Sarah,  Susan,  and  Peter  Hamlyn. 

Residue  to  son  John   Hamlyn,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  7th  July,   1716. 

NOTE. — See   lyth  Sept.,   1669,  ante 


1719.      Administration    to     the     effects     of    John     Fry    of 
Plymouth,  granted ,    1719,  to    Margaret   Fry. 

NOTE. — The  admon.  appears  to  have  been  lost  ;  the  wrapper  only  in 
the  bundle. 


1721.  The  last  Will  of  Honor  Fry  of  Tavistock,  Widow, 
2ist  April,  1721. 

She  divides  her  property  between  her  children  Walter  Fry, 
eldest  son,  Nicholas,  Peter,  and  Piiscilla. 

Mentions  grandchildren  Honor  Condy,  Walter,  Katherine, 
and  Mary  Fry,  and  daughter-in-law  Elizabeth,  wife  of  son 
Peter. 

Residue  to  said  daughter  Priscilla  Fry,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved   1st  June,   1721. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  285 

1724.  The  last  Will  of  Andrew  Mortymore  of  Kingsteignton, 
Husbandman,  loth  March,  1723  To  kinsman  Samuel  Hoi- 
man's  three  children  by  Mary  Lange,  his  first  wife,  is.  each.  To 
brother-in-law,  John  Lange,  is.  To  the  two  children  of  John 
Skeen,  deceased,  is.  each.  To  Humphry  Milton's  two  children, 
2s.  6d.  each,  and  to  his  wife  Mary,  "  half  my  linen  clothes."  To 
Richard  Prowse's  four  children,  2s.  6d.  each  ;  to  brother  William 
Mortymore,  35.  To  Mary  Colman,  widow,  33.  Residue  to 
John  Mortimore  and  Joan  Redstone,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved  ipth  June,  1724. 

NOTE. — Refer  to  Joan  Mortymore,  of  Stokingham,  8th  June,  1633. 

The  executor,  John  Mortimore,  was  probably  identical  with  "John 
Mortimore  the  elder,  of  Shaldon,"  who  had  leasehold  property  in 
Kingsteignton.  His  will  was  proved  Archdeaconry  Exon.,  Aug.  22nd, 
1764  (ante].  He  left,  with  other  issue,  a  son,  Joseph  Mortimer,  of 
Shaldon,  whose  granddaughter,  Charlotte,  married  Granville.  The 
mention  of  "  Humphry  Milton's  children  "  points  to  a  connection  with 
the  "  Mortymores  "  of  Stokingham. 


1741.  The  last  Will  of  Edward  Sinegar  of  Plymouth,  H.M. 
ship  "Grafton,"  28th  Feb.,  1739.  Makes  his  brother,  John 
Sinegar  of  Mortlake,  universal  legatee  and  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  I7th  April,  1741. 


1741.  The  last  Will  of  Edward  Fry,  His  Majesty's  ship 
"  Orford,"  makes  his  beloved  friend  Joan  Pasco,  spinster,  uni- 
versal legatee  and  Sole  Executrix,  dated  I3th  July,  1740. 

Witnessed  by  Edward  Deeble,  Mayor  of  Plymouth. 

Proved  Oct.  2Oth,  1741,  by  Joan  Fry,  widow,  formerly 
Pasco,  the  Executrix,  mentioned  therein. 


1743.     Admon.   to  the  effects  of  Walter  Fry  of  Tavistock, 
granted  i6th  Nov.,  1743,  to  Rebecca  his  widow. 


1745.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Thomas  Sing  of  Halwill, 
granted  I7th  Dec.,  1745,  to  "Mary,  wife  of  Moses  Ham,  his 
niece  through  his  sister." 


286  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1751.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  John  Fry  of    Hols  worthy, 
deceased,  granted  7th  May,   1751,  to  Jane,  his  widow. 


1754.  The  last  Will  of  Frederick  Fry  of  the  town  of 
Plymouth,  4th  July,  1746. 

He  leaves  his  gold  ring  and  silver  watch  to  his  son  Frederick. 

To  his  "  disobedient  and  undutiful "  son  and  daughters 
George,  Catherine,  and  Grace  Fry,  I/-  each. 

Residue  to  brother-in-law  Bampfylde  Collins  of  Fowey,  in 
trust  for  testator's  four  daughters  Mary,  Elizabeth,  Amelia,  and 
Sarah  Fry. 

Executor,  in  trust,  said  brother-in-law.  Said  daughter  Mary 
to  be  Overseer. 

Proved  6th  July,  1754,  by  said  daughter  Mary,  described  as 
a  "  minor  "  in  the  will. 


1760.  The  last  Will  of  Walter  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe-in-the- 
Moor,  2 ist  May,  1756. 

To  son  Walter  Hamlyn  he  leaves  the  "  Southaway  "  property 
during  the  lives  of  said  Walter  and  daughter  Jane,  wife  of 
William  Medland. 

To  grandchildren,  sons  of  deceased  son  Elias,  John,  Walter, 
and  Thomas,  an  annuity  of  403.  each  in  charge  of  their  mother 
Mary  Hamlyn  ;  2Os.  per  annum  each  to  daughters  Mary 
Hamlyn,  Jane  Medland,  and  Margaret,  wife  of  James  Cornish. 

Residue  to  wife  Mary,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Seal  of  Hamlyn  arms. 

Proved  2nd  Feb.,   1760. 


1760.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Frederick  Fry  of  Plymouth, 
sailor  H.M.S.  "  Iris,"  granted 'May  8th,  1/60,  to  Mary  his  sister. 
Under  £20. 


1760.      Admon.    to   the   effects    of   John    Tooker    of    Stoke 
Damarell,  granted  23rd  May,  1760,  to  Anne  his  widow. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  287 

1760.  Thomas  Mortimore  of  Plymouth,  I3th  April,  1760. 
He  leaves  all  his  houses  in  Plymouth,  situate  in  Lower  Lane 
and  elsewhere,  to  sister-in-law  Judith  Mortimer  and  her  heirs 
for  ever. 

Residue  to  said  Judith,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  9th  June,  1760. 


1760.  The  last  Will  of  John  Tucker  of  Buckfastleigh, 
1 8th  June,  1760. 

To  Daniel  Bury  of  Moreton,  £37  in  trust  for  testator's 
daughter  Mary  at  the  age  of  20  years. 

To  son  John  Tucker,  gold  watch.  To  father-in-law  Samuel 
Chafife,  the  £30  in  trust  for  said  son  John,  and  .£30  for  daughter 
Elizabeth. 

To  brother  William  Tucker,  "  my  best  coat,  two  waistcoats, 
and  my  best  breeches." 

Residue  to  wife  Philippa,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  July   i6th,   1760. 


1760.  Thomas  Tucker  of  Handsknoll,  in  the  parish  of 
Slapton,  i6th  Dec.,  1758,  desires  to  be  "buried  in  a  decent, 
handsome,  Christian-like  manner,  and  when  I  am  so  interred 
it  is  my  will  and  desire  that  a  tomb  be  erected  or  built  upon 
my  body."  To  the  poor  of  Slapton,  305.  To  wife  Mary,  the 
best  bed  and  crocks.  To  son  Thomas,  £40  ;  and  to  daughter 
Mary,  £150.  To  nephew  John  Tucker,  tenement  at  Burleston, 
in  parish  of  Blackawton  "  for  two  years  succeeding  my  death." 

Residue  to  said  nephew  John  Tucker,  Nicholas  Helmer  of 
Charleton,  and  George  Jellard  the  younger,  for  benefit  of  sons 
Thomas  and  Henry  Tucker  at  21. 

Residue  includes  freehold  lands  in  Blackawton,  which  are  to 
revert,  failing  issue,  male  or  female,  to  brother  John  Tucker's 
children. 

The  Trustees  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved  2Oth  Sept.,   1760. 


288  DK  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1765.  The  last  Will  of  Hannah  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe-in- 
the-Moor,  Spinster,  ist  Dec.,  1760. 

She  mentions  her  brothers  Hugh  and  Edward,  her  "  cousins" 
Joan,  daughter  of  Edward  Hamlyn,  and  Hannah,  wife  of 
George  Wycott. 

Residue,  including  "  lands,  hereditaments,  messuages,  &c.," 
to  "  cousin  "  William,  son  of  brother  William  Hamlyn,  to 
"  cousin"  Hannah,  and  to  Hannah,  daughter  of  George  Wycott, 
in  equal  shares.  They  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved   I5th  May,  1765. 

NOTE. — Testatrix  was  a  sister  of  William  Hamlyn  of  Dunstone,  who 
had  died  1736.  ''Cousin,"  really  nephew,  William,  was  a  posthumous 
son  and  heir,  who  ultimately  sold  this  ancestral  manor,  and  died  in 
1782. 


1767.  The  last  Will  of  Mary  Tucker  of  Blackawton,  Widow, 
29th  Dec.,  1755. 

She  leaves  to  Crispin  Tucker  of  Harbertonford  her  leasehold 
interest  in  an  estate  called  Clovelly,  in  Slapton,  charged  with 
annuities  of  403.  to  Thomazine,  wife  of  William  Mitchell  of 
Halberton,  and  Rosa  Pike  of  Stokefleming,  widow. 

She  bequeaths  to  the  overseers  of  the  poor  of  the  parish  of 
Blackawton,  and  their  successors,  for  ever,  the  annual  sum  of 
405.  at  Christmas  in  trust,  to  distribute  it  amongst  such  poor 
persons  of  the  said  parish  as  are  not  in  receipt  of  monthly  or 
other  relief.  The  said  annuity  to  issue  out  of  land  situated  at 
Lupridge,  in  County  of  Devon,  which  she  had  recently  purchased 
of  Richard  Hingston,  thatcher,  of  Blackawton  ;  and  subject  to 
this  annuity,  and  not  otherwise,  she  devised  the  said  estate  in 
fee  simple  to  Walter  Square  of  Brixham,  his  heirs  and  assigns. 

Proved   Aug.  271!),   1757. 

NOTE. — This  gift  was  void  by  the  Mortmain  Act  of  Qth  George  II., 
c.  36,  and  is  unnoticed  by  the  Charity  Commissioners.  It  should  have 
been  made  by  deed  dated  twelve  months  before  the  date  of  donor's 
death,  and  enrolled  in  Court  of  Chancery. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  289 

1774.  Admon.  to  the  estate  of  William  Hamlyn  of  Wide- 
combe-in-the-Moor,  granted  6th  Dec.,  1774,  to  Francis  his  son, 
Agnes,  the  widow,  having  renounced. 


1776.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Ann  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe, 
granted  26th  Aug.,  1776,  to  her  mother  Ann,  wife  of  Hugh 
Hamlyn  of  Blackslade. 

NOTE. — Hugh  Hamlyn,  son  and  heir  of  Hugh  Hamlyn  and  Mary 
Leaman,  was  the  eldest  brother  of  the  John  Hamlyn  who  settled  at 
Brent. 


1778.  Admon.  to  the  estate  of  Edward  Hamlyn  of  Scob- 
betor,  in  the  parish  of  Widecombe,  deceased,  intestate,  granted 
I4th  Feb.,  1778,  to  Ann  his  widow. 

NOTE. — The  maiden  name  of  the  widow  may  have  been  VVakeham, 
as  Elizabeth  Wakeham  of  Totnes,  spinster,  probably  her  sister,  joins 
the  bond  of  obligation. 

Deceased  had  a  leasehold  interest  in  the  Scobbetor  estate,  terminable 
on  the  life  of  his  eldest  brother  William  Hamlyn  of  Dunstone.  They 
were  the  uncles  of  John  Hamlyn,  who,  having  sold  his  inheritance  in 
Widecombe,  removed  to  Brent,  and  died  there.  See  will,  post,  June, 
1806. 


1783.  The  last  Will  of  Walter  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe-in- 
the-Moor,  8th  April,  1783.  He  leaves  his  wife  Ann  an  annuity 
of  £8  to  issue  out  of  (>  Wooder";  to  second  and  fourth  sons, 
John  and  James,  ;£ioo  each.  To  daughter  Mary,  wife  of  Digory 
Hill,  of  the  county  of  Cornwall,  ;£ioo. 

Mentions  an  illegitimate  son,  the  child  of  one  Margaret  Steer, 
who  is  entitled  to  "  a  legal  settlement  "  at  Bovey  Tracy. 

He  leaves  the  Wooder  estate  to  son  Thomas  and  his  heirs 
in  fee-simple.  To  son  Richard,  East  Southway,  in  Widecombe. 
His  "  little  mare "  to  John,  son  of  said  son  John  Hamlyn. 
Residue  to  wife  Ann,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Sealed  with  the  Hamlyn  arms  (see  post  June,  1806). 

Proved  i6th  April,  1783. 

NOTE. — Testator  was  the  descendant  of  the  third  son  of  Robert 
Hamlyn  of  Dunstone,  etc.,  who  died  1556. 


20 


290  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1787.  The  last  Will  of  George  Mortimore  of  North  Bovey, 
1 3th  May,  1786. 

He  leaves  the  "  Cumbe "  estate  in  said  parish  to  his  four 
daughters  Anne,  Mary,  Joan,  and  Elizabeth,  in  fee  simple. 

Legacies  to  "three  children  of  daughter  Ann;  to  John 
German  and  George  Mortimore  German,  sons  of  daughter 
Mary  ;  to  granddaughters  Elizabeth  and  Grace  Richards  ;  to 
be  paid  them  by  daughter  Joan." 

"The  lands  in  Ashburton  belonging  to  daughter  Elizabeth 
to  go  after  her  death  to  her  two  daughters,  Grace  and  Elizabeth 
Richards." 

Trustee,  son-in-law  Richard  Eastabrook. 

To  grandson  John  French,  son  of  daughter  Elizabeth. 

Residue  to  daughters  Mary  and  Joan,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved  ipth  Nov.,  1787. 


1806  The  last  Will  of  John  Hamlyn  of  South  Brent,  dated 
6th  June,  1805,  with  codicil  dated  3rd  Jan.,  1806. 

Exor.  and  residuary  legatee,  son  Joseph  Hamlyn.  Proved 
6th  June,  1806. 

NOTE. — Testator  was  the  second  son  of  Hugh  Hamlyn  of  Black- 
slade,  in  the  parish  of  Widecombe,  and  younger  brother  of  Hugh 
Hamlyn,  also  of  Blackslade,  who  died  without  issue  male.  The 
executor,  Joseph  Hamlyn,  was  the  grandfather  of  the  Hamlyns  now 
settled  at  Buckfastleigh.  They  are  the  direct  descendants  of  Robert 
Hamlyn  of  Blackslade,  lord  of  the  manor  of  Dunstone,  etc.,  who  died 
6th  April,  1556.  See  their  pedigree,  "Visitations  of  the  County  of 
Devon,"  edited  by  Vivian.  Their  ancestor,  referred  to  in  the 
Domesday  Record  as  "  Hamelinus,"  held  much  property  in  Devon  and 
Cornwall  at  the  period  of  the  survey,  and  his  posterity  became  settled 
at  Widecombe-in-the-Moor  between  the  years  1187-1200.  See  Hamlyn 
Wills  in  Part  I. 

See  also  my  "  Suburbs  of  Exeter,"  pp.  187-202,  for  the  history  of 
this  ancient  stock  in  its  several  branches,  and  further  notice  of  the 
family  in  part  iii  post. 

Arms — Gules,  a  lion  rampant,  ermine,  crowned,  or. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  291 

1825.  George  Hamlyn  the  elder  of  Widecombe,  29th  March, 
1823. 

Mentions  son  George,  grandsons  Elias  and  John,  daughters, 
the  wives  of  William  Norris  of  Buckland  and  John  Hodge  of 
Christow.  Residue  to  wife  Mary,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   29th  Aug.,    1825. 


292  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 


PART    II. 


CONSISTORIAL     COURT. 


1556.  The  last  Will  of  Nycholas  Mortymore  of  "  Sampford 
Svvythene"  (Sandford,  nigh  Crediton),  I2th  Dec.,  1556.  Be- 
queaths his  "  soul  to  Almighty  God  and  our  Lady  the  Virgin, 
and  to  all  the  Holy  Company  of  Heaven."  To  the  "  High 
Cross,"  2od.  To  son  John,  six  silver  spoons ;  son  Davye,  a 
littell  crocke,  and  a  four  gallon  panne,  and  three  silver  spoons ; 
to  daughter  Agnes,  a  white  panne  of  five  gallons  ;  to  Margaret 
Parkhouse,  a  five  gallon  panne.  Like  bequests  to  Edward  and 
Joane  Mortymore.  Residue  to  wife  Joan,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  "  Sir  William  Tristamb,  John  Vilvayne,  James 
Mortymore. 

"To  Christey   Hop,  I  owe  I2s.  ;  to  John  Mortymer,  405." 

Proved  iQth  Feb.,  1556. 


1558.  The  last  Will  of  James  Mortymer  of  Sandford, 
1 9th  Oct.,  1558.  To  be  buried  in  parish  church,  and  leaves  to 
the  maintenance  thereof  two  sheep. 

He  disperses  the  residue  of  his  flock  between  his  "god- 
children "  John  Mortymer  the  younger  and  Ebbot  Rowe.  To 
John  Hokeridge,  ,£3  6s.  8d.  ;  to  Nicholas  Tree,  333.  46. 

Residue  to  son  John  Mortymer,  "  he  to  dispose  of  part  of  my 
goods  for  the  wealth  of  my  soul,  and  the  rest  for  the  preserva- 
tion of  his  bodye." 

Witnesses,  Sir  Thomas  Lobone,  clerk,  and  Thomas  Mortymer. 

Proved  I5th  Nov.,  1558. 

"  Robert  Gye,  Gentleman,"  is  a  trustee. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  293 

1576.  The  last  Will  of  John  Mortemere  of  Brydgend,  in  the 
parish  of  St.  Wynnowe,  4th  May,  1575.  To  the  poor  men's 
box,  one  sheep.  To  eldest  son  John,  a  table  board,  the  best  I 
have,  and  six  silver  spoons. 

Mentions  other  sons  Nicholas  and  Richard,  and  grandsons 
Thomas  and  John,  children  of  said  John. 

Residue  to  wife  Johane,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Witnesses,  Edward  Battyn,  curate  of  ''  Lostwythell,"  with 
others. 

Proved  3Oth  May,  1576. 


1594.  The  last  Will  of  Christian  Bremridge,  Widow,  of 
Kerton,  in  County  of  Devon,  dated  7th  April,  1564.  She 
provides  for  daughters  Thomasine  and  Mary. 

Mentions  "brothers"  John  Ware  and   Nicholas   Leache. 

Proved  — ,  1594. 

NOTE. — Testatrix  was  widow  of  John  Bremridge  of  Bremridge  in 
Sandford,  nigh  Kerton,  otherwise  Crediton.  Her  son  and  heir,  John 
Bremridge  of  Bremridge,  had  pre-deceased  her  about  1581.  Her  great 
grandson,  William  Bremridge  of  Bremridge  aforesaid,  was  aged  21 
in  1598,  as  shown  by  Inq.  P.M.  on  death  of  his  father  John. 

See  note  on  Bremridge  family,  p.  189,  ante;  and  part  iii. post. 


1637.      Administration    to    the    effects    of    James    Peter   of 
Marldon,  granted  April  2Oth,   1637,  to  Alice  Peter,  Widow. 
Gilbert  Peter  arid  Abraham  Langdon  join  the  bond. 


1660.  The  last  Will  of  Joane  Grinfeld  of  West  Teignmouth, 
nth  April,  1659. 

She  desires  to  be  buried  as  near  her  husband  as  convenient 

Legacies  to  grandson  William  Smith ;  daughter  Joane 
Bearne  ;  son  Richard  Grinfeld  ;  daughter  Mary  Grinfeld.  She 
also  mentions  Wilmot  and  Ellen  Cocke  ;  daughter  Ellin  Smyth  ; 
and  there  are  legacies  to  Thomas  and  John  Stephen  and  to 
Mary  Martin. 

Residue  to  son  William  Grinfeld,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  29th  Jan.,  1660. 


294  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1660.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Roger  and  Richard 
Grenfield,  late  of  West  Teignmouth,  granted  25th  Jan.,  1660, 
to  Mary,  wife  of  Henry  Martin  of  the  same  parish. 


1663.  The  last  Will  of  William  Adams,  the  elder,  of 
Paignton,  2Oth  June,  1650. 

Legacies  to  wife  Joane ;  sons  Michael,  William,  and  John  ; 
granddaughter  Agnes  Adams. 

Proved  6th  Oct.,  1663. 


1663.  The  last  Will  of  William  Greenfeild  of  West  Teign- 
mouth,  son  and  Exor.  of  Joane  Grinfeld  (whose  will  was 
proved  2pth  Jan.,  1660,  ante],  dated  6th  October,  1663. 

He  leaves  his  property  in  said  town,  and  at  Holcombe,  to 
the  child  his  wife  may  possibly  bear  after  his  death,  and,  failing 
such  issue,  to  the  children  of  his  sisters  Ellin  Smith,  Joane 
Bearne,  and  Mary  Martin. 

Residue  to  wife  Elizabeth,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  3Oth  Oct.,  1663. 


1670.  The  last  Will  of  William  Adam  of  Stoke  Gabriel, 
6th  July,  1669. 

Legacies  to  Penelope  Adam,  to  son  John  and  to  daughter 
Mary  Adam. 

Proved  7th  April,   1670. 


1674.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  John  Tossell  of  Morchard 
Bishop,  granted  2Oth  Nov.,  1674,  to  grandson  John  Beare, 
daughter  Elizabeth  Comyns  having  renounced. 

Account  exhibited  by  said  John  Beare,  i8th  May,  1675, 
after  debts  paid,  &c,  &c.  Balance  of  personality,  ^24  95.  2d. 


1677.     Admon.   to  the  effects  of  William   Adams  of  Stoke 
Gabriel,  granted  Jan.  2Oth,  1687-88,  to  Eleanor  Adams,  Widow. 
Henry  Adams  joins  the  bond. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  295 

1677-78.  The  last  Will  of  William  Adam,  the  elder,  of  Stoke 
Gabriel,  igth  June,  1677. 

Mentions  "  wife."  Legacies  to  son  George  and  to  daughters 
Joan  Bartlett  and  Ellenor  Churchward. 

Residue  to  son-in-law  Thomas  Bartlett,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  5th  Feb.,  1677-78. 


1688.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  William  Adam  of  Paignton, 
granted  loth  May,  1688,  to  Margaret  his  widow.  William 
Penny,  yeoman,  joins  the  bond.  Inventory  by  Nicholas  Bound, 
yeoman,  and  Toby  Belfield,  clothier,  both  of  Paignton. 

NOTE. — The  Belfields  subsequently  acquired  property  at  Paignton, 
known  as  "  Primley,"  by  marriage  with  Finney,  and  also  the  manor,  or 
reputed  manor,  of  Leworth,  in  the  parish  of  Hatherleigh.  In  Paignton 
Church  are  memorial  inscriptions  for  Matthew  and  Protodoms  Finney, 
1731  and  1734,  and  for  Allan  Belfield,  A.D.  1800.  The  latter  endowed 
a  school  at  Paignton  with  the  sum  of  ^1,000.  Mr.  John  Finney 
Belfield,  son  of  the  Rev.  Finney  Belfield,  succeeded  to  Primley  and  other 
property  at  Paignton  in  1858.  Query,  whether  the  above  deceased 
"William  Adam,"  was  identical  with  the  William  Adams  buried  at 
Paignton  1687,  whose  extraordinary  escape  from  the  Algerine  pirates  in 
an  open  boat  has  been  recorded  by  Nathaniel  Wanley,  M.A  ,  in  his 
"  Wonders  of  the  Little  World  "  (London,  folio,  1678). 


1689.  The  last  Will  of  Tristram  Fry  of  Bishop's  Tawton, 
1 7th  Sept.,  1688. 

Legacies  to  Joane,  daughter  of  Francis  Vighill  (?),  widow. 

To  daughter  Margaret  and  son  John  ;  to  kinswoman  Pene- 
lope Langdon. 

Residue  to  Francis  Uphill,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  4th  Jan.,  1689. 


1708-9.  The  last  Will  of  John  Ford  of  Stoke  Gabriel,  dated 
3rd  Dec.,  1707. 

Legacies  to  sister  Agnis  Doust,  to  John  Doust,  to  sister 
Margaret  Ford,  and  to  mother  Jane  Ford. 

Witnesses,  Francis,  Nicholas,  and  Richard  Shepherd. 

Proved  Feb.  6th,  1708-9. 


296  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1716.  The  last  Will  of  Martin  Grenfield,  otherwise  Gran- 
ville,  of  Northill,  in  the  County  of  Cornwall,  Feb.  iSth,  1713. 

He  leaves  Maiy  Nott  and  her  three  children  £10  each. 
William,  Sarah,  Mary,  John,  and  Edward  Nevill  £20  each. 

Mentions  wife. 

Residue  to  Robert  Nevill,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Administration  granted  to  Mary  Nott,  22nd  June,  1716,  vice 
Robert  Nevill,  who  renounced. 


1729.     The  last  Will  of  Simon  Worth,   I4th   April,   1726 

To  brother  John  Worth,  Esq.,  £20,  and  a  like  sum  to  said 
brother's  wife. 

To  Rev.  Thomas  Worth,  £20,  and  to  his  present  wife,  £30. 
To  Gartrude  and  Thomasine  Worth,  daughters  of  the  latter, 
£80  each. 

To  sister  Gartrude  Adams,  £40,  and  to  nephew  John  Worth, 
£20. 

To  sons  and  daughters  of  John  Worth,  Esq.,  £150. 

Residue  to  niece  Margaret,  daughter  of  said  Rev.  Thomas 
Worth,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  2Oth  March,   1729. 

Seal — The  Worth  arms,  crest,  and  mantling. 

NOTE. — Testator,  who  resided  at  Falmouth,  was  a  younger  son  of 
John  Worth,  of  Worth  in  Washfield,  and  of  his  wife,  Thomasine 
Calmady  of  Wembury,  whose  mother  was  a  daughter  of  Sir  Richard 
Buller.  His  brother  John's  wife,  a  beneficiare  under  the  will,  was  the 
daughter  and  heir  of  John  Furse  of  Morshead,  in  the  parish  of  Dean 
Prior.  See  her  will,  p.  45,  ante 

The  "  Rev.  Thomas  Worth  "  was  testator's  brother-in-law,  and  first 
cousin,  he  was  a  canon  residentiary  of  Exeter  Cathedral  and  Rector 
of  Washfield  and  of  High  Bickington  ;  he  died  1737. 


1729.  The  last  Will  of  John  Grenfeild  of  Falmouth,  Yeoman, 
4th  Jan.,  1728. 

To  son-in-law  William  Pearce  of  Falmouth,  baker,  and  Jane 
his  wife,  is.  each. 

To  grandson  George  Doubt  the  younger,  son  of  George 
Doubt  of  Falmouth,  mason,  £5.  Mentions  grandchildren 
William,  John,  Andrew,  Richard,  Jane,  and  Dorothy  Pearse. 

To  wife  Phillippa  Grenfeild,  an  annuity  of  £6. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  297 

Residue  to  son  John  Grenfeild,  then  under  age,  who  is 
Sole  Exor. 

Proved  at  Penryn  in  Cons.  Ct.  of  the  Bp.,  Exon.,  25th 
April,  1729. 


1731.  The  last  Will  of  John  Sanger  of  Bishop's  Nympton, 
28th  April,  1731. 

To  five  poor  people  of  said  parish,  and  to  a  like  number 
in  Mariansleigh,  2os.,  i.e.,  2s.  each. 

He  leaves  his  lands,  etc.,  in  Rose  Ash  and  North  Molton 
to  son  John  and  his  heirs.  Legacies  to  wife  Mary  ;  to 
daughter-in-law  Mary  Sanger;  to  brother  Roger  Sanger;  to 
cousin  Joan,  daughter  of  John  Galland  of  Rose  Ash.  To 
daughter-in-law  Susannah  Sanger  "  my  hackney  horse."  To 
granddaughter  Susannah  Sanger,  and  to  Mary,  daughter  of 
son  Jonathan. 

Residue  to  said  younger  son  Jonathan  Sanger,  who  is  Sole 
Exor. 

Proved  2nd  March,  1731. 


1731.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Phillips  of  Marldon, 
Yeoman,  7th  May,  1730.  Legacies  to  grandsons  Thomas  and 
William  Bartlet  and  to  granddaughter  Elizabeth  Bulley.  He 
leaves  wife  Margery  "  ye  whome  tenement  of  Compton  Poole." 
He  leaves  son-in-law  Thomas  Bartlet  is.,  and  other  landed 
property  to  daughter  Elizabeth  Bartlet  and  to  son  Richard 
Phillips. 

Residue  to  said  son  Richard,  who  is  Sole  Exor.  Proved 
March  3 1st,  1731. 

NOTE. — Compton  Pole,  in  Marldon,  anciently  the  properly  of  the 
Comptons,  passed  by  the  marriage  of  Alice,  daughter  and  heir  of 
Angier  Fitz-Martin  de  Compton,  to  Sir  Maurice  de  Pole,  Kt.  Their 
granddaughter  and  heir,  Alice  Pole,  married  Hugh  Peveiell  of  Leigh, 
and  left  two  daughters  co-heirs  ;  the  one,  Johane,  married  Ralph  de 
Doddescombe,  the  other  Peter  or  Petre.  The  latter  was  maternal 
ancestor  of  the  Gilberts  of  Compton  Castle.  Compton  Pole,  and  Leigh, 
afterwards  known  as  Doddescombleigh,  helonged  to  Sir  John 
Doddescomb  in  1347.  One  of  his  daughters  and  co-heirs,  Cicely, 
married  Richard  Worthe  of  Worth,  and  Compton  Pole  descended  with 
the  Washfield  property  until  the  time  of  Thomas  Worthe  of  Worth,  who 


298  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

left  it  to  his  younger  grandson,  Roger  Worthe,  Mayor  of  Exeter,  1482, 
but  who  was  of  Compton  Pole  and  Doddescombleigh  before  1464.  From 
the  latter  date  Compton  Pole  continued  to  be  the  principal  residence  of 
the  second  house  of  Worth  down  to  the  middle  of  the  seventeenth 
century,  when  it  was  sold  by  John  Worthe  of  Compton,  about  1650. 
In  consequence  of  a  marriage  with  Bodley,  cousin  of  the  founder  of  the 
Bodleian  library,  Mr.  Worthe's  immediate  predecessors  had  then  some- 
time removed  to  Crediton  and  Exeter.  See  ante,  p.  21. 

Roger  Worthe   was    uncle,    not    "  brother,"    of  Anthony  Worth  of 
Worth,  as  by  a  slip  appears  in  the  text  note,  ante,  p.  103. 


1741-42.  Nicholas  Adams  of  Marldon,  Mariner,  dated  8th 
Nov.,  1778.  Legacies  to  brother  John  Adams;  to  Susannah 
Bartlet,  spinster  ;  to  Nicholas,  son  of  Henry  Braddon  of  Har- 
berton ;  and  Mary  his  wife.  Residue  to  Mary,  wife  of  said 
Henry  Braddon,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

"  Rawleigh  Gilbert,"  a  witness. 

Proved   March  I2th,   1741-2. 


1760.     Richard  Fry  of  Sandford,  nigh  Crediton,   I4th  April, 
1760.     Mentions  wife  Margaret,  and  son  John  Fry. 
Trustees,  John  Law  and   Robert  Snow. 
Witnesses,  Susannah  Greenslade  and  John   Bragg. 
Proved  Qth  Dec,   1760 


1763.     Mary  Sanger  of  Bishop's  Nympton,  1st  March,  1731. 

Legacies  to  son  Jonathan  Sanger  of  Romansleigh  ;  to  Mary, 
daughter  of  son  John  ;  to  Susannah  and  Mary,  children  of  said 
Jonathan  ;  to  kinswoman  Mary,  daughter  of  Elias  Bray  of 
Rose  Ash  ;  to  Mary,  daughter  of  Lewis  Pollard  of  "  Marleigh  "  ; 
to  John  Adams,  sen.,  and  Mary  his  daughter,  both  of  Mary- 
ansleigh  aforesaid. 

Residue  to  son  John,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved   I3th  May,   1763. 


1764.  Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Joyce  Fry  of  Penryn,  and 
County  of  Cornwall,  granted  29th  Nov.,  1764,  to  John  Tom, 
her  kinsman. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  299 

1768.  The  last  Will  of  John  Sanger  of  Bishop's  Nympton, 
4th  April,  1761.  To  wife  Mary  an  annuity  of  £30.  Mentions 
sons  John  and  Edward,  and  daughters  Mary,  wife  of  James 
Loosemore;  Ann,  wife  of  Henry  Smyth;  and  Jane  Sanger. 

Proved   I3th  July,   1763. 


1837.  The  last  Will  of  Roger  Densham  of  Middlecot,  in 
Morchard  Bishop,  4th  Dec.,  1836.  He  leaves  his  son  Roger 
Densham  all  his  lands,  inclusive  of  "  Hodges  Middlecot  and 
Wreford's  Middlecot,"  both  in  said  parish.  Mentions  wife  Ann 
Densham,  sons  Richard  and  William,  daughters  Mary  and 
Agnes;  grandsons,  children  of  said  William,  William,  Roger, 
John,  and  Henry  Densham. 

Proved  Jan.  i8th,   1837. 


300  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 


PART    II. 


PRINCIPAL    REGISTRY. 


1413-14.  The  last  Will  of  William  Langeton,  made  at  the 
Bishop's  House,  Manor  of  Clyst,  2Qth  of  January,  1413. 

He  desires  to  be  buried  on  the  right  or  left  side  of  the  tomb 
of  Edmund,  then  Bishop  of  Exeter,  in  Exeter  Cathedral, 
and  leaves  to  the  library  of  the  said  church  five  books,  entitled 
"A  Body  of  Civil  Law,"  to  remain  in  said  library  for  ever. 
He  bequeaths  to  the  parish  church  of  "  Wellys,"  nigh  "  Wal- 
syngham,"  in  diocese  of  Norwich,  one  missal,  one  ordinal, 
and  one  book  known  as  "  The  Apple  of  the  Eye,"  as  well 
as  a  set  of  vestments  for  priest,  deacon,  and  sub-deacon,  to  be 
purchased  by  Exors.  at  a  cost  of  £10.  A  set  of  vestments 
for  priests,  value  403.,  to  the  parish  church  of  "  Rokeby," 
diocese  of  Coventry  and  Lichfield.  The  same  to  church  of 
"  Warbytton,"  and  to  Collegiate  Church  of  Boseham,  to  the 
parish  church  of  "Wysbergh"  (Wisborough,  near  Billingshurst), 
all  in  diocese  of  Chichester.  To  Collegiate  Church  of  Ottery 
St.  Mary,  diocese  of  Exon. 

He  leaves  all  the  profits  of  his  prebend  of  "  Prustecomb," 
due  at  the  time  of  his  death,  to  the  fabric  of  the  nave  of 
the  Collegiate  Church  of  the  Holy  Cross  at  Crediton,  now 
ruinous  (jam  fere  ad  terrain  prostrate).  A  set  of  vestments  to 
the  church  of  Southpole,  diocese  of  Exeter. 

To  the  poor  of  the  parish  of  "Wellys"  (Wells  next-the- 
sea)  £3  6s.  8d.,  and  to  those  of  the  parish  of  "  Wysbergh," 
of  my  prebends  of  "  Westbrok  and  Appeldurham,"  of  the 
parish  of  "  Warbytton,"  and  of  "  my  church"  of  Southpole,  20s. 
each.  To  William  Pole,  one  silver  cup,  with  its  cover,  standing 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  301 

on  three  feet  in  form  of  lions;  to  chaplain,  John  Wylle,  "ad 
orandum"  etc.  ;  to  the  chaplains,  clerks,  and  boys  of  the 
Episcopal  Chapel  at  Exeter,  £5  ;  to  the  Bishop  of  Exeter's 
domestic  servants,  £5  ;  to  Margaret,  wife  of  John  Arderne,  a 
scarlet  jupon,  trimmed  with  fur. 

Residue  to  Exors.  John  Schute,  vicar  of  Paignton  ("  Peyng- 
ton ")  and  John  Arderne,  Esq.,  to  be  applied  for  two  or 
three  years  to  the  education  of  '"  William  Portour,  my  little 
son,"  and  afterward  "  for  the  health  of  my  soul  and  of  those 
of  all  the  faithful  departed." 

(The  collated  will  is  in  Latin  throughout). 

Proved  7th  Feb.  1413-14. 

Under  £212. 

NOTE. — The  "tomb"  in  which  "Edmund,  Bishop  of  Exeter"  lies 
buried  was  evidently  prepared  some  }ears  before  that  prelate's  death, 
which  occurred  3rd  September,  1419. 

This  prelate  was  Edmund,  son  and  heir  of  Sir  Richard  Stafford,  Lord 
Stafford  of  Clifton-Camville,  near  Tamworth,  and  was  a  relative,  either 
uncle  or  cousin,  of  the  reverend  testator,  who  died  on  the  same  day  his 
will  was  executed. 

The  Bishop  had  a  brother,  Sir  Thomas  Stafford,  who  left  a  daughter, 
the  wife  of  Sir  John  Arderne  of  Elford ;  their  son,  John  Arderne, 
was  evidently  the  Exor.  named  in  the  Canon's  will,  and  also  his 
kinsman. 

From  between  the  hands  of  Canon  Langeton's  counterfeit  present- 
ment on  his  beautiful  brass  at  Exeter,  proceeds  a  precatory  scroll, 
"  Lord  Jesu,  do  not  judge  me  according  to  my  act."  That  deceased 
possibly  did  not  believe  in  the  presumed  celibacy  of  the  clergy,  is 
sufficiently  evident  by  the  mention  of  his  "  little  son,"  for  whose 
education  he  made  due  provision,  although  the  expression  "filiolus" 
as  used  by  the  clergy,  has  been  held  to  bear  a  more  spiritual  signi- 
fication. The  cope  on  the  figure  of  the  deceased  churchman  is 
profusely  ornamented  with  the  Stafford  knot. 


1445-46.  The  last  Will  of  John  Carnell,  Clerk,  arch-priest 
of  Haccombe,  nth  September,  1445.  Desires  to  be  buried 
in  the  chancel  of  Haccombe  Church. 

He  bequeaths  2Os.  and  his  "cow  in  calf"  "to  find  a  light 
for  the  image  of  St.  Blase."  Small  benefactions  for  pious  uses 
to  the  altar  of  St.  Nicholas  in  Ringmore  Chapel ;  to  the 
fraternity  of  St.  George  in  Stokeintinhead  ;  and  of  the 
"Blessed  Mary"  at  Combeintinhead  ;  St.  Michael,  of  Newton 
Abbot  ;  St.  Piran  in  Zabulo ;  the  Trinity  of  St.  Sithncy ; 


302  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

St.    Mary,   of  Camborne  ;    St.  Winnery ;    St.   Michael  ;    all    in 
Cornwall. 

For  similar  uses,  he  leaves  his  own  "  portiphory "  (pro- 
cessional banner)  and  that  of  "  Mr.  Richard  Olyver,"  to  pray 
for  his  soul. 

"Ivory  white  gown,  trimmed  with  beaver  fur,"  to  George 
Doune. 

Bequests  to  servant  Henry  Router,  Mary,  his  wife,  and  to 
John  Router,  "filiolo  meo "  (see  note  to  Canon  Langeton's 
will,  A.D.  1413,  ante],  to  servant  "Michael"  and  to  Richard 
Doune. 

An  ivory  white  gown,  trimmed  with  otter,  and  a  cap  of 
the  same,  to  Sir  John  Lorde,  chaplain.  A  blood  colour  gown 
and  cap  to  Canon  Sir  John  Byllyck,  a  gown  of  crimson  to 
Canon  John  Stephens,  of  Holywell.  To  Richard,  Canon  of 
Coffinswell ;  John  Jule,  Vicar  of  St.  Mary  Church;  Emma, 
mother  of  George  Doune ;  Juliana,  wife  of  John  Vele  of 
Kingsbridge ;  Alice,  wife  of  Nicholas  Stephyn  of  Exeter ; 
Isabella,  wife  of  Thomas  Skinner  of  Dartmouth,  small 
bequests. 

George  Doune  to  have  eight  marks  per  annum  and  a  pipe 
of  cider  to  celebrate  for  his  soul  continually  in  Haccombe 
Church. 

Residue  to  said  George  Doune,  Nicholas  Stephyn,  Robert 
Seaward,  and  Henry  Router,  who  are  joint  Exors. 

Proved   I2th  Feb ,  1445-46. 

NOTE  — The  Arch-presbytery  of  Haccombe,  one  of  the  smallest 
parishes  in  England,  with  a  population  of  seven  or  eight  inhabitants, 
was  founded  in  1341  by  Sir  John  L'Ercedekne,  Kt.,  as  an  establish- 
ment for  an  arch-priest  and  five  canons,  who  were,  in  fact,  Chantry 
priests.  The  above  Testator  was  admitted  as  "  Arch-priest "  upon 
the  nomination  of  Sir  Nicholas  Carew  (an  account  of  whose  family 
will  be  found  in  part  iii.,  post),  3151  July,  1434. 


1594.     The  last  will  of  Joan  Fry,  of  High  Bickington,   loth 
July,  1594. 

Makes  sister,  Emma  Fry,  universal    legatee  and  sole    Exor. 
Proved  by  Executrix,  2Oth  July,  1594. 


DEVONSHIRE    WILLS.  303 

1601.  (Memorandum).  Administration  to  the  goods  of 
Matthew  Fry,  late  of  the  city  of  Exeter,  was  granted  in  the 
Principal  Registry,  2Oth  June,  1601. 

Admon.  to  the  goods  of  Christopher  Fry,  of  the  City  of  Exon, 
was  granted  in  the  same  registry,  in  1703,  but  the  bond  is  now 
missing. 


1601.  (May).  The  last  Will,  nuncupative,  of  George 
Mortimer,  alias  Tanner,  of  Pillaven,  in  the  parish  of  Witheridge, 
Yeoman,  i8th  of  May,  1601.  His  effects  to  be  sold  and  debts 
paid,  and  the  surplus  over  and  above  to  be  given  to  his 
"  daughter  "  Margaret. 

His  sons,  Lewis  and   Methuselah,  to  be  joint   Exors. 

Proved  28th  May,   1601. 


1603.     Inventory  of  the  effects  of  John  Mortimer,  of  Totnes, 
exhibited  loth  September,  1603. 
Extracts  : — 

"Item  owing  from  Roger  Mortimer           ...          ...  405. 

"OneCloke £3. 

"    „     Doublett           5s. 

"     „     pair  of  hose     ...          ...         ...          ...         ...  55. 

"Two  hatts  and  hatt  bands             ...         ...          ...  2os. 

"One  rapier  and  ponyarde...          ...          ...          ...     6s.  8d. 

"A  girdle  and  paire  of  hangers     ...         ...          ...  2s. 

"A  paire  of  busgyns              ...          ...          ...          ...  2s. 

"  Item  in    Allin   Bartlett's  hands,  one  golde  ringe 

of  three  gymmes            ...         ...          ...          ...  155. 

"Item,  five  yardes  of  stripe  stuff  ...          ..           ...  I2s." 

NOTE. — "  Busgyns." — From  the  reign  of  Henry  V.,  Buskins,  or 
shore  boots,  called  by  the  French  bottines,  may  be  traced.  In  the 
seventeenth  century  these  wide-topped  boots  were  generally  used  for 
riding,  and  they  usually  had  a  very  curious  clog  or  false  sole,  and  were 
excessively  high  heeled,  and  must  have  been  most  uncomfortable  for 
pedestrian  purposes. 


304  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1608.  The  last  Will,  nuncupative,  of  Margaret  Mor- 
timer, alias  Tanner,  of  Witheridge,  Spinster,  dated  2pth  March, 
1608.  She  leaves  her  money  to  sisters  Susan  and  Anne 
Mortimer,  alias  Tanner,  and  to  sister,  Frances  Harwood. 

Residue  to   brother  Lewis,   who  is  sole   Exor. 

Proved  4th  April,   1608. 

Refer  to  May,  1601,  ante. 


1617.  The  last  Will  of  Andrew  Mortymer  of  Sandford,  2Oth 
February,  i6th  James.  He  leaves  "my  wife"  rent  charge  on 
land  in  Crediton  and  Cheriton  Fitz  Pain,  terminable  on  the 
life  of  Thomas  Mortymore,  charged  with  an  annuity  of  £$ 
to  son,  John  Mortymer. 

Trustees,  in  minority  of  said  son,  William  Bremridge  and 
Wm.  Esvvorthy.  Residue  to  wife  (name  not  given)  who  is 
Sole  Executrix. 

Proved  20th  March,  1617. 

NOTE. — This  Will  was  proved  again,  thirty-two  years  later,  by  "my 
wife's  "  second  husband.  (See  ante,  p.  189.) 


1623.  The  last  Will  of  Thomas  Rattenbury  of  North 
Tamerton,  in  the  county  of  Cornwall,  Gentleman,  June 
24th,  1605. 

All  lands  and  tenements,  situated  in  parish  of  St.  Breage, 
to  wife  Marjory  and  to  her  heirs.  To  poor  of  North  Tamerton, 
2os.,  and  to  the  churchwardens  of  the  parish  of  Bridgrule  in 
county  of  Devon,  the  sum  of  2os.,  to  be  lent  from  time 
to  time  to  some  "  poor  man  or  maid "  of  the  east  side  of 
said  parish,  born  or  married  in  it,  for  one,  two,  or  three  years, 
at  the  discretion  of  said  churchwardens,  etc.,  and  so  to  be 
continued  from  time  to  time. 

Bequests  to  godchildren  Thomas  Hooper  and  Francis 
Rattenbury,  to  daughter-in-law  Mary  Worther,  and  to  sister 
Joan  Bounde's  children  ;  to  brother  Edward  Rattenbury,  2OS. 

Residue  to  said   wife,  who  is   Sole  Executrix. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  305 

Overseers,  brothers-in-law,   John  and  Wm.    Hooper.     To  be 
described  on   tomb-stone  as  "  Captain  Thomas  Rattenhury. 
Proved  Nov.   nth,   1623. 

NOTE. — The  bequest  of  205.  for  the  benefit  of  certain  parishioners 
of  Bridgerule  is  not  noticed  in  the  report  of  the  Charity  Com- 
missioners. 


1627.  Memorandum  that  on  St.  James's  day  last  past 
(25th  July,  1627),  John  Mortymer  of  Exbourne  made  his 
last  Will,  nuncupative,  in  maner  and  forme  followinge  : — To 
daughter  Mary  he  left  one  great  crocke  and  one  brass  panne, 
and  405.  a  year  during  the  life  of  James  Mortymer ;  her 
brother  and  the  said  James  to  be  Sole  Exors. 

Witnesses,  William  Weekes,  George  Bond,  Dorothy  Baker. 

Proved,  loth  August,  1627. 

Sum,  £138   i6s.  4d. 


1631.  The  last  Will  of  Nickolle  Sanner  of  Buckfastleigh, 
Widow  (no  date).  Legacies  to  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Peter 
Putteven  and  to  Grace  Putteven,  inclusive  of  "one  brason 
krocke  and  one  limbricke  thereto  belonginge." 

Residue  to  sons,  Peter  and  Robert  Putteven,  who  are  Sole 
Exors. 

No  Act.     Endorsed    1631. 

NOTK. — The  "  Limbricke,"  properly  Limbeck,  derived  from 
"alembicus";  i.e.,  alembic  was  the  distillatory  appliance  which  fitted 
the  crock,  and  was  used  for  the  manufacture  of  what  was,  and  is, 
locally  termed  "  still  liqours,'1  that  is  spirit  from  the  dregs  of  cider. 


1634.  The  last  Will  of  John  Mortymore  of  Faringdon, 
1 5th  May,  1634.  Legacies  to  grandchild  Abigail  Trewant;  to 
Mary,  Edward,  and  Joan  Streat ;  to  Mary,  daughter  of  son 
George  Mortymer  ;  to  son  Robert  Mortymer  ;  to  daughter 
Grace  Trewant;  to  son-in-law,  Edward  Streat,  and  Christian, 
his  wife. 

Residue  to  wife,  Christian  Mortymore,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   nth  June,   1634. 

Witnesses,  John   Force  and  Richard   Presforde. 


21 


3o6  DE  VONSHIRE     IV  ILLS. 

1640.  The  last  Will  of  Richard  Grenvile  of  Norcott, 
in  the  parish  of  Poughill  and  county  of  Cornwall,  Gentleman, 
6th  March,  1637. 

Mentions  wife  "  Garthered,"  daughter  Grace  Grenvile,  and 
brother-in-law  Lewis  Enckledon  of  Braunton. 

Residue  to  son,  diamond  Grenvile,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  22nd  May,   1640. 

NOTE. — "Enckledon" — The  Incledons  of  Incledon,  in  parish  of 
Braunton,  were  settled  there  as  early  as  the  year  1160. 

Testator  married  Gertrude,  one  of  the  daughters  of  Lewis  Incledon 
of  Braunton,  by  his  second  wife,  Wilmot,  daughter  of  Andrew 
Pomeroy  of  Colyton.  Her  brother,  Lewis  Incledon,  was  of  Buckland, 
in  Braunton,  an  estate  purchased  by  his  ancestor  "  Godfrey  Incledon, 
from  Adam  de  Wickloe,  in  1319."  Testator  was  the  second  son  of 
George,  a  brother  of  Sir  George  Grenvile,  Kt,  grandson  of  Digory 
Grenvile  of  Penheale,  by  his  wife,  Philippa  Gough.  Said  Digory 
was  third  son  of  Roger  Grenvile  of  Stowe  and  Bideford,  known  as 
"the  great  housekeeper,"  the  direct  descendant  of  Richard  de 
Grenvile,  Earl  of  Corbeil  and  Granville,  in  Normandy,  son  of 
"  Hamon  of  the  teeth,"  and  the  follower  of  William  the  Conqueror. 
(See  my  "  Bideford"  (Notes  Genealogical  and  Historical),  p.  21.) 


1648.  The  last  Will  of  Agnes  Fry  of  Bratton  Fleming, 
Widow,  1 4th  May,  1648.  She  leaves  the  interest  of  her 
money,  during  their  minority,  to  the  two  children  of 
Thomas  Reed  ;  the  principal,  as  soon  as  they  have  attained 
their  majority,  to  be  given  to  the  poor  of  Bratton  Fleming, 
unless  said  Thomas  Reed  undertakes  the  responsibilities  of 
the  estate. 

Said  Thomas  Reed  is  appointed  Sole  Exor. 

Proved  9th  June,  1648. 

NOTE. — There  is  no  reference  to  such  a  bequest  in  the  report  of 
the  Charity  Commission. 


1649.     Admon.  to  the  effects  of  Nicholas  Sanger  of  Marians- 
leigh,  granted  6th   May,    1649,  to  Amy,  his  widow. 
Sum  £199  75.    id. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 


307 


1672.  The  last  Will  of  Robert  Tanner,  alias  Mortimere, 
of  Cruse  Morchard,  Yeoman,  yth  November,  1672. 

To  the  poor  of  Cruse  Morchard,  2os.  Legacies  to  Jesse 
Parker,  to  Sarah  and  her  sister  Jane  (T.  alias  M.)  of  Crecombe  ; 
to  Agnes  Kelland,  the  elder ;  to  John  Handford's  wife.  To 
Robert  Tanner  of  Crecombe,  and  to  Jane  Shapcot,  a  silver 
spoon  each.  To  Grace  Agnes  (the  younger),  Mary  and  Jone 
Kelland,  2os.  each.  To  Alice  Webber,  servant  to  John  Brad- 
ford, the  elder,  of  Poughill.  To  John  Bradford,  the  younger, 
"one  silver  beare  bowle."  To  John  Tanner,  alias  Mortimere, 
of  Cruse  Morchard,  £20.  Residue  to  servant,  Alice  Thomas, 
who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

The  gift  of  a  silver  spoon  to  Jane  Shapcote  is  revoked  by 
Codicil  dated  5th  January,  1672-73. 

Witnesses,  John  Melhuish  and  John  Bradford. 

No  act  of  Proof.      Inventory  exhibited  7th  February,  1672. 

NOTE — The  witness,  "John  Melhuish  "  of  Stockleigh,  was  brother  of 
Thomas  Melhuish,  Esq.,  of  Hill,  in  Cruse  Morchard,  who  married  Jane 
Courtenay ;  said  Thomas  was  great-grandfather  of  that  Richard  Mel- 
huish of  Poughill  Barton  who  married  the  heiress  of  Bremridge  in 
T775-  (See  ante,  note  p.  189.) 


1674.  The  last  Will  of  Henry  Grenfeilde  of  Truro,  Gen- 
tleman, 7th  July,  1674. 

He  leaves  his  leasehold  property  in  Kenwyn,  held  under 
Richard,  Lord  Arundell,  and  Hugh  Boscawen,  to  his  son 
Henry.  Residue  to  wife  Barsheba,  who  is  Sole  Executrix. 

Proved   loth  September,   1674. 


1677.  Administration  to  the  effects  of  Philip  Fry  of 
Hatherleigh,  granted  4th  July,  1668,  to  Anthony  Fry  of 
Crediton,  his  son. 


1697.  The  last  Will  of  James  Fry  of  Milton  Damarell, 
1 8th  July,  1605.  Mentions  sons,  James,  Thomas,  Henry,  and 
William  Fry  ;  daughters,  Barbara,  Anstice,  Mary,  and  Sarah. 
Residue  to  wife,  Sarah  Fry,  who  is  sole  Executrix. 

Proved  23rd  November,  1697. 


308  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1699.  Adnion.  to  the  effects  of  Elias  Sanger,  of  Marians- 
leigh,  granted  22nd  August,  1699,  to  Roger,  his  son.  John 
Sanger,  of  the  same,  yeoman,  joins  the  Bond. 


1726.  The  last  Will  of  diamond  "  Granville,"  Rector  of 
Kilkhampton,  29th  Sept.,  1720. 

He  leaves  his  brothers,  Richard  and  John,  5s.  each.  Men- 
tions his  "Cosins"  Gartrude  and  Catherine  Granville. 

He  leaves  Poughill  Mills  to  kinsman,  Robert  Granville, 
after  death  of  Executrix.  Residue  to  wife  Rebecca,  who  is 
sole  Executrix. 

Proved   nth  Nov.,   1726. 

Seal — Three  organ  rests. 

NOTE. — Arms  of  Granville,  gu.,  three  rests,  or.  These  arms  are 
found  on  the  seal  of  Richard  Grenvile  of  Kilkhampton  and  Bide- 
ford,  erroneously  called  "Thomas"  in  the  Visit  Fed.,  who  died  in 
1204. 

It  will  be  noticed  that  Testator  was  rector  of  Kilkhampton  (the 
right  of  presentation  to  which  church  had  been  established  by  Sir 
Richard  Grenvile  in  1 242) ;  he  was  grandson  of  Richard  Grenvile 
(Will  proved  1640,  ante],  and  married  Rebecca,  daughter  of  Rev.  A. 
Sleeman,  s.  p.  "  Kinsman  Robert "  of  "  Poughill  Mills  "  was  his 
nephew,  son  of  brother  Richard,  a  beneficiare  under  the  Will,  but 
who  died  some  months  before  testator,  April,  1725.  "Gartrude  and 
Catherine  "  were  Testator's  nieces,  and  sisters  of  said  Robert. 


1754.  The  last  Will  of  Southcomb  Sanger  of  Marleigh, 
7th  January,  1754.  He  leaves  certain  bouses  in  Landkey  to 
brother  John  Sanger,  and  his  brothers-in-law  John  Hill  and 
John  Kemp,  in  trust  for  his  daughter  Ann,  wife  of  William 
Mogford.  Legacies  to  Elizabeth  Zeal,  and  to  Dorothy, 
Mary,  and  Joan  Hill,  and  to  John  Hill,  children  of  John 
Hill  of  Withy poole.  2Os.  each  parish  to  the  poor  of  Landkey 
and  Marley. 

Residue  to  brother  John  Sanger,  who  is  Sole  Exor. 

Proved   ist  November,   1754. 

"  Admon.  de  bonis  non"  of  above,  by  John  Sanger,  the  Exor., 
deceased,  granted  to  John  Sanger,  2nd  June,  1788. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  309 

1788.     Admon.   to  the   effects  of   John  Sanger  of  Marians- 
leigh,  deceased,  granted  2nd  June,   1788,  to  John,  his  son. 
Under  £300. 


1794.  The  last  Will  of  Diana  Mortimer  of  Ringinore, 
St.  Nicholas,  Widow,  25th  May,  1792.  To  brother  Nicholas 
Watts,  and  brother-in-law  John  Mortiinore,  leasehold  dwelling 
house,  interest  to  pay  the  rents  to  daughters,  Diana,  wife  of 
John  Hugo  of  Newton,  and  Mary  Mortimer.  To  said  daughters 
and  to  daughter-in-law  Elizabeth  Mortimer,  six  guineas  each 
for  mourning.  To  sister  Elizabeth  Fox,  £2  2s.  Residue  to 
son  William  Mortimer,  and  his  heirs. 

Witnesses,  Henry  Bulley,  James  Crockwell,  and  Mary 
Owens. 

Proved   loth  April,   1794. 

NOTE. — "  Henry  Bulley." — For  note  as  to  the  Bulley  family  of  St. 
Nicholas,  &c.,  a  branch  of  "  Bolhay,"  of  Blackborough  Bolhay, 
see  my  "  Devonshire  Parishes,"  vol.  ii.,  p.  267. 

Testatrix  was  the  second  wife  of  William,  brother  of  Joseph  Mortimer, 
and  of  John  Mortimer,  named  in  the  will. 


1799.  The  last  Will  of  Joseph  Mortimer  of  St.  Nicholas 
(Ringmore),  Mariner,  May  I4th,  1768.  He  leaves  his  house 
with  furniture  and  stock-in  trade,  viz.,  "ships,  boats,  lighters, 
and  craft"  to  wife  for  life,  with  reversion  to  daughter  Mary, 
with  a  moiety  of  the  "clay  trade."  To  daughter  Charlotte, 
his  share  in  the  new  clay  house  at  Hackney  in  King- 
steignton,  and  another  third  part  to  daughter  Elizabeth. 
Remainder  of  all  rights  in  above,  with  certain  property  in 
Kingsteignton,  to  son  Joseph,  and  his  heirs  for  ever. 

Residue  to  said  wife,  Elizabeth  Mortimer,  who  is  Sole 
Executrix. 

Proved  24th  June,   1779. 

NOTE. — Testator's  daughter  Charlotte  married  William  Branscombe 
of  Newton  Abbot,  and  her  daughter,  Charlotte  Branscombe,  was  the 
wife  of  Edward  Granville.  (Refer  to  Note,  p.  285,  and  to  p.  229  for 
the  Branch.  Son  Hugh  Mortimer  is  there  misprinted  "Sir.") 

Testator  died  at  Ringmore  (Shaldon),  Mirch  7th,  1777. — .•£.  46. 


DEVONSHIRE    WILLS. 


PART    III. 


SOME  GENTLE  HOUSES  OF  THE  WEST. 


INTRODUCTORY. 

WE  are  told  by  an  old  writer  that  "  by  the  custom  of  England, 
nobility  is  either   major  or  minor.     The  first  comprehends  all 
titles  and  degrees  from  knighthood  upwards,  and  the  latter  all 
from  barons  downwards."     But,  although  families  that  can  trace 
themselves    to    some  forefather    who    commenced  a  pedigree  at 
one    or    other    of  the    Herald's    Visitations  have   undoubtedly 
gentle  position  in  right  of  "  ancestry,"  such  is  scarcely  superior 
to  the  status  of  those  who  have   been    made  "gentle "by  the 
operation    of    a    modern    grant    of    arms,    and    our    "  county 
gentry,"   as   it   is    the    fashion    now    to   term,  somewhat  indis- 
criminately,   all  who  happen  to  be  provincial    landowners,   are 
by  no  means   universally  of  real  "gentle"  extraction,  or  even 
position,  at  all,  and,  in  the  majority  of  instances,  have  certainly 
no  claim  to  rank  themselves  amongst  the  "minor  nobility,"  for 
such  distinction  can  only  be  fairly  claimed  by  those  who   are 
able  to  show  their  descent  from  such  personages  asn  under  the 
feudal  system,  held  their  lands  directly  from  the  Crown  or  under 
some  great  lord  paramount — a  stringent  qualification  which,  it 
is  to  be  feared,  is   too  much    overlooked  at    the    present  day, 
when    it    has    come    to    be    rather    generally    considered    that 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  311 

anyone  who  can  live  without  manual  labour,  even  a  trades- 
man apart  from  his  business  and  in  the  seclusion  of  his 
suburban  villa,  is  entitled  to  write  himself  "  gentleman."  But 
there  are  many,  it  is  satisfactory  to  say,  who  are  quite  aware 
of  the  absurdity  of  this  contention,  and  who  are  therefore 
increasingly  anxious  to  ascertain  their  real  claims  to  hereditary 
distinction  or  the  reverse,  hence  it  is  that  modern  genealogical 
compilations  are  received  with  interest,  and  have  their  uses 
to  searchers  after  truth,  on  account  of  the  valuable  informa- 
tion they  convey  from  the  necessarily  unerring  evidence  of 
contemporary  records. 

However  much  people  may  be  in  possession  of  historic 
houses,  or  of  ancient  manor-,  by  purchase  from  their  original 
owners,  the  social  position  of  the  latter  has  by  no  means 
passed  with  their  acres,  besides  which  very  many  miscalled 
"  county  residences "  of  the  present  day  are  of  importance 
only  on  the  score  of  antiquity,  their  original  owners  having 
never  had  the  least  pretension  to  style  themselves  "  gentle- 
men," and  it  may  safely  be  added,  any  wish  to  do  so  either. 

The  advent  of  the  House  of  Tudor  was  a  death  blow  to 
the  prestige  of  our  ancient  county  gentry  as  a  whole.  A  few 
families  survived  for  ages,  comparatively  very  few  indeed 
have  retained  their  ancient  position  and  importance  to  the 
present  time,  hence  it  is  that  the  genealogies  of  the  '*  minor 
nobility"  are  not  to  be  found,  to  any  appreciable  extent,  in 
modern  compilations  upon  "  Landed  Gentry  "  or  "  County 
Families."  If  for  "  gentry,"  the  word  "  proprietors "  were 
substituted,  the  first  title  would  be  much  less  misleading 
than  the  second.  It  is  therefore  in  extension  of  my  original 
plan  that  I  have  been  induced  to  offer  in  the  following 
pages  a  limited  number  of  West  Country  genealogies.  Some 
of  the  families  I  have  selected  in  illustration  of  my  con- 
tention, have  perhaps  not  the  same  stake  in  the  country  that 
their  ancestors  enjoyed  formerly  ;  but,  although  their  ancient 
local  importance,  like  their  lands,  may  have  diminished  in  the 
course  of  centuries,  they  still  have  their  long  line  of  ancestry 
to  rely  upon,  and  can  mostly  claim  the  proud  distinction  of 
an  inheritance  of  English  minor  nobility — a  truly  valuable 
privilege  at  the  present  day. 


312  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

The  feudal  tenures  ceased  to  convey  much  of  their  ancient 
importance  upon  their  owners,  primarily,  in  consequence  of 
deliberate  efforts  of  the  Kings  Henry  VII.  and  VIII.  to  depress 
the  great  families  and  to  create  a  new  body  of  so-called 
"  gentry,"  principally  out  of  the  higher  orders  of  merchants  ; 
and  the  latter,  as  the  late  Professor  Froude  has  observed,  were 
thus  "  able  to  root  themselves  in  the  land  by  the  side  of  the 
Norman  nobility,  first  to  rival,  and  then  slowly  to  displace 
them."  (See  also  my  "  Ashburton  and  its  Neighbourhood," 
p.  150.) 

These  merchants  recorded  their  pedigrees  at  the  visitation 
courts,  and  thus  founded  what  I  may  term  modern  gentle 
houses.  Although  the  first  "  visitation "  to  ascertain  the 
descent  of  families  is  said,  upon  the  authority  of  a  note  to 
MS.  Harleian,  1196,  to  have  been  held  in  1412,  many  years 
before  the  actual  incorporation  of  the  Kings  of  Arms  and 
Heralds,  yet  such  courts  were  practically  commenced  by 
commission  dated  2oth  Henry  VIII.  (1528-9);  Cornwall,  by 
Benolte,  Clarencieux  King  of  Arms,  1530,  is  one  of  the 
earliest.  They  are  said  to  have  been  persevered  in  as  a  result 
of  the  dissolution  of  monasteries,  which  commenced  in  1535, 
and  which  had  hitherto  been  the  repositories  of  genealogical 
records.  Afterward  they  were  continued  at  intervals  of 
about  a  quarter  of  a  century,  in  some  cases  as  late  as  1686. 
The  Devonshire  "  Visitations "  are  dated  1531,  1564,  1572,  and 
1620  respectively.  The  original,  of  the  several  copies,  of 
the  last  is  preserved  amongst  the  M.S.  Harleian  (British 
Museum),  Nos.  1163-4. 

Although  these  "  visitations  "  are  taken  as  legal  evidence  of 
descent,  some  of  the  pedigrees  will  not  bear  comparison 
with  ancient  family  records,  and,  whilst  the  dates  are  often 
exceedingly  unreliable,  there  are  many  positive  anachronisms. 
Thus,  in  one  pedigree,  already  sufficiently  referred  to  in  the 
notes  to  the  foregoing  wills  (Worthe  of  Worth),  Robert  W., 
who  is  mentioned  in  a  family  deed  of  1167,  is  made  the 
fatlier  of  his  descendant  in  the  ninth  generation,  Thomas  W., 
who  flourished  in  1410,  and  there  are  dozens  of  similar 
instances  that  have  fallen  under  my  own  observation  from 
time  to  time. 


DE  VONSHIRE     W1I.  /,.S . 


3'3 


All  the  gentry  of  the  several  counties  were  duly  summoned 
to  these  courts  by  a  circular  letter  from  the  Earl  Marshal, 
addressed  to  the  Lords  Lieutenants  after  1549,  and  were 
required  to  "  register  their  arms,  pedigrees,  marriages,  and 
issue,"  and  the  Kings  of  Arms  and  Heralds  who  presided 
were  required  "  to  reprove,  confronte,  and  make  infamous 
by  proclamation  all  such  as  unlawfully  and  without  just 
authority  doe  usurp  or  take  upon  them  any  n  nne  or 
title  of  honour  or  dignity  as  esquire  or  gentleman."  There 
was,  moreover,  a  special  summons  from  the  Heraldic  Com- 
missioners themselves  directed  to  the  bailiff  of  each  hundred, 
commanding  them  "  on  sight  thereof  to  require  all  knights, 
esquires,  and  gentlemen  to  appear  before  them  personally,  and 
to  bring  with  them  such  arms  and  crests  as  they  use  or 
bear  with  their  pedigree  and  descent,  and  such  other  evidence 
as  will  justify  the  same." 

Doubtless,  many  families  of  incontestably  social  status  re- 
garded the  whole  system  not  only  as  a  very  great  nuisance, 
but  as  a  method  of  involving  them  in  unnecessary  expense, 
and  therefore,  as  long  as  their  general  descent  was  sufficiently 
clear  to  satisfy  the  heralds,  they  did  not  trouble  themselves 
much  about  detail,  and  hence  both  the  omissions  and  ana- 
chronisms to  which  I  have  referred  ;  at  all  events  the  officers 
of  arms,  who  presided  at  these  courts,  do  not  appear  to  have 
taken  the  trouble  to  enforce  absolute  accuracy,  and  may  well 
be  considered,  save  in  their  refusals  of  palpably  flagrant  mis- 
stateinents,  to  have  looked  chiefly  to  their  fees. 

Anyone  who  neglected  to  appear  in  response  to  an  heraldic 
summons  was  liable  to  prosecution  in  the  Earl  Marshal's 
court,  and  to  fine  or  imprisonment  for  contempt  of  its  orders 
or  decisions.  Thus,  down  to  the  end  of  the  reign  of 
Charles  II.,  the  precise  position  of  everyone  was  thoroughly 
understood,  and  anyone  who  merely  presumed  upon  a  few 
generations  of  affluence  to  assert  "gentility"  at  a  visitation 
court  was  not  only  registered  as  "  ignoble,"  but  had  to  pay 
the  customary  court  fees  for  such  a  very  unsatisfactory 
result,  as  is  sufficiently  evident  by  the  lists  of  such  "dis- 
claimers," as  they  are  called,  which  are  found  annexed  to 
the  "  visitation "  records.  The  "  Feudal  Services "  were 


314  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

finally  abolished  by  Act  of  Parliament  of  I2th  Charles 
II.,  and  English  society  has  constantly  become  more  and 
more  "  mixed "  ever  since  the  accession  of  William  of 
Orange. 

With  respect  to  Devonshire,  which  is  only  exceeded  in  area 
by  York  and  Lincoln,  there  are  one  or  two  families  still  resident 
upon  their  ancient  properties  for  whom  Saxon  origin  has  been 
claimed,  notably  Kelly  of  Kelly  (See  post}  and  Coffin  of 
Portledge ;  but  the  latter,  although,  as  in  numerous  similar 
instances,  their  name  has  been  preserved  by  royal  license,  has 
been  long  extinct,  in  elder  male  line  at  all  events.  The 
Chafes,  formerly  of  Chafecombe  and  Exeter,  undoubtedly  held 
their  lands  from  Saxon  times,  but  were  nevertheless  of 
Norman  origin ;  but  their  descent  will  be  found  on  a  sub- 
sequent page.  The  condition  of  the  county  towards  the  end 
of  the  eleventh  century  will  be  better  understood  by  reference 
to  my  "  Analysis  of  the  Exeter  Domesday,'"'  which  I  prepared 
originally  for  the  1878  edition  of  "White's  Devonshire,"  and 
which  has  been  subsequently  included  in  fresh  issues  of  that 
work.  From  this  it  will  be  seen  thai  the  Conqueror,  who  first 
arrived  in  Devonshire  in  the  spring  of  1068  and  reduced  the 
city  of  Exeter,  then  partitioned  the  land  amongst  his  Norman 
followers,  save  in  a  very  few  instances,  of  which  the  manor 
of  Kelly  was,  to  a  certain  extent  merely,  an  example.  It 
was  actually  given  to  the  King's  half-brother,  the  Earl  of 
Mortain,  but  it  was  held  under  the  latter  by  a  Saxon  called 
Erchenbold. 

Amongst  the  present  landowners  of  the  county,  the  name 
of  Bastard  only  is  identical  with  that  of  one  of  the  Conqueror's 
grantees,  "  Robert  le  Bastard,"  but  there  is  no  actual  evidence 
in  existence  that  the  owner  of  Kitley  and  Buckland  Court 
is  in  reality  his  descendant.  For  a  few  generations  Robert's 
posterity  resided  at  Efford,  one  of  the  nine  manors  assigned 
to  him  by  the  Domesday  record ;  but  there  is  an  hiatus 
of  about  a  century  and  a  half  between  the  last  Bastard  of 
EfFord  and  the  "  Thomas  Bastard  "  who  was  registered  as 
the  ancestor  of  the  family  at  the  visitation  of  1620.  In  the 
earlier  visitations  of  the  county  the  Bastards  claimed  but 
three  descents  from  the  grandson  of  this  Thomas,  and  it  is 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  315 

probable  that  the  two  generations  in  the  later   pedigree  were 
a  mere  addition  to  the  original  visitation  of  1564. 

The  Fulfords,  still  of  Great  Fulford,  are,  with  the  utmost 
probability,  the  descendants  of  the  Norman  sub-tenant  of 
Folefort  under  Baldwin,  Baron  of  Okehampton,  and  it  is 
possible  that  the  said  "  sub-tenant "  was  a  brother  of 
"  Richard,"  who  similarly  held  Belston  under  the  same 
Baldwin,  and  that  both  were  the  natural  offspring  of  the 
latter  powerful  noble.  William  Fulford  was  certainly  of 
Fulford  in  the  reign  of  King  Stephen.  His  grandson  married 
the  great  granddaughter  of  Richard  of  Belston,  and  the  name 
of  "  Baldwin "  has  been  constantly  preserved  in  successive 
generations  of  this  ancient  family.  (See  post.} 

The  Fortescues  and  the  Courtenays  have  been  settled  in 
Devonshire  since  the  twelfth  century,  and  a  long  chapter  upon 
the  Courtenay  lineage  and  descent  will  be  found  in  my 
"  Suburbs  of  Exeter."  By  marriage  they  represent  the  lords 
of  the  two  Norman  baronies  of  Okehampton  and  Plympton, 
and,  by  maternal  descent  from  the  latter,  still  hold  the  Earl- 
dom of  Devon. 

Amongst  those  families  which  date  their  residence  in  the 
county  from  the  thirteenth  century,  the  names  of  Chichester, 
Carew,  Gary,  Fursdon,  and  Acland  may  be  included,  whilst  the 
Cliffords,  Calmadys,  Woolcombes,  and  several  others  were  not 
known  in  Devonshire  before  the  sixteenth.  Such  names  as 
Ashford,  Arscot,  Bury,  Ball,  Bidlake,  Bruton,  Cockram,  Cooke, 
Giles,  Haydon,  Hele,  Hunt,  Herniman,  Horton,  Hulse,  Mel- 
huish,  and,  I  may  safely  say,  hundreds  of  others  have  long 
ceased  to  figure  in  modern  works  of  "  County "  reference,  but 
are  by  no  means  extinct  nevertheless. 

Amongst  the  "  County  Families  of  the  United  Kingdom," 
in  a  well-known  and  popular  work,  some  four  hundred  names 
are  set  down  in  the  portion  assigned  to  Devon.  For  the 
term  "county  families,"  some  other  description  might  at  the 
present  day  be  more  consistently  substituted,  or  it  should  be 
properly  extended  to  include  all  of  ordinary  position  who 
may  happen  to  reside  in  Devonshire.  As  it  is,  the  list  is 
necessarily  full  of  invidious  distinctions,  although  doubtless 
the  whole  of  the  families  so  described  not  only  claim  to 


316  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

be  "  county  people,"  but  are  frequently  disposed  to  assert 
superiority  over  such  of  their  neighbours  as  may  have  escaped 
notice  in  the  volume  I  refer  to,  but  whose  ancestors,  never- 
theless, were  in  many  cases  the  landlords,  and  not  unfrequently 
the  absolute  masters,  of  many  of  the  pseudo  "county  families" 
of  to-day.  Out  of  the  whole  four  hundred  in  the  list  re- 
ferred to,  the  number  that  can  truly  claim  the  respectable 
antiquity  of,  let  us  say,  three  centuries,  inclusive  of  those  true 
"  fathers  of  Devon  "  I  have  incidentally  mentioned  above,  is 
considerably  under  forty  ;  and  it  is  an  unhappy  fact  that  of  the 
two  hundred  and  odd  families  and  their  several  branches  who 
were  of  county  rank  in  Devon  three  centuries  ago,  less  than 
two  dozen  names  are  to  be  found  amongst  the  present  county 
magistrates.  The  mnjority  of  the  ancient  houses  and  manors 
have  fallen,  and  are  still  constantly  falling,  into  stranger 
hands.  The  descendants  of  their  old  owners  are  fighting  the 
battle  of  life  in  the  cities  and  in  the  colonies  of  this  great 
empire,  but  are  by  no  means  either  regardless  or  ignorant  of 
their  origin,  and  are  ever  increasingly  careful  to  preserve  it. 

With  these  preliminary  remarks  upon  the  present  social 
condition  of  the  most  popular  of  our  English  counties,  for 
there  are  few  that  are  not  proud  to  claim  connection  with 
the  land  that  produced  "  Drake,  Hawkins,  Frobisher,  and 
Raleigh,"  with  the  land  that,  as  an  old  writer  says,  "  is 
inferior  to  few  for  worth,  and  only  second  (now  third)  for 
largeness  to  any  in  this  island — extending  from  sea  to  sea,  with 
Somersetshire  and  Dorsetshire  for  her  friendly  neighbours,"  I 
will  proceed  to  offer  my  readers  some  particulars  of  a  few  of 
the  most  ancient  houses  of  the  west. 


THE    CHAFYS    OF    EXETER,    CHAFECOMBE,    AND 
ST.     GILES     IN     THE    HEATH. 

The  Chafys  derive  their  name  from  their  ancient  heritage, 
"  Chafecombe,"  now  Chaffcombe,  near  Chard,  which  is  the 
"  ceaf  cumbe  "  (in  English,  the  light  or  breezy  valley)  of  the 
Saxon  period,  and  which  was  held  by  their  ancestor,  Hugo  the 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  317 

Thegn,  or  Thane,  in  the  days  of  Ethelred  "  the  Unready," 
and  by  his  son,  Raynald  Fitz-Hugh,  in  those  of  Edward  ''the 
Confessor.'' 

But  although  the  Chafys  can  thus  trace  back  with  unerring 
certainty  to  a  period  long  anterior  to  the  Conquest,  and  so 
justify  the  assertion  inscribed  on  the  ancient  tomb  of  one  of 
them  in  Devonshire,  as  to  his  own  identity  with  the  "  per- 
antiqua "  race  of  the  Chafes  of  Chafecombe  (see  Post,  p.  326), 
yet  they  are  nor,  paternally  at  least,  of  Saxon  origin, 
which  at  once  accounts  for  their  continued  possession  of 
Chafecombe  under  Norman  rule,  for  though  their  representative 
then  nominally  became  sub-tenant  under  the  Bishop  of  Cou- 
tance,  he  practically  remained  the  owner  of  the  land  of  his 
ancestors  under  the  newly-devised  feudal  system.  This  was 
"  Ralph  Fitz-Reginald,"  the  grandson  of  Hugo  or  Hugh, 
whose  own  names  and  those  of  his  immediate  posterity  and 
their  adoption  of  the  Norman  "Fitz"  as  expressive  of  their 
parentage,  sufficiently  prove  that  the  long  prevalent  idea  as 
to  the  "Saxon  origin  of  the  Chafecombe  family"  is  as  erroneous 
as  the  position  of  its  earliest  ascertained  members  in  Saxon 
England  is  unique  and  interesting. 

"  Hugo,"  who  is  said  by  many  of  his  English  detractors  to 
have  been  of  "  mean  origin,  and  the  son  of  a  French  churl," 
was  the  confidential  adviser  of  Emma  of  Normandy,  second 
wife  of  King  Ethelred,  and  came  to  England  in  her  train  in 
the  year  1002.  It  is  a  well-known  historical  fact  that  the 
constant  incursions  of  the  Danes,  which  marked  that  period, 
were  secretly  encouraged  by  the  Queen,  who  detested  the 
English  and  despised  her  husband,  whom  she  had  married 
purely  from  political  motives.  That  her  Norman  follower 
was  faithful  to  her,  to  her  second  husband,  King  Knut  the 
Dane,  and  to  her  children,  is  shown  by  his  retention  of  his 
property  at  Chafecombe  under  Saxons,  Danes,  and  Normans, 
and  although  King  Edward  the  Confessor  had  suffered  for 
some  quarter  of  a  century  by  the  interpolation  of  the  Danish 
dynasty,  he  evidently  recognised  the  fidelity  Hugo  had 
evinced  towards  his  royal  mother. 

With  the  title  of  Ealdorman,  or  Earl,  Hugo  was  sent  into 
the  West  very  soon  after  the  arrival  of  Queen  Emma.  He 


318  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

had  secret  instructions,  which  he  seems  to  have  followed 
implicitly,  and  which  resulted  in  the  siege  of  Exeter  by 
Sweyn,  to  whom  the  garrison,  under  the  command  of  Earl 
Hugo,  capitulated  iQth  August,  1003.  The  fortifications  were 
demolished,  the  people  were  put  to  the  sword,  and  the 
memory  of  the  "  Norman  governor,"  who  left  with  the 
besiegers,  was  long  held  in  execration.  Exeter  was  betrayed, 
says  Hovenden,  who  wrote  in  the  reign  of  Henry  II.,  through 
" perjurium,  et  proditionem,  Normanici  comitis,  Quern  Emma 
Domnani(E  pr&ficerat." 

The  term  "  Ealdorman "  was  subsequently  supplanted  by 
"Thegn,"  and  we  next  hear  of  Hugo  as  "Thegn  of  Chaff  combe" 
during  the  reign  of  Ethelred,  which  continued  until  April, 
A.D.  1016.  His  son,  Reginald  "Fitz-Hugo"  is  shown  by  the 
Domesday  record  to  have  been  joint-owner  of  the  "  vill  of 
Chaffecumbe  on  the  day  King  Edward  was  alive  and  dead,"  that 
is  to  say  on  5th  January,  1065-66.  He  had  also  a  separate  manor 
in  that  parish,  and  other  lands,  quite  independently  of  his  joint 
holding.  At  the  Norman  conquest  King  William  gave  the 
whole  of  the  Chafecombe  property  to  his  Chief  Justiciary  and 
powerful  favourite,  Jeffery,  Bishop  of  Coutance,  in  Normandy, 
who,  however,  permitted  "Ralph  Fitz-Reginald"  to  succeed 
his  father  in  the  "whole  township"  as  "sub-tenant."  The 
latter's  son,  Robert  Fitz-Ralph,  succeeded  to  the  lands  held 
by  his  ancestor,  Reginald  Fitz-Hugh,  and  is  described  as 
"  Lord  of  Chaffecumbe,"  and  as  holding  lands  of  the  King- 
in-Chief  to  the  value  of  one  knight's  fee,  in  the  reign  of 
Henry  I. 

From  the  "  Black  Book  of  the  Exchequer,"  we  learn  that 
his  son  and  successor,  "  Ranulph  Fitz-Robert,"  owned  the 
manor  lands  together  with  the  town  of  Chafecombe  and  the 
perpetual  advowson  and  right  of  presentation  to  the  parish 
church  in  the  following  reign,  and  that  the  Lord  of  Chafe- 
combe in  the  time  of  Henry  II.  was  Robert  Fitz-Ranulph, 
who  had  a  younger  brother  known  as  "  Ranulph  Fitz- 
Ranulph." 

Robert,  Lord  of  Chafecombe,  had  an  only  child,  Agnes, 
who  was  "  Lady  of  Chaffecumbe "  in  her  own  right.  By 
her  first  husband,  who  bore  the  well-known  Devonshire  name 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  319 

of  Avenel,  she  had  two  daughters,  co-heirs,  Emma  and 
Margery.  She  married  secondly  one  of  the  Justices  in  Eyre, 
John  de  Aure,  and  had  by  him  a  third  daughter,  Margaret, 
and  a  son,  John  de  Aure,  who  died  in  his  mother's  life- 
time and  without  issue. 

The  line  of  Emma  of  Chafecombe,  the  eldest  co-heir, 
terminated  with  Idonea  de  Insula,  her  great-granddaughter, 
in  the  reign  of  Edward  I.  Margery  had  issue  only  by  her 
second  husband,  Philip  de  Cantilupe,  a  family  now  maternally 
represented  by  Lord  de  la  Warr,  and  well  known  in  this 
county  in  connection  with  Broadhempston.  Her  son  and 
heir,  Balderic  de  Cantilupe,  is  mentioned  in  legal  proceedings 
connected  with  the  advowson  of  Chafecombe  in  1275,  being 
then  in  his  minority.  Margaret  de  Aure,  the  third  co-heir, 
had  two  sons,  John  and  Odo.  They  are  also  mentioned  in 
law  proceedings  as  late  as  the  years  1294  and  1295. 

Between  these  co-heirs  and  their  representatives  the  lord- 
ship of  Chafecombe  seems  to  have  become  divided,  although 
there  was  a  certain  amount  of  interpleading  on  the  part  of 
"  Robert  Fitz-Ranulph."  The  latter  is  the  ancestor  of  the 
present  race  of  Chafy  and  Chaffe ;  he  was  the  son  and  heir 
of  "  Ranulph  Fitz-Ranulph,"  already  mentioned  as  younger 
brother  of  the  Lord  of  Chafecombe  and  uncle  of  Agnes, 
the  inheritrix  of  the  property.  His  father  had  received,  for 
his  younger  son's  portion,  "  one  carrucate  of  land  in  Chaffe- 
cutnbe,"  as  shown  by  existing  documents.  The  son  of 
Robert  Fitz-Ranulph  is  especially  noteworthy  as  being  the 
first  of  the  family  who  assumed  a  regular  surname,  which 
was,  of  course,  derived  from  his  property.  As  "  Thomas 
Chafe"  of  Chafecombe,  he  was  seized  of  land  "of  the 
inheritance  of  Robert,  his  father."  He  married  Matilda, 
daughter  of  Andrew  de  Bosco  (Anglice,  Boys)  of  Knolle, 
Co.  Somerset,  and  died  in  1281.  His  widow  recovered  the 
custody  of  his  son  and  heir,  Thomas  Chafe,  against  a  certain 
cleric  known  as  William  de  St.  Esprit,  in  1284. 

This  Thomas  Chafe  of  Chafecombe  married  Christina, 
daughter  and  heir  of  Robert  de  Mandevill,  youngest  son  of 
Geoffry  de  Magna  Villa  (Steward  of  Normandy  in  right  of 
his  mother,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Eudo  Dapifer),  by  his 


320  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

wife  Rohesia,  daughter  of  the  Chief  Justice  of  England 
Alberic  de  Vere.  Geoffry  de  Magna  Villa  was  the  first 
Earl  of  Essex  so  created  by  King  Stephen  and  confirmed 
by  the  Empress  Maud.  He  was  afterwards  in  rebellion 
against  the  King  and  plundered  the  abbeys  of  St.  Albans 
and  Ramsey ;  ultimately,  during  a  raid  on  a  Kentish  castle, 
he  was  shot  through  the  head  with  an  arrow,  having 
discarded  his  helmet  in  consequence  of  the  heat  of  the  sun. 
His  granddaughter,  Christina  Chafe,  seems  to  have  been 
dowered  with  lands  in  Somerset  since  known  as  Kingston 
Mandevill,  and  which  were  sold  by  her  husband  in  or  about 
the  year  1310.  She  had  two  sons,  the  youngest  being 
called  Andrew. 

The  eldest  brother  of  the  last  named  left  three  daughters 
co-heirs,  who  divided  the  lands  their  father  had  held  in 
Chafecombe  about  the  middle  of  the  fourteenth  century. 
Their  uncle,  Andrew  Chafe,  who  was  seized  of  lands  in 
Chafecumbe,  seems  to  have  died  at  Bridgewater  subsequently 
to  !375>  ar>d  his  son,  Thomas  Chafe,  is  the  last  of  the 
family  who  is  described  as  of  Chafecombe.  He  was  living 
at  Bridgewater  in  1405,  and  his  son,  John  Chafe,  who  suc- 
ceeded him  there,  had  also  land  in  Devonshire,  on  which  he 
is  shown  to  have  paid  subsidy.  He  was  alive  at  Bridgewater 
in  1413.  His  son,  John  "  Chafie,"  who  fought  at  the  battle 
of  Agincourt,  left  the  property  at  Bridgewater  to  his  son, 
also  called  John,  who  seems  to  have  resided  at  Ilminster, 
and  was  the  father  of  Richard  "Chafy"  of  Sherborne,  Dorset, 
who  was  also  seized  of  the  Somersetshire  property  in  1522, 
in  which  year  he  died. 

This  Richard  "  Chafy "  had  three  sons,  viz.,  John  "  Chafy  " 
of  Sherborne  and  of  Holwell,  Co.  Somerset  —  the  direct 
ancestor  of  the  Rev.  Dr.  Chafy,  now  of  Rous  Lench  Court, 
Co.  Worcester;  Richard  "Chaffie"  of  Holwell,  whose  male 
line  is  extinct ;  and  William  "  Chaffe "  of  Wellington,  who 
also  inherited  property  at  Sherborne,  and  was  the  ancestor  of 
the  Devonshire  branch  of  this  ancient  family.  He  had  two 
sons,  Robert  and  Nicholas.  The  latter's  two  younger  sons, 
Peter  and  William  Chaffe,  acquired  lands  at  Buckfastleigh, 
in  this  county,  and  were  seized  of  them  in  the  year  1660, 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  321 

and  their  name  and  race  still  flourish  in  that  and  neigh- 
bouring parishes. 

The  uncle  of  the  said  Peter  and  William,  Robert  Chaffe, 
resided  in  the  parish  of  St  Petrock,  Exeter,  of  which  city  he 
was  mayor  in  1568,  I575>  anc^  I57&i  and  he  was  also  governor 
of  the  "Guild  of  Merchant  Adventurers" — an  important  federa- 
tion which  was  incorporated  by  Queen  Elizabeth.  His  will,  in 
which  he  mentions  his  birthplace  at  Wellington,  was  proved 
1 3th  August,  1580.  He  had  been  buried  in  the  nave  of  Exeter 
Cathedral  on  26th  July.  By  his  wife,  Elizabeth  Biggleston, 
he  had  five  sons  and  two  daughters.  Of  these  Robert  and 
George  were  both  of  Exeter,  and  were  living  there  in  1605 
and  1611  ;  Richard,  another  son,  was  seized  of  land  also  in 
Exeter  at  his  death,  I2th  May,  1596;  and  Thomas,  the 
second  son,  resided  in  the  Parish  of  St.  Olave,  in  the  same 
city.  He  married  Dorothy,  second  daughter  of  John  Shorte, 
of  the  parish  of  St.  Petrock.  His  will  was  dated  24th 
May,  1604,  and  at  his  death  he  owned  the  parsonage  of 
Constantine  and  the  tithes  of  St.  Winnow,  both  in  Cornwall. 
His  eldest  son,  William,  died  without  issue  in  1604.  John, 
the  second  son,  married  Anne  Mayho  (and  was  father  of 
Thomas  "Chafe"  of  Sherborne;  admitted  of  the  Middle 
Temple,  June  25th,  1631,  to  whom  I  shall  have  again  to 
refer).  Thomas,  the  third  son,  was  of  Doddescot,  in  the  parish 
of  St.  Giles  on  the  Heath.  Besides  these  sons  there  were  four 
daughters — Pascha,  of  whom  presently  ;  Elizabeth,  who  married 
John  Mules;  Dorothy,  wife  of  Robert  Biggleston;  and  Richarda 
(marriage  license  dated  February  ist,  1611,  "to  be  married  at 
Penhoe,")  whose  husband,  Humphrey  Curzon,  then  of  London, 
merchant,  afterwards  resided  in  South  Street,  Exeter,  in  a 
house  recently  removed,  and  which  was  situated  on  the  right 
hand  side  of  the  entrance  to  College  Hall,  and  in  which 
was  a  shield  of  the  arms  of  Curzon  :  Arg.  on  a  bend  between 
3  wyverns'  heads  sa.  3  martlets?  Imp.  Chafe,  az.  5  fusils  in 
fesse  arg. 

Between  Thomas  Chafe  and  his  third  sister,  Pascha,  there 
appears  to  have  been  a  very  strong  affection ;  and  it  was,  perhaps, 
on  this  account  that  he  took  up  his  residence  at  Doddescote,  a 
property  with  which  he  had  no  apparent  family  connection. 


322  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Pascha  Chafe  was  the  wife  of  Tristram  Risdon  of  Winscot,  the 
celebrated  local  antiquary,  who,  at  the  time  of  his  marriage, 
1608,  had  left  Oxford,  and  had  been  at  work  upon  his 
"Devonshire  History"  for  three  years.  Redoes  not  appear  at 
this  time  to  have  been  particularly  steady,  or  at  all  events 
during  the  few  subsequent  years,  and  did  not  succeed  in 
acquiring  the  esteem  of  his  mother-in-law,  old  Mrs.  Chafe. 

That  lady  made  her  will  23rd  March,  1611,  and  was  buried 
with  her  husband  in  St.  Olave  Church,  3rd  October,  1612. 

She  describes  herself  as  Dorothie  "  Chafe,"  widdowe,  and  leaves 
£5  to  the  poor  of  Exeter,  and  53.  to  the  prisoners  in  the  gaol  of 
the  Castle.  She  states  that  her  late  husband,  Thomas  Chafe,  by 
his  will  gave  all  his  silver  plate  amongst  his  children,  to  be 
allotted  and  divided  between  them  at  her  discretion  ;  and  this 
plate,  which  must  have  been  particularly  handsome  and  valuable, 
she  proceeds  to  apportion  as  follows  : — 

She  gives  to  her  daughter,  Elizabeth  Mules,  a  tankard  of  silver 
double  gilt,  with  cover  belonging  to  the  same,  and  a  double  gilt 
silver  goblet.  To  her  daughter,  Dorothy  Bigleston,  a  tankard  of 
silver  with  its  cover  "  pcell  guilted,"  a  goblet  of  silver  double  gilt, 
and  six  silver  spoons. 

The  next  bequest  to  her  daughter,  Pascoe  Risdon,  must  have 
afterwards  formed  a  portion  of  the  family  plate  at  Winscot,  and 
is  therefore  specially  interesting.  She  gives  her  a  white  silver 
tankard  with  its  cover,  a  "  goblet  of  silver  pcell  guilted,  a  little 
trencher  salt  of  silver  double  guilted,  and  half  a  dozen  of  silver 
spoons,  with  apostles'  heads." 

To  her  daughter,  Richarda  "  Cursane,"  who,  as  I  have  previously 
mentioned,  seems  to  have  resided  in  South  Street,  Exeter,  she 
gives  her  second-best  silver  salt,  double  guilted,  with  its  cover, 
an  ale  cup  of  silver,  double  guilt,  a  "  little  silver  bowle,"  and 
half  a  dozen  apostle  spoons.  To  her  son  Thomas  "Chafe"  "a 
beere  bowle  of  silver,  a  little  ale  cup  of  silver,  and  a  little  goblet 
of  silver." 

To  her  son  John  Chafe,  she  says,  "  I  give  during  his  natural 
life  the  use  and  occupation  of  my  best  salte  of  silver,  double 
guilted,  with  the  cover,  a  sack  cup  of  silver,  double  guilt,  and  one 
white  bowle  of  silver,"  with  remainder  to  the  son  and  heir  of  the 
said  John,  and  in  default  to  his  eldest  daughter. 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  323 

Her  son  Thomas  appears  to  have  been  the  intimate  friend  of 
Tristram  Risdon,  and  to  have  occasioned  her  no  small  amount 
of  anxiety.  He  must  have  been  much  younger  than  Risdon, 
as  the  inscription  on  his  tomb  shows  that  he  was  born  in  1585. 
He  appears  to  have  been  educated  for  the  law,  and  is  des- 
cribed in  the  pedigree  as  a  barrister ;  he  took  his  degree  at 
Exeter  College,  Oxford,  but  seems  to  have  been  both  careless 
and  extravagant,  judging  from  the  next  paragraph  in  his 
mother's  will. 

After  leaving  him,  in  addition  to  the  plate  mentioned  above, 
his  father's  gold  signet  ring  and  all  his  father's  books,  she 
adds  :  "  Alsoe  whereas  the  said  Thomas  my  Sonne  heretofore 
to  my  great  greife  and  dislikinge,  in  Rystoris  manner,  hath 
most  vainely  wasted  and  consumed  a  farr  greater  porcion  of 
my  goods  than  my  abilitie  was  or  now  is  able  to  afforde 
him  for  his  mayntenance,  but  now  hath  faithfully  promised 
unto  me  reformacon  and  amendment  of  the  same,  therefore 
my  will  mynde  and  intent  is,  that  if  my  said  sonne  doe  nowe 
give  over  those  his  ill  courses  and  practises  wch  he  hath 
need  with  all  other  such  lyke  misdemeanors,  and  doth  hence- 
forth apply  himself  to  learninge  as  he  ought  to  doe,  so  as  by 
reason  thereof  at  the  tyme  of  my  death,  by  the  opinion  and 
judgment  of  my  overseers  hereafter  named  he  shall  be  by 
them  adjudged  and  thought  worthie,  uppon  his  amendment, 
and  not  otherwise,  then  I  bequeath  him  £100  to  be  paid  three 
months  after  my  death."  To  this  will  her  elder  son,  John, 
is  executor,  and  administration  was  granted  P.C.C,  3rd  October, 
1612. 

The  overseers  were  Philip  Biglestone,  her  uncle,  and  Robert 
Chafe,  her  brother  in-law. 

Whether  Thomas  Chafe  reformed  sufficiently  to  entitle  him  to 
the  .£100  I  cannot  say.  He  lived  for  many  years  subsequently 
at  peace  with  his  relatives,  as  shown  by  his  own  curious  will, 
which  bears  date  September  24th,  1648,  and  was  proved  P.C.C. , 
1 8th  February,  164!- 

He  desires  to  be  buried  in  decent  and  silent  manner  "  some 
few  hours  before  the  candle  doth  inheritt  the  Suns  office."  He 
gives  to  the  poor  of  St.  Giles  2os.,  and  to  his  wife  a  mourning 
gown,  and  "  his  bedsted  with  the  greenc  curtains  while  she  lives." 


324  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

To  his  niece,  Mrs.  Catherine  Brookin,  £20,  and  to  her  husband, 
Thomas  Brookin,  ,£5.  He  adds,  "  I  would  heartily  acknow- 
ledge another  niece,  but  her  impious  deserts  deserve  nothing 
for  present  but  teares  and  prayers  that  she  may  prove  second 
Mary." 

He  mentions  his  "  dearly  beloved "  sisters,  Mrs.  Dorothy 
Biglestone  and  Mrs.  Richard  Curson.  His  nephews,  Philip, 
John,  and  Thomas  Biglestone,  his  cousin  Peter,  and  his 
"  gratious  "  cousin  James  Biglestone. 

He  also  refers  to  his  niece,  Mrs.  Dorothy  Biglestone,  and  to 
his  nephews,  Thomas,  John,  and  George  Curzon.  He  gives  his 
niece,  Mrs.  Mary  Serrell,  £6  for  a  "  momento,"  to  his  "  virtuous  " 
niece  Mrs.  Margaret  Yeo  2Os.,  and  to  her  good  husband  ios.,  and 
desires  "  their  noble  goodness  to  accept  of  my  myte."  There  are 
bequests  to  his  loving  niece,  Mrs.  Joane  Serrell,  to  his  nephew, 
William  Ryledon,  and  to  his  friends,  Arthur  Rolle  and  Thomas 
Baylis,  "  a  little  piece  of  plate  with  my  arms  thereon,"  for  the 
purchase  of  which  money  is  devised  to  his  executor.  He  leaves 
his  nephew's  wife,  Catherine,  £1  2s.  for  a  ring  with  a  death's 
head  thereon,  and  he  gives  £40  to,  and  settles  his  plate  upon, 
"  my  hopeful  1  Godson  and  young  nephew  Thomas  Chafe."  He 
further  requires  his  Exor.  to  inter  his  body  "  as  neere  as  he  can 
by  my  Sister  Risedon,  and  I  doe  ordain  appointe  and  require 
^30  rather  more  than  lesse  to  be  bestowed  in  a  monument  of 
my  Effigies  by  my  Executor,  of  whose  love  herein  I  am  not 
diffident,  who  have  reaped  so  many  gratuities  formerly  from 
mee,  and  now  in  present  burthening  his  conscience  for  effecting 
it  as  he  shall  answer  Coram  Deo.  I  desire  him  to  inscript  in 
my  monument  some  memory  of  his  good  Aunt  Rysedon,  and 
of  the  family  deceased  there  interred,  also  of  my  wife  and 
her  two  children,  no  great  onus  to  an  ingenious,  generous, 
and  gratefull  minde." 

The  executor  and  residuary  legatee  is  his  nephew,  Thomas 
Chafe,  Esq.,  councillor-at-lavv ;  and  the  will  concludes  with  the 
following  quaint  words  : 

"  This  my  last  will  and  Testament  written  with  mine  own 
hande  and  soe  well  known  that  I  do  not  greatly  repute  the 
subscription  of  Witnesses  to  strengthen  it.  And  this  my  last 
will  and  Testament  to  corroborate  and  to  make  it  legall  I 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  325 

doe  impresse  my  scale  and    subscribe    my  name  the  day  and 
yeare  above  written. 

"Vale  T.   Chafe,  Scripsi." 

"Item  vale  T.  C.  Laws  deo  pax  Hominibus.  T.  Ciiafe  de 
Docldescott." 

In  accordance  with  his  uncle's  injunctions,  Thomas  Chafe 
erected  in  the  chancel  of  St.  Giles,  and  within  the  altar-rails, 
a  high  tomb  to  the  memory  of  deceased,  with  his  effigy 
thereon.  The  figure,  with  moustache  and  peaked  beard,  is 
lying  upon  the  right  side,  the  face  supported  by  the  hand,  the 
elbow  resting  upon  a  cushion.  The  costume  consists  of  a  coif 
or  skull-cap  which  entirely  conceals  the  hair,  a  short  cloak 
with  tight  sleeves,  and  which  being  open  in  front  shows  that 
the  body  is  protected  by  a  cuirass,  frequent ly  worn  in  those 
troublous  times,  fastened  down  the  front  with  studs ;  breeches 
and  long  stockings  gartered  below  the  knee  with  roses  or 
knots,  and  on  the  feet  are  low  shoes  similarly  decorated. 
There  were  also  two  female  .figures,  who  probably  represented 
the  two  children  referred  to  in  the  will.  Over  the  figure  are 
three  coats  of  arms.  In  the  centre  the  ancient,  but  question- 
able, arms  of  Chafe,  already  blazoned,  with  mantling  and 
crest :  A  demi  lion  ramp,  or,  holding  between  its  paws  a 
fusil,  az. 

On  the  dexter  side  ;  Chafe  impaling  Burgoyne :  Az.  a  talbot 
pass.  arg.  in  chief  a  mullet. 

And  on  the  sinister  side  Risdon  :  Arg.  3  bird  bolts  sa., 
impaling  Chafe. 

During  the  "  restoration  "  of  St.  Giles'  Church,  to  which  I 
have  already  alluded,  this  monument  was  taken  down  and 
removed  from  its  original  position  to  another  part  of  the 
building.  The  two  female  figures  then  disappeared  ;  and  I 
understand  that  "they  fell  to  pieces,  and  could  not  be  put 
together  again." 


326  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

The    inscription    upon    the    front    of    the    monument    is    as 
follows  : 

IN 

PlAM 

THOM^:  CHAFE 
GENEROSI  MEMORIAM 

EX    PER    ANTIQUA    CHAFORUM    DE    CHAFE    COMBE    FAMILIA    IN     COMITATU 

SOMERSET 

ORIUNDI  EQ  :  COLLEGIO  EXON.  IN  ACADEMIA  OXON.  ARTIUM  MAGISTER  VIRI 
PROBITATE  VIRTUTE  AC  INGENIO  INSIGNIS  QUI  IN  APOSTOLICA  FIDE 
CONSTANTER  VERSATUS  IN  BEATA  JUSTORUM  RESURRECTIONIS  SPE 
ANIMAM  EXSPIRAVIT  XXVTO  DIE  NOVEMR  ANNO  SALUTIS  1648 
AETATIS  QUE  SU^E  CLIMACERIO  MAGNO 

EXUVlAS  SVAS  EXUlT  MEDICVS.      UXOREM  RELIQUIT  MARGERIAM 
FILIAM  PHILIPPI  BURGOYNE  E  CLARISSIMA  BURGOYNORUM 
PROSAPIA    ORTI    MATRONAM    RELIGIOSISSIMAM    BONORUM    Q    OPERUM 

PLENISSIMAM 

QUj£  ET  OBDORMIVIT  IN  DOMINO  -  DIE  -  ANNO 
A  CHR°.  NATO  16  —  AETATIS  VERO 


ABSTUIIT  A  NOBIS  MISERE  QUEM  FLEMUS  ADEMPTUM 

ABSTULIT  E  vivis  MORTIS  INIQUA  MANUS 

NEC  CECIDIT  SOLUS  NAM  Q  ET  PRUDENTIA  VIRTUS 

CANDOR  AMOR  PIETS  INTERIERE  SIMUL 

TESTE  VEL  INVIDIA  VITA  LETHO  QUE  BEATUS 

Vivus  ERAT  DOMINI  MORTUUS  IN  DOMINO. 

The  spaces  left  blank  for  Margery  Chafe's  death  have 
never  been  filled  in.  She  was  buried  with  her  husband 
30th  March,  1655. 

Thomas  Chafe  must  have  passed  his  sixty-second  birthday, 
since  he  died  in  the  year  of  his  "grand  climacteric"  (which 
was  7  x  9),  and  therefore  in  his  sixty-third  year.  The  in- 
scription actually  gives  the  age  as  47,  which  is  obviously  owing 
to  a  mistake  of  the  stone-cutter,  who  failed  to  enlarge  the 
letters  "u"  in  "medicus"  and  "x"  in  "uxorem,"  had  this  been 
done,  the  age  would  have  appeared  correctly  —  62.  I  have 
made  the  necessary  alterations  above,  in  view  of  the  fact  that 
the  inscription  has  become  very  faint,  and  unless  the  words 
are  recut,  they  will  speedily  become  almost  entirely  obliterated. 
Chafe's  sister,  Pascha,  had  pre-deceased  him,  although  she 
survived  her  husband,  Tristram  Risdon,  for  about  six  years. 
Her  will  was  proved  in  the  Prerogative  Court  of  Canterbury, 
loth  September,  1647.  It  is  dated  April  2ist,  1646,  and  in 


DE  VONSH1KE     WILLS.  327 

it  she  is  described  as  "Pascoe"  Risdon,  of  "Winscott,"  in  the 
parish  of  St.  Giles,  and  county  of  Devon,  widow.  She  gives 
her  son,  William  Risdon,  "her  heir  and  sole  Executor,"  "the 
Manor  of  Winscott  and  the  Barton  farm  &  demesne  thereof 
and  all  her  other  lands  in  Devon  for  ever."  This  bequest 
upsets  the  assertion  of  the  authors  of  the  additions  to  Risdon 
(p.  422,  edit.  1811),  who  state  that  Giles  Risdon  (her  eldest  son, 
who  had  then  been  dead  about  two  years)  "  inherited  the  estate 
after  his  father,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  brother  William." 

She  gives  her  daughter-in  law,  Mrs.  Margery  Risdon,  two 
stocks  of  bees  and  her  still.  To  "  my  daughter,  Mrs.  Joane 
Hearle,  all  my  best  woollen  and  lynnen  apparel  and  my 
wedding-ring."  To  my  grandchild,  Margaret  Rattenbury,  £5 
at  sixteen  years  of  age.  Her  daughter,  Margaret,  had  died 
26th  of  August,  1636,  and  her  memorial  inscription  is  given 
by  Prince  in  the  Worthies  of  Devon.  She  likewise  leaves  to 
her  grandchild,  Joane  Hearle,  "  a  bearing  blanket  and  all  my 
child  bed  linnen."  There  are  also  bequests  to  several  of  her 
god-children,  and  to  John  Maddcote,  "  godson  of  my  husband, 
Mr.  Tristram  Risdon,  deceased."  The  overseers  are  her  nephew, 
Thomas  Chafe,  already  mentioned,  and  her  son-in-law,  Mr. 
James  Hearle. 

William  Risdon,  of  Winscot,  the  second  son  of  the  antiquary, 
proved  his  mother's  will,  and  succeeded  to  the  property  at  her 
death.  He  died  in  1701,  and  was  buried  in  St.  Giles'  Church 
with  his  family.  He  had  one  daughter,  Mary,  who  by  her  first 
husband,  John  Prust,  had  one  child,  a  daughter,  who  died  in 
infancy.  She  was  subsequently  married  three  times — viz ,  to 
Amos  Rolle,  to  John  Holland,  and  to  John  Stafford — but  had 
no  issue  by  either  of  them,  therefore  Winscot  ultimately 
descended  to  Joane,  daughter  of  James  Hearle  and  Joane  his 
wife,  the  daughter  of  Tristram  Risdon.  This  Joane,  who  by 
her  grandmother's  will  is  to  receive  "two  bearing  blankets," 
and  other  equally  useful  articles,  became  the  wife  of  Edward 
Lovatt,  of  Corfe,  in  the  parish  of  Tawstock,  who  was 
the  sixth  son  of  Sir  Robert  Lovatt,  of  Liscombe,  in  Buck- 
inghamshire. Her  husband  gave  a  large  silver  flagon  to  the 
church  of  Tawstock.  They  had  three  children — Robert,  who 
died  without  issue  ;  Joan,  who  married  Hatch  ;  and  Penelope, 


328  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

who  was  the  wife  of  Sir  Henry  Northcote,  M.D.,  the  fourth 
baronet,  and  the  present  Lord  Iddesleigh  is  now  the  repre- 
sentative of  Tristram  Risdon.  Winscote,  which  descended  in 
the  Northcote  family,  has  of  late  years  become  the  property 
of  the  Hon.  Mark  Rolle. 

Thomas  Chafe,  the  Executor  of  his  uncle's  will,  was,  as  I 
have  stated  al'ready,  the  son  of  John  Chafe,  and  of  his  wife, 
Anne  Mayho.  He  survived  until  1662,  married  Katherine, 
daughter  of  Sir  Thomas  Malet,  and  left  a  son  and  six 
daughters.  The  son,  also  called  Thomas,  acquired  property  near 
Sherborne,  with  his  wife,  Susanna  Molyns,  and  went  to  reside 
at  Folke.  He  was  patron  of  the  Rectory  of  Constantine, 
in  Cornwall.  The  death  of  his  only  son,  Molyns  Chafe, 
S.P.,  in  1685,  terminated  the  male  line  of  this  branch  of  the 
family. 

Their  ancestor,  as  I  have  already  said,  was  William  "  Chaffe," 
of  Wellington,  who  was  the  younger  brother  of  John  Chafy, 
of  Sherbourne,  who  was  buried  at  Stoke  under  Hamdon, 
26th  Sept.,  1558,  He  was  the  father  of  Thomas  "  Chafye," 
of  Sherbourne,  whose  grandson,  "  Robert  Chaffie,  of  the  same 
place,  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  and  heir  of  William  Ham- 
bridge,  of  East  Coker,  County  Somerset,  and  niece  and  heir 
to  Joseph  Compton,  of  Yeovil.  This  William  Hambridge  was 
the  second  son  of  John  Hambridge,  of  East  Coker  (who  was 
twelfth  in  direct  descent  from  Stephen  de  Hambrigge,  Lord 
of  Hambrigge,  in  Somerset,  in  the  reign  of  Henry  II.),  by  his 
first  wife,  Joan,  daughter  and  co-heir  of  William  Hemenford. 
(He  married,  secondly,  Katherine,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Syden- 
ham.)  Mrs.  "  Change's  "  mother,  Elizabeth  Compton,  ultimate 
heir  to  her  brother  Joseph,  was  sixteenth  in  descent  from 
Walter  of  Compton,  Co.  Somerset,  who  held  that  property 
under  the  Bishop  of  Salisbury,  at  the  time  of  the  Domesday 
Survey,  and  whose  younger  great  grandson,  Martin  de  Compton, 
gave  name  to  an  estate  in  Marldon,  Co.  Devon,  and  there 
founded  Compton  Castle,  which,  with  the  heiress  of  Compton, 
passed  to  the  Poles,  and  thence  to  Doddescombe,  and  ultimately 
became  divided  between  W^orthe  and  Gilbert.  Through  this 
marriage,  the  Chafys,  who  already  quartered  the  arms  of  Boys 
and  Mandeville,  obtained  the  right  to  add  those  of  Hambrigge, 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  329 

Micheldever,  Compton,  de  Alva,  Newton,  and  Helpeston. 
Walter  Chafe,  of  Sherborne,  baptized  there  28th  December, 
1653,  was  the  grandson  of  the  Compton  heiress.  He  acquired 
the  additional  armorials  of  Scott,  of  Child-Okford,  by  his 
marriage  with  Ann  Scott,  heir  to  her  brothers  George  and  John 
Scott,  of  Sherborne.  His  son,  John  "  Chafy,"  Rector  of  Lilling- 
ham,  and  of  Purse  Caundle,  Dorsetshire,  married  Elizabeth, 
daughter  and  co-heir  of  Capt.  John  Corbyn,  of  Hazlebury 
Brian,  and  the  direct  descendant  of  Sir  Philip  Corbyn,  Kt,  of 
Corbyn,  Co.  Stafford,  in  the  reign  of  Henry  I.,  and  thus  acquired 
the  quarterings  of  Corbyn,  Brian  (of  Hazlebury  Brian,  Co. 
Dorset,  temp.  Hy.  III.),  De  Cancy,  and  Warren.  The  Heraldry 
of  the  House  of  Chafy  became  repeated  by  the  marriage  of 
the  younger  son  of  the  last  named,  the  Rev.  William  Chafy, 
Vicar  of  Faversham  and  Sturry,  and  Minor  Canon  of  Canterbury, 
with  his  first  cousin's  daughter  Mary,  daughter  of  John  "  Chafie," 
of  Sherbourne  ;  their  eldest  son,  Dr.  William  Chafy  (C.C.  Coll., 
Cambridge,  Master  of  "  Sidney  Sussex,"  and  Vice-Chancellor 
of  the  University,  Chaplain-in-Ordinary  to  her  Majesty  the 
Queen,  and  to  her  three  royal  predecessors),  married,  4th  Dec., 
1813,  Mary,  daughter  and  co-heir  of  John  Westwood,  of 
Chatteris,  in  the  Isle  of  Ely,  and  the  descendant  and  representa- 
tive of  William  de  Westwode,  who  was  seized  of  lands  in  Lek, 
County  Stafford,  jure  uxoris,  3/th  Hy.  III.  His  wife  was  the 
daughter  and  heir  of  Clement  de  Dysteley,  by  Matilda,  daughter 
and  heir  of  Robert  Fitz-John,  the  owner  of  the  said  manor 
of  Lek. 

Dr.  Chafy  was  buried  in  Sidney  Sussex  College  Chapel  in 
May,  1843.  He  died,  universally  respected  and  lamented,  on 
the  i6th  of  that  month. 

Dr.  Chafy,  of  Rous-Lench  Court,  Worcestershire,  is  the  eldest 
son  by  his  first  marriage  with  Annette,  daughter  of  the  Rt.  Rev. 
Samuel  Kyle,  D.D.,  Lord  Bishop  of  Cork,  Cloyne,  and  Ross,  of 
the  only  son  of  the  Master  of  Sidney  Sussex  College,  who 
died  in  1873. 

Dr.  Chafy  was  baptized  by  the  names  of  William  Kyle  West- 
wood,  1 7th  July,  1841,  and  assumed  the  additional  name  of 
Chafy  in  pursuance  of  a  too  loosely  worded  claim  in  the  will 
of  his  grandfather,  from  whom  he  inherited  a  small  property 


330  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

at  Haslebury  Brian,  some  scattered  fragments  of  Chafy 
property  in  Dorset  and  Somerset,  and  an  estate  at  Sheriff's 
Lench,  in  Worcestershire. 

He  graduated  at  Cli.  Ch.,  Oxford  ;  was  ordained  deacon  in 
1869,  and  priest  in  1870.  He  was  subsequently  for  two  years 
curate  in  sole  charge  of  Lydford,  in  this  County;  for  an  account 
of  the  church  of  that  parish,  see  my  "Devonshire  Parishes,"  vol.  i., 
pp.  220-248.  Dr.  Chafy,  who  took  his  D.D.  degree  in  1891, 
married,  2nd  May,  1872,  Mary  Clara,  the  second  daughter  of 
the  late  Evelyn  Philip  Shirley,  of  Ettington,  Co.  Warwick,  and 
Lough  Trea,  Co.  Monaghan,  the  well-known  author  of  the 
"  Noble  and  Gentle  Families  of  England,"  of  the  "  History  of 
the  County  of  Monaghan,"  etc.,  and  who  was  the  great  grandson 
of  the  Hon.  George  Shirley,  of  Ettington,  fifth  son  of  the  first 
Earl  Ferrers,  who  terminated  the  abeyance  of  the  ancient 
baronies  of  Ferrers  of  Chartley,  Bourchier,  and  Louvaine,  his 
grandmother,  Lady  Dorothy  Devereux,  having  been  daughter 
and  co-heir  of  Robert,  last  Earl  of  Essex,  of  the  house  of 
Devereux,  from  whom  Mr.  Shirley  inherited  his  Irish  property 
in  Co.  Monaghan.  These  baronies  are  now  again  in  abeyance, 
between  the  representatives  of  the  daughters  of  the  eighth 
Lord  Ferrers. 

Dr.  Chafy's  son  and  heir,  Hugh  Edmund  Chafy-Chafy,  was 
born  at  Lidford  Rectory,  May  I7th,  1876.  He  has  also  a 
second  son  and  four  daughters. 

The  arms  used  for  many  centuries  by  this  family,  "  azure, 
five  fusils  in  fesse,  argent,  a  canton  of  the  last,"  and  which 
surmount  the  tomb  already  referred  to  in  the  parish  church 
of  St.  Giles  in  the  Heath,  have  been  superseded,  since  1822,  by 
Dr.  Chafy's  predecessors.  In  pursuance  of  an  Earl  Marshal's 
warrant  in  that  year  directed  to  the  Kings  of  Arms,  consequent 
upon  the  application  of  the  Rev.  W.  Chafy,  great-grandfather 
of  the  present  owner  of  Rous-Lench,  a  coat,  which  satisfactorily 
marks  the  descent  of  the  Chafy's  from  Hugo,  Thegn  of  Chafe- 
combe,  and  his  connection  with  the  Saxon  Earldom  of  Devon, 
the  badge  of  which  was  a  gryphon  then,  and  down  to  the 
commencement  of  the  third  century  after  the  Conquest,  was 
granted  to  him  and  his  heirs,  and  may  be  thus  blazoned  : — 
Per  pale  gules  and  azure,  a  gryphon  segreant,  argent;  on 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  331 

a  chief,  engrailed  erm.,   three  lozenges    in  fess  of  the   second. 

Crest,  on  a  mount  vert,   a   peacock  in  its  pride,  between    two 
palm-branches,  all  ppr. 


HORNIMAN    OF    BRADWORTHY. 

It  is  evident,  from  the  fact  that  a  certain  portion  of  our  coast 
was  known  as  the  littns  Saxonicnm  during  the  last  years  of  the 
Roman  occupation  of  Britain,  that  some  time  prior  to  the 
evacuation  of  our  island  in  418  there  had  been  periodical  settle- 
ments in  it  of  predatory  Teutons  from  the  neighbourhood  of 
the  Rhine  and  Elbe.  These  invaders,  having  settled  themselves 
permanently  in  the  country  at  various  but  uncertain  dates,  were 
of  course  subject  to  the  Roman  dominion,  and  took  part  with 
the  Britons  in  their  several  struggles  to  throw  off  the  Latin 
yoke.  Thus  it  came  about  that  there  was  a  very  considerable 
Saxon  settlement  established  in  this  and  other  parts  of  the 
kingdom  long  prior  to  the  arrival  of  the  great  horde  of  German 
invaders,  in  the  first  year  of  the  Emperor  Marcianus,  A.D.  450, 
which  was  nearly  seventy  years  prior  to  the  actual  establish- 
ment of  the  Saxon  kingdom  of  Wessex  by  King  Cerdic.  That 
one  of  these  so-called  Saxon  incursions  was  undertaken  by  the 
"  Hermanduri "  seems  probable  from  the  existence  of  the  great 
Roman  road  known  as  "  Hermin  Street,"  which  runs  from 
St.  Davids  to  Southampton,  and  the  latter  port  was  the  favourite 
landing  place  of  the  several  tribes  of  Saxon  adventurers  down 
to  the  arrival  of  the  future  King  Cerdic  at  the  close  of  the  fifth 
century. 

Thus  a  very  ancient  tradition  as  to  the  German  origin  of  the 
Hernimans,  or  Hornimans,  may  be  plausibly  accounted  for,  and 
its  strong  probability  may  be  very  freely  admitted  ;  but  not  so 
the  period  at  which  their  migration  from  the  European  Continent 
has  been  usually  fixed,  or  the  supposition  that  the  founder  of 
their  family  in  England  was  "  a  follower  of  Peter  of  Provence, 
the  uncle  of  Eleanor,  queen  of  Henry  III.,"  who  in  such  case 
must  have  settled  here  during  the  first  half  of  the  thirteenth 
century. 

It  is  a  significant  proof  of  the  very  great  antiquity  of  this 


332 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 


family  in  Britain  that  their  connection  with  the  Saxon  Manor, 
to  which  they  certainly  gave  name,  but  not  with  the  county, 
which  has  remained  unsevered,  had  ceased  apparently  in  the 
reign  of  Edward  the  Confessor.  It  is  shown  by  the  Domesday 
record  that  one  of  them  held  manors,  under  Norman  rule, 
both  in  north  and  south  Devon,  notably  in  the  neighbourhood 
of  Totnes,  in  which  a  branch  of  the  family  have  continued 
until  modern  times,  and  in  that  of  Chulmleiyh,  where  the 
name  is  still  extant. 

Amongst  the  property  granted  by  King  William  to  the 
Norman  Bishop  of  Coutance  was  the  manor  of  Harmon's 
Sward,  "  Hermondesuorda,"  and  now  known  as  Hermonsworthy, 
in  the  parish  of  Broadworthy,  commonly  called  Bradworthy. 

The  Saxon  word  "  sweard,"  as  applied  to  the  soil,  signified 
that  it  was  covered  with  grass ;  the  affix  "  worthy,"  also  of 
Saxon  origin,  that  it  was  an  enclosed  estate  ;  hence  the  name  of 
such  parishes  as  Bradworthy,  Pyworthy,  Hexworthy,  etc.,  but  I 
need  not  multiply  instances  of  similar  nomenclature. 

When  King  William  seized  upon  "  Hermon's  Sward,"  it  was 
the  property  of  Alward,  the  King's  Thegn,  who  paid  tax  there 
for  a  sufficient  quantity  of  arable  land  to  occupy  "  two  ploughs," 
exclusive  of  twenty  acres  of  meadow,  and  five  furlongs  of 
pasture,  two  furlongs  wide.  The  Bishop  of  Coutance  sublet 
this  property  to  the  ancestor  of  the  Drewes  of  Broadhembury 
and  elsewhere,  and  in  subsequent  ages  it  was  held  by  an  old 
family  known  as"  De  Bosco,''  or  Boys,  Anglice^  Wood,  a  member 
of  which  built  a  chapel  upon  it  by  license  from  the  Abbot  of 
Tor,  and  his  male  line  became  extinct  in  the  reign  of 
Edward  III. 

But  although  the  "  Hermons  " — the  name  is,  I  should  remark, 
variously  written,  Herman,  Hermer,  Herniman,  Horniman,  and 
Harniman,  the  latter  spelling  being  in  exact  accordance  with  its 
customary  pronunciation — had  no  special  interest  in  "Hermon's 
Sward"  in  1086,  yet  one  of  their  name,  "  Hernan,"  which, 
allowing  for  contraction,  would  read  Herniman,  had  been  settled 
close  to  the  old  "  Hermin  "  road,  and  had  held  the  bishopric 
of  St.  Davids  from  1023-1039  during  the  reign  of  Canute,  and 
that  the  members  of  the  family  accommodated  themselves  to 
circumstances  is  sufficiently  clear  from  the  fact  that,  under 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  333 

Norman  rule,  the  Saxon  landowner  of  the  same  name,  who  was, 
I  think,  clearly  the  progenitor  of  the  Hornimans  of  the  middle 
and  later  ages,  was  permitted  to  hold  the  three  Devonshire 
manors  known  as  "  Nymet,"  near  Sampford  Courtenay,  Wash- 
bourne,  nigh  Totnes,  and  another  property  called  "  Esprewi," 
under  Norman  rule,  and  to  transmit  them  to  his  posterity, 
although,  being  a  Saxon,  he  did  not  hold  them  directly  from 
the  king  in  chief,  but  under  Goscelmus  Brito  (see  "  House  of 
Brito,"  post},  and  another  great  Lord  paramount,  Walter  de 
Douay,  Baron  of  Bampton. 

Thus  much  for  the  great  antiquity  of  the  race  of  Horniman, 
which  I  may  now  claim  reasonably  to  have  established.  It  is 
improbable  that  the  immediate  descendants  of  the  Domesday 
sub-tenant,  who  doubtless  founded  the  north  and  south  Devon 
branches  of  the  family,  ever  moved  far  from  their  first  settle- 
ments, for  we  find  them  mentioned  in  the  early  parish  registers 
both  of  Totnes  and  Sampford  Courtenay,  and  in  those  of  Wink- 
leigh,  South  Tawton,  and  elsewhere,  always  of  importance  and 
consideration  in  their  respective  neighbourhoods,  whilst  their 
seventeenth  century  residence  at  South  Molton  took  name  from 
them,  and  was  known  as  "  Hernimans."  This  house  stands  on 
rising  ground  near  the  confluence  of  the  rivers  Bray  and  Mole, 
and  in  the  midst  of  about  a  hundred  and  fifty  acres  of  fertile 
land.  Although  it  has  been  of  late  years  divided  into  tene- 
ments for  farm  labourers,  it  bears  evident  signs  of  its  ancient 
importance  in  vestiges  of  old  oak  panelling  and  similar 
decoration.  One  of  its  former  owners,  Luke  Herniman,  who 
died  childless  in  1686,  was  the  son  of  Mr.  John  Herniman  of 
South  Tawton. 

His  ancestor,  John  "  Hernaman,"  of  the  latter  parish,  dead 
before  1539,  had  three  children,  John,  Thomas,  and  Ann,  the 
latter  married  "Richard  Wikes,"  October  3Oth,  1565,  and  the 
marriage  of  her  nephew  William  Hernaman  with  Arminell, 
daughter  of  William  "  Weekes  "  of  Honichurch,  is  recorded  in 
the  Herald's  Visitation  of  Devonshire  of  1620. 

Her  brother  John's  son  "  Henri "  was  baptized  at  Sampford 
Courtenay  in  1 559?  °ne  of  her  elder  nephews  by  her  brother 
Thomas,  of  South  Tawton  and  Sampford  Courtenay,  married 
the  one  Maria  Oxenham  of  Oxenham  ;  whilst  the  other,  James 


334  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Herniman,  was  the  ancestor  of  the  Hernimans  of  Wood- 
terald,  in  the  parish  of  Winkleigh,  and  of  his  successors  also  at 
South  Tawton. 

The  Totnes  branch  of  this  family,  descended  most  probably 
from  the  Domesday  owner  of  Washbourne,  in  the  neighbouring 
parish  of  Harberton,  were  always  of  repute  in  South  Devon, 
and  held  positions  of  confidence  and  importance.  Their  imme- 
diate ancestor  was  George,  brother  of  Thomas  Herniman, 
baptized  in  1661,  and  their  present  representative  is  the  Rev. 
J.  W.  Duncombe  Hernaman,  clerk  in  holy  orders,  son  of  the 
late  John  Hernaman  of  Clealand  Hall,  Sunderland,  who  was 
born  in  1794,  and  was  the  son  of  William  Hernaman  of  Totnes 
by  his  wife  Elizabeth  Lapthorne.  A  branch  of  the  Totnes 
Hernimans  migrated  to  Appledore,  and  have  of  late  years 
been  resident  at  Truro  in  the  adjoining  county. 

Robert  "  Hernaman "  of  Wood-terald,  a  fair  estate  in  the 
parish  of  Winkleigh,  baptized  there  I5th  October,  1598,  was 
the  father  of  John  Herniman  of  Hernimans  above  mentioned, 
and  also  of  William  Herniman,  who  was  born  in  1619.  The 
latter's  son,  of  the  same  name,  seems  to  have  succeeded  his 
cousin  Luke  at  Hernimans,  whilst  the  elder  son,  Robert  "  Herni- 
man," baptized  at  South  Tawton  1656,  was  the  father  of  George 
"  Horniman,"  who  migrated  to  the  neighbouring  county  of 
Somerset,  and  settled  at  Lydeard  St.  Laurence.  The  latter's 
great  grandson  John  Horniman  was  the  father  of  another  John, 
who  was  born  at  Reading  in  1803,  and  was  one  of  the  most 
eminent  philanthropists  of  the  present  age.  During  a  long 
life  of  ninety  years,  by  close  attention  to  business,  and  by 
unswerving  rectitude,  he  not  only  succeeded  in  founding  the 
great  house  known  as  "  Hornimans,"  but  amassed  a  very  con- 
siderable fortune,  and  in  addition  to  the  large  sums  he  similarly 
disbursed  in  his  life-time,  he  left,  at  his  death  in  1893,  no  less 
than  ^89,000  in  various  charities.  His  eldest  son,  Mr.  W.  H. 
Horniman,  still  resides  in  the  county  adopted,  as  I  have  shown 
above,  by  his  ancestors  nigh  upon  eighteen  hundred  years  ago. 
His  second  son,  Mr.  Frederick  John  Horniman  now  M.P.  for 
Penryn  and  Falmouth,  is  the  well-known  owner  and  founder  of 
the  Surrey  House  Museum  at  Dulwich — a  magnificent  collection 
of  art  treasures,  which  is  freely  open  to  the  public,  and  which 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  335 

will  probably  in  the  future  be  entirely  dedicated  to  their  uses. 
Although  for  some  generations  his  own  branch  of  this  ancient 
family  have  been  truly  worthy  and  beneficent  members  of  the 
Society  of  Friends,  Mr.  F.  J.  Horniman  is  an  attached  follower 
of  the  tenets  of  the  Established  Church,  and  munificently 
contributed  ^4,000  towards  the  new  church  of  St.  Peter  on 
Dulwich  Common. 

The  Horniman  Museum  is  so  varied  in  its  character,  so 
unique  in  its  possessions,  that  few  towns  in  England  have  any- 
thing to  compare  with  it;  it  is  the  outcome  of  the  labour  and 
outlay  of  thirty  years,  and  is  distributed  over  no  less  than 
twenty-three  rooms  of  a  very  capacious  residence,  behind  which 
Mr.  Horniman  proposes  to  build  lecture  halls  and  technical 
schools  before  it  is  finally  handed  over  to  some  public  body  for 
the  exclusive  good  of  future  generations.  If  merely  in  memory 
of  his  father's  charities  and  of  his  own  beneficence,  his  name 
and  history,  apart  even  from  its  great  antiquity,  would  have 
deserved  commemoration  in  these  pages ;  as  it  is,  it  must  be 
admitted  that  no  account  of  our  old  West  country  families 
could  be  complete  without  a  somewhat  extended  notice  of 
the  race  of  Horniman.  Mr.  J.  F.  Horniman  married,  in  1859, 
the  youngest  daughter  of  John  Elmslie  of  Dalston,  county 
Middlesex,  by  whom  he  has  a  son  and  heir,  Elmslie  J. 
Horniman,  born  1860. 

The  arms  used  by  the  Hornimans,  vert,  a  lion  passant 
guardant,  or,  between  three  annulets,  arg. ;  and  the  crest  a 
lion  couchant  guardant,  or,  beneath  a  palm-tree  proper,  were 
confirmed  by  Garter  and  Clarencieux,  kings  of  arms  to  the 
family  of  Herman  of  Middleton  Stoney,  County  Oxford,  loth 
December,  1630. 


NORTHMORE    OF    CLEVE. 

The  Northmores  of  Cleve,  in  the  parish  of  St.  Thomas, 
nigh  Exeter,  are  said  by  Lysons  and  others  "  to  have  migrated 
from  Somersetshire,"  a  statement  which  does  not  appear  to 
have  the  slightest  foundation  in  fact,  and  probably  originated 
in  the  bequest  by  one  of  their  collateral  relatives,  whose  will 


336  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

was  proved  in  the  Prerogative  Court  of  Canterbury,  in  1411, 
of  a  considerable  quantity  of  gold  plate  to  the  Church  of 
St.  Mary  at  Taunton.  That  a  branch  of  the  family  long 
flourished  in  much  repute  in  the  adjoining  county  is  as  unques- 
tionable as  that  their  name,  anciently  written  "  Nordmoor," 
is  derived  from  the  residence  of  their  Saxon  ancestors  upon 
the  northern  border  of  Dartmoor,  in  the  parish  of  South  Tawton, 
within  which  royal  manor,  held  at  the  Conquest  by  King 
William,  and  which  had  been  a  portion  of  the  dowry  of  Githa, 
the  mother  of  Harold,  a  noble  Saxon,  called  Alfric  or  Aluric, 
one  of  the  higher  or  baronial  thanes,  had  another  "  in  partage  " 
("  quam  tenuit  Uluricus  pariter"  are  the  words  of  the  Survey) 
at  the  death  of  Edward  the  Confessor,  and  which  was  known 
as  "  Aissa  "  or  Ash. 

That  the  Northmores  are  the  veritable  descendants  of  this 
Saxon  Thegn  is  as  probable  as  their  long  connection  with  the 
manor  of  East  Ash  is  certain ;  their  first  recorded  nominal 
residence  in  the  parish  of  South  Tawton,  however,  under  the 
name  of  "Northmore,"  was  at  "Wille,"  or  Well,  a  residence  now 
occupied  by  a  farmer,  and  apparently  of  sixteenth  century 
date,  and  which  still  exhibits  the  initials  of  Edward  Northmore, 
1600,  and  of  John  Northmore, "  anno  1641,''  in  one  of  its  windows. 
This  property  is  shown  by  an  extant  deed  to  have  been  granted 
by  "  William  Ythel "  (at  Wille)  to  John  Northmore,  in  the  sixth 
year  of  the  reign  of  King  Edward  III.,  A.D.  1332.  On  the 
29th  June,  1377,  this  John  Northmore,  or  his  successor  of  the 
same  name,  attested  a  deed  at  Tiverton.  He  was  succeeded 
by  Richard  Northmore,  who  flourished  between  the  years 
1453-81,  who  obtained  from  Richard  Wyke  of  North  Wyke* 
certain  lands  in  the  manor  of  East  Ayshe,  already  referred  to, 
by  deed  dated  4th  Edward  IV.,  A.D.  1464,  and  they  eventually 
acquired  the  whole  manor,  which  manor,  Lysons  complacently 
remarks,  "  had  belonged  to  the  Northmores,  for  some  years,  in 
1711."  As  Samuel  Lysons  was  long  "  Keeper  of  the  Records,' 
it  is  somewhat  surprising  and  irritating  to  find  that  in  this 
as  well  as  in  numerous  other  instances  he  did  not  trouble 
himself  to  be  more  precise  and  accurate.  William  Northmore 

*  See  Wyke  of  Northwyke,  post. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  337 

succeeded  his  father  Richard  in  1481,  and  was  himself  the  father 
of  John  Northmore  who  was  buried  at  South  Tawton  in  1577, 
and  pre-deceased  his  mother,  Joan  Northmore,  by  eight  years. 

The  South  Tawton  registers  commence  in  1540,  and  amongst 
the  earliest  entries  I  find  the  baptism  of  this  John  Northmore's 
son  Bartholomew  on  February  24th  that  year. 

He  appears,  however,  to  have  been  succeeded  at  Welle  by 
his  son  Richard  Northmore,  who  married  Joan  Southwood,  or 
Southmeade,  in  1567,  and  who  was  the  father  of  Edward  North- 
more  of  Well,  whose  son  (by  his  marriage  with  Philote,  daughter 
of  Edward  Haywoode  of  Haywoode,  in  the  parish  of  Bund- 
leigh),  John  Northmore,  was  also  of  Welle,  and  was  buried  at 
South  Tawton  in  1671.  This  last  John  Northmore,  who  adopted 
the  legal  profession,  and  acquired  a  large  estate,  which  included 
an  eighth  part  of  the  manor  of  Okehampton,  married  Joan, 
daughter  of  John  Stronge  of  Tor-hill,  in  the  same  parish,  and  left 
five  sons  and  two  daughters,  married  to  Battishill  and  Weeks, 
both  members  of  houses  with  recorded  pedigrees.*  I  should 
have  stated  that  Richard  Northmore  had  granted  to  his  son  Ed- 
ward above  mentioned  the  lands  of  East  Ash  by  deed  dated  1587. 

John  Northmore  of  Well  and  of  East  Ash  was  the  eldest 
of  the  five  sons  of  John  Northmore  and  of  Joan  Stronge.  He 
was  a  lawyer,  like  his  father,  and  also  a  magistrate,  and  long 
filled  the  office  of  town  clerk  of  Okehampton,  and  married 
into  an  old  county  family,  that  of  the  Chudleigh  branch  of  the 
Woolcombes,  and  died  without  issue  in  1713.  His  next  brother 
Edward,  who  was  Vicar  of  Newton  St.  Cyres  and  of  Chudleigh, 
predeceased  him  in  1687,  so  that  his  heir-at-law  was  his  brother 
William  Northmore,  born  1639,  who  married,  first,  Mary, 
daughter  and  heir  of  William  Knapman  of  Wonson,  in  the 
parish  of  Throwleigh,  by  which  marriage  he  acquired  that 
interesting  property,  and  was  also  Mayor  of  Okehampton.  In 
a  panel  of  one  of  the  rooms  in  the  old  house  at  Wonson  there 
is,  carved  on  panel,  the  semblance  of  an  ace  of  diamonds,  by 
which  card  this  William  Northmore  is  said  to  have  lost  the 
very  large  sum,  in  those  days,  of  .£17,000.  However,  his  son 
succeeded  to  Wonson,  and  subsequently,  as  I  shall  presently 

*  For  the  marriage  of  Elizabeth  Norihmore  with   Richard  Weekes,  see  "  Weekcs 
of  IIonichurch,"/0.tf. 

23 


338  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

show,  to  Cleve  as  well.  By  his  second  marriage  with  a  Miss 
Hutton,  daughter  of  the  rector  of  Northlew,  William  North- 
more  the  elder  left  a  daughter  Elizabeth,  who  was  the  direct 
ancestress  of  the  late  wife  of  the  present  owner  of  Cleve,  a 
property  originally  acquired  by  the  said  William  of  Wonson's 
next  younger  brother  Thomas. 

The  latter  had  succeeded  to  the  moiety  of  the  profits  of  an 
annual  fair  at  Exeter  as  a  younger  son's  portion,  which  had 
been  originally  granted  to  John  Northmore  of  South  Tawton, 
who  died  in  1577,  by  King  Henry  VIII.,  in  whose  household 
he  had  in  his  younger  days  been  a  page  of  honour,  and  with 
whom  he  seems  to  have  been  a  great  favourite.  Thomas  North- 
more,  however,  who  was  a  Master  in  Chancery  and  M.P.  for 
Okehampton,  appears  to  have  accumulated  a  great  deal  of 
money  in  the  practice  of  his  profession,  and  about  the  year 
1675  settled  in  St.  Thomas,  nigh  Exeter,  and  in  1705  he 
purchased  Cleve,  since  the  principal  seat  of  the  Northmores, 
from  the  devisees  of  one  Robert  Gubbs  ;  he  also  obtained 
two-thirds  of  the  rental  of  Topsham  Quay,  then  the  port  of 
Exeter,  and  much  other  property  in  the  city.  He  died  (S.P.M.} 
in  1713,  when  he  divided  his  wealth  between  his  nephew  John, 
son  of  his  fifth  and  last  brother  Jeffery,  then  the  owner  of 
Well  in  South  Tawton,  and  his  daughter  and  heir  Anne,  at  that 
time  married  to  her  first  cousin  William  Northmore  the  younger 
of  Wonson,  who  thus  inherited  Cleve  in  right  of  his  wife.  This 
William  Northmore,  of  Wonson  and  Cleve,  had  been  born  in 
1690,  and,  like  others  of  his  ancient  race,  some  time  represented 
Okehampton  in  Parliament.  In  1722  he  was  permitted  to 
register  his  arms,  and  the  simplicity  of  the  coat  is  sufficient  to 
show  its  extreme  antiquity ;  his  first  wife  and  cousin  Ann 
Northmore  only  survived  her  father  three  years,  and  he  was 
afterwards  twice  married  ;  his  second  wife  being  Florence, 
daughter  of  Sir  Arthur  Chichester  of  Ralegh,  and  his  third  an 
Oxenham  of  Oxenham,  in  the  parish  of  South  Tawton.  His 
first  wife's  stepmother,  by  the  way,  who  died  in  1735,  was 
a  daughter  of  John  St.  Aubyn  of  Clowance,  and  sister  of  the 
first  St.  Aubyn  Baronet,  as  well  as  of  the  wife  of  Nicholas 
Martin  of  Oxton  and  Netherexe. 

William   Northmore  of  Cleve  died  (5.P.)  in  1734,  when  that 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  339 

property  passed  to  his  cousin  John  Northmore,  son  of  his 
already  mentioned  uncle  Jeffery  Northmore  of  Well,  by 
Grace  Risdon  of  Spreyton,  of  the  house  of  Bableigh.  This 
third  Northmore,  owner  of  Cleve,  married  Anne,  daughter  of 
John  Collacot  of  Chagford,'  but  only  enjoyed  that  property 
a  few  months,  as  he  was  buried  at  South  Tawton  in  December, 
1735.  He  was  succeeded  by  his  son  Thomas,  then  only  a  few 
months  old,  and  who  had  therefore  a  long  minority.  He  was 
Sheriff  of  Devon  in  1769,  and  left  by  his  wife,  the  only  daughter 
and  heir  of  Richard  Osgood  of  Fulham,  three  sons,  Thomas 
of  Cleve  ;  William,  in  holy  orders  ;  and  Edward,  an  officer  in 
the  army.  Thomas  Northmore  of  Cleve,*  son  and  heir,  married, 
secondly,  Emmeline,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Eden,  Baronet,  by 
whom  he  had  a  son,  Edmund  Shafto,  who  died,  issueless,  at 
sea,  and  six  daughters.  His  first  wife  was  a  daughter  of  Sir 
W.  E.  Welby,  first  Baronet  of  Denton,  County  Lincoln,  by 
whom  he  had  issue  Thomas  Welby  Northmore,  born  in  1791, 
who  commenced  life  with  a  commission  in  the  Guards,  retired 
as  a  captain,  graduated,  became  a  clergyman,  and  was  long 
Vicar  of  Winterton,  in  Lincolnshire.  He  married  his  cousin 
Katherine,  daughter  of  Sir  W.  E.  Welby,  second  Baronet,  and 
was  buried  in  the  family  vault  in  the  church  of  St.  Thomas. 
He  was  the  father  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Welby  Northmore, 
Vicar  of  Weston,  Co.  York,  who  has  two  sons  and  a  daughter, 
and  also  of  John  Northmore,  the  present  owner  of  Cleve. 
Mr.  Northmore  was  born  in  1826,  and  is  a  justice  of  the 
peace  for  Devon,  and  was  for  some  years  of  H.M.  Ceylon  Civil 
Service;  he  married,  secondly,  in  1873,  his  far-away  kins- 
woman, Olympia,  a  daughter  of  Northmore  Herle  Pierce 
Lawrence,  the  descendant  and  representative  of  Elizabeth,  only 
daughter,  by  his  second  marriage,  of  William  Northmore  the 
elder  of  Wonson,  as  I  have  previously  mentioned.  She  died  in 


*  Mr.  Thomas  Northmore  of  Cleve,  a  well-kncwn  geologist  and  antiquary,  and 
Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  married,  firstly,  Penelope,  only  daughter  of  Sir  William 
Earle  Welby,  first  Baronet  (creation  27lh  June,  1801),  by  his  wife,  Penelope,  third 
daughter  of  Sir  John  Glynne,  Bait.,  of  Hawarden,  Flintshire  ;  and,  secondly, 
Emmeline,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Eden,  fourth  Baronet  of  West  Auckland, 
Co.  Duiham,  and  sister  of  Lady  Aghrim,  afterward  Countess  of  Athlone.  Her 
father's  baronetcy  became  extinct  in  1841,  but  her  uncle  Robert  was  created  a  Baronet 
in  1776,  and  his  brothers,  William  and  Morton,  were  respectively  raised  to  the 
peerage  as  Barons  Auckland  and  Henley,  1789-1799. 


340  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

1875,  leaving  issue  a  son   and  heir,  John  Northmore,  born  in 
1874,  and  one  daughter,  of  her  own  name. 

Mr.  Northmore  had  previously  married  the  only  daughter  of 
the  late  Rev.  William  Hames,  Rector  of  Chagford,  but  by  that 
lady  had  no  issue;  she  died  in  1869. 

The  Northmore  arms  may  be  thus  blazoned  : — Gules,  a 
lion  rampant,  or,  crowned,  argent.  Crest — A  lion's  head  erased, 
gules,  crowned  as  in  the  arms,  charged  with  a  rose,  argent, 
barbed  and  seeded,  vert. 

Motto—"  Nee  Elata,  Nee  Dejecta." 

The  rose  was  evidently  intended  to  mark  Cadency,  but  it  is 
hard  to  see  why  it  was  employed  in  lieu  of  a  mullet,  the  usual 
distinction,  since  the  fourteenth  century,  of  the  third  son,  from 
whom  William  of  Wonson,  who  sought  the  interference  of  the 
officers  of  arms  in  1722,  unquestionably  derived. 


WISE    OF    SYDENHAM,     MOUNT    WISE    AND    WONWELL, 
CO.  DEVON,  AND  OF  CLAYTON  HALL,  CO.  STAFFORD. 

The  Saxon   race  of  Wise,  in  the  vernacular  written  "  Wis." 
and  by  the  Danes  "  Viis,"  have  resided  in  the  west  of  England 
literally  from  time  immemorial,  and,  although  the  principal  seat 
of    the    family   in   the   first   half    of    the    present    century    was 
removed   to  Staffordshire,  in    consequence  of  a  marriage  with 
the  heir  of  Booth  and   Lovatt  of  Clayton,  in  that  county,  the 
name  still  flourishes  in  Devonshire.     Humfrey  "Vis  "  or  "  Wis  " 
of  Lew,  since  known  as  JLew  Trenchard,  near  Tavistock,  was 
living  there   in   the   year    1080,  when    that   manor,  which  had 
belonged  to  Brictric,  the  son  of  Algar,  the  first-love  of  Matilda, 
the     Conqueror's    consort,    had    passed    into    Norman    hands. 
According  to  ancient  heraldic  records,  this  Humfrey  le  Wis  was 
the  father,  but  I  consider  him  to  have  been   more  probably  the 
brother,  of   Oliver  le  Wis,  who  was  at  about  the  same  period 
settled  upon  the  manor  of  Greston,  in  Cornwall,  and  the  latter 
was  the  undoubted  ancestor  of  Sir  John  Wise,  Knight,  of  Greston 
late  in  the  twelfth  century,  whose   younger  brother,  Sir  Andrew 
Wyse,  accompanied  Strongbow  to  Ireland  in  1169,  and  obtained 
great  possessions  in  Waterford,  since   held    directly   from    the 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  341 

Crown  ;  his  descendant  and  representative,  whose  predecessors 
had  inherited  the  lands  of  the  Priory  of  St.  John  in  1495,  was 
the  late  Sir  Thomas  Wyse  of  St.  John,  county  Waterford,  who 
married  the  daughter  of  Prince  Lucien  Bonaparte,  and  was  long 
member  of  Parliament  for  the  county. 

Sir  John  Wise  of  Greston  had  three  sons,  viz.,  Henry,  son 
and  heir,  Serlo,  and  Osbert,  who  founded  branches  of  their 
name  in  Kent  and  Oxfordshire.  Roger  Wise,  younger  son  of 
Sir  Henry  Wise  of  Greston,  was  the  ancestor  of  the  Gloucester- 
shire Wises.  His  eldest  brother,  Sir  William  Wise  of  Greston, 
held  sixteen  librates  of  land  in  Cornwall  in  the  year  1255,  and 
by  his  marriage  with  Ela  de  Vepont  ("  Veteri  ponte  ;  "  in  English, 
Oldbridge)  acquired  the  Devonshire  manor  of  Thrushelton,  a 
chapelry  dependent  on  Maristow,  County  Devon,  in  which  latter 
parish  his  son  Serlo  obtained  the  Sydenham  estate  by  his 
alliance  with  Albreda  Trevage.  Their  son,  Thomas  Wise, 
Lord  of  Sydenham,  Thrushelton,  and  Greston,  and  eighth 
in  descent  from  the  aforesaid  Oliver  le  Wise,  left  the  Cornish 
property  to  his  son  of  the  latter  name,  who  had  no  male  issue, 
but  by  his  granddaughter  Margaret  Beaumont,  who  married 
John  Chichester  of  Ralegh,  he  became  the  ancestor  of  subse- 
quent members  of  that  ancient  Devonshire  house,  and  also  of 
the  Marquesses  of  Donegal. 

Oliver's  brother,  John  Wise  of  Sydenham,  was  the  father  of 
Thomas  Wise,  whose  wife,  Margaret,  daughter  and  heir  of 
Robert  Britt  (see  "  House  of  Brito,"  post},  brought  him  much 
additional  property  in  various  parts  of  Devonshire,  notably  that 
since  known  as  "  Mount  Wise,"  which  has  long  been  the  military 
headquarters  at  Devonport,  otherwise  Stoke  Damarel. 

The  next  John  Wise  of  Sydenham  married  Thomazine, 
daughter  of  Sir  Baldwin  Fulford,  of  Great  Fulford,  near  Exeter, 
Knight  of  the  Sepulchre,  and  Sheriff  of  Devon  38th  Henry  VI. 
He  had  two  children,  a  son  and  daughter ;  the  latter  was  the 
mother  of  the  first  Lord  Russell,  and  the  ancestress  of  the 
Uukes  of  Bedford. 

Lord  Russell's  uncle,  Oliver  Wise,  by  his  wife  Margaret 
Tremayne  of  Collacombe,  in  the  parish  of  Lamerton,  had  issue 
John,  who  was  thrice  married  ;  one  of  his  younger  sons  is 
supposed  to  have  founded  the  Warwickshire  branch  of  the 


342  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

family  ;  by  his  first  wife,  Maria  Chudleigh,  of  Ashton-under- 
Haldon,  of  the  race  of  the  celebrated  Duchess  of  Kingston, 
he  had  a  son  and  heir,  James  Wise  of  Sydenham,  who  married 
Alice  Dynham.  Their  younger  son,  Sir  William  Wise,  was 
knighted  at  the  "Battle  of  the  Spurs"  in  1513;  their  elder, 
John  Wise  of  Sydenham,  by  Alice  Harris  of  Hayne,  was  the 
father  of  James,  Charles,  Erkenbold,  Thomas,  and  John.  Of 
these  Thomas  succeeded  to  Sydenham,  and  built  "  the  faire 
mansion  house  "  at  Stoke  Damarel,  since  called  Mount  Wise, 
and  there  his  posterity  principally  resided  afterward  ;  by  his 
wife,  Mary  Buller  of  Shillingham,  he  was  the  father  of  Sir 
Thomas  Wise,  Knight  of  the  Bath,  who  died  in  1629,  whose  son 
and  heir  of  the  same  name,  Sheriff  of  Devon  1638,  Knight 
of  the  Shire  1640,  married  the  Honourable  Mary  Chichester, 
daughter  of  Edward,  first  Viscount  Carrickfergus,  and  sister  of 
the  first  Earl  of  Donegal  ;  they  had  a  son,  Sir  Edward  Wise, 
Knight  of  the  Bath,  who  married  Arabella  St.  John,  daughter 
of  Oliver  Lord  St.  John,  son  of  the  Earl  of  Bolingbroke. 

The  two  sons  of  this  marriage,  St.  John,  and  Thomas  Wise, 
both  died  childless,  wheu  the  great  Sydenham  property,  which 
was  unfortunately  unentailed,  passed  by  the  marriage  of  their 
sister  Arabella  to  the  Tremaynes  of  Collacombe,  and  since  then 
of  Sydenham.  I  say  "  unfortunately,"  merely  because  the  present 
owner  of  Sydenham,  Mr.  John  Tremayne,  has  inherited  the 
property  from  his  grandfather,  who  came  to  it  by  bequest  from 
a  kinsman  of  his  own  name  in  1808,  and  is  not  descended  from 
Arabella  Wise,  whereas  the  male  line  of  her  family  did  not 
become  extinct  by  the  death  of  her  brothers  without  issue. 

At  that  time  the  male  heir-at-law  was  John  Wise  of  Totnes, 
great  grandson  of  John  Wise  and  of  hi*  wife  Emmot  Vavasour, 
second  son  of  John  Wise  of  Sydenham  and  of  Alice  Harris. 

This  John  Wise  of  Totnes,  born  in  1640,  was  the  grandfather 
of  John  Wise,  who  married  Margaret,  daughter  and  sole  heir 
of  John  Ayshford  of  Wonwell  Court,  in  the  parish  of  Kingston, 
near  Modbury. 

The  Ayshfords,  descended  from  Stephen  de  Eisforde,  a 
follower  of  the  Conqueror,  were  long  of  Ashford,  in  the  parish 
of  Burlescombe ;  Robert,  second  son  of  William  Ayshford 
of  Ashford,  towards  the  end  of  the  fifteenth  century  married 


DE  VON  SHI  RE     WILLS.  343 

Philippa,  daughter  and  heir  of  Robert  Hyndeston  of  Wonvvell, 
and  from  this  marriage  Margaret,  wife  of  John  Wise,  was  sixth 
in  descent  She  died  in  1780,  leaving  five  sons  and  six  daughters ; 
from  her  second  son,  George  Wise  of  Woolston,  in  Loddiswell, 
the  present  Colonel  Dacres  Wise  of  that  parish  is  descended. 

Her  eldest  son,  John  Wise,  succeeded  to  Wonwell,  and 
married  Elizabeth  Froude,  aunt  of  the  late  James  Antony 
Froude,  Regius  Professor  of  Modern  History;  their  eldest  son, 
Ayshford  Wise,  sold  the  property  in  1820,  and  removed  to 
Ford  House,  a  place  memorable  for  its  siege  and  capitulation 
to  the  Parliamentary  forces  during  the  great  rebellion,  and 
which  from  the  Reynelis  passed  by  marriage  to  the  Courtenays. 
Mr.  Ayshford  Wise  married  Mary,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Thomas 
Whitby  of  Cresvvell  Hall,  Staffordshire,  long  represented  that 
county  in  Parliament,  and  died  in  1847.  His  third  daughter, 
Julia,  married,  first,  in  1837,  R.  F.  De  Barry-Barry,  by  whom  she 
had  a  son,  Robert,  late  Captain  6oth  Rifles,  and,  secondly,  in 
1845,  the  late  J.  T.  Coward,  by  whom  she  is  the  mother  of 
Blanchard  R.  T.  Coward,  Lieutenant  R.N.,  who  married,  in  1884, 
Geraldine,  daughter  of  Major  H.  W.  Portman,  and  niece  of  the 
first  Viscount.  His  son  and  heir,  John  Ayshford  Wise,  a 
Deputy  Lieutenant  for  Devonshire,  Sheriff  of  Staffordshire 
1852,  and  M.P.  for  the  borough  of  Stafford,  married  the 
daughter  and  heir  of  Hugh  Booth,  by  Anne,  daughter  and 
heir  of  Thomas  Lovatt  of  Clayton  Hall,  whose  ancestors  had 
resided  there  from  the  sixteenth  century.  At  his  death  in  1870 
he  was  succeeded  by  his  only  son,  the  present  Major  Lewis 
Lovatt  Ayshford  Wise,  formerly  of  the  8th,  "King's,"  Regiment, 
who  also  owns  property  in  Somersetshire.  Major  Wise  has  two 
daughters;  his  only  son  and  heir  died  in  infancy,  A.D.  1877. 

The  arms  of  Wise  are,  sable,  three  chcvronels,  ermine ; 
quartering,  first,  Vepont  ;  second,  Trevage  ;  third,  Britt  (see 
"  House  of  Brito,"  post}  \  fourth,  Prestwood  ;  fifth,  Brooking  ; 
sixth,  Ayshford  ;  seventh,  grand  quarter ;  first  and  fourth, 
Booth;  second  and  third,  Lovatt  of  Clayton. 

Crest — A  demi-lion  rampant,  gules,  holding  a  sceptre. 

Motto — "Sapere  Aude." 

Sir  Thomas  Wise  had  a  grant  of  supporters  as  a  Knight  of 
the  Bath,  viz.,  dexter,  a  lion,  gules  ;  sinister,  an  ape,  ppr. 


344  DR  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

PYKE  OF  WIDWORTHY  AND  PARRACOMBE. 

Although  the  connection  of  the  Pykes  of  Parracombe,  with 
Widworthy,  was  long  since  completely  severed,  it  appears  to 
me  certain  that  the  first  settlement  in  Devonshire  of  their 
Norman  ancestor  was  within  the  latter  parish,  upon  the 
manor  of  Sutton,  afterwards  known  as  Sutton  Lucy,  which 
was  held  in  1087  by  "  Richard  "  as  sub-tenant  to  William  the 
king's  doorkeeper  ("  Gulielmus  Portitor,"  sometimes  called 
"  Hostiarius,"  or  the  Usher). 

The  manor  of  "Acha"  (Haeg),  Anglice  Hayes,  long  subse- 
quently known  as  Lucy  Hayes,  in  the  same  parish,  was  also 
then  held  by  a  certain  "  Richard,"  under  Baldwin  the  Sheriff; 
hence  it  has  been  generally  assumed  that  the  two  "  Richards  " 
were  identical,  but  it  is  practically  certain  that  "  Richard  of 
Acha  "  was  Baldwin's  brother,  Richard  de  Redvers,  afterwards 
Earl  of  Devon,  and  the  fact  that  both  Sutton  Lucy  and  Lucy 
Hayes,  after  an  occupation  of  several  centuries  by  the  Lucies, 
eventually  passed  to  the  Courtenays,  who  had  then  succeeded 
to  the  property  of  the  Redvers  family,  has  not  rendered  the 
matter  more  explicable. 

The  sub-tenant  of  "  Sutton,"  under  the  King's  porter,  was 
probably  Richard  de  Lucie,  a  son  of  Richard,  Lord  of  Disce,  in 
Norfolk,  and  grandson  of  "  Geoffry  "  of  Loiset,  in  Normandy,  an 
admiral  in  the  service  of  William  the  Conqueror,  who  fought  at 
Hastings,  and  was  afterwards  one  of  the  forty-four  knights  who 
were  quartered  for  five  years  upon  the  rebellious  monks  of  Ely. 
Richard  de  Loiset,  afterwards  known  as  De  Lucie,  received 
the  lordship  of  Disce  from  Henry  I.,  was  guardian  of  the 
kingdom  during  the  transfretation  of  that  monarch  in  1112, 
and  also  Chief  Justice  of  England. 

He  seems  to  have  left  two  sons,  Geoffry  and  Richard.  The 
first  of  these  predeceased  him,  but  had  sons,  Richard  and 
Herbert,  whose  line  soon  expired ;  and  daughters,  Maud,  who  is 
said  to  have  been,  as  a  widow,  the  second  wife  of  Richard,  Earl 
of  Devon  (which  may  account  for  the  acquisition  of  Lucy  Hayes 
by  her  uncle  or  his  descendants),  and  Rohesia,  to  whom  I  shall 
presently  return. 

Geoffry's  brother,  Richard  de  Lucie,  held  lands  both  in  Devon 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  345 

and  Cornwall  in  the  reign  of  King  Stephen.  He  had  two  sons, 
viz.,  Maurice,  who  was  of  Sutton  Lucy,  in  Widworthy,  in  the 
time  of  Henry  II.,  and  Reginald  de  Lucie,  the  ancestor  of  the 
Multons,  who  assumed  the  maternal  name,  and  were  Barons  of 
Cockermouth  from  the  I4th  Edward  II.  until  1369,  when  the 
property  devolved  upon  Maud  de  Lucie,  alias  Multon,  wife  of 
Henry  Percy,  first  Earl  of  Northumberland.  She  died  without 
issue,  but  by  settlement,  8th  Richard  II.,  her  lands  were  secured 
to  her  husband  and  his  descendants,  who  have  therefore  since 
quartered  the  Lucie  arms. 

Through  the  marriage  of  his  younger  son,  Osbert,*  Maurice 
de  Lucie  was  the  grandfather  of  Maurice  de  Lucie,  who  was  of 
Sutton  Lucie,  co.  Devon,  late  in  the  thirteenth  century,  but  his 
eldest  son,  Geoffrey  de  Lucie,  was  Baron  of  Newington,  co. 
Kent,  and  in  litigation  with  his  cousin  Rohesia,  above  mentioned, 
as  to  the  lands  in  Cornwall,  which  he  had  inherited  from  his 
grandfather,  the  aforesaid  second  Richard  de  Lucie. 

This  Rohesia,  wife  of  Fulbert  de  Dovor,  had  succeeded  to  the 
lordship  of  Disce,  in  Norfolk,  upon  the  death  of  her  nephew, 
Richard,  son  of  her  brother,  Richard  de  Lucie,  and  had  livery 
of  the  whole  barony  in  1208;  she  therefore  claimed  all  the 
Cornish  lands  of  her  second  cousin,  Geoffrey,  as  "  of  the  honour 
of  Lucie,"  and  King  John  handed  them  over  to  William  de 
Briwere,  as  the  said  Rohesia's  devisee,  in  1215. 

Geoffrey  de  Lucie,  of  Newington,  survived  until  1252.  His 
son  of  the  same  name  was  summoned  to  Parliament  in  4Oth 
Henry  III.,  and  died  in  1283,  when  he  was  succeeded  by  another 
Geoffrey,  aged  21,  1287,  who  received  his  summons  in  1296,  and 
was  the  last  Parliamentary  Baron  of  this  branch  of  the  family. 
His  father,  the  Lord  Geoffrey,  had  acquired  the  manor  of  Kings- 
Nympton,  in  Devonshire,  by  the  gift  of  Roger  Le  Zouch,  and 
his  posterity  there,  down  to  the  reign  of  Henry  V.,  were 
known  as  "  De  Cornwall."  The  last  of  them,  Sir  "  John  de 
Cornwall,"  died  between  1415-1422,  and  was  the  son  of  Sir 
Bryan,  whose  father,  Geoffrey  de  Cornwall,  was  a  minor,  and  in 
the  guardianship  of  Ingelram  de  Courcy,  at  the  death  of  his 
father,  who  was  also  called  Geoffrey,  c.  1367.  The  family  bore 

*  He  witnessed  a  deed  for  Richard  de  Grenvile  of  Stowe  and  Bideford,  r.  1202. 


346  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

the  well-known  "canting"  armorials,  gules,  three  pikes  hauriant, 
argent;  these  fish  were  termed  "lucies"  in  early  heraldry,  from 
the  Graeco-Latin  word  "  lucius,"  a  term  applied  to  the  pike  or 
jack,  because  it  was  looked  upon  as  the  wolf  of  the  river. 

The  Lucys  of  Charlecote,  Co.  Warwick,  are  the  descendants 
of  the  Norman  "  Gilbert  de  Ghent,"  who,  after  six  descents 
in  various  surnames,  for  some  reason  which  has  never  been 
satisfactorily  explained,  suddenly  assumed  the  name  of  "Lucy" 
in  the  reign  of  King  John.  Sir  Thomas  Lucy  of  Charlecote 
was  satirised  by  Shakespeare  in  the  character  of  "Justice 
Shallow." 

During  the  end  of  the  thirteenth  and  commencement  of 
the  fourteenth  centuries  the  descendants  of  the  great  Norman 
houses  began  very  commonly  to  Anglicise  their  continental 
patronymics,  thus  "  De  Calvo  Monte  "  became  Chammond,  "  De 
Campo  Arnulphi "  Champernowne,  "  De  Bosco"  Boyes,  or 
Wood,  "  De  Lupo"  Wolf,  and  "De  Lucie"  Pyke,  and  as  Pyke 
or  Pike  the  name  is  still  extant,  and  has  been  always  frequent 
in  the  neighbourhood,  both  of  Kings-Nympton  and  Widworthy. 
Henry  Pike  was  Sub-Dean  of  Exeter,  in  1350,  and  the  Pyke's 
gave  name  to  Pyke's  Ham  and  Pyke's  Ash  in  the  adjoining 
county  of  Somerset. 

There  have  been  numerous  branches  of  the  family  in  the 
course  of  long  ages  ;  one  of  these  terminated  with  co-heirs  at 
the  time  when  Alice  Luce  married  Simon  Cole  of  Slade,  who 
died  in  1497. 

The  head  of  another  branch  married  the  fourth  co-heir  of  the 
great  house  of  Valletort  of  North  Tawton,  and  there  was  a 
subsequent  marriage  with  a  co-heir  of  Crewys  of  Netherex  in 
the  persons  of  Richard  Lucy  and  Nichola,  eldest  daughter  of 
William,  the  descendant  of  Sir  Richard  Crewys,  who  resided 
there  in  1233,  and  was  the  second  son  of  Richard  Crewys  of 
Cruse  Morchard.  George  Pyke,  in  1687,  married  again  into 
this  very  ancient  family  ;  his  wife  was  Anne,  daughter  of  John 
Crewys,  great-grandson  of  John  Crewys,  by  Anne,  daughter 
of  Humphry  Keynes. 

Their  son  and  heir  Humphry  Pyke,  owner  of  Nethercott,  in 
the  parish  of  Braunton,  and  co-patron  of  the  vicarage  of  Chew- 
Magna,  Co.  Somerset,  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  and  heir  of 


.       DEVONSHIRE     IV ILLS.  347 

Robert  Isaac  of  Westdown,  by  his  wife  Elizabeth,  daughter  and 
heir  of  Arthur  Ellis  of  Herne  ;  she  was  buried  at  Tawstock 
nth  April,  1675. 

The  said  Arthur  Ellis  was  maternally  the  grandson  of  Ann, 
daughter  of  Dr.  Sutcliffe,  Dean  of  Exeter,  wife  of  Richard 
Hals  of  Kenedon,  who  was  descended,  through  Fortescue, 
Speccott,  Grenvile,  Gorges,  and  Hankford,  from  Thomasine, 
daughter  and  heir  of  Sir  Richard  Stapeldon,  grand  niece  of 
Walter  Stapeldon,  Bishop  of  Exeter,  Lord  Treasurer  of  Eng- 
land, and  the  munificent  founder  of  Exeter  College,  Oxford, 
who  fell  a  victim  to  the  fury  of  a  London  mob  on  Tuesday, 
1 5th  October,  1326.  (See  my  Stapeldon,  pp.  10,  u.  See 
also  Stapeldon,  a  Tragedy,  J.  N.  Pyke-Nott,  Act  v.,  scene  6, 
pp.  87  et  seq.} 

Through  this  marriage  the  Py-kes,  whose  pedigree  is  recorded 
at  the  College  of  Arms,  have,  through  the  Grenviles,  a  descent 
from  the  Dukes  of  Normandy.  In  right  of  Robert  Isaac, 
whose  grandmother  was  Grace,  daughter  and  co-heir  of 
Richard  Roberts  of  Combmartin,  they  inherited  a  moiety  of 
that  manor,  once,  as  already  mentioned,  famous  for  its  silver 
mines,  which  were  first  worked  in  the  reign  of  Edward  I.,  and 
successful!)'  in  that  of  Elizabeth,  at  which  latter  period  a  large 
cup  was  made  by  order  of  Sir  Beavis  Bulmer,  who  then  had 
a  lease  of  the  property,  and  was  presented  with  a  suitable 
inscription  to  the  Corporation  of  London. 

Humphry  Pyke  of  Nethercott  and  his  wife,  Elizabeth  Isaac, 
were  the  great-grandparents  of  the  Rev.  John  Pyke,  who  was 
born  in  1798,  and  was  lord  of  the  Manor  of  Parracombe,  six  miles 
distant  from  Combmartin,  and  patron  of  his  own  rectory.  He 
married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  Nott  of  Bydown,  in  the 
parish  of  Swimbridge,  and  co-heir  to  her  brother  John  Nott  of 
Bydown,  who  died  in  1858.  They  were  the  parents  of  the 
present  owner  of  Bydown  and  Parracombe,  John  Nott  Pyke- 
Nott,  who  assumed  the  latter  name,  in  addition  to  that  of  Pyke, 
by  Royal  license  ist  September,  1863,  and  married,  in  1867, 
Caroline  Isabella,  daughter  of  Frederick  Ward  of  Gilhead, 
Co.  Westmorland,  by  whom  he  has,  with  other  issue,  John 
Moels  Pyke-Nott,  first  son  and  heir,  who  was  born  3rd  February, 
1868. 


348  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS 

The  Pykes  at  one  time  owned  the  manor  of  Bowrings-Leigh, 
in  the  parish  of  West  Alvington,  acquired  by  marriage  with 
Bowring  about  the  year  1463,  but  they  sold  it  in  the  seventeenth 
century,  and  it  has  been  of  late  years  the  property  of  the 
Ilberts. 

Arms  of  Pyke  of  Parracombe. — Quarterly  or  and  gules,  on  a 
chevron,  barry  wavy  of  four  arg.  and  azure,  between  two  trefoils 
in  chief  and  another  in  base,  counterchanged,  a  lucy  naiant  ppr. 

Crest. — On  a  mount  vert,  a  demi  lucy  hauriant  ppr,  between 
two  wings,  gules,  each  charged  with  a  trefoil,  or. 


NOTT  OF  BYDOWN  AND  PARRACOMBE. 

The  Notts  derive  their  name  from  their  early  settlement 
upon  the  Saxon  Manor  of  "  Noteswrde "  (the  neat  or  compact 
enclosure),  now  known  as  Notsworthy,  or  more  commonly, 
and  incorrectly,  as  Natsworthy,  in  the  parish  of  Widecombe- 
in-the-Moor. 

This  property,  which  in  the  Confessor's  reign  belonged  to 
"  Edward,"  was  given  by  Norman  William  to  his  uterine  brother, 
the  powerful  Earl  of  Cornwall,  described  in  Domesday  as 
"  Robert,  Earl  of  Mortain,"  and  who  was,  with  Odo  Earl  of 
Kent,  one  of  the  two  sons  of  Harlowen  de  Conteville,  or  De 
Burge,  by  his  marriage  with  Harlotta. 

Under  Earl  Robert,  Notsworthy  was  held,  in  1086,  by 
Richard  Fitz-Turolf,  and  was  then  taxed  for  "a  ferling  of 
land,"  sufficient  for  two  ploughs,  in  addition  to  five  acres  of 
pasture  and  six  of  c6ppice  wood.  Resident  upon  it  were  two 
villeins  or  farmers,  as  many  cottagers,  and  one  serf. 

There  is  the  strongest  probability  that  the  descendants  of 
Fitz-Turolf  took  name  from  their  residence,  and  that  one  of 
them,  William  of  Notsworthy,  was  identical  with  the  "William 
Notte "  mentioned  in  Camden's  list  as  one  of  the  thirty-six 
principal  officers  who  served  in  the  Irish  expedition  of  the  year 
1169  under  Richard  Earl  of  Pembroke,  as  all  these  adventurers 
belonged  to  the  noblest  Norman  houses,  and  many  of  them, 
such  as  the  Fitz-Stephens,  Cogans,  and  Bohuns,  were  also 
Devonshire  landowners. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  349 

The  descendants  of  William  de  Notsworthy  subsequently 
migrated  to  other  parts  of  the  county  of  Devon,  one  of  them, 
John  "  Node,"  was  a  Fellow  of  Stapeldon  Hall,  Oxford  (now 
Exeter  College),  between  1382-1388,  whilst  others  of  his  name 
and  kindred  were  considerable  landowners  at  East  Budleigh, 
and  were  benefactors  to  that  parish,  as  shown  by  the  deed  of 
Ralph  Node  and  Margaret  his  wife,  dated  December  8th,  1441, 
and  although  their  benefaction  has  become  somewhat  involved 
in  obscurity,  it  very  possibly  originated  the  foundation  of  the 
"Church  house"  at  Budleigh,  as  to  the  history  of  which  the 
Charity  Commissioners  have  been  unable  to  recover  the  par- 
ticulars. 

There  is  a  tradition  at  Budleigh  that  Ralph  Node  met  his 
death  by  attempting  to  fly  from  the  summit  of  the  church 
tower  with  the  assistance  of  an  unsatisfactory  mechanical  con- 
trivance of  his  own  invention  ;  he  seems  to  have  been  buried 
under  a  flat  coffin-shaped  stone,  the  Latin  inscription  upon 
which,  "  Pray  for  the  soul  of  Ralph  Node,"  has  been  recorded 
by  Risdon  and  his  contemporary  writers  of  the  seventeenth 
century,  but  has  now  become  obliterated. 

The  Notts  of  Bydown,  in  the  parish  of  Swimbridge,  have  been 
settled  there  and  in  that  neighbourhood  for  very  many  cen- 
turies ;  they  had  also  property  at  Irishcombe,  an  outlying 
portion  of  the  parish  of  Lapford,  which,  however,  was  sold, 
some  years  since,  to  the  Lanes,  and  subsequently  to  Sir  R.  G. 
Keats.  In  1524,  John  Nott  of  Swimbridge  was  a  party,  with 
his  son  John  Nott  the  younger,  to  a  fresh  trust  deed  of  the 
parish  lands  ;  a  little  earlier  James,  son  of  John  Nott,  had 
married  Cicely,  called  "  Syffrels "  in  the  Visitation  record, 
daughter  of  John  Bonville  (a  natural  son  of  Lord  Bonville), 
by  the  eldest  daughter  and  co-heir  of  John  Denis  of  Comb- 
Ralegh,  and  the  daughter  and  heir  of  St.  Albyn.  Cicely 
Bonville  had  been  first  the  wife  of  Morys  More  of  Morehayes, 
in  the  parish  of  Cullompton,  by  whom  she  had  sons,  Humphry 
and  Christopher,  and  a  daughter  Elizabeth  ;  she  was  left  a 
widow  in  the  year  1500,  and  then  married  Thomas  Wyvell,  so 
that  James  Nott  was  her  third  husband  ;  she  inherited  property 
at  Comb-Martin,  once  famed  for  its  silver  mines,  a  portion  of 
which,  by  virtue  of  subsequent  marriages,  ultimately  descended 


350  DE  VONSH1RE     WILLS, 

to  the  Pykes  (see  the  preceding  genealogy),  and  still  belongs  to 
Mr.  John  Nott  Pyke-Nott  of  Bydown.  John  Nott,  who  appears 
to  have  been  the  great-great-grandson  of  James  Nott  and  Cicely 
Bonville,  was  of  Cobbaton,  in  the  parish  of  Svvimbridge,  and 
added  Uppacott  to  his  ancestral  acres  in  1587  ;  by  his  wife  Joan 
Lewes  he  was  the  father  of  William  Nott  of  Cobbaton,  whose 
descent  is  duly  recorded  at  the  College  of  Arms,  and  who 
married  Ellinor,  daughter  of  John  Berry  of  Chittlehampton,  of 
the  ancient  house  of  Berrynarber.  She  was  the  sister  of  Dr 
John  Berry,  Canon  of  Exeter,  and  Vicar  of  Heavitree,  and  the 
aunt  of  Colonel  John  Berry,  a  celebrated  Parliamentary  officer 
in  the  West. 

John,  son  and  heir  of  William  Nott  and  Eleanor  Berry, 
married  Mary  Bellew  of  Yarnscombe,  marriage  settlement 
dated  1644,  descended  from  Patrick  Bellew  of  Alverdiscott 
and  his  wife  Anne  Dennis  of  Orleigh,  tenth  in  direct  descent 
from  Roger  Bellew  of  Bellewstone,  in  the  parish  of  Devildike, 
Co.  Meath,  the  common  ancestor  of  the  Lords  Bellew,  of 
the  Bellew  baronets  of  the  sister  kingdom,  and  of  the  Bellews 
of  Stockleigh  Court,  Co.  Devon,  and  descended,  maternally,  from 
Archibald  Flemyng,  Baron  of  Slane,  whose  arms  the  Bellews 
quarter. 

The  issue  of  this  marriage  was  William  Nott,  son  and  heir 
of  Cobbaton,  whose  wife  Mary,  eventual  co-heir  of  James 
Harvey,  brought  him  a  son  John  Nott  of  Cobbaton,  whose 
memorial  inscription  in  Swymbridge  Church  gives  the  date  of 
his  death  pth  May,  1756. 

He  had  married,  in  1711,  Agnes,  the  only  daughter  and  sole 
heir  of  John  Hamond  of  Okewill,  grandson  of  Hugh  Hamond 
of  East  Downe,  by  his  marriage  with  Jane,  youngest  of  the  six 
children,  but,  nevertheless,  eventual  heir  of  William,  third  son 
of  Philip  Wyatt,  Steward  and  Town  Clerk  of  Barnstaple,  and 
brother  of  Hugh  Wyatt,  the  husband  of  Lady  Mary  Bourchier, 
and  of  Thomas  Wyatt,  whose  wife  Margaret,  widow  of  Richard 
Inglett,  was  an  aunt,  paternally,  of  Tristram  Risdon,  the  Devon- 
shire antiquary. 

The  son  of  this  marriage,  James  Nott,  who  was  buried  in 
1790,  at  Swymbridge,  married  at  Tawstock,  in  1762,  Emma, 
daughter  of  John  Mules,  the  descendant  of  Roger  Moels,  of  the 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  351 

Ernsborough  branch  of  the  great  baronial  house  of  Moels  or 
Mules,  of  which  Nicholas  Lord  Mules  was  Governor  of  Gascony 
and  Guienne,  and  captured  the  King  of  Navarre,  for  which 
service  Henry  III.  gave  him  the  west  country  manor  of  King's 
Cars  well.  (See  my  Devonshire  Parishes^  vol.  ii.,  p.  372.) 

James  Nott  and  Emma  Mules  were  the  parents  of  John 
Nott  of  Bydown,  in  Swymbridge,  who  by  his  wife  Susannah, 
only  daughter  and  heir  of  Richard  Norris  of  Southmolton,  had  a 
son  James,  who  died  childless,  and  a  son  John,  who  succeeded  to 
Bydown,  was  a  justice  of  the  peace  for  the  county  of  Devon, 
and  died  without  issue  in  1855,  when  his  sisters  Elizabeth  and 
Marianne  became  his  co-heirs.  The  former  married,  in  1838, 
the  Rev.  John  Pyke,  M.A.  and  J.P.,  of  whose  ancestry  I  have 
already  treated,  and  whose  eldest  and  only  surviving  son  John 
Nott  Pyke-Nott  is  the  present  owner  of  Bydown. 

Mr.  Pyke-Nott,  who  was  born  in  1841,  and  was  educated  at 
Winchester  and  Exeter  College,  Oxford,  assumed  the  arms  of 
Nott  in  preferential  addition  to  those  of  Pyke  (together  with 
the  name  of  Nott),  by  Royal  license,  at  the  date  already  men- 
tioned, ist  Sept.,  1863. 

Arms  of  Nott. — Gules,  on  a  bend  engrailed,  of,  between  four 
leopards'  faces,  arg.,  an  estoile  of  eight  points  between  two 
martlets  of  the  first. 

Crest. — Two  mascles  interlaced,  in  fess,  or,  thereon  a  martlet, 
gules,  ducally  gorged  of  the  first,  in  the  beak  a  sprig  of  laurel, 
ppr. 


THE    HOUSE    OF    BRITO. 

It  is  shown  by  the  Devonshire  "Domesday"  that,  at  the 
completion  of  the  Conqueror's  survey  in  the  year  1086,  the 
land  in  Devonshire  had  become  divided  into  one  thousand  one 
hundred  and  twelve  manors  of  varied  extent  and  importance. 
Seventy-eight  of  these,  inclusive  of  the  seats  of  the  subsequent 
important  baronies  known  as  Plympton,  Barnstaple,  and  Tor- 
rington,  were  then  held  by  the  king  in  demesne ;  the  Baron  of 
Totnes,  who  was  probably  a  "  Brito,"  together  with  the  Lords 
of  Darlington,  Bradninch,  Bampton,  Harberton,  and  Berry, 


352  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

owned  four  hundred  and  thirty-three  between  them.  (Valletort 
of  "  Herberneforde,"  by  the  way,  is  incorrectly  said  by  Lysons, 
who  has  also  wrongly  identified  the  propeity,  to  have  been 
"sub-tenant"  there  to  the  Earl  of  Mortain,  and  the  Barony  of 
Harberton  was  ultimately  annexed  to  that  of  Berry.)  The  said 
Earl  of  Mortain,  as  William's  half  brother,  naturally  acquired 
a  somewhat  undue  proportion  of  the  soil  here  as  elsewhere  ; 
he  had  eighty-two,  the  Norman  warrior  Bishop  of  Coutance 
ninety-one,  and  Hugh  de  Abrincis,  "  Lupus,"  Earl  of  Chester, 
four,  of  these  Devonshire  manors.  The  Barony  of  the  Bishopric 
of  Exeter,  then  held  by  Osbern  Britt  or  Britolio,  absorbed 
twenty-four  more,  that  of  Galfred,  Abbot  of  Tavistock.  fourteen. 

The  Church  in  Devonshire,  as  well  as  in  several  other 
counties,  and  in  Normandy,  had  become  possessed  of  twenty- 
seven,  the  king's  clerks  and  his  domestic  chaplain,  "  Gerald,"  of 
five,  and  his  majesty's  servants  had  been  "  gratified "  with 
sixteen. 

As  "  a  sop  to  Cerberus,"  a  very  few  of  the  noblest  and  most 
influential  Saxons  had  been  permitted  to  share  in  the  common 
plunder,  or  to  retain  possession  of  fifty-one  of  their  ancient 
heritages,  by  their  unscrupulous  conqueror.  Thus  two  hundred 
and  eighty-seven  valuable  properties  had  been  left  open  for 
distribution  amongst  others  of  the  leading  Normans,  and  three 
alone  of  these,  alike  described  as  "  Brito,"  and  between  whom 
there  was  an  evident  and  intimate  connection,  and,  indeed,  very 
probably  a  close  relationship,  divided  no  less  than  fifty- six 
"  lordships,"  besides  being  the  virtual  owners  of  many  more, 
as  sub-tenants  to  the  puissant  Robert  of  Mortain. 

The  Britos  doubtless  derived  their  distinctive  surname  from 
their  native  province,  and,  under  Alan  Fitz-Hoel,  'Fergant,"  Earl 
of  Bretagne  and  Richmond,  flocked  to  the  standard  of  Duke  Wil- 
liam, and  assisted  him  in  his  invasion  of  England.  Hence  it  is 
that  there  are  many  "  Britons,  Brutons,  Le  Bretons,  Brutaynes, 
and  Bruttons,"  to  be  found  in  different  parts  of  the  country, 
who  may  be  possibly  unrelated  to  their  Devonshire  namesakes, 
or  to  each  other,  yet  are,  nevertheless,  of  kindred  origin.  But 
there  were  only  six  "  Britos,"  positively  so  styled,  who  were 
"tenants  in  chief"  at  the  period  to  which  I  am  referring,  viz., 
"Oger,"  "Waldin,"  "  Mannus "  or  "  Morinus,"  Alured,  Ansger, 


DE  VOSSH1RR     WILLS.  353 

and  Goscelmus  or  Jocelyn,  and  all,  save  the  first,  were  then 
Devonshire  landowners,  and  their  common  name  is  still  in- 
timately associated  with  this  and  the  adjacent  counties. 

"  Maigno,"  "  Mannus,"  or  "  Morinus  "  Brito,  whose  lands  here 
are  entered  as  those  of  "a  free  knight,"  was  tenant  in  capite  of 
the  manor  of  "Linor"  (Lyneham  in  Yealmpton),  of  Stottis- 
combe,  in  the  same  hundred,  to  which  I  shall  presently  refer 
again,  and  of  Culbeer  and  Wilmington,  in  the  parish  of  Ofifwell, 
near  Honiton.  The  last  three  were  held  by  him  as  sub-tenant 
to  Baldwin  de  Brion,  the  Conqueror's  nephew  by  marriage,  and 
nearly  of  kin  to  him  by  blood  ;  he  also  held  land  directly  from 
the  Crown  in  Hertford,  Northampton,  and  Leicester. 

Waldin  Brito,  who  was  a  tenant  in  chief  in  county  Lincoln, 
held  the  Devonshire  manors  of  Cary  and  Medland  under  Juhel 
(Brito  ?)  Baron  of  Totnes. 

Goscelmus,  or  Jocelyn,  Brito  had  twenty-seven  manors  in 
Devonshire  as  tenant  in  capite,  and  held  similarly  from  the 
Crown,  in  the  counties  of  Gloucester,  Bedford,  and  Bucks. 

The  chief  seat  of  his  Devonshire  property  was  at  Halwell,  in 
the  parish  of  Brixton;  he  had  a  son  Richard,  who  styled  himself 
"  Richard  de  Halwell,"  and  who  conveyed  to  the  monks  of 
Plympton  his  manor  of  Wembury  (one  of  the  "  twenty-seven  " 
above  mentioned),  as  shown  by  the  confirmation  charter  of  King 
Henry  II.  to  that  Priory.  The  grandson  of  this  Richard 
was  evidently  "  Sir  Richard  Brito,  Knt .,"  whose  name  is  found, 
amongst  the  Pole  "evidences,"  as  a  considerable  landowner  in 
the  county  in  the  reign  of  Henry  II.  (1154-1189),  and  whose 
brother  (Edmund  ?)  probably  continued  the  male  line,  but  from 
this  period  the  name  of  Brito  was  abandoned  for  several  genera- 
tions, and  the  family  most  certainly  assumed  that  of  "  Halwell." 
Soon  afterward  'Martin  de  Halwell"  was  seised  of  the  manor 
of  <l  Stottiscombe,"  which,  according  to  the  survey  of  1086, 
was  then  held  by  "  Morinus "  Brito,  under  Baldwin  de  Brion, 
and  which  points,  I  think  clearly,  to  a  relationship  between 
Morinus  and  Jocelyn,  or  else  to  a  subsequent  matrimonial 
alliance  between  the  two  families  of  Halwell  and  Stottiscombe. 

The  latter  manor  is  on  the  border  line,  between  the  parishes 
of  Wembury  and   Plymstock,  and  after  several  descents  the  "de 
Ilalwells"  of   Stottiscombe    re-assumed    the    name  of   Brito  or 
24 


354  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Britt,  and  became  also  the  owners  of  the  manor  of  "  Widefelle  " 
(Walreddon),  and  also  of  "  Brucheswrde  "  (Britsworthy),  both  in 
the  parish  of  Whitchurch,  near  Tavistock,  and  which  had  been 
held  under  Mortain,  the  one  by  Alured,  the  other  by  Ansger  Brito ; 
so  that  certain  land  which  had  been  owned  here  by  four  of  these 
"  Britos "  respectively  ultimately  became  centred  in  the  family 
of  Britt  or  Britun  of  Stottiscombe,  six  of  whom  were  succes- 
sively called  "  Guy  de  Britt,"  and  bore  for  arms,  sable,  a  fess, 
arg.)  between  three  escallops,  or  (the  tinctures  are  found  occa- 
sionally varied). 

Guy  "Bretun"  was  dead  before  1348,  in  which  year  his  son 
"  Ralph  de  Britt  of  Stottiscombe  "  was  Sheriff  of  Devon.  Robert 
"  Britt "  of  Stottiscombe,  "  son,"  or  more  probably  grandson,  of 
the  said  Ralph,  and  who  is  said  in  the  Wise  pedigrees  to  have 
been  "eleventh  in  descent  from  Alured  Brito,"  had  an  only  child, 
Margaret,  who  married  Thomas  Wise  of  Sydenham  (see  Wise 
of  Sydenham  ante]  during  the  first  quarter  of  the  fifteenth  century, 
and  through  her  the  Wises  became  the  owners  of  Halwell  and 
Stottiscombe,  as  also  of  much  property  at  Stoke  Damarell, 
where  they  built  Mount  Wise,  and  in  other  parts  of  Devonshire. 
Tims  the  elder  male  line  of  Britt  of  Stottiscombe  became  ex- 
tinct some  time  prior  to  the  year  1435. 

"  Richard  Brito,"  hitherto  presumed  to  have  been  a  descendant 
of  "  Ansger,"  and  a  son  of  Simon  Brito,  is  said  to  have  been 
identical  with  the  third  of  the  four  murderers  of  Thomas  a 
Becker. 

There  has  been  always  some  doubt  as  to  the  exact  connection 
of  this  "  Richard  "  with  the  Britos  of  the  West  of  England  from 
the  complete  absence  of  any  contemporary  confirmation  of  his 
traditional  origin. 

It  is  shown,  by  the  De  Banco  Rolls,  that,  as  a  descendant  of 
"Ansger,"  through  "Simon  Brito,"  an  ancestor  of  the  Bretts  of 
Sandford  Brett,  "  Sir  Richard  "  must  have  been  great-grandson 
of  Adam,  younger  brother  of  Walter  Brito  of  Odecumbe,  who 
was  third  in  descent  from  the  said  Ansger  ;  but,  although  there 
are  several  pedigrees  of  these  Britos  entered  on  the  De  Banco 
Rolls,  on  which  there  are  to  be  found  three  "  Simons  "  in  succes- 
sion, there  is  no  mention  of  any  "  Richard."  I  find  notice  of  an 
"  Edmund,"  the  name  of  Sir  Richard  Brito's  brother,  but  this 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  355 

"  Edmund  de  Sandford  "  was  the  half-uncle  of  the  first  Simon 
in  the  pedigree  by  the  second  marriage  of  his  grandmother, 
"  Alice." 

Yet,  as  I  have  shown  above,  there  actually  was  a  Sir  Richard 
Brito,  Kt.,  of  Devon,  in  the  reign  of  Henry  II.,  and  the  facts— 
that  the  Britos  of  Holvvell  subsequently  repudiated  that  name 
for  several  generations,  and  adopted  coat  armour,  as  already 
blazoned,  of  a  very  suggestive  character,  and  perfectly  different 
from  the  bearings  of  other  branches  of  the  family — point  strongly 
to  the  identity  of  this  Sir  Richard  with  the  actor  in  the  Becket 
tragedy.*  Sir  Richard  Brito  was  a  favourite  at  Court,  and  one 
of  the  gentlemen-in-waiting  on  his  Royal  master. 

I  need  not  enter  upon  the  details  of  the  murder,  with 
which  most  of  my  readers  are  conversant,  and  which  I  have 
already  dealt  with  elsewhere,  suffice  it  that  Brito  appears  to 
have  inflicted  the  final  blow,  which  severed  the  scalp  from  the 
skull,  and  "his  sword  snapped  in  two  on  the  marble  pavement 
of  the  desecrated  church,"  in  which  its  fragments  were  afterward 
long  preserved. 

The  Archbishop  thus  met  his  memorable  death  on  December 
29th,  1170.  Brito  was  one  of  the  three  who  fled  to  Rome  to 
"  receive  the  sentence  of  the  Pope,"  and  is  said,  after  three 
adventurous  years  in  the  Holy  Land,  to  have  been  buried 
outside  the  church  of  the  holy  sepulchre  at  Jerusalem. 

The  escallops  in  the  arms  of  the  Britts  of  Holwell,  Stottis- 
combe,  and  Stoke  Damarell,  now  quartered  by  Major  Ayshford 
Wise  of  Clayton,  point,  conclusively  I  think,  to  Sir  Richard's 
crime,  and  consequent  pilgrimage,  undertaken  by  Papal  order  in 
its  expiation  ;  it  is  said  that,  although  the  male  line  was  con- 
tinued by  his  brother  Edmund,  Sir  Richard  left  a  daughter, 
Maud,  whose  daughter  Alice  was  a  benefactress  to  Wood- 
spiing  Priory,  Somersetshire,  which  had  been  founded  in  memory 
of  the  murder  by  William  de  Courtenay  in  1210. 

Collinson,  "  History  of  Somerset,"  asserts  the  parentage  of 
"Maud  and  Alice,"  apparently  in  reliance  upon  the  "hope," 
expressed  by  the  latter,  "  that  the  intercession  of  the  glorious 


*  Jocelyn  hrito  of  Holwell,  Co.   Devon,    1086,  father  of  Richard,  father  of  Simon, 
fnthrr  of  :?ir  Richard   Hrito,  1170. 


356  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

martyr  might  never  be  wanting  to  her  and  her  children  ;"  it  is, 
however,  noteworthy  that  there  happens  to  have  been  a  contem- 
porary "Alice  Brito,"  daughter  of  Walter  of  Odecumbe,  one 
of  the  three  sons  of  Walter  Fitz-Ansger,  and  an  elder  brother 
of  Adam  Brito.  This  Alice  was  the  mother  of  Richard  de 
Hestercumbe,  whose  descendants  bore  the  maternal  name,  for 
"  Stephen  le  Bret,"  as  the  descendant  of  the  said  Alice,  was 
shown  to  be  heir-at-law  to  the  reversion  of  Odecumbe,  etc., 
which  had  then  been  alienated  to  the  Brewers,  by  an  "  Inq. 
pm."  49th  Henry  III.,  1266. 

William  Brito,  the  third  brother  of  Walter  Brito  of  Odecumbe, 
as  a  younger  son,  inherited  some  property  in  Dorsetshire  known 
as  "  Sidling,"  and  land  under  the  same  name  in  the  latter  county 
had  been  held  by  Ansger  de  Montacute  under  Mortain. 
William  Brito  of  "  Sidling "  appears  to  have  inherited  that 
property  as  "  son  and  heir  of  William  "  in  1 166,  and  in  that 
same  year  we  find  "Simon  Brito"  holding  a  half  knight's  fee 
in  Somersetshire  under  William  Mohun.  All  writers  have  agreed 
that  Richard  Brito  was  "  son  of  a  father  called  Simon,"  and 
the  connection  between  the  Dorsetshire  branch  and  this  latter 
Simon  is  proved  by  the  fact  that  in  9th  Richard  I.,  1198, 
Henry  le  Bret  admitted  a  liability  of  £$  with  respect  to  a 
knight's  fee  in  Maperton  against  "  Simon  le  Bret;"  so  that  "Sir 
Richard  Brito"  must  have  been  actually  of  the  same  genera- 
tion as  the  said  "  Simon,"  his  hitherto  reputed  father. 

Alured  Brito,  who  is  described  also  as  Alured  "  Pincerna,"  and 
also  as  Alured  "  de  Montacute,"  held  property  in  Devon,  Corn- 
wall, and  Somerset,  and  was,  presumably,  the  ancestor  of  the 
Cornish  Britos,  and  of  one  or  more  of  the  Devonshire  branches 
of  the  family  as  well,  particularly  of  those  long  seated  at  Mor- 
thoe,  Alwington,  Parkham,  and  High  Bickington  ;  but  the  chief 
seat  of  his  barony  appears  to  have  been  fixed  at  Chiselborough, 
in  Somerset,  where  his  descendants,  under  the  name  of  "  Mon- 
tacute," flourished  until  the  thirteenth  century.  Richard  "  Pin- 
cerna," who  was  probably  his  eldest  son,  was  one  of  the  earliest 
benefactors  to  the  monks  of  Plympton,  like  his  kinsman,"  Richard 
de  Holwell,"  as  shown  by  their  confirmation  charter  already 
mentioned. 

Alured    Brito   "  de   Montacute "  appears    to  have  been  of  the 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  357 

household  of  Robert  of  Mortain,  and  to  have  there  occupied  the 
position  of  chief  butler  ;  he  was  the  sub-tenant,  under  the  Earl, 
of  ten  Devonshire  and  of  seven  Cornish  manors,  besides  which 
he  was  tenant-in-chief  of  no  less  than  twenty-two  manors  in  this 
county.  He  may  also  have  been  identical  with  that  "Bretellus" 
who  was  the  practical  owner  of  the  large  manor  of  Colebrook 
under  Mortain,  and  he  was  certainly  so  with  "Alvidus  Brito," 
the  sub-tenant,  under  Ruald  Adobat,  of  the  manor  of  Pains- 
ton,  which  is  situated  in  the  same  parish. 

As  I  have  said  above,  he  owned  the  manor  of  "  Widefelle," 
now  Walreddon,  which  subsequently  went  to  the  Britts  of 
Stottiscombe,  and,  after  several  changes  of  ownership,  has  now 
long  been  held  by  the  Powderham  branch  of  the  Courtenays  ; 
and  it  is  particularly  noteworthy  that  he  was  the  tenant-in- 
chief  of  the  very  important  manor  of  Wolborough,  which  even- 
tually passed  by  sale  to  the  Brewers,  and  formed  a  portion 
of  the  endowment  of  Tor  Abbey. 

And  in  connection  with  Brewer  it  should  also  be  noted  that 
Alured  Pincerna  held,  under  Mortain,  the  manor  of  Dunkeswell, 
"  Donewoldham,"  and  another  estate  adjacent  to  it,  known  as 
"  Wifleurde "  (Walford),  in  demesne.  Both  these  properties 
afterward  went  to  a  certain  "  William "  (who  may  have  been 
identical  with  the  "  William,"  ancestor  of  Wydo  Brito,  who  was  a 
sub-tenant  of  ludhel  de  Totnes,  sec  post},  and  whose  descendant, 
Henry  Fitz-William,  alienated  both  Dunkeswell  and  Walford  to 
William  Brewer  to  pay  off  a  mortgage  in  security  for  money 
borrowed  from  one  "  Amades,"  a  Jew.  Brewer,  with  the  consent 
of  King  John,  as  shown  by  that  Monarch's  deed  of  confirmation, 
gave  both  the  properties  to  the  Abbey  of  Dunkeswell  in  1201. 
Walford,  now  within  Dunkeswell,  was  long  a  separate  parish, 
and  known  as  "  Walford  Church." 

I  now  come  to  Ansger  Brito,  also  called  "  de  Montacute,"  and 
as  frequently  "  de  Senarpont,"  who  was  a  very  large  landowner 
under  Mortain,  both  in  Somerset  and  Dorset.  In  this  county, 
of  which  I  treat  more  particularly,  he  held  six  principal  manors 
in  chief — four  under  the  Earl  of  Mortain,  and  twelve  more  as 
sub-tenant  to  Baldwin  de  Brion,  the  "sheriff."  One  of  his 
estates,  Brittsworthy,  as  already  stated,  subsequently  became 
the  property  of  the  Stottiscombe  family,  and  passed  with 


358  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

its  sole  heir  to  Wise.  His  son  Fulk,  "  Fitz-Ansgerii,"  was, 
like  "Richard  Pincerna"  and  Richard  de  Holwell,  one  of  the 
earliest  donors  to  the  Plympton  community. 

Ansger  Brito  was  the  founder  of  the  family  of  Brito  of 
Odecumbe,  in  Somerset,  which  was  the  seat  of  his  titular 
"  Barony  "  or  honour.  He  had  another  son,  Walter,  who  con- 
firmed his  father's  gifts  to  the  monks  of  Bermondsey,  and  the 
latter  was  the  father  of  Walter,  Roger,  Adam,  and  also  of 
William  Brito,  who  held  the  paternal  acres  at  Sidling,  and 
founded  the  Dorsetshire  branch  of  the  family,  as  already  men- 
tioned. 

In  the  25th  of  Henry  II.,  however,  the  honour  of  Ode- 
cumbe was  in  the  hands  of  the  Crown  ;  and,  although  it  was 
afterwards  temporarily  restored  to  the  Britos,  it  ultimately  passed 
to  the  Brewers,  as  did  Wolborough,  in  Devonshire,  to  which 
I  have  just  above  drawn  attention  as  having  been  originally  land 
of  Alured  Brito. 

It  is  shown  by  contemporary  records  that  William  Brewer's 
Devonshire  estates,  known  as  "  Bocland  (now  Buckland 
Brewer),  Puttsford,  Buckeford,  Sutton,  and  Uppecotte,"  were 
held  as  "of  the  honour  of  Odecumbe,"  in  Somerset,  and  the 
latter,  as  the  seat  of  Ansger  Brito's  Barony,  was  in  like  manner 
held  as  of  the  Earl  of  Mortain's  "  honour  of  Montacute,"  as 
was  Alured  Brito's  "  honour  of  Chiselborough,"  and  thus  the 
surname  of  "  Montacute,"  as  adopted  by  both  Ansger  and 
Alured  Brito,  is  to  be  readily  explained. 

According  to  the  Survey  of  1086,  Ansger  then  held  Susta- 
tone  (Sutton)  in  demesne — Bocland  under  Baldwin  de  Brion, 
Bocheforde  and  Poteforde  under  the  Earl  of  Mortain  ;  whilst 
Uppecotte  (in  Shebbear  hundred),  although  it  belonged  to 
Baldwin  de  Brion,  was  held  under  him  by  Motbert,  and  must 
have  been  subsequently  acquired  by  Ansger,  and,  with  the 
others,  annexed  to  his  honour  of  Odecumbe. 

Collins  and  others  have  supposed  Ansger  Brito,  alias  de 
Montacute,  to  have  been  a  brother  of  Drogo  de  Montacute,  the 
ancestor  of  the  Dukes  of  Montagu  and  other  illustrious  houses. 

It  is  certain  that  Drogo  de  Montacute  was  also  a  very 
important  unit  in  the  retinue  of  Robert,  Earl  of  Mortain,  and 
his  name  has  been  assumed,  I  think  hastily,  to  have  been  derived 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  359 

"from  the  town  of  Montagu,  in  Normandy";  it  is  certain,  how- 
ever, that  he  held  lands  similarly  under  Mortain  as  of  the 
"  honour  of  Montacute  "  in  Somerset,  and  that  he  was  identical 
with  that  "  Drogo "  who  was  the  Earl's  sub-tenant  of  several 
manors  in  Devonshire,  one  of  which,  viz.,  Feniton,  continued  in 
the  hands  of  his  descendants  for  many  generations,  as  proved 
by  contemporary  records. 

The  history  of  this  Somersetshire  "  Drogo "  prior  to  his 
arrival  in  England  has  never,  to  the  best  of  my  knowledge, 
even  been  suggested,  beyond  the  supposition  that  he  was  a 
native  of  Montagu,  in  Normandy,  which  does  not,  I  think,  follow 
his  appellation,  "  de  Montacute."  The  original  name  of  the 
place,  afterwards  so  called  in  Somerset,  was  "  Lutegarsbury  " 
(Lutegar's  Castle) ;  it  stood  within  the  manor  of  Bishopstone, 
which  Mortain  had  acquired  from  the  Church  in  exchange  for 
another  property  called  Caudel,  and  within  this  manor  of  Bishop- 
stone,  Drogo  held  a  single  hide  of  land  as  of  the  Castle  of 
Montacute,  so  called  by  Mortain  without  any  reference  to  the 
Norman  "  Montagu,"  but  simply  in  allusion  to  its  position  on 
the  top  of  a  steep  hill.  This  castle  then  formed  the  head  of  his 
honour,  and  from  it,  in  accordance  with  feudal  custom,  his 
numerous  sub-tenants  were  said  to  hold  their  lands  ;  hence  I 
should  suppose  the  name  of  Montacute  became  common  to 
Drogo,  to  Alured  Brito  the  butler,  and  to  his  relative  Ansger 
Brito,  de  Senarpont — a  fact  which,  taken  alone,  would  not 
necessarily  make  them  related  either  to  the  said  Drogo  de 
Montacute  or  to  each  other. 

There  was  a  "  Drogo "  who  held  seventy-three  manors  in 
Devonshire  under  Jeffrey,  Bishop  of  Coutance,  who  was  the 
ancestor  of  the  Cliffords,  Drews,  and  Bremridges,  and  whose 
descent  from  the  Dukes  of  Normandy  has  been  ascertained.  It 
is  evident  from  the  respective  pedigrees  that  this  Drogo  "  Fitz- 
Ponz,"  or  "  Fitz-Mauger,"  was  not  identical  with  "  Drogo  de 
Montacute"  ;  the  latter,  however,  held  the  manor  of  "  Wiborde," 
like  "  Finitone,"  under  Mortain  ;  and  within  "  Wiborde,"  since 
known  as  Oakford,  was  another  manor  called  "  Sprewe,"  also 
held  by  "  Drogo,"  but  under  the  Bishop  of  Coutance,  and 
which  gave  name  to  the  family  of  Spurway,  the  present  owners 
of  Oakford,  which,  however,  was  sold  by  the  Montacutes,  Earls 


360  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

of  Salisbury,  to  the  Pollards,  and  by  the  latter  to  the  Spurvvays 
of  Spurvvay,  who  are  quite  possibly  descended  from  Drogo  de 
Montacute. 

It  is  noteworthy  that  the  arms  of  the  D'Aubenys  and 
those  of  the  earlier  descendants  in  Somerset  of  Drogo  de 
Montacute  should  have  been  the  same  save  for  tincture.  I 
should  have  explained  this  as  merely  evidence  of  feudal  alliance, 
which  was,  I  think,  clearly  the  case  with  respect  to  the  coat 
armour  of  Brito  of  Odecumbe.  The  Montacutes  bore,  "  argent, 
five  fusils  in  fess,  gules  "  (although  in  later  times  two  of  these 
fusils  became  hidden  by  a  sable  bordure,  which  probably  was 
intended  to  mark  their  feudal  dependence  upon  Mortain's 
Cornish  Earldom),  whilst  D'Aubeny  (De  Albini)  bore,  "gules, 
five  fusils  in  fess,  argent."  Brito  of  Odecumbe  bore  quarterly, 
per  fess,  indented  argent  and  sable,  in  first  quarter  a  mullet  of 
the  last,  apparently  derived  from  De  Vere  ;  Jordan  le  Bret  held 
knights  fees  in  Northampton  under  Hugh,  Earl  of  Oxford, 
1234-1263,  as  shown  by  the  Testa  de  Nevil ;  whilst  Fitzwarine's 
coat,  now  quartered  by  Wrey  as  co-heir  to  their  barony,  is 
quarterly  per  fess  indented  argent  and  gules.  Walter,  son  of 
Ansger  Brito,  acknowledged  the  service  of  fifteen  knights,  whose 
names  have  been  preserved,  and  one  of  them,  who  held  two 
fees  of  the  honour  of  Odecumbe,  was  Alexander  Fitzvvarine. 

But  in  the  case  of  Montagu  I  think  that  it  permits  the  sug- 
gestion that  there  was  an  actual  relationship  between  Drogo  de 
Montacute  and  the  Britos. 

Robert  de  Todeni,  the  Norman  lord  of  Belvoir,  County 
Lincoln,  had  a  son  William,  who  fought  at  Tinchebray  in  1106, 
and  is  said  by  the  strength  of  his  single  arm  to  have  determined 
the  fate  of  that  day,  which  led  to  the  annexation  of  Normandy 
by  Henry  I.  to  the  prejudice  of  his  Royal  brother  Robert. 

This  William  was  certainly  a  very  liberal  benefactor  to  the 
monastery  of  St.  Alban,  and  is  said  to  have  at  last  professed  there 
as  a  monk,  and  to  have  been  known  as  William  de  Albini.  But 
there  was  another  William  de  Albini,  his  contemporary,  who 
was  the  King's  "Pincerna,"  an  office  held  by  Alured  Brito  in  the 
household  of  the  King's  half  brother,  and  this  William  "Pin- 
cerna "  was  the  ancestor  of  the  pseudo  de  Albini,  "  Earl  of 
Arundell." 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  361 

De  Todeni's  son,  William  de  Albini,  has  been  supposed  to 
have  assumed  the  name  of  Brito  in  addition  to  "  Albini,"  to 
distinguish  himself  from  William  Pincerna ;  but,  however  he 
may  have  come  by  the  name,  he  was  certainly  known  as  William 
Brito,  and  his  eldest  son  William,  who  died  I4th  Henry  II.,  was 
called  "  William  Meschines  alias  Brito,"  whilst  Ralph  de  Albini 
Brito  was  the  ancestor  of  the  Lords  Daubeny.  It  is  therefore 
quite  possible,  I  think,  that  Drogo  de  Montacute  was  actually 
Drogo  Brito,  and  that  all  the  Britos  who  held  lands  in  Devon- 
shire in  the  years  that  succeeded  the  Conquest  were  near 
relatives,  either  originally  or  by  subsequent  intermarriage. 

Another  very  probable  ancestor  of  the  Devonshire  Britos 
must  not  be  overlooked,  viz.,  "Tehelus  or  Tehellus  Britto,"  who 
was  a  tenant  in  capite  in  Essex  and  Norfolk,  and  quite  possibly 
identical  with  that  powerful  Baron  of  Totnes  and  Barnstaple, 
"  luhel  of  Totnes,"  whose  extraction  and  parentage  have  been 
always  open  to  a  considerable  amount  of  question. 

That  "  luhel,"  or  "  luhellus,"  as  he  is  styled  in  the  Devon- 
shire Domesday,  stood  very  high  in  the  Conqueror's  favour  is 
sufficiently  proved  by  the  enormous  amount  of  land  he  was 
possessed  of  in  1086,  and  the  King  ultimately  gave  him 
the  whole  Barony  of  Barnstaple.  John  Burhed  of  Totnes, 
who  wrote  in  1433,  and  whose  manuscript  is  preserved  at 
Exeter,  calls  him  "Ludhellus."  In  his  foundation  charters  of  the 
priories  of  Totnes  and  Barnstaple  he  styles  himself  "  Juhellus 
filius  Aluredi;"  and  Risdon,  the  seventeenth  century  historian  of 
the  county  tells  us  that  he  was  the  son  of  "  Alured,  Earl  of 
Bretagne,"  but  as  the  charters  referred  to  are,  it  is  to  be  feared, 
but  monastic  transcripts  of  the  original  documents,  they  form 
but  little  authority  for  the  original  spelling  of  the  names  either 
of  the  son  or  sire.  Whoever  he  may  really  have  been,  it  is 
certain  that  several  of  his  Devonshire  Manors  were  held  under 
him  by  a  certain  "William,"  and  it  is  shown  by  the  Testa 
de  Nevil,  that  a  number  of  knights'  fees,  in  respect  of  the 
said  manors,  were  held  of  Roger  de  Valletort,  temp.  Henry 
II.,  and  up  to  the  5th  of  King  John,  as  of  the  honour  of 
Totnes,  by  "  Wydo  le  Brette,"  who  is  also  styled  "  Wydo 
de  Bretteville." 

Juhellus  of  Totnes  was  in  arms  against  William  Rufus,  and 


362  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

was  consequently  proscribed  ;  he  escaped  to  the  continent  and 
never  returned  to  England,  and,  as  I  have  noticed  in  my  chapter 
on  the  "  Borough  of  Totnes "  (Ashburton  and  its  Neighbour- 
hood^ p.  108),  William  de  Braose,  his  great-grandson,  was 
permitted  to  hold  a  moiety  of  that  honour,  and  "  made  par- 
tition thereof  with  Roger  de  Valletort,  heir  to  Henry,  son  of 
Roger  de  Novant,"  who,  upon  the  disgrace  of  "Juhellus,"  had 
obtained  from  the  Crown  a  very  considerable  portion  of  his 
property. 

Finally,  there  was  an  individual  called  "  Brettel "  in  the 
Survey,  who  was  sub-tenant  to  the  Earl  of  Mortain  in  the 
manors  of  Ferentone,  Colebrook,  and  "  Cherletone,"  or  Charlton, 
and,  unless  it  has  become  extinct  there  very  recently,  the  name 
of  Britton  may  still  be  reckoned  amongst  the  villagers  of 
Colebrook,  distant  a  few  miles  from  Crediton. 

With  regard  to  the  later  social  position  of  the  family  in  the 
West  of  England,  I  find  Oliver  Breton  returned  member  for  the 
borough  of  Truro  as  early  as  1309.  Sir  Adam  le  Bret  repre- 
sented Somerset  in  1329-30;  John  Briton,  senior  or  junior, 
represented  Bodmin  from  1384  to  1397;  John  Breton,  Lost- 
withiel,  1386.  William  Breton  of  Canonsleigh,  co.  Devon, 
was  returned  for  Bossiney,  in  Cornwall,  in  1746. 

Thomas  "Bruerton,"  who  was  Mayor  of  Exeter  1580,  received 
a  letter  from  "Lord  Thomas  Howarde,"  dated  April  iith,  1581 
(Thomas,  first  Earl  of  Suffolk),  desiring  him  to  examine  a  thief 
who  had  stolen  property  from  his  house,  and  to  forward  said 
thief  to  "  Wareham,"  "  for  that  I  mean  to  make  an  example  of 
so  lewde  a  part  in  myn  own  house." 

Contemporary  with  this  Mayor  of  Exeter  was  William 
"  Bruton,"  whose  depositions  concerning  the  rent  of  a  house 
belonging  to  the  Dean  and  Chapter,  and  dated  "June,  1586," 
are  still  extant.  Guy  "  Breton  "  of  Stottiscombe  was  appointed 
an  attorney  for  Thomas  West  from  February  1st  to  the  "  Feast 
of  St.  Peter  ad  Vincula,"  August  1st,  1328,  during  the  latter's 
absence  at  Santiago  on  a  pilgrimage.  This  "  Thomas  West " 
was  the  ancestor  of  the  Lords  Dclawarr  and  the  first  peer  of  his 
family  by  writ  of  summons  in  1342,  and  of  Broadhampston, 
Co.  Devon,  in  right  of  his  wife  Alianore  de  Cantalupe. 

In    1333,   April    24th,  "Robert  Briton"   of  Exeter   (Jocelyn 


DE  VONSH1RE     WILLS.  363 

Brito  had  property  in  that  city  in    1086)  was  pardoned  uncon- 
ditionally. 

He  seems  to  have  been  outlawed  for  contempt  of  court,  in 
that  he  did  not  appear  to  answer  a  plea  of  trespass  alleged 
against  him  by  John  Perer  of  Crediton. 


BRUTON,  ALIAS  BRETON,  OF  LANGLEY  AND  BOROUGH. 

Amongst  the  Devonshire  property  held  by  Alured  Brito  in 
1086,  there  were  two  manors  on  the  north  or  north-western  side 
of  this  county,  then  known  respectively  as  "  Bacetesberie  "  and 
"  Lege." 

The  latter,  since  known  as  Langley,  i.e.,  long  leigh,  or  the 
long  pasture,  is  situated  in  the  parish  of  High  Bickington,  the 
greater  portion  of  which  at  that  time  belonged  to  Robert,  Earl 
of  Mortain,  in  whose  household  Alured  was  "  Pincerna,"  or  chief 
butler.  I  have  already  remarked  that  the  chief  seat  of  Alured's 
barony  was  at  Chiselborough,  in  Somerset,  and  that  his  son 
Richard  "Pincerna"  was  the  probable  ancestor  of  the  Devon- 
shire branch  of  his  family ;  in  any  case,  however,  it  is  certain 
that  Alured's  descendants,  collateral  or  otherwise,  held  the  manor 
of  Langley  for  many  centuries  under  the  name  of  "  Britton," 
and  although  there  were  doubtless  several  younger  branches,  as 
the  name  has  never  become  extinct  in  the  district,  the  daughter 
and  heir  of  Britton  of  Langley  brought  that  property  to  her 
husband,  Roger  Pollard,  about  the  middle  of  the  fifteenth 
century. 

This  Roger  is  unfortunately  omitted  from  the  pedigree 
recorded  at  the  Visitation  of  1620,  and  signed  "Richard  Pollard," 
which,  however,  is  deficient  in  the  matter  of  several  generations, 
and,  indeed,  only  records  four  of  them  between  "  Roger  Pollard," 
who  lived  in  the  reign  of  Richard  II.,  and  the  said  "  Richard," 
whose  will  was  proved  8th  May,  1626.  The  name  of  "  Richard," 
I  may  remark,  was  peculiar  to  this  branch  of  the  Pollards  of 
Way,  and  may  possibly  have  been  derived  from  the  Brittons,  as 
it  accords  with  that  of  their  presumptive  ancestor  "  Richard 
Pincerna." 


364  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

As  an  old  topographer  remarks  in  1638,  "  Roger  Pollard,"  on 
marriage  with  "  the  daughter  and  heir  of  Britton  of  Langley, 
whose  lands  they  were  in  times  past,  planted  himself  so  firmly 
that  his  posterity  have  hitherto  possessed  the  same."  He  was 
fourth  in  descent  from  the  Roger  of  the  "  Visitation,"  whose 
mother  was  Emma,  one  of  the  daughters  and  co-heirs  of  Sir 
John  Doddiscomb  of  Compton  Pole,  and  a  sister  of  Cicelye 
wife  of  Sir  John  Worthe  of  Worth,  who  had  Compton  Pole  and 
other  property  for  her  portion  (see  ante,  p.  297,  where  Sir  John 
Worthe  is  inadvertently  called  "  Richard.")  The  Pollards 
remained  at  Langley  until  about  the  middle  of  the  seventeenth 
century,  when  the  property  passed  by  sale  to  Barry.  Richard 
Pollard,  the  last  of  this  branch,  was  living  in  1667. 

The  manor  of  "  Bacetesberie,"  which  was  also  held  in  demesne 
by  Alured  "  Pincerna "  in  1086,  has  been  since  known  as 
"  Burgh  "  or  "  Borough,"  and  is  situated  in  the  parish  of  Morthoe, 
on  the  north  coast  of  Devon.  In  the  reign  of  Henry  III.  and 
Edward  I.,  Thomas  le  Brethon  held  the  eighth  part  of  a  knight's 
fee  there,  as  shown  by  the  Testa  de  Nevil,  and  it  is  interesting, 
as  confirmatory  of  the  evident  connection  between  the  several 
families  of  Brito,  to  find  that  by  an  undated  deed  of  the  end  of 
the  twelfth  century  "  Julian  le  Croc,  in  her  widowhood,  grants 
land  in  Morthoe  to  Hugh  Valletort  and  Lucy  his  wife."  The 
Crocs  derived  from  Walter  Croc,  son  of  Annora,  one  of  the 
sisters  and  co-heirs  of  Walter  Brito  in  1196,  and  the  latter  was 
the  great-grandson  of  Ansger  Brito  aforesaid. 

Although  King  John  gave  the  barony  of  Barnstaple  to  the 
Tracys,  his  predecessor,  King  Stephen,  had  transferred  much  of 
ludhel  Fitz-Alured's  property  to  Henry  Tracy,  who  was  the 
only  Devonshire  gentleman  who  openly  supported  his  interests 
against  Maud  the  Empress ;  amongst  these  lands  was  the  manor 
of  Combe,  where  "William"  aforesaid  was  sub-tenant  to  ludhel 
in  1086,  and  it  has  since  been  known  as  Wollacombe  (the  valley 
of  the  Walla),  and  probably  passed  by  marriage  with  Grace, 
Henry  Tracy's  daughter,  to  John  de  Sudeley,  and  thence  to  their 
youngest  son  William  de  Sudeley,  alias  de  Tracy,  the  prime 
actor  in  the  murder  of  Thomas  a  Becket  Sir  William  de 
Tracy  appears  to  have  resided  upon  his  manor  of  Wollacombe, 
and  to  have  retired  there  after  his  return  from  Normandy  in 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  365 

1176;  he  must  therefore  have  been  well  acquainted  with  his 
neighbours  the  Britos,  and  hence  possibly  the  subsequent  unfor- 
tunate association  of  Sir  Richard  Brito  with  the  crime  which 
Tracy  is  understood  to  have  conceived  and  arranged. 

There  is,  I  think,  sufficient  heraldic  evidence  to  prove  that  the 
Britos  of  Morthoe  and  Brixton  must  have  been,  even  at  that 
time,  intimately  related  to  each  other. 

Sir  William  de  Tracy  is  said  to  have  been  buried  in  Morthoe 
Church,  but  the  tomb  there,  for  many  years  exhibited  as  his,  is 
that  of  a  namesake,  priest  of  the  parish  in  1322,  and  the  mistake 
as  to  its  identity  may  be  referred  to  one  of  Camden's  numerous 
errors. 

A  pedigree  of  "  Bruton  of  Heavitree  "  (Arms,  "  Per  pale,  gules 
and  azure,  a  fess  between  two  chevrons,  arg. ;  Crest,  a  dcmi-wolf, 
ducally  crowned,  holding  a  mullet,  ppr.")  appears  to  have  been 
entered  at  Heralds'  College  in  1622,  but  merely  records  the 
descent  of  William,  third  son  of  "  Thomas  Bruton  alias  Breton 
of  Borough,  in  the  parish  of  Morthowe,"  who  married  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  William  Ryder.  This  William  had  five  brothers, 
Thomas,  George,  Philip,  Robert,  and  Adam,  and  to  the  eldest  of 
them  I  shall  refer  later  on. 

It  appears  from  the  will  of  the  said  Elizabeth,  who  died 
2ist  March,  1610-11,  and  was  buried  in  Exeter  Cathedral,  that 
the  family  resided  at  Whipton  Barton,  a  hamlet  in  Heavitree 
parish,  and  that  her  husband  must  have  been  a  man  of  con- 
siderable property  is  shown  by  his  own  will  likewise.  He 
appears  to  have  been  lay  impropriator  of  several  rectories  in 
the  diocese,  situated  both  in  Devon  and  Cornwall  ;  he  was  also 
buried  in  the  Cathedral,  23rd  April,  1608,  as  were  his  two  sons 
William  and  John  ;  the  latter  survived  him  but  three  years  ;  the 
former  was  interred  in  February,  1661-62.  William  Bruton,  alias 
Breton,  the  elder,  had  also  five  daughters,  the  first  of  whom  was 
the  wife  of  Arthur  Periman,  and  her  sisters  all  married  into  well- 
known  county  families,  viz.,  Eveleigh,  Fortescue,  Stroud,  and 
Peter. 

Margaret,  wife  of  "Will  Peter,"  is  mentioned  with  her  husband 
in  her  mother's  will,  and  the  latter  is  to  have  furniture  and  goods 
in  the  house  at  Whipton  to  the  amount  of  several  hundred 
pounds.  He  resided  there  for  the  few  months  that  he  outlived 


366  DE  VON  SHIRE     WILLS. 

his  mother-in-law,  and  a  full  account  of  his  murder  in  January, 
1611-12,  by  Edward,  son  of  Edward  Drew  of  Killerton,  serjeant- 
at-law,  and  one  of  Prince's  "  Worthies,"  will  be  found  in  my 
Suburbs  of  Exeter,  under  the  head  of  "  Heavitree."  His 
widow  married,  secondly,  Edward  Cotton,  Archdeacon  of  Totnes, 
second  son  of  William  Cotton,  Bishop  of  Exeter,  and  died 
10th  August,  1643. 

Margaret's  eldest  brother,  "  John  Bruton  alias  Breton,"  died 
blind,  as  noted  in  the  registers  of  Exeter  Cathedral,  where  he 
was  buried,  iQth  October,  1611  ;  his  two  children,  William  and 
John,  were  then  aged  six  and  three  years  old,  and  the  license 
for  the  second  marriage  of  their  affectionate  mother,  who  had 
been  a  Miss  Dorothy  Leigh  of  Heavitree,  with  Lewis  Hayman, 
gentleman,  of  Dunchidcok  ("to  be  married  at  Heavitree"),  is 
dated  the  following  4th  December.  Her  first  husband's  only 
brother,  William,  was  then  a  minor,  and  only  twelve  years  of 
age ;  he  subsequently  married  "  Edith,"  a  daughter  of  Sir 
George  Smith,  of  Madford,  in  the  parish  of  Heavitree,  and 
sister  of  Lady  Monk  and  of  Lady  Grenville  (see  my  Suburbs 
of  Exeter,  p.  17),  by  whom  he  had  a  family  of  ten  children, 
all  baptized  at  the  Cathedral,  of  whom  "William,"  7th  April, 
1629,  was  the  eldest.  His  wife  died  in  giving  birth  to  her 
youngest  son  George,  and  was  buried  the  day  after  his  bap- 
tism, 7th  October,  1740. 

In  1622  her  husband,  "William  Bruton,"  then  "aged  23," 
appears  to  have  recorded  the  family  pedigree  ;  on  the  2Oth 
February,  1639-40,  he  made  further  application  to  the  College  of 
Arms  for  a  crest  and  motto,  and,  under  that  date,  was  granted  by 
Sir  John  Borough,  Garter  King  of  Arms,  "  a  hinde  couchant 
under  a  hawthorn  tree,  all  ppr.,"  with  the  legend,  "  Quae  delectant 
desiderantur."  The  preamble  sets  forth  that  "  William  Bruton, 
of  the  city  and  county  of  Exeter,  Esquire,"  had  requested  that  a 
crest  and  motto  might  be  assigned  to  him  to  bear  with  his 
paternal  coat  of  arms  "  without  doing  wrong  or  prejudice  unto 
any  other  person,"  and  the  crest  and  motto,  above  mentioned,  is 
therefore  "  assigned  and  appropriated  unto  the  foresaid  coat  of 
arms,"  as  "  depicted  in  the  margin,"  and  which  is  similar  to  the 
coat  appended  to  the  recorded  pedigree,  and  which  I  have 
already  blazoned.  The  said  "  crest  and  motto"  however,  are 


DEVONSHIRE     IV ILLS.  367 

limited  to  the  "  said  William  Bruton  and  the  heirs  of  his  body 
lawfully  begotten." 

In  the  "  margin  "  of  the  grant  there  is  the  usual  painting  of 
arms,  helmet  mantling,  crest  and  motto,  and,  on  the  right  of  the 
illuminated  border,  the  new  crest  of  the  hind  and  hawthorn 
bush,  in  the  centre  the  Bruton  arms  impaling  those  of  the  said 
William's  wife,  Edith  Smith,  viz.,  Sable,  a  fess  cotised  between 
three  martlets,  or,  and  on  the  left  the  crest  of  the  wife's  family, 
a  greyhound  sejant,  gules,  collared  and  lined,  or. 

The  anomalous  introduction  of  the  crest  of  the  wife's  family 
into  an  instrument,  vouched  for  by  Garter's  signature,  would 
claim  more  serious  comment  were  it  not  for  the  fact  that  the 
heraldry  of  that  period  had  shared  the  fate  of  Gothic  architec- 
ture, and  had  become  about  as  equally  debased  ;  nevertheless, 
such  and  similar  irregularities  are  responsible  for  modern  errors, 
such  as  the  absurd  and  too  prevalent  decoration  of  carriages, 
plate,  and  servants'  buttons  with  "ladies'  crests"  as  they  are  very 
improperly  termed.  As  I  have  remarked  in  Practical  Heraldry, 
"  ladies  could  neither  bear,  inherit,  or  transmit  crests,"  and, 
"  John  Borough  principale  Kynge  of  Armes  of  Englishmen " 
nevertheless,  this  rule  is,  and  always  has  been,  in  force,  and  very 
properly  so,  when  it  is  remembered  that  in  their  origin  crests 
could  only  be  acquired  by  knights  who  had  seen  actual  service 
in  the  field.  The  arms,  called  by  Sir  John  Borough  "  the 
paternal  arms  of  William  Bruton,"  and  therefore  the  legally 
admitted  arms  of  the  family  of  Bruton  alias  Breton  of  Borough, 
in  Morthoe,  are  practically  the  same,  save  for  tincture,  as  those 
accredited  to  Robert  Fitz-Walter  (" or,  a  fess  between  two 
chevronels,  gules "),  the  Baron  who  headed  "  the  army  of  God 
and  Holy  Church, "and  extorted  Magna  Charta  from  King  John. 
These  arms,  again,  are  those  of  Clare,  Earl  of  Gloucester, 
differenced  by  the  apparent  elimination  of  a  chevronel,  and  the 
substitution  of  a  fess  in  lieu  of  it,  and  their  acquisition  by  Breton 
evidently  points  to  a  feudal  dependency  on  the  house  of  Clare, 
much  of  whose  "  honour  of  Gloucester  "  was  situated  in  Devon- 
shire. (See  my  Afanor  of  Winkleigh,  pp.  1-24,  etc.) 

It  happens,  singularly  enough,  that  there  were  manors,  both 
of  "Leigh"  and  "Bickington,"  which  were  held  from  this  honour, 
but  both  were  Royal  demesne  lands  at  the  period  of  the  Survey, 


36S  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

and  not  identical  either  with  Alured  Brito's  manor  of  Langley,  or 
Robert  of  Mortaine's  "Bickington"  holding.  But  the  chief  seat 
of  the  property  of  Jocelyn  Brito  was  situated,  as  already  stated 
(ante  p.  353),  at  Halwell,  in  the  parish  of  Brixton,  and  Halwell 
was  held  from  the  Crown  as  of  the  "  honour  of  Gloucester," 
which  "honour"  came  to  the  Clares  in  1217,  and  remained  with 
their  heirs  male  for  ninety-seven  years.  "  Fitz- Walter  "  was 
actually  a  Clare,  being  the  grandson  of  Robert,  youngest  brother 
of  Gilbert  de  Clare,  therefore  he  simply  differenced  his  paternal 
arms  by  surmounting  them  with  a  fess,  and  thus  one  of  the 
chevronels  of  Clare  became  entirely  obliterated  ;  but  as  Brito 
evidently  assumed  them  to  mark  his  mere  feudal  connection 
with  the  Earldom  of  Gloucester,  such  difference  would  not  have 
sufficed  without  an  entire  change  of  tincture — a  course  which  was 
adopted  by  his  kinsman  of  Odecumbe  to  mark  his  own  feudal 
connection  with  the  De  VeVe  Earldom  of  Oxford  (see  ante, 
p.  360) ;  and  both  these  Brito  shields  may  consequently  be 
reckoned  amongst  the  most  ancient  and  interesting  examples  of 
arms,  which  were  indisputably  feudal  in  their  origin. 

John  Prince,  having  blazoned  the  escallop  coat  of  Britt  of 
Stottiscombe,  already  dealt  with  above,  proceeds  to  remark, 
very  carelessly  and  inaccurately,  as  to  Breton  of  Bacetesberie 
or  Borough.  "  And  Britt  of  Bathin  or  Bachins  arms  were, 
argent,  2  chevrons,  paly  of  six,  or  and  azure'' 

In  his  "  Worthies  of  Devon,"  Prince  includes  the  biography 
of  "  Walter  Britte,"  supposed,  by  himself,  and  Risdon,  "  to  have 
proceeded  from  the  British  race,"  but  to  have  been  born  at 
Stottiscombe.  This  Walter  Britte,  who  flourished  in  the  reign 
of  Richard  II.,  was  one  of  the  early  reformers,  and  an  advocate 
of  the  doctrine  that  "  neither  king  or  secular  lord  could  give 
anything  in  perpetuity  to  Churchmen." 


BRUTON  OF  ALWINGTON. 

The  Brutons  of  Alwington,  a  few  miles  south  of  Morthoe,  are 
descended  from  Thomas  Bruton  alias  Breton  first  son  of 
Thomas  Breton  of  Borough,  in  the  latter  parish,  and  eldest 
brother  of  William  Bruton  alias  Breton  of  Heavitree.  This 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  369 

Thomas  Bruton  had  three  sons,  Thomas,  William,  and  George— 
the  latter  baptized  at  Alwington  2nd  January,  1596-97 — and  two 
daughters.  Of  the  sons,  William's  daughter,  Margaret,  married 
Edward  Cotton,  Archdeacon  of  Totnes,  and  a  son  of  Dr.  William 
Cotton,  Lord  Bishop  of  Exeter  1598-1621. 

John  Bruton,  son  and  heir  of  Thomas,  had  a  son,  William, 
born  1607,  who,  by  his  wife,  Elizabeth  Atken,  was  the  father  of 
another  William,  and  also  of  John  Bruton,  who  died  in  1694, 
aged  forty-four.  This  John  Bruton,  "  in,  or  about,"  1683,  is 
said  to  have  purchased  of  the  Carys  of  Cockington  the  ancient 
property  and  residence  of  the  Yeos  of  Alwington,  known  as 
"  Yeo  Vale"* — a  statement  which  is  doubted  by  his  present 
representative,  who  considers  that  his  family  had  then  resided 
at  Yeo  for  more  than  a  century  at  least.  He  was  succeeded 
by  his  son,  William  Bruton,  born  3Oth  August,  1683.  His  eldest 
surviving  son,  Thomas,  inherited  Yeo  Vale,  and  was  followed, 
in  1769,  by  his  son  and  heir,  William  Bruton,  at  whose  death, 
1 7th  February,  1779,  the  property  was  sold  to  the  Morrisons  ; 
by  his  wife,  Ann  James,  a  sister-in-law  of  John  Meddon  of 
Winscot,  in  the  same  paiish,  he  was  the  father  of  five  sons  and 
two  daughters.  His  second  son,  Richard,  born  2 1st  Apiil, 
1765,  was  the  grandfather  of  Mr.  D.  Yeo  Biuton,  who  now 
lives  in  Sussex. 

In  1812  William  Bruton's  two  youngest  sons,  William  and 
Charles,  inherited  part  of  the  Meddon  property  by  devise  of 
Mr.  John  Meddon,  their  cousin,  and  the  last  heir  male  of  that 
family,  which  had  settled  at  Winscot  through  a  marriage  with 
the  daughter  and  heir  of  the  Burgoynes,  in  1624.  Col.  William 
Bruton,  who  had  a  moiety  of  Winscot,  for  many  years  com- 
manded the  North  Devon  Militia  ;  he  married  into  a  younger 
branch  of  the  Worths  of  Worth,  in  Washfield,  his  wife  having 
been  Gertrude,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  J.  Worth,  Rector  of  High 
Bickington,  and  died  in  1846.  His  second  son,  William,  some- 
time Vicar  of  Siddlesham,  Sussex,  died  July  loih,  1881.  Col. 
Bruton's  brother  Charles  married  Frances  Cory  Walter  ;  he  was 
a  Deputy  Lieutenant  for  Devonshire,  and  held  a  commission 
for  thirty  years  in  his  brother's  regiment  of  militia,  and  was 

*  Lyson's  Mag.  firit.t  Vol.   II.,  p.   10. 

25 


370  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

adjutant  of  that  corps.  He  died  in  1850,  aged  seventy-one  ; 
his  eldest  son,  the  Rev.  Walter  Meddon  Biuton,  Rector  of  East 
and  West  Worlington,  died  in  1885,  and  his  son  and  heir, 
John  Meddon  Burgoyne  Bruton,  was  born  at  Woolfardis- 
worthy,  April  5th,  1847. 


THE    BRITTONS    OF    BITTON. 

The  honour  of  Bitton  in  Gloucestershire,  distant  a  few  miles 
from  Bristol,  originally  comprised  two  hides  of  land,  one  of 
which,  in  1086,  belonged  to  the  Church,  was  afterwards  known 
as  the  "Rectorial  Manor,"  and  was  appropriated  as  a  prebend 
to  the  See  of  Worcester. 

The  other  hide,  with  an  appanage  known  as  "  Hanham,"  and 
which  included  nearly  the  whole  remainder  of  the  parish,  was 
given  by  Henry  II.  to  Robert  Fitz-Hardinge,  and  was  thence- 
forth nominally  regarded  as  parcel  of  the  Berkeley  barony,  as 
shown  by  an  assise  of  1287;  yet  "Bitton"  was  held  by  the 
D'Amnevilles  and  their  descendants,  not  from  the  Berkeleys, 
but  directly  from  the  Crown,  as  appears  from  a  confirmation 
charter  of  nth  Henry  III.,  in  favour  of  Robert  D'Amneville. 
The  latter  had  two  daughters,  co-heirs,  who  each  had  a  moiety 
of  Bitton,  from  that  time  known  as  Bitton  and  Oldland. 

Oldland  passed  by  marriage  to  Oxehaye,  with  one  of  the 
co  heirs,  and  after  failure  of  her  issue  was  sold  to  Richard  de  la 
More,  who  died  1292.  The  other  co-heir  married  William  de 
Putot,  her  only  daughter,  Petronilla,  Hugh  de  Vivon,  or  Vivian, 
and  in  her  widowhood  she  became  the  wife  of  David  le  Blund  ; 
and  Bitton,  not  without  litigation,  went  to  her  younger  son  of 
the  same  name. 

In  1515,  John  Lord  Hussey,  of  Bitton,  in  right  of  his  wife 
Margaret  Blund  or  Blount,  sold  Bitton  to  Dormer,  who  re-sold 
it  to  Berkeley,  and  with  the  Berkeleys  it  remained  until 
1633,  when  the  manor  was  dismembered  and  the  estates 
separated. 

Similarly  the  manor  of  Hanham  was  divided  into  moieties 
knowji  as  "  East  and  West  Hanham."  I  need  not  follow  the 
descent  of  this  property  through  its  several  alienations.  In  the 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  371 

4th  Edward  III.,  William  de  la  Grene  and  John  Bagworth  gave 
the  manor  of  West  Hanham  to  the  abbot  and  convent  of 
Keynsham,  in  Somerset,  and  with  that  community  it  remained 
until  the  dissolution  ;  it  was  surrendered  to  the  Crown  3<Dth 
Henry  VIII.,  and  was  always  known  as  Hanham  Court,  and 
since  then  it  has  passed  through  various  hands,  and  is  now 
the  property  of  Mr.  Philip  William  Poole  Britton,  hereinafter 
mentioned.  The  manor  of  East  Hanham,  or  Barre's  Court, 
anciently  the  residence  of  Sir  John  de  Button,  a  younger  son 
of  Adam  D'Amneville,  acquired  its  later  name  by  the  marriage 
of  Sir  John  Barre  with  the  granddaughter  of  Sir  John  de 
Button  or  Bitton,  who  died  in  1382. 

This  Lady  Barre  died  2nd  Richard  III.,  1485,  seised  of  the 
manor  of  East  Hanham,  held  of  John  Blount,  as  lord  of  the 
manor  of  Bitton ;  by  Ing.  p.m.  her  ladyship's  heirs  were  found 
to  be  the  daughters,  or  their  descendants,  of  Sir  John  de 
Bytton,  her  maternal  great-great-grandfather.  Sir  John's  second 
daughter,  Elizabeth,  married  Philip  Hampton,  her  great-great- 
granddaughter,  Lucy  Hampton,  Sir  Thomas  Newton,  and  the 
Newtons  afterward  owmd  Barre's  Court,  otherwise  East  Han- 
ham. The  Newton  baronetcy  became  extinct  in  1743,  ar|d  the 
last  baronet,  Sir  Michael  Newton,  pulled  down  Barre's  Court 
shortly  before  his  death. 

As  to  the  family  of  Britton,  of  Bitton,  there  is  the  same 
uncertainty  as  to  the  exactitude  of  their  earlier  descent  as 
exists  in  the  cases  of  other  members  of  the  family.  Jocelyn 
Brito  was  a  tenant  in  capite  in  Gloucestershire  in  the  year  1086. 
Later  on,  Richard  le  Bret  held  three  parts  of  a  knight's  fee  in 
Weston,  near  Telbury,  temp.  Henry  II.,  of  the  fee  of  Ansger  de 
Kylpec.  In  1384,  Joan,  widow  of  Philip  Vynour,  claimed  a 
capital  messuage  in  Tewkesbury  by  devise  of  Stephen  de 
Bruton  ("  De  Banco,"  Mich.  Term,  8th  Richard  II.).  After  the 
first  quarter  of  the  fourteenth  century  the  then  lords  of  Bitton, 
the  Blounts,  appear  to  have  chiefly  resided  at  Filton  or  Mangots- 
field,  and  Bitton  Court  and  the  surrounding  property  was  usually 
let  upon  farming  leases.  Prior  to  the  sixteenth  century  I  cannot 
recover  evidence  of  the  presence  there  of  the  Brittons,  who  were, 
1  am  much  disposed  to  consider,  cadets  of  the  house  of  Breton 
of  Borough,  several  members  of  which  settled  in  the  parishes 


372  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

of  Parkham  and  Alwington  considerably  before  the  time  of 
Thomas  Bruton,  the  ancestor  of  the  Brutons  of  Yeo  Vale. 

With  respect,  however,  to  Gloucestershire,  Thomas  and  John 
Breton  paid  subsidy  in  Oldland,  the  moiety  of  the  Bitton  manor 
already  mentioned,  as  early  as  1523  ;  Thomas  Brytayne  was 
taxed  for  Bitton  and  Hanham  in  1545  ;  John  Breten  and  Walter 
his  son  held  land  at  Hanham  Abbots  in  1556;  whilst  Lewse 
and  Thomas  Brytton  were  subsidised  on  the  same  estates  in  1557- 

John  Bryttan  in  his  will,  dated  ist  March,  1560,  and  proved 
at  Gloucester,  9th  October,  1562,  describes  himself  as  of  the 
parish  of  Bitton ;  his  son  Thomas,  who  died  in  1 574,  was 
twice  married  ;  by  his  first  wife,  Agnes,  daughter  of  William 
Hotsington,  he  had  six  sons  and  three  daughters  ;  of  the  sons 
I  need  only  treat  of  the  first  and  fifth. 

The  latter,  John  Britten  of  Bitton,  married  Jane  Burnell  at 
Bitton  Churcli  26th  June,  1571  ;  his  will  was  proved  I4th 
September,  1612.  His  eldest  son,  Thomas  Britten,  baptized 
at  Bitton  nth  January,  1573,  was  the  father  of  John  Britten, 
who  purchased  the  fee  simple  of  the  property  upon  which 
several  of  his  ancestors  are  known  to  have  resided,  and  became 
the  owner  of  Bitton  Court  about  the  year  1633. 

I  must  now  return  to  the  eldest  son  of  Thomas  Britten  and 
Agnes  Horsington,  Jasper  Britten,  who  resided  at  Swinford,  in 
Bitton  parish,  and  desires,  by  his  will,  dated  August  I2th,  1590, 
to  be  buried  at  Bitton  near  his  father;  his  son  John  was  the 
father  of  John,  whose  son,  of  the  same  name,  by  his  wife,  Eliza- 
beth Deane,  had  three  sons,  John,  Thomas,  and  Morris  Britten. 
The  last  named,  Morris,  was  baptized  at  Oldland  in  1642.  By 
his  second  son,  Stephen  Britten,  he  was  the  great-grandfather 
of  Simon  Britton,  of  the  parish  of  St.  George,  Bristol,  who  by 
his  second  wife,  Mary,  daughter  of  James  Gage  (married  1781, 
died  1788),  had,  with  other  issue,  a  son,  Simon  Gage  Britton, 
born  5th  November,  1782,  and  a  second  son,  Daniel  Britton  of 
Bristol,  born  1784,  died  1871,  and  who  lived  to  welcome  his 
great-grandson,  Philip  William  Poole  Britton  (son  of  Henry 
William  Britton,  by  his  marriage  with  the  daughter  and  heir 
of  Benjamin  Poole,  who  was  only  son  of  William  Simon  Brit- 
ton of  Caer  Brito,  Bristol,  by  his  wife  Caroline  Gell,  son  and 
heir  of  the  said  Daniel  Britton). 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 


373 


Mr.  Philip  William  Poole  Britton,  F.S.A.,  now  of  Bitton 
House,  Enfield,  in  the  county  of  Middlesex,  and  of  Hanham 
Court,  in  that  of  Gloucester,  was  born  I3th  October,  1863,  and 
married  at  Bristol,  in  1886,  Agnes  Cassandra,  daughter  of 
Charles  Alfred  Carlyon,  in  right  of  her  grandmother,  Emily 
Carlyon,  a  double  descendant  of  the  ancient  family  of  Carlyon 
of  Tregrehan,  co.  Cornwall,  and  who  derive  their  name  from 
their  original  property,  Carlyon,  near  Truro.  Winstanley 
Britton,  eldest  son  of  Mr.  Philip  William  Poole  Britton,  was 
baptized  at  St.  Saviour's,  Bristol,  9th  October,  1887,  and, 
maternally,  is  twenty-second  in  direct  descent  from  King  Ed- 
ward III.  (Coll.  Ar.  Arnndel,  2,  No.  155);  he  has  also,  through 
a  maternal  great-grandmother,  Mary  Stackhouse,  a  descent 
from  King  Edward  I.,  through  Bohun  and  Courtenay.* 

Simon  Gage  Britton,  M.D.,  R.N.,  Surgeon  of  the  Victory 
at  Trafalgar,  eldest  son  of  Simon  Britton,  by  his  wife  Mary 
Gage,  long  resided  at  King's  Close,  Barnstaple,  and  was  buried 
at  Ilfracombe  in  1856.  By  his  wife  Jane,  only  daughter  and 
heir  of  Thomas  Hopkins,  B.A.,  Jesus  Coll.,  Oxford,  and  rector 
of  Donyatt,  co.  Somerset,  by  his  wife  Mary,  daughter  of 
Robert  Ford  of  Bridgewater,  he  had  issue  (with  two  daughters), 
Thomas  Hopkins  Britton,  born  1817,  and  Paul  Ford  Britton, 
born  25th  January,  1819  (M.A.,  Exeter  Coll.,  Oxford),  and  now 
rector  of  Cadeleigh,  near  Tiverton,  and  who,  by  his  wife  Helen, 
daughter  of  William  Short  Tyeth  of  Pillhead,  Barnstaple,  is 
the  father  of  the  Rev.  Arthur  Paul  Britton,  M.A.,  the  present 
rector  of  Ubley,  co.  Somerset,  who  is  married,  and  has  issue. 
Thomas  Hopkins  Britton  was  educated  at  Barnstaple  School 
(M.A.,  Exeter  Coll.,  Oxford,  1842),  and  afterwards  Vicar  of 
Newly n  East,  co.  Cornwall.  He  married,  in  1846,  Frances 
Hamilton,  second  daughter  of  Thomas  Hoskins,  Captain  R.N., 
of  Broxbouine,  Hants.,  and  died  at  Exeter,  8th  May,  1880, 
and  was  buried  at  Cadeleigh.  He  had  issue,  one  daughter, 
Emily  Jane,  and  two  sons,  Alfred  Hoskins  Britton,  and  Herbert 
Britton,  born  1849  (B.A.,  Balliol  Coll.,  Oxford). 


*  The  second  son  of  Henry  William  Brilton  and  of  his  wife,  daughter  and  heir  of 
Benjamin  Poole,  Arthur  Henry  Daniel  Britton,  is  a  Lieut,  in  the  3rd  Battalion  Royal 
Fusiliers,  in  the  1st  Volunteer  Battalion  of  which  regiment  his  elder  brother  also 
holds  a  commission. 


374  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Mr.  Alfred  Hoskins  Britton,*  born  at  Hockworthy,  co.  Devon, 
and  baptized  I3th  September,  1848,  is  a  Barrister-at-Law  of 
the  Middle  Temple,  and  Director,  Audit  Department,  H.M. 
Exchequer.  He  married,  I3th  September,  1878,  Florence  Mary, 
second  daughter  of  S.  E.  Martyn,  of  Thurloe  Square,  South 
Kensington,  and  has,  with  two  daughters,  an  eldest  surviving 
son  and  heir,  John  Alfred  Hamilton  Britton,  born  22nd 
September,  1882. 

The  Arms  of  this  branch  of  Brito,  as  now  recorded  and 
attached  to  their  pedigree,  at  Heralds'  College,  are  thus 
blazoned  in  the  "  grant " : — "  Quarterly,  or  and  gules,  two 
lions  passant  in  chief,  and  as  many  mullets  of  six  points  in 
base,  within  a  bordure  engrailed,  all  counterchanged." 

Crest. — "  A  lion's  gamb  erect  and  erased  az.,  gutte'e  d'eau, 
between  two  mullets  of  six  points,  also  azure." 

Motto.—"  Salut  a  tous." 


WYKES    OF    NORTHWYKE. 

There  is  a  popular,  but  erroneous,  tradition  in  this  county  that 
the  "Wykes  of  Northwyke,"  in  the  parish  of  South  Tawton, 
are  as  old  as  the  Conquest ;  and  a  much  more  absurd  one,  to 
the  effect  that  a  fine  table  tomb  in  the  parish  church  there, 
evidently  Elizabethan,  bears  the  counterfeit  presentment  of 
•'  old  warrior  Wykes,"  who  is  roundly  stated  to  have  been 
master  farrier  to  "  Norman  William,"  and  a  trusted  and  highly 
valued  retainer  of  that  monarch,  whose  charger  he  is  said  to 
have  supplied  with  a  new  set  of  shoes  on  the  eve  of  the 
battle  of  Senlac. 

Although  there  can  be  no  question  as  to  the  great  antiquity 
of  the  race  of  Wykes  as  Devonshire  landowners,  these  tales 
are  as  hypothetical  as  another  which  very  misleadingly  describes 
them  as  having  been  originally  known  as  "  Wray,  but  styled 
Wyke,  or  Wykes,  since  the  reign  of  Richard  the  Second." 

In    1086,  the  manors  of  South  Tawton  with  Ash,  Wray,  in 


*  His  uncle,  the  Rev.  Paul  Ford  Britton,  who  has  now  been  for  fifty  years  rector 
of  Cadeleigh,  in  this  Diocese  and  County,  was  ordained  priest  in  1843. 


DE  VONSH1RE     WILLS.  375 

Moreton  Hampstead,  and  Cheverstone,  in  Kenton  (I  am  adopt- 
ing modern  spelling),  all  of  which  save  Ash,  had  belonged  to 
the  family  of  Harold,  were  alike  held,  in  demesne,  by  King 
William.  Wray  and  Cheverstone  were  subsequently  owned 
by  a  family  long  known  as  de  Cheverstone ;  whilst  North- 
\\yke,  in  South  Tawton,  said  by  Risdon,  with  an  anachronism 
as  to  date,  "  to  have  been  anciently  the  lande  of  William 
de  Wigoren,  alias  Chamberlain,"  was  for  several  generations, 
subsequently  to  1242,  held  by  the  De  Wrays  of  Northwyke, 
otherwise  North  Wigorn. 

It  appears  to  me  as  certain  that  this  William  de  Wigornia, 
rather  than  "  Wigoren,"  was  not  only  the  common  ancestor 
of  the  Wrays,  Cheverstones,  and  Wykes,  but  that  he  also  gave 
name  to  the  several  properties  in  South  Tawton,  afterwards 
corrupted  into  West-wyke,  Week-Town,  or  ''  Wiggaton,"  and 
Northwyke,  neither  of  which  seem  to  be  identical  with  the 
Domesday  manors  known  as  "  Wic,"  or  "  Wice,"  the  Saxon 
equivalent  for  a  hamlet,  from  the  verb,  vichian,  which  signifies 
to  reside  or  dwell ;  hence  we  get  Prancras-wick,  Germans-wick, 
Wick  Dabernon,  Great  Wick,  and  many  other  parishes,  towns, 
and  manors,  in  this  and  other  parts  of  the  country. 

But  in  Devonshire  there  are  only  "Wykes,"  thus  written, 
in  the  parishes  of  South  Tawton  and  Axminster ;  and  North 
Wyke,  in  the  latter  parish,  is  also  not  a  Domesday  manor, 
but  takes  name  from  an  adjacent  property,  long  known  as 
Wigost 

There  is  every  reason  to  assume  that  "William  de  Wigornia"* 
gave  his  name  to  North  and  West  Wyke,  and  to  Wiggaton, 
in  the  parish  of  South  Tawton  ;  he  was  certainly  the  ancestor 
of  the  Wykes,  and  was  also  the  owner  of  Wray,  in  Moreton 
Hampstead,  and  of  Cheverstone,  in  Kenton,  and  seems  to  have 
been  one  of  the  younger  sons  of  Robert  de  Bellomonte,  Earl 
of  Mellent,  and  dejure,  Earl  of  Worcester,  by  his  marriage  with 
Maud,  daughter  and  co-heir  of  Reginald,  Earl  of  Cornwall. 
Hence  he  was  known  as  "de  Wigornia" — in  English,  William  of 
Worcester.  The  whole  of  the  South  Tawton  property  I  have 


*  His   brother,    "Robert   de   Wigornia,"   a'ias    "Chamberlain,"   married  Jane, 
daughter  and  co-heir  of  Baldwin  de   Belston,   and  seem*   to  have  died,   s.  p. 


376  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

mentioned  came  into  the  hands  of  Henry  the  First  upon  the 
death  of  his  brother,  William  Rufus,  in  the  year  noo.  King 
Henry,  by  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Robert  de  Bellomonte,  Earl 
of  Leicester,  had  with  other  left-handed  issue,  the  aforesaid 
Reginald,  Earl  of  Cornwall,  possibly,*  and  a  daughter,  Con- 
stance, certainly,  to  whom  he  gave  the  whole  of  the  manor 
of  South  Tawton,  upon  her  marriage  with  Rosceline,  Viscount 
de  Bellomonte,  and  it  is  shown,  by  the  Pipe  Rolls,  that  she 
received  the  rents,  etc.,  etc.,  in  1157. 

Therefore,  Elizabeth  de  Bellomonte  was,  in  such  case,  not 
only  the  mother  of  the  lady  of  the  manor  of  South  Tawton, 
but  she  was  also  the  aunt  of  Robert  of  Worcester,  Earl  of 
Mellent,  the  husband  of  her  granddaughter,  Maud  of  Corn- 
wall, and  both  the  great-grandmother  and  the  great-aunt  of 
"William  de  Wigornia,"  who  doubtless  obtained,  primarily,  the 
Royal  manors  of  Wray  and  Cheverstone,  through  his  frail 
relative's  connection  with  royalty,  and  the  Wyke  estates, 
subsequently,  by  arrangement  with  his  cousin,  Richard  de 
Bellomonte,  who  succeeded  his  mother  at  South  Tawton 
after  1157.  This  Richard  had  no  male  issue;  his  daughter 
and  heir,  Constance  de  Bellomonte,  married  Roger  de  Toni, 
about  the  year  1162,  and  the  ultimate  heir  of  de  Toni 
brought  the  Devonshire  property  to  Guy  Beauchamp,  Earl 
of  Warwick,  who  died  in  1315.  The  latter  was  maternally 
descended  from  Henry  de  Bellomonte,  alias  de  Newburgh, 
brother  of  the  first  Earl  of  Leicester,  and  therefore  uncle 
of  the  first  Earl  of  Mellent  and  Worcester,  as  well  as  of 
Elizabeth,  King  Henry's  mistress  ;  and  it  was  in  consequence 
of  the  minority  of  Thomas  Beauchamp,  Earl  of  Warwick,  who 
was  only  two  years  old  in  1315,  that  the  manor  of  South 
Tawton  was  sometime  in  the  hands  of  King  Edward  II. — a 
fact  worth  mentioning,  because  the  county  historians  who  have 
referred  to  the  Warwicks,  as  owners  of  South  Tawton,  have 
never  attempted  to  explain  how  the  manor  came  into  their 
possession. f 


*  It  has  been  sometimes  asserted  that  the  mother  of  Reginald,  Earl  of  Cornwall, 
was  a  daughter  of  Sir  Robert  Corbet. 

f  The  Earls  of  Mellent  were  of  kin  to  the  Dukes  of  Normandy.  Adeline,  daughter 
of  Waleran,  and  sister  and  heir  of  Hugh,  Earls  of  Mellent,  married  Roger  de 


DE  VONSHIKE     WILLS. 


377 


As  both  Robert  and  William  de  VVigornia,  who  were 
equally  related  to  the  early  lords  of  South  Tawton,  both 
before  and  after  the  separation  of  that  manor  from  the  Royal 
demesne,  are  sometimes  called  "Camerarius"  or  Chamberlayn, 
they  probably  held  office,  successively,  under  King  Henry  II., 
their  kinsman.  I  may  add  that  they  were  likewise  the 
brothers-in-law,  through  the  marriage  of  their  sister  Mabel, 
of  William  de  Vernon,  Earl  of  Devon,  who  died  a  very  old 
man,  in  1217.  Her  daughter  Mary  married  Robert  Courtenay, 
and  hence  it  may  have  been  that  William  de  Wigornia's 
descendant,  Sir  John  Cheverstone,  some  generations  afterward, 
devised  the  whole  of  his  property  to  the  Courtenays,  failing 
his  issue  by  Jane,  his  wife,  sister  of  his  kinsman,  Sir  Philip 
Courtenay  of  Powderham ;  thus  Cheverstone  has  descended 
in  the  Courtenay  family  since  the  reign  of  Richard  II. 

WTilliam  de  Wray,  who,  according  to  Sir  William  Pole  and 
others,  was  seised  of  North wyke  2/th  Henry  III.,  was  a 
grandson  of  William  de  Wigorn,  and  son  of  William  de  Chever- 
stone, and  the  uncle  of  Sir  John  Cheverstone,  who  owned  Wray, 
and  married  the  heir  of  Bozun,  through  which  match  he  obtained 
Ilton  Castle  and  other  property,  which  was  also  eventually 
devised  to  the  Courtenays.*  William  de  Wray  of  Northwyke, 
thus  described  in  1242,  seems  to  have  inherited  that  pro- 
perty, together  with  the  other  estates  in  South  Tawton,  now 
known  as  West  Wyke,  Middlewick,  Gooseford,  and  the  Manor 
of  Ash,  and  Ash  House  was  an  occasional  seat  of  the  younger 
sons  of  the  family  down  to  the  end  of  the  sixteenth  century, 
and  was  last  held,  as  a  residence,  by  John,  fourth  son  of  the 
real  "  Warrior  Wykes,"  who  was  buried  at  South  Tawton  in 
1597,  aged  forty-five.  Ash  Manor  was  an  appanage  of  the 
Royal  Manor  of  South  Tawton,  and  was  originally  held,  in 
partage  with  Queen  Githa,  by  Alric  the  Theign,  and  taxed 


Bellomonte,  and  had  sons,  Robert,   Earl  of  Mellent  and  Leicester,  and  Henry  of 
Newburgh,  Earl  of  Warwick. 

Robert  commanded  the  right  wing  of  the  Conqueror's  army  at  Hastings,  and  after- 
ward "exceeded  all  the  nobles  of  England  in  favour  and  riches."  His  son  Robert 
succeeded  to  the  Earldom  of  Leicester,  whilst  Waleran  inherited  the  Earldom  of 
Mellent,  and  became  officiary  Earl  of  Worcester  in  1144,  and  was  thence  known  as 
"Waleran  de  Wigornia."  He  was  the  father  of  Robert,  father  of  "  William  de 
Wigornia  "  of  South  Tawton,  and  of  Robert  de  Wigornia  of  Belston. 

*  See  Cheverstone  genealogy,  post. 


378  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

for  a  virgate  and  a  lialf  of  land.  In  1086  the  king  had  six 
villeins  and  one  serf  upon  Ash  Manor,  together  with  three 
ploughs.  William  de  Wray  was  succeeded  at  South  Tawton 
by  Walter  de  Wray  of  Wyke,  in  1278,  whose  son  William,  a 
younger  son  of  "Walter  of  Wyke,"  granted  to  "William,  son  of 
Anthony  "  of  Tavistock,  a  meadow  called  "  Blakedhic  mede,"  with 
metes  and  bounds,  reserving  a  six-foot  way  to  his  (the  grantor's) 
other  meadow,  called  "  Le  Ham,"  by  deed  dated  "  morrow  of  the 
Circumcision,  141!)  Edward  I."  (2nd  January,  1285-86).  This 
property  was  situated  at  Wilmington,  near  Tavistock.  Both  the 
Wykes,  and  their  connections  the  Beaumonts,  had  outlying 
property  at  Tavistock,  and  the  former  are  frequently  mentioned 
in  official  connection  with  the  Devonshire  Stannary.  The  son 
and  heir  of  Walter  de  Wray  of  Wyke,  Roger  de  Wray  of 
Northwyke,  appears  to  have  left  Walter  de  Wray  of  North- 
wyke,  son  and  heir,  and  "  John  atte  Wyke."  The  latter  was 
the  father  of  John  Wykes,  a  benefactor  to  Stapeldon  Hall, 
now  Exeter  College,  Oxford,  8th  November,  1358,  and  who 
was  Recorder  of  Exeter  from  1354-1379. 

The  Recorder's  uncle,  Walter  de  Wray  of  Northwyke,  was 
succeeded  by  his  son  Roger  de  Wray  of  North wyke  in  1345. 

The  Wray  estate  appears  to  have  been  settled  upon  the 
first  Walter's  younger  son,  William  of  Tavistock,  1285,  and  his 
heirs  of  body,  and  to  have  passed  with  his  daughter  and  heir 
to  a  certain  Ralph  Abbot  (see  Wray  genealogy,  post\  and 
by  the  marriage  of  Joane,  daughter  of  "  Archinalds  "  Abbot 
to  Norris.  During  the  reign  of  Richard  II.  it  again  reverted 
to  a  descendant  of  its  early  owners  by  the  marriage  of  Richard 
de  Wraye,  whose  branch  had  settled  at  "  Trussell,"  with 
Alice,  sister  and  heir  of  John  Norris,  and  afterward  descended, 
with  successive  heiresses,  to  Ford,  Corsett,  and  Southmeade. 
That  the  "Wrays"  of  "Trussell,"  now  represented  by  Sir 
Henry  B.  T.  Wray  of  Tawstock  Court,  are  collateral  kinsfolk 
of  the  Wykes,  is  proved  by  the  similarity  of  the  armorial 
bearings  of  the  two  families.  Until  they  removed  to  Trebitch, 
in  Cornwall,  they  resided  at  "Trussell,"  otherwise  Thrushelton, 
near  Maristow,  upon  some  barton  land,  to  which  they  had 
given  the  name  of  their  ancient  property  at  Moreton. 

The    children    of    "  Roger    de    Wray "    of    Northwyke    were 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  379 

contemporary  with  the  Abbots  of  Wray,  and  it  was  probably 
for  this  reason  that  they  abandoned  the  surname  of  Wray,  an 
estate  with  which  they  had  become  disassociated,  in  favour 
of  Wyke,  the  property  with  which  for  some  generations  they 
had  been  more  closely  identified.  John  (Risdon  calls  him 
"Joseph")  Wyke  replaced  John  Herle,  Sheriff  of  Devon,  during 
the  latter  portion  of  the  third  year  of  Henry  IV.,  and  "William 
Wyke  of  Northwyke,"  alive  in  1421,  commences  the  pedigree 
entered  at  the  earlier  visitations  of  the  Heralds  of  Arms,  which 
were  first  held  in  Devonshire  in  1531. 

He  married  Katherine,  daughter  and  heir  of  John  Burnell  of 
South  Tawton,  a  family  which  had  been  settled  for  several 
generations  at  Great  Cocktree  in  that  parish,  and  is  said  to  have 
made  his  wife's  home  the  principal  future  residence  of  himself 
and  his  immediate  successors.  That  the  King's  Royal  Manor 
of  Elintone,  in  South  Tawton,  which  also  belonged  to  the 
Wykes,  should  have  been  subsequently  known  as  "  Ilton,"  the 
name  of  the  Castle  in  the  parish  of  Marlborough,  built  by 
the  Cheverstones,  and  subsequently  left  to  the  Courtenays,  may 
be  another  slight,  but  quite  unnecessary,  proof  of  the  identity 
of  the  latter  name  with  that  of  Wykes.  These  two  "Iltons" 
are  the  only  places  so  called  in  Devonshire. 

William  Wykes  and  Katherine  Burnell  had  four  sons,  viz., 
John,  the  eldest,  who  married  into  the  Luttrell  family — the 
marriage  settlement  is  dated  in  1421 — and  died  childless; 
Richard  Wykes  of  Cocktree  and  Northwyke,  second  son  and 
heir  to  his  brother  ;  John,  whom  I  suppose  to  have  been  the 
ancestor  of  Weekes  of  Honeychurch,  and  who  will  be  referred 
to  later  on  ;  and  Roger  Wykes  of  Bindon,  in  the  parish  of 
Axmouth. 

This  Roger  Wykes,  by  grant  of  Nicholas  Bach,  dated 
7th  Henry  IV.,  1406,  appears  to  have  acquired  Bindon,  perhaps 
in  marriage  with  the  devisee's  daughter;  he  resided  there  after- 
ward, and  abandoned  his  paternal  for  his  maternal  arms,  and 
bore  the  coat  of  Burnell  of  Cocktree,  arg.t  three  barnacles,  sab., 
differenced  with  a  chevron,  enn.  By  his  marriage,  as  a  widower, 
with  Jane  Bisset,  he  obtained  a  life  interest  in  Radbours,  County 
Dorset.  He  was  buried  in  Trent  St.  Andrew's,  near  Sherborne. 
By  his  first  wife  he  left  a  son,  John,  who  married  into  the  house 


380  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

of  Camill  of  Shapwick,  and  had  issue  John,  whose  wife,  Eliza- 
beth Lyte,  of  Lytes-Cary,  County  Somerset,  brought  him  two 
sons,  John  and  Richard.  The  latter  eventually  succeeded  as 
heir  of  entail  to  his  nephew  William  Wykes,  married  a  Somaster, 
and  left  four  daughters,  who  married  Giffard,  Hays,  Barry,  and 
Erie,  and  amongst  them  and  their  descendants  the  property 
became  divided.  Mary  Wykes,  the  youngest  daughter,  was  the 
wife  of  Walter  Erie,  who  purchased  his  brother-in-law  Giffard's 
share,  and  made  Bindon  his  residence.  He  was  the  grandfather 
of  Sir  Walter  Erie,  a  distinguished  Parliamentary  general,  whose 
grandson,  General  Erie,  commanded  the  centre  of  the  English 
army  at  the  battle  of  Almanza,  1707.  The  latter's  daughter, 
Frances,  married  Sir  Edward  Erie,  Bart,  of  Maddington,  Wilt- 
shire, and  their  only  child  was  the  wife  of  Henry  Drax,  of 
Ellerton  Abbey,  Yorkshire,  secretary  to  Frederick,  Prince  of 
Wales.  Bindon  was  sold  by  her  son  Thomas  Erie  Drax,  who 
married  Mary,  daughter  of  Lord  St.  John  of  Bletshoe.  Two  of 
the  sisters  of  the  last  owner  of  Bindon  were  the  Ladies  Berkeley 
and  Castlehaven,  another  was  the  wife  of  Sir  William  Hanham, 
Bart.  The  Charborough  Park  estate  and  other  property,  inherited 
from  Wykes  through  Camill,  descended  to  the  late  Mr.  J.  S. 
Sawbridge,  M.P.,  who  assumed  the  name  of  Drax  by  Royal 
licence,  and  his  daughters  and  their  issue  still  represent  the 
family  of  Wykes  of  Bindon. 

To  return  to  Northwyke.  Richard  Wyke,  of  Northvvyke 
and  Cocktree,  brother  of  Roger  of  Bindon,  was  dead  in  1476, 
by  his  wife,  to  whom  he  had  been  married  at  least  thirty-eight 
years,  and  who  was  a  daughter  of  John  Avenel,  of  Blackpool, 
one  of  the  direct  representatives  of  the  ancient  Earls  of  Devon, 
of  the  house  of  Redvers,  as  I  have  shown  elsewhere,*  he  had 
three  sons  and  a  daughter,  Margaret,  who  married  one  of  the 
Whiddons  of  Chagford,  and  was  the  grandmother  of  the  well- 
known  Judge  Whiddon,  who  died  in  1575. 

It  is  to  be  feared  that  this  Richard  Wykes  alienated  much  of 
the  family  property.  It  was  about  his  time  that  the  Battishills 
became  settled  at  Westwyke,  and  it  is  certain,  from  an  extant 
conveyance,  that  he  sold  a  considerable  portion  of  the  manor 

*  See  my  Suburbs  of  Exeter,  sub.   "Earldom  of  Devon,"  pp.  81-87,  etc. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  381 

of  East  Ayshe  to  his  neighbour,  Richard  Northmorc  of  Well 
(see  Northmore  Pedigree,  ante).  The  deed  is  dated  4th  Edward 
IV.,  A.D.  1464.  It  was  also  about  this  period  that  the  Milfords 
(evidently  a  place-name,  Mill-ford}  became  settled  at  Wigginton, 
alias  Wyke-Town ;  the  first  of  them,  described  as  of  Wiccanton 
in  the  Heralds'  Visitation  of  1620,  was  buried  at  South  Tawton, 
in  1588. 

Richard  Wykes'  son,  William,  is  described  as  of  Northwyke, 
in  1476;  it  is  shown  by  an  Inquisition,  I5th  Henry  VIII.,  that 
his  son  of  the  same  name  duly  succeeded  to  Northwyke ;  the 
latter,  by  his  wife  Jane  Prideaux  of  Thuborough,  in  the  parish 
of  Sutcombe  (a  baronetcy,  recently  extinct,  was  afterwards 
created  in  this  family)  had  sons,  John,  Richard,  William,  and 
Thomas,  and  a  daughter,  Jane,  the  wife  of  John  Baron. 

The  eldest  son,  John,  commences  the  pedigree  of  the  family 
entered  at  the  Heralds'  Visitation  of  1620,  and  is  duly  described 
as  "John  Wykes,  of  Northwyke,  in  com.  Devon,  Esq."  His  first 
wife,  and  the  mother  of  his  family,  was  Elizabeth,  a  co-heir  of 
the  Pokeswells  of  Criston,  co.  Somerset  ;  but  he  married, 
secondly,  a  kinswoman,  Jane,  daughter  of  Walter  Wray,  of 
W7ray,  in  Thrushelton,  and  left  her  a  widow,  loth  August,  1545. 

His  son  and  heir,  John  Wykes,  of  Northwyke,  was  "aged  20 
years  and  more  in  1545."  He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Sir 
Roger  Gifford,  Knight,  of  Brightleigh,  a  direct  ancestor  of  the 
present  Lord  Chancellor,  died  at  the  end  of  October,  1591,  and 
was-  buried  in  South  Tawton  church  on  the  following  first  of 
November.  He  was  evidently  the  "Warrior  Wykes"  of  the 
local  tradition  already  mentioned.  His  fine  specimen  of  an 
Elizabethan  tomb  may  be  seen  in  the  noith,  or  "  Wyke's 
aisle,"  of  the  parish  church,  and  supports  his  full-length 
effigy  clad  in  the  half  armour  and  enormous  ruff  of  the 
period. 

He  left  a  large  family — eight  sons  and  three  daughters — and 
of  them  it  is  only  necessary  to  mention  here  the  two  eldest, 
Roger  and  Mark,  and  to  the  latter  I  shall  presently  refer  again. 
The  eldest  son,  Roger  Wykes  of  Northwyke,  whose  will  was 
proved  at  Exeter,  in  February,  1603-4,  was  the  father  of  John 
"  Wikes "  of  "  Northwicke,"  alive  in  1620.  His  wife,  Grace, 
was  of  the  good  old  county  family  of  Arscott  of  Tetcott,  and  by 


382  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

her  he  had  seven  children ;  of  these  his  eldest  son,  Roger,  pre- 
deceased him,  and  is  the  last  entered  upon  the  Visitation 
Pedigree,  in  which  he  is  described  as  "over  15  years  of  age"  in 
1620.  He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Thomas  Southcote  of 
Mohuns  Ottery,  and  a  member  of  a  well-known  county  family. 

His  second  son,  John  Wikes,  baptized  2nd  May,  1611, 
married  Priscilla  Kingwell,  and  succeeded  his  nephew,  John 
Wykes  of  Northwyke,  as  heir  'male  at  law,  in  1661,  and  died 
in  1680,  but  was  unjustly  deprived  of  his  heritage,  under  cir- 
cumstances which  may  well  be  regarded  as  a  romance  of 
history.  By  his  wife  Priscilla  Kingwell,  widow  of  Richard 
Hole,  he  had  two  sons  and  three  daughters ;  his  eldest  son 
died  before  him  unmarried  ;  the  younger,  Roger  Wikes,  was 
twice  married,  died  at  sea  in  1694,  and  left  an  only  daughter 
and  heir,  Grace,  who  was  baptized  at  South  Tawton,  23rd 
April,  1673. 

John  Wykes,  son  of  Roger,  and  Mary  Southcote,  and  who 
had  a  sister  Katherine,  the  second  wife  of  Edmund  Parker 
of  Boringdon,  ancestor  of  Lord  Morley,  succeeded  to  North- 
wyke upon  the  death  of  his  grandfather.  He  was  of  an 
exceedingly  weak  and  vacillating  disposition,  and  fell  into 
the  hands  of  designing  men,  who,  after  his  early  death,  from 
phthisis,  in  1661,  at  about  the  age  of  twenty-five,  literally 
entered  upon  Northwyke  at  the  point  of  the  sword,  as  will 
be  fully  explained  hereafter.  I  have  now,  however,  to  return 
to  Mark  Wykes,  his  great-great-uncle,  and  his  great-grand- 
father's second  brother. 

This  Mark,  the  favourite  son  of  his  mother,  Mary  Giffard, 
was  settled  at  South  Tawton  upon  an  estate  known  as  Colli- 
bear ;  he  was  twice  married,  and  had  issue  by  both  alliances. 
His  eldest  son,  John  Wykes  of  Collibear,  by  his  wife  Joan  Hole 
of  Blackball,  in  South  Tawton,  was  the  father  of  John  Wykes 
of  Collibear,  whose  son,  Nathaniel  Wykes  of  Swansea,  claimed 
the  Northwyke  estates  as  heir  male  at  law,  upon  the  death, 
at  sea,  of  his  kinsman  Roger  Wyke?,  in  1694.  His  pedigree  is 
duly  set  forth  in  the  pleadings  connected  with  this  memorable 
Chancery  suit,  which  extended  over  forty  years,  and  was  never 
satisfactorily  settled.  He  had  several  children,  and  of  them  his 
son,  Nathaniel,  was  the  father  of  William  Wykes,  buried  at 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  383 

South  Tawton,  9th  November,  1800,  whose  only  daughter  and 
heir,  Mary  Wykes,  was  married  to  Charles,  grandson  of  Wil- 
liam Finch,  who  married  Agnes  Lambert  of  South  Tawton,  in 
1719  ;  he  was  of  the  Kentish  family  which  claims  a  common 
origin  with  the  Herberts,  Earls  of  Pembroke,  and  which  is 
now  represented  in  the  peerage  by  the  Earls  of  Winchilsea. 
Mary  Wykes  had  a  son,  Charles  Finch,  baptized  at  South 
Tawton,  i8th  February,  1798,  who  was  the  father  of  the  Rev. 
William  Finch,  M.A.,  St.  John's  College,  Cambridge,  now  of 
Northwyke  in  the  parish  of  South  Tawton,  and  of  Chaddesley 
Corbett,  co.  Worcester. 

Mr.  Finch,  of  Northwyke,  married  a  daughter  and  co-heir 
of  Josiah  Perrin,  of  Wharton,  co.  Chester,  and  maternally 
descended  from  John  Dudley  of  Davenham,  co.  Chester. 


WEEKES    OF    HONEYCHURCH. 

The  connection  between  this  family,  and  that  of  which  I  have 
just  previously  treated,  must  doubtless  be  referred  to  a  certain 
Robert  Wyke,  whose  daughter  Joan  married  John  de  Honey- 
churche  late  in  the  fifteenth  century,  who  resided  at  Tavistock, 
but  was  the  owner  of  land  in  Honeychurch,  situated  seven 
miles  from  Oakhampton,  from  about  the  reign  of  Henry  III. 

This  Robert  Wyke  was  contemporary  with  William  Wykes  of 
Northwyke,  who  I  consider  must  have  been  his  first  cousin,  and 
the  nephew  of  his  father,  John  Wykes,  who  was  living  in  1435. 
Otherwise  the  arms  of  Wyke  of  Northwyke  would  not  have  been 
admitted  to  "  Weeks  of  Honeychurch,"  as  they  appear  to  have 
been  at  the  Heralds'  Visitation  of  1620. 

That  the  primary  settlement  of  this  branch  at  Honeychurch 
was  due  to  the  marriage  of  Joan  Wykes  with  John  de  Honey- 
church  is  tolerably  certain,  but  there  is  a  hiatus  in  their  history 
for  three  generations,  since  the  ancestor  of  Weekes  of  Honey- 
church,  as  recorded  at  the  Visitation  referred  to,  was  "  Sir 
Richard  Weekes,  Knight,  of  Honeychurch  "  (contemporary  with 
John  Wykes  of  Northwyke,  "  aged  20  years  and  more,  1545"), 
and  who  is  reputed  to  have  married  an  unknown  daughter  of 
Cary  of  Clovelly.  Sir  Richard  was  the  grandfather  of  Simon 


384  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Weekes,  also  of  Honeychurch,  whose  son  William  married 
Arminell,  daughter  of  John  Yeo  of  Hatherley  by  his  wife 
Anne,  daughter  of  William  Honeychurch  of  Honeychurch  and 
Tavistock. 

Their  son  Simon  seems  to  have  removed  to  Broadwood- 
Kelly,  and  his  eldest  son  Francis  Weekes,  aged  thirty  in  1620, 
married  Wilmot  Coffin  of  Portledge,  and  had  six  sons  and  a 
daughter.  Of  these,  Richard  Weekes,  the  third  son,  resided  at 
Hatherleigh,  was  a  "  gentleman  pensioner,"  that  is  to  say,  a 
member  of  the  body  now  known  as  "  The  Honourable  Corps  of 
Gentlemen  at  Arms,"  and  died  in  the  Fleet  Prison  in  February, 
1670. 

Mr.  Richard  Weekes  seems  to  have  been  little  better  than  a 
common  adventurer,  and  his  history  has  been  handed  down  to  us, 
very  clearly,  through  the  medium  of  original  documents  filed  in 
the  Court  of  Cliancery ;  he  made  the  acquaintance  of  poor 
young  John  Wykes  of  Northwyke,  persuaded  him  that  he  was  a 
near  relative,  although  the  family  at  that  time,  or  since,  have  had 
no  clue  even  to  the  slight  connection,  which  doubtless  subsisted 
between  them,  as  above  explained,  and  persuaded  him,  to  the 
prejudice  of  his  immediate  relatives,  to  execute  a  conveyance  of 
the  Northwyke  estates  in  his  favour. 

John  Wykes  of  Northwyke  was,  as  I  have  already  said,  a 
victim  to  consumption.  Shortly  before  his  death,  in  1661,  his 
friend,  and  very  remote  kinsman,  of  the  Royal  bodyguard 
persuaded  him,  in  opposition  to  the  wishes  of  his  widowed 
mother  and  of  his  only  sister  Katherine,  afterwards  Mrs.  Parker 
of  Boringdon,  to  undertake  a  journey  to  Plymouth  on  the 
pretence  of  some  special  medical  advice.  Ultimately  John 
Wykes  was  induced  to  execute  a  deed  of  settlement,  dated 
2Qth  August,  1661,  of  the  whole  of  his  property,  inclusive  of  the 
ancient  seat  of  the  family,  to  this  Richard,  under  great  pressure 
by  the  latter,  and  two  medical  men,  his  near  relatives,  whom  he 
had  secured  in  his  interests.  But  this  conveyance  was  endorsed 
with  a  power  of  verbal  revocation,  and  left  in  the  custody  of  the 
young  squire  of  Northwyke,  who  then  insisted  on  returning 
forthwith  to  South  Tawton.  He  died  at  Northwyke  shortly 
afterward,  but  in  his  last  moments  expressed  sorrow  to  his 
mother,  sister,  and  other  witnesses,  for  the  action  adverse 


DE  VO.VSHIRE     WILLS.  385 

to  their  interests,  which  he  had  been  induced  to  take,  and 
solemnly  revoked  the  deed  by  word  of  mouth,  but  failed 
to  cancel  it  in  writing. 

John  Wykes  was  gathered  to  his  ancestors  on  Saturday, 
2 ist  September,  1661,  and  on  the  following  Sunday  evening 
Mr.  Richard  Weekes  made  his  appearance  at  Northwyke,  stated 
that  he  was  "  come  to  perform  the  devil's  part  and  his  own," 
drew  his  sword,  and  held  it  at  the  breast  of  Katherine  Wykcs 
and  her  mother,  and  threatened  to  kill  them  both  unless  they 
forthwith  left  the  house  and  gave  him  quiet  possession. 

Ultimately,  as  sworn  in  the  "  pleadings,"  he  knocked  down 
the  sister,  locked  up  the  mother,  then  broke  into  the  room 
where  "  all  the  deeds,  evidences,  and  writings  of  the  family " 
were  preserved,  and  carried  them  away.  He  survived  for  nine 
years,  and  died  a  prisoner  for  debt  in  London,  as  I  have 
already  stated,  in  1670.  His  son  Richard,  despite  the  pro- 
tracted Chancery  proceedings,  entered  into  possession  by  virtue 
of  the  deed  of  settlement,  which  had  been  duly  signed  and 
sealed  by  John  Wykes  before  he  left  Plymouth  ;  married  the 
daughter  of  Mr.  John  Northmore  of  Well  (see  Northmore 
history,  ante),  and  left  at  his  decease,  1696,  three  sons  and 
three  daughters. 

The  eldest  son,  John  Weekes,  succeeded  to  Northwyke, 
married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  William  Northmore,  of  Throw- 
ley,  and  was  buried  at  Lezant  in  1750.  He  had  no  family, 
and  in  consideration  of  an  annuity  he  sold  the  Northwyke 
estates  to  his  sisters  during  his  lifetime. 

The  manor  of  Ilton  was  thus  conveyed  to  Robert  Hole  of 
Zeal  Monachorum,  the  husband  of  Martha  Weekes,  together 
with  Great  Cocktree  and  other  lands.  Northwyke  became  the 
property  of  George  Hunt  of  North  Bovey,  the  second  husband 
of  Elizabeth  Weekes,  who  administered  to  her  brother's  effects, 
unadministered,  in  1751. 

There  are  said  to  have  been  more  than  a  hundred  different 
suits  in  respect  of  the  Northwyke  lands  between  the  years 
1 66 1  and  1700.  Of  late  years  the  old  mansion  has  been 
divided  into  two  farmhouses,  but  is  rich  in  mullioned  windows 
and  fine  oak  panelling  of  the  Elizabethan  period.  It  was  not, 
however,  as  recently  stated  in  a  newspaper,  "  the  residence  of  a 
26 


386  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Lord  Chief  Justice  Hunt  in  the  sixteenth  century,"  and  history, 
moreover,  is  silent  as  to  any  such  individual  of  the  race  of  Hunt. 

It  has  recently  been  sold  by  the  executors  of  a  late  owner, 
together  with  four  hundred  acres  of  the  surrounding  property, 
and  has  been  promptly  purchased  for  over  ^4,000  by  the 
Rev.  William  Finch,  who,  as  I  have  already  shown,  is  the  great 
grandson,  twice  removed,  of  Nathaniel  Wykes  of  Swansea,  who 
became  the  head  of  the  family  of  Wykes  of  Northwyke  and 
South  Tawton  in  1694. 

The  Arms  of  Wykes  of  Northwyke,  allowed  also  to  Weekes 
of  Honeychurch  in  1620,  are,  ermine,  three  battleaxes,  sable. 
The  Northwyke  family  quarter  Burnell,  Avenel,  and  Powkes- 
well. 

The  Honeychurch  branch  was  entitled  to  quarter  Kelly  by 
the  marriage  of  Richard,  eldest  grandson  of  Sir  Richard  Weekes, 
with  Alice,  daughter  and  heir  of  Henry  Kelly,  but  the  right 
passed  with  her  daughter  and  heir  to  the  Hay  dons  of  Ottery 
St,  Mary. 

South  Tawton  extends  over  10,878  acres  of  land,  five 
thousand  of  which  were  owned  by  the  Wykes  of  Northwyke 
for  many  centuries. 


CHEVERSTONE  OF  CHEVERSTONE,  WRAY,  EAST 
AYSHE,  AND  ILTON. 

"  William  de  Wigornia,"  son  of  Robert  de  Bellomonte,  Earl  of 
Mellent,  son  and  heir  of  Walleran,  officiary  Earl  of  Worcester, 
and  whose  brother,  Roger  de  Wigornia,  or  "de  Wyrescestrin," 
also  styled  "  Roger  de  Meuelent,"  was  a  churchman,  and  held 
the  prebendal  stall  of  Bromesbury  in  St.  Paul's  Cathedral  in 
1 192  (Reg.  Dec.  and  Cap.,  Lond.,  f.  57),  obtained  a  grant  of 
the  above  manors,  with  the  exception  of  Ilton,  during  the  reign 
of  Henry  II.,  as  shown  by  the  preceding  history  of  the  family 
of  "  Wykes  of  Northwyke." 

He  appears  to  have  had  a  son,  William,  who  certainly  in- 
herited the  South  Tawton  manor  of  Ayshe,  and  is  mentioned 
also  as  the  owner  of  Wray,  in  Moreton-Hampstead.  He  seems 
to  have  assumed  the  name  of  his  Kenton  property  and  to  have 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  387 

been  known  as  "  William  de  Cheverstone."  He  was  the  father 
of  "  William  de  Wray,"  who  was  found  seised  of  Northwyke 
in  1242,  and  also  of  another  son,  "  Sir  John  de  Cheverstone," 
whose  son,  of  the  same  knightly  rank  and  name,  acquired 
Iltcn  Castle,  in  the  parish  of  Marlborough,  near  Kingsbridge, 
in  marriage  with  a  co-heir  of  Bozun,  whose  sister,  the  other 
co-heir,  married  Ferrers  of  Bere.  His  son,  Ralph  Cheverstone 
of  Ilton,  temp.  Henry  III.,  has  been  described  as  the  "father," 
but  was  actually  the  grandfather  of  Sir  John  Cheverstone, 
whose  wife  was  Joan,  a  daughter  of  Hugh,  Earl  of  Devon, 
and  sister  of  Sir  Philip  Courtenay  of  Powderham. 

The  last  Sir  John's  father,  John  Cheverstone,  had  license, 
9th  Edward  III.,  to  castellate  his  residence  at  "Ydilton"  (Ilton) 
as  shown  by  the  Patent  Rolls  of  the  year  1335,  and  the  latter 
had  also  a  daughter  who  married  into  the  Halwell  family,  of 
Harberton,  and  left  a  son,  Thomas  de  Halwell. 

Sir  John  Cheverstone  the  younger,  by  deed  of  settlement, 
gave  the  reversion  of  the  whole  of  his  property  to  his  brother- 
in-law,  Sir  Philip  Courtenay,  failing  his  own  male  issue.  His 
wife,  Joan  Courtenay,  is  mentioned  in  her  mother's  will,  dated 
28th  January,  1390,  and,  although  the  Courtenays  duly  suc- 
ceeded to  the  Clieverstone  estates  by  virtue  of  the  con- 
ditional reversion,  Thomas  de  Halwell,  upon  his  uncle's  death, 
became  heir  general  at  law. 

The  latter's  descendant,  Sir  John  Halwell,  appears  to  have 
assumed  the  arms  of  Cheverstone,  and  immediately  after  the 
accession  of  Henry  VII.,  1485,  he  commenced  an  action 
against  Sir  William  Courtenay  of  Powderham,  for  the  recovery 
of  the  Cheverstone  estates.  After  a  tedious  litigation,  which 
extended  over  some  years,  it  was  ultimately  decreed  that  the 
Courtenays  should  continue  in  the  quiet  possession  of  their 
land,  as  they  have  since  done,  but  only  after  payment  to  the 
plaintiff  of  the  sum  of  one  thousand  pounds,  upon  a  day  named 
"  within  the  King's  Tower  of  London." 

Sir  William  Courtenay,  who  survived  until  1512,  was  ex- 
ceedingly indignant  at  this  award,  after  the  lapse  of  so  many 
years  of  undisputed  possession  of  the  lands,  and  is  said  to  have 
counted  the  money  out  to  his  antagonist  in  groats,  which  he 
maintained  to  be  an  ancient,  and  still  strictly  legal,  tender. 


388  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

These  Halwells  of  Harberton  must  not  be  confounded  with 
their  namesakes  of  the  "House  of  Brito"  (ante,  p.  353),  there 
were,  and  are,  several  places  in  the  county  called  Hal  well, 
the  word  being  a  corruption  of  "  Holy-well."  (See  my  Ash- 
burton  and  its  Neighbourhood,  p.  7.) 

Sir  John  Halwell  of  Harberton  had  a  son  and  heir,  Richard, 
and  is  also  asserted  to  have  had  another  son,  the  father  of 
Andrew  "  Holwell,"  to  whom  I  shall  presently  refer.  Richard 
Halwell,  son  and  heir  of  Sir  John,  married  Anne,  daughter  and 
heir  of  Sir  John  Norbury,  by  whom  he  had  an  only  daughter, 
Jane,  erroneously  described  (Lyson's,  Magna  Britannia,  Devon, 
Vol.  I.,  p.  clxvi.)  as  the  eldest  of  "  six  co-heiresses." 

The  five  ladies  thus  cited,  minus  one,  "  Fridiswide,"  who  has 
been  omitted  entirely,  were  the  daughters  of  the  said  Jane 
Halwell,  by  her  marriage  with  Sir  Edmund  Bray,  Knt,  who 
was  summoned  to  Parliament  as  Lord  Bray,  2ist  Henry  VIII. 
Jane's  only  son,  the  second  Lord  Bray,  died  s.p.  in  1557;  her 
eldest  daughter,  Anne  Bray,  was  the  wife  of  George  Brooke, 
Lord  Cobham  ;  her  grandsons,  Henry,  Lord  Cobham,  and  his 
younger  brother,  George  Brooke,  were  both  attainted,  conse- 
quently the  abeyance  of  the  Bray  barony  was  permitted  in 
1839,  to  the  descendant  and  representative  of  Jane  Hal  well's 
second  daughter,  Elizabeth  Bray,  who  married  Sir  Ralph 
Verney,  the  ancestor  of  Sir  John  Verney,  created  Baron  Verney 
and  Viscount  Fermanagh  by  Queen  Anne.  The  third  daughter 
of  Lord  Fermanagh,  Margaret  Verney,  married  Sir  Thomas 
Cave,  and  her  great-granddaughter,  Sarah  Cave,  became,  with 
Royal  permission,  Lady  Bray,  in  her  own  right,  at  the  date 
above  mentioned. 

Lady  Bray  married  Henry  Otway  of  Castle  Otway,  and 
survived  all  her  four  sons.  At  her  death,  in  1862,  the  Bray 
barony  again  fell  into  abeyance  between  her  four  surviving 
daughters,  and  was  terminated,  in  1879,  by  the  youngest  of 
them,  Henrietta,  the  wife  of  the  Rev.  E.  Wyatt-Edgell,  and 
the  mother  of  the  present  Lord  Braye,*  whose  eldest  brother, 
as  Adjutant  of  the  I7th  Lancers,  was  killed  in  action  at 
Ulundi,  4th  July,  1879. 

*  The  name,  now  thus  written,  appears  to  have  been  originally  spelt  as  above. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  389 

Jane  Halwell's  great-grandson  by  her  eldest  daughter  Anne, 
was,  with  his  brother,  Lord  Cobham,  implicated  in  the  plot 
known  as  "  Ralegh's  Conspiracy,"  for  the  asserted  advancement 
of  Arabella  Stuart  to  the  throne,  in  1603,  and  (although  the 
principal  actors,  inclusive  of  his  brother,  were  reprieved,  and 
the  sentence  upon  Sir  Walter  Ralegh  was  not  carried  out 
until  1618),  George  Brooke  was  executed,  his  property  was 
attached,  and  his  attainder  was  never  reversed;  he  married, 
however,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Thomas,  last  Lord  Borough, 
and  had  an  only  son,  Sir  William  Brooke,  Knight  of  the  Bath, 
whose  wife  was  Penelope,  daughter  of  Sir  Moses  Hill,  by  whom 
he  had  three  daughters,  the  eldest  of  whom,  by  her  second 
marriage  with  Sir  William  Boothby,  had  an  eldest  son,  William 
Boothby,  who  inherited  the  baronetcy  at  the  decease  of  his 
step-brother's  son,  Sir  Henry  Boothby,  and  a  younger  son, 
Brooke  Boothby,  whose  son  of  the  same  name  became  the 
sixth  baronet  in  1787,  and  was  the  great-great-grandfather  of 
Sir  Brooke  Boothby,  the  present  baronet,  of  Broadlovv  Ash, 
co.  Derby,  who  is,  therefore,  the  direct  representative  and  heir 
at  law  of  the  Cheverstones  of  Kenton  and  Ilton. 

As  I  have  previously  remarked,  however,  Sir  John  Halwell, 
who  recovered  the  large  sum  of  one  thousand  pounds  in  his 
litigation  with  the  Courtenays,  in  right  of  his  descent  from 
Ann,  sister  and  heir  general  of  Sir  John  Cheverstone  of  Ilton. 
the  husband  of  Joan  Courtenay,  is  said  to  have  had  a  younger 
son,  who  was  the  father  of  a  certain  Andrew  "  Holwell,"  who 
died  in  1624,  and  who  was  the  ancestor  of  an  Exeter  physician, 
William  Holwell,  whose  grandson,  Edward  Holwell,  of  Exeter, 
married  Isabella  Newte,  of  Tiverton,  and  was  the  father  of  the 
Rev.  William  Holwell,  Fellow  of  Exeter  College,  Oxford, 
1779-93,  when  he  was  presented  to  the  vicarage  of  Menheniot. 
He  afterwards  married  Lady  Charlotte  Hay,  eldest  daughter 
of  the  fourteenth  Lord  Erroll,  whose  son,  the  sixteenth  Earl, 
assumed  his  mother's  name  of  Carr,  a  course  which  was  also 
adopted  by  Lady  Charlotte's  husband  in  1798,  as  additional 
to  his  own  name. 

Mr.  Holwell-Carr,  who  died  in  London  in  1830,  was  a 
distinguished  amateur  artist  and  Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society. 
He  painted  a  portrait  of  Sir  William  Petre,  which  he  presented 


390  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

to  Exeter  College,  and  bequeathed  his  fine  gallery  of  examples 
of  the  Italian  School,  including  da  Vinci's  "  Christ  disputing 
with  the  Doctors,"  to  the  National  Gallery. 

The    Cheverstones   bore   a   "canting"   coat,  viz.,   "or,   on   a 
bend,  gules,  three  goats  passant,  arg." 


THE    WREYS    OF    TAWSTOCK. 

As  I  have  shown  in  the  preceding  genealogies,  William  de 
Wigornia  appears  to  have  left  the  whole  of  his  Devonshire 
property  to  his  son  William,  who  assumed  the  name  of 
Cheverstone,  from  the  Kenton  manor  of  that  name,  which, 
from  the  time  of  Sir  John  Cheverstone,  who  died  in  the  reign 
of  Richard  the  second,  has  belonged,  by  devise  of  the  latter, 
to  the  Powderham  branch  of  the  Courtenay  family,  whose  right 
to  the  Earldom  of  Devon,  dormant  after  1556,  was  admitted 
to  Sir  William  Courtenay,  Viscount  Courtenay  of  Powderham, 
in  1831.*  But  the  manor  of  Wray,  in  Moreton-Hampstead,  of 
which  the  said  William  de  Cheverstone  was  seised  in  the 
reign  of  King  John,  was  evidently  given  to  his  other  son 
William,  who  is  known  as  William  de  Wray,  and  whose  prin- 
cipal residence,  in  1242,  was  at  Northwyke.  This  William  de 
Wray  of  Northwyke,  had  a  son,  Walter  de  Wray,  of  Northwyke, 
in  1278,  who,  as  I  have  already  shown,  p.  378,  ante,  was  the 
father  of  Roger  de  Wray,  who  carried  on  the  line  of  North- 
wyke, and  also  of  "William,  son  of  Walter  of  Wyke,"  1285-86, 
and  I  can  only  conclude  that  this  last  "  William  "  must  have 
inherited  Wray,  and  have  left  it  to  his  daughter  and  heir,  the 
wife  of  Ralph  Abbot,  as  the  latter  was  found  seised  of  it  early 
in  the  fourteenth  century. 

The  family  known  as  Le  Abbe,  or  Abbot,  were  at  an  early 
date  settled  upon  the  manor  of  Loughtor,  within  the  parish  of 
Plympton  St.  Mary,  and  were  also  the  owners  of  the  manor 
and  church  of  Washfield,  near  Tiverton.  I  believe  Ralph 
Abbot  of  Wray  to  have  been  a  son  of  William  Abbot  of 
Loughtor,  another  of  whose  sons,  Walter  Abbot,  presented  to 
Washfield  Church  in  1335,  and  had  an  only  daughter  and  heir, 

*  See  my  Earldom  of  Devon  (Suburbs  E.von.,  pp.   74-118  and  200-202). 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  391 

Alice  Abbot,  who  married  Humphry,  second  son  of  Hugh 
Beauchamp  of  White  Lackington,  co.  Somerset,  and  gave  the 
manor  and  advowson  of  Washfield  to  her  son,  Hugh  Beau- 
champ,  whose  eventual  co-heir,  Margery  Beauchamp,  brought 
them  to  her  husband,  Thomas  Wortlie  of  Worth,  in  the  same 
parish  ;  and  "  Great  Beauchamp,"  then  the  old  seat  of  the 
manor  of  Washfield,  in  distinction  to  that  of  Worth,  was  the 
only  property  reserved  from  the  sale  of  the  ancient  Worth 
estates,  which  was  effected  in  the  years  1887  and  1888.  (See 
ante,  p.  52,  and  Worth  of  Worth,  post.} 

Ralph  Abbot  was  the  father  of  Walter  Abbot  of  Wray,  and 
grandfather  of  Arkonald  Abbot,  whose  daughter  and  heir, 
Joane,  was  the  wife  of  John  Norris,  and  the  latter's  daughter, 
Alice  Norris,  eventually  inherited  Wray,  upon  the  deaths  of 
her  grand-nephews  Thomas  and  John  Norris,  successively  of 
Wray,  and  who  died  without  issue. 

This  Alice  Norris  married  a  certain  "  Richard  de  Wray," 
a  match  which  has  created  a  considerable  amount  of  confusion 
as  to  the  actual  earlier  habitation  of  the  Wreys  of  Tawstock, 
whose  pedigree,  entered  at  the  Heralds'  Visitation  of  Devon- 
shire, in  1564  (Colby,  p.  213),  commences  with  "William  Wray 
of  Wray,"  great-grandfather  of  "  Walter  Wraye  of  North 
Russell,"  whereas  the  said  William  Wray  was  actually  of  Wray, 
in  North  Thrushelton,  otherwise  "  North  Russell,"  and  not,  as 
might  be  inferred  from  this  description,  of  Wray  in  Moreton 
Hampstead. 

That  the  Wrays  of  North  Thrushelton,  near  Tavistock,  were 
cadets  of  the  house  of  Wray  of  South  Tawton,  is  sufficiently 
evident  from  their  coat  armour,  which,  but  for  tincture  and  for 
one  of  the  due  differences  of  the  period,  is  identical  with  the 
arms  borne  by  the  Wrays,  afterward  Wykes,  of  South  Tawton, 
and  it  is  probable  that  "  William  Wray  "  of  North  Thrushelton, 
who  gave  his  name  to  his  residence  within  that  manor,  which 
had  been  held  in  the  reign  of  Edward  III.  by  the  Talbots, 
and  who  seems  to  have  become  possessed  of  it  during  the 
latter  half  of  the  fourteenth  century,  was  a  younger  son  of 
Walter  de  Wray  of  Northwyke,  whose  son  and  heir,  Roger 
de  Wray,  was  seised  of  Northwyke  in  1346. 

It  is  quite  possible  that  "  Richard  de  Wraye,"  the  husband 


392  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

of  Alice  Norris  of  Wray,  in  Moreton  Hampstead,  was  a 
descendant  of  William  Wray  of  Wray  in  North  Thrushelton, 
or  he  may  have  been  quite  unconnected  with  the  old  "  de 
Wrays,"  and  may  have  simply  been  known  from  his  habitation, 
jure  uxoris,  upon  his  wife's  property  of  that  name.  On  the 
other  hand,  his  wife,  Alice,  cannot  have  succeeded  to  that 
property  until  late  in  life,  upon  the  decease,  without  issue,  of 
John  Norris  of  Wray,  the  last  of  her  grand-nephews,  yet  as 
the  somewhat  peculiar  name  of  "Erkenwald"  (pronounced 
Arkonald)  was  perpetuated  in  the  Wykes'  family,  who  only 
abandoned  the  name  of  Wray  in  favour  of  Wykes  during  the 
reign  of  Richard  II.,  the  evidence,  on  the  whole,  appears  to 
be  in  favour  of  the  conclusion  that  "Richard  de  Wraye"  was 
a  cadet  of  the  Wrays  of  Northwyke  and  Thrushelton,  but  he 
was  certainly  nothing  more  than  a  collateral  relative  of  the 
Wreys  of  Tawstock,  as  his  issue  was  confined  to  an  only 
daughter  and  heir,  Christian  Wraye,  upon  whose  marriage  with 
Richard  de  la  Ford,  the  name  of  Wray  became  extinct  at 
Moreton  Hampstead. 

William  Wray  of  Wray  and  Thrushelton,  and,  presumably, 
a  younger  son  of  Walter  de  Wray  of  Northwyke,  had  sons, 
Walter  Wray  of  Wray,  and  Thomas  Wray,  second  son. 

Walter  Wray  was  the  father  of  Robert  Wray,  who,  by  his 
wife  Constance,  daughter  of  John  Shilston,  had  four  sons,  and 
a  daughter,  Alice,  the  wife  of  John  Glanville. 

Of  the  sons,  I  think  it  quite  probable  that  Robert  Wray, 
the  youngest  of  them,  and  uncle  of  Jane  Wykes  of  Northwyke, 
may  have  been  identical  with  the  husband  of  Alice  Norris, 
called  "  Richard  "  Wraye  in  the  unsigned  Southmeade  pedigree, 
which  is  included  in  the  original  "  Visitation  of  Devon,"  and 
which  is  certainly  more  or  less  unreliable ;  Robert  Wray's 
eldest  brother,  Walter  "  Wraye,"  the  first  described  in  the 
pedigree  of  1564  as  of  "North  Russell,"  married  Bridget, 
daughter  of  Robert  Shilstone,  and  had  a  daughter,  Jane, 
incidentally  referred  to  above,  who  became  the  second  wife 
of  John  Wykes  of  Northwyke,  in  1540,  and  subsequently 
married  Thomas  Walcot,  and  afterwards  Robert  Fry  of 
Exeter. 

Her  brother,  John   Wraye,  Sheriff  of  Cornwall  in   1585,  by 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  393 

his  wife,  Blanch,  daughter  and  co-heir  of  Henry  Killigrew  of 
Woolston,  co  Cornwall,  had  six  sons  and   two  daughters. 

His  second  son,  Sir  William  "  Wrey,"*  Knt,  succeeded  to 
the  Killigrew  Manor  of  Trebitch,  otherwise  written  "  Trebigh," 
or  "  Trebeigh,"  in  the  said  adjoining  county,  of  which  he  was 
sheriff  in  1598.  He  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Wil- 
liam Courtenay  of  Powderham,  survived  until  1636,  and  thus 
lived  to  see  his  son,  Sir  William  Wrey,  created  a  Baronet  on 
the  30th  June,  1628  ;  the  latter's  wife  was  Ann,  daughter  of 
Sir  Edward  Chichester  of  Eggesford,  afterwards  created 
Viscount  Chichester  of  Carickfergus,  and  by  her,  he  was  the 
father  of  Sir  Chichester  Wrey,  second  Baronet,  who  married 
Ann,  youngest  daugher  and  co-heir  of  Edward  Bourchier,  Earl 
of  Bath,  and  Baron  Fitz-Warine,  and  relict  of  James  Cranfield, 
Earl  of  Middlesex. 

The  Earldom  of  Bath  had  been  created  in  1536  in  favour 
of  John  Bourchier,  Baron  Fitzwarine,  grandson  of  William, 
summoned  to  Parliament  in  his  wife's  (Thomasine  Hankford's) 
maternal  barony  in  fee,  as  Lord  Fitz-Warine,  27th  Henry  VI. ; 
the  said  Sir  William  Bourchier  having  been  the  third  son  of 
William  Bourchier,  titular  Earl  of  Ewe,  in  Normandy,  by  his 
wife  Anne  Plantagenet,  daughter  and  eventual  sole  heir  of 
Thomas  of  Woodstock,  Duke  of  Gloucester,  and  sixth  son  of 
King  Edward  III. 

The  father  of  the  Countess  of  Middlesex  died  without 
surviving  male  issue  in  1636,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  kins- 
man, Sir  Henry  Bourchier,  as  fifth  Earl,  at  whose  death,  in 
1654,  the  Earldom  of  Bath  became  extinct.  But  the  Barony 
of  Fitz-Warine  in  fee  had  previously  fallen  into  abeyance 
between  the  three  daughters  of  the  fourth  Earl,  and,  of  these, 
Lady  Middlesex  was  the  youngest.  By  her  second  husband, 
Sir  Chichester  Wray,  she  had  a  son,  Bourchier,  who  succeeded 
as  third  Baronet,  and  who  married  Florence,  daughter  of  Sir 
John  Rolle  of  Stevenstone,  and  died  in  1695. 

Henry,  last  Earl  of  Bath,  had  married  Lady  Rachel  Fane, 
daughter  of  Francis,  Earl  of  Westmoreland,  and  she  had  a 


*  The  name  is  still  pronounced  in  accordance  with  the  ancient  spelling,  which 
was  either  "Wray"  or  "Wraye."  The  Baronets,  however,  have  always  written 
themselves  "  Wrey,"  as  above. 


394  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

life  interest  in  Tawstock  Court,  and  resided  there  until  her 
death  in  1680,  when  Sir  Bourchier  Wray  inherited  that  property 
and  also  the  manor  of  Holne,  near  Ashburton.  (See  my 
account  of  the  latter,  Ashburton  and  its  Neighbourhood, 
pp.  122-28.) 

From  that  date  Tawstock  Court  has  been  the  principal 
residence  of  the  Wreys.  Sir  Bourchier  Wrey's  great-grandson, 
Sir  Bourchier  Wrey,  D.C.L.,  born  in  1759,  by  his  first  marriage 
with  Anne,  daughter  of  Sir  Robert  Palk,  Bart,  of  Haldon, 
had  a  son,  Sir  Henry  Bourchier  Wrey,  born  1797,  and  who 
died  without  male  issue  in  1879,  when  he  was  succeeded  by 
his  half  brother,  the  Rev.  Sir  Henry  Bourchier  Wrey,  Rector 
of  Tawstock,  at  whose  decease,  in  1882,  the  title  came  to  his 
eldest  son,  Sir  Henry  Bourchier  Toke  Wrey,  the  ninth  and 
present  Baronet 

Sir  Henry  Wrey  married,  in  1854,  The  Honourable  Marianna 
Sarah,  only  daughter  and  heir  of  Philip  Castell,  ninth  Lord 
Sherard,  of  the  kingdom  of  Ireland,  a  title  some  time  merged 
with  the  Earldom  of  Harborough,  and  has  an  eldest  son  and 
heir  to  the  title,  Robert  Bourchier  Sherard  Wrey,  R.N.,  born 

i8S5- 
Arms  of  Wray  of  Wray,  and  of  Wraye  of  North  Thrushelton, 

as  now  borne  by  Sir  H.  B.  T.  Wrey,  Bart,  of  Tawstock — Sable, 
a  fess  between  three  battle  axes,  arg.,  helved  gules. 

Sir  Henry  Wrey  quarters  Bourchier  together  with  the  Royal 
Arms  of  Edward  III.,  in  right  of  descent  from  Thomas,  Duke 
of  Gloucester,  and  is  also  a  co-heir  to  the  Barony  of  Fitz- 
Warine  in  abeyance. 


GIDLEY  OF  GIDLEY  AND  HOLCOMBE  PARAMORE. 

This  ancient  family  derives  its  name  from  the  parish  of 
Gidley  on  the  north-eastern  escarpment  of  Dartmoor,  which 
land  was  given  by  William  the  Conqueror  to  his  half  brother 
the  Earl  of  Mortain,  and  held  under  him,  in  1086,  by  a 
certain  "  Godwin,"  and  in  the  Confessor's  reign  it  had  also 
belonged  to  "  Godwin,"  described  as  the  "  Priest" 

Westcote,   in   his   seventeenth   century    View  of  Devonshire, 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  395 

declares  that  he  had  seen  a  grant  of  this  land,  by  "  Martine," 
Earl  of  Cornwall,  in  favour  of  his  "  nephew,  Giles  de  Gidleigh,'' 
the  seal  bearing  the  impress  of  a  triple  towered  castle,  and 
that  the  said  grant  was  "exemplified,  under  the  great  seal  of 
England,  in  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII." 

The  said  "  Giles  de  Gidleigh,"  to  have  been  a  "  nephew  "  of 
the  Earl  of  Mortain,  whose  brother  Odo,  Earl  of  Kent,  and 
Bishop  of  Bayeux,  had  no  issue,  should  have  been  a  son  of 
his  sister  Emma  D'Abrincis,  the  mother  of  Hugh,  Earl  of 
Chester,  and  there  is  no  record  that  she  had  such  a  son  as 
"Giles."  Robert  of  Mortain,  Odo,  and  Emma  were  the  chil- 
dren of  Harlotta  of  Falaise  by  her  marriage  with  Harlowen 
de  Conteville.  Their  half-brother  and  sister,  King  William 
and  Adeliza,  were  the  offspring  of  an  earlier,  and  less  res- 
pectable, intimacy  on  the  part  of  Harlotta,  with  Duke  Robert 
of  Normandy,  and  it  is  most  probable  that  the  several 
personages  who  have  been  handed  down  to  us  as  "  nephews  " 
and  "  nieces "  of  the  Conqueror,  or  of  Mortain,  such  as 
"Albreda,"  wife  of  Baldwin  de  Brion  of  Okehampton,  Wil- 
liam "  Warlewast,"  Bishop  of  Exeter,  and  this  Giles  de 
Gidleigh,  were  children  of  the  king's  whole  sister,  Adeliza 
de  Falaise  aforesaid,  who  was  married  thrice,  and  had  issue 
by  each  marriage,  inter  a/us,  Adeliza,  Countess  of  Albe- 
marle  in  her  own  right,  1081-1090  ;  Stephen,  who  succeeded 
his  half  sister  in  that  earldom  ;  and  Judith,  wife  of  Waltheof, 
Earl  of  Huntingdon.  The  daughter  of  Albreda  of  Okehampton 
was  also  called  Adeliza,  and  doubtless  so  after  her  grand- 
mother. 

It  is  certain  that  this  Dartmoor  property  descended  in  the 
name  of  Gidleigh  for  some  generations,  and  down  to  the 
middle  of  the  fourteenth  century,  when  the  daughter  and  heir 
of  Giles  de  Gidley  married  William,  son  of  Waiter  Prouz,  by 
the  daughter  of  the  Lord  Dinham.  Her  eldest  son  and  heir 
succeeded  to  Gidleigh,  and  his  only  child,  Alice,  married,  first, 
Sir  Roger  Moels,  and,  second,  Sir  John  Damerell.  The  latter 
family  inherited  Gidley  for  several  generations,  until  it  passed 
by  intermarriage  with  one  of  them  to  the  Coades  of  Morvell, 
in  the  county  of  Cornwall.  It  was  during  their  ownership  that 
Gidley  Castle  probably  fell  to  decay  ;  the  remains  of  it  appear 


396  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

to  be  of  early  fourteenth  century  date,  and  consist  chiefly  of 
the  large  square  keep,  the  lower  chamber  of  which  is  barrel 
vaulted,  and  has  two  newel  staircases  communicating  with  the 
upper  portion  of  the  building. 

The  name  of  Gidley,  however,  appears  to  have  been  pre- 
served by  a  younger  branch  of  the  family  which  settled  at 
Winkleigh,  the  Devonshire  seat  of  the  Honour  of  Gloucester, 
upon  a  property  called  Holecombe,  which  had  been  held  under 
those  Earls  by  William  de  Portu  Mortuo  in  the  reign  of 
Henry  III.,  and  was  afterward  corruptly  known  as  Holcombe 
Paramore.  Richard  Gidley  was  buried  at  Winkleigh,  26th 
March,  1574.  (See  my  Manor  and  Church  of  Winkleigh,  p.  18.) 
He  was  the  father  of  Bartholomew  Gidley,  whose  son  of  the 
same  name  re-purchased  the  ancient  family  property  at  Gidley 
from  the  Coades. 

Bartholomew  Gidley,  the  elder,  had  nine  children,  and  of 
these  Bartholomew,  born  in  1611,  was  the  first.  He  matriculated 
at  Exeter  College,  Oxford,  i6th  July,  1632  ;  married,  in  1637, 
Joan,  daughter  of  Robert  Northleigh  of  Peamore,  Exminster, 
(a  property  which  of  late  years  has  belonged  to  the  Kekewich 
family,  who  purchased  it  of  H.  H.  Coxe  at  the  beginning  of 
the  present  century),  and  is  described  as  of  Gidley  Castle  and 
of  Holcombe  Paramore.  He  was  captain  of  the  Stannary  of 
Chagford,  during  the  great  rebellion  espoused  the  Royal  cause, 
and  raised  a  troop  of  horse  for  the  king's  service,  of  which  he 
took  command. 

In  commemoration  of  his  bravery  and  zeal,  during  the 
troubles  that  preceded,  and  followed,  the  execution  of  the  king, 
a  large  silver  medal,  nearly  three  inches  in  diameter,  was  struck 
in  his  honour,  and  is  still  preserved  by  the  family  ;  on  the 
reverse  are  his  Arms,  granted  by  Edward  Bysshe,  Clarencieux, 
24th  November,  1666,  and  which  may  be  thus  blazoned  : — Or, 
a  castle,  within  a  bordure,  sa.,  bezantee"  ;  Crest,  a  gryphon's  head, 
couped,  or,  between  two  wings,  tinctured  as  the  bordure  in  the 
arms.  It  is  expressly  stated  in  the  grant  that  these  Arms  and 
Crest  were  granted  him  for  "  his  eminent  services "  before 
"  Lyme,  Plymouth,  and  elsewhere  in  the  West,"  and  they  were 
limited  to  "  him  and  his  heirs  of  body,  and  to  those  of  his 
brother,  John  Gidley."  There  is  a  plate  of  the  medal  in  the 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  397 

Medallic   History   of  England   (J.    Pinkerton,    London,    1790), 
and  it  bears  the  following  inscription  : — 

"  M.  S.    Mnemosynon  et  vel  aere  perennius 

Bartholomaei  Gidley  Armigeri  Comitatus  Devoniae. 

Quern  non  avita  magis  illustrant  insignia 

Ouam  se  sua  virtus  illustrior  insignivit  ; 

Quein   regi    suo    constantem    agnovere    res   Anglorum 

versatiles, 

Et  extrema  fidelitatis  tentamina  pax  et  helium. 
Pro  exule  Carolo  in  bello  Praefectum, 
Pro  reduce  ad  pacem  Justitiarum 
utro  que  munere  fidelissimum, 
Annos  agit  72,  Salutis  anno  1683. 
Non  aetate  non  munere  gravatus 
vel  adhuc  dici  voluit  emeritus." 

He  was  also  an  active  magistrate,  and  a  strong  Churchman, 
and  was  conspicuous  for  his  opposition  to  the  Conventicles 
after  the  passing  of  the  Act  of  Uniformity  in  1662.  He  died 
without  issue,  in  January,  1686  ;  his  will,  dated  November 
28th,  1683,  was  proved  at  Exeter  on  the  5th  of  the  October 
following  his  demise.  He  settled  his  real  estate  upon  his 
nephew,  Bartholomew,  son  of  his  brother  John,  who  inherited 
the  manor,  park,  and  farm  of  Gidley,  and  the  advowson  of, 
and  right  of  presentation  to,  Gidley  Church,  together  with  the 
manor  of  Holcombe  Paramore,  and  all  other  messuages,  bur- 
gages,  lands,  and  tenements  in  the  parishes  of  Winkleigh  and 
Roborough. 

Although  prior  to  the  middle  of  the  thirteenth  century  we 
have  no  certain  knowledge  as  to  the  official  arms  of  the  Earls 
of  Cornwall,  yet,  whether  they  simply  mean  "  all  peas"  and 
refer  to  the  province  of  Poitou  (as  suggested  by  the  late  J. 
R.  Planche"),  or  not,  is  quite  beyond  the  question,  for,  doubt- 
less, Robert  of  Mortain  knew  as  little  about  them  as  did 
Edward  the  Confessor  of  the  cross  and  martlets  with  which 
he  has  been  since  accredited  by  English  heralds. 

In  the  seventeenth  century  the  bezants  on  a  sable  field  had 
been  identified  with  the  Cornish  Earldom  from  time  immemorial, 
and  it  is  unlikely  that  Sir  Edward  Bysshe  would  have  granted 


398  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

permission  to  Bartholomew  Gidley  to  bear  a  representation  of 
Gidley  Castle,  within  the  Cornish  bordure,  in  the  absence  of  fair 
evidence,  both  of  his  descent  from  its  original  owners,  and  of 
his  connection  with  the  earldom,  and  the  fact  that  such  a  coat 
was  granted  "by  letters  patent  under  the  great  seal  of  England/' 
is  strong  confirmatory  evidence  of  the  descent  of  the  Gidleys 
from  a  sister  or  half  sister  of  the  first  Norman  monarch  and  of 
his  brother,  Robert  of  Mortain.  Certain  "  tin  bounds "  within 
the  ducal  forest  of  Dartmoor  are  still  owned  by  the  Gidleys. 

Bartholomew,  nephew  and  heir  of  Bartholomew  Gidley,  of 
Gidley  and  Holcombe,  died,  aged  thirty-four,  2nd  August, 
1702,  leaving,  inclusive  of  a  son  and  heir,  Bartholomew,  a  family 
of  eight  children.  This  Bartholomew  was  born  in  1689,  was 
a  godson  of  the  king,  William  III.,  and  a  Royal  letter  is  pre- 
served by  the  family  in  which  his  Majesty  favours  him  with 
much  practical  advice,  which,  it  is  to  be  feared,  failed  to  profit 
him  to  any  considerable  extent  ;  he  cut  the  entail  of  the 
property,  which  has  since  become  dispersed,  lived  to  the  age  of 
eighty-seven,  and  was  buried  in  the  "Gidley  Aisle"  of  Wink- 
leigh  Church,  2ist  March,  1776;  his  son,  Gustavus,  was  the 
ancestor  of  the  present  head  of  the  family,  Mr.  Gustavus  Gidley 
of  Plymouth. 

His  grandfather,  John  Gidley,  had  married  Rebecca  Dunning 
of  Winkleigh,  in  which  parish  he  had  inherited  an  estate  called 
Beuford  ;  he  was  a  Court  surgeon,  and  resided  chiefly  in  London, 
but  his  will  is  dated  at  Winkleigh,  2ist  September,  1712.  He 
left  his  eldest  grandson  the  Beuford  property,  and  his  silver 
plate,  hangings,  and  other  furniture  in  his  house  in  London  to 
his  second  but  eldest  surviving  son,  John,  and  to  his  daughter, 
Rebecca,  after  their  mother's  death.  His  said  grandson, 
Bartholomew,  born  1689,  had  a  younger  brother,  John  Gidley, 
born  1690,  who  married  Margaret,  daughter  and  heir  of  Robert 
Ellicombe  of  Kenn,  by  Theodosia,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  John 
Mauduit,  Fellow  of  Exeter  College,  Oxford,  and  Senior 
Proctor.  His  grandson,  the  late  Courtenay  Gidley  of  Honiton, 
was  the  grandfather  of  John  Gidley,  formerly  Town  Clerk  of 
Exeter,  who  married,  in  1823,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Robert 
Cornish  of  Exeter,  and  aunt  of  John  Robert  Cornish,  who 
assumed  by  Royal  license  the  surname  of  Mowbray,  26th  July, 


DE  VONSH1RE     WILLS.  399 

1847,  was  created  a  baronet  3rd  May,  1880,  is  a  Privy  Coun- 
cillor, and  now,  1895,  the  senior  active  member  of  the  House 
of  Commons.  By  this  marriage  Mr.  John  Gidley  had  a  son, 
Bartholomew  Gidley  of  Hoopern,  near  Exeter,  who,  like  his 
father,  was  town  clerk  of  Exeter,  and  died  in  1888,  and  left, 
with  other  issue,  a  son,  the  present  Mr.  John  Gidley  of  Hoopern 
House. 


HAMLYN  OF  WIDECOMBE,  COLEBROOK,  AND 
CLOVELLY. 

Like  the  House  of  Brito,  the  family  of  Hamlyn  is  coeval 
with  all  that  is  really  authentic  in  the  history  of  Devonshire. 
Its  name  is  derived  from  the  Saxon  words  "ham  "  and  " lynna" 
which,  in  composition,  signify  the  home  by  the  spring  or  pool ; 
and  as  the  "  Hamelins,"  from  the  town  of  that  name  in  Lower 
Saxony,  they  helped  to  swell  the  ranks  of  the  Conqueror's 
army,  and  soon  became  settled  in  various  parts  of  England, 
notably  in  Devonshire,  Cornwall,  Leicestershire,  Warwickshire, 
Worcestershire,  Oxfordshire,  Gloucestershire,  and  Rutland. 

The  two  most  important  Hamlyns  of  the  eleventh  century 
were  those  whose  names  are  found  mentioned  in  the  roll  of 
Battle  Abbey  as  "Hammeline"  and  "  Hammeline  de  Balun." 
The  "  Sire  de  Balun  "  had  probably  migrated  from  Germany 
to  France,  sometime  before  the  Conquest,  to  the  French  town 
of  Ballun,  in  the  diocese  of  Mons ;  after  the  victory  at  Senlac 
King  William  gave  him  the  land  of  Ober  Went,  in  Monmouth- 
shire, and  he  was  the  subsequent  founder  of  the  Castle  of 
Bergavenny. 

He  died  childless  in  the  reign  of  Rufus,  and  was  succeeded 
by  his  nephew  "  Brian,"  son  of  his  sister  Lucy.  This  "  Brian  " 
had  two  afflicted  sons,  so  he  made  his  nephew,  son  of  his 
sister  Emma,  his  heir,  and  this  nephew,  or  "  cousin,"  as,  in 
accordance  with  old  custom,  he  is  loosely  described,  was 
Constable  of  Gloucester,  and  afterward  High  Constable  of 
England.  The  latter's  son  was  created  Earl  of  Hereford  in 
succession  to  Roger  de  Bretteville,  alias  Fitz-Osbern,  whose 
younger  brother  was  Bishop  of  Exeter  in  1072.  Roger  Brito, 


400  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

or  Bretteville,  was  eventually  proscribed  for  treason,  but  is 
said  to  have  had  a  son,  Reginald,  who  married  "  Emmeline 
de  Balun,"  who  may  probably  have  been  a  sister  of  the  afore- 
said Emma  of  Gloucester. 

With  the  other  "  Hamelin "  of  the  Battle  Abbey  Roll  we 
have  more  concern  here.  He  may  have  been  a  brother,  or  at  least 
a  near  kinsman,  of  the  Sire  de  Balun  ;  at  all  events,  he  was  a 
very  important  personage  in  the  eleventh  century,  and,  like  the 
Britos,  he  came  to  the  west  of  England  in  the  following  of 
Robert,  Earl  of  Mortain. 

He  is  called  "Hamelinus"  in  Domesday,  and  was  tenant 
in  capite  of  many  important  manors  in  Cornwall.  Some  of  his 
posterity  remained  in  the  latter  county,  and  one  of  them  was 
Portreeve  of  Launceston  in  1207,  but  many  of  them  settled  in 
Devonshire,  where  "  Hamelinus,"  at  the  period  of  the  Survey, 
held  the  broad  lands  of  Broadhempston  and  Alwington  as 
sub-tenant  to  the  Earl, 

The  Hamlyns  soon  disappeared  from  both  their  original 
settlements  in  Devonshire  :  Broadhempston  went  to  the  Canti- 
lupes,  one  of  whom,  William  de  Cantilupe,  was  the  husband  of 
Eva  Braose,  granddaughter  of  Emma  de  Balun  of  Gloucester, 
which  may  be  merely  a  coincidence ;  whilst  Alwington  passed 
to  the  Cofrins  afterward  of  Portledge,  a  family  which,  although 
its  name  has  been  preserved  by  assumption,  has  been  now  some- 
time extinct  in  the  male  line. 

But,  probably  by  exchange,  and  simultaneously  with  their  dis- 
appearance from  Alwington,  the  Hamlyns  acquired  the  manor 
of  Natsworthy,  another  of  Mortain's  concessions,  situate  in  the 
parish  of  Widecombe-in -the- Moor,  and  but  a  few  miles  distant 
from  Broadhempston,  and  also  of  the  manor  of  Bratton,  in  the 
immediate  neighbourhood  of  Alwington.  The  fifth  in  descent 
from  "  Hamelinus"  of  Domesday,  Richard  Hamlyn,  acquired  an 
estate  known  as  Larkbeare,  in  the  parish  of  St.  Leonard,  adjacent 
to  the  city  of  Exeter.  One  of  his  sons  remained  at  Larkbeare, 
and  was  the  ancestor  of  Hamlyn  of  Colebrook,  of  which  branch 
I  shall  treat  hereafter ;  the  other,  known  as  "  Hamlyn  the 
Harper,"  was  of  Hill,  in  Holne,  a  neighbouring  parish  to  Wide- 
combe,  as  shown  by  the  "  Fine  Rolls  "  of  3rd  Henry  III. 

The  Hill  estate  remained  in  the  hands  of  his  posterity  until 


D  E  VONSHIRE     WII.  LS. 


401 


it  wa.s  sold  some  few  years  since  by  James  Hamlyn,  to  whom 
it  had  descended.  Hamlyn,  "the  Harper,"  of  Hill,  was  the 
father  of  William,  father  of  Sir  William  Hamlyn  of  Deandon, 
in  Widecombe,  Kt,  and  of  Bratton,  near  Alwington.  Sir  Wil- 
liam was  one  of  the  knights  who  returned  the  great  assize  for 
Devon  in  the  year  1250,  but  died  without  issue.  His  brother, 
Walter,  carried  on  the  line,  and  was  the  father  of  William 
Hamlyn  of  Dunstone,  34th  Edward  I.,  of  John  Hamlyn  .of 
Chittleford,  three  years  earlier,  of  Hugh  and  of  Roger  Hamlyn, 
both  of  Corndon,  all  estates  in  the  said  parish  of  Widecombe, 
and  also  of  Robert  Hamlyn,  who  represented  Totnes  in  Parlia- 
ment in  1311. 

The  Hennock  branch  of  the  Hamlyns  derive  from  another 
brother  of  Sir  William.  William  Hamlyn,  of  Dunstone,  1306, 
a  property  which  was  purchased  from  the  Pomeroys,  left  a  son, 
John  Hamlyn,  whose  descendant,  of  the  same  name,  1412,  was 
grandfather  of  John  Hamlyn  of  Dunstone,  1442,  and  the  latter 
bore  the  same  relationship  to  Richard  Hamlyn  of  Dunstone, 
1506,  who  died  in  1522.  He  left  four  sons,  viz.,  Robert,  son 
and  heir  ;  2nd,  Richard,  ancestor  of  the  Hamlyns  of  an  adjacent 
property  called  Southcombe  ;  3rd,  Thomas  of  Spitchwick,  in 
Widecombe,  and  of  Hill  and  Littlecombe,  in  Holne,  ancestor 
also  of  branches  of  the  family  settled  at  Ash  and  Lake,  both 
in  Widecombe  ;  4th,  John,  ancestor  of  the  Hamlyns  of  Clovelly. 

Robert  Hamlyn,  son  and  heir  of  Dunstone,  had  "  seisin  "  of 
Dunstone  on  his  father's  death  in  1522.  It  is  shown  by  the 
Inquisition  upon  his  own  death  that  he  was  the  owner  of 
Scobetor,  Venton,  and  Dunstone  in  Widecombe,  of  Dawnton  in 
Buckfastleigh,  and  had  also  land  at  Doddiscombleigh,  near 
Exeter  ;  he  died  1556. 

Dawnton  then  passed  to  his  third  son,  Richard.  His  son  and 
heir,  Robert  Hamlyn,  was  the  direct  ancestor  of  William  Hamlyn 
of  Dunstone  (see  the  Ped.,  Vivian's  Additions  to  Visitations  of 
Devon},  who  sold  that  property,  and  died  in  1782. 

The  uncle  of  the  last  owner  of  Dunstone,  Hugh  Hamlyn  of 
Blackslade  Manor,  Widecombe,  had  a  second  son,  John,  who 
settled  at  Brent ;  the  lattcr's  son,  Joseph  Hamlyn,  purchased 
land  in  Buckfastleigh,  and  died  in  1 866. 

It  .is  due  to  his  energy  and  perseverance  that  the  woollen  trade, 
27 


402  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

the  old  staple  business  of  this  county,  and  which  in  the  past  has 
afforded  both  honourable  occupation  and  livelihood  to  very 
many  cadets  of  our  ancient  county  houses,  still  flourishes  in  the 
valley  of  the  Dart.  Joseph  Hamlyn  founded  the  great  manu- 
factory at  Buckfastleigh,  and  thus  recommenced  there  an  industry 
which  had  been  long  fostered  by  the  Cistercian  monks  of  the 
neighbouring  abbey  of  Buckfast,  and  which  was  afterward  con- 
tinued profitably  by  his  sons  Joseph,  John,  and  William,  and  is 
now  the  property  of  James,  Joseph,  and  William  Hamlyn, 
who  are  the  sons  of  the  late  William  Hamlyn  by  his  marriage 
with  his  kinswoman,  Mary,  daughter  of  James  Hamlyn  of  Hill 
and  Littlecombe,  already  mentioned,  and  the  latter  estate  is  still 
the  property  of  their  mother. 

I  must  now  return  to  "  Hamlyn  of  Larkbeare,0'  the  brother  of 
"  Hamlyn  the  Harper"  of  Hill.  He  was  the  father  of  Sir  John 
Hamlyn,  Kt,  whose  son,  Sir  Osbert  Hamlyn,  Kt,  of  Larkbeare, 
married  the  daughter  and  co-heir  of  Sir  William  Pipard  of 
Blakedon,  in  Widecombe.  He  was  attainted  for  high  treason  in 
1 370,  on  which  account,  possibly,  his  posterity,  who  long  resided 
at  Exeter,  St.  Thomas,  and  Alphington,  and  were  benefactors  to 
the  latter  parish  in  the  early  portion  of  the  seventeenth  century, 
prospered  in  mercantile  pursuits,  gave  mayors  to  the  "  faithful 
city,"  and  filled  other  municipal  offices  from  time  to  time  ;  one 
of  them  settled  at  Paschoe,  in  the  parish  of  Colebrook,  in  1611, 
by  marriage  with  a  co-heir  of  that  family. 

Robert  Paschoe  Hamlyn,  of  Paschoe,  was  the  father  of 
Christopher  Hamlyn  of  Paschoe,  who  married  Elizabeth,  daughter 
and  eventual  co-heir  of  Vincent  Calmady  of  Langdon,  by  Eliza- 
beth, daughter  and  heir  of  John  Pollexfen,  and  by  this  marriage 
acquired  Leawood,  in  the  parish  of  Bridestowe.  Both  estates 
were  inherited  by  their  son,  Calmady  Pollexfen  Hamlyn,  of 
Paschoe  and  Leawood,  born  1775,  who  married  the  only 
daughter  of  Richard  Cross  of  Great  Duryard,  near  Exeter, 
and  had  a  son,  Shilston  Calmady  Hamlyn,  J.P.  and  D.L.,  of 
Paschoe  and  of  Leawood,  who  by  his  wife,  Sarah  Carter,  of 
Neston,  Cheshire,  was  the  father  of  the  present  owner  of  these 
estates,  Mr.  Vincent  Pollexfen  Calmady  Hamlyn. 

The  Hamlyns  of  Paschoe  and  Bridestowe  bear  for  arms  : 
*  Sa.,  two  swords  in  saltire,  the  points  upward,  hiltcd  or;  but 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 


403 


their  ancestor,  Sir  John  Hamlyn,  bore  the  ancient  arms  of 
the  family,  hereinafter  blazoned,  as  shown  by  the  "  Borough- 
bridge  "  Roll  of  Arms. 

John  Hamlyn,  youngest  son  of  Richard  Hamlyn  of  Dunstone, 
who  died  in  1522,  appears  to  have  settled,  probably  through 
marriage,  at  Mershwell,  in  the  parish  of  Wool  fard  is  worthy,  and 
his  arms,  as  tinder,  with  the  date  1540,  were  to  be  seen  in  one  of 
the  windows  of  his  house.  His  son,  William,  born  in  that  year, 
married,  about  1558,  Agnes  Yeo  of  Stratton,  whose  son  William, 
born  1559,  was  the  father  of  William  Hamlyn,  baptized  at 
Woolfardisworthy,  2ist  October,  1579,  and  whose  grandfather 
survived  until  1597,  when  he  inherited  Mershwell. 

His  son,  William  Hamlyn  of  Mershwell,  married  Gertrude 
Gary,  and  died  in  1708,  and  was  succeeded  by  Zachary  Hamlyn, 
the  eldest  of  fourteen  children. 

The  latter  purchased  the  Clovelly  estate  of  the  Carys  in  1729, 
died  without  issue,  and  left  his  property  by  will  to  his  grand 
nephew,  James  Hammett,  grandson  of  Thomazine  Hamlyn. 
He  recorded  his  pedigree  at  Herald's  College,  but  did  not  carry 
it  behind  the  William  Hamlyn  of  Mershwell  who  married  Agnes 
Yeo.  Mr.  Hammett  assumed  the  name  of  Hamlyn  by  Act  of 
Parliament  in  1760,  and  was  created  a  baronet  in  1795.  His 
son  and  heir,  the  second  baronet,  assumed  his  mother's  name, 
Williams.  The  third  baronet,  Sir  James  Hamlyn-Williams, 
married  Lady  Mary  Fortescue,  but  had  no  male  issue,  so  the 
baronetcy  became  extinct ;  his  eldest  daughter  succeeded  to  the 
Clovelly  property,  married  Lieut.-Col.  Fane,  who  assumed  the 
additional  name  of  Hamlyn,  and  had,  with  other  issue,  the 
present  Mrs.  Hamlyn  of  Clovelly,  whose  husband  has  taken  her 
name. 

Arms  of  Hamlyn  of  Widecombe-in-the-Moor,  now  of  Buck- 
fastleigh  :  "  Gules,  a  lion  rampant,  ermine,  crowned  or." 


404  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

THE    VENNS    OF    PEYHEMBURY,    ETC. 

William  "  Pictavensis,"  who  was  a  sub-tenant  in  Devonshire 
under  the  Norman  Ralph  de  Pomeroy,  was  the  ancestor  of 
"  Robert  de  Peytevin,"  the  owner  of  the  manor  and  church  of 
Feniton,  otherwise  Veniton,  or  "  Peytevin's  Town,"  in  the  year 
1273,  as  proved  by  the  "Hundred  Roll,"  and  which  afterwards 
passed  to  his  neighbours,  the  Malherbes,  who  had  then  been 
resident  in  the  parish  for  several  generations.  The  Domesday 
entry  of  the  manor  of  "Feniton"  probably  refers  to  the  manor 
now  called  "  Venton,"  in  Widecombe,  nigh  Ashburton,  and 
which  belonged  to  King  William's  half-brother  Robert,  Earl  of 
Mortain,  or  else  to  "  Fenton "  in  Rattery. 

Robert  de  Peytevin  probably  also  gave  its  prefix  to  the 
adjacent  parish  of  Peyhembury,  anciently  "  Petit  Hembury," 
but  the  manor  of  Broad-Hembury,  which,  in  1087,  belonged  to 
"  Odo,"  was  afterwards  parcel  of  the  Duchy  of  Lancaster,  and 
was  long  held,  from  that  honour,  by  the  Abbey  of  Dunkeswell, 
but  it  is  not  my  present  purpose  to  trace  the  descent  of  the 
manor  of  Broad-Hembury,  which,  prior  to  the  creation  of  the 
Duchy  of  Lancaster,  pertained  to  the  Barony  of  Torrington. 

Both  Peyhambury  and  Broad-Hembury,  however,  have  been 
long  associated  with  the  Venns,  who  may  possibly  derive  their 
patronymic  from  the  earlier  residence  of  their  ancestors  in  the 
neighbouring  parish  of  Venton,  alias  Feniton.  John  Venn  of 
Broad-Hembury,  whose  will  was  proved  at  Exeter  in  1595,  had 
four  sons  and  two  daughters  ;  his  contemporary,  Richard  Venn, 
was  a  benefactor  to  the  poor  of  Peyhembury,  in  3rd  James  I., 
1605,  and  his  descendants  have  resided  there  ever  since,  and  are 
still  numbered  amongst  its  principal  landowners,  and  are  also 
lords  of  the  manor  of  Upton  Piudhome,  in  the  same  parish. 
The  eldest  son  of  John  Venn  of  Broad-Hembury,  William  Venn, 
was  baptized  there,  February  8th,  1568-9.  He  graduated  at 
Exeter  College,  Oxford,  in  1595,  and  four  years  later,  on 
March  2ist,  he  was  instituted  to  the  vicarage  of  Otterton,  which 
preferment  he  held  for  twenty-one  years.  His  patron  was 
John  May,  by  grant,  for  that  turn,  of  Richard  Duke,  whose 
family  had  then  obtained  the  advowson,  which  formerly  be- 
longed to  the  Abbess  and  Convent  of  Sion,  in  the  county  of 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  405 

Middlesex,  and,  originally,  to  the  alien  priory  of  Otterton, 
which  had  been  suppressed  in  1414.  William  Venn  was  buried 
at  Otterton  in  1621,  and  was  immediately  succeeded  by  Isaiah 
Faringdon,  who  resigned,  probably  by  arrangement,  in  1625, 
upon  which  the  Dukes  conferred  the  vacant  benefice  upon  the 
son  of  their  old  vicar,  Richard  Venn,  then  twenty-four  years 
old,  and  a  graduate,  like  his  father,  of  Exeter  College,  Oxford. 
Richard  Venn  was  twice  married  ;  by  his  first  wife,  Elizabeth 
Westcott,  he  had  two  sons  and  a  daughter ;  by  his  second, 
Margaret  Venn,  he  had  a  further  family  of  eight  children,  and 
the  eldest  of  them  became  vicar  of  Holbeton. 

Richard  Venn  suffered  many  and  grievous  hardships  at  the 
hands  of  the  Parliamentary  Commissioners,  was  ejected  from 
his  living,  and  confined  in  prison  at  Exeter  for  eleven  months 
from  October,  1646,  to  September  in  the  following  year.  At 
one  time  he  was  siezed  by  a  party  of  Puritan  soldiers  and 
taken  out  for  summary  execution,  but  his  life  was  saved  by 
the  opportune  arrival  of  a  detachment  of  the  Royal  forces. 

He  left  a  record  of  his  troubles  in  manuscript,  portions  of 
which  are  considered  to  be  identical  with  some  fragmentary 
MSS.  at  the  Bodleian  Library,  and  his  adventures  are  included 
in  Walker's  Sufferings  of  the  Clergy,  part  ii.,  pp.  386-7.  Hence  it 
appears  that  during  the  years  of  his  deprivation  he  officiated 
temporarily  both  at  Black  Aveton  and  at  Liskeard,  but  was 
similarly  driven  out  of  each  parish.  At  the  Restoration  he 
is  said  to  have  been  the  first  clergyman  to  resume  the  use  of 
the  Book  of  Common  Prayer,  at  a  service  which  he  conducted 
at  the  neighbouring  church  of  Ottery  St.  Mary. 

Immediately  after  the  Restoration  of  Monarchy  had  happily 
become  an  accomplished  fact,  he  was  at  once  replaced  in 
his  vicarage,  which  had  been  held  by  a  Nonconformist  of  the 
name  of  Conant,  who  had  characteristically  refused  to  pay 
him  his  "fifths"  throughout  the  fourteen  years  of  his  intrusion  ; 
when  compelled  to  disgorge  by  the  law,  in  1660,  Conant  is 
said  to  have  thrown  the  money  at  him,  and  it  consequently  fell 
on  the  floor,  but  Mr.  Venn  merely  smiled  and  remarked,  "  Well, 
well,  I  will  take  the  pains  to  pick  it  up."  He  survived  his 
return  to  Otterton  but  two  years,  and  was  buried  there,  28th 
June,  1662. 


4o6  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

His  son,  Dennis  Venn,  born  in  1648,  was  probably  named 
after  Dennis  Rolle  of  Bicton,  whose  early  death,  in  1638,  had 
been  much  deplored  by  his  many  friends  and  neighbours. 
Dennis  Venn  also  graduated  at  Exeter  College,  and,  at  the 
age  of  twenty-five,  was  instituted  to  the  vicarage  of  Holbeton, 
and  held  it  for  twenty -two  years,  and  was  buried  there,  I2th 
February,  1695-6.  By  his  first  wife,  Lucy  Fortescue,  to  whom 
he  was  married  in  1683,  he  had  a  daughter,  of  her  mother's 
name,  who  died  in  infancy;  by  his  second  wife,  Patience 
(married  1689),  daughter  of  the  Rev.  John  Gay  of  St.  Anthony, 
he  had  two  sons  and  three  daughters. 

His  eldest  son,  Richard  Venn,  was  baptized  at  Holbeton, 
January  7th,  1690-1,  was  educated  at  Blundel's  School,  Tiverton, 
where  he  obtained  a  Scholarship,  and  proceeded  to  Sidney 
College,  Cambridge.  He  was  afterwards  rector  of  St.  An- 
tholin's,  in  the  city  of  London,  from  1725-39,  and  died  of 
smallpox,  February  i6th,  in  the  latter  year.  His  wife  was 
the  only  surviving  child  of  John  Ashton,  who  was  keeper  of 
the  privy  purse  in  the  household  of  Queen  Mary  D'Este, 
consort  of  King  James  II.,  who  was  Mrs.  Venn's  godmother. 

John    Ashton    unfortunately    twice    failed    to    escape    from 
England   after   the   abdication    of  his    Royal    patrons,  and    on 
Monday,  the  I9th  of  January,  1690-1,  he  was  indicted,  together 
with    "  Sir  Richard   Grahame,    Bart."    (Viscount    Preston),    and 
Edmund  Elliot,  "  for  conspiring  the  deaths  "  of  the  new  King 
and    Queen,   ''and   adhering  to   their   enemies."      Mr.    Ashton 
appears  to  have  made  a  bargain  for  a  vessel  to  take  him  with 
his  friends  across  to  France  on  the  previous  "  New  Year's  Day," 
and  actually  deposited  the  sum  of  ninety-three  guineas  for  his 
passage    with    Mr.    Burdett ;    they   got  away    safely    from    the 
"  Surrey    Stairs,"    but    were   arrested    and    brought    back    from 
Gravesend,  with  treasonable  papers  in   their  possession.     They 
were   all    found   guilty,  and   Ashton    was  executed  at  Tyburn, 
January   28th    following.     A   full    account   of  the   proceedings 
will   be   found    in    Tryals  for    High    Treason,   London,    1720, 
Vol.    5,   pp.    614-1636.      One   of    the    eight    grandchildren    of 
this  unfortunate  political    victim,    Henry    Venn,    was    baptized 
at  Barnes,  March  I5th,  1724-5,  graduated  at  Jesus  College,  and 
was    afterward    a  Fellow  of  Queens'  College,  Cambridge.      He 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  407 

was  the  author  of  The  Complete  Duty  of  Man,  or  a  System 
of  Doctrinal  and  Practical  Christianity,  which  was  first  pub- 
lished in  1764,  and  has  gone  through  numerous  editions.  He 
also  published  a  volume  of  sermons  in  1759 ;  and  Mistakes 
in  Religion,  Exposed  in  an  Essay  on  the  PropJiecy  of  ZacJiarias, 
in  1774.  His  l<  Life,"  with  a  selection  from  his  letters, 
was  published  by  one  of  his  grandsons,  the  Rev.  Henry 
Venn,  Fellow  of  Queens'  College,  Cambridge,  and  Vicar 
of  St  John's,  Holloway,  and  this  work  went  through  six 
editions. 

He  married,  firstly,  a  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Bishop, 
D.D.,  and  secondly  Catherine,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  James 
Askew,  and  widow  of  a  clergyman  of  the  name  of  Smith.  By 
his  first  wife  he  had  four  daughters,  and  a  son,  John.  He 
held  the  Vicarages  of  Huddersfield  and  Yelling  during  his 
clerical  career,  and  died  at  Clapham  in  1797. 

His  son,  John  Venn,  born  at  Clapham,  March  9th,  1759, 
graduated  at  Sidney  College,  Cambridge,  in  1781,  and  was  in- 
stituted to  the  Rectory  of  Little  Dunham,  Norfolk,  in  1783. 
He  died  Rector  of  Clapham,  July  1st,  1813,  and  was  a  well- 
known  divine  and  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Church  Missionary 
Society ;  he  was  the  author  of  Sermons,  in  three  volumes, 
London,  1814-18.  By  his  first  wife,  Katherine,  daughter  of 
William  King  of  Hull,  he  became  the  father  of  five  daughters 
(the  eldest  of  whom  was  the  wife  of  the  Right  Honourable 
Sir  James  Stephen,  K.C.B.,  the  father  of  Mr.  Justice  Stephen) 
and  two  sons,  John  Venn,  Fellow  of  Queens'  College,  already 
referred  to  above,  and  Henry  Venn,  who  was  born  at  Clapham 
in  1796,  graduated  at  Queen.s',  Cambridge,  in  1818,  and  of 
which  College  he  was  a  Fellow.  In  1826  he  was  preferred 
by  Simeon's  Trustees  to  the  Vicarage  of  Drypool,  Hull,  and  was 
Vicar  of  St.  John's,  Holloway,  from  1834-48,  and  Prebendary 
of  St.  Paul's  Cathedral.  He  was  for  many  years  secretary  of 
the  Church  Missionary  Society,  and  died  at  East  Sheen, 
January  i6th,  1873.  By  his  wife  Martha,  daughter  of  Nicholas 
Sykes  of  Swanland,  Yorkshire,  he  was  the  father  of  the  Rev. 
Henry  Venn,  M.A.,  Caius  College,  Cambridge,  Rector  of  Clare 
Portion,  Tiverton,  in  this  county,  from  1870-1885,  when  he 
removed  to  the  Vicarage  of  Sittingbourne  ;  and  also  of  Dr.  John 


4o8  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Venn,  his  eldest  son,  born  at  Hull,  August  4th,  1834,  and  now 
Senior  Fellow  of  Caius  College,  Cambridge, 

Dr.  Venn,  who  was  ordained  in  1858,  has  held  the  curacies 
of  Cheshunt  and  Mortlake,  but  resigned  his  orders,  under  the 
recent  Act,  in  1883.  Since  then  he  has  resided  chiefly  in  his 
University,  is  lecturer  in  Moral  Sciences,  and  a  University  ex- 
aminer, and  was  Hulsean  lecturer  in  1869.  He  is  the  author 
of  Logic  of  Change,  Empirical  Logic,  Symbolic  Logic,  and  of 
various  papers  in  scientific  and  other  periodicals.  He  was 
elected  a  Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  in  1883,  and  is  also  a 
Fellow  of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries.  He  edited  the  Bap- 
tismal Register  of  St.  Michael's,  Cambridge,  1588-1837,  in  1891, 
and  is  at  present  engaged  in  the  preparation  of  the  Caius 
College  admissions,  one  volume  of  which  has  been  published. 
(See  also  Men  of  the  Time,  Edit.  1895,  p.  853.) 

Dr.  Venn  married,  June  2ist,  1867,  Susanna  Carnegie, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Charles  Edmonstone,  Vicar  of  Christ  Church, 
Hornsey,  and  has  a  son,  John  Archibald  Venn,  born  Novem- 
ber loth,  1883. 

The  arms  of  Venn,  as  borne  by  the  Broad- Hembury  branch 
for  at  least  five  generations,  are  thus  blazoned  : — Arg.,  on  a  fess 
within  a  bordure  engrailed  az.,  3  escallops  of  the  field. 

Crest — A  dragon's  head  erased  arg.,  about  its  neck  a  collar 
azure,  charged  with  3  escallops  of  the  first. 


KELLY  OF  KELLY. 

The  Kellys  derive  their  name  from  the  parish  of  Kelly, 
near  Tavistock,  and  have  been  Lords  of  the  Manor  there  from 
time  immemorial.  It  is  the  "  Celodelie "  of  the  Domesday 
record,  and  has  been  curiously  confused  with  Calverleigh,  near 
Tiverton,  by  Lysons,  in  the  Devonshire  volumes  of  the  Magna 
Britannia. 

As  to  its  earlier  history,  the  neighbouring  Manor  of  "Tave- 
lande"  (that  of  West  Tavy,  which  includes  the  church  of  St. 
Mary)  was  held  in  the  reign  of  Kin^  Edward  the  Confessor 
by  a  Saxon  Thegn  called  "  Godric,"  who  was  a  very  consider- 
able landowner  prior  to  the  Conquest,  after  which,  although 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  409 

he  seems  to  have  been  deprived  of  the  whole  of  his  original 
property  in  the  county,  he  appears  in  Domesday  as  tenant  in 
capite  of  the  Manors  of  "  Celodelie "  (or  Kelly),  and  of 
"  Bolehorde,"  since  known  as  "Balbury"  or  "  Balbeny,"  and 
now  as  Babeny,  in  the  parish  of  Lidford,  and  fifteen  miles 
distant  from  the  Parish  Church  there.  (See  my  Ashburton 
and  its  Neighbourhood,  p.  71.) 

Both  these  Manors  had  hitherto  belonged  to  another,  but 
less  distinguished,  Saxon  known  as  "  Almar." 

The  primary  settlement  of  the  Kellys  at  Kelly  can  only  be 
a  matter  of  conjecture.  It  is  not  only  possible,  but  probable, 
that  they  are  the  veritable  descendants  of  Godric  the  Saxon, 
but  how  the  late  Sir  Bernard  Burke  can  have  considered  that 
their  authenticated  pedigree  enables  them  to  derive  themselves 
from  the  ancient  Britons,  it  is  somewhat  difficult  to  understand. 

The  most  complete  pedigree  of  Kelly,  which  can  at  all  be 
regarded  as  authentic,  is  that  entered  on  the  original  roll  of 
the  Visitation  of  Cornwall  in  1620  (M.  S.  Harl.,  1079),  and 
which  commences  with  "Nicholas  de  Kelly,"  temp.  Henry  II., 
1154-1189.  He  was  probably  the  son  of  "Martin  de  Kelly,"  who 
flourished  in  the  same  reign,  as  Risdon,  writing  in  1638,  tells 
us  that  "  Kelly,  in  King  Henry  the  second's  time  had  its  in- 
habitor  Martin  de  Kelly,  whom  divers  knights  of  that  name 
succeeded."  It  is  shown  by  the  Exeter  Episcopal  Registers 
that  John  de  Kelly  presented,  as  patron,  to  Kelly  Church  in 
1275,  and  he  appears  to  have  been  the  first  of  the  family  who 
had  the  Manor  of  Heavitree,  near  Exeter,  under  John  de  Pycot, 
and  the  latter  property  remained  with  his  descendants  until 
it  was  sold  to  the  Barings,  by  Arthur  Kelly  of  Kelly,  in  1773. 
(See  my  Suburbs  of  Exeter,  p.  8.) 

The  Visitation  of  Devonshire,  1564  (Coll.  An  D.  7)  com- 
mences with  "  Thomas  Kellye  of  Kellye,"  who  married  Eliza- 
beth, daughter  and  co-heir  of  William  Talbot  of  Spreyton. 
This  Thomas,  who  married,  secondly,  Mary  Pcnhallow,  died 
I4th  September,  1404,  as  shewn  by  an  "  Inq.  p.m.  6th  Hy.  IV." 
He  was  the  father  of  Richard  Kelly  of  Kelly,  whose  great 
grandson,  John  Kelly  of  Kelly,  was  second  son  of  Oliver  Kelly 
by  Joan  Tremayne  of  Collacombe.  (For  Tremayne  genealogy 
see  my  Devonshire  Parishes,  vol.  I,  pp.  171,  212,  et  scq.} 


4io  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

This  John  was  the  brother  and  heir  of  Oliver  Kelly  of 
Kelly,  and  the  first  of  the  family  who  was  entered  at  the 
Devonshire  "Visitation"  of  1620.  From  him  the  pedigree  is 
continued  to  William  Kelly  of  Kelly  and  his  family,  and  is 
duly  authenticated  by  his  signature  (M.  S.  Harl.,  1163,  fo.  92b.) 

This  William  "  Kelley "  was  born  loth  September,  1589. 
He  married  Philippa,  daughter  of  John  Conocke  of  Treworgie, 
co.  Cornwall,  by  whom  he  had  four  daughters  and  two  sons  ;  at 
his  death,  pth  November,  1627,  his  eldest  son,  Thomas,  was  a 
minor,  and  afterward  died  childless,  when  he  was  succeeded  at 
Kelly  by  his  younger  brother,  John,  whose  will  was  proved  at 
Exeter,  I7th  June,  1689,  and,  failing  his  male  issue,  he  devised 
his  property  to  his  first  cousin,  Francis,  eldest  son  of  his  uncle, 
the  Rev.  Authur  Kelly,  rector  of  the  parish,  who  died  in  1662. 

Francis  Kelly  of  Kelly  married  Elizabeth  Tucker  of  Hols- 
worthy,  and  died  within  eighteen  months  of  his  accession  to 
the  estate  ;  his  son  and  heir,  Arthur  Kelly  of  Kelly,  by  his  wife, 
Susannah  Handcock,  was  the  father  of  Arthur  Kelly  of  Kelly 
who  married  Mary  Tucker  of  Coryton,  and  died  in  1762.  Their 
eldest  son,  Arthur  Kelly  of  Kelly,  who  long  commanded  the 
South  Devon  Regiment  of  Militia,  died  in  1823,  at  eighty- 
one  years  of  age.  His  eldest  surviving  son,  Arthur  Kelly,  was 
the  father  of  another  Arthur,  born  in  1804,  who  was  Sheriff 
of  Devon  in  1836,  and  died  in  1873. 

The  late  Mr.  Kelly's  eldest  son,  Arthur  Kelly,  who  was  baptized 
6th  October,  1830,  predeceased  him  in  1846;  he  was  therefore  suc- 
ceeded at  Kelly  by  its  present  owner,  Reginald  Kelly  of  Kelly, 
J.P.  and  D.L.  for  Devon,  Sheriff  of  the  county  in  1880,  and  who 
was  born  in  1834.  Mr.  Kelly  owns  the  whole  of  the  parish,  which 
includes  1,700  acres  of  land  (with  a  population  of  over  200),  and 
is  also  patron  of  the  Rectory  of  Kelly,  to  which  73  acres  of 
glebe  are  appropriated.  Kelly  House,  which  is  a  picturesque 
residence  of  late  Tudor  style,  is  situated  near  the  church. 

Arms  of  Kelly  of  Kelly — Arg.,  a  chevron  between  three 
billets  gules. 

Crest. —  Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  gu.y  an  ostrich's  head, 
holding  in  the  beak  a  horse-shoe  or. 

This  family  quarters  Talbot  of  Spreyton,  viz : — Arg.,  a 
chevron  between  three  talbots  sa. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  411 

BREMRIDGE  OF  BREMRIDGE. 

I  have  already  referred,  in  notes  on  previous  pages  (189 
and  293),  to  the  ancient  family  of  Bremridge,  as  to  which, 
Westcote,  the  seventeenth  century  author  of  the  View  of 
Devonshire,  has  observed,  in  his  quaint  language,  whilst  treating 
of  "  the  progress  of  the  Greedy  river  ;  "  "  his  next  neighbour, 
Bremridge  of  Bremridge,  or  rather  (as  it  may  be  supposed) 
Bremel-ridge,  a  place  full  of  brambles  and  briars,  hath  had 
the  like  good  fortune  for  antiquity  ;  that  race  having  enjoyed 
this  place  the  best  part  of  four  hundred  years,  with  such  a 
temperate  moderation  in  every  succession  that  greedy  desire 
of  riches  hath  neither  much  increased  nor  prodigality  de- 
creased it."  (See  also  my  Manor  of  Winkleigh,  p.  41). 

The  Bremridges  appear  to  have  derived  their  name  from 
the  ancient  Manor  of  "  Bremerige,"  in  Southmolton  (which 
afterward  passed  to  the  Tracys,  and,  in  more  recent  times 
to  the  Dodderidges),  and  to  have  given  it  to  their  subsequent 
residence,  "  Bremridge,"  within  the  Manor  of  Posbury-Brad- 
leigh,  in  the  hundred  of  Crediton  and  parish  of  Sandford. 

Sandford  is  an  ancient  Chapelry  in  Crediton  parish,  and 
here  the  Dodderidges,  and  Dowrishs,  were  likewise  settled  at 
an  early  date,  and  gave  name  also  to  their  respective  pro- 
perties. 

In  the  year  1087  the  Manor  of  Sandford,  to  the  extent  of 
two  hides  and  a  half  of  land,  belonged  to  the  Barony  of 
Okehampton,  that  of  "  Bremerige  "  and  Bradleigh,  to  the  latter 
of  which  the  land  afterward  known  as  Bremridge,  in  Sandford, 
was  appendant,  had  been  given  by  the  Norman  Conqueror 
to  his  Chief  Justice,  Jeffery,  the  warrior  Bishop  of  Coutance, 
under  whom  both  these  Manors  were  held  by  the  King's  relative, 
Drogo  Fitz-Mauger.  This  "  Drogo  "  was  a  son  of  Mauger 
le  Ponz,*  who  was  the  third  son  of  Richard  "  le  Bon,"  second 
Duke  of  Normandy,  the  Conqueror's  grandfather,  and  nephew 
of  Mauger,  the  ancestor  of  the  Granvilles  of  Stowe  and 
Bideford,  whose  descent  from  Rollo  the  Dane  will  be  found 
in  my  Notes,  Genealogical  and  Historical,  p.  12,  et  seq. 

*  Lysons,  and  others,  call  him  son  of  "  Walter  de  Ponz." 


412  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Another  son  of  Mauger,  Richard  Fitz-Ponz,  was  the  ancestor 
of  the  noble  house  of  Clifford. 

Drogo  Fitz-Mauger,  although  he  did  not  hold  directly  from 
the  Crown,  was,  as  a  sub-tenant  to  Jeffery  de  Coutance  of  no  less 
than  seventy-three  Manors,  one  of  the  largest  landed  proprietors 
in  Devonshire.  His  Manor  of  Bremerige  in  Southmolton, 
which  passed  at  an  early  date  to  the  Tracys,  and  from  them 
descended  to  the  Martins,  probably  came  to  the  former  in 
marriage  with  a  granddaughter,  heir,  or  co-heir  to  one  of  his 
several  sons,  another  of  whom,  "  Drogo,"  appears  to  have 
been  settled  upon  his  Manor  of  "  Hagintone,"  since  known  as 
Hayne,  in  the  parish  of  Newton  St.  Cyres,  and  has  been 
claimed  as  the  forefather  through  "  a  younger  branch  "  of  the 
"  Drewes "  of  Grange,  sometime  of  Killerton,  and  of  the 
"  Drews "  of  Youghal,  co.  Cork.  Hayne,  however,  passed  to 
the  Northcotes,  i/th  May,  1585,  by  the  marriage  of  Mary, 
daughter  and  heir  of  Edmund  Drewe  of  Hayne,  with  Walter 
Northcote  of  Crediton,  who  had  an  only  child,  Elizabeth,  first 
the  wife  of  George  Yarde  of  Churston,  by  whom  she  had  issue, 
and  afterward  of  Dr.  Barnabas  Potter,  the  Calvinist,  Lord 
Bishop  of  Carlisle.  (See  my  Ashburton  and  its  Neighbourhood, 
p.  135).  Hayne,  however,  has  descended  in  the  issue  of 
Walter  Northcote's  elder  brother,  John  Northcote  of  Uton. 
(See  Northcote  genealogy,  post}. 

The  pedigree  of  Drewe  of  Sharpham,  afterward  of  Killerton, 
and  since  of  Grange,  in  the  parish  of  Broad- Hembury,  as 
entered  at  the  Herald's  Visitations  of  Devonshire,  commences 
with  William  Drewe  of  Sharpham,  whose  third  son  died  22nd  - 
June,  1548.  His  descendant,  Edward  Drewe,  purchased  the 
Grange,  which  had  belonged  to  the  dissolved  Abbey  of  Dunkes- 
well,  of  Henry  Wriothesley,  third  Earl  of  Southampton,  in  or 
about  the  year  1601.  The  same  Edward  (who  was  a  sergeant- 
at-law,  Recorder  of  Exeter,  1592,  and  grandson  of  John  Drewe 
of  the  parish  of  St.  Leonard,  Exeter,  second  in  descent  from 
William,  third  son  of  the  William  Drewe  who  commences  the 
pedigree,  and  who  acquired  Sharpham  by  his  marriage  with 
Joan,  daughter  and  co-heir  of  John  Prideaux  of  Modbury)  also 
purchased  Killerton  of  the  devisors  of  the  last  daughter  and 
heir  of  that  name  and  house,  and  his  son,  Sir  Thomas  Drewe,  Kt, 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  413 

sold  it  to  Sir  Arthur  Acland,  father  of  the  first  Baronet  and 
nephew  of  Sir  John  Acland,  Kt,  who  purchased  Columb  John, 
in  the  same  parish,  the  ancient  residence  of  the  Culmes,  of 
William  Rowswell,  and  died  in  1620.  (See  Acland  genealogy, 
post). 

Sir  Thomas  Drewe,  the  first  of  the  family  who  resided  at 
the  "  Grange,"  which  was  built  by  him  in  his  father's  life-time, 
1610,  died  there  I5th  July,  1651. 

According  to  their  pedigree  in  Burke's  Landed  Gentry,  the 
Drews  of  Youghal,  co.  Cork,  and  of  Drevvsboro',  co.  Clare,  claim 
to  originate  from  "  Drogo,"  through  Drewe  of  Hayne,  in  right 
of  descent  from  Francis,  asserted  to  have  been  the  "  second  son 
of  John  Drew  of  Hayne,  etc.,  by  Joan  Williams  of  Ivesbridge."* 
I  have  neither  space  nor  inclination  to  notice,  at  any  length, 
the  very  obvious  errors  and  assumptions  in  the  earlier  portion 
of  the  genealogy  I  now  quote,  according  to  which  this 
Francis  "  went  to  Ireland,  a  captain  in  the  army  of  Queen 
Elizabeth,  about  the  year  1598,  was  afterward  of  Kilwinny, 
co.  Waterford,  &c.,  married  twice,  and  was  the  father  of  John 
Drew  of  Kilwinny,  and  of  Barry  Drew  of  Ballyduff,  the  an- 
cestors of  these  Irish  branches." 

It  is  sufficient  to  say  that  it  was  Joane,  not  "  John  Drew," 
who  was  the  wife,  not  "  husband,"  of  John  Williams  of  Tro- 
bridge,  co.  Devon,  that  the  father  of  Francis,  younger  brother 
of  Edward  Drewe  of  Hayne,  not  "Richard,"  does  not  appear 
to  have  been  the  Francis,  if  he  ever  had  any  real  existence, 
who  settled  in  Ireland  ;  at  all  events  Francis  Drew  of  Newton 
St.  Cyres,  and  the  nephew,  not  "son,"  of  Joan  Williams,  was 
buried  there,  as  shewn  by  the  parish  register,  2Oth  June, 
1605. 

"  Walter,"  another  son  of  Drogo  Fitz-Mauger,  and  therefore 
brother  of  "  Drogo,"  the  ancestor  of  Drewe  of  Hayne  (which 
estate  now  belongs  to  Lord  Iddesleigh),  was  known,  probably 
from  his  birthplace,  as  "  de  Bremerige."  That  he  was  settled 
upon  that  portion  of  his  father's  property  which  was  situated  in 
Sandford,  that  he  must  have  given  his  name  to  it,  and  that 


*  Ivy  Bridge,  in  the  parish  of  ILirford,  on  ihe  Erme.     For  "  Williams,"  see  my 
Devonshire  Parishes,  vol.  ii.,  pp.  220,  221. 


4M  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

it  was  appendant  to  his  father's  Manor  of  Bradleigh,  otherwise 
Posbury-Brad!ei<jh,  is  sufficiently  proved  by  existing  con- 
temporary records,  together  with  the  fact  that  he  was  the 
father  and  grandfather  of  Richard  and  Robert  de  Bremerige. 

The  latter  "  recovered "  his  land  in  Sandford  in  or  about 
the  year  1218,  upon  doing  the  customary  homage  and  service 
to  the  chief  lord  of  the  fee,  and  upon  surrender  of  "  one  ox 
and  one  horse"  as  an  heriot,  as  "son  of  Richard,  son  of  Walter 
de  Bremelrig,  whose  land  it  was."  The  tenure  was  the  annual 
render  of  "  three  little  sieves  of  chimney  soot,  five  sieves  of 
oats,  and  a  small  money  payment."  Amongst  the  witnesses 
to  this  "  recovery  "  I  find  the  name  of  his  neighbour,  "  Gilbert 
de  Dodarig." 

In  the  third  year  of  Henry  III.,  1218,  Jordan  de  Coketrewe, 
in  the  presence  of  Josceline,  Bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells,  Roger 
Cole,  Canon  of  Exeter,  and  others,  acknowledged  the  right 
of  "  Robert,  son  of  Richard  de  Bremelrigg,"  to  one  ferling 
of  land  in  "  Bremelrigg."  His  descendants  continued  to  possess 
this  Sandford  property  from  generation  to  generation,  but 
when  the  Manor  of  Posbury-Bradleigh  became  alienated  from 
the  posterity  of  Drogo  Fitz-Mauger,  I  am,  at  present,  unable 
to  say.  It  is  shown  by  an  indenture  dated  2oth  April,  I2th 
Henry  VIII.,  1521,  that  John  Bremridge  then  held  Bremridge 
as  of  the  Manor  of  Bradleigh,  whose  then  owner  was  a  certain 
John  Ford.  This  John  Bremridge,  who  had  sisters,  Thomasine 
and  Mary,  was  the  son  of  John  Bremridge  of  Bremridge,  by 
his  wife,  Christian  Ware,  and  died  in  1581,  and  the  latter  was 
the  son  and  heir  of  William  Bremridge  of  Bremridge  (twelfth 
in  direct  descent  from  Drogo  Fitz-Mauger),  who  had  release 
of  all  tenements,  lands,  reversions,  rents,  etc.,  etc.,  in  "  Breme- 
rygge,"  1 8th  January,  Qth  Edward  IV.,  1469. 

On  the  5th  April,  23rd  Elizabeth,  1581,  John  Bremridge, 
son  of  the  John  of  1521  above  mentioned,  did  homage  and 
service  to  George  Pollard,  then  the  Lord  of  the  Manor  of 
Posbury-Bradleigh,  and  duly  recovered  seizin  of  Bremridge, 
his  inheritance.  By  an  Inq.  p.m.  taken  at  Okehampton,  i6th 
June,  4ist  Elizabeth  (1599),  it  appears  that  he  died  "seized 
of  one  capital  messuage  or  tenement  called  Bremridge,  with 
three  orchards,  two  gardens,  seventy  acres  of  land,  four  of 


DE I  'ONSHIRE     WILLS. 


4'5 


meadow,  and  half  an  acre  of  wood,  within  the  parish  and 
hundred  of  Crediton,  all  held  of  Richard  Pollard  and  John 
Hele,  serjeant-at-law,  as  parcel  of  the  Manor  of  Posbury- 
Bradleigh,  by  the  eighth  part  of  a  knight's  fee  and  by  the 
annual  rent  of  seven  shillings  and  five  pence,  that  he  held 
no  other  Manors  in  reversion,  remainder,  or  in  use,  on  the 
day  he  died,  and  that  William  Bremridge  was  his  son  and 
next  heir  and  aged  twenty-one  years  or  more." 

The  grandson  of  the  latter,  John  Bremridge,  was  the  father 
of  John,  son  and  heir,  of  Bremridge,  and  also  of  a  younger 
son  who  liekwise  resided  in  Sandford,  and  had  a  son,  also  of 
Sandford,  the  father  of  Samuel  Bremridge,  of  whom  here- 

\ 

after,  and  of  two  daughters,  Sarah  (Langworthy)  and  Mary 
Force. 

John,  son  and  heir  of  John  Bremridge,  married  Mary  Reed 
of  Priors  Town,  Sandford,  and  was  the  father  of  John  Brem- 
ridge, who,  by  his  wife,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  William  Smale 
of  Witheridge,  had  a  son,  John,  who  died  unmarried,  and  a 
daughter,  Anna  Maria,*  heir  to  her  brother,  and  who  brought 
Bremridge,  in  1788,  to  her  husband,  Richard  Melhuish  of 
Poughill  (a  brother  of  John  Melhuish  of  Hill  in  Cruse  Morchard), 
whose  daughter,  Elizabeth,  married  Jonathan  Worthy.  (See 
ante,  pp.  79,  80 ;  and  "  Worthe  of  Worth,"  post.} 

Thomas  Melhuish  of  Poughill  inherited  Bremridge  in  right 
of  his  mother,  and  married  his  kinswoman,  Elizabeth,  daughter 
of  the  Rev.  T.  Melhuish  of  Clawton  and  Ashwater,  by  whom 
he  had  Thomas  Bremridge  Melhuish,  son  and  heir,  born  1812, 
of  Bremridge  and  Poughill,  and  rector  of  the  latter  parish. 
Upon  his  death,  October  7th,  1885,  his  son  John,  then  a  minor, 
succeeded  to  Bremridge  and  the  rest  of  the  property,  which 
has  all  been  recently  sold — 1894-1895. 

Samuel  Bremridge,  above  mentioned,  of  Sandford,  and  after- 
ward of  Barnstaple,  acquired  a  lease  of  a  house  in  the  latter 
borough  in  1806,  and  was  a  Coroner  of  the  County.  He  married 
Ann,  daughter  of  Thomas  Scott  of  High  Bickington  in  1763, 
and  was  the  father,  inter  altos,  of  John  Bremridge,  first  son 


*  She   was   married   2oth   November,    1775,   and  was   the  first  wife  of  Richard 
Melhuish,  who  afterward  married  Prideaux. 


416  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

and  heir,  who  married  Anne  Colley  ;*  Samuel  Bremridge,  whose 
son,  Richard,  some  time  represented  Barnstaple  in  Parliament ; 
and  also  of  Thomas  Bremridge  of  the  H.E.I.C.N.S.,  who  was 
born  in  1769,  and  married,  in  1818,  Elizabeth  Hicks,  daughter 
and  co-heir  of  John,  elder  brother  of  Jonathan  Worthy  of 
Exeter,  above  mentioned,  by  whom  he  had  issue — James  Philip, 
Thomas  Julius,  and  Maria  Worthy. 

The  eldest  son,  James  Philip  Bremridge,  born  7th  February, 
1820,  of  St.  John's  College,  Oxford,  was  for  some  years  Vicar 
of  Winkleigh,  and  married,  in  1847,  Mary,  daughter  of  Henry 
Melhuish  Ford  of  Exeter,  and  died  in  1887,  leaving  issue — 
Philip  Bremridge,  eldest  son,  born  I4th  July,  1848,  who  now 
resides  at  Winkleigh  ;  Henry,  late  of  Exeter  College,  Oxford, 
and  who  was  instituted  to  the  Vicarage  of  Winkleigh  in  suc- 
cession to  his  father  upon  the  presentation  of  the  Dean  and 
Chapter  of  Exeter,  and  has  issue ;  and  a  daughter,  Mary.  He 
had  also  a  second  son,  John,  who  predeceased  him,  nth 
September,  1884,  set  31. 

The  second  son,  Thomas  Julius  Bremridge,  of  the  Vineyard 
(Exeter  Castle),  was  born  7th  March,  1824,  has  long  held  the 
offices  of  Registrar  of  the  Archdeaconry  of  Exeter  and  Clerk 

*  John  Bremridge  had,  with  three  daughters,  a  son  and  heir,  James  Bremridge, 
who  died  s.p.,  and  a  second  son,  John,  who  died  unmarried  in  1878,  aet.  76.  Their 
mother,  Anne  Colley,  who  was  married  in  1796,  and  died  in  1845,  after  a  widow- 
hood of  thirty-seven  years,  was  the  grand-daughter  of  the  Rev.  James  Colley, 
Rector  of  Martinhoe,  great-grandson  of  Sir  Anthony  Colley,  Kt.,  by  his  wife, 
Anne,  daughter  and  heir  of  Sir  William  Turpin,  Kt.,  by  Elizabeth,  sister  of 
Richard  Fiennes,  whose  claim  to  the  Barony  of  Say  and  Sele  (writ  3rd  March, 
1447)  was  recognised  by  letters  patent  of  9th  August,  1603.  His  lordship  was 
the  grandson  of  Edward,  who,  for  family  reasons,  never  assumed  the  title, 
grandson  of  Henry  "  Lord  Saye,  who  was  never  summoned  to  Parliament," 
and  died  in  1476.  The  latter  was  son  and  heir  of  William,  second  Lord  Saye,  by 
Margaret,  daughter  and  sole  heir  of  William  Wickham,  son  of  Sir  Thomas  Perot,  Kt., 
who  assumed  the  name  of  Wickham  in  memory  of  his  grandmother,  Agnes  Perot  de 
Wickham,  wife  of  William  Champneis,  and  sister  of  William  Perot,  otherwise 
"William  of  Wickham,"  the  celebrated  Bishop  of  Winchester,  the  founder  of  Win- 
chester College  and  of  New  College,  Oxford,  and  the  architect  of  that  portion  of  the 
fabric  of  Windsor  Castle  which  was  erected  in  the  reign  of  Edward  III.  The 
Bishop  died  at  South  Waltham,  Saturday,  27th  September,  1404.  His  ancestors, 
the  Perots  of  Wickham,  co.  Hants,  were  the  descendants  of  Sir  Stephen  Perot  by  his 
marriage  with  Princess  Helen,  daughter  and  sole  heir  of  Marchin,  son  of  Howel 
Dhu,  surnamed  "the  good,"  who  died  in  947,  grandson  of  Roderick  the  Great, 
King  of  all  Wales. 

The  Colleys  settled  in  Devonshire  upon  the  preferment  of  Thomas  Colley,  Clerk  in 
Holy  Orders  (son  of  Dr.  Thomas  Colley,  Registrar  to  the  Bishop  of  London,  son  of 
the  aforesaid  Sir  Anthony  Colley)  to  the  Rectories  of  Georgeham  and  Sherwill.  He 
mairied  Mary,  daughter  of  Sir  T.  Stukeley,  and  died  in  1698.  He  claimed  a  com- 
mon origin  with  the  family  of  Colley  of  Castle  Carbery,  the  paternal  ancestors  of  the 
Wellesleys,  Earls  of  Mornington  and  Dukes  of  Wellington,  whose  original  name  was 
Colley. 


DE  VONSH1RE     If  'ILLS. 


4>7 


of  the  Peace  for  that  city.  He  married  in  1857,  Margaret, 
youngest  daughter  of  the  late  Henry  Melhuish  Ford,  of  Exeter, 
and  younger  sister  of  the  late  Mrs.  J.  P.  Bremridge  of  Wink- 
leigh. 

Anns  of  Bremridge — Sa.,  a  chevron  between  3  crosslets  or. 

Crest — An  arm  embowed  in  armour,  holding  a  dagger 
point  upward  in  pale  ppr.  hilted  or. 

Motto — "  Nil   Desperandum." 

The  Bremridges  quarter  Worthy  (lit  post,  Worth  of  Worth, 
but  differenced  with  a  crescent). 


FULFORD  OF  GREAT  FULFORD. 

There  are  so  many  discrepancies,  inaccuracies,  and  palpable 
genealogical  errors,  in  the  several  notices  of  the  ancient  owners 
of  Great  Fulford,  for  whom  a  "  Saxon  origin  "  has  been  com- 
monly, but  hypothetically,  claimed,  that  I  have  decided,  without 
unnecessary  reference  to  other  writers,  to  confine  myself  to  the 
facts  I  have  been  able  to  recover  as  to  their  descent,  and  to 
dwell  but  lightly  upon  those  points  in  their  history  which  have 
manifestly  originated  in  mere  tradition. 

Although  the  several  pedigrees  of  this  family,  as  recorded  by 
the  Heralds  at  the  sixteenth  century  Visitations  of  the  county, 
differ  considerably  in  the  earlier  generations,  the  long  residence 
of  the  Ful fords  at  Great  Fulford — possibly  from  the  time  of 
Richard  the  first,  positively  from  that  of  Henry  III. — may  be 
freely  admitted  ;  but  this  property,  which  is  situated  in  the 
parish  of  Dunsford  and  hundred  of  Wonford,  and  invariably 
described  in  old  records  as  the  "  Vill "  of  Fulford,  has  been 
strangely  confused  with  the  only  manor  of  similar  name  men- 
tioned in  the  Exeter  Domesday,  and  written  "  Folefort "  in 
that  record,  and  "  Foleford  "  in  the  Exchequer  Copy  of  the 
Survey. 

"  Folefort,"  however,  was  the  property  now  merged  with 
"  Shobrooke  Park,"  and  known  as  Little  Fulford,  which,  in 
1086,  consisted  of  about  forty  acres  of  land,  inclusive  of  four  of 
meadow  and  twenty  of  pasture.  It  was  rated,  in  the  Confessor's 
reign,  at  seven  shillings  p.  #.,  and  passed  at  the  Conquest  to 
28 


418  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Baldwin  de  Brion,  under  whom  it  was  held  by  Motbert,  who 
was  the  owner,  under  the  same  chief  lord,  of  other  neighbouring 
estates,  such  as  Kennerleigh  and  Eggbeare,  in  Cheriton  Bishop, 
and  after  descending  through  several  families  it  was  ultimately 
sold  by  the  Mallets  (who  had  acquired  it  in  marriage  with  Hatch, 
of  Wolleigh,  in  Beaford),  to  Sir  William  Perriam,  Lord  Chief 
Baron  of  the  Exchequer,  who  built  a  house  there,  and  died 
in  1605  ;  his  co-heirs  again  sold  it  to  the  Tuckfields,  who 
erected  the  mansion  now  known  as  "  Shobrooke  Park,"  which, 
from  them,  has  descended  by  devise,  through  Hippesley,  to 
its  present  owner,  Sir  John  Shelley,  Bart.  This  property  is 
situated  partly  in  Shobrooke  and  partly  in  the  parish  of 
Crediton. 

The  Manor  of  Dunsford  did  not  change  hands  at  the  Con- 
quest, but  was  left  in  the  quiet  possession  of  a  Saxon  Thegn 
called  "Saulf,"  together  with  a  neighbouring  property,  in  Tedburn 
St.  Mary,  known  as  Melhywis  (Melhuish).  Saulf,  however,  was 
deprived  of  other  lands  which  he  had  held  in  the  reign  of 
Edward  the  Confessor,  which  were  given  to  Robert  of  Mortain 
and  to  the  latter's  powerful  henchman,  Alured  Brito,  and  it  is 
improbable  that  this  Saxon  owner  was  left  at  ease  in  his 
curtailed  estates  during  the  troublous  times  that  followed  the 
death  of  William  the  First  and  the  reigns  of  his  sons,  Rufus 
and  Henry,  and  their  nephew,  Stephen.  Risdon  (A.D.  1638) 
remarks  that  "  Dunsford  by  Teign  side  was  in  ancient  times 
the  lands  of  William  Bacon  the  Norman,"  and  the  "  William 
Bacon  "  thus  referred  to  can  only  have  been  the  younger  of 
the  great-grandsons  of  "  Grimbald,"  the  kinsman  of  Earl  Warren, 
and  the  commonly  asserted  ancestor  of  our  premier  Baronet. 
This  William  and  his  brother,  "  Robert,"  are  both  said  to  have 
taken  the  name  of  "  Bacon,"  and  they  must  have  been  contem- 
poraries of  King  Henry  II. 

But  the  parish  of  Dunsford  extends  over  nearly  six  thousand 
acres,  and  there  are  several  estates  in  it,  which,  like  Great 
Fulford,  have  not  descended  with  the  manor,  which  was 
not  owned  by  the  Fulfords  until  the  sixteenth  century,  nor 
has  any  proof  at  all  been  adduced  as  to  their  connection 
even  with  the  parish  until  the  reign  of  Richard  I.  at  the  earliest, 
and  then  it  is  that  a  certain  "William  tfk  Turpi  Vado"  or  William 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  449 

of  \\\z  foul  ford >  a  designation  which  appears  to  point  plainly  to 
some    memorable   episode   in    the   Holy  wars,  possibly  to  the 
defeat    of   the   Army   of  the    Cross   at   Tiberias,    in    1187,    is 
described  as  "  de  Fulford."     This  William  de  Fulford,  or  "  de 
Turpi    Vado"  is    traditionally    believed    to   have   distinguished 
himself  greatly  in  the  third  Crusade,  and  is  the  first  recorded 
ancestor  of  the    family.       It    must   be    remembered,    however, 
that  there  are  other  places  of  the  same  name  both  in  Stafford- 
shire and  Yorkshire,  and  it  was  at  the  "foul  ford  "  (Fulford)  near 
York  that  Edwin  and  Morcar  were  defeated  by  Harold  Hardrada, 
King  of  Norway,  just  before  the  Battle  of  Hastings,  September 
2Oth,  1066.     Whatsoever  he  may  have  done  to  deserve  such  a 
signal  mark  of  Royal  favour  as  the  grant  of  these  lands  must 
suggest,   or   however   he    may    have  come   by   his  surname,  it 
seems  to  me  clear  that  "  William  de  Turpi  Vado "  gave  it,  in 
its  English  form,  to  the  "Vill  of  Fulford,"  and  that  the  latter 
had  been  originally  a  portion  of  Saxon    Saulf's   great    Manor 
of    Dunsford,   which    had    become   subdivided    when    taken    in 
hand  by  the  Crown,  as  chief  lords  of  the    fee,   probably   very 
soon  after  the  completion  of  the  Domesday  Survey,  and  thus 
the  lordship  of  Dunsford,  after  an  interval  of  some  years,  was 
again  resumed  by  King   John,  and  given  by  him  to  the  Sack- 
villes ;    whilst    that    part    of   it    since   known   as    Fulford,   was 
doubtless  acquired  by  "  William,"  either  in  the   latter  part  of 
the  reign  of   Henry  the  Second,  or   perhaps    upon    the  return 
to  England  of  his  son,  King  Richard   the  First,  in    1194,  and 
after  the  second  coronation  of  that  monarch. 

The  pedigree  of  Fulford,  as  recorded  at  the  Devonshire 
Visitation  of  1564  (MS.  Harl.,  5185),  commences  with  this 
"  William  de  Turpi  Vado"  therein  described  as  "  William  de 
Fulford,  temp.  R.  I.,"  whose  son,  Nicholas  de  Fulford,  was 
the  father  of  "William  de  Fulford,"  whose  first  wife  was  Mary, 
daughter  and  co-heir  of  Baldwin  de  Belston,  who  was  also 
the  owner  of  the  Manor  of  Parkham,  near  Bideford. 

Both  these  Manors  had  been  held,  in  1087,  by  "  Richard," 
under  Baldwin  de  Brion,  and  it  is  probable  that  the  succeeding 
"  de  Belstons,"  most  of  whom  were  called  Baldwin,  were  the 
natural  grandchildren  of  "  de  Brion,"  whose  eldest  son, 
Richard,  had  no  lawful  issue,  on  which  account  the  hereditary 


420  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Shrievalty  of  Devon  passed  to  his  sister,  Adeliza,  as  I  have 
fully  explained  elsewhere.  (Devonshire  Parishes,  vol.  i,  pp.  78, 
et  seq.  Suburbs  of  Exeter,  pp.  144,  et  seg.} 

Mary  de  BeLstone  inherited  a  third  of  the  Manor  of  Belstone, 
situated  about  three  miles  distant  from  Okehampton  Castle, 
the  seat  of  "de  Brion's"  Barony,  and  also  a  third  of  Parkham. 
Her  husband,  "  William  de  Fulford,"  as  co-patron  with  her 
brother-in-law,  "  Richard  de  Speckot,"  jointly  presented  to  the 
vacant  Rectory  of  Belstone,  23rd  April,  1260  (44th  Henry  III.), 
and  this  is  the  first  time  the  Fulfords  are  referred  to  in  the 
registers  of  the  Diocese  of  Exeter.  The  advowson  of  Belstone 
and  the  third  share*  of  the  manor  of  the  parish  were  sold  by 
John  Fulford  of  Great  Fulford,  who  died,  s.  p.,  1780,  to  the 
Rev.  Joshua  Hole. 

According  to  the  Visitation  pedigree  of  1564,  "William  de 
Fulford  and  Mary  de  Belstone  "  had  issue,  "  Henry,"  who  had 
issue,  "William,"  temp.  "  Edward  III.,"  who  was  the  father  of 
"  Henry  de  Fulford,  Justic.  in  lege  eruditus"  his  legal  skill, 
and  status,  being  a  mere  family  tradition.  This  "  Henry," 
moreover,  is  made  the  father  of  "  Baldwin  de  Fulford,  Kt," 
who  was  She-riff  of  Devon  in  1460,  by  the  omission  of  very 
many  generations. 

The  Visitation  pedigree  of  1620  commences  with  "  Edmondus 
Fulford  de  Fulford,"  from  whom  the  said  "  Sir  Baldwin  "  ap- 
pears to  be  eighth  in  descent,  "  Edmondus  "  being  the  grand- 
son of  the  "  Henry  skilled  in  the  law,"  of  the  Herald's  record 
of  1564.  The  pedigree  of  1620  is  vouched  for  by  the  sig- 
nature of  "  Andrew  Fulford,"  who  was  a  cadet  of  the  family, 
and  resided  at  Littleham,  where  he  was  buried  in  January, 
1626-27. 

The  editors  of  Westcote's  View  of  Devonshire^  1627-42, 
published  in  1845,  have  substituted  a  descent  of  their  own, 
"  compiled,"  as  they  remark,  "  on  better  authority "  than 
that  supplied  by  their  author,  "and  his  continuator,"  John  Prince. 
This  genealogy  entirely  overlooks  the  descent  vouched  for, 
to  SS.  George  and  Lennard,  by  the  signature  of  Andrew 


*  The   third   sister    married    de     Wigomia,    see    ante,    families   of    Wykes    and 
Cheverstone. 

f  The  Rev.  Dr.  Oliver  and  Pitman  Jones. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  421 

Fulford  in  1620,  and  has  added  considerably  to  the  already 
sufficient  genealogical  confusion;  they  have  also  made  "Sir 
Henry,  alias  Sir  William,  Fulford,"  whose  knighthood  is  not 
asserted  in  the  Herald's  pedigree,  but  who  flourished  in  the 
reign  of  Richard  II.,  the  father  of  the  Sir  Baldwin  Fulford  of 
1460. 

I  shall  now  endeavour  to  reconcile  and  correct  these  several 
contradictory  descents.  William  de  Fulford,  son  of  Nicholas, 
and  grandson  of  William,  the  first  of  his  family  of  Great 
Fulford,  presented,  as  I  have  said,  to  the  Rectory  of  Belstone 
in  the  year  1260;  by  his  wife,  Mary,  youngest  daughter  and 
co-heir  of  Baldwin  de  Belston,  he  had  Baldwin  and  Amias, 
who  appear  to  have  been  amongst  the  several  gentlemen 
of  this  county  who  accompanied  Prince  Edward,  the  heir  to 
the  throne,  to  the  Holy  Land  in  the  year  1269,  and  another 
son,  Henry,  who  succeeded  him  at  Great  Fulford. 

Doubtless  Baldwin  was  the  hero  of  an  adventure,  which  may 
perhaps  be  referred  to,  the  capture  of  Acre  by  the  infidels  in 
1291  (when,  it  will  be  remembered,  the  Christian  recluses  in 
that  city  disfigured  their  faces  in  order  to  escape  the  lust  of 
their  conquerors),  and  which  the  figures  of  two  Saracens,  borne, 
by  prescriptive  right,  as  supporters  to  the  arms  of  this  family, 
are  said  to  commemorate.  I  will  give  the  story  in  the  words 
of  Tristram  Risdon  : — "Sir  Baldwin  Fulford  of  deserved  memory 
for  worth  and  valour,  records  testify  that  for  the  honour  and 
liberty  of  a  royal  lady  in  a  castle  besieged  he  fought  a  combat 
with  a  Saracen,  for  growth  an  unequal  match,  and  obtained 
victory  by  the  death  of  his  opponent."  With  respect  to  the 
"bulk,  and  bigness,"  of  this  redoubtable  Saracen,  John  Prince 
adds,  "  as  the  representation  of  him  cut  in  the  wainscot,  in 
Fulford  Hall,  doth  plainly  show." 

The  old  writers  have  evidently  confused  this  Sir  Baldwin  with 
a  collateral  descendant  who  flourished  many  generations  later  ; 
but  how  the  late  Sir  Bernard  Burke  can  have  gravely  per- 
petuated such  an  anachronism,  by  explaining,  when  repeating 
the  tradition,  that  its  hero  was  "  Sheriff  of  Devon  in  38th  o( 
Henry  VI."  (1459-60),  it  is  indeed  difficult  to  understand.. 
Henry  de  Fulford,  brother  of  Baldwin  and  Amias,  succeeded 
to  Great  Fulford,  and  was  the  father  of  William,  Visitation  1564, 


422  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

who  probably  died  without  issue,  as  his  brother,  "  Edmund 
Fulford  of  Fulford,"  commences  the  pedigree  entered  by 
Andrew  Fulford  in  1620.  This  Edmund  was  the  father  of 
John  Fulford  of  Fulford,  who,  by  his  wife,  Alice,  daughter 
and  co-heir  of  Ralph,  son  and  heir  of  Sir  Reginald  de  Fitzurse, 
had  issue,  Henry  de  Fulford  of  Fulford,  son  and  heir. 

This  Henry  de  Fulford  is  said,  but  erroneously,  to  have 
been  a  Judge,  and  in  the  Visitation  pedigree  of  1564  he  is 
described  as  "  skilled  in  the  law."  Prince  misquotes  Sir 
William  Pole,  and  has  published  the  hypothetical  history, 
founded  upon  a  misprint  in  Godwin's  De  Prczsulibus  Anglice 
Eboracenses,  p.  59,  of  "  Sir  William  Fulford,  Kt.,"  whom  he 
describes  as  "  a  younger  brother  of  Henry  Fulford,"  and  relates 
that,  as  one  of  the  Justices  of  the  King's  Bench,  he  presided 
at  the  trial  of  Richard  Scroope  (L'Escrope),  Archbishop  of 
York,  who  was  beheaded  for  opposition  to  the  usurpation 
of  Henry  IV.,  June  8th,  1405.  John  Prince  blandly  explains 
that  he  cannot  discover  any  such  "Justice,"  but  presumes 
that  the  first  portion  of  his  name  must  have  been  omitted  and 
that  he  was  identical  with  the  "William  Ford  "  mentioned  by 
Dugdale  as  a  "Baron  of  the  Exchequer,"  I2th  Richard  II. 
and  ist  Henry  IV.  However,  as  he  gives  us  particulars  of 
his  education,  and  asserts  his  connection  with  the  Fulford 
family,  the  inclusion  of  his  biography  is  alone  sufficient  to 
disparage  the  general  value  of  The  Worthies  of  Devon,  which 
is  full  of  similar  inaccuracies.  In  this  particular  instance, 
in  which  he  has  been  misled  by  Bishop  Godwin,  the  latter 
author  doubtless  intended  to  refer  to  Sir  William  Fulthorp,  who 
was  certainly  "skilled  in  the  law  of  the  kingdom,"  legum  regni 
perito,  as  the  Bishop  says,  although  others  who  have  pointed  out 
Prince's  error,  and  have  referred  to  Fulthorp  as  a  mistake  for 
Fulford,  have  asserted  that  he  was  "a  Knight,  not  a  Judge." 
Nevertheless,  Fulthorp  happens  to  have  been  one  of  the  five 
judges*  from  whom  King  Richard  obtained  an  opinion  at 
Nottingham,  August  25th,  1387,  that  the  council  of  eleven, 
with  the  Duke  of  Gloucester  at  their  head,  and  which  had 
deprived  him  of  all  power  since  the  previous  October,  was 

*  The  five  judges  were  Trtsilian,  Belknap,  Holt,  Burgh,  and  Fulthorp. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  423 

illegal,  and  that  those  who  acted  under  it  were  traitors.  All  tlic 
extant  records  of  the  Visitation  of  1564  are  merely  accepted 
copies  of  the  original  notes  of  the  Heralds,  and,  as  there  does  not 
appear  to  have  been  any  such  person  as  "Sir  William  Fulford," 
at  the  period  referred  to,  it  is  probable  that  Godwin's  error  was 
perpetuated,  perhaps  by  Dugdale,  by  the  subsequent  insertion  of 
the  words  "  Justic.  in  lege  eruditus  "  after  the  name  of  Sir  Henry 
Fulford,  who  was  certainly  not  a  judge,  in  the  copies  of  the 
Visitation  pedigree.  The  first  edition  of  Godwin's  work  ap- 
peared in  1 60 1.  Henry  Fulford,  who  is  made  the  father  of 
Sir  Baldwin  in  the  pedigree  of  1564,  had  by  his  wife  and 
kinswoman,  Wilhelmina,  daughter  and  heir  of  John  Laiigduii, 
by  a  co-heir  of  Ralph  Fitz-Urse,  a  son,  William,  who  was  born, 
probably  about  1355,  and  was  the  father  of  William,  son  and 
heir,  who  seems  to  have  died  without  issue  and  to  have 
been  succeeded  at  Great  Fulford  by  his  brother,  Thomas,  who 
is  set  down  as  his  son  in  the  original  MS.  of  the  Visitation 
of  1620. 

Thomas  Fulford  of  Great  Fulford,  born  about  1378,  married 
a  daughter  and  co-heir  of  William  de  Moreton  of  West  Put- 
ford  (the  other  co-heir  married  Gary),  and  was  the  father  of 
John  Fulford,  son  and  heir,  c.  1399,  whose  son  and  heir,  Henry 
Fulford  of  Fulford,  married  the  daughter  and  heir  of  Philip 
Bryan,  third  son  of  Guy  Lord  Biyan  of  Tor  Bryan,  in  this 
county,  who  died  in  1391.  He  had  a  daughter,  Katherine, 
wife  of  Ralph  Prye,  and  who  afterward  married  John  Glynn 
of  Morvell,  and  two  sons,  William,  a  Canon  of  Exeter  and 
Archdeacon  of  Barnstaple,  1462,  and  who  died  in  1475,  and 
Sir  Baldwin  Fulford,  son  and  heir,  of  Great  Fulford. 

Sir  Baldwin,  who,  as  I  have  previously  remarked,  has 
been  confounded  both  in  family  tradition  as  well  as  by 
the  Heralds  and  by  the  several  county  historians,  with  his 
namesake,  the  Crusader,  who  was  brother  of  his  ancestor, 
Henry  Fulford,  the  son  of  that  William  Fulford  who  flourished 
in  1260,  was  Sheriff  of  Devon  in  1455-56,  and  again  filled 
the  same  office  in  1460-61.  He  was  a  Knight  of  the  Sepulchre 
and  subordinate  to  Henry  Holland,  third  Duke  of  Exeter, 
in  the  office  of  High  Admiral  of  England.  He  fought  at 
Towton  on  the  side  of  his  Royal  patron,  and  appears  to  have 


424  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

escaped  from  that  sanguinary  engagement,  but  he  was  after- 
ward taken  prisoner  at  Hexham  and  beheaded,  by  order 
of  the  Lord  Montacute,  May  I5th,  1465.  By  his  wife,  Jennet, 
daughter  and  heir  of  John  Bosome,  alias  Bozun,  of  Bosome- 
Hele,  in  the  parish  of  Dittisham  (a  younger  branch  of  the 
Bozuns  of  Ilton,  whose  heiress  brought  that  property  to  Chever- 
stone  (see  Cheverstone  pedigree,  ante),  and  great-granddaughter 
of  Robert  Bosome,  by  Joan,  daughter  and  heir  of  Henry  St. 
George)  Sir  Baldwin  had  a  son  and  heir,  Thomas  ;  a  son  John, 
who  was  Archdeacon  of  Totnes,  Cornwall,  and  Exeter,  succes- 
sively, between  the  years  1499  and  1518,  when  he  died  and 
was  buried  in  Exeter  Cathedral  ;  and  two  daughters,  the  eldest 
of  whom,  Thomazine,  married  Sir  Thomas  Wise,  and,  through 
her  daughter,  Alice,  was  the  ancestress  of  the  present  Dukes 
of  Bedford  (see  Wise  pedigree,  ante},  whilst  the  youngest,  Anna, 
married  Sir  William  Cary,  her  kinsman,  who  fell  at  Tewkesbury 
in  1471. 

Sir  Thomas  Fulford,  who  has  been  confused  by  Lysons, 
Mag.  Brit.,  with  his  younger  son  of  the  same  name,  has 
been  said,  by  several  authors,  to  have  been  beheaded  in  or 
about  the  year  1471.  He  was,  however,  attainted  with  other 
malcontents  by  Richard  III.  in  October,  1483,  but  survived 
the  accession  of  Henry  VII.,  and  died  2Oth  February,  1489 
(6th  Henry  VII.,  Inq.,  p.m.}.  By  his  wife,  Philippa,  daughter 
of  Sir  Philip  Courtenay  of  Powderham,  he  had  a  son,  Sir 
Humphry  Fulford,  Kt.  of  the  Bath  ;  a  third  son,  Thomas,  above 
mentioned,  and  who  was  the  "  Sir  Thomas  "  cited  by  Lysons  as 
having  assisted  at  the  relief  of  Exeter  in  the  Perkin  Warbeck 
siege  of  that  city  in  September,  1497  ;  a  second  son 
William,  and  a  fourth  son  Philip.  Sir  Humphry  married  a 
daughter  and  co-heir  of  John  Bonvile  of  Shute,  but  as  he  died 
childless  he  was  succeeded  by  his  next  brother,  William,  as 
heir-at-law  ;  the  latter  married  Joan,  daughter  of  John  Bonvile 
of  Combe  Ralegh,*  and  had  five  sons,  the  eldest  of  whom  was 
a  minor  at  his  father's  death  in  1517,  and  was  left  to  the 
guardianship  of  his  uncle,  Philip  Fulford,  the  fourth  son  of 
Sir  Thomas  and  Philippa  Courtenay,  who  survived  until  1532. 

*  See  note  as  to  the  Fulford  Armorials,  post. 


DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS.  425 

Philip's  nephew,  Sir  John  Fulford  of  Great  Fulford,  Kt., 
attained  his  majority  in  1523,  was  Sheriff  of  Devon  in 
1534-35,  and  again  in  1540-41.  His  will,  dated  nth  July, 
1544,  was  proved  in  London,  3ist  May,  1546,  sometime  after 
his  death,  which  had  occurred  on  the  I4th  November,  1544. 

As  I  have  remarked  above,  up  to  this  date  the  Fulfords 
had  not  acquired  the  lordship  of  the  Manor  of  Dunsford, 
although  they  had  been  settled  for  so  many  generations  upon 
that  portion  of  its  ancient  lands,  which,  in  accordance  with  the 
reflection  of  the  Psalmist,  they  "  had  called  after  their  own 
names."  According  to  Risdon,  the  successor  of  Saulf,  the 
Saxon  Thegn,  in  the  Manor  of  Dunsford,  appears  to  have  been 
"  Bacon,"  who  can  only  have  been  identical  with  Sir  William 
Bacon,  of  Monks  Bradfield,  co.  Suffolk,  brother  of  Robert, 
great-grandson  of  "Grimbaldus,"  the  Norman  kinsman  of  Earl 
Warren,  who  was  created  Earl  of  Surrey  by  William  Rufus. 
This  William,  who,  with  his  brother  "  Robert,"  flourished  in 
the  reign  of  Henry  II.,  assumed  the  name  of  Bacon,  but  did 
not  long  remain  the  owner  of  Dunsford,  which  is  said  to  have 
been  given  by  King  John  to  Robert  Sachville,  or  Sackville, 
whose  family  owned  Clist  Sachville,  in  the  parish  of  Faringdon. 
I  may  here  remark  that  the  lordship  of  the  Hundred  of  Wron- 
ford,  in  which  Dunsford  is  situated,  was  restored  by  the  same 
monarch  to  the  Mandeville  family,  whose  gift  of  it  to  them 
by  Henry  I.  had  been  forfeited  by  a  subsequent  attainder. 

The  Manor  of  Dunsford  seems  to  have  descended  from 
Robert  Sachville  to  his  nephew,  Philip  Causbeuf,  whose 
daughter  and  heir,  Amisia,  brought  it  in  marriage  to  her  hus- 
band, Robert  de  Blackford.  John,  son  of  Robert  de  Black- 
ford,  sold  the  Manor  of  Dunsford,  with  the  advowson  of 
the  parish  church,  which  had  been  dedicated,  as  the  church 
of  St.  Mary,  by  Bishop  Broncecombe,  29th  July,  1262,  to 
Bishop  Peter  Quivil,  or  Quiril,  of  Exeter,  as  agent  for  Maud, 
daughter  of  John  de  Lacy,  Earl  of  Lincoln,  and  widow  of 
Richard  de  Clare,  Earl  of  Gloucester,  in  or  about  the  year 
1284,  in  order  that  it  might  form  a  portion  of  the  magnificent 
endowment  of  that  charitable  lady  to  the  priory  of  Canonsleigh, 
in  the  parish  of  Burlescombe,  and  which,  originally  dependent 
on  Plympton,  was  turned  into  an  Abbey  for  Canonesses  of  the 


426  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

order  of  St.  Augustine  in  that  year  through  the  Bishop's 
exertions  and  influence  with  the  said  Countess.  By  deed  en- 
rolled before  the  King's  Justices  at  Exeter,  I4th  Edward  I., 
1285-6,  John  de  Blakeford  executed  a  quit  claim  of  this 
property  with  the  reservation  of  an  annual  rent  of  one  penny, 
to  himself  and  his  heirs,  at  Michaelmas,  and  by  a  further 
deed  he  authorised  the  purchasers  to  exchange  it  with  the 
Dean  and  Chapter  of  Exeter  for  the  Manor  of  Clist  Hynton 
if  they  wished.  The  sale  was  duly  confirmed  April  /th,  6th 
Edward  II.,  1313,  by  the  Lords  of  the  Hundred  of  Wonford, 
as  Chief  Lords,  under  the  Crown,  of  the  Manor  of  Dunsford, 
viz.,  by  John  de  Mandeville  and  Sir  Robert  Fitz-Payne. 

On  5th  August,  1314,  Bishop  Stapeldon  assigned  for  the 
support  of  the  then  Vicar  of  Dunsford,  Pagan  de  Excestria 
(who  had  been  previously  allowed  a  hundred  shillings  a  year  out 
of  the  Episcopal  Treasury),  and  his  successors,  a  house  and 
garden  on  the  south  side  of  the  church,  a  close  near  said  garden 
on  the  east,  with  the  altarage,  the  tithe  of  hay  and  apples,  and 
the  great  titJus  of  the  Vills  of  Folforde  and  Cliffort. 

At  this  period  the  value  of  the  rectorial  tithes  was  assessed 
at  £g  145.  od.,  whilst  the  manor  rents  amounted  to  £10  8s.  io^d. 
per  acre.  Dunsford  Manor  and  Church,  with  the  rest  of  the 
Canonsleigh  property,  was  surrendered  to  Henry  VIII.  on 
February  i6th,  1538-9.  The  manor  was  then  worth  £26  8s.  3d., 
the  rectorial  tithes  £9  135.  4d.,  and  the  vicarage  was  valued  at 
£19  I  os.  od.  a  year  ;  the  net  value  of  the  vicarage  in  1835  was 
returned  at  ,£297  a  year,  for  a  population  of  903. 

On  the  nth  June,  1544,  King  Henry  VIII.  sold  the  Manor 
of  Dunsford,  together  with  the  Rectory  and  right  of  patronage 
of  the  vicarage,  together  with  Dunsford  Wood  and  other 
properties  to  "  Sir  John  Fulford,  Kt,  and  Humphry  Colles,  Esq." 
The  former  only  survived  the  acquisition  of  Dunsford,  which, 
with  the  church,  has  since  remained  with  his  descendants,  a  little 
over  four  months,  as  I  have  already  shown.  Within  a  month 
of  the  purchase  he  made  his  will,  which  was  not  proved  by  his 
eldest  son  and  executor  for  nearly  two  years,  probably  because 
at  the  time  of  his  father's  death  he  had  not  attained  his  majority. 
By  his  wife,  Lady  Dorothy  Bourchier,  second  daughter  of  the 
first  Earl  of  Bath  (who  was  a  great-grandson  of  William 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  427 

Bourchier,  Earl  of  Eu,  by  Anne  Plantagenet,  daughter  of 
Thomas  of  Woodstock,  youngest  son  of  King  Edward  III.), 
Sir  John  Fulford  had  a  family  of  two  sons  and  four  daughters. 
The  eldest  son,  Sir  John  Fulford,  Kt.,  of  Great  Fulford,  was 
over  twenty  years  of  age  in  1544,  and  was  Sheriff  of  Devon 
in  Queen  Mary's  reign,  1558,  and  again  in  that  of  Queen 
Elizabeth,  1574-75.  He  died  in  August,  1580.  He  was  twice 
married,  first  to  his  neighbour,  Anna,  daughter  of  Sir  Thomas 
Dennis  of  Holcombe  Burnell,  and  afterward  to  Ellinor,  daughter 
and  heir  of  Bernard  Smyth  of  Totnes,  who  was  a  widow,  and 
had,  moreover,  been  four  times  a  wife,  at  her  death,  some- 
time after  1610,  when  she  is  mentioned  in  the  will  of  her 
eldest  step-son.  The  latter,  Thomas  Fulford,  was  the  eldest 
of  eleven  children,  the  sixth  of  whom,  Andrew  Fulford  of 
Littleham,  signed  the  family  pedigree  in  1620. 

Thomas  Fulford  of  Great  Fulford  died  in  1610,  aged  58, 
and  was  buried  at  Dunsford.  By  his  wife,  Ursula  Bamfeild 
of  Poltimore,  he  had  three  sons  and  four  daughters  ;  the  second 
son,  who  was  a  Barrister  of  the  Middle  Temple,  was  buried  at 
Bovey  Tracy,  in  1639;  tne  eldest  son,  Sir  Francis  Fulford,  Kt., 
was  baptized  at  St.  Mary  Majors  Church,  Exeter,  1st  Septem- 
ber, 1583.  He  distinguished  himself  in  the  "troublous  times" 
in  which  lie  lived,  and  held  a  Colonel's  commission  in  the 
Royal  Army  and  garrisoned  Great  Fulford  House,  which  had 
been  rebuilt  in  the  reign  of  Henry  VII.,  probably  by  Sir 
Humphry  Fulford,  and  was  compelled  to  capitulate  to  Fairfax  in 
1645,  two  years  after  his  eldest  son,  Thomas  Fulford,  had  fallen 
fighting  before  Exeter.  One  side  of  the  quadrangle,  round 
which  the  house  is  built,  was  then  rendered  ruinous,  and  has 
been  for  many  years  disused  and  uninhabitable.  After  the 
restoration,  King  Charles  sent  the  Fulfords  a  full  length  picture 
of  his  unfortunate  father,  which  has  since  hung  in  the  great 
entrance  hall,  which  is  wainscotted  with  Tudor  carving,  a  por- 
tion of  which  was  intended  to  illustrate  the  traditional  combat 
between  Sir  Baldwin  Fulford  and  the  gigantic  Saracen  already 
referred  to.  Besides  Thomas  Fulford,  killed  at  the  siege  of 
Exeter  in  1643,  and  whose  issue  male  expired  with  the  death 
of  Col.  Francis  Fulford,  his  grandson,  in  October,  1700,  Col.  Sir 
Francis  Fulford,  who  died  in  1664,  had,  inter  alios,  a  fifth  son, 


428  DE  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

George  Fulford,  born  in  1599,  who  settled  at  Toller  Fratrum, 
in  Dorsetshire,  and  whose  great-grandson,  Francis  Fulford, 
born  in  1704,  eventually  succeeded  to  Great  Fulford,  and  was 
buried  at  Dunsford,  loth  January,  1749.  By  his  wife,  Ann, 
daughter  of  Sir  Arthur  Chichester  of  Goulston,  he  had  a 
numerous  family,  and  many  of  his  children  predeceased  him. 
He  was  succeeded  by  his  fourth  son,  John  Fulford,  who  died 
without  issue  in  1780,  when  Great  Fulford  passed  to  the  eighth 
and  youngest  son,  Benjamin  Swete  Fulford,  born  1743.  and 
who  married  Joan,  daughter  of  Thomas  Galpine.  His  son  and 
heir,  Col.  Baldwin  Fulford  of  Great  Fulford,  who  long  com- 
manded the  1st  Devon  Militia,  and  had  previously  held  a 
commission  in  the  6th  Dragoons,  Inniskilling,  married  Anna 
Maria  Adams,  of  Bowden,  whose  son  and  heir,  Baldwin  Fulford 
of  Great  Fulford,  and  an  officer  of  the  1st  Devon  Yeomanry, 
died  childless  in  1871,  when  Great  Fulford  passed  to  its  present 
owner,  Francis  Drummond  Fulford,  his  nephew,  who  is  the 
eldest  son  of  the  late  Rt.  Rev.  Francis  Fulford,  Bishop  of 
Montreal  and  Metropolitan  of  Canada,  who  predeceased  his 
brother  Baldwin  in  1868.  Mr.  Francis  Fulford,  now  of  Great 
Fulford,  was  born  25th  October,  1831,  married,  in  1856,  a 
daughter  of  Mr.  Philip  Holland  of  Montreal,  and  has,  with  other 
issue,  a  son  and  heir,  Francis  Algernon  Fulford,  who  was  born 
at  Montreal,  1 5th  September,  1861. 

The  very  simple  Arms  of  the  family  of  Fulford,  "gules,  a 
chevron  argent','  mark  the  extreme  antiquity  of  the  family  ; 
their  Crest,  "  a  Bear's  head,  erased  sa.,  muzzled,  or"  is  evidently 
derived  from  Fitz-Urse  ;  the  origin  of  their  supporters,  two 
Saracens,  I  have  already  explained.  They  have,  moreover, 
fully  exemplified  their  motto,  "Bear  Up"  perhaps  under  com- 
paratively adverse  conditions  of  late  years.  Since  the  sale  of 
the  Worth  estates  at  Tiverton,  within  the  last  decade,  no 
family  in  Devonshire  can  pretend  to  show  a  longer  possession 
of,  and  residence  upon,  one  of  the  most  important  properties 
in  Devonshire  than  the  Fulfords,  save,  possibly,  Kelly  of  Kelly 
(ante),  and  Edgcumbe  of  Edgcumbe,  in  the  parish  of  Milton 
Abbot  (see  my  Devonshire  Parishes,  vol.  I,  p.  253).  Acland 
Barton,  in  the  parish  of  Landkey,  has  long  ceased  to  have 
any  claim  to  be  regarded  as  a  county  residence  and  can 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  429 

certainly  never  have  had  any  pretension  to  equal  such  estates 
as  those  I  have  mentioned.  But  it  is  nevertheless  still  the 
property  of  the  representative  of  its  original  owners,  Sir 
Thomas  Dyke  Acland,  Bt,  of  Killerton,  and  has  belonged 
to  that  family  since  the  twelfth  century.  (See  Acland  of 
Killerton,  post.} 

In  the  published  edition  of  the  original  Visitation  of  Devon- 
shire, 1620,  recently  edited  by  Lt.-Col.  J.  L.  Vivian,  a  blazon 
of  the  Fulford  arms  and  quarterings  is  affixed  to  their  pedigree, 
as  follows  : — 

"  1st.  Fulford.     Gu.,  a  chevron,  arg. 

"2nd.  Fitz-Urse.  Arg.,  a  bend  between  three  bears'  heads, 
erased,  sa. 

"  3rd.  Moreton.     Arg.,  a  chevron  between  3  moorcocks,  sa. 
"  4th.  Bilston.     Or,  on  a  bend  gu.,  3  crosses  formic,  arg." 

5th.  ?— 

"6th.  St.  George.     Arg.,  a  lion  ramp,  gu.,  a  chief  az. 
"7th.  Cantilupe.     Az.,  3  leopards'  faces  jessant  de  lis,  or. 
"  8th.  St.  Albyn.     Erm.,  on  a  cross  gu.,  5  bezants. 
"  9tii.  Challons.     Gu.,  two  bars,  and  an  orle  of  martlets,  arg" 
I  desire  to  draw  attention, 

1st,  to  the  entire  omission  of  number  5  in  the  above  quar- 
terings. 

2nd,  to  the  introduction  of  numbers  7,  8,  and  9,  which  are 
not  only  incorrectly  marshalled,  but  are  coats  which  the 
Fulfords  do  not  appear  to  be  entitled  to  quarter  at  all. 

They  evidently  refer  to  the  marriage  of  William  Fulford, 
who  succeeded  his  brother  Sir  Humphry,  and  died  in  1517, 
with  Joan,  daughter  of  John  Bonvile,  who,  according  to  an 
imperfect  descent  attached  to  the  Visitation  record,  was  the 
daughter  of  the  said  John,  by  Alice,  daughter  and  heir  of 
William  Dennis,  by  daughter  and  heir  of  Thomas  Challons, 
son  of  Sir  Robert  Challons,  Kt 

In  such  case  the  quarterings  would  be — 

7th.  Bonvile. 

8th.  Dennis,  brought  in  by  Bonvile. 

9th.  Challons,  brought  in  by  Dennis. 

And  Cantilupe  and   St.   Albyns  are   unaccounted  for. 

As  a   matter  of  fact,  Challons,  then  entitled  to  quarter  the 


430  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

Arms  of  Leigh,  married  a  daughter  and  heir  of  Cantilupe ; 
the  daughter  and  heir  of  Challons  married  St.  Albyn,  who  then 
quartered  Ralegh  ;  the  daughter  and  heir  of  St.  Albyn 
married  William  Dennis;  the  daughter  and  heir  of  Dennis 
married  John  Bonvile ;  and  Joan  Bonvile  was  the  wife  of 
William  Fulford.  (An  heiress  of  Ralegh  was  the  grandmother 
of  Alice  St.  Albyn  ;  and  an  heiress  of  Leigh,  the  ancestress 
of  Challons  who  married  Cantilupe.) 

So  that  the  quarterings,  correctly  marshalled,  would  follow 
thus : — 

1st,  Bonvile;  2nd,  Dennis;  3rd,  St.  Albyn;  4th,  Ralegh; 
5th,  Challons  ;  6th,  Leigh  ;  7th,  Cantilupe. 

That  is  to  say,  Bonvile  should  replace  Cantilupe  as  No.  7 
in  the  blazon  affixed  to  the  printed  copy  of  the  Visitation,  and 
then  proceed  as  above. 

But  Joan,  daughter  of  John  Bonvile  of  Combe  Ralegh,  in- 
herited from  Ralegh,  as  above,  was  not  entitled  to  transmit 
arms  to  her  descendants,  as  she  had  a  brother  John,  who 
married  Edith  Blewitt,  and  was  the  father  of  Humphry  Bonvile, 
who,  besides  daughters,  left  no  less  than  five  sons ;  so  that  it 
is  indeed  hard  to  understand  how  any  claim  to  the  arms  and 
quarterings  of  this  branch  of  the  Bonvile  family  can  ever  have 
been  suggested  for  the  Fulfords.* 

John  Bonvile,  the  husband  of  Alice  Dennis,  was  an 
illegitimate  son  of  William,  Lord  Bonvile  of  Chewton,  co. 
Somerset. 

The  arms  of  Fulford,  in  accordance  with  their  successive 
alliances  with  heirs  or  co-heirs  should,  I  venture  to  consider, 
be  thus  marshalled  : — 

ist,  Fulford  ;  2nd,  Belston  ;  3rd,  Fitzurse  ;  4th,  Langdon 
(arg.,  a  chevron  between  3  bears'  heads  erased  sa.} ;  5th,  Fitz- 
urse (repeated  by  Langdon) ;  6th,  Moreton ;  7th,  Bryan  (or., 
3  piles,  in  point  #£.);  8th,  Bozun  (gu.,  3  bird  bolts  arg.} ; 
9th,  FitzGeorge  (by  Bozun) ;  roth,  Samways  (sa.  on  a  fess 
between  3  crosses  pattee  or.,  as  many  martlets  of  the  field). 


*  The  Fulfords  certainly  acquired  property  with  Joan  Bonvile,  e.g.,  the  Manor  of 
Godford,  in  the  parish  of  Awlescombe,  but  this  fact  would  not  entitle  them  to  quarter 
her  arms,  failing  proof  of  the  absolute  extinction  of  the  issue,  male  or  female,  of  her 
five  nephews,  or  of  any  lawful  descendants  of  her  brother. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  431 

THE    HOUSE    OF    WORTH. 

Just  previously  to  the  Christian  Era,  there  was  a  very  con- 
siderable exodus  of  Roman  emigrants  to  Neustria,  since  known 
as  Normandy,  who  declined,  as  far  as  possible,  any  intercourse 
with  their  new  neighbours,  the  aboriginal  Gauls,  but  confined 
themselves  to  the  towns  and  villages  which  in  the  course  of 
ages  replaced  their  primary  encampments,  and  which  were 
known  in  their  own  language  as  "  Pagi,"  and  their  inhabitants 
as  "  Pagan  i,"  hence  the  French  "  Pay  en  "or  peasant,  and  the 
words  "  Paynim  "  and  "  Pagan,"  the  medieval  equivalents  for 
infidel  and  heathen. 

And  long  after  Rollo,  the  son  of  Rognwld,  had  laid  the 
foundation  of  the  future  Dukedom  of  Normandy  in  the  early 
years  of  the  tenth  century  these  "  Pagani  "  or  "  Payens  "  clung 
to  their  ancient  rites  and  superstitions,  although,  of  course,  they 
had  to  be  subservient  to  the  laws  and  customs  of  their  adopted 
country,  so  that  in  process  of  time  they  found  it  more  and  more 
difficult  to  keep  themselves  apart  from  the  general  population 
of  the  country,  and  ultimately  they  became  attached  to  the  rule 
of  Richard  Sans  Peur,  and  to  that  of  his  successor,  Richard 
Le  Bon,  and  from  time  to  time  were  notably  connected  with 
the  public  service  of  the  Norman  Duchy  in  accordance  with  their 
duties  as  good  citizens.  Yet,  under  such  successive  and  varied 
changes  in  their  conditions,  they  appear  never  to  have  been 
forgetful,  and  were  doubtless,  not  unreasonably,  proud  of  their 
descent  from  the  ancient  fathers  of  Imperial  Rome,  although 
by  the  tenth  and  eleventh  centuries  their  distinctive  cognomina 
alone  remained  to  denote  their  remote  connection  with  the 
yellow  Tiber,  and  hence  it  was  that  many  of  these  Normanized 
Romans  helped  to  swell  the  ranks  of  that  miscellaneous  col- 
lection of  continental  adventurers  which  effected  the  conquest  of 
this  island  under  the  ducal  son  of  Harlotta  of  Falaise.  And 
one  of  the  most  important  of  the  Norman  Pagani  appears 
to  have  been  "Ralph  Paganel,"  or  "  Paynel,"  who  heads  the 
family  pedigree*  of  Worth  of  Worth,  in  the  parish  of  Washfield, 
and  whose  extraction  is  sufficiently  commemorated  by  the 

*    Vide  "  Visitations  of  the  co.  of  Devon  "  (Vivian),  pp.  805-809. 


432  DEVONSHIRE     WILLS. 

ancient  prescriptive  arms  which  have  been  borne  by  them,  in 
successive  generations,  ever  since,  indeed,  such  family  distinc- 
tions became  hereditary  in  England — the  Roman  eagle,  with 
the  addition  of  a  second  neck,  as  adopted  by  Charlemagne  to 
denote  his  completed  conquest  of  Germany  in  the  year  802. 

Ralph  Paganel,  or  Paynel,  whose  immediate  descendants 
were  known  as  "  Fitz-Payne,"  appears  in  Domesday  as  Sheriff 
of  Yorkshire,  in  which  county  he  had  fifteen  manors  in  1087, 
a  like  number  in  Lincolnshire,  five  in  Somerset,  and  ten,  in- 
clusive of  the  Manor  of  Washfield,  in  this  county,  in  which  all  his 
lands  are  entered  as  those  of  "a  free  Knight."  His  three  younger 
sons,  Ralph,  Reginald,  and  Robert  Fitz-Payne,  settled  in  Devon- 
shire, and  are  believed  to  have  first  come  here  with  the  Con- 
queror's army  in  its  march  westward  in  the  year  1067.  (See 
my  Suburbs  of  Exeter,  p.  83.)  His  eldest  son,  Fulk  Fitz- 
Paynel,  married  Beatrix,  daughter  and  heir  of  William  Fitz- 
Asculph,  and  thus  acquired  the  Staffordshire  Manor  of  Dudley, 
and  had  a  son,  Ralph,*  whose  son,  Gervase  Fitz-Paynel,  as 
"  Baron  of  Dudley,"  attended  the  ceremony  of  the  coronation 
of  Richard  "  Cceur  de  Lion." 

Of  the  three  great  uncles  of  this  Baron  of  Dudley,  Reginald 
Fitz-Payne,  afterward  known  as  "  de  Worth  "  from  his  residence 
on  that  Saxon  Manor,  and  by  which  name  he  is  entered  in  the 
original  Visitation  of  Devon  in  1620,  and  as  a  "  Knight"  in  the 
prior  record  of  1564,  was  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Witheridge 
under  Mortain,  and  of  Radford  in  Plymstock.  In  the  latter 
parish,  his  brother  Robert  owned  an  estate  known  as  Gosewell  ; 
in  the  former,  his  brother  Ralph  possessed  "  Dart,"  which  has 
since  been  known  as  Dart  Ralph. 

He  had  also  acquired,  under  William  de  Pollei,  the  Worth 
estate  in  Washfield,  which  appears  to  have  descended  to  his 
brother  Reginald  aforesaid,  doubtless  through  failure  of  his 
own  issue.  This  property  was  adjacent  to  that  Manor  of 
Washfield  which  was  held  in  demesne  by  his  father,  Ralph 
Paganel,  or  Paynel,  and  which  afterward  seems  to  have  be- 
come merged  with  it.  There  was,  however,  a  second  Manor, 
which  is  still  known  as  that  of  Washfield,  a  portion  of  which 

*  Another  son  of  this  Ralph,   "  William  Fitz-Payne,"  acquired   the  Devonshire 
Barony  of  Bampton  by  marriage  with  the  daughter  and  heir  of  Robert  de  Douay. 


DE  VONSHIRK     WILLS.  433 

the  Worthes  subsequently  acquired  by  marriage,  as  will  be 
shown  hereafter.  I  may  remark  here,  however,  that  at  a  later 
period  the  Manor  of  Worth,  presumably  with  Washfield 
"  Paganel,"  was  assessed  at  more  than  double  the  amount 
charged  upon  the  other  Manor  of  Washfield,  which  at  the 
period  of  the  survey  in  1086  belonged  to  Ralph  de  Pomeroy. 
Sir  Reginald  Fitz-Payne,  having  succeeded  his  brother  Ralph 
at  Worth,  assumed  the  name  of  that  propeity ;  his  son,  Robert, 
otherwise  "de  Worthe,"  left  Witheridge  to  a  son  of  the  same 
name  (who  was  the  ancestor  of  Robert  Fitz-Payne,  Lord  of 
Witheridge  in  1245),  but  Worth  descended  to  his  son  Alexander. 

Alexander  "  Fitz- Robert,"  alias  "de  Worthe,"  was  the  father 
of  Sir  Richard  Worthe,  Kt ,  whose  son,  Sir  Hugh  Worthe, 
Kt,  of  Wortli,  married  Avis,  eldest  daughter  of  Richard  de 
Redvers,  third  Earl  of  Devon,  by  his  wife,  Avis,  daughter  of 
Reginald,  Earl  of  Cornwall,  and  thus  his  descendants  not  only 
derive  a  descent,  on  the  same  terms  as  the  "  Conqueror,"  from 
the  Dukes  of  Normandy,  and  thence  through  Edgina,  grand- 
daughter of  King  Alfred,  from  Cerdic  King  of  the  West  Saxons, 
but  also  co-represent,  with  the  Courtenays,  the  ancient  house 
of  Redvers.* 

Lady  Avis  Worthe,  and  her  son  and  heir,  Robert,  are  men- 
tioned in  an  existing  deed  by  her  nephew,  William  Redvers 
"de  Vernon,"  sixth  Earl  of  Devon,  c.  1166,  and  this  deed  is 
sealed  with  the  three  torteaux,  since  borne  as  the  arms  of  the 
Courtenays,  Earls  of  Devon.  I  have  already  given  the  general 
descent  of  the  Worthes  of  Worth,  and  of  the  several  branches 
of  the  family,  on  previous  pages,  in  the  form  of  foot  notes  to 
such  of  their  testamentary  documents  as  have  been  included 
in  this  volume,  and  as  their  pedigree  has  been  already  printed 
at  length  elsewhere,t  it  only  remains  for  me  to  add  a 
few  particulars  as  to  their  history,  fortunes,  and  misfortunes- 
Tile  elder  line  failed  at  the  death  of  Alexander  Worthe, 
sometime  after  1366,  when  Wortli  and  other  property  at 
Topsham  and  Tiverton,  which  had  been  acquired  in  marriage 

*  For  a  further  descent  from  Redvers,  through  Courtenay,  see  ante,  p.  69,  note. 

t  Vivian,  ut  ante.     See  also  Visitation,  1564,  Colby,  pp.  212,  213.     Sir  William 
Pole  (pub.  1791)  has  included  several  authenticated  generations,  which  are  omitted 
in  the  Visitation  Records  (ante,  p.  312).     Westcote,   1627-1642  (pub.  1845),  "Worth 
of  Exeter,  Compton  Poole,  and  Harum,"  p.  561. 
29 


434  1>E  VONSHIRE     WILLS. 

with  Lady  Avis  Redvers,  passed  to  his  younger  brother, 
Sir  John  Worthe,  Kt.  Their  grandfather,  Alexander  Worthe, 
of  Worthe,  had  been  one  of  the  claimants  to  the  Earldom  of 
Devon  in  1293,  the  succession  to  which  dignity,  after  the 
death  of  Isabella  "  de  Fortibus,"  and  until  it  was  finally 
granted  to  the  Courtenays  by  their  Royal  cousin,  King  Ed- 
ward III.,  was  a  bone  of  contention  amongst  the  kin  of 
Redvers*  for  over  forty  years. 

Sir  John  Worthe  of  Worth,  married  Cicelye,  daughter  and 
co-heir  of  Sir  John  Doddescombe  of  "  Leigh  "  (since  known  as 
Doddiscombesleigh,  six  miles  from  Exeter),  and  of  Compton 
Pole,  in  the  parish  of  Marldon.  "  Here,"  writes  Thomas  West- 
cote  in  1630,  "  the  family  of  Worth  set  a  younger  scion  which 
prospereth  well,"  and  the  descendants  of  this  "  younger  scion  " 
have  since  written  their  name  "  Worthy ,"f  instead  of  Worthe, 
as  indeed  some  members  of  the  family  did  as  far  back  as 
the  fourteenth  and  fifteenth  centuries, %  from  which  it  may  be 
inferred  that  the  final  letter  was  always  pronounced,  although 
the  name  has  been  altered  to  "Worth"  by  the  elder  line,  of 
Washfield,  since  the  sixteenth  century,  and  was  entered  by 
them  as  "  Worth  "  (but  as  "  Worthe  "  by  the  second  house 
and  their  branches)  at  the  several  Visitations  of  Devon  and 
Somerset  in  the  following  century. 

By  the  marriage  with  Cicelye,  who  was  granddaughter  of 
Ralph  Doddescombe,  by  Johanne,  daughter  and  co-heir  of 
Hugh  Peverell,  by  Alice,  daughter  of  Ralph  Pole,  by  Alice 
Dalditch,  and  granddaughter  and  eventual  co-heir  of  Maurice 
de  la  Pole,  by  Dionisia,  daughter  and  heir  of  Compton,  the 
family  became  entitled  to  quarter  the  arms  of  Doddiscombe, 
Peverell,  Pole,  Dalditch,  Compton,  de  Alva,  and  Marldon. 

John   Worthe  §  of  Worth,  son   and  heir  of  John  and  Cecilia 

*  This  family  had  become  extinct,  in  the  male  line,  at  the  death  of  Baldwin,  8th 
Earl  of  Devon,  in  the  year  1261. 

t  See  Ante,  p.  44,  note. 

$  Ep.  Reg.  Braiityngham,  Vol.  I,  f.  31  (1372). 

Exeter  Mun.  Rec.  No.  1116  (1424). 

/(to/,  1127  (1425-6),   1159-1436. 

Aljs  "  Worthie,"  pensioned  as  a  "nun  of  Polsloe  "  315!  Henry  VIII.  She  was 
daughter  of  Otho  Worthe  of  Compton  Pole,  and  died  1586.  Her  maternal  aunt 
presided  over  the  community  and  died  in  1530. 

§  Burke  calls  him  "Sir  John  Wrothe  "  (sub.  Wellington),  an  error  which  ma}'  be 
due  to  a  misprint  in  Lysons,  Mag.  Brit.,  Devon,  vol.  I,  p.  172,  but  which  is  cor- 
rected in  vol  2,  p.  1 8,  of  the  same  work. 


DEVONSHIRE     WILLS.  435 

Doddescombe,  married  Margaret,  second  daughter  and  co-heir 
of  Sir  John  Wellington  of  Umberleigh,  by  Matilda,  daughter 
of  Sir  Walter  Carminow. 

The  Willingt